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Literary Terms

concrete details a direct quote from the story that supports or answers a question in support of the main idea
adjectives words that describe nouns
adverbs words that describe adjectives, verbs and other adverbs
alliteration a pattern of sound that includes the repetition of initial consonant sounds
analogy is a comparison in which a subject is likened to something or someone far different. The comparison is usually done with the aim of clarifying a subject or idea
antecedent a word or phrase which comes before in a sentence and is referred to later in the same sentence
declaratives a sentence which is a mere statement of fact
ellipsis A punctuation mark of 3 periods in a line revealing that something has been left out or already understood by the reader. Words that describe nouns
exclamations a statement showing surprise, or astonishment
flashback a method of increasing tension by referring to an earlier event
foreshadowing a method used to build suspense by providing hints of what is to come
generalization is a broad statement about an entire group
hyperbole a figure of speech in which an overstatement or exaggeration occurs
imagery figurative language using sensory words
imperatitives a statement which gives a command
infer to judge based on reasoning rather than on direct or explicit statement
interrogatives asks a question
irony a literary term referring to how a person, situation, statement, or circumstance is not as it would actually seem. Many times it is the exact opposite of what it appears to be
metaphor a figure of speech wherein a comparison is made between two unlike quantities without the use of the words "like" or "as"
nouns words that name a person, place or thing
onomatopoeia a literary device wherein the sound of a word echoes the sound it represents
parable a brief story, told or written in order to teach a moral lesson
parallelism a repetition of sentences, phrases or words using the same structure
personification a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human characteristics
phrase group of words not a complete sentence
preposition a word used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word
pronouns words which can take the place of nouns
simile figure of speech, a comparison between two unlike quantities using the words "like" or "as"
understatement a statement which lessens or minimizes the importance of what is meant
verbs a word showing action; state of being
Created by: Isa



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