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In 1879, he met Wagner, who asked him to help stage Parsifal Engelbert Humperdinck
One of his first successful compositions was 1884's The Luck of Edenhall Engelbert Humperdinck
His 1910 opera The King's Children opened in New York, and his fantasy The Miracle premiered in London in 1911 with less success Engelbert Humperdinck
His best-known works include incidental music for Maeterlinck's The Blue Bird and an 1893 opera with a libretto by his sister Adelheid Wette, based on a tale from the Brothers Grimm Engelbert Humperdinck
FTP, name this composer of Hansel und Gretel. Engelbert Humperdinck
This piece was originally the first of three sections in the composer's Mouvements Symphoniques, and the composer borrowed several ideas from the score he created for the film The Wheel Pacific 231
The main thrust of this piece is to recall one theme on horns, then trumpets, in longer and weightier note-values Pacific 231
The repetitiveness of this seven-minute musical work attempts to evoke the sounds of hissing steam, churning wheels, and increasing speed Pacific 231
FTP, identify this musical movement about an accelerating locomotive by Arthur Honegger. Pacific 231
Important arias in this opera include Hat man nicht auch Gold beineben and Gott! welch Dunkel hier! In a side plot, Jacquino is rejected by Marzelline, who loves the title character Fidelio
Marzelline's father, Rocco, is the jailer and the only one allowed in the lower dungeon levels according to Don Pizarro Fidelio
Don Fernando arrives at the end to free the character Florestan from prison upon learning that it is Leonore dressed as the title character Fidelio
FTP, identify this only opera by Beethoven. Fidelio
This one-movement orchestral work begins with eight solo cellos intoning the theme of the hymn God Preserve Thy People, which returns in full instrumental panoply at the end 1812 Overture
Written to commemorate the consecration of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, this work, the composer's Opus 49 in E-flat major, reaches a climax with the folk theme God Save the Czar shortly after the strings invoke the battle scene depicted by the use 1812 Overture
Punctuated at the end with the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, FTP, identify this work by Tchaikovsky that celebrates the end of the Napoleonic Wars. 1812 Overture
This man studied under Antonio Buzzolla before receiving his education at the Milan Conservatory from Mazzucato Arrigo Boito
Influenced heavily by his friendship with Franco Faccio, with whom he collaborated on the opera Amleto, he gained much fame as the most prominent figure of the literary movement Scapigliatura Arrigo Boito
His musical career included composing the libretti for Ponchielli's La Gioconda Arrigo Boito
The composer of the opera Mefistofele, he is better known for writing the libretti to such works as Simon Boccanegra and Otello Arrigo Boito
FTP, identify this librettist most famous for working with Giuseppe Verdi. Arrigo Boito
Its premier was conducted by Felix Mendelssohn Spring Symphony or Symphony No. 1
This symphony's composer received inspiration for the first movement, Allegro molto vivace, from the poems of Adolf Bottger Spring Symphony or Symphony No. 1
Opening with a brass fanfare found throughout the entire work, it gives way to the Larghetto of the second movement, punctuated by divided violins and trombones Spring Symphony or Symphony No. 1
The third movement, a scherzo, contains two trios, while the Finale adopts a theme from the composer's Kreisleriana Spring Symphony or Symphony No. 1
FTP, identify this symphony in B-flat major bearing a seasonal title by Robert Schumann. Spring Symphony or Symphony No. 1
Popular excerpts from this opera include the duet Ah! l'honnête homme! and En vain j'espère un sort prospère Robert the Devil or Robert le diable
The villain, revealed to be the title character's father, sinks into the earth at the end after Alice aids the title character in attaining his love Robert the Devil or Robert le diable
Set in Palermo, it begins with Raimbaut singing a ballad of marriage to the title character, who must win the Princess Isabelle at a tournament Robert the Devil or Robert le diable
The climax of this opera occurs when dead nuns rise from their graves and assist the title character in stopping the Prince of Granada Robert the Devil or Robert le diable
FTP, identify this opera about a Norman king by Giacomo Meyerbeer. Robert the Devil or Robert le diable
The first of them is in three movements with an introductory first movement with a two-section melody Bachianas Brasileiras
The final was for string orchestra and the only one to not have double titles Bachianas Brasileiras
The sixth was for flute and bassoon, while the first and fifth were both for eight cellos Bachianas Brasileiras
That fifth, the most popular of them, included a spirited Danza with a melody meant to suggest birds of the title country Bachianas Brasileiras
The ninth and final one was composed in 1945, the year of Getulio Vargas' overthrow Bachianas Brasileiras
FTP, name this series of nine nationalistic compositions inspired by the music of JBach and composed by Heitor Villa-Lobos. Bachianas Brasileiras
Heinrich Panofka published five volumes of them during the 19th century, and Peter Racine-Fricker composed one in 1965 vocalises
Jean-Antoine Bérard, in his L'Art du Chant, may have started the tradition from which these pieces are derived, as it included twenty works of Lully, Rameau, and others, as exercises vocalises
Vaughan Williams composed three for soprano and clarinet in 1958 vocalises
FTP, identify this term whose most famous example may be Rachmaninoff's Opus 34, Number 14, a concert piece or vocal exercise which is sung to one or more vowels. vocalises
"At the Castle Gate" and "The Three Blind Sisters" are two of the sections written by Sibelius as in the piece of incidental music with this title Pelleas and Melisande or Pelleas et Melisande
While a cabaret musician in Berlin, Schoenberg also wrote a symphonic poem, his Opus No Pelleas and Melisande or Pelleas et Melisande
5, on this theme Pelleas and Melisande or Pelleas et Melisande
The famous Sicilienne movement is included among the four sections of the orchestral suite composed by Faure Pelleas and Melisande or Pelleas et Melisande
However, the most famous rendition might be the opera of Debussy Pelleas and Melisande or Pelleas et Melisande
FTP, identify these musical works all based on a play written by Maurice Maeterlinck. Pelleas and Melisande or Pelleas et Melisande
The opening theme borrows from Poulenc's Mouvements Perpetuels, but the central "slow walk" section proves more memorable in this concerto written in F An American in Paris
