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Intro to OT Terms

Study Resources for the Occupational Therapy Language

Accreditation A form of regulation that determines whether an organization or program meets a prescribed standard.
Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) The national organization that regulates entry-level education for occupational therapists and for occupational therapy students.
Active being The view of humans as actively involved in controlling and determining their own behavior.
Active listening A manner of communication in which the receiver paraphrases the speaker's words to ensure that he or she understands the intended meaning.
Activities of daily living Activities involved in taking care of one's own body, including such things as dressing, bathing, grooming, eating, feeding, personal device care, toileting, sexual activity, and sleep/rest
Activity State or condition of being involved (participant); a general class of human actions that is goal-directed
Activity analysis The process in which the steps of an activity and its components are examined to determine the demands of the client.
Activity demands The aspects of an activity needed to carry out that activity, such as objects used and their properties, space demands, social demands, sequencing and timing, required actions, required body functions, and required body structures
Activity director The practitioner responsible for planning, implementing, and documenting an ongoing program of activities that meet the needs of the residents
Activity synthesis The process of identifying gaps in performance and bridging those gaps by grading or adapting the activity or the environment in order to provide the "just right challenge" for the client
Acute care The first level on the continuum of care in which a client has a sudden and short-term need for services and is typically seen in a hospital
Adaptation A change in function that promotes survival and self-actualization
Adolescence The period of development between 12 and 20 years of age
Adolf Meyer A Swiss physician committed to a holistic perspective; developed the psychological approach to mental illness
Adulthood The period of development after 20 years of age; broken into a young stage (20-40 years of age), middle (40-65 years of age, and late (over 65 years of age)
Advanced beginner A practitioner who is learning to recognize additional cues and beginning to see the client as an individual ; still does not see the whole picture
Aging The unique changes that occur over time, such as sensory and physical declines
Aging in place The trend of more elderly people staying at home and living independently or with minimal assistance
Altruism The unselfish concern for the welfare of others
American with Disabilities Act of 1990 Legislation that provides civil rights to all individuals with disabilities
American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT) The American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA's) official publication that traditionally has served as the main source of research and resource information for the profession
American Occupational Therapy Assocation (AOTA) Formerly called the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy; the nationally recognized professional assocation for occupational therapy practitioners
American Occupational Therapy Foundation (AOTF) A national organization designed to advance the science of occupational therapy and to increase public understanding of the value of occupational therapy
American Occupational Therapy Political Action Committee (AOTPAC) The organization that furthers the legislative aims of the profession by attempting to influence the selection, nomination, election, or appointment of persons to public office
American Student Committee of the Occupational Therapy Association (ASCOTA) Student representatives from all accredited schools who participate in the American Occupational Therapy Association by meeting regularly and providing feedback to the organization
Areas of occupation Various life activities including activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), education, work, play, leisure, and social participation
Artistic element The element of clinical reasoning in which the occupational therapy practitioner guides the treatment process and selects the "right action" in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical process
Arts and Crafts Movement A late nineteenth-century movement born in reaction to the Industrial Revolution; emphasized craftsmanship and design
Assessment instruments Standardized or non-standardized measurements used to obtain information about clients
Assessment procedures The clinical techniques and instruments used to determine the strengths and weaknesses of a client for therapeutic purposes
Assistive devices Low- or high-technology aids to improve a person's function
Assistive technology Devices that aid a person in his or her daily life as necessary
Autonomy The freedom to decide and the freedom to act
Axiology The part of philosophy that is concerned with the study of values
Balanced Budget Act (BBA)of 1997 Legislation intended to reduce Medicare spending, create incentives for development of managed care plans, encourage enrollment in managed care plans, and limit fee-for-service payment and programs
Beneficence A principle that requires that the occupational therapy practitioner contribute to the good health and welfare of the client
Benjamin Rush An American Quaker who was the first physician to institute Moral Treatment practices
Biological sphere Sphere of practice in which clients have medical problems caused by disease
Biomechanical frame of reference A frame o reference derived from theories in kinetics and kinematics; used with individuals who have deficits in the peripheral nervous, musculoskeletal, integumentary, or cardiopulmonary
Board certification Certification for the occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant that incorporates more generalized areas of practice that have an established knowledge base in occupational therapy
Brain plasticity The phenomenon that the brain is capable of change and that through activity one may get improved neurological synapses, improved dendritic growth, or additional pathways
Canadian Model of Occupational Performance A model of practice that emphasizes client-centered care and spirituality
Career development The process of advancing within the service delivery path of transitioning into a role outside of service delivery
Cerebral palsy (CP) A disorder caused by an insult to the brain before or soon after birth, which manifests in motor abnormalities
Certification The acknowledgement that an individual has the qualifications to be an entry-level practitioner
Childhood Spans early childhood (1-6 years) and later childhood (6-12 years)
Civilian Vocational Rehabilitation Act Act that provided federal funds to states to provide vocational rehabilitation services to civilians with disabilities
Clarification An active listening technique in which the client's thoughts and feelings are summarized or simplified
Client Person served by occupational therapy in a health facility or training center
Client-centered approach An approach in which the client, family, and significant others are active participant
Client factors Components of activities consisting of body functions and body structures; used to assess functioning, disability, and health
Client-related tasks Routine tasks in which the aide mayinteract with the client but not as the primary service provider
Client satisfaction
Created by: drtex311
Popular Occupational Therapy sets




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