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literature shit

alliteration the repetition of the same consonant sounds at the beginnings of nearby words
allusion a brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature
ballad a song transmitted orally from generation to generation, that tells a story and that eventually is written down
carpe diem "seize the day" - a common literary theme that emphasizes the shortness of life, and suggests that one should make the most of present pleasures
cliches ideas or expressions that have become trite and tired from overuse
colloquially in a conversational manner that may include using slang expressions not usually used by the culture
connotations associations and implications that go beyond a word's literal meanings and are based on context
cosmic irony writer that uses God, destiny, or fate to dash the hopes and expectations of a character
dramatic irony difference between what a character believes or says and what the reader or audience knows to be true
English(Shakespearean)sonnet rhyming "abab cdcd efef gg"
epic a long narrative poem on a serious subject describing heroic deeds and important events
extended metaphor all parts of the poem consist of a series of related metaphors
figure of speech a way of saying one thing in terms of something else
haiku Japanese poetry that presents an intense emotion or a vivid image of nature; 5,7,5
imabic a foot of poetry going from one unstressed to one stressed syllable
image a word, phrase, of figure of speech that addresses the five senses
implied metaphor a comparison in which the terms being compared are not specifically explained
irony uses situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true
Italian sonnet presents a situation, attitude, or problem that resolves; rhymes "abbaabba cdcdcd ee"
jargon a category of language defined by a trade or profession
limerick a light, humorous style of poetry; "aabba"
lyric expresses personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker mostly about love or death
metaphor comparison between two unlike things without using like or as
narrative poem poem that tells a story
onomatopoeia use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes
overstatement/hyperbole exaggeration used for an effect
oxymoron a condensed from of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together
paradox appears to be self-contradictory, but that on closer inspection turns out to make sense
paraphrase a restatement of the central idea of a poem in your own language
parody a humorous imitation of another's work
personification comparing human characteristics to nonhuman things
picture poem where the poem becomes a picture of what the poem is describing
pun play on words the rely on a word having more than one meaning or sounding like another word
rhyme two or more words or phrases that repeat the same sounds
satire ridiculing a folly in order to expose or correct it
simile comparison of two things using words such as like and as
situational irony a twist on what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension
sonnet form of lyric poetry consisting of 14 lines
stanza grouping of lines that has a set pattern of meter and rhyme
symbol something that represents something else
theme a central idea or meaning
tone author's attitude toward the subject
understatement figure of speech which less is said than is intended
verbal irony figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing but means the opposite
Created by: heathafeatha



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