In the second part, the setting of the sun is depicted by a solo violin cadenza followed by the famous trumpet "blues" passage, which leads into a saxophone-rich conclusion An American in Paris
The first part contrasts symphonic depictions of car horns with more peaceful passages while the concluding "Postlude: Memories" contains excerpts from the entire work An American in Paris
FTP, name this Gershwin piece depicting an expatriate in a certain city. An American in Paris
There were about three hundred of them, or five annual cycles of sixty each, but only about one hundred ninety remain Sacred Cantatas
Most of them were written between 1723, when their composer became Kantor at the Saint Thomas School in Leipzig, and 1730, a period when he also wrote the Magnificat and the Saint John's Passion Sacred Cantatas
Performed before the sermon and based on the day's Gospel text, FTP, name this group of choral compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach. Sacred Cantatas
His middle career saw critics of his Cello Concerto for Gregor Piatigorsky label him a reactionary, and his popularity never recovered, though his late output including a Passacaglia for Violincello Solo for Rostropovitch and an adaptation of Chekhov's Th Sir William Turner Walton
Possibly the best remembered piece from his later career is his Variations on a Theme of Hindemith, but his highest success came with his Crown Imperial March, after which he was hailed as the successor to Elgar Sir William Turner Walton
FTP, who is this British composer best remembered for his oratorio Belshazzar's Feast? Sir William Turner Walton
He failed to win the Prix de Rome five times Maurice Ravel
His piano cycles include Miroirs and Gaspard de la Nuit, and he was fascinated by the east as evidenced by Tzigone, a work inspired by gypsy music Maurice Ravel
He composed adaptations of three of Tristan Klingsor's Sherezade poems and wrote two full length operas, The Spanish Hour and The Child and His Spells Maurice Ravel
FTP, name this French composer who modified Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition, most famous for his repetitive Bolero. Maurice Ravel
The theme of this work appears for the final time in a disfigured form played by muted horns and violins, and after a subsequent chord in the flutes the music dissolves, marking the end of the piece Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
Early on, the call of horns and a series of arpeggios in the harp are intended to depict a sylvan setting Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
It opens with a lonely chant for solo flute symbolizing the half-dreaming state of the title creature, whose dozing in the warm sunshine of the Apennines has been interrupted by a vision of fleeing nymphs Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
FTP, what is this symphonic poem based on a Mallarme poem, composed by Claude Debussy? Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun or Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
He composed Seven Sonnets of Michelangelo and Les Illuminations specifically for the tenor Peter Pears, who gained fame as the lead in his opera Death in Venice Benjamin Britten
A student of Frank Bridge, he composed music intended for church performance like Noye's Floode and Curlew River, but is better known for operas like Billy Budd and The Turn of the Screw Benjamin Britten
FTP, who is this British composer of the War Requiem and Peter Grimes? Benjamin Britten
The refrain "Funny they don't see us!" is repeated throughout this work, in which the protagonists begin by heading towards Mosquito Inlet The Open Boat
Based on the author's own experiences on a gun-running trip to Cuba, it begins with the line, "None of them knew the color of the sky," and ends with a man who "shone like a saint" saving the lives of everyone except Billie the oiler The Open Boat
Subtitled, "A tale intended to be after the fact, being the experience of four men sunk from the steamer Commodore," this is, FTP, what 1894 story by Stephen Crane? The Open Boat
Eduard Lalo wrote a "Norwegian" one for orchestra in 1879, while Charles Stanford wrote a whole set of Irish ones rhapsody
The word derives from a Greek word for a professional dramatic reciter of Homeric poems, and the word came to mean a free-form composition rhapsody
The comic story of a man getting a job on a construction site during the Depression was Fantasia II's setting of the jazz piano concerto that is the most famous American work in, FTP, what musical form that includes Liszt's Hungarian ones, Rachmaninoff's rhapsody
The Minuet in this work features a trio that, unlike many of the composer's other pieces, is not self-contained London Symphony (accept early Symphony No. 104)
This is followed by the finale marked Spiritoso that, oddly enough, treats a Croatian folk song London Symphony (accept early Symphony No. 104)
The Adagio introduction is monumental, but shifts to a wistful Allegro D major marking that could be a farewell to foreign fans London Symphony (accept early Symphony No. 104)
Written during the composer's second stay in the title location, it is part of a twelve-work cycle alternately called the "Salomon" symphonies London Symphony (accept early Symphony No. 104)
FTP, identify this work, #104, Franz Joseph Haydn's final symphony named for a certain British city. London Symphony (accept early Symphony No. 104)
Featured prominently in Cesar Frank's Symphony in D, solos for this instrument are included at the beginning of Act Three of Wagner's Tristan and Isolde and in the second movement of Dvorak's New World Symphony English horn (accept early cor anglais)
It has been suggested its name came from a misspelling of the French phrase for "angled horn" which refers to the bend near the mouthpiece English horn (accept early cor anglais)
FTP, identify this double-reed woodwind, an alto oboe originally called a "cor anglais." English horn (accept early cor anglais)
This opera was a dud on opening night because of the extremely obese soprano, who was dying of an unknown disease La Traviata
In the complete version, the lead tenor rushes to Paris in Act II, responding to news that the title character has been selling her possessions so they can live in the country in "O mio rimoroso!" While he is away, his father Giorgio initiates a dialogu La Traviata
Germont's relationship with the title character may jeopardize the chances of his sister marrying La Traviata
Despite admitting that she suffers from consumption, FTP, Violetta Valery leaves her lover Alfredo and later dies in what Verdi opera? La Traviata
