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Level 1 (L1) cache Memory on the processor die.
Level 2 (L2) cache Memory in the processor package, but not on the processor die.
Level 3 (L3) cache The cache farther from the processor core, but still in the processor package.
hyper-threading Intel's computing technology that the processor can use.
hyper transport AMD'S computing technology that the processor can use.
front-side bus (FSB) The bus that connects to the front side of the processor that faces the outside world.
internal bus The bus used inside the processor for housing, data, instructions, addresses, and control signals.
back-side bus (BSB) The portion of the internal bus that connects the processor to the internal memory cache.
processor frequency The speed at which the processor operates internally.
multiplier The factor by which the bus speed or frequency is multiplied to get the CPU clock speed
overclocking Running a motherboard or processor at a higher speed than the manufacturer suggests.
multiprocessor A system that contains more than one processor. The motherboard has more than one processor socket and the processor must be rated to work in this multi-processor environment.
multi-core processing Technology that has the processor housing containing 2 or more cores that operate at the same frequency, but independently of each other.
dual-core processing A CPU using multi-core processing that has 2 cores.
triple core A CPU using multi-core processing that has 3 cores.
quad core A CPU using multi-core processing that has 4 cores.
octocore A CPU using multi-core processing that has 8 cores.
memory cache RAM that holds data and instructions that the memory controller anticipates the processor will need next.
DRAM (Dynamic RAM) RAM stored in memory modules (DIMM'S) on the motherboard.
static RAM (SRAM) Memory in a memory cache.
MMX (Multimedia Extensions) The first technology to support repetitive looping. MMX helps with processing multimedia data.
PowerNow! Technology by AMD that increases performance and lowers power requirements.
Cool’n’Quiet Technology by AMD that lowers power requirements and helps keep a quiet system.
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology (EIST) Technology by INTEL that steps down processor frequency when the processor is idle to conserve power and lower heat
Execute disable bit Technology by Intel that is a security feature that prevents software from executing or reproducing itself if it appears to be malicious.
Centrino Processor technology in which the Intel processor, chipset, and wireless network adapter are all interconnected as a unit, which improves laptop performance.
Created by: epage



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