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Photoshop MH

QuestionAnswer
bitmap a set of bits that represent a graphic image, with each bit or group of bits corresponding to a pixel in the image
feather the process of softening the edges of an image in the foreground so that it blends into the background image with less contrast.
CMYK a color image made up of color in the cyan, magenta, yellow and black channels. used for printing full color on an offset press.
filter created special effects that maybe applied to an image or image layer.
flatten irreversible process that combines all layers and reduces the file size.
GIF file format graphics interchange format. format for storing bit-map graphics data which uses a lossless technique to compress the data. lossless compression reduces the file size without losing any of the data about the image.
gradients 2 or more colors that gradually blend into each other
grayscale a scale of acromatic colors having several gradations ranging from white to black
high resolution image contains a high pixel count, resulting in a higher quality image.
JPG (JPEG) file format Joint Photographic Experts Group. name of the committee that developed the format.
layer working surface of a photoshop image, like a transparent sheet that sorts the paint and effects.
low resolution a low pixel count in an image resulting in a low quality image.
magic wand tool a selection tool that selects pixels with similar values to the pixel that the artist clicks on.
mask the area around the mask is protected from the change and the area of the mask may be changed. the mask itself cannot be printed but a masked image can be printed.
merge to group one or more layers or objects in a layer together.
mode the color structure of an image. examples are CMYK, RGB, Grayscale or indexed.
palette the basic photoshop tool icons that help you modify and monitor images. each palette performs a specific function and may be positioned and resized as desired.
pixel the smallest component of an image or picture (usually a colored dot). short for Picture Element
preset a setting in photoshop that has been placed/installed in the menu bar for you, so that you don't have to repeatedly create these particular settings for a project.
PSD file format photoshop doc, saves all the data in the photoshop file.
rastor graphic an image made up of a rectangular grid of pixels. this type of graphic distorts when enlarged
RAW file format raw data format, can't be used in photoshop and could not be printed or modified
resampling changing the number of pixels in a graphic file to match the new screen area occupied by the image; this changes the size of the graphic file.
resolution # of pixels per square inch on a computer-generated display
RGB a color image made up of color in the Red, Green, and Blue Channels. Often used when printing digital color.
select to choose an object so that you can manipulate it in some way
swatch a preset group of colors on a palette.
thumbnail a miniature version of an image
TIF (TIFF) file format files that are used for storing bitmap images. this format is commonly used in multimedia applications.
toolbar at the top or bottom of the screen, displays buttons you can click to quickly choose a command.
vector graphic an image that uses geometrical primitives such as points, lines, curves, and polygons to represent images. this type of graphic is scalable and does not pixelize.
workspace area within photoshop program window that includes the entire window, from the command menus at the top of your screen to the status bar at the bottom.
selection made to preserve colors when converting images don't flatten
# of channels in the color modes: in bitmap, grayscale, duotone, indexed color 1
# of channels in the color modes: RGB, lab, multichannel 3
# of channels in the color modes: CMYK, multichannel 4
bitmap color pixels are either 100% black or 100% white.
bitmap color mode defined color mode that has no layers, filters or adjustment commands available. must convert to grayscale first
grayscale black, white, or up to 254 shades of gray. can be duotone, tritone, quadtone.
converting to this colormode saves the luminosity (light and dark) values of the picture but permanently deletes the color. grayscale
indexed color contains just one channel and a max number of 256 colors or shades in an 8-bit color table.
RGB color most versatile mode. mode in which digital cameras save your photos; only mode all photoshop tool options and filters are accessible; and the mode of choice for exporting to the web, cells, video, multimedia programs, and most inkjet printers
CMYK for commercial printing. edit docs in RGB then convert.
lab color 3 channel mode, developed to acheive consistency among various devices such as printers and displays. these files are device independent.
multi channel contains multiple 256-level grayscale channels (RGB-MC = RBG-CMY)
press * to hide/show all currently open panels including tools tab
press * to hide/show all currently open panels except tools shift tab
active layer layer you are currently working on
the photoshop *, located below the menu bar and options bar, is arranged to help you focus on creating and editing photos workspace
the options bar changes to reflect the tool currently selected on the * tools palete
* allows you to focus on certain parts of a photo zoom
photoshop keeps track of all your edits in the * palette history
the options bar also contains the * button that is clicked to access the file browsing and organization tool included with photoshop bridge
* are useful when the part of an image you wish to select fits into rectangular or elliptical shapes marquee tool
the * tools are used to draw a freehand selection border around objects. lasso
the * tool selects a rectangular or square portion of the image or photo rectangle marquee
the * tool allows you to select an ellipsis, oval, or circular area eliptical marquée
the * tool allows you to select a single row of pixels single row marquee
selecting the * means selecting everything in the image except the previous selection inverse
* softens the edges of the selection for blending into backgrounds
when you click the Color Libraries button, Photoshop displays a dialog box with other custom color systems, such as *, a standard color-matching system used by printers and designers for inks and papers pantone
the * tool paints the current foreground color on an image with strokes of color as you drag brush
the * tool samples color in a graphic or palette to assign a new foreground or background color eyedropper
a convenient way to select and edit colors is to use the *, which is usually docked below the navigation palette in the workspace color palette
the * is a matter of how bright the white is and how dark the black is exposure
a * tone is a deep reddish-brown tone applied to an entire image sepia
* mode uses different shades of gray in an image grayscale
the * tool removes blemishes and imperfections by sampling pixels around the spot spot healing brush
a * file contains unprocessed picture data from a digital camera's image sensor camera raw
the * command creates an exact copy of a layer on which you can make changes duplicate layer
the * tool allows you to select a single column of pixels single column marquee
(T/F) in photoshop, you can create and save a file as large as 10 GB F
(T/F) the # of channels in a doc has a major impact on its file size T
(T/F) layers are viewed from bottom to top F
(T/F) photoshop can insert detailed info into a photo if need be, even if it was not captureed from the original image F
(T/F) the default colors for the foreground and background colors are black and white T
(T/F) the curves command makes nonlinear adjustments via control points to make highlight, midtone, and shadow adjustments T
(T/F) the magic wand works with a setting called tolerance to determine the sensitivity level of what is being selected by this tool T
(T/F) filters can not be applied to smart objects F
(T/F) when you purge or clear states from the history panel, the most reecent state is left as the only state remaining T
(T/F) photoshop uses the image size dialog box to make choices about the number of pixels, doc size, and the resampling method T
(T/F) to move a shape or layer by just a little bit, select the move tool and then press a function key to nudge the object by one pixel F
(T/F) when you plan to print a photo professionally, you make have to convert it from one color mode to another T
(T/F) when a background is busy or shaded, it can be necessary to take some creative steps to remove it. T
what can be a color library for print output? hex, HSB, and trumatch
what color mode is most commonly used for displaying color images on a computer monitor? RGB
which menu option is selected to change the color mode of an image image > mode
when reusing an image for a project, what is the most effective way to have multiple sizes and effects for the image without damaging the original or creating additional documents use bridge
a color mode that uses user-defined colors with different tonal values and screen angles within a file instead of CMYK duotone
what is the common way to change the resolution of an image image size
which tools are most efficient for creating an outline of a baseball? oval tool
to switch between tools and add to previous selection, press what? shift key
* makes text uneditable rasterize
smart object you can scale, apply filters to, or edit its contents without altering the original file.
Created by: angeleyes07860