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Chapter 11 Blood

Stack #122508

QuestionAnswer
plasma the liquid part of the blood
plasma proteins any of several protiens normally found in the plasma; includes albumins, globins, and fibrinogen
serum blood plasma minus its clotting factors, still contains antibodies
acidosis condition in which there is an excessive portion of acid in the blood
erythrocytes red blood cells
leukocytes white blood cells
thrombocytes also called platelets; play a role in blood clotting
hemopoesis blood cell formation
hemoglobin iron-containing protein in red blood cells
oxyhemoglobin hemoglobin combined with oxygen
anemia dificient number of red blood cells or deficient hemaglobin
polycythemia an excessive number of red blood cells
aplastic anemia blood disorder characterized by low red blood cell count, caused by destruction of myeloid tissue in the bone marrow
pernicious anemia deficiency of red blood cells caused by a lack of vitamin B12
Folate-deficiency anemia blood disorder charactrized by a decrease in red blood cell count, caused by a deficiency of folic acid in the diet (malnourishment)
iron dificiency anemia when there are inadequate levels of iron in the diet so that less hemoglobin is produced; results in extreme fatigue
hemolytic anemia any group of blood disorders characterized by deficient or abnormal hemoglobin that causes deformation and fragility of red blood cells (sickle cell anemia, thalassemia)
sickle cell anemia severe, possibly fatal, hereditary disease caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin
thalassemia any group of inherited hemoglobin disorders characterized by production of hypochromic, abnormal red blood cells
leukocytosis abnormally high white blood cell numbers in the blood
leukemia blood cancer characterized by an increase in white blood cells
thrombosis formation of a clot in a blood vessel
embolism obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign matter carried into the blood stream
hemophilia any group of X-linked inherited blood clotting disorders caused by a failure to form clotting factors IIIV, IX, or XI
thrombocytopenia general term referring to an abnormally low blood platelet count
antigen substance that, when introduced into the body, causes formation of antibodies against it
antibody substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates a specific substance that has entered the body
agglutinate antibodies causing antigens to clump or stick together
universal donor type O blood--always in short supply
uneversal recipient bloot type AB--it contains neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies in its plasma
anti- against
erythr- red
cyt- cell
hem- blood
leuk- white
mono- single
oxy- oxygen
phag- eat
thromb- clot
a- without
an- without
-emia condition of blood
em- in, into
-osis condition of
poly- multiple
-penia lack of
Created by: mariahmoo