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zs ch6

Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) the cureent set of standards that is used by BIOS hardware, and the OS to manage power
back-side bus (BSB) connects the processor to the internal memory cache
case fan fans which draw cool air through the system
Centrino the intel processor chipset and wireless network adapter are all interconnected as a unit
chassis air guide (CAG) air duct that helps to pull and direct fresh air from outside the case tothe cooler and processor.
Cool’n’Quiet by amd lowers power requirements and helps keep a system quiet
Cooler sits on top of the processor and consist of a fan and a heat sink
DRAM RAM stored in memory modules
dual-core processing supporting four instructions at once
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology (EIST) by intel steps down processor frequncy when the processor is idle to conserve power and lower heat
Execute disable bit by intel is a security feature that prevents software from excuting or reproducing if it appears to be malicious.
front-side bus (FSB) connects to the front side of the processor that faces the outside world.
heat sink fins that draw heat away from the processor
hyper-threading allow each logical processor within the processor package to handle an individual thread in parallel with other threads being handled by other processors within the package
hyper transport allow each logical processor within the processor package to handle an individual thread in parallel with other threads being handled by other processors within the package
internal bus insidde the processor housing, data, instructions, addresses, and control signals use the internal bus
Level 1 (L1) cache memory on processor die
Level 2 (L2) cache memory on processor package, but not on the processor die
Level 3 (L3) cache father from processor core, but still in the processor package
liquid cooling system a small pump sits inside the computer case, and tubes move water or other liquid around components and then away from them to a place where fans can cool the liquid
memory cache RAM that holds data and instructions that the mmeory controller does anticipates the processor willneed next
MMX (Multimedia Extensions) was the first technology to support repetitive looping whereby the processor recieves an instruction and then applies it to a stream of data that follows
multi-core processing the processor housing contains two or more coresthat operate at the same frequency but independently of each other
multiplier system bus frequency x multiplier = processor frequency
multiprocessor installing more then one processor on a motherboard.
octo supporting 16 instructions at once
overclocking running a mother board or processor at a hiher speed then the manufacturer suggests
PowerNow! by amd increases performance and lowers power requirements
processor frequency is the speed at which the processor operates internally
quad core supporting 8 instructions at once
S1 state the hard drive andmonitor are turned off and everything elseruns normally
S2 state the hard drive, monitor and processor are turned off called stand by or sleep mode
S3 state evrything is shutdown except Ram and enough of the system to respond to a wake upcall such aspressing the keyboard
static RAM (SRAM) memory in the momery cache
stop errors usually cased by viruses
thermal compound paste which serucres the heat sink to the processor
triple core supporting 6 instructions at once
Created by: 13zspiker