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OS Key Terms (4)

Working with Disks and Devices

TermDefinition
Basic Disk uses primary partitions, extended partitions, and logical drives to organize data
Diskpart.exe command-line tools used to manage disks
Dynamic Disk disk w/ unlimited volumes that function like primary partitions on a basic disk. (simple, spanned, striped, mirrored)
exFAT intended for large USB drives, not hard drives (involves firmware)
FAT (File Allocation Table) partitions up to 4 GB
FAT32 partitions up to 32 GB (Windows 7 limitation to prevent Windows performance degradation caused by large FAT32 partitions
GUID (Globally Unique Identifier) Partition Table (GPT) first introduced in Vista, you can now use the GPT partition style on x86-based and x64-based Windows 7 computers
Master Boot Record (MBR) default partition style for x86-based and x64-based computers; support 4 partition primary (3+1 extend)
Mirrored Volume consists of equal space from 2 dynamic disks; 2 identical copies; fault tolerant; only 50% storage
Native Boot enables you to create and modify VHDs; boot WIN 7 from a VHD without having to run a VM Manager (Virtual PC) or a hypervisor-based product (Hyper-V)
NTFS preferred file system for Windows 7; partitions up to 4 TB; security (encryption/permissions)
Simple Volume contains space from 1 dynamic drive
Spanned Volume consists of disk space on 2-32 dynamic drives (any size)
Striped Volume store data in equal stripes on 2-32 dynamic drives (same size); improved performance; can't extend; not fault tolerant; gamers use it
Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) contains the entire contents of a hard disk in a single, portable file that admins can use to move entire VMs from 1 host computer to another.
Created by: BCrahan13