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ST220 T3

QuestionAnswer
1. T/F - An insect bite can serve as a portal of entry for disease True
2. T/F - Infection spread by contaminated instruments is an ex of direct contact transmission False - Indirect
3. T/F - Contact time and the amount of bioburden on an item does not influence the efficiency of disinfectancts False - Influence the breakdown process
4. T/F - Glutaraldehyde requires a minimum exposure time of 20 min to disinfect an item True
5. T/F - Instruments should always be soaked in saline to initiate the cleaning process prior to the end of the case False - Water. Saline will pit and corrode the instruments
6. T/F - Surgical site should be shaved with a razor prior to surger False - Clippers. Razor create microscopic cuts in the skin to harbor microbes
7. T/F - The number one recommended practice to stop the spread of infection is washing your hands True
8. What are the criteria to form a diagnosis All of the above (Signs, Symptoms, and Tests)
9. After the diagnosis has been made, a prognosis can be determined. What are the factors that will influence the prognosis Both A & B (Course of the ds and Condition of the Pt)
10. What is considered the final line of defense Lymphatic system
11. ___ means microbes and infection are absent Sterile
12. The number of microbes or organic debris that exist at a given time Bioburden
13. The contamination of a person or objects by another person or object Cross contamination
14. Methods used to prevent contamination of the sterile field Sterile technique
15. Which term is used to describe "the multiplication of organisms in tissue" Infection
16. The primary source of airborne bacteria transmission in the OR is Surgical team
17. Most surgical infections occur bc of Contamination during the procedure
18. The physical removal of blood and body flds or gross debris from an inanimate object Mechanical cleaning
19. The process that ensures that all microorganisms, including spores, are killed Sterilization
20. An intermediate level of disinfection may be appropriate for Semicritical items
21. Low-level disinfection may be appropriate for Noncritical items
22. Physical factors that affect the efficiency of disinfection are Temp, Bioburden, Time
23. Direct contact spread of microorganisms include all of the following EXCEPT Contaminated surgical instruments (Sharing needles, Coughing, and Sexual contact are)
24. What is the purpose of positive air pressure in the OR suite Higher pressure than the outside, to force microbes out
25. Because symptoms are noted by the Pt, they are said to be ____ Subjective
46. Define Nosocomial, Community Acquired, and Surgical Site Infection Nosocomial-Infection acq in healthcare facility Community Acq-Infect occurs outside healthcare facility or present upon admitt. SSI-Infect. d/t break in sterility d surgery
47. List 4 factors that increase the risk of surgical site infection Age, Diabetes, Obesity, Smoking
26.Because signs are noted by healthcare provider, they are said to be Objective
27. Factual information concerning the patient is gathered utiliizing diagnostic tests
28. Study of disease that emphasizes the realtionship of the pathologic and physiologic aspects of the disease and fundamentals of treatment Pathophysiology
29.Servere but usually short lasting Disease-acute
30. Affects many people in the same region at the same time Epidemic
31.Abnormal state inwhich all or part of the body does not function correctly Disease
32. Less severe but long lasting or recurring Disease-chronic
33.Prevelant throughout an entire country, continent, or world Pandemic
35.Continously affects some people in a particular region Endemic
34. Self-originating without known cause Idiopathic
48. Compare and contrast Disinfection, Antisepsis, and Sterilization Disinfect-Process in which most but not all microorganisms located on inanimate objects are destroyed Antisepsis-Most but not all microorg located on animate objects are destroyed Sterilization-All microorg, incld spores, on inanimate objects are destro
40. Matching to correct processing method - Suture scissors Critical
41. Matching to correct processing method - Mayo stand Non-critical
42. Matching to correct processing method - Implant Critical
43. Matching to correct processing method - Vaginal speculum Semi-critical
44. Matching to correct processing method - Blood pressure cuff Semi-critical
45. Matching to correct processing method - Infant incubator Non-critical
36.Cause or origin of the disease Etiology
37. Range of occurance and tendency to affect certain groups Incidence
38. Can be transmitted from on individual to another Communicable
39. Less severe than acute and or not as long lasting as chronic Disease-Subacute
Created by: elizabeth-mcw