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DC1-2

Chapter 2 - The Internet and World Wide Web

DefinitionTerm
Business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee. access provider
Program that extends the capability of a browser; often used to enhance multimedia. See also plug-in. add-on
List of names and e-mail addresses, created and stored by a user. Also called contacts folder. address book
Animation technique that combines several GIF images in a single GIF file. animated GIF
Appearance of motion created by displaying a series of still images in sequence. animation
Feature of many FTP sites whereby anyone can transfer some, if not all, available files. anonymous FTP
Advanced Research Projects Agency; agency of the U.S. Department of Defense that built an early computer network called ARPANET. ARPA
Network developed by the Pentagon’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) that linked scientific and academic researchers across the United States. ARPANET
Specification sometimes used by content aggregators to distribute content. Atom
Music, speech, or any other sound. audio
Informal Web site consisting of time-stamped articles, or posts, in a diary or journal format, usually listed in reverse chronological order. Short for Web log. blog
Author of a Weblog. blogger
Worldwide collection of blogs. blogosphere
Saved Web address that you access by clicking its name in a list. See also favorite. bookmark
High-speed Internet connection provided through cable, DSL, fiber, radio signals, or satellite. broadband
Application software that allows users to access and view Web pages. See also Web browser. browser
Established list of friends, family, and coworkers used in instant messaging. buddies
E-commerce that takes place between businesses. business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce
The sale of goods and services to the general public. business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce
High-speed Internet access provided through the cable television network via a cable modem. cable Internet service
Country code TLD (top-level domain). ccTLD
High-speed Internet connection for devices with built-in compatible technology or computers with wireless modems. cellular radio network
Real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer. chat
Program that allows a user to connect to a chat server to participate in a chat session. chat client
Location on an Internet server that permits users to chat with each other. chat room
To move the mouse pointer to a button or link on the computer screen, and then to press and release the left mouse button. click
E-commerce that occurs when one consumer sells directly to another, such as in an online auction. consumer-to-consumer (C2C) e-commerce
Business that gathers and organizes Web content and then distributes, or feeds, the content to subscribers for free or a fee. content aggregator
Internet access that takes place when the modem in your computer connects to the Internet via a standard telephone line that transmits data and information using an analog (continuous wave pattern) signal. dial-up access
Internet server that usually is associated with an Internet access provider. DNS server
Text version of an IP address. domain name
Method that the Internet uses to store domain names and their corresponding IP addresses. domain name system (DNS)
Process of a computer receiving information, such as a Web page, from a server on the Internet. downloading
Acronym for digital subscriber line; type of digital technology that provides high-speed Internet connections using regular copper telephone lines. DSL
A Web page that allows visitors to customize some or all of the viewed content. dynamic Web page
Short for electronic commerce, a business transaction that occurs over an electronic network such as the Internet. e-commerce
Short for electronic mail, the transmission of messages and files via a computer network. e-mail
Combination of a user name and a domain name that identifies a user so that he or she can receive Internet e-mail. e-mail address
Software used to create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete e-mail messages. e-mail program
Occurs when businesses use the Web to sell products. e-retail
A business transaction that occurs over an electronic network such as the Internet. electronic commerce
The transmission of messages and files via a computer network. See also e-mail. electronic mail
Online business a customer visits that contains product descriptions, graphics, and a shopping cart. electronic storefront
Symbols used on the Internet to express emotion. emoticons
List that helps a user find answers to frequently asked questions. FAQ
Saved Web address that you access by clicking its name in a list. See also bookmark. favorite
Technology that uses fiber-optic cables to provide high-speed Internet access to home and business users. Fiber to the Premises (FTTP)
Named unit of storage. file
High-speed Internet connection that uses an antenna on a house or business to communicate with a tower location via radio signals. fixed wireless
Exchanges of flames using the Internet. flame wars
Abusive or insulting messages sent using the Internet. flames
Short for File Transfer Protocol, an Internet standard that permits file uploading and downloading with other computers on the Internet. FTP
Computer that allows users to upload and/or download files using FTP. FTP server
Graphics format that uses compression techniques to reduce file sizes. GIF
Digital representation of nontext information such as a drawing, chart, or photo. See also graphical image. graphic
Digital representation of nontext information such as a drawing, chart, or photo. See also graphic. graphical image
Generic TLD (top-level domain). gTLD