The first of them calls for three oboes, a bassoon, continuo strings, and the violino piccolo, though most noticeable is the use of hunting horns Brandenburg Concertos (only need "Brandenburg" after concertos are mentioned)
The last of them was the first composed, but the third might be the most famous as the composer played the viola part, while the viola da gamba was played by the composer's patron, Prince Leopold Brandenburg Concertos (only need "Brandenburg" after concertos are mentioned)
Written at the height of their creator's time as Kappelmeister at Cothen in 1721, this set of works was drawn from the innovations of Vivaldi Brandenburg Concertos (only need "Brandenburg" after concertos are mentioned)
FTP, identify this set of six concertos by J.S Brandenburg Concertos (only need "Brandenburg" after concertos are mentioned)
Bach named for a region of Germany. Brandenburg Concertos (only need "Brandenburg" after concertos are mentioned)
Ross Gorman improvised the music that begins this work as a gag, but the composer liked it enough to keep it Rhapsody in Blue
Commissioned by Paul Whiteman for a concert called "An Experiment in Modern Music," it opens with the aforementioned glissando for clarinet that many classical soloists have trouble performing Rhapsody in Blue
There are two orchestrations by Ferde Grofe, a later one for a full orchestra and an original for a jazz band Rhapsody in Blue
FTP, name this work that melds jazz and classical styles, a popular piano concerto by George Gershwin. Rhapsody in Blue
The middle section may feature stretto, augmentation, or inversion in a series of episodes fugues
The ricercare and canzone are derived from this form whose notable examples include twelve alternating with interludes in Hindemith's Ludus Tonalis, the final section of Brahms Variations on a Theme by Handel, and the 95 for the organ written by Pachelbel fugues
FTP, identify this musical form that begins with a subject followed by an answer in a different voice, a form mastered by JS Bach in his Musical Offering and Well-Tempered Clavier. fugues
Francois Poulenc wrote eight of them, including "Ball of the Young Women" and "Phalenes." Though it was Irish composer John Field that introduced this type of composition the nocturne
A set of three symphonic poems entitled "Clouds," "Festivals" and "Sirens" shares this name, though the work's title was taken from paintings of Whistler by its composer, Claude Debussy the nocturne
The best-known example is a series of 21 pieces for piano by Chopin the nocturne
FTP, give this musical term which comes from the French for "of the night." the nocturne
Among his compositions are "Heart Wounds" and "The Last Spring," melodies after a popular poem of his nation Edvard Grieg
His piano works include the Humoresques and 66 Lyric Pieces, among which are the "Cradle Song" and "Wedding Day at Troldhaugen." His first major work was the Piano Concerto in A minor, which was first sight-read by Franz Liszt, but he gained widespread f Edvard Grieg
FTP, name this author of the Holberg Suite and two suites for Peer Gynt, the greatest Norwegian composer. Edvard Grieg
It was first performed after Joseph Huttenbrunner's persistent badgering of conductor Johann Herbeck Unfinished Symphony (accept buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphony, before the 8th is mentioned)
The 14-minute first movement begins by laying down a cornerstone in the basses and was part of the portion sent to the Styrian Music Society for an award given to its composer Unfinished Symphony (accept buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphony, before the 8th is mentioned)
Set aside when its composer had contracted syphilis in 1822, it is numbered before the composer's so-called "Great" Symphony Unfinished Symphony (accept buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphony, before the 8th is mentioned)
FTP, name this 8th symphony written by Franz Schubert of which only two movements are complete. Unfinished Symphony (accept buzz of Schubert's Eighth Symphony, before the 8th is mentioned)
Only the lament of his Arianna survives Claudio Monteverdi
He created the "excited style" which is displayed in his The Combat of Tancredi and Clorinda, and his most notable example of sacred work was the Vesprodella Beata Virgine Claudio Monteverdi
A longtime maestro di cappella at St Claudio Monteverdi
Luke's, he was employed by Gonzaga family of Mantua during his early career Claudio Monteverdi
His two most noted works concern a Roman emperor's casting off of his wife Ottavia and marriage to his mistress and a musician descending into the Underworld Claudio Monteverdi
FTP, identify this originator of the opera who composed The Coronation of Poppaea and Orfeo. Claudio Monteverdi
Chopin wrote one for piano in C major, Glinka composed one for piano in D minor, and Rossini produced a "tartare" version Bolero
Introduced by Sebastian Zerezo, this type of piece features the interplay between the "paseo" or walk portion and the "bien parado" or sudden stop Bolero
The most famous example begins with a snare drum and, with the exception of the shift in harmony from C to E towards the end, features a recurrent rhythmic obbligato throughout Bolero
That piece of music was composed for a namesake ballet in 1928 Bolero
FTP, identify this Spanish dance which also titles the most famous piece of orchestral music by Maurice Ravel. Bolero
Its opening scene begins with an Allegro Giusto movement and shows the protagonist on the eve of his coming-of-age ceremony, celebrating with his friend Benno and his drunk tutor Wolfgang Swan Lake
To escape the Queen Mother's reminders of his eventual need to marry, the protagonist goes hunting in the forest and is discovered by the evil wizard Von Rothbart, who plots to have his daughter Odile seduce the hero and prevent him from breaking the curs Swan Lake
Such is the story of Prince Sigfried, in, FTP, what Tchaikovsky ballet about a maiden who spends her days in the form of a white bird in the title pond? Swan Lake
In his earlier years, he was inspired by a visit to Alassio for his overture In the South, and he paid homage to a medieval historian in his Froissart Overture Sir Edward Elgar
Major successes included his Imperial March and a four-part work, whose first part, "Land of Hope and Glory," would become his nation's unofficial second national anthem Sir Edward Elgar
Another major piece was a fourteen-part collection that depicted numerous friends of his, and contained such cryptically titled movements as "C.A.E." and "Nimrod." FTP, name this British composer of the Enigma Variations and the Pomp and Circumstance mar Sir Edward Elgar
It opens with a French overture in minuet rhythm, "Fear no danger," though more typical songs follow Dido and Aeneas
