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ms chp6 stack 1

L1 cache memory on the processor die used as a cache to improve processor performance
l2 Cache memory in the processor but not on the processor die.
L3 cache cache memory further from the processor core than level 2 cache.
hyper-threading the intel technology that allows each logical processor within the processor package to handle and individual thread.
Hyper Transport The AMD technology that allows each logical processor within the processor package to handle an individual thread in parallel with other threads being handled by other processors.
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) Specification developed by intel.
back-side bus (BSB) The portion of a processors internal bus that connects the processor to the internal memory cache.
case fan a fan inside a computer case used to draw air out of or into the case.
Centrino a technology used by intel whereby the processor, chipset, and wireless network adapter are interconnected as a unit which improves laptop performance.
chassis air guide (CAG) a round air duct that helps to pull and direct fresh air from outside.
Cool’n’Quiet a feature of AMD processors that lowers power requirements and helps keep a system quiet.
Cooler A combination cooling fan and heat sink mounted on the top or side of a processor to keep it cool.
DRAM Dynamic Ram
dual-core processing A processor package that contains two core processors.
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology (EIST) A processor feature
Execute disable bit a processor security feature by Intel that prevents software from executing.
front-side bus (FSB) system bus
heat sink a piece of metal, with cooling fins that can be attached to or mounted.
internal bus the bus inside the cpu.
liquid cooling system A method to cool overclocked processors.
memory cache a small amount of faster RAM that stores recently retrieved data.
MMX (Multimedia Extensions) Multimedia instructions built Intel processors to add better processing.
multi-core processing A processor technology whereby the processor housing contains two or more processors.
multiplier The factor by which the bus speed or frequency is multiplied to get the CPU clock speed.
multiprocessor System that contains more then one processor.
octo core A processor package that contains eight cores and supports 16 instructions at once.
overclocking Running a processor at a higher frequency than is recommended by the manufacture.
PowerNow An AMD technology that increases performance and lowers requirements for processors.
processor frequency The frequency at which the CPU operates. `
quad core A processor package that contains four cores and supports eight instructions at once.
S1 state The ACPI power saving mode and hard drive and monitor are turned off.
S2 state The ACPI power saving mode where the hard drive , monitor and processor are turned off.
S3 state The ACPI power saving mode where everything is shut down.
static RAM (SRAM) Static RAM
stop errors An error at the kernal level that is severe enough to cause the operating system to stop all processors.
thermal compound A creamlike substance that is placed at the bottom of the cooler heatsink.
triple core A processor package that contains three core processors
Created by: markswaz12