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Parts and Modes

Basic Photography: Unit 1 Camera Basics

TermDefinition
Aperture Priority (AV) An exposure mode in which the photographers sets the f/stop and the camera adjusts the shutter speed for a correct exposure.
ISO A system of numbers determined by the International Organization for Standardization that indicates the relative speeds of films. ISO has also been adopted for use with digital cameras to indicate a change in the image sensor's effective sensitivity.
Resolution In digital photography, the number of pixels that a camera or scanner can capture. In editing, the number of pixels per inch.
Shutter Priority (TV) An exposure mode in which the photographer set the shutter speed and the camera determines the appropriate f/stop.
Manual (M) Exposure An exposure (f/stop and shutter speed) set manually by the photographer.
Shutter Release A button or trigger on the camera that opens the shutter and records the image.
LCD monitor A viewing screen on a digital camera or computer monitor utilizing liquid crystal display technology to display photographic images.
Aperture (f/stop)00 The size of the diameter in the lens that allows light to enter.
Shutter speed Indicates the length of time that light reaches the film or sensor. Specific shutter speeds, which are variable with cameras, include 30, 15, 8, 4 and 2 seconds; 1 sec;, 1/2 sec., 1/4, 1/8, 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000, 1/4000
Bracketing Making a series of exposures of the same image at different f/stops and shutter speed settings in addition to the one suggested by the light meter. Changing either the f/stop or shutter speed can do this.
Point and Shoot Camera Automatic compact camera. All the photographer does is load a memory card, turn on the camera, point it toward the main subject and press the shutter release button to record the image.
Single-Lens Reflex (SLR)Camera A camera that enables the photographer to see the subject in the viewfinder through the same lens that presents the image to the film or sensor.
Drive Modes Camera systems that takes pictures either in single drive mode, or continuous.
Megapixel A million pixels. A measurement of the resolution of a digital camera's sensor; a 6-megapixel camera has a 6-megapixel sensor.
Viewfinder The device in a camera through which the photographer looks to focus and frame the image.
Hot Shoe A mount on the camera for shoe-mount flash units. The hot shoe makes an electrical connection between the flash and the camera's flash synchronization and shutter system.
Exposure The amount of light reaching the film or sensor. The camera's shutter speed and f/stop settings control the exposure.
Created by: weilandk