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ICT Ethics Terms

Leach ICT Ethics Terms

QuestionAnswer
Plagiarism stealing and passing off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
Hacker a person who illegally gains access to and sometimes tampers with information in a computer system
Firewall computer hardware or software that prevents unauthorized access to private data (as on a company's local area network or intranet) by outside computer users (as of the Internet)
Phishing a scam by which an e-mail user is duped into revealing personal or confidential information which the scammer can use illicitly
Copyright the exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, sell, or distribute the matter and form of something (as a literary, musical, or artistic work)
Piracy the unauthorized use of another's production, invention, or conception especially in infringement of a copyright
Spoofing a technique used to gain unauthorized access to computers, whereby the intruder sends messages to a computer with an IP address indicating that the message is coming from a trusted host.
Cybercrime any criminal act dealing with computers and networks (called hacking). It also includes crimes conducted through the internet.
Encryption the translation of data into a secret code. It is the most effective way to achieve data security
Computer forensics the application of scientifically proven methods to gather, process, interpret, and use digital evidence to provide a description of cyber crime activities.
Spyware a form of software that collects information about the user in order to display advertisements in the Web browser based on the information it collects from the user’s browsing patterns.
Virus a computer program that is usually hidden within another seemingly harmless program and that produces copies of itself and inserts them into other programs and usually performs a malicious action (as destroying data)
Worm a usually small self-contained and self-replicating computer program that invades computers on a network and usually performs a destructive action
Spam unsolicited usually commercial e-mail sent to a large number of addresses
Public domain is a range of abstract materials – commonly referred to as intellectual property – which are not owned or controlled by anyone. The term indicates that these materials are therefore "public property", and available for anyone to use for any purpose.
Created by: CoachLeach