These include "Purse thy conquest, Love" and "Come away, fellow sailors," as well as the aria, "When I am laid in Earth," which is sung by one of the title characters and is known as her "lament." Nahum Tate wrote the libretto and was present at its firs Dido and Aeneas
FTP, name this opera about a queen of Carthage and a Trojan prince, the most famous work of Henry Purcell. Dido and Aeneas
Among his late works is the string quartet From My Life Bedrich Smetana
His brief time spent with Wagner led to one opera, Dalibor, which was much less successful than Libuse, an opera about a legendary figure in his nation's history Bedrich Smetana
Another opera, The Brandenburgers of Bohemia, like many of his works was created after the deafness that set in as a result of syphilis Bedrich Smetana
Vyserad and Moldau are just two of the six symphonic poems that make up his Ma Vlast, or My Country Bedrich Smetana
FTP, name this Czech composer of the opera The Bartered Bride. Bedrich Smetana
As a youth he studied with Carl Czerny in Vienna and went on to take composition lessons from Ferdinando Paer and Anton Reicha Franz Liszt
His major compositions include the character pieces that make up the three-volume Years of Pilgrimage and a symphonic poem based on lines by his friend Lamartine, Les Preludes Franz Liszt
His orchestral works include the two Mephisto Waltzes, but he is remembered for it is for compositions for a specific instrument, as in his 12 Transcendental Etudes Franz Liszt
FTP, name this man, whose other compositions for the piano include his set of 20 Hungarian Rhapsodies. Franz Liszt
Act Three opens in a bridal chamber before moving to the banks of the Scheldt, which is also the setting for the beginning of this work Lohengrin
That first act sees the arrival of Henry the Fowler and a confrontation between the title character and the husband of Ortrud Lohengrin
By the end, the title character kills said husband, Telramund, causes the reappearance of Gottfried, and vanishes though not via his swan-drawn boat Lohengrin
FTP, name this romantic opera about the savior of Elsa, a Knight of the Holy Grail and son of Parsifal, a work by Richard Wagner. Lohengrin
Roberto Gerard's is nicknamed "Collages," and a better known one features a soloist singing from the Polish Songs of Lysagora Third Symphony or Symphony No. 3 (only need the number after the asterisk)
That one, by Henryk Gorecki, is nicknamed * "Symphony of Sorrowful Songs," while Camille Saint-Saens' is commonly known as "Organ." The best-known work of this number was completed in 1804 and was initially composed "In Memory of a Great Man." FTP, give Third Symphony or Symphony No. 3 (only need the number after the asterisk)
The form was brought to France by Antoine Charpentier, although Berlioz's Infancy of Christ is the most famous French one oratorio
Recent examples include Krzysztof Penderecki's Saint Luke Passion, and Liszt worked in this form to create Christus and The Legend of Saint Elizabeth oratorio
Other examples include Beethoven's Christ on the Mount of Olives, Elgar's Dream of Gerontius, Mendelssohn's Elijah, and Haydn's Creation oratorio
FTP, name this form consisting of a two-act dramatic vocal and orchestral rendition of a sacred subject, a form often associated with Georg Handel. oratorio
An onrushing scherzo is interrupted by a selection of "hunt music" in the third-movement Trio Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major, Op. 55 (accept Eroica before it is said)
This follows a C minor slow "Funeral March" section, which was preceded by the unusually long first movement that features a jarring C sharp breaking up the symphony's main theme Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major, Op. 55 (accept Eroica before it is said)
Although it was really dedicated to Prince Lobkowitz, one story posits that it was called Sinfonia Grande in honor of another man Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major, Op. 55 (accept Eroica before it is said)
That is, until the conductor read an article brought to him by pupil Ferdinand Ries that Napoleon had declared himself emperor Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major, Op. 55 (accept Eroica before it is said)
FTP identify this work which was completed in 1804 by Ludwig Van Beethoven, a symphony in E Flat Major also known as the Eroica. Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major, Op. 55 (accept Eroica before it is said)
This symphony was the best-received work of the composer during his lifetime, and it was the last of his pieces he saw premiered Mahler's 8th Symphony (Accept the Symphony of a Thousand before it is mentioned)
It has only two movements: the first is a setting of the Latin hymn, "Veni creator spiritus" Mahler's 8th Symphony (Accept the Symphony of a Thousand before it is mentioned)
The second movement can be divided into three sections that approximate the slow movement, scherzo, and finale of a traditional symphony Mahler's 8th Symphony (Accept the Symphony of a Thousand before it is mentioned)
As a setting of the final scene of Goethe's "Faust", its subject matter seems distant from the first movement, but the composer saw them in a similarly spiritual light Mahler's 8th Symphony (Accept the Symphony of a Thousand before it is mentioned)
FTP, name this 1906 work whose call for an unusually large chorus and orchestra resulted in the nickname the "Symphony of a Thousand". Mahler's 8th Symphony (Accept the Symphony of a Thousand before it is mentioned)
His minor works include a choral setting of the hymn Let there be Light, "Song for the Harvest Season," and the cantata The Celestial Country Charles Ives
Though not a great student, he managed to absorb Horatio Parker's teachings even though he felt the latter's music was dull and unmasculine Charles Ives
For inspiration he turned to his own father, who had founded the Danbury Town Bannd." The third of his five symphonies won the Pulitzer and his 114 Songs include some of the same settings as his Three Places in New England Charles Ives
FTP, identify this American modernist composer and insurance agent who wrote "The Unanswered Question," the Holidays Symphony, and the Concord Sonata. Charles Ives
Two thirds of the spoken text in this work were contributed by Christopher Knowles, an autistic 14 year old who worked with stage director Robert Wilson Einstein on the Beach
Three recurring visual images occur during the performance-a trial/bed setting, a spaceship, and trains-all of which are meant to conjure up the title figure as the composer's trademark repetitive measures are piled on top of one another for maximum effec Einstein on the Beach
Featuring a roaming simulacrum of the title figure, complete with moustache and wild hair, as violinist who wanders in and out of scenes, what is this 1974 opera, FTP, whose performers sport short sleeved white shirts and a pipe just like the man who disc Einstein on the Beach
