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Civil War Test
|Who was elected president of the United States just before the start of the Civil War?
|How did the Union blockade of the Charleston harbor affect South Carolina?
|It made it hard for the Confederacy to get supplies to and from South Carolina.
|What effect did Sherman's March have on South Carolina?
|Many homes and cities were destroyed.
|What state had Sherman's forces marched through before they reached South Carolina?
|Who was elected president for the Confederacy?
|The members of South Carolina's Secession Convention of 1860 decided to do which of the following?
|secede from the United States
|South Carolina was the ________ state to secede from the Union.
|Where is Fort Sumter located?
|Which coastal city is home to the H.L. Hunley and Fort Sumter, where the Civil War began?
|Which invention caused cotton production in South Carolina to go up quickly after the year 1800?
|the cotton gin
|What was the effect of the cotton gin on slavery?
|increase in slavery
|What was the cotton gin used for?
|separating seeds from raw cotton
|If the cotton gin had not been invented, what effect would that have had on slavery?
|The number of enslaved Africans would have stayed relatively the same.
|What was the Underground Railroad?
|A series of hidden pathways that helped enslaved African Americans get to the north so they could be free
|What would be different in history had South Carolina not seceded from the Union?
|A lot of lives could have been saved. It might have taken longer for slavery to be abolished.
|Who were abolitionists?
|people who did not want slavery
|Where were the escaping slaves trying to travel to by following the Underground Railroad?
|What did the Confederacy do when Union troops would not leave Fort Sumter?
|fired shots toward Fort Sumter
|Who were Sarah and Angelina Grimke?
|What was Robert Smalls known for doing?
|Robert Smalls was known for sailing a Confederate ship through the harbor to freedom.
|Explain what the Hunley was developed for and if it succeeded in accomplishing its mission.
|The Hunley was developed to stop the blockade of the Charleston Harbor. The Hunley sank the enemy warship, the Housatonic. However, the Hunley also sank. Therefore, it did not stop the blockade.
|Use the term "states' rights" to explain why South Carolina wanted to secede from the Union.
|South Carolinians believed that each state had the right to decide whether or not to obey national laws.