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DC1-5

Chapter 5 - Input

DefinitionTerm
Motion-sensing mouse that, in addition to the typical buttons, allows you to control objects, media players, and slide shows by moving the mouse in predetermined directions through the air. air mouse
Federal law that requires any company with 15 or more employees to make reasonable attempts to accommodate the needs of physically challenged workers. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Process of entering any sound, such as speech, music, and sound effects, into the computer. audio input
Special-purpose terminal, connected to a host computer through a network that functions as a self-service banking machine. automated teller machine (ATM)
Identification code consisting of either vertical lines and spaces of different widths or a two-dimensional pattern of dots, squares, and other images that represent a manufacturer and an item. bar code
Optical reader that uses laser beams to read bar codes by using light patterns that pass through the bar code lines. See also barcode scanner. bar code reader
Optical reader that uses laser beams to read bar codes by using light patterns that pass through the bar code lines. See also barcode reader. bar code scanner
Device that translates a personal characteristic into a digital code that is compared with a digital code stored in a computer. biometric device
Physiological or behavioral characteristic, such as fingerprints, hand geometry, facial features, voice, signatures, and eye patterns. biometric identifier
Technology of authenticating a person’s identity by verifying a personal characteristic. biometrics
Digital camera chip that generates an analog symbol that represents an image. charge-coupled device
Touch-sensitive scroll pad on a portable media player that users rotate to browse through song, picture, or movie lists and press to play or pause media, display a menu, and other actions. Click Wheel
Battery-powered keyboard that transmits data using wireless technology, such as radio waves or infrared light waves. See also wireless keyboard. cordless keyboard
Battery-powered device that transmits data using wireless technology, such as radio waves or infrared light waves. See also wireless mouse. cordless mouse
Symbol on a computer screen, usually a blinking vertical bar, that indicates where the next character a user types will appear. See also insertion point. cursor
Flat electronic device divided into panels that users press with their feet in response to instructions from a music video game. dance pad
Device that obtains data directly at the location where the transaction or event takes place. data collection device
Mobile device that allows users to take pictures and stores the photographed images digitally, instead of on traditional film. digital camera
Input device that allows users to write or draw on the screen by pressing the pen and issue instructions to a Tablet PC by tapping on the screen. digital pen
Video camera that records video as digital signals instead of as analog signals. digital video (DV) camera
Large-scale application term for a graphics tablet. See also graphics tablet. digitizer
With digital cameras, refers to transferring a copy of images from the digital camera to the computer's hard disk. download
Self-service DVD rental machine that connects to a host computer through a network. DVD kiosk
Keyboard that has twelve function keys along the top; two Control (CTRL) keys and two Alternate (ALT) keys along the bottom; and a set of keys and additional keys between the typing area and the numeric keypad. enhanced keyboard
Digital camera resolution calculated by a special formula that adds pixels between those generated by optical resolution. enhanced resolution
Keyboard whose design reduces the chance of wrist or hand injuries. ergonomic keyboard
The science of incorporating comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of the workplace. ergonomics
Biometric device that captures a live face image and compares it with a stored image to determine if the person is a legitimate user. face recognition system
Portable digital camera with many lenses and other attachments. field camera
Biometric device that captures curves and indentations of a fingerprint and compares them with those of a stored image. fingerprint reader
Type of light-sensing input device that scans a document and creates a file of the document in memory instead of a paper copy. flatbed scanner
Special keys programmed to issue commands to a computer. function keys
Input device that directs movements and actions of on-screen objects in video and computer games. game controller
Input device that controls the movement and actions of players or objects in video games or computer games. gamepad
Keyboard designed specifically for users who enjoy playing games on the computer. gaming keyboard
Computer’s capability of detecting human motion. gesture recognition
Flat, rectangular, electronic, plastic board that is used to create drawings and sketches. graphics tablet
Biometric device that measures the shape and size of a person’s hand and compares these measurements to stored measurements. hand geometry system
