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Systems Analysis Ch4

Chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
The 3 critical components of a project are... Time, Budget & Requirements
The activity of documenting, managing, and continually improving the process of systems development is... Process management
(Blank) is uncontrolled addition of technical features to a system. Feature creep
(Blank) is unexpected and gradual growth of requirements during an information systems project. Scope creep
(Blank) is anarrative description of the work to be performed as part of a project. Common synonyms include scope statement, project definition, project overview, and document of understanding. A Statement of work
(Blank) is a graphical tool used to depict the hierarchical decomposition of the project into phases, activities, and tasks. Work Breakdown Stucture
(Blank) is an event signifying the completion of a major project deliverable. Milestone
A project scheduling approach that establishes a project start date and then schedules forward from that date. Forward scheduling
A project scheduling strategy that establishes a project deadline and then schedules backward from that date. Reverse scheduling
Project management is the process of scoping, planning, staffing, organizing, directing, and controlling the development of an acceptable system at a minimum cost within a specified time frame. True
Feature creep is the uncontrolled addition of technical features to a system under development without regard to schedule and budget. True
One key to successful project management is to commit to a fixed budge and schedule as early as possible and then stick to it. False, Premature commitment to a fixed budge and schedule is one of the common project mismanagement problems.
Each bar on a Gantt chart represents a named project task. True
GANTT is an acronym that stands for Group Activity Network Time Table. False, Gantt is the last name of the inventor of the Gantt chart. PERT is an acronym that stands for Project Evaluation and Review Technique.
A Gantt chart is a graphical network model that depicts a project's tasks and the relationships between those tasks. False, A PERT chart is a graphical, network model that depicts a project's tasks and the relationships between those tasks. A Gantt chart is a simple horizontal bar chart that depicts project tasks against a calendar.
PERT charts were developed to make clear the interdependence between project tasks. True
Milestones have no duration. True
The critical path for a project is that sequence of dependent tasks that have the largest sum of most likely durations. The critical path determines the earliest possible completion date of a project. True
The slack time available for any non-critical task is the amount of delay that can be tolerated between the starting time and completion time of a task without causing a delay in the completion date of the entire project. True
"Identify Business Requirements" is an example of a milestone. False, A milestone is an event that signifies the completion of a major project deliverable. Identify Business Requirements would be an activity or task leading up to the requirements statement milestone.
An ongoing activity that documents, manages the use of, and improves an organization's chosen methodology for systems development is: Process Management
Estimated Duration does not appear on a PERT Chart True
________________ is the unexpected growth of user expectations and business requirements for an information system as the project progresses. Scope Creep
________________ is a graphical model that depicts a project as a series of events and milestones that are dependent on one another. PERT Chart
________________ stands for project evaluation and review technique. PERT
A ________________________ is a simple horizontal bar chart that depicts project tasks against a calendar. Gantt
PERT charts were developed to make clear the _____________________ between project tasks before those tasks are scheduled. interdependence
Created by: lapetti