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Literacy Terms

Literacy Terms (Elements of a Story)

Literacy TermsDefinitions
genre type or category of literature
setting time and place of a story
plot order of events in a story
exposition beginning of a story; sets up characters and setting
rising action parts in the story where tension increases and a conflict is often introduced
climax highest point of action in a story or the turning point in a story
falling action a decline in story events where the conflict or problem begins to be resolved
resolution outcome or conclusion of a story
point of view the position from which the story is told; who is telling the story 1st, 2nd, or 3rd person
characters those portrayed in a story
protagonist central character; often "good guy"
antagonist one who opposes the protagonist; often "bad guy"
foreshadowing clues or hints to what might happen next
fact true information that can be proven
opinion a belief or attitude
comparing/contrasting showing how two things are alike or different
personification descriptions used to make something seem more human
simile telling that two things are the same by using "like" or "as"
irony events in a story that are contrary or opposite to what is expected
flashback a break in a story that goes back to tell about earlier or past events
dialogue the "talking" of characters in stories
theme a message that the author is trying to communicate
conflict main problem or struggle related to the plot
Created by: brenda Nash



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