Software that translates handwritten letters and symbols into characters that a computer or device can process. handwriting recognition software
Pointer that is placed on a user’s head and can be used by a physically challenged person. head-mounted pointer
Business practice that consists of capturing, storing, analyzing, displaying, printing, and manipulating images with scanners. image processing
Storing and indexing electronic documents to provide access to exact reproductions of the original documents. image processing system
Any data and instructions entered into the memory of a computer. input
Any hardware component that allows users to enter data and instructions into a computer. input device
Symbol on a computer screen, usually a blinking vertical bar, that indicates where the next character a user types will appear. See also cursor. insertion point
Biometric device that uses iris recognition technology to read patterns in the iris of the eye. iris recognition system
Handheld vertical lever mounted on a base used to control actions of a simulated vehicle or player. joystick
Input device that contains keys users press to enter data and instructions into a computer. keyboard
Metal or plastic plate placed over the keyboard that allows users to rest their hands on the keyboard without accidentally pressing any keys. keyguard
Free-standing computer that usually includes a touch screen. kiosk
Mouse type that uses a laser sensor. laser mouse
Input device used in video and computer games to shoot targets and moving objects after you pull the trigger on the weapon. light gun
Reading device that reads the magnetic stripe on the back of credit, entertainment, bank, and other similar cards. See also magstripe reader. magnetic stripe card reader
Technology that reads text printed with magnetized ink. magnetic-ink character recognition
Reading device that reads the magnetic stripe on the back of credit, entertainment, bank, and other similar cards. See also magnetic stripe card reader. magstripe reader
Technology that reads text printed with magnetized ink. MICR
Reading device that converts MICR characters into a form that a computer can process. MICR reader
Touch screen with a 30-inch tabletop display that allows one or more people to interact with the screen using their fingers or hands. Microsoft Surface
Input devices used with computer and video games that allow the user to guide on-screen elements by moving a handheld input device in predetermined directions through the air. motion-sensing game controllers
Pointing device that fits comfortably under the palm of a user’s hand. mouse
Capability that allows users to perform certain operations by holding a mouse button while moving the mouse in a particular pattern. mouse gestures
Small symbol displayed on a computer screen whose location and shape changes as a user moves a mouse. mouse pointer
One million pixels. MP
Term used to describe touch screens that recognize multiple points of contact at the same time. multi-touch
Software that allows users to record, compose, mix, and edit music and sounds. music production software
Software that enables scanners to read and convert text documents into electronic files. OCR (optical character recognition) software
Optical character recognition devices that include small optical scanners for reading characters and sophisticated software to analyze what is read. OCR devices
Type of keyboard, sometimes used by physically challenged users, in which a graphic of a standard keyboard is displayed on the user’s screen. on-screen keyboard
Optical reader technology that involves reading typewritten, computer-printed, or hand-printed characters from ordinary documents and translating the images to a form that a computer can process. optical character recognition (OCR)
Optical reader technology that reads hand-drawn marks such as small circles or rectangles. optical mark recognition (OMR)
Mouse that uses devices, such as optical sensors or lasers, that emit and sense light to detect the mouse’s movement. optical mouse
Device that uses a light source to read characters, marks, and codes and then converts them into digital data that a computer can process. optical reader
The actual photographed resolution at which a digital camera can capture a digital image. optical resolution
Light-sensing input device that reads printed text and graphics and then translates the results into a form the computer can process. optical scanner
Digital video camera that enables a home or small business user to capture video and still images, send e-mail messages with video attachments, add live images to instant messages, broadcast live images over the Internet, and make video telephone calls. PC video camera
Input method in which you touch a stylus or digital pen on a flat surface to write, draw, and make selections. pen input
Numeric password, either assigned by a company or selected by a user. personal identification number (PIN)
Sheet-fed scanner model designed specifically for photos. photo scanner
The smallest element in an electronic image. Short for picture element. pixel
Number of pixels in one inch of screen display. pixels per inch (ppi)
Affordable and lightweight camera that provides acceptable quality photographic images for home or small office users. point-and-shoot camera
