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AD Art

Basic vocabulary of art

Line Path of a point moving through space
Vertical line Included in medieval churches to promote spiritual awe
Shape Two-dimensional area of an object
Form Three-dimensional area of an object
Organic shapes Freeform or irregularly shaped objects
Shading and lighting Used on the contours of a two-dimensional shape to create the illusion of form
Aerial and atmospheric perspective Accounts for air changing the appearance of distant objects
Vanishing point Point in a painting where lines converge and disappear
Hue Name of a color
Secondary colors Colors formed by mixing two of the three primary colors
Color wheel Sir Isaac Newton invented this tool in the seventeenth century to organize colors
Value Lightness or darkness of a color or neutral
Neutrals Black, white, and the grey continuum
Intensity Brightness or purity of a color
Relativity Property that makes one color look different next to another color
Optical color Effects of special light upon colors
Actual and visual Types of texture in art
Rhythm Sense of movement created in an artwork through repetition of elements
Motif Single element of pattern repeated to create rhythm
Focal point Place in a composition where the eye tends to rest
Proportion Size relationship among parts of a composition
The human figure The Classical Greeks used this standard as the measure of all things
Paper Modern artists most often draw upon this common, wood-based surface
Charcoal Drawing medium that is so soft the color of the paper shows through in areas where it is lightly applied
Hatching and crosshatching Shading that uses lines
Stippling Shading that uses a pattern of dots
Pastels Drawing medium that is soft and was popular for portraiture; came into heavy use around 1700s
Intaglio printmaking Printmaking process in which lines are incised into a matrix
Lithography Printmaking process that utilizes the oil-resistant nature of water
Screen printing Printmaking process in which ink is forced through stenciled silk with a squeegee
Pigments, binders, and solvents Materials that combine to make paint
Buon fresco Technique in which paint is applied to wet plaster
Impasto Thickly applied lumpy oil paint
Encaustic Wax-based paint fused with irons to Egyptian grave markers
Tempera, watercolor, and gouache Commonly used types of water-based paints
Oil paint and turpentine Some artists are allergic to these two substances, making acrylic paint important
Photography Development that caused painters to strive for hyper-realism
Carving, modeling, casting, and construction Basic ways of creating sculpture
Relief, intaglio, lithographic, and screen prints Printmaking processes that involve a "matrix" upon which the printed image is initially generated
Carving Bits of the original material are removed; subtractive sculpting
Collage Artwork that consists of a combination of any material that can be stuck to a surface
Masks and ceremonial costumes Traditional artwork that can also be considered mixed media
Performance art Emphasizes a unique, unrepeatable experience
Pinching, coiling, slab, and throwing Types of pottery processes
Slip Liquid clay applied to solid clay pieces to make them stick together
Kiln Special oven used for firing clay pieces
Knitting, crocheting, and braiding Weaving techniques that do not require a loom
Silica Glass is most often made from this material
Glassblowing Vases and bottles formed out of glass through this method
Architects Specialists who design structures and buildings
Post-and-lintel construction A long piece of stone or wood is placed horizontally upon two upright pieces
Steel and concrete Materials favored for urban developments
Created by: Cloud926