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DC1-6

Chapter 6 - Output

DefinitionTerm
LCD monitor or screen technology that uses a separate transistor to apply charges to each liquid crystal cell and thus displays high-quality color that is viewable from all angles. See also TFT (thin-film transistor) display. active-matrix display
Output device that looks like a printer or copy machine but provides the functionality of a printer, scanner, copy machine, and perhaps a fax machine. See also multifunction peripheral. all-in-one device
Defines a display's width relative to its height. aspect ratio
Component of a computer that produces music, speech, or other sounds, such as beeps. audio output device
The number of bits a video card uses to store information about each pixel. See also color depth. bit depth
Type of printing process that uses radio waves to transmit output to a printer. Bluetooth printing
Type of printer that prints information on paper in Braille for use by visually impaired users. Braille printer
Standard unit of luminous intensity. candela
Large, sealed glass tube whose front, the screen, is coated with dots of red, green, and blue phosphor material. cathode-ray tube (CRT)
The number of bits a video card uses to store information about each pixel. See also bit depth. color depth
Type of paper, used by most dot-matrix printers, which consists of thousands of pages connected together end to end. continuous-form paper
Difference in light intensity between the brightest white and darkest black that can be displayed on an LCD monitor. contrast ratio
Type of desktop monitor that contains a cathode-ray tube. CRT monitor
Output device that takes the text and images displaying on a computer screen and projects them on a larger screen so that an audience can see the image clearly. data projector
Projector that uses tiny mirrors to reflect light, which produces crisp, bright, colorful images that remain in focus and can be seen clearly, even in a well-lit room. digital light processing (DLP) projector
Thermal printer that uses heat to transfer colored dye to specially coated paper. See also dye-sublimation printer digital photo printer
Television that receives digital television signals and produces a higher-quality picture. digital television (DTV)
Output device that visually conveys text, graphics, and video information. See also display device. display
Output device that visually conveys text, graphics, and video information. See also display. display device
Port that is an alternative to DVI that also supports HDMI. DisplayPort
The distance in millimeters between pixels on a display device. See also pixel pitch. dot pitch
Type of impact printer that produces printed images when tiny wire pins on a print head mechanism strike an inked ribbon. dot-matrix printer
Printer resolution measurement of the number of dots a printer can print. dots per inch (dpi)
Video card port that enables digital signals to transmit directly to an LCD monitor. DVI (Digital Video Interface) port
Thermal printer that uses heat to transfer color dye to specially coated paper, creating images of photographic quality. See also digital photo printer. dye-sublimation printer
Audio output device that rests inside the ear canal. See also earphones. earbuds
Audio output device that rests inside the ear canal. See also earbuds. earphones
Display device with a shallow depth and flat screen that typically uses LCD or gas plasma technology. flat-panel display
Technology that sends resistance to a joystick or wheel in response to actions of the user. force feedback
Chip that controls the manipulation and display of graphics on a display device. graphics processing unit (GPU)
Printed information that exists physically and is a more permanent form of output than that presented on a display device (soft copy). See also printout. hard copy
Port that combines DVI with high-definition (HD) television and video. HDMI (High-Definition Media Interface) port
High-definition television; the most advanced form of digital television, working with digital broadcast signals, transmitting digital sound, supporting wide screens, and providing resolutions up to 1920 x 1080 pixels. HDTV
Display that uses OLED technology in a helmet, goggles, or glasses. head-mounted display
Audio output device that covers or is placed outside the ear. headphones
Device that functions as both headphones and a microphone. headset
The most advanced form of digital television, working with digital broadcast signals, transmitting digital sound, supporting wide screens, and providing resolutions up to 1920 x 1080 pixels. See also HDTV. high-definition television
Type of printer that forms characters and graphics on a piece of paper by striking a mechanism against an inked ribbon that physically contacts the paper. impact printer
Printing that uses infrared light waves to transmit output to a printer. infrared printing
Type of nonimpact printer that forms characters and graphics by spraying tiny drops of liquid ink on a piece of paper. ink-jet printer
Touch-sensitive device, resembling a dry-erase board, that displays the image on a connected computer screen. interactive whiteboard
Digital postage technology that allows users with an authorized postage account to buy and print digital postage. Internet postage
Small printer that prints on adhesive-type material that can be placed on items such as envelopes, packages, optical discs, photos, file folders, and toys. label printer
A printout that is wider than it is tall with information printed across the widest part of the paper. landscape orientation
Printer that creates photo-realistic quality color prints, used mainly by graphic artists. large-format printer
Type of high-speed, high-quality nonimpact printer that creates images using a laser beam and powdered ink called toner. laser printer
