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Unit 12

Blood Pressure The pressure exerted by the circulation blood against the walls of the arteries
Core Temperature The internal body temperature
Homeostasis A state of equilibrium within the body maintained through the adaptation of body systems to changes in either internal or external enviorment
Pulse A vital sign; a quantitative measurement of the heart-beat using the fingers to palpate an artery or a stethoscope
Respiration breathing; the process of bringing oxygen into the body and expelling carbon dioxide
Vital signs assessments of pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature; body functions essential to life
What are veins? Blood vessels that carry blood FROM the body and TO the heart. Has NO oxygen= blue blood.
What are arteries? Blood vessels that carry blood FROM heart TO rest of the body. HAS oxygen. These are what create the pulse (contraction and expansion)
Rapid BUT weak pulse indicates..? Shock, bleeding, diabetic, coma, or heat exhaustion
Rapid BUT strong pulse indicates..? Heat stroke, severe fright, hypertension (high blood pressure)
Slow BUT strong pulse indicates..? Skull fracture or a stroke
No pulse indicates..? Death or Cardiac arrest
What is the normal pulse rate 60-100 BPM
Tachycardia Fast heart More than 100 bpm
Bradycardia Slow heart Slower than 60 BPM
3 Descriptions when describing pulse Rate- the amount of beats Quality- strong or weak Rhythm- regular or irregular
What is respiration? Breathing bringing oxygen INTO body for cells to use and expelling CO2 OUT of body One breath in=inspiration; one breath out=expiration
Normal respiration for a 15 year old? 15-20 Breaths per minute
Normal respiration for a well-trained athlete? 6-8 Breaths per minute
What does "Pnea" mean? Lungs; breathing EX: Apnea=not breathing, Tachypnea= rapid breathing, Dyspnea= Painful breathing
Areas where you can check pulse? (7) 1. Carotid= neck 2. Radial= wrist 3. Brachial= bicep 4. Femoral= groin 5. Popliteal= behind knee 6. Pedal= foot 7. Apical= in chest
Systolic Pressure VS Diastolic Pressure Systolic= top number in BP reading, shows the BP when the heart contracts (first heard) Diastolic= Bottom number in BP reading. Shows the heart at rest (last beat heard)
Normal BP Range for systolic and diastolic Systolic= 100 mm Hg- 140 mm Hg Diastolic= 65 mm Hg- 90 mm Hg
Low BP indicates..? Hypotension, shock, dehydration, internal injury
High BP indicates..? Hypertension, strokes, cardiac problems, hemorrhaging
What equipment do you use to take Blood Pressure? Sphygomomanometer (cuff around arm; needs to cover 3/4's of arm)and a stethoscope
What is the core temperature? This is also the normal body temperature. 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit
What/where are the 3 places you can take temperature? 1. Oral, under tongue 2. Rectal, butt 3. Tympanic (ear)
Created by: hcpsescobarsm
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