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Types of PAMs

Using PAMs

QuestionAnswer
Physical Agent modalities may be used ONLY (In OT) if... used in preparation for Purposeful Activity
Types of thermal modalities Conduction...Convection...Conversion...
Benefits of (conduction)superficial heat Relieves pain...increases ROM...assists wound healing...joint stiffness...mm spasms...increase blood flow...aids in reabsorption of exudates and edema in chronic conditions.
Benefits of cold (cryotherapy) Relieves pain...controls edema...decreases abnormal tone...facilitates muscle tone
Benefits of electrical stimulation Relieves pain...stimulates and strengthens muscles...reeducates muscles
Types of PAMs Heat...Cold...heat and cold(contrast bath) Electrical stimulation...Ultrasound...Whirlpool or Fluidotherapy
Types of Conduction: transfer of heat through direct contact Paraffin...Heating pads... Hot packs
Types of Convection: Supplies heat to tissues through motion Whirlpool...Fluidotherapy
Types of Conversion: Heat is generated internally, penetrating the tissue. Ultrasound...diathermy
Cryotherapy: tx. edema, pain and inflammation ice massage...contrast baths...ice packs: Contraindicated for cold intolerance and vascular repairs
Contraindications to heat Acute conditions...inflammation...sensory loss...impaired vascular structures...the very young and old...malignancies.
Electrical stimulation Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)...Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES).
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) Decreases pain through the use of an electrical currant...Can be used with acute and chronic pt's
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation A continuous electric current is used to provide a muscle contraction and strengthen muscles. The current is interrupted to enable the muscle to relax between contractions....
Contraindications for PAMs Cancer...Pacemaker...Pregnancy...Cognitive, sensory...infection...Post surgery...vascular disorder
Created by: debbiej