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CPV1Y

ATA Installation Fact Sheet 3.2.3

QuestionAnswer
What does the term ATA mean? AT attachment
What does the term IDE mean? Integrated Drive Electronics
What does the term PATA mean? Parallel AT attachment
What does the term EIDE mean? Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
What does the term CS mean? Cable select
The terms IDE and ATA are typically used interchangeably to identify a specific interface for connecting what? Hard drives and other devices
IDE devices were followed by which version?, and then a newer ATA has become the de-facto standard? Enhanced, EIDE
What version followed EIDE and has become the de-facto standard? A newer ATA.(ATA-4)
ATA drives are sometimes referred to as What? Ultra ATA drives
With the introduction of the serial ATA standards, ATA is now often referred to as what? Parallel ATA (PATA)
In practice, what terms are used interchangeably, although there are differences in the standards? IDE, EIDE, ATA, and PATA
Original IDE/EIDE standards provided support for only which device types? Hard disks
Optical and tape drive support was added through the which extensions? ATAPI
How are ATA speed measurements defined? In MB/s
Earlier ATA speeds were what? 33 MB/s
Earlier ATA speeds were 33 MB/s and then what speed followed? 66 MB/s
Newer ATA devices can run at which two speeds? 100 MB/s, and 133 MB/s
last generation of ATA devices are running as fast as what? 166 MB/s
Which drives require a compatible controller to function optimally? Ultra ATA
Which drives require a compatible ATA cable, which is usually backwards compatible with older devices? Ultra ATA
how many devices can each ATA channel accommodate? two
What do most motherboards have an integrated? , allowing for the connection of up to four drives (two per connector) ATA host adapter
How many ATA connectors do most motherboards have? One or two
How many ATA drives do most motherboards accommodate? up to four drives
If most motherboards allow up to four ATA drive to be connected, how many can be added per connector? Two
What else can you do to increase the number of devices? Install an adapter card in an available bus slot
Where is the ATA controller integrated? Onto the drive
Each device must be identified either as the primary device on the chain, or the secondary device. What is another name for primary and secondary device? Master and slave
Which device is the device whose controller is active? Master
The master controller is used to control which device as well? Slave
Use jumpers on the drive to identify which relationship? Master/slave
What is the drive setting that sometimes is the same as the master drive setting? Single drive setting
What is another method used to configure a single drive if the drive is the only one on the chain? Special jumper position
Which setting chooses a master or a slave drive based upon its position on the cable? Cable select(CS)
For CS what is the name of the drive on the end? Master
For CS what is the name of the drive in the middle of the cable? Slave
Most drives include a diagram that identifies the jumper position for which settings? Master/slave
Older IDE devices use a ribbon cable with how many wires? 40-wire
Newer ATA devices (ATA/66 and higher) use a ribbon cable with how many wires? 80-wire
Which cable is backwards compatible with 40-wire devices? 80-wire
Do not use a 40-wire connector for which device? ATA/66 or higher
Cable select(CS) will not work with which cable? 40-wire
Which cable is required to use the cable select (CS) feature? 80-wire
Which type of cable is usually a flat ribbon type cable with three connectors? IDE
Which type of cable is usually a flat ribbon type cable with three connectors, one at each end and another about one-third of the way from the drive side connector? IDE
The IDE cable is usually a flat ribbon type cable with three connectors. What is the color of the motherboard connector? Blue
The IDE cable is usually a flat ribbon type cable with three connectors. What is the color of the Primary drive connector? Black
The IDE cable is usually a flat ribbon type cable with three connectors. What is the color of the secondary drive connector? Gray
The wire to be connected to pin 1 is designated with what on the ribbon cable? A stripe
What do most connectors have that prevents you from installing the cable backwards? A key tab
On older systems, you might need to match pin 1 on the cable with pin 1 on what? The connector
ATA devices get power from which type of connectors? 4-pin Molex
When adding devices, configure the newest, fastest device as what? The master
To increase performance, what should you put each drive on configured as a single drive? Its own channel
it is common practice to install a hard drive on one channel and which type of device on a different channel? CD-ROM drive
True or false, to increase performance, ensure that two devices do not share the same channel. For example, the slower CD-ROM drive will not affect the data transfer of the faster hard disk? True
In most cases, what is configured to automatically detect the drive parameters? The BIOS
If the drive is not detected, what might you need to edit to configure the drive parameters? The CMOS settings
What is the most common reason why a storage device isn't working properly? Loose connection
If you have a connector that has lost its ability to stay intact, you may consider using what on the outside of it to secure it in place? A small dot of glue
How many different types of ribbon cables have been used in IDE storage devices over the years? Two
Which type of devices use a 40-wire cable with a 40-pin connector? EIDE
Which type of devices use an 80-wire cable with a 40-pin connector? PATA
Using the wrong ribbon cable can lead to what problem? Device malfunction
Which relationships if incorrectly configured, will cause a storage device to not work properly? Master/slave
Make sure that if you have two devices attached to a PATA port, one is set as master and the other is set to what? Slave
Created by: john316