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Endocronology

College anatomy

TermDefinition
Growth Hormone (GH) Anterior pituary Gland-causes cell growth
Prolactin Anterior Puitatry gland- stimulates milk production after birth
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Anterior puitatry cland-controlls thyroid gland secretions
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Anterior puitatry gland- controlls secretions of hormones from adrenal cortexon adrenal gland (Kidney)
FSH- Anterior puitaty gland Anterior puitatry gland stimulates follicles to produce egg and sperm
LH Anterior puitatary gland- pitutary gland
Antidiuretic Hormone posterior puitary gland- tells kidneys to conserve water and increase blood pressure
Oxytocin posterior puitary gland- contracts uterine muscles and muscles of milk secreting glands
Thyroxine Thyroid gland- regulates metabolism,acclerates growth,and stimulates nervous system activity. Also needs Iodine.Important for normal growth and devolepment.
Triiodothyronine Thyroid Gland- Does the same thing as Thyroxine. Also needs Iodine.Important for normal grwoth and devolepment.
Calcitonin Thyroid gland- inhibitys bone cells from reabsorbing calcium, increases loss of calcium by kidneys- counteracts parathyroid hormone.
Parathyroid hormone Parathyroid- increases calcium concentration in the bloodstream. Decreases it in the kidneys. Targets bones, kidneys, and intestines.
Epinepherine Adrenal Medulla- targets heart, blood vessles, airways, brain, liver, metabolic rate, stimulated by syphathetic nervous system to produce fight for flight mode. Adrenal Medulla- Increases heart rate, dialates blood vessels, raises blood pressure.
Norepinephine adrenal medulla- does the same thing as epinepehrine
Alsosterone- adrenal cortex- targets kidneys, regulates electrolytes, tells kidneys when to conserve sodium ions, and get rid of potassium ions. adrenal cortex- Maintains homeostasis of blood volume by causing water retention.
cortisol (targets liver) adrenal cortex- inhibits protein synthesis in tissues, promotes fatty acid release from fatty tissue, stimuleates liver to make glucose from protein sources. It keeps glucose level normal between meals, ACTH from piuuary gland regulates this hormone
Pancreas produces digestive enzymes and hormones. Also releases hormones to regulate sugar concentration of the blood
melatonin pineal gland- helps regulate day/ night cycle. affects reproduction cycles , sleep cycles, inhibits secretion of gonadotropic hormones.
Ovaries and testies produce estrogen, proesterone and testosterone. effects specific hormones or body cells
prostaglandins short lived hormone that affects cells within that organ
Created by: amterry