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ST220 Final Exam

St220 Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
1. The appropriate way to wrap instruments for sterilization in the autoclave includes Using double ply muslin wrap instruments
2.When transporting a patient on a stretcher or in a bed, the side rails should be ____ Up and locked
3.Which of the following methods of infection control requires the use of an autoclave Sterilization
4.The wound classification for an otherwise uncomplicated open appendectomy procedure is ____ Class II
5. If you have had the measles, you cannot get them again.this is an example of : Natural active immunity
6. Which of the following is an infectious bacterial disease that primarily affects the lungs and may not cause symptoms Tuberculosis
7. An antigen can be ALL OF THE ABOVE (A toxin, a protein on a cancer cell membrane, and a protein on a bacterial cell membrane)
8. Which of the following should be included when sanitizing instruments Wear utility gloves
9. The first step in preventing a nonsurgical wound from becoming infected is Cleaning
10. The front of a surgical gown from the waist to the midchest and circumferentially to 2 inches above the elbows on the sleeve is considered Sterile
11. Debridement is The surgical removal of debris or dead tissue from a wound
12.The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane is a process called Osmosis
13. Which of the following is commonly used to clean instruments and equipment that would be damaged be immersion in soap and water or other disinfectant solution Alcohol
14. Chromsome align themselves in the center of the cell during Metaphase
15. Which of the following is commonly known as Cidex and is used in chemical sterilization processes Glutaraldehyde
16. Which microoganism is responsible for causing otitis media Steptococcus pneumoniae
17. Approximately 60% of all surgical patients are affected by ____ Hypothermia
18. The structure in the cell that controls most of the activities of the cell is the Nucleus
19.In the middle of a surgical procedure a critical stainless steel instrument is contaminated and there is no sterile replacement. Which time setting would be selected for the flash autoclave 3 Minutes
20.Which of the following would render an autoclaved load unsterile? Air gets trapped inside the chamber because of blocked discharge lines
21.Which microoganism is capable of causing endocarditis Staphylococcus epidermidis
22. The purpose of washing your hands prior to the surgical scrub is to: Remove gross soil and transient microorganism
24.In cardiac arrest, atropine might be administered to Treat severe bradycardia
23. A common unicellular anaerobic protozoan that is often part of normal urethral flora is Trichomonas vaginalis
25.A light handle dropping into an open wound would be an example of disease transmission through _____ contact Direct
26.The molecules in the plasma membrane that serve as receptors for other molecules are the Protein molecules
27. The Bowie-Dick test must be run daily in which of the following types of sterilizers Prevacuum
28.Lock and Key Model refers to the action of Enzymes
29. The organelles that consist of a network of canals that wind through the cytoplasm are the Endoplasmic reticulum
30. The presence of food of fluid in the stomach during surgery increase the danger of _______ Aspiration
31. Where should a sterile bowl or basin be places in preparation for pouring solutions onto the sterile field Near the edge of the sterile field
32. Which of the following would cause incomplete sterilization of an autoclaved load? An exposure phase cycle that is too short
33.A small amount of tissue removed from the body for examination under a microscope is a (n) Biopsy specimen
34. Members of the sterile surgical team should pass each other within the sterile field by facing one another or ______ Passing back to back
35.Which microorganism is most capable of causing post-op surgical site infection? Staphylococcus aureus
36.The purpose of skin preparation is to reduce___ to the lowest possible number Transient microbial count
37. What is the proper procedure to follow when a sponge pack contains an incorrect number of sponges? Hand off the field and isolate
38. In which condition does a patient experience fever,pain and respiratory obstruction as a result of a bacterial infection that primarily affects the nose, throat, and larynx? Diphtheria
39.the organelles that are the "power plant" of the cell are the Mitochondria
40. What is NOT a risk of SSI Gender (Obesity, Age, and Remote Infections are)
41. Deep-tissue nosocomial infections such as to puncture wounds and open bone fractures are caused by which microorganism? Pseudomonas aeruginosa
42. Which microorganism is capable of causing osteomyelitis? Staphylococcus aureus
43. The STSR has completed the sterile setup when notified that the surgeon will be 30 minutes late. He or she would: Remain with the sterile field until further notice
44. All tables to be set up as part of the sterile field should be placed at least_____ inches away from the walls. 12 to 18
45. A drug used to dilate the pupil Tropicamide (Mydrialcyl)
46. Which microogranism is most capable of causing a UTI? Staphylococcus epidermidis
47. The following is NOT one of the main parts of the cell Interstitial fluid