Originally a violin player he visited Russia on a tour and ended up staying to study with Rimsky-Korsakoff Ottorino Respighi
His American trips inspired such works as Brazilian Impressions, while his time at St Ottorino Respighi
Cecilia's produced Church Windows, The Birds, and Three Pictures by Botticelli Ottorino Respighi
Operatic works include the children's piece Sleeping Beauty, Belfagor, and The Sunken Bell Ottorino Respighi
Works like the Ancient Airs and Dances for lute saw him exploring the traditions of his native Italy, one of whose major cities inspired his best known pieces Ottorino Respighi
FTP identify this composer of two symphonic poems that contain sections like "The Catacombs" and "The Appian Way," The Pines of Rome and The Fountains of Rome. Ottorino Respighi
Its final stanza is hurled out in E flat major, over a concluding fortissimo in the orchestra supplemented by organ, deep bells, and ten horns Resurrection or Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (prompt for name before Mahler is mentioned)
After its introduction, the composer felt it necessary to call for a five-minute pause before the start of the second movement, a minuet Resurrection or Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (prompt for name before Mahler is mentioned)
The following movement is based on a setting of the song "St Resurrection or Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (prompt for name before Mahler is mentioned)
Anthony of Padua's Sermon to the Fish," but it is the final movement, which is characterized by the chorus intoning the command "Arise," that gives this work its name Resurrection or Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (prompt for name before Mahler is mentioned)
FTP, name this symphony based on a Friedrich Klopstock ode and composed by Gustav Mahler. Resurrection or Symphony No. 2 in C Minor (prompt for name before Mahler is mentioned)
In Act Three of this work, a female character sings a song about the king of Thule, but her mind keeps straying back to the title figure Faust
Siebel is finally able to leave unwilted flowers at her door by dipping his hands in holy water, but the woman barely notices them next to the box of baubles left by another, at which point she sings the Jewel Song Faust
In Act Four, the woman's brother Valentin challenges the title figure to a duel for impregnating his sister, but Valentin is of course no match for his opponent, who has a lot of help Faust
In Act Five, the title character demands to see Marguerite on Walpurgis Night, and a band of angels prevents Mephistopheles from taking her to hell Faust
FTP, name this opera about a man who makes a pact with the devil, a work by Charles Gounod. Faust
His Variations on a theme of Corelli was released well after leaving his homeland for the U.S Sergei Rachmaninoff
where he twice turned down leadership of the Boston Symphony Sergei Rachmaninoff
His earlier output includes two Suites for two pianos, two elegiac trios for keyboard and strings, and a Vespers Sergei Rachmaninoff
His struggle with depression is evident and he actually dedicated his Second Symphony to his psychiatrist Nikolay Dahl Sergei Rachmaninoff
This occurred after his time studying with Alexander Solti and Nikolay Zverev in Moscow, and the writing of his opera Aleko Sergei Rachmaninoff
Other famous works by this Romantic composer include the choral symphony The Bells, the symphonic poem The Rock, and his Rhapsody on a theme of Paganini Sergei Rachmaninoff
FTP identify this 20th century composer best known for his third Piano Concerto No Sergei Rachmaninoff
3 in D Minor and The Isle of the Dead. Sergei Rachmaninoff
In 1874, this composer became totally deaf, possibly as a result of having contracted syphilis, and this is referred to in his 1st String Quartet "From My Life." However, many of his best works were written in the years leading up to his death in an asyl Bedrich Smetana
For ten points, name this first important Bohemian nationalist composer, best known for his opera The Bartered Bride Bedrich Smetana
While William Baker and August Jaeger are represented in this work, the composer dedicated the last one to himself, writing "E.D.U." next to the name of the piece The Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
The one preceding this lacks initials, but evidence indicates that it is perhaps written to Lady Mary Lygon or Helen Weaver, who was the composer's fiancée before she moved to New Zealand The Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
The fifth is dedicated to Richard Arnold, the son of Matthew Arnold, while the first is dedicated to the composer's wife The Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
For ten points, identify this set of compositions which are modifications to some well known tune, composed by Edward Elgar. The Enigma Variations or Variations on an Original Theme
The first movement of this symphony segues into a calm theme in G minor, a contrast to its bombastic opening theme in the main key Rhenish Symphony or 3rd Symphony
The next two movements are a rustic dance marked as a scherzo and a two-themed piece whose tempo direction simply is "not slow." Its fourth movement, described as "Feierlich," or "solemn," was inspired by a visit to the cathedral at Cologne Rhenish Symphony or 3rd Symphony
Ending with a lively, folk-themed fifth movement and written in E flat major, FTP, what is this Robert Schumann symphony named for a German river? Rhenish Symphony or 3rd Symphony
First performed by the Ballet Caravan in Chicago in 1938, it was turned into a concert suite two years later Billy the Kid
Lincoln Kirstein paired the choreographer Eugene Loring with its composer and the result was this work that opens with a vivid sonic depiction of prairie life followed by a processional and into the first movement "Street in a Frontier Town." The rest of Billy the Kid
FTP identify this work based on Burn's saga of William Bonney, a ballet by Aaron Copland. Billy the Kid
It appears between settings of the Rellstab poems On the River and Autumn as catalogued by Deutsch after its discovery by Schumann following its composer's death Schubert's 9th Symphony (prompt on early "The Great")
A French horn solo introduces an allegro ma non troppo dance passage in its first movement, followed by an oboe-dominated andante con moto and a cello-dependent scherzo Schubert's 9th Symphony (prompt on early "The Great")
The violin triplet supported fanfare of its finale features four blows identified as the composer's knocking on the gates of heaven Schubert's 9th Symphony (prompt on early "The Great")
