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What is OT?/Ethics

Fundamentals Test 1 (stack 2)

OT defined by AOTA therapeutic use of everyday occupations with individuals or groups for the purpose of participation in roles, and situations in home, school, workplace, community and other settings
OT therapy services are provided for the purpose of promoting ... health and wellness to people who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment,disability, activity limitation or participation restriction
OT began in ... the psychiatric setting in the 18th century when a new focus of "moral"treatment of the mentally ill was adopted
Philippe Pinel and William Tuke influenced the use of the occupations in to facilitated improvements of those with mental illness
William Dunton psychiatrist in the 1800's, established 9 principles of occupations/activities
World War I Occupational therapy focused on treating those with physical injuries/"reconstruction aids"
Samuel Tuke provided alternative place of treatment other than the "insane asylum" / used activities such as gardening, sewing, farming to promote healing
Herbert Hall developed sheltered workshops and focused on increasing pts quality of life using crafts and usable products
Herbert Hall wrote 6 books and trained individuals in the use of OT
Susan Tracy a nurse who utilized activity to promote recovery/ wrote the first OT book
George Barton personal experience with hemiparesis; established a "home" for physically impaired and used "occupation" to assist with pt recovery
William Dunton wrote a manual for nurses regarding the use of OT in recovery; credited for being the first national association for OT; focused was with the psy setting
Eleanor Clark Slagle One of the founders of OT; emphasized the need for balance between work, rest and play; promoted "habit training"
Adolph Meyer promoter of OT and worked with Eleanor Slagle; credited with organizing the first model of human occupations
Benjamin Rush "Father of American Psychiatry" encouraged "occupations"
Benjamin Rush "pioneer" in OT; Used activities such as ironing, washing, cutting wood and gardening
Clare Spackman and Helen Willard wrote the 1st OT textbook in 1947
Jean Ayers incorporated her understanding of sensory experiences in OT
Mary Riley challenged the profession to continue to utilize occupations as it grew and changed
Wilma West encouraged the progression to seek out treatment interventions that would respond to the changing needs of society
Ann Mosey author of OT publications/promoted the need for research
World War II OTA was born/ "rehab movement"
According to AOTA the philosophical base of OT man is an active being whose development is influenced by purposeful activity, using their capacity for intrinsic motivation, human beings are able to influence their physical & mental health and social and physical environment through purposeful activity
Altruism individuals ability to put the needs of others before their own
Equality the desire to promote fairness in interactions with others
Freedom the desires of the client guides the intervention; allows choices, independence, and self direction
Justice fair and impartial manner
Dignity promotion and preservation of the individuality by assisting the client to engage in meaningful occupations regardless of their disability
Prudence clinical and ethical reasoning skills, sound judgement, and reflection to make decisions to direct on in their areas of practice
Ethical distress may occur when the practitioner and client/family/others have different opinions regarding the goals of care
Ethical dilemma may occur where there is conflict between ethical beliefs and choices that appear to be morally unacceptable; practitioner has to choose between X and Y but can not to both
Ethical Choices Identify the ethical question, alternatives, problem solve, select and act on best choice, justify the choice and evaluate results
OT Code of Ethics (7 Principles) Beneficience, Nonmaleficence, Autonomy and Confidentiality, Social Justice, Procedure Justice, Veracity, Fidelity
Beneficience demonstrate a concern for the safety and well-being of the recipients of their service
Nonmaleficence intentionally refrain from actions that cause harm
Autonomy and Confidentiality respect the rights of the individual to self determination
Social Justice provide services in a fail and equitable manner
Created by: Terrie2014