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Arkansas CBA 1-7

EOC Review

computer software created to allow the user to perform specific a job or task Examples: Word processing, Spreadsheets, Database, and Graphics software Application software
executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several processing components, which determines the computer's operating speed; the "brain" of a computer Central Processing Unit (CPU)
A program on a computer that allows the user to create, edit, view, print, rename, copy, or delete files, folders, or an entire file System File management
an extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create a document i.e., Word files end in .doc and Excel files end in .xls File type
data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone, scanner, flash drive, or mouse Input device
action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password; also called Login/Sign In Logon
computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory Memory
system software that acts as a "go-between", allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other Operating system
allows the user to view or listen to the data a computer processes such as a monitor, printer, headphones, or speakers Output device
additional hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used Examples: Scanner, Webcam, Computer joystick Peripheral
storing data for later use Save
a feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file (such as location, file name, or file type) before saving it Save As
external hardware used to store and retrieve data, such as a disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive Storage device
software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software, and file management Examples: BIOS, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, or utility software System software
a computer case that contains the CPU, power supply, memory, and storage System unit
how the edges of a line, paragraph, object, or table are positioned horizontally and vertically between the margins or on a page Alignment
sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest Ascending
a feature that automatically generates a new page, allowing text to flow to the new page when space runs out on the previous one; also known as a Soft Page Break Automatic Page Break
lines around the edge(s) of text, a page, a cell, or a table Borders
a feature in a word processing application that allows the user to create outlines or itemized lists with either icons or Bullets and Numbering
a feature that includes pre-made illustrations, drawings, pictures, and other graphic that can be inserted into a document Clip Art
one of two or more vertical sections of printed material on a page; usually separated by margins Column
a feature that allows a user to select text or a graphic, duplicate it and place it in another location within a document Copy and Paste
a feature that allows a user to select text or a graphic, remove it from its current location and place it in another location within a document Cut and paste
sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A, largest to smallest, or latest to earliest Descending
through the use of a personal computer, combining text and graphics to produce a high-quality documents, such as newsletters, flyers, brochures, etc. Desktop publishing
a feature that allows a user to select text using a mouse or pointing device, and quickly move (drag) it to a different location Drag and Drop
to make changes by adding, deleting, or modifying text, graphics, or other items in a document Edit
a feature that scans a document, searches for occurrences of specific text, symbols or formatting, and allows a user to replace it with new text, symbols or formatting Find and Replace
the size, style, and design of text Font
text appearing at the bottom of each page, separate from the main body of a text Footer
in word processing, to utilize features that enhance the appearance and overall layout of text, graphics, tables within a document Format
drawings, pictures, or other illustrations inserted in a document to either explain data or enhance the appearance of text on a page Graphics
a break in a line or a paragraph that is forced by the user when the return key is pressed, creating a new paragraph Hard Return
text appearing at the top of each page, separate from the main body of text Header
to move text horizontally away from the left or right margin, setting it apart from surrounding text Indent
a page layout in which documents are printed across the length of a page, making the page wider than it is tall Landscape orientation
the amount of space between lines of text Line spacing
a page break the end user forces into a document, creating a new page at a specific location; also known as a Hard Page Break Manual Page Break
the white space surrounding the content of a page at the top, bottom, left and right sides, defining where a line of text begins and ends Margins
a feature that allows the user to view a document onscreen and make necessary formatting changes prior to printing it Print Preview
the measurement, or size of a font (text); each point is approximately 1/72 of an inch Point size
a page layout in which documents are printed across the width of a page, making the page taller than it is wide Portrait Orientation
the background color of a cell, table, or page Shading/Fill
to arrange a list alphabetically (text) or numerically (numbers), in ascending or descending order Sort
a feature used to automatically locate and correct spelling errors Spell Check
a formatting feature that allows the user to control where a line of text will be entered and how the text will be aligned; so that when the tab key is pressed, the insertion point will move to that location Tab Stop
a set of data arranged in a grid of rows and columns Table
a feature that includes pre-made documents that allow the user to fill-in-the blanks to create new documents, such as calendars, invoices, reports, resumes, etc.; enhances user's efficiency and creativity Template
a feature that allows the user to view synonyms and antonyms, and automatically replace words for enhanced writing Thesaurus
a feature that allows the user to view the current page of a document onscreen in a different ways Example: Normal view, Page Layout, Web Layout, etc. View
the use of software application to create, edit, format, print and save text-based documents, such as letters, reports, and memos Word processing
also called a soft return; a feature that automatically moves text to the next line when the previous line is full without the user pressing the enter key Word Wrap
text created as a graphic image Word/Text art
a feature that allows text to be included with pictures, shapes, or tables without covering or hiding under the image, giving the user control over how the text is position Wrap Text
cell reference that does not adjust to the new cell location when copied or moved Absolute cell reference
