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Ceramics Vocabulary/study for FINAL

Coils Rope like pieces of clay
Leather hard Clay that is dry enough but still damp enough to be joined to other pieces of clay.
Greenware VERY fragile unfired pottery, dry enough to be fired. Also known as Bone Dry.
Throwing Forming clay on a potters wheel
Clay A decomposed granite-type rock. Contains fine particles that allow it to be plastic and impurities which affect color and firing temps.
Fire To heat clay in a kiln
Bone Dry Unfired VERY FRAGILE pottery which is ready to be fired. Also known as Greenware.
Form Three dimensional shape and structure of an object.
Functional Having a specific purpose, use or task other than being decorative.
Gloss A shiny surface
Bisque Unglazed clay, fired once at a low temperature.
Glaze A glossy coating that has been melted onto a ceramic surface. It is used to decorate the piece and seal the clay surfaces.
Slip A liquid form of clay used as a glue or decoration.
Plasticity Quality of clay that allows it to be manipulated and still maintain its shape without cracking or sagging.
Handbuilding One of the oldest craft techniques in which objects are constructed out of clay.
Wedging Method of kneading clay to make it homogenous; ridding the clay of all air pockets.
Sgraffito Cover clay with contrasting color of slip or underglaze and carve or incise a line or pattern into the surface.
Non-Functional Decorative object
Matte NOT shiny
Underglaze Colored decoration applied to bisqued or raw clay, then coated with clear glaze once it is fired.
Incising Indenting a line into a flat surface.
TRUE or False; Trapped air in clay is a DESIRABLE thing. FALSE
TRUE or False; A bisque fire is generally much hotter than a glaze fire. FALSE
TRUE or False; Clay work should be no thicker than your thumb. TRUE
TRUE or False; Hammerature is a type of clay construction. FALSE
TRUE or False; Pottery was one of the first art forms explored by humankind. TRUE
TRUE or False; Clay must be covered with a plastic bag to keep it from drying out. TRUE
TRUE or False; Underglaze is colored slip. TRUE
TRUE or False; Slabware works best when slabs are at leatherhard stage. TRUE
TRUE or False: Bone-Dry and Greenware are the same thing. TRUE
TRUE or False; Hollowing out sculptural forms allows air to escape, helping prevent it from exploding. TRUE
TRUE or False; In order for clay to stick together it MUST be scored and slipped together while clay is moist or leather hard. TRUE
TRUE or FALSE; Kilns are built of metal to hold the heat longer. FALSE
TRUE or False; Clay dust is harmful if you are exposed to it for a long time. TRUE
TRUE or False; The 3 stages of hardness are Wet or raw clay, Leather hard and Bisque ware. FALSE
TRUE or FALSE; Clay is wedged to remove air bubbles, achieve uniform consistency and line up the microscopic particles of clay. TRUE
TRUE or FALSE; Unfired glaze should be removed from the bottom of a piece of pottery with sandpaper. FALSE
Created by: westphotography