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Lab Test

Common Laboratory Tests

Test Namewhat it does
Acid Phosphatase Early diagnosis of CA of the prostate
Albumin Nutritional status
Alkaline Phosphatase Metabolic bone disorders, liver function
Ammonia Evaluation of hepatic function
Amylase Diagnosis of acute pancreatitis
Bilirubin a bile pigment formed by the breakdown of erythrocytes, liver function
Biochemical Profiles chemistry screens. The profiles may include Na, K, Cl, LDH, CO, SGOI, SGPT, Bilirubin, Total Protein, BUN, Lactic Acid, Cholesterol, Glucose, Ca, Albumin, Creatinine, Uric Acid, etc.
Bleeding time skin puncture method done be the phlebotomist. Normal 1-4 min.
Blood Culture Diagnosis of specific infectious diseases
Blood Gases Respiratory function, acid-base balance
Blood Grouping and Rh Typing separates blood into 4 groups
Bone Marrow The soft tissue in the center of bone is aspirated and biopsied to diagnosis malignancies
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Kidney Function
Calcium the most abundant mineral in the body and plays a key role in blood coagulation. Levels are esential to maintain normal heartbeat and normal funtioning of nerves and muscles.
CO2 Formed in the tissues and eliminated by the lungs. Evaluates acid-base balance
Cardiac Profile Evaluation of the Cardiac enzymes (CPK, LDH, etc.)
CBC Evaluation of peripheral blood parameters performed in Hematology. Includes RBC, WBC, Hgb, Hct and Indices.
CEA (Carcinoembryonic Antigen) Follow-up of cancer patients
Chloride plays an important role in the maintanance of homeostasis. Decreased in Pulmonary disease. electrolytes loss or renal disease
Cholesterol A fat substance
Clotting Time A skin puncture test performed by the Phlebotomist with a capillary tube, Filter Paper, and stopwatch. Normal:3-6 Min,
CPK (Creantine Phosphokinase) Cardiac or liver function
Creatinine Kidney Function
Crossmatch A blood bank test for the transfusion of blood products
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) One of the herpes viruses that causes Cytomegalic inclusion disease. (CID )
Differential Blood Count Microscopic examination of white cells, platelets estimation and RBC morphology. Done on slides
Electolytes Evaluation of renal function and acit-base balance. Includes Na, K, Cl, CO2
Eosinophil Count Investigation of allergic disorders, pin worms
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate The settling of cells in a volume of drawn blood. Inflammatory disease process
Factor Assays Coagulation Factors II,V,VII,IX,X,XI,XII,XIII. Detects specific coagulation factor deficiencies.
Factor Split Products Also Fibrin Degradation Products. This test measures the breakdown products of fibrin and fibrinogen
Fibrinogen is a plasma protein formed in the liver. Converted into fibrin during the clotting process.
Gentamycin An Antibiotic. Levels are usually drawn before and after the dose is given
Glucose A sugar also known as dextrose. Screening for Hypo and Hyperglycemia, carbohydrate metabolism disorders
Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) A metabolic test for carbohydrate tolerance, drawn hourly intervals. Blood sugar should return to normal in 2-21 hours after ingesting 100g of glucose
Hemoglobin the iron-containing pigment of the red blood cell. Its function is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues, included in the CBC
Hepatitis Screens Individuals tests for Hepatitis A or Hepatitis B, surface antigen ot anitbody; indicates remote or current infection
Herpese Simplex 1&2 Detects the non-genital and genital viral infections
Iron and Iron Binding Capacity Increases with liver disease; decreases with kidney disease, blood loss, cancer, malabsorption
Lactose Tolerance Test Determine if the patient is deficient of the enzyme lactase. Drawn at hourly intervals after the patient has ingested 100g of lactose dissolved in water
LDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase) Increased with MI, liver disease and metastatic CA
LE Cells a connective tissue dissorder
Lipoprotein A type of fat in the blood
Lithium a mood stabilizing drug
Liver Profile Includes GGT, SGPT, Bilirubin, Alkaline Phosphatase
Magnesium Evaluation of metabolic disorders. Decreases with renal disease, alcoholism, pancreatitis, malabsorption, etc.
Monospot A viral disease in which monocytes are increased and lymph nodes enlarged
Phosphorus Evaluation of phosphorus metabolism
PT A protein produced in the liver and is dependent on the presence of Vitamin K. During teh clotting process, prothrombin is converted to throbin. Evalualtion of extrinsic coagulation system
PTT Evaluation of the intrinsic coagulation system
Reticulocyte Count Young red blood cells newly delivered into the circulation from the bone marrow
Rubella German Measles
Syphilils Test May be called VDRL;RPR,STS. Many states require a test on all admissions and or employees
SGOT Increases with liver disease, heart disease, skeletal muscle damage, MI
SGPT Increases with liver disease, hepatitis, cirrhosis, jaundice
Sickle Cell A hereditary hemolytic anemia chacterized by sickle-shaped RBC
Sodium Regulates water balance and acid base balance, increases with hypertension, kidney disease,dehydration, diabetes
Thyroid Studies Includes T3,T4,T7,TSH,FTI. Determines Thyroid function such as hypo or hyoerthyroidism
Triglycerides a type of fat in the blood
Toxoplasmosis an infection similar to mononucleosis
Uric Acid Increases with gout, uremia, acidosis
Xylose Tolerance Test Also known as D-Xylose Absorption test. Blood and urine are collected after teh atient has ingested 25g of Xylose, diagnosis of malabsorption syndromes.
Created by: kspath2