FTP, name this work in C Major, the first complete symphony of the Romantic era, completed after the "Unfinished" symphony, and nicknamed "The Great." Schubert's 9th Symphony (prompt on early "The Great")
It was premiered at the opening of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in 1882 and begins with a hymn, God Preserve thy People, that sets a bucolic, peaceful scene 1812 Overture
Soon the horns enter, portraying the savage thrusts of the invaders and rending the tranquility of the scene 1812 Overture
Eventually playing bits of La Marseillaise, a diminuendo is followed by the most famous sound in the piece a barrage portraying noises of a raging battle 1812 Overture
It is then joined by the hymn God Save The Tsar, resplendent with pealing bells and fireworks 1812 Overture
FTP, name this piece technically known as Opus 49: Overture in E-flat, a patriotic work filled with cannon fire that honored the defeat of Napoleon's Russian campaign by Tchaikovsky. 1812 Overture
Among his secular works were four large panels on the theme of justice for the courtroom of Brussels that were destroyed in 1695 Rogier van der Weyden (or Rogelet de la Pature)
Other notable works include the Braque Triptych and St Rogier van der Weyden (or Rogelet de la Pature)
Luke Painting the Virgin Rogier van der Weyden (or Rogelet de la Pature)
His was renowned for his masterful handling of emotion, as seen in his celebrated Deposition, whose dramatic power and plain gold background are similar to an earlier work by his teacher, the Master of Flemalle Rogier van der Weyden (or Rogelet de la Pature)
FTP, who was this artist, whose name means "of the pasture," the leading Netherlandish painter of the mid-15th century? Rogier van der Weyden (or Rogelet de la Pature)
One version is a suite in four sections, including parts named "Prelude", "The Spinner", and the oft-omitted "Siciliana" Pelleas and Melisande
Written by Gabriel Faure, it is also the subject of a suite by Sibelius and a symphonic poem by Schoenberg Pelleas and Melisande
The most famous version is an opera notable for its almost word-for-word setting of the original text and subordinate use of impressionistic music sung by characters like Arkel and Golaud, as composed by Claude Debussy Pelleas and Melisande
FTP, what are these musical works based on a play by Maurice Maeterlinck? Pelleas and Melisande
Musical highlights of this opera include the duet "Libiamo," sung by the two principal characters at a party given by one of them, and the aria "Di Provenza il mar," sung to the male lead by his father, who is trying to get him to come back home so that h La Traviata
Alfredo has up to that point been doing a lot of singing about how much he loves living with the title character in spite of her sketchy past La Traviata
Violetta the courtesan sings awfully loud for someone who dies of TB at the end of, for 10 points, what opera by Verdi whose title means "the fallen woman." La Traviata
His works for the piano include Sonatina, Water Play, and Mirrors, and it was the uproar caused by this man's continuous slights at the Prix de Rome that got his teacher, Gabriel Faure, elected as head of the Conservatoire Maurice Ravel
His work La Valse was written five years before his collaboration with Colette, who wrote the libretto to his opera The Child and the Enchantments Maurice Ravel
Other important works include Gaspard de la Nuit, The Tomb of Couperin, and the Pavane for a Dead Princess Maurice Ravel
But it is Spanish inspired orchestral works like the Rapsodie Espagnole and another piece that premiered in 1928 that made his name Maurice Ravel
FTP identify this composer of Daphnis and Chloe and a piece made famous by Ida Rubinstein, the insistently repetitive Bolero. Maurice Ravel
At the end of this work, its composer's opus 34, the brass section plays the central theme while the instruments enter a fugue one by one beginning with the piccolo A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra
The central theme is taken from the incidental music to Aphra Behn's Abdelazar A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra
In sequence, the woodwind, brass, strings, and percussion are then featured with each individual instrument given its own variation A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra
Subtitled Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Henry Purcell, FTP, name this work originally composed to accompany a documentary on the orchestra by Benjamin Britten. A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra
Five years after its rather dismal premiere its composer decided to release this opera as a suite featuring such sections as "The Ridiculous People," "Scene from Hades," and "Flight:" which corresponds to Celio's appearance in the finale Love for Three Oranges or Love of the Three Oranges
It begins when the King of Clubs persuades his minister, Leandro, to cure his son's melancholy Love for Three Oranges or Love of the Three Oranges
Soon he has offended Fata Morganna and must go to the witch Creonte to find the title objects Love for Three Oranges or Love of the Three Oranges
Eventually Truffaldino saves the Ninetta from her fruity prison and she falls in love with the Prince in FTP what 1921 work based on a story by Gozzi, an opera by Prokofiev. Love for Three Oranges or Love of the Three Oranges
He composed the scores for Pare Lorentz' The Plow That Broke the Plains and The River and Robert Flaherty's Louisiana Story Virgil Thompson
He composed a Sonata de chiesa for his graduation from study with Nadia Boulanger and soon after composed the Symphony on a Hymn Tune and a ballet called Filling Station Virgil Thompson
Jack Larson wrote the libretto for his third most important opera Lord Byron Virgil Thompson
His songs "Susie Asado", "Preciosilla", and his early success "Capital, Capitals" were all based on Gertrude Stein as were his two most famous works Virgil Thompson
For 10 points, name this American composer of Four Saints in Three Acts and The Mother of Us All. Virgil Thompson
Its second section invites the listener to feel the brass roar of the lion and uses a series of dotted notes to represent a stag bounding through a thicket The Creation or Der Schopfung
It begins with a series of unfocused harmonic textures and an atmosphere of vague formlessness, known as "Representation of Chaos," followed by the arrival of the three soloists Gabriel, Raphael, and Uriel The Creation or Der Schopfung
The third and final part of this 1795 work with a libretto by Gottfried von Swieten depicts the stirring of Adam and Eve in the Garden The Creation or Der Schopfung
FTP identify this oratorio based on Paradise Lost, featuring the famous "There was light" eruption, composed by Haydn. The Creation or Der Schopfung
