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Child Development

Lecture 1

This principle states growth follows a direction and pattern that begins with the head and upper body parts and then proceeds to the rest of the body. cephalocaudal and proximal to distal. (Develop visual abilities well before ability to walk).
Infancy - Neonate: Birth to 1 month
Infancy: 1 month to 1 year
Early Childhood - toddler: 1 to 3 years
Early Childhood - preschool: 3 to 6 years
Middle Childhood - School age: 6 to 12 years
Late Childhood - adolescent: 13 to approx. 18 years
All primitive reflexes develop during gestation and disappear by what range of months after birth? by the 3rd to 6th month
Declining intensity of primitive reflexes and increasing role of definitive motor actions
Milestone: lift head birth to 2 months
Milestone: push chest up with arms 2 months to 3 months
Milestone: roll from stomach 2 months to 4 months
Milestone: pull up with assistance 3 months to 5 months
Milestone: remain sitting w/o assistance once up 5 months to 7 months
Milestone: sit up w/o assistance 6 months to 9 months
Milestone: pull self up to stand 6 months to 9 months
Milestone: stand holding on to furniture 5 months to 9 months
Milestone: walk holding on to furniture 7 months to 10 months
Milestone: stand well alone 10 months to 13 months
Milestone: walk well alone 11 months to 13 months
Milestone: walk backward 12 months to 16 months
Birth to 2 years, gross motor growth occurs where first? torso (trunk of body)
Birth to 2 years, fine motor development example pincer grasp.
Toddler physical dev. ages 2-3 years, gross motor examples. sits on or peddles a tricycle w/ support, runs with few falls or trips, jumps over small obstacles.
Toddler physical dev, fine motor examples. uses untensils to feed self, scissors for cutting, holds and uses pencil or crayon for basic drawing, snaps, buttons or zips w/help.
Preschool physical dev. gross motor examples. runs with energy and coordination, catches a ball w/practice, throws ball 5 to 15 feet, hops on one foot.
Preschool physical dev. fine motor examples. builds using blocks stacked on top of each other, cuts paper in shapes, draws w/pencil, crayons, other implements, pours water from pitcher to cup.
Elementary aged physical development ages 5 to 10 gross motor examples. changes cloth w/o help, catches ball bounced to them, rides a bike with ability, carries out household tasks.
Elementary aged physical dev. fine motor examples. strings beads for projects, uses a comb, toothbrush, washcloth w/o support.
Language dev. 6 months vocalization with intonation, responds to human voices w/o visual cues by turning his head and eyes.
Language dev. 12 months. uses one or more works with meaning. understands simple instructions
language dev. 18 months. has vocab of approx. 5-20 words.
Language dev. 24 months. can name a number of objects common to his surroundings. vocab approx. 150-300 words.
language dev. 36 months handles three word sentences easily, 900-1000 in vocab. about 90 percent of what is said should be intelligible.
Language dev. 4 years knows one or more colors, make believe indulgment, knows names of familiar animals.
Language dev. 5 years can count to ten, speech should be completely intelligible, grammatically correct.
Language dev. 6 years speech should be completely intelligible and socially useful.
Language dev. 7 years should be able to tell time to quarter hour, simple reading and writing.
Language dev. 8 years speech sounds established, reading with ease, carry on conversation at adult level.
Middle childhood is what range of years? 6 to 12
At 6 years which gender is more accurate with movements? girls
7 years gross motor examples balance on one foot with eyes closed.
8 years gross motor examples grip objects w/ 12 pounds of pressure, throw ball farther.
9 years gross motor examples girls jump vertically 8.5 inches, boys 10 inches. boys run 16.6 feet per second, girls 16 feet per second.
10 years gross motor examples can judge and intercept directions of small balls thrown from a distance. both genders run 17ft/second.
11 years gross motor examples standing broad jump of 5 ft, girls 4.5 ft.
12 years gross motor examples can achieve high jump of 3 ft.
6-7 years fine motor example tie shoes and fasten buttons
8 years fine motor example use each hand independently
11 to 12 years fine motor example manipulate objects with almost as much capability as they show in adulthood
What occurs during cognitive development in middle childhood? shifting between preoperational thought to concrete operational thought (answers why questions with "because", and begins to reason.
What also occurs during cogntive dev. in middle childhood? concrete operational thought (applying logical operations to concrete problems, and decentering-take multiple aspects of a situation into account, less egocentric.
Cognitive dev. middle childhood Changes in the way the process and recall information, refinement of language.
Cogn. dev. middle childhood metalinguistic awareness- helps children achieve comprehension when information is fuzzy. realize miscommunication can not only be from themselves, but the other person. Improved language helps control and regulate behavior.
Pyschosocial dev. middle childhood. finding a place in social worlds, discover talents, self-esteem factor, friendships grow.
Created by: jkunik
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