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Computer Ethics1

QuestionAnswer
The act of copying someone else's work and publishing it as your own. Includes text, media, and even ideas. Work that is copied and republished without an appropriate reference or citation. Plagiarism
Each individual's published work is automatically protected by copyright. Length of copyright protection usually lasts for the life of the author plus 50 to 100 years. Copyright
When someone installs and uses commercial software without paying for the program. Can be anyone who owns a computer. Committed by simply downloading or copying a program that a user has not paid for. The same as stealing. Piracy
A range of abstract materials which are not owned or controlled by anyone. The term indicates that these materials are therefore “public property”, and available for any purpose. Defined as consisting of works that are either ineligible for copyright pro Public Domain
(1) the term of copyright for the work has expired; (2) the author failed to satisfy statutory formalities to perfect the copyright or (3) the work is a work of the U.S. Government. Public Domain
Criminal activity done using computers and the Internet. Includes downloading illegal music files to stealing millions of dollars from online bank accounts. Cybercrime
Refers to someone who can gain unauthorized access to other computers. "Hack" his or her way through the security levels of a computer system or network. Figuring out somebody else's password or as complex as writing a custom program to break another co Hacker
Small programs or scripts that can negatively affect the health of your computer. Malicious programs can create files, move files, erase files, consume your computer's memory, and cause your computer not to function correctly. Can duplicate themselves, Virus
Typically invisible files. Tunnels through computer's memory and hard drive. A type of virus that replicates itself, but does not alter any files on your machine. Can cause havoc by multiplying so many times that they take up all your computer's availab Worm
Software programs that masquerade as regular programs:games, disk utilities, and even antivirus programs. Can do malicious things to your computer. Trojan Horse
Programs that scan incoming files for viruses before they can cause damage to your computer. Norton AntiVirus, McAfee VirusScan, and Virex. It is a good idea to have one of these programs on your computer to prevent a virus attack. Antivirus
A means of disabling a system’s security which is deliberately left by designers of the system, often to give access to service technicians or maintenance programmers. Method of bypassing normal authentication, securing remote access to a computer, obtain Back Door
To hoax, trick, or deceive. Refers tricking or deceiving computer systems or other computer users. Hiding one's identity or faking the identity of another user on the Internet. E-mail spoofing involves sending messages from a bogus e-mail address or faki Spoofing
Limits data that can pass through it and protects a networked server or client machine from damage by unauthorized users. Hardware (router) or software-based. Firewall
Coding or scrambling of information so that it can only be decoded and read by someone who has the correct decoding key. Encryption
Captures information like Web browsing habits, e-mail messages, usernames and passwords, and credit card information. Can transmit this data to another person's computer over the Internet. Can be installed when you open an e-mail attachment containing th Spyware
Refers to junk e-mail or irrelevant postings to a newsgroup or bulletin board. Unsolicited e-mail messages about refinancing your home, reversing aging, and losing those extra pounds. Spamming other people is definitely not cool and is one of the most no Spam
Refers to fraud that involves stealing money or getting other benefits by pretending to be someone else. Refers to all types of crime in which someone wrongfully obtains and uses another person's personal data in some way that involves fraud or deception, Identity Theft
Small amount of data generated by a website and saved by your web browser. Purpose: to remember information about you. store login information for a specific site. Some sites will save both your username and password in a cookie, while others will only s Cookies
Free software supported by advertisements. Common adware programs are toolbars that sit on your desktop or work in conjunction with your Web browser. Include features like advanced searching of the Web or your hard drive and better organization of your bo Adware
Con game that scammers use to collect personal information from unsuspecting users. Attempt to steal your personal information. Sends out e-mails that appear to come from legitimate websites such as eBay, PayPal, or other banking institutions stating tha Phishing
A legal statement which indicates the terms under which a user may make use of a software product. License Agreement
A copy of one or more files created as an alternate in case the original data is lost or becomes unusable. Save several copies of a research paper on your hard drive as backup files in case you decide to use a previous revision. Save the backups to a USB Backup
To return something to its former condition. When you restore a computer or other electronic device, you return it to a previous state. This may be a previous system backup or the original factory settings. Restore
Ethics is a set of moral principles that govern the behavior of a group or individual. Computer ethics is set of moral principles that regulate the use of computers. Common issues of computer ethics include intellectual property rights (such as copyrighte Computer Ethics
The application of scientifically proven methods to gather, process, interpret, and use digital evidence to provide a description of cyber crime activities. Computer Forensics
Created by: lisafredee