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TermDefinition
Arithmetic/logic unit (ALU) section of centeral processing unit that performs arithmetic computations and logical operations
Binary machine language that is made up of only 1s and 0s
Bit a single zero or single one in machine language
BIOS ROM a type of computer chip where instructions for starting up the computer are stored
Byte a single character in computer language; eigth bits are equal to one byte
Centeral Processing Unit (CPU) Microprocessor that is the brains of the computer
Circut Board Thin plate or board that contains electronic components
computer an electronic device that recevives data (input), processes data, stores data, and produces a result (output)
control unit coordinates all of the processor's activities
Data text, numbers, sound, images, or video
Dual-processor processor a single chip that contains two seperate processors
Embedded Computers Perform a specific tasks and can be found in a range of devices such as a digital watch or an mp3 player
File Allocation table (FAT) a special log on a magnetic storage disk where each track is labled and given a location
Hard Disks Used to store data inside the computer; removableversions are also avalible
hardware the actual machine-wires,transitors,and circuts- in a computer system
information output produced by the computer
Memory short term or long term way to store a file or information
Mobile devices small general-purpose computers that can generally fit into the palm of your hand
Motherboard circut board mounted in a computer case that contains intergal components
multicore processor an expansion that provides for more than two seperate processors
Network Drive a hard drive or a tape drive located on a computer other than the user's local system
notebook computers small personal computers that can contain the monitor with a built-in keyboard; also called a laptop
RAndom acess memory (RAM) short term memory located on the on the motherboard that the computer can read from and write temporarily
Read-Only Memory (ROM) stores specific instructions neededfro computer operations
Remote storage used to extend disk space ona server and eliminate the addition of more hard disks or other storage devices
Server a general-purposecomputer that can support a few users or hundreds of users;varations iinclude file server, database server, and Web server
Software instructions or programs for controlling the computer
Supercomputer fastest type of computer; used for specialized applications to process enormous amounts of data
tablet PC personal computer similar in size and thinkness to a notepad;used with a stylus or digital pen
tracks circles on moagnetic storage device where data is stored or retrived
Created by: dpoiencot