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Adolescence

Lecture 2

QuestionAnswer
Physical dev. examples onset of puberty, hormones, height and weight increase, primary and secondary sex charact, body proportions, motor performance increase.
Puberty onset for males? 11 to 14 years, typically 13-14.
Puberty onset for females? 8-13 years, typically 11-12.
Cogntive development during puberty? oversupply of grey matter, myelination increase, prefrontal cortex, not fully developed until early 20s, thinking abstractly, creativity, complex and efficient.
What is metacognition? the knowledge that people have about their own thinking processes and their ability to monitor their cognition.
What can lead to adolescent egocentrism? metacognition
In psychosocial development what three things are essential which form a triangle? identity, self-concept, self-esteem.
What is Erikson's identity vs. identity confusion? awareness of uniqueness of self; knowledge of roles. Inability to identify appropriate roles in life.
What is identity foreclosure? approval seeking behaviors
What is moratorium? actively exploring identity, high anxiety and conflict.
What is identity diffusion? neither explore nor commit, "I don't care"
Difficulties with psychosocial development can lead to adverse health and social outcomes including what? eating disorders, depression, substance abuse, oppositional defiant disorder, criminal activity.
What is the 3rd leading cause of death in adolescents? suicide
What are the most common disorders? depression, anxiety, substance use/abuse, and ADD.
Created by: jkunik