Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter twenty-one**

Physiology

QuestionAnswer
The enzyme that converts carbon dioxide and water into carbonic acid is ___. carbonic anhydrase
___ are chemicals that prevent sharp changes in pH when an acid or base is added to a solution. Buffers
If a strong acid such as HCl were added to the buffer pair NaHCO3 and H2CO3, the NaHCO3 would become ___. H2CO3
If a strong base such as NaOH were added to the buffer pair in question 3, the H2CO3 would become ___. NaHCO3
The part of the nephron that is important in regulation of blood pH is the ___. distal tubule
When Na2HPO4 is used by the kidney to remove hydrogen ions from the blood, the end product that leaves the body in the urine is ___. NaH2PO4
When ammonia is used by the kidney to remove hydrogen ions from the blood, the end product that leaves the body in the urine is ___. NH4Cl
The kidney is more effective in pH regulation than the lung because it can remove ___, which the lung cannot. base
The condition in which the blood pH is higher than normal is called ___. alkalosis
The condition in which the blood pH is lower than normal is called ___. acidosis
In order for the buffer pair to function correctly, the concentration of NaHCO3 must be ___ times greater than the concentration of H2CO3. 20
Metabolic disturbances usually have an effect on the ___ part of the buffer pair. NaHCO3
Respiratory disturbances usually have an effect on the ___ part of the buffer pair. H2CO3
Severe vomiting is a metabolic disturbance that can cause metabolic ___. alkalosis
Increase or decrease When a fixed acid is buffered in the blood, the amount of NaHCO3 in the blood ___. decreases
Increase or decrease When a fixed acid is buffered in the blood, the amount of hydrogen ions in the blood ___. increases
Increase or decrease When a fixed acid is buffered in the blood, the amount of H2CO3 in the blood ___. increases
Increase or decrease When a fixed acid is buffered in the blood, the pH of the blood ___. decreases
Increase or decrease Anything that causes an excessive increase in the respiration rate causes the pH of the blood to ___. increase
Increase or decrease Anything that causes an appreciable decrease in the respiration rate causes the pH of the blood to ___. decrease
Created by: hakej
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards