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QuestionAnswer
Level 3 (L3) cache Cache memory farther from the processor core than Level 2 cache, but still in the processor package.
liquid cooling system Method to cool overclocked processors that uses a small pump inside the computer case and tubes that move water or other liquid around components and then away from them to a place where fans can cool the liquid.
memory cache Small account of faster RAM that stores recently retrieved data, in anticipation of what the CPU will request next, thus speeding up access.
MMX (Multimedia Extensions) Multimedia instructions built into Intel processors to add functionality such as better processing of multimedia, SIMD support, and increased cache.
multi-core processing Processor technology whereby the processor housing contains two or more processor cores that operate at the same frequency, but independently of each other.
multiplier Factor by which the bus speed or frequency is multiplied to get the CPU clock speed.
multiprocessor System that contains more than one processor. The motherboard has more than one processor socket and the processors must be rated to work in this multi-processor environment.
octo Processor package that contains eight cores and supports 16 instructions at once.
overclocking Running a processor at a higher frequency than is recommended by the manufacturer, which can result in an unstable system, but is a popular thing to do when a computer is used for gaming.
PowerNow! AMD technology that increases performance and lowers power requirements for processors.
processor frequency Frequency at which the CPU operates. Usually expressed in GHz.
quad core Processor package that contains four cores and supports eight instructions at once.
S1 state ACPI power saving mode where the hard drive and monitor are turned off and everything else runs normally.
S2 state ACPI power saving mode where the hard drive, monitor, and processor are turned off.
S3 state ACPI power saving mode where everything is shut down except RAM and enough of the system to respond to a wake-up call such as pressing the keyboard. Also called sleep mode or standby mode.
static RAM (SRAM) RAM chips that retain information without the need for refreshing, as long as the computer's power is on. They are more expensive than traditional TRAM.
stop errors Error at the kernel level that is severe enough to cause the operating system to stop all processes.
thermal compound Creamlike substance that is placed between the bottom of the cooler heatsink and the top of the processor to eliminate air pockets and to help to draw heat off the processor.
triple core Processor package that contains three core processors, thus supporting six instuctions at once.
Created by: REILLY44