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Typo Hill 16-21

QuestionAnswer
a 3-D mechanical process in which the raised areas of type or image are inked and then impressed into paper relief printing
ink-retaining areas determined through the action of a light-sensitive emulsion upon a flat metal plate lithography
litho process developed for mass commercial applications through the use of flexible zinc plates that could be cylinder-mounted for printing via an inking roller offset litho
designed a prototype photocomposition system Edmund Uher
typesetting process in which letters are successfully exposed upon photographic paper or film, then negatives are created to which the litho plates are exposed photosetting or photocomposition
Swiss; "Die Neue Typographie"; modernist position, book designer, designer of typefaces, notably Sabon Jan Tschichold
represented the postwar development of ideas first formulated by Tschichold & Renner; characterized by strong asymmetrical grids Swiss typography
digital type on screen formed from a grid of pixels, with all the pixels that fall within the letterform appearing as positive bitmap
maps the outline of the letter as a sequence of straight and curved lines, the mathematical formulae for which are then stored digitally vector
addressed the perceived problems of digital type design; incorporated the pixelated surface into the working method Zuzana Licko
created without mechanical processes, and each typeface is stored in the form of binary information digital type
a facility to improve the quality of type at low resolutions hinting
computer language that encodes descriptive information about the design and layout of a page of text, irrespective of the quality of the device to which the text is being sent PostScript by Adobe Systems
the means by which information is managed between digital file, screen, and printer descriptive languages
dpi dots per inch
two systems that translate the character information from bitmap into vector form for display TrueType by Apple, & PostScript by Adobe
use the fixed-size bitmap file information for drawing the characters on screen PostScript files
vector information send from PostScript files to the printer, which fills in the vector shape with pixels rasterization
scales info from the PostScript outline font to create appropriately sized bitmap letterforms on screen at any size Adobe Type Manager
outline fonts on vector format & infinitely scalable TrueType
introduced to allow the user to adjust attributes of weight, width, or other variant characteristics on a sliding scale between two versions of the face Multiple master fonts
a system for describing a character set developed in the 1990s & allows for up to 65,000 characters or glyphs unicode
fonts developed by Microsoft and Adobe that consist of a single file that can accommodate the extended number of characters/glyphs that the Unicode system defines; allowed for European alphabets OpenType
designed Tahoma, Veranda, and Georgia; commissioned by Micosoft Matthew Carter
Created by: aimeebeth