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Ditigal Arts I Vocab

Vocabulary from Digital Arts I.

TermDefinition
Vector the use of geometrical primitives such as points, lines, curves, and shapes or polygon(s), which are all based on mathematical equations, to represent images in computer graphics
Raster image or bitmap is a data structure representing a generally rectangular grid of pixels, or points of color, viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium
Resolution amount of detail an image holds
DPI (Dot Per Inch) measure of spatial printing or video dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed within the span of one linear inch (2.54 cm)
Pixel (picture element) is the smallest item of information in an image
PPI (Pixel Per Inch) pixel density is a measurement of the resolution of devices in various contexts; typically computer displays, image scanners or digital camera image sensors
CMYK referred to as process color or four color, is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, also used to describe the printing process itself. CMYK refers to the four inks used in most color printing: cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black)
PSD (Photoshop document) default file extension
TIFF (tagged image format)
RIFF (resource Interchange File Format) generic meta-format for storing data in tagged chunks
JPEG (join photographic experts group) commonly used method of compression for images
Value the lightness or darkness of a color
Economy design strategy that uses a minimal amount of visual information
Overlapping visual placement of one object in front of another
Contrast degree of difference between compositional parts or between one image and another
Asymmetrical Balance the balance of elements that have unequal visual weight
Hue the name of a color, such as red, that distinguishes it from others and assigns it a position in the visual spectrum and on the color wheel
Gradation any gradual transition from one color to another or from one shape or volume to another
Form a shape realized in three dimensions, a volume
Symmetry formal, perfect balance vertical, horizontal, or diagonal on either side of a compositions axis
Design a planned arrangement of visual elements to construct an organized visual pattern
Opacity the state or quality of being opaque
Opaque not transparent or translucent; impenetrable to light; not allowing light to pass through
Transparency a situation in which an object or form allows light to pass through it, in two-dimensional art, two forms overlap, but they are both seen in their entirety
Pattern the repetition of a visual element or module in a regular and anticipated sequence
Repetition using the same visual element over again within the same composition
Negative Space empty
Equilibrium a state of rest or balance due to the equal action of opposing forces
Balance the equilibrium of opposing or interacting forces in a pictorial composition
Focal Point compositional device emphasizing a certain area or object to draw attention to the piece and to encourage closer scrutiny of the work
Monochromatic a color scheme using only one hue with varying degrees of value or intensity
Proportion size measured against other elements or against a mental norm or standard
Texture characteristic surface quality of an object
Created by: 1216917036