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hey im mvp Vocab 1

CMW Chapter 1

Computer Literacy The level of expertise and familiarity someone has with computers. Computer literacy generally refers to the ability to use applications rather than to program.
Computer A computer is a programmable machine. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: it responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner and it can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program).
Data Distinct pieces of information, usually formatted in a special way. All software is divided into two general categories: data and programs. Programs are collections of instructions for manipulating data.
Information Processed data that converys meaning and i suseful to people.
Information Processing Cycle Series of input, process, output, and storage activities performed by a computer.
Hardware Refers to objects that you can actually touch, like disks, disk drives, display screens, keyboards, printers, boards, and chips
Input Devices Any machine that feeds data into a computer. Ex: keyboard, mouse, trackballs, and light pens.
Output Devices Any machine capable of representing information from a computer. Ex: display screens, printers, plotters, and synthesizers.
Storage Devices A device capable of storing data. Ex: discs, tape drives, flash drives, hard drives.
System Unit The main part of a personal computer. The system unit includes the chassis, microprocessor, main memory, bus, and ports, but does not include the keyboard or monitor, or any peripheral devices.
Motherboard The main circuit board of a microcomputer.
Communication Devices Any machine that assists data transmission.
Categories of Software Computer instructions or data. Systems software includes the operating system and all the utilities that enable the computer to function. Applications software includes programs that do real work for users.
Categories of Computers minicomputer: a multi-user computer capable of supporting from 10 to hundreds of users simultaneously. mainframe: a powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously.
Game Consoles Mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games.
Servers A computer or device on a network that manages network resources.
Mainframe Computers powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously.
Supercomputers An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second.
Embedded Computers A specialized computer system that is part of a larger system or machine.
Personal Computer A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering data, a monitor for displaying information, and a storage device for saving data.
Workstation A powerful, single-user computer. A workstation is like a personal computer, but it has a more powerful microprocessor and a higher-quality monitor.
Tanner Sparrow L33t
Created by: PropheticL