a selected worksheet cell that is ready for data entry Active cell
the position of data within a cell Alignment
value, cell reference, range, or text that acts as an operand in a function formula Argument
sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest Ascending
a function that automatically adds the values in the cells directly above or to the left of the active cell Autosum
returns the average (arithmetic means) of its arguments AVERAGE
the space formed by the intersection of a row and a column; the basic unit of a worksheet Cell
a unique identifier for a cell which is formed by combining the cell's column letter and row number Cell reference
a graphic representation of values and their relationships: pie, line, column, bar, scattered Chart/graph
a vertical group of cells in a worksheet identified by letters Column
a chart that uses bars of varying height to illustrate values in a worksheet Column chart
returns the number of cells in a range that contains numbers COUNT
sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A, largest to smallest, or latest to earliest Descending
to copy a cell's contents and/or formatting into an adjacent cell or range Fill
arranging the shape, size, type, and general makeup of a cell or group of cells Format
an equation that calculates a new value using values currently on a worksheet Formula
keeps selected rows or columns visible on the screen as the rest of the worksheet scrolls Freeze
a prewritten formula that makes it easy to perform common calculations Function
alphanumeric text that will not be used in calculations Label
a chart that uses points connected by a line to illustrate values in a worksheet Line chart
returns the largest value in a set of values MAX
returns the smallest value in a set of values MIN
a cell reference that contains both relative and absolute references Mixed cell reference
a number or cell reference used in a formula Operand
a symbol that indicates what mathematical operation to perform on the operands: plus (+), minus (-), multiply (*), divide (/) Operator
the mathematical rules used for calculating the value of a formula Order of operation
a chart that shows the relationship of a part to a whole Pie chart
selected group of cells on a worksheet identified by the cell in the upper left corner and the cell in the lower right corner, separated by a colon Range
cell reference that adjusts to a new location when copied or moved Relative cell reference
a horizontal group of cells in a worksheet identified by numbers Row
to arrange a list of words or numbers in ascending or descending order Sort
a grid of rows and columns containing numbers, text, and formulas used to perform calculations Spreadsheet
adds all the numbers in a range of cells SUM
numeric characters that can be used in a calculation Value
process of changing values in cells to see how those changes affect the outcome of formulas in the worksheet What-if analysis
a collection of related worksheets Workbook
the workspace made up of columns and rows where data is entered to create an electronic spreadsheet Worksheet
sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest Ascending
a collection of organized data that allows access, retrieval, and use of data Database
indicates the type of data that can be stored in a field Data type
sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A, from largest to smallest, or from latest to earliest Descending
single characteristic of data that appears in a table as a column Field
a name that identifies a field Field name
a database view that allows the user to see all fields for one record and enter them one at a time Form
a field that uniquely identifies a record in a table Primary key
a question presented in a way that allows the database to process and generate specific data from one or more tables Query
a collection of fields that appear as a row in a database or table Record
document that uses data from tables and/or queries; the user controls which items in the database will appear in the report and how it is filtered or sorted Report
to arrange a list of words or numbers in ascending or descending order Sort
a database view of information arranged in a grid of rows and columns Table
the way text and objects move on and off a slide during a slide show Animation
prepared designs that can be applied to presentation slides that include patterns, formatting, and color schemes Design template/theme
an image or object created or inserted into a document that illustrates the text or makes the page more attractive Graphic
a print option that allows you to choose the number of slides displayed per page and places a thumbnail, or small picture, of each slide on the page Handouts
the default view in a presentation, which contains the slide pane, the outline pane, the task pane, and the notes pane Normal view
printouts that contain the slide image in the top half of the page and the speaker's notes in the lower half of the page Notes page
a view that displays text in an outline format Outline view
a boxed outline on a slide that can be used to insert text or an object when clicked Placeholder
an application that allows the user to create and save slides to use as a slide show Presentation
the arrangement of placeholders on a slide Slide layout
runs slides as they will appear during a presentation Slide show view
a view that displays all slides simultaneously in miniature form Slide sorter view
a feature that can be applied in presentations to control the way slides move on and off the screen Transition
the file that an object is embedded in or linked to Destination/source file
a file that becomes part of the current file but is a separate object that can be edited using the application that created it Embedded file
the sharing or combining of data between applications Integration
placing a copy of an object or data in a destination file that will update when changes are made to the source file Linking
a feature that combines a data document with a main document to mass produce personalized letters or other documents Merge
transmission of messages and files using a computer network Electronic mail (e-mail)
a document generated by using a facsimile machine Fax
a vast network of computers linked to one another Internet
a company's private network of computers Intranet
a computer network that covers a small area Local Area Network (LAN)
computers that are connected to each other Network
computers that are connected and ready to receive and/or transmit data Online
the rules that must be observed for two electronic devices to communicate with each other Protocol
a computer that is not connected to a network Stand alone
transmitting information and communicating electronically Telecommunications
Internet address that identifies hypertext documents Uniform Resource Locator ( URL)
a system of computers that share information by means of links on web pages World Wide Web (WWW)
Created by: BETTSG
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