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Vital Signs 2

Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure the pressure exerted by the circulating blood against the walls of the arteries
What is systolic pressure? Is the top number in a blood pressure reading, it reflects the blood pressure when the heart contracts
What is diastolic pressure? Reflects the blood pressure when the heart is at rest and is recorded as the bottom number.
What is a normal BP range for systolic and diastolic pressures? Systolic- 100 mm Hg to 140 mm Hg Diastolic -65 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg
5. Name 5 factors that increase blood pressure. Amount of fluid in the body Condition of the arteries Force of the heart beat Age Exercise (initially) Obesity Food (salt)
Name 5 factors that decrease blood pressure. Weight loss Exercising regularly Limit salt intake Fasting Depression
What does low blood pressure indicate? (hypotension) Shock, dehydration, or internal injury
What does high blood pressure indicate? (hypertension) Dangerous precursor to cardiac problems and strokes High BP can exert extreme pressure on blood vessels ( can cause stroke, hemorrhaging)
How does exercise affect your BP? Increase your blood pressure
When do you have an emergency situation concerning a BP? Information should be given to EMS when they arrive If you cannot find a BP, activate EMS, or find other professional help When systolic (top) is below 100 or above 140mmHG When diastolic (bottom) is below 65 or above 90mmHG
What equipment do you use to take a blood pressure? Sphygmomanometer ( BB cuff) and stethoscope
What is your core temperature? Internal body temperature
Hypothalamus area in the brain where the temperature is regulated
What is normal body temperature? 98.6 F or 37 C
What are some consequences of being overweight? • Increase risk of cardiovascular disease due to additional stress on the heart, and heightened risk of hypertension and atherosclerosis • Decreased life expectancy • Impeded circulation in the legs • Increased risk of diabetes • Increased stress on
Created by: Imari Wright