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km-ch6-stack2

QuestionAnswer
Level 3 (L3) cache Level below L2 cache
liquid cooling system Water cooling can be used to cool many computer parts, especially the CPU. Water cooling usually uses a CPU water block, a water pump, and a heat exchanger . Water cooling can allow quieter operation, or improved processor speeds, or a balance of both.
memory cache In computer science, a cache is a component that transparently stores data so that future requests for that data can be served faster.
MMX (Multimedia Extensions) MMX is a single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) instruction set designed by Intel, introduced in 1997 with their P5-based Pentium line of microprocessors, designated as "Pentium with MMX Technology"
multi-core processing A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent actual central processing units (called "cores"), which are the units that read and execute program instructions.
multiplier A binary multiplier is an electronic circuit used in digital electronics, such as a computer, to multiply two binary numbers.
multiprocessor A multiprocessor is a tightly coupled computer system having two or more processing units (Multiple Processors) each sharing main memory and peripherals, in order to simultaneously process programs.
octo an octo-core processor or octa-core processor contains eight cores
overclocking Overclocking is the process of making a computer or component operate faster than the clock frequency specified by the manufacturer by modifying system parameters.
PowerNow! PowerNow! is speed throttling and power saving technology of AMD's processors used in laptops. The CPU's clock speed and VCore are automatically decreased when the computer is under low load or idle, to save battery power, reduce heat and noise.
processor frequency The clock rate typically refers to the frequency at which a CPU is running.
quad core Having 4 cores
S1 state S1: All processor caches are flushed, and the CPU(s) stops executing instructions. Power to the CPU(s) and RAM is maintained; devices that do not indicate they must remain on may be powered down.
S2 state S2: CPU powered off. Dirty cache is flushed to RAM.
S3 state S3: Commonly referred to as Standby, Sleep, or Suspend to RAM. RAM remains powered
static RAM (SRAM) Static random-access memory (SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that uses bistable latching circuitry to store each bit. The term static differentiates it from dynamic RAM (DRAM) which must be periodically refreshed.
stop errors is the error screen displayed by the Microsoft Windows family of operating systems upon encountering a critical error, of a non-recoverable nature, that causes the system to crash.
thermal compound a creamlike substance placed between the bottom of the cooler heatsink and top of the processor.
triple core having 3 cores
Created by: 13kmacfarland