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Chapter twenty*

Physiology

QuestionAnswer
The extracellular fluid compartment is composed of ___ and ___. interstitial fluid;plasma
The largest volume of water in the human body is contained in which fluid compartment? intracellular
The body's chief mechanism for maintaining fluid balance is to adjust its ___. fluid output
The body has three sources of fluid intake; the liquids we drink, the foods we eat, and ___/ water from catabolism
The four organs from which fluid output occurs are the ___, ___, ___, and ___. kidneys, skin, lungs, intestines
Urine volume is regulated by three hormones: ADH released from the pituitary gland, ___ released from the adrenal cortex, and ___ released from the heart. aldosterone;atrial natriuretic hormone
When electrolytes dissociate in water, they form charged particles called ___. ions
The most abundant negatively charged particle in the blood is ___. chloride
The most abundant positively charged particle in the blood is ___. sodium
T/F In general, an obese person has more water per pound of body weight than a slim person. False
T/F In general, a man has less water per pound of body weight than a woman. True
T/F In general, an infant has less water per pound of body weight than an adult. False
Created by: hakej