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Chapter nineteen **

Physiology

QuestionAnswer
The kidneys receive about ___ % of the total amount of blood pumped by the heart each minute. 20
The renal corpuscle is made up of two structures, the ___ and the ___. Bowman capsule;glomerulus
The two parts of the renal tubules that extend into the medulla of the kidney are the ___ and the ___. Henle loop;collecting tube
The two parts of the renal tubules that are in the cortex of the kidney are the ___ and the ___. Proximal convoluted tubule;distal convoluted tubule
The process of ___ is the movement of substances out of the renal tubules and into the blood capillaries. reabsorption
The process of ___ causes substances in the glomerulus to be pushed into the Bowman capsule as a result of blood pressure. filtration
The process of ___ is the movement of substances from the blood into the distal tubule or collecting tube. Secretion
The hormone ___ is released from the posterior pituitary gland and reduces the amount of water lost in the urine. ADH
The hormone ___ is produced in the heart and stimulates the tubules to secrete sodium. Atrial natriuretic hormone
The hormone ___ is made in the adrenal cortex and causes the tubules to absorb sodium. Aldosterone
A physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of the urine is called a ___. urinalysis
Small mineral deposits or cells found in a urine sample are called ___. casts
The involuntary muscle, ___, is at the exit of the bladder. internal urethral sphincter
___ is a condition in which the bladder is able to empty itself but no urine is being produced by the kidneys. suppression
___ is a condition in which a person voids urine involuntarily. incontinence
___ is a condition in which the bladder is full and the kidney is producing urine but the bladder is unable to empty itself. retention
Created by: hakej