Desktop monitor that uses a liquid crystal display instead of a cathode-ray tube to produce images on a screen, resulting in a sharp, flicker-free display. LCD monitor
Projector that uses liquid crystal display technology that attaches directly to a computer and uses its own light source to display the information shown on the computer screen. LCD projector
Type of high-speed impact printer that prints an entire line at a time. line printer
Type of display that uses a liquid compound to present information on a display device. liquid crystal display (LCD)
Small, lightweight, battery-powered printer used by a mobile user to print from a notebook computer, smart phone, or other mobile device while traveling. mobile printer
Display device that is packaged as a separate peripheral. monitor
Display device capability in which information appears in one color on a different color background. monochrome
Output device that looks like a printer or copy machine but provides the functionality of a printer, scanner, copy machine, and perhaps a fax machine. See also all-in-one device. multifunction peripheral
The specific resolution for which an LCD is geared. native resolution
Printer output that is slightly less clear than what is acceptable for business letters. near letter quality (NLQ)
Unit of visible light intensity that is equal to one candela per square meter. nit
Type of printer that forms characters and graphics on a piece of paper without actually striking the paper. nonimpact printer
TFT technology that uses organic molecules that produce an even brighter, easier-to-read display than standard TFT displays. organic LED (OLED)
Data that has been processed into a useful form. output
Any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people. output device
Software that tells a printer how to lay out the contents of a printed page. page description language (PDL)
LCD monitor or screen technology that uses fewer transistors, requires less power, and is less expensive than an active-matrix display. passive-matrix display
Standard printer language that supports the fonts and layout used in standard office documents. PCL (Printer Control Language)
Type of nonimpact color printer that produces photo-lab-quality pictures. photo printer
Standard technology used with photo printers that allows you to print photos directly from a digital camera by connecting a cable from the digital camera to a USB port on the printer. PictBridge
The smallest element in an electronic image. Short for picture element. pixel
The distance in millimeters between pixels on a display device. See also dot pitch. pixel pitch
Display device that uses gas plasma technology, which sandwiches a layer of gas between two glass plates. plasma monitor
Sophisticated printers that produce high-quality drawings such as blueprints, maps, and circuit diagrams using a row of charged wires (called styli) to draw an electrostatic pattern on specially coated paper and then fuse toner to the pattern. plotters
A printout that is taller than it is wide, with information printed across the shorter width of the paper. portrait orientation
Special type of label printer that prints postage stamps. postage printer
Standard printer language used by professionals in the desktop publishing and graphics arts fields, designed for complex documents with intense graphics and colors. PostScript
Output device that produces text and graphics on a physical medium such as paper. printer
Printed information that exists physically and is a more permanent form of output than that presented on a display device (soft copy). See also hard copy. printout
The number of horizontal and vertical pixels in a display device. resolution
The time in milliseconds (ms) that it takes to turn a pixel on or off. response time
Video card port that allows users to connect external analog devices such as a television, DVD player, or video recorder to the computer. S-video port
Speakers positioned around one or two center speakers and positioned so that sound emits from all directions. satellite speakers
Temporary output presented on a display device. soft copy
Audio output devices that generate sound. speakers
Speaker component that boosts low bass sounds. subwoofer
Super Video Graphics Array; video standard with a resolution of 800 x 600. SVGA
Super XGA; video standard with a resolution of 1280 x 1024. SXGA
Feature included with some input devices that provides the user with a physical response from the device. tactile output
Thin-film transistor; LCD monitor or screen technology that uses a separate transistor to apply charges to each liquid crystal cell and thus displays high-quality color that is viewable from all angles. See also active-matrix display. TFT (thin-film transistor) display
Type of nonimpact printer that generates images by pushing electrically heated pins against heat-sensitive paper. thermal printer
Thermal printer that generates images by using heat to melt colored wax onto heat-sensitive paper. thermal wax-transfer printer
Type of powdered ink that is used by some laser printers and copy machines to produce output. toner
Ultra XGA; video standard with a resolution of 1600 x 1200. UXGA
Diagonal measurement of the actual viewing area provided by the screen in a CRT monitor. viewable size
Audio output that occurs when a user hears a person’s voice or when a computer talks to the user through the speakers on the computer. voice output
Term used to refer to LCD monitors that are wider than they are tall. widescreen
Wide Quad XGA; video standard with a resolution of 2560 x 1600. WQXGA
Wide Super XGA; video standard with a resolution of 1680 x 1050. WSXGA
Wide Ultra XGA; video standard with a resolution of 1920 x 1200. WUXGA
Wide XGA; video standard with a resolution of 1280 x 1024 or 1366 x 768. WXGA
Extended Graphics Array; video standard with a resolution of 1024 x 768. XGA
Created by: sheidkamp