The second one may have been inspired by Nicholas II's visit to Paris and frames an increasingly insistent march with frenzied flourishes Three Nocturnes
That piece, "Celebrations," is preceded by the first of them wherein a wispy string chord oscillates around a floating English horn solo Three Nocturnes
Both "Clouds" and the final piece, featuring a woman's choir, which is called "Sirens," owe inspiration to the poetry of Henri de Regnier and to the paintings of James Whistler, for which they were named, FTP, identify this trio of tone pictures by Claude Three Nocturnes
His building, the Opera-Nationale, had to be shut down during the Revolutions of 1848 prompting him to work as a music critic to pay off his debts Adolphe Adam
His later works include minor successes like The Toreador and If I was King, though his attempt at grand opera, Richard in Palestine, failed Adolphe Adam
Beginning a successful career at the Opera Comique with works like Pierre et Catherine and La Chalet, other compositions include the Le Postillon de Longjumeau and a series of ballets: Faust, The Girl from the Danube, and his most famous piece, a supernat Adolphe Adam
Its composer described it as a "gift to the nation" and his recent study of Bach's concertos lent much to the polyphony of the opening, an extended sonata structure in B flat Symphony of a Thousand
Especially notable are the solo violin passage in the first Infirma nostri corporis and the entry of the boys' choir in Gloria Patri Domino Symphony of a Thousand
The first movement is built around the hymn Veni Creator Spiritus while the last scene of Goethe's Faust: Part II forms the basis for the second Symphony of a Thousand
The composer's intent for the piece remains unknown, but its 1910 premiere is considered his greatest triumph Symphony of a Thousand
For 10 points, name this Mahler symphony, his eighth, that requires a lot of people to perform. Symphony of a Thousand
The unusual instrumentation required for this work was inspired by Johann Hummel's earlier work in the same form The Trout Quintet in A, D. 667
It begins with a long sonata-allegro and, as it continues, an andante is followed by a "dance poem" containing Austrian folk tunes The Trout Quintet in A, D. 667
Commissioned as a piece of Hausmusik by Sylvester Paumgartner during the composer's stay in Steyr, it ends with an energetic Hungarian style finale that sets off the fourth movement's variations on the title song The Trout Quintet in A, D. 667
FTP identify this 1819 composition for strings and piano, a quintet by Franz Schubert The Trout Quintet in A, D. 667
This composer's three-part cantus firmus, Durch Adams Fall, demonstrates his mastery of word-painting Ludwig Pachelbel
Beginning his musical instruction under Schwemmer, his organ works show influence from Froberger and Frescobaldi Ludwig Pachelbel
His Magnificats served to enhance the vespers at St Ludwig Pachelbel
Sebaldus, Nuremburg, where he served as organist, and in 1699 he wrote the set of six keyboard arias Hexachordum Apollinis Ludwig Pachelbel
A close personal friend of Dietrich Buxtehude, he was also the teacher of Johann Christoph Bach, but his reputation today rests mainly on a work for three violins and continuo Ludwig Pachelbel
For 10 points, identify this German composer of a Canon and Gigue in D Major. Ludwig Pachelbel
In the 1860's he composed several solo vocal ensembles including the Platen and Daumer lieder and most of the Magelone Romances Johannes Brahms
Welcomed as a guest by Duke Georg III and presented with the Meiningen Commander's Cross, he dedicated the Gesang der Parzen to the duke Johannes Brahms
His Klavierstucke characterize his later works, mostly shorter character pieces Johannes Brahms
Other works include "The Song of Destiny," and he did variations for the St Johannes Brahms
Anthony chorale attributed to Haydn before composing a piece for the university of Breslau based on student songs, the Academic Festival Overture Johannes Brahms
For 10 points, name this composer of four symphonies as well as the Christmas Oratorio and German Requiem. Johannes Brahms
The lesser-known musical piece of this name in the standard repertoire is an orchestral suite written in 1906 by Sibelius Belshazzar's Feast
The more popular work's libretto was written by Osbert Sitwell, who's sister, Elizabeth, had collaborated with its composer on Facade Belshazzar's Feast
The composition borrows various big band jazz rhythms and has the first sforzando-piano-crescendo articulation by a choir in its vocal depiction of Babylon Belshazzar's Feast
Utilizing verses from Revelation, the Psalms and Daniel, FTP, name this Biblically-themed oratorio for double mixed choir, baritone voice and orchestra, composed by William Walton. Belshazzar's Feast
His output for piano includes 13 nocturnes, five impromptus, and a pair of works, Berceuse and Elegie, for piano and violin Gabriel Urbain Faure
His Masques et Bergamasques is written for orchestra alone, and his two operas Promethee and Penelope were not big hits Gabriel Urbain Faure
He wrote incidental music for Pelleas and Melisande, but this student of Louis Niedermeyer and Saint-Saens is much more well known for works like "After a Dream" and "The Roses of Isphahan" which depict his mastery of the song cycle Gabriel Urbain Faure
As director of the Conservatoire this teacher of Ravel and Boulanger produced a famous Requiem for his deceased father, FTP, identify this composer of La Bonne Chanson. Gabriel Urbain Faure
Its second version, which appeared in 1947, included such revisions as replacing several legato passages with staccato accompaniment and the changing of some metronome markings Petrouchka
It opens at a Shrovetide gathering, with the title character freeing himself from the Showman, and returns to the gathering in Scene III, in which the title character's rival, the Moor, wins the love of the Ballerina Petrouchka
This "Burlesque in 4 scenes," was co-written by Alexandre Benois Petrouchka
For 10 points - name this ballet centering on the title puppet at a fair, with music by Igor Stravinsky. Petrouchka
The second movement, repeated virtually unaltered by Ravel in Daphnis and Chloe, follows a melancholy woodwind theme that is interrupted by nervous string oscillations that hearken back to the opening movement Scheherazade
That section presents a conversational melody in barcarole time interrupted by occasional brass accents Scheherazade
These two parts are followed by the flute melodies of "The Prince and the Princess." The title figure, represented throughout by a sinuous violin, introduces passages about the sinking of a ship, the arrival of the Roc, and a grand festival in Bagdhad Scheherazade
