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Tongan tenses

Tongan tenses and terms

TermDefinition
Taimi lolotonga Present tense, 'Oku
Taimi Haohaoa Perfect tense, Kuo
Taimi kuo'osi Past tense, Na'a, Na'e, Ne
Taimi kaha'u Future tense, Te, 'E
ou I (1st)person singular subject pronoun used only with time marker 'Oku
ma WE (2) first person dual subject pronoun
mau WE (3+) first person plural subject pronoun
ku I (1st)person singular subject pronoun used only with time marker Na'a
u I (1st)person singular subject pronoun used with time marker Te and Kuo
'E Future tense marker 'e occurs in simple expletive expressions. 'E 'uha 'E in future precedes the negative 'E 'ikai te u fiefia
'Oku, Na'a, Ne, Kuo, Te are the main time markers placed before a pronoun
'E, Na'e are never placed before a pronoun except if a negative comes before the pronoun. 'E 'ikai te u tangi. Na'e 'ikai ke nau tangi.
ne S/HE.(3rd person)singular preposed before the verb. Use postposed after the verb "ia"
ia S/HE(3rd person)singular postposed after the verb. Used singular preposed before the verb "ne" 'Oku ne nofo ia 'i fē?
na THEY (3rd person) dual preposed before the verb. Use postposed "kinaua" after the verb. 'Oku na nofo kinaua 'i fē?
nau THEY. (3rd person) plural preposed before the verb. Use postposed "kinautolu after the verb. 'Oku nau nofo kinautolu 'i fē?
Created by: letslearntongan