Web page names displayed by a search engine that contain the search text specified by a user. hits
First page that a Web site displays. home page
Any computer that provides services and connections to other computers on a network. host
Wireless network that provides Wi-Fi Internet connections to mobile computers and devices. hot spots
A set of rules that defines how pages transfer on the Internet. See also Hypertext Transfer Protocol. http
Built-in connection to another related Web page or part of a Web page. See also link. hyperlink
Web page content consisting of text-based links combined with graphic, audio, and video links. hypermedia
Term that refers to links in text-based documents. hypertext
A set of rules that defines how pages transfer on the Internet. See also http. Hypertext Transfer Protocol
Acronym for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers; group that assigns and controls top-level domains. ICANN
Real-time Internet communications service that notifies a user when one or more people are online and then allows the user to exchange messages or files or join a private chat room with those people. instant messaging (IM)
Software used by people to participate in instant messaging. instant messenger
Worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals. See also Net. Internet
Major carriers of network traffic on the Internet. Internet backbone
Technology that allows users to speak to other users over the Internet. See also Voice over IP (Internet Protocol) or VoIP. Internet telephony
A number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet. IP address
New IP addressing scheme that may increase the number of available IP addresses. IPv6
Regional or national Internet access provider. ISP (Internet service provider)
Joint Photographic Experts Group; format that compresses graphics to reduce their file size. JPEG
Each word entered as search text when using a search engine. keyword (searching)
Built-in connection to another related Web page or part of a Web page. Short for hyperlink. link
E-commerce that takes place using mobile devices. m-commerce
Group of e-mail names and addresses given a single name. Also called an e-mail list or a distribution list. mailing list
Specific type of online social network that enables members to share media such as photos, music, and videos. media sharing Web site
Popular Web-based type of discussion group that does not require a newsreader. message board
Blog that allows users to publish short messages, usually between 100 and 200 characters, for others to read. microblog
Special type of browser designed for the small screens and limited computing power of Internet-enabled mobile devices. microbrowser
Format that reduces an audio file to about one-tenth of its original size, while preserving much of the original quality of the sound. MP3
Popular video compression standard. MP4
Moving Pictures Experts Group. MPEG
Current version of a popular video compression standard. MPEG-4
Any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality. multimedia
Internet service provider that provides Internet access in cities and towns nationwide. national ISP
Worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals. See also Internet. Net
Short for Internet etiquette, the code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet. netiquette
Online area in which users have written discussions about a particular subject. newsgroup
Program necessary for participating in a newsgroup. newsreader
The National Science Foundation’s network of five supercomputers. NSFnet
E-commerce method that allows consumers to bid on an item being sold by someone else. online auction
Web site that joins a specific group of people with similar interests or relationships. online community
Company that provides Internet access as well as many members-only features. online service provider (OSP)
Web site that encourages members in its online community to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users. See also social networking Web site. online social network
Software used by a person to listen to an audio file on a computer. player
Program that extends the capability of a browser; often used to enhance multimedia. See also add-on. plug-in
Graphics format that improves upon the GIF format. PNG
Recorded audio, usually an MP3 file, stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable media player such as an iPod. podcast
Latest version of Post Office Protocol. POP3
Web site that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location. portal
Communications protocol used by some incoming mail servers. Post Office Protocol
Request information from a Web server. pull
Process of a Web server sending content to a computer at regular intervals, such as current sport scores or weather reports. push
Describes users and the people with whom they are conversing being online at the same time. real time
Specification that content aggregators use to distribute content to subscribers. See also RSS 2.0. Really Simple Syndication
Internet service provider that usually provides Internet access to a specific geographic area. regional ISP
Organization that sells and manages domain names. registrar
Really Simple Syndication. Specification that content aggregators use to distribute content to subscribers. RSS 2.0
Provides high-speed Internet connections via satellite to a satellite dish that communicates with a satellite modem. satellite Internet service
Program that finds Web sites, Web pages, images, videos, news, maps, and other information related to a specific topic. search engine
Word or phrase entered in a search engine’s text box that describes the item you want to find. See also search text. search query
Word or phrase entered in a search engine’s text box that describes the item you want to find. See also search query. search text
