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bm ch6 stack 1

Level 1 cache Memory on the processor die.
Level 2 cache Memory in the processor package, but not on the processor die.
Level 3 cache Farther from the processor core but still in the processor package.
Hyper-Threading Best known technologies used by intel.
Hyper-Transport Best known technologies used by AMD.
Front side bus Connects to the front side of the processor that faces the outside world.
Internal bus Bus that is inside.
Back-side bus Bus on the back.
Processor frequency Speed in which the processor operates internally.
Multiplier When the bus frequency is multiplied.
Overclocking Running at a higher speed the recommended.
Multiprocessor More than one processor.
Multi-core processing Latest advancement in multiple processing.
Dual-core processing Supporting four instructions at once.
Triple core Supporting six instructions at once.
Octo core Supporting sixteen instructions at once.
Quad core Supporting eight instructions at once.
Memory cache RAM that holds data and instructions that the memory controller anticipates the processor will need next.
DRAM Looses data rapidly and must be refreshed frequently.
Static RAM Can hold its data as long as power is available.
MMX First technology to support repetitive looping and is also called multimedia extensions.
PowerNow! Increases performance and lowers power requirements.
Cool'n'Quiet Lowers power requirements and helps keep the system quiet.
EIST Enhanced intel speedstep technology.
Execute disable bit Security feature that prevents software from executing.
Centrino Included in intel mobile processors.
Cooler Sits on top of the processor and has a fan and heat sink.
Heat sink Disperses heat and has a fan on top of it.
Thermal compound Placed between the bottom of the cooler heat sink and the top of the processor.
Case fan Helps draw air out of the case.
Liquid cooling system Uses tubes of water to cool the system.
ACPI Advanced configuration and power interface.
S1 state Hard drive and monitor are turned off and everything else runs normally.
S2 state Monitor, hard drive, and processor are turned off.
S3 state Everything is shut down except RAM.
Created by: bmorrissey