48. Which microorganism is responsible for causing tonsillitis? Streptococcus pyogenes
49. Isopropyl alcohol in ___ dilution/concentration is tuberculocidal, bacteriacidal, virucidal, and fungicidal but not sporicidal 60-70%
50. Which of the following is NOT a function of the cell membrane? ALL OF THE ABOVE (Acting as the outer boundary for cell, Acting as the gateway for the cell, and Acting as a receptor site for hormones of the body are)
51.During urethral catherization , which hand is usednto expose the meatus? The non-dominant hand
52. Infection contracted within the healthcare setting is known as Nosocomial
53.The basic building block of nucleic acid are called Nucleotides
54. For arm porcedure, prep should include Entire arm, shoulder, and axilla, including hand
55. Which patient requires special handling related to immunizations? A pregnant patient
56. The number of person required to position a patient in stirrups is Two
57. Which microorganism is responsible for causing necrotizing fascitis? Streptococcus pyrogenes
58. Aeration is essential following sterilization by: Ethylene oxide gas
59. For a right nephrectomy, the patient would be placed in the ____ position Left lateral kidney
60. Which of the following is used to disinfect small piecesof nonsurgical equipment, such as stehoscopes 70% isopropyl alcohol
61. The primary method for sterilization instruments is Autoclaving
62. Which condition puts a patient at risk for wound-healing problems Diabetes mellitus
63. The plasma membrane of a cell composed of ALL OF THE ABOVE (Phospholipid molecules, Cholesterol molecules, and Protein molecules)
64. Which of the following antiseptics could stain te skin? Iodine
65. Which microoganism is responsible for causing pelvic inflammatory disease? Neisseria gonorrhoeae
66. The first line of defense against spreading disease is Handwashing
67. The main difference between active and passive transport is Whether or not cell energy is required
68.Another name for the flu is Influenza
69. Which bacteria can be found as common flora of the skin, hair, and nose? Staphylococcus aureus
70. Which is the most commonly transmitted bacteria in the operating room Staphylococcus aureus
71. The structure in the cell that programs the formation of ribosome is the Nucleolus
72. Why is a skin prep performed ALL OF THE ABOVE (To remove transient organism for the patient's skin, To reduce the number of resident organisms on the patient's skin, and To render the area surgically clean, as needed for the surgery.)
73. The long taillike structure that propels sperm cells is the Flagella
74. The safest, most practical means for sterilizating heat and moisture stable items is Saturated steam under pressure
75. A dressing may protect a wound from further injury and keep the wound clean and reduce bleeding. True
76. Lysosomes are baglike structures that contain digestive enzymes. True
77. Fever and a rash are examples of symptoms False
78. Antisepsis is the process in which most but not all the microorganism located on inanimte surfaces are destroyed False
79. If there is any doubt as to whether an item is sterile or not, consider it unsterile. True
80. Disinfection is a process in which most but not all microorganisms located on animate surfaces such as the skin, are destroyed False
81. Nasea and dizziness are examples of signs False
82. When prepping an area, always use circular motions and work form the periphery moving toward the planned incision site. False
83. Ion pumps are example of active transport processes True
84. A disadvantage of Cidex is its noxious order True
85. Living tissue can be sterilized False
86. Sterlization is the destruction of all microorganisms, including spores, on inanimate surfaces True
87. Centrioles assist in cell division True
88. Osmosis and dialysis are special cases of diffusion True
89. A non infected person inhales some of the viral particles and becomes infected with the rhinovirus Second step
90. The host cells lyse and new viral particles are released to continue replicating in the sinuses and travel to the lungs Fourth step
91. The viral particles bind to the host cells lining the nasal sinuses and begin to rapidly replicate. Third step
92. An infected individual sneezes, thus releasing thousands of viral particles into the air. First step
93.The infected sinus cell are induced by the viral particles to release fluid, which enters the throat ,where the viral particles invade the cells that line the throat, causing sore throat. Fifth step
94.The body's immune response begins to fight the infection by releasing pyrogens that cause the body temperature to rise; the increased temperature helps to slow the rate of viral replication. Sixth step
95. One organism benefits and the host is harmed Parasitism
96. Subcategory of commensalism in which two organisms occupy the same area with no effect on each other Neutralism
97. Subcatergory of mutualism in which two organisms work together to achieve a result neither could obtain alone Synergism
98. Both organisms benifit from and depend on one another to a certain extent Mutualism
99. Subcatergory of commensalism in which one microorganism inhimbits or interferes with the growth of another Antagonsim
100. one organism benefits but second organism neither benefits nor is harmed Commensalism
Created by: elizabeth-mcw