Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Types of PAMs

Using PAMs

Physical Agent modalities may be used ONLY (In OT) if... used in preparation for Purposeful Activity
Types of thermal modalities Conduction...Convection...Conversion...
Benefits of (conduction)superficial heat Relieves pain...increases ROM...assists wound healing...joint stiffness...mm spasms...increase blood flow...aids in reabsorption of exudates and edema in chronic conditions.
Benefits of cold (cryotherapy) Relieves pain...controls edema...decreases abnormal tone...facilitates muscle tone
Benefits of electrical stimulation Relieves pain...stimulates and strengthens muscles...reeducates muscles
Types of PAMs Heat...Cold...heat and cold(contrast bath) Electrical stimulation...Ultrasound...Whirlpool or Fluidotherapy
Types of Conduction: transfer of heat through direct contact Paraffin...Heating pads... Hot packs
Types of Convection: Supplies heat to tissues through motion Whirlpool...Fluidotherapy
Types of Conversion: Heat is generated internally, penetrating the tissue. Ultrasound...diathermy
Cryotherapy: tx. edema, pain and inflammation ice massage...contrast baths...ice packs: Contraindicated for cold intolerance and vascular repairs
Contraindications to heat Acute conditions...inflammation...sensory loss...impaired vascular structures...the very young and old...malignancies.
Electrical stimulation Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)...Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES).
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) Decreases pain through the use of an electrical currant...Can be used with acute and chronic pt's
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation A continuous electric current is used to provide a muscle contraction and strengthen muscles. The current is interrupted to enable the muscle to relax between contractions....
Contraindications for PAMs Cancer...Pacemaker...Pregnancy...Cognitive, sensory...infection...Post surgery...vascular disorder
Created by: debbiej