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jenkins poetry

poetic devices

alliteration The repetition of the same or very similar consonant sounds in words that are close together. Alliteration is a poetic sound device.
allusion a reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, or science.
figure of speech a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else and is not literally true (simile, metaphors, personification)
free verse poetry without a regular meter or a rhyme scheme
imagery language that appeals to the senses
metaphor an imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another thing.
extended metaphor a metaphor that is developed, or extended, through several lines of writing or even throughout an entire poem.
onomatopoeia the use of words whose sounds echo their sense. (onomatopoeia is a poetic sound device)
personification A figure of speech in which a nonhuman or nonliving thing or quality is talked about as if it were human or alive.
poetry a kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to emotion and imagination
elegy a poem that mourns the passing of something that is important to the writer.
narrative poem a poem that tells a story, it has a plot, characters, and setting
epic poem long narrative poem telling about a hero's deeds
ballad a narrative poem written to show the reader dramatic events
lyric poem major form of poetry that expresses feelings
sonnet a lyric poem of 14 lines and follows a strict form
ode a type of lyric poem that celebrates something and is lighthearted.
refrain a group of words repeated at intervals in a poem, song, or speech.
rhyme repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words close together in a poem
rhythm a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition of certain other sound patterns
simile a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as
stanza in a poem a group of consecutive lines that forms a single unit
symbol a person, a place, a thing, or an event that has its own meaning and stands for something beyond itself as well.
Created by: jjj117