Element of an electronic storefront that allows a customer to collect purchases. shopping cart
Acronym for simple mail transfer protocol; communications protocol used by some outgoing mail servers. SMTP
Web site that encourages members in its online community to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other registered users. See also online social network. social networking Web site
Unsolicited e-mail message or newsgroups posting sent to many recipients or newsgroups at once. spam
Program used to build and maintain lists of words found on Web sites. spider
Message that reveals a solution to a game or ending to a movie or program. spoiler
A fixed Web page where visitors all see the same content. static Web page
Process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow. streaming
Transfer of audio data in a continuous and even flow, which allows users to listen to the audio file as it downloads. streaming audio
Transfer of video data in a continuous and even flow, which allows users to view longer or live video images as they are downloaded. streaming video
Search tool that classifies Web pages in an organized set of categories and subcategories. subject directory
Process of a user adding his or her e-mail name and address to a mailing list. subscribe
Activity of using links to explore the Web. surfing the Web
Option where the top of the browser displays a tab (similar to a file folder tab) for each Web page you open. tabbed browsing
Group of newsgroup articles consisting of the original article and all subsequent related replies. See also threaded discussion. thread
Group of newsgroup articles consisting of the original article and all subsequent related replies. See also thread. threaded discussion
Small version of a larger graphic. thumbnail
Identifies the type of organization associated with the domain. top-level domain (TLD)
Communications activity on the Internet. traffic
Unique address for a Web page. See also URL or Web address. Uniform Resource Locator
Process of a user removing his or her e-mail name and address from a mailing list. unsubscribe
Process of transferring documents, graphics, and other objects from a computer to a server on the Internet. uploading
Unique address for a Web page. See also Uniform Resource Locator or Web address. URL
Unique combination of characters, such as letters of the alphabet and/or numbers, that identifies a specific user. user name
Images displayed in motion. video
Blog that contains video clips. video blog
Computers used to simulate a real or imagined environment that appears as a three-dimensional (3-D) space. virtual reality (VR)
Video blog. vlog
Short for vlog author. vlogger
Term used to refer to all vlogs worldwide. vlogosphere
Technology that allows users to speak to other users over the Internet using their desktop computer, mobile computer, or mobile device. See also Internet telephony or VoIP. Voice over IP
Technology that allows users to speak to other users over the Internet using their desktop computer, mobile computer, or mobile device. See also Internet telephony or Voice over IP. VoIP
3-D environment that contains infinite space and depth created with special VR software. VR world
Worldwide collection of electronic documents called Web pages, the Web is one of the more popular services on the Internet. See also World Wide Web or WWW. Web
Term used to refer to Web sites that provide a means for users to share personal information, allow users to modify Web site content, and have application software built into the site for visitors to use. Web 2.0
Unique address for a Web page. See also URL and Uniform Resource Locator. Web address
Web site that allows users to access and interact with software through a Web browser on any computer or device that is connected to the Internet. See also Web application. Web app
Web site that allows users to access and interact with software through a Web browser on any computer or device that is connected to the Internet. See also Web app. Web application
Application software that allows users to access and view Web pages. See also browser. Web browser
Electronic document on the Web, which can contain text, graphics, animation, audio, and video and often has built-in connections to other documents. Web page
Development and maintenance of Web pages. Web publishing
Computer that delivers requested Web pages to a computer. Web server
Collection of related Web pages and associated items stored on a Web server. Web site
Informal Web site consisting of time-stamped articles, or posts, in a diary or journal format, usually listed in reverse chronological order. See also blog. Weblog
Internet Explorer feature that enables content aggregators to mark sections of their Web page as feeds to which user can subscribe. WebSlices
Short for wireless fidelity. Type of broadband Internet connection that uses radio signals to provide high-speed Internet connections to compatible or properly equipped wireless computers and devices. Wi-Fi
Collaborative Web site that allows users to create, add to, modify, or delete the Web site content via their Web browser. wiki
Company that provides wireless Internet access to desktop and notebook computers and mobile devices. wireless Internet service provider
Portal designed for Internet-enabled mobile devices. wireless portal
See wireless Internet service provider. WISP
Worldwide collection of electronic documents. See also Web or WWW. World Wide Web
Consortium of nearly 400 organizations from around the world that oversees research and sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet. World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
Worldwide collection of electronic documents. See also Web or World Wide Web. WWW
Created by: sheidkamp