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17 chapter*

Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Food undergoes three kinds of processing in the body. All cells perform metabolism, but ___ and ___ are performed by the digestive system. digestion, absorption
The ___ layer of the wall of the gastrointestinal tract produces peristalsis.. Muscularis
The ___ layer of the wall of the gastrointestinal tract contains blood vessels and nerves. Submucosa
___ is the innermost layer of the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. Mucosa
___ is the outermost layer of the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. Serosa
The ___ and ___ prevent food and liquids from entering the nasal cavity above the mouth when food is swallowed. Uvula, soft palate
The three main parts of the tooth are ___, ___, and ___. Crown, neck, root
The three salivary glands are the ___, ___, ___. Parotid, submandibular, sublingual
The tube connecting the mouth and stomach is the ___ Esophagus
The three divisions of the stomach are the ___, ___, and ___ Fundus, body, pylorus
The three divisions of the small intestines are the ___, ___, and ___ Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
The tiny finger-like projections covering the plicae of the small intestines are called ___ Villi
The lymphatic vessels in the villi are called the ___ Lacteals
The common bile duct is formed by the union of the ___ from the liver and the ___ from the gallbladder. Common hepatic duct, cystic duct
The part of the large intestine between the descending colon and the rectum is called the ___ Sigmoid colon
The two most prominent extensions of the peritoneum are the ___ and the ___ Mesentary, greater omentum
The process by which digested food is moved from the digestive system to the circulating fluids is called ___ absorption
Created by: hakej