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Basic Review of Lang


Speech The neuromuscular process that allows humans to express language as a vocal product.
Commuication The ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems. (ASHA)
Language Language is a rule governed and dynamic system of conventional symbols that is used in various modes for thought and communication.
5 parameters of language phonologic, morphologic, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic
Name 4 remarkable features of language universality (all cultures have it), species specificity (it's human), Semanticity (represent things that are intangible, abstract, removed from the present), and Productivity (small number of units combine to produce a large number of utterances)
Semantics Meanings of words and word combinations
Morphology Smallest meaningful unit of language; governs word formation; free vs bound
Phonology Governs sounds we use to make syllables and words; how sounds are organized in words
Syntax Governs sentence structure; helps reveal speaker intent
Pragmatics Governs social use of language; code switching; use of extra-linguistic and paralinguistic aspects of communication
The Domains of Language Bloom's Model: Form (organization of sounds, words and sentences to convey content), Content (semantics, vocabulary), Use (Functional use to meet personal and social needs, topic maintenance, turn-taking, social conventions, nonlinguistic communication)
Development: at about 1 year First word (Clear intention and purpose, recognizable pronunciation, consistent use)
Development: 1 year to 18 months Build lexicon
Development: 18 to 24 months Transition to multi-word utterances
Preschool: achievements in content Lexical development, shift to de-contextualized language
Preschool: achievements in form Acquisition of & refinement of grammatical and derivational morphemes (especially verbs)
Preschool: achievements in use Expansion of language functions, development of turn taking skills, improved narrative skills
Development: School Age Refinement & expansion of vocabulary (multiple meanings, lexical ambiguity, figurative language); refinement of syntax – particularly impt. for writing; development of functional flexibility
Metalinguistics the ability to think and talk about language
Created by: 100000299709410