Small symbol displayed on a computer screen whose location and shape changes as a user moves a pointing device. pointer
Input device that allows a user to control a pointer on the screen. pointing device
Pressure-sensitive pointing device shaped like a pencil eraser that is positioned between keys on a keyboard and moved by pushing the pointing stick with a finger. pointing stick
Full-size keyboard that communicates with a smart phone or PDA. portable keyboard
Terminal used by retail stores to record purchases, process credit or debit cards, and update inventory. POS terminal
Smart phone technology where you press one key on the keypad for each letter in a word and software on the phone predicts the word you want. predictive text input
Series of related instructions that tells a computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them. See also software. program
Standard, specifically a protocol, that defines how a network uses radio signals to communicate with a tag placed in or attached to an object, an animal, or a person. radio frequency identification
The number of horizontal and vertical pixels in a display device. resolution
Biometric devices that scan patterns of blood vessels in the back of the retina. retinal scanners
Short for radio frequency identification; standard, specifically a protocol, that defines how a network uses radio signals to communicate with a tag placed in or attached to an object, an animal, or a person. RFID
Reading device that reads information on an RFID tag via radio waves. RFID reader
Light-sending input device that reads printed text and graphics and then translates the results into a form the computer can process. See also optical scanner. scanner
Pen input device that captures handwritten signatures with a stylus or pen that is attached to the device. signature capture pad
Biometric device that recognizes the shape of a person’s handwritten signature and measures the pressure exerted and the motion used to write the signature. signature verification system
Document that contains the original form of data to be processed. source document
Computer’s capability of distinguishing spoken words. See also voice recognition. speech recognition
Type of Web cam that has the illusion of moving images because it sends a continual stream of still images. streaming cam
Stationary camera used for professional studio work. studio camera
Small metal or plastic device that looks like a ballpoint pen, but uses pressure instead of ink to write, draw, or make selections. stylus
Device that consists of a keyboard, a monitor, a video card, and memory, which often all are housed in a single unit. terminal
Key that switches between two states each time a user presses the key. toggle key
Touch-sensitive display device with which users interact by touching areas of the screen. touch screen
Input device that enables users to scroll through and play music, view pictures, watch videos or movies, adjust volume, and/or customize settings. touch-sensitive pad
Small, flat, rectangular pointing device that is sensitive to pressure and motion. touchpad
Stationary pointing device with a ball on its top or side. trackball
Document that a user returns to the company that has created and sent it. turnaround document
Bar code used by retail and grocery stores. UPC (universal product code)
An instruction a user issues by replying to a question displayed by a program. user response
Adapter card that converts an analog video signal to a digital signal that a computer can process. video capture card
Meeting between two or more geographically separated people who use a network or the Internet to transmit audio and video data. video conference
Process of capturing full-motion images and storing them on a computer’s storage medium. video input
Telephone call made using a PC video camera that allows both parties to see each other as they communicate over the Internet. video telephone call
Process of entering data by speaking into a microphone. voice input
Computer’s capability of distinguishing spoken words. See also speech recognition. voice recognition
Biometric device that compares a person’s live speech with his or her stored voice pattern to determine if the person is a legitimate user. voice verification system
Digital video camera that enables a user to capture video and still images, send e-mail messages with video attachments, add live images to instant messages, broadcast live images over the Internet, and make live video telephone calls. Web cam
Steering-wheel-type input device that is used to simulate driving a vehicle. wheel
Video conference feature in which another window on the screen displays notes and drawings simultaneously on all participants’ screens. whiteboard
Nintendo's motion-sensing input device that uses Bluetooth wireless technology to communicate with the Wii game console. Wii Remote
Battery-powered keyboard that transmits data using wireless technology, such as radio waves or infrared light waves. See also cordless keyboard. wireless keyboard
Battery-powered device that transmits data using wireless technology, such as radio waves or infrared light waves. See also cordless mouse. wireless mouse
Created by: sheidkamp