in FTP identify what symphonic suite containing The Story of the Kalender Prince and Sinbad's Ship, a work by Rimsky-Korsakov. Scheherazade
At the premiere its conductor was quoted as saying "let them boo, what do I care," and although the piece ended with a crowd pleasing march, audience members were displeased by the third movement's use of a recorded nightingale Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
Its opening depicts children at play and features a discordant trumpet call, this is contrasted by an austere second movement that climaxes with an insistent string figure in fifths Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
The music serves to evoke the title city and guides the listener from the "Villa Borghese" to "the Catacombs" and finally to the Appian Way Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
For 10 points - identify this symphonic poem describing spaces in which the title trees flourish, a work by Ottorino Respighi. Pines of Rome or Pini di Roma
In this opera, an apparition of Mercury strikes a breastplate with his caduceus, highlighting the fate of the central character Les Troyens
Despite his impending glory, Hylas expresses homesickness in the aria Vallon sonore Les Troyens
Iopas's aria Errantes sur le mers leads to the presentation of the Scepter of Iliona, and Iarbas's defeat follows its Royal Hunt and Storm Les Troyens
Other pieces include an early duet with Anna that reveals the queen's love for Sychaeus Les Troyens
Four ghosts, including Chorèbe and Priam, seal the two lovers' fates by convincing the title characters to sail for Italy Les Troyens
FTP, name this opera about Didon and Enèe, by Hector Berlioz. Les Troyens
The Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge Foundation commissioned his "fable madrigal" The Unicorn, the Gorgon, and the Manticore Gian Carlo Menotti
He used the Children's Crusade as the basis for his cantata The Death of the Bishop of Brindisi Gian Carlo Menotti
The Island God was poorly received compared to previous work like The Old Maid and the Thief, which followed on the heels of Amelia Goes to the Ball Gian Carlo Menotti
Magda commits suicide with a gas stove in The Consul and The Telephone is a one-act comedy Gian Carlo Menotti
For 10 points - name this man who was inspired by Bosch's The Adoration of the Magi to compose Amahl and the Night Visitors. Gian Carlo Menotti
This opera's line "I did not think to see you extinguished so soon, oh flower" is found on its composer's tombstone La Sonnambula or The Sleepwalker
The most famous arias are heard in the concluding second act, starting with the aforementioned "Ah, non credea mirarti" and culminating with "Ah! non giunge", sung while the protagonist is atop a bridge spanning a mill wheel La Sonnambula or The Sleepwalker
The wealthy young landowner Elvino becomes interested in Lisa after his fiancee is found in the bed of Count Rodolfo, who nevertheless convinces Elvino that Adina is innocent of infidelity because she is unaware of her activities during her nightly advent La Sonnambula or The Sleepwalker
For 10 points - what is this opera by Vincenzo Bellini? La Sonnambula or The Sleepwalker
Its first section states that a "full glass of wine at the proper moment is worth more than all the riches of the world," while its fourth section begins with a description of maidens picking lotus flowers among bushes The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
A man's stomach and soul become full of wine in its fifth section "The Drunkard in Spring," and the images of a jade bridge and green and white porcelain dominate its fifth section, "Of Youth." Its last section, "The Farewell," ends with the word "ewig" The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
For 10 points -- name this orchestration of Chinese poems that was deliberately not called a Ninth Symphony by Gustav Mahler. The Song of the Earth or Das Lied von der Erde
Idyll and Songs of Farewell were written with the help of Eric Fenby Frederick Delius
His opera Irmelin never became as popular as his Legen for violin and orchestra, which were composed following his move to Leipzig in 1886, where Edvard Greig first encouraged him Frederick Delius
He first gained popularity in England, via works like Brigg Fair and the orchestral interlude, 'A Walk to Paradise Garden,' which were promoted by Thomas Beecham Frederick Delius
Later compositions include Sea Drift and Mass of Life, but he is more remembered for the orchestral suite Florida and the tone poem On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring Frederick Delius
FTP, identify this one time orange planter, the English composer of A Village Romeo and Juliet. Frederick Delius
He used a melody by the father of his one-time girlfriend, Ernestine von Fricken, as the theme for his Symphonic Etudes Robert Schumann
His first composition was another set of "theme and variations" on the name of Countess Pauline Abegg, while his later works for piano include the Scenes from Childhood and Carnival Robert Schumann
He wrote four symphonies, the third of which is a work in five movements meant to depict Rhenish life Robert Schumann
FTP, name this German composer who also wrote the Spring Symphony. Robert Schumann
The score for this piece asks the pianist to make mistakes in certain passages Carnival of the Animals
Modern performances use the glockenspiel rather than the glass harmonica, and this piece references Berlioz's Valse des Sylphes, Can-Can from Offenbach's Orpheus in the Underworld, the aria from Rossini's Barber of Serville, "Ah vous dirais-je maman", and Carnival of the Animals
With introduction verses by Ogden Nash, FTP, name this famous piece by Saint-Saëns that features creatures as diverse as lions, elephants, kangaroos, and of course, the swan. Carnival of the Animals
Among this man's lieder are one on the murder of Murray and another on the poem "Ivan." This man's late piano works include a set of seven "Fantasies," his Opus 116, and three sets of "Klavierstücke," though he is better-known for keyboard works like the Johannes Brahms
He wrote two sets of Gypsy Songs, his Opus 103 and 112, both of which reflect the influence Hungarian folk music had on his work Johannes Brahms
His first symphony is often called "Beethoven's 10th," although his fourth and final one is better known Johannes Brahms
He used a German text for his Deutsches Requiem, which he dedicated to his mother, but he is better known for a set of songs written for the University of Breslau Johannes Brahms
FTP name this composer, perhaps best known for his Academic Festival Overture and a namesake lullaby. Johannes Brahms
One section of this work is based on designs for costumes for children dressed as canaries that would have been featured in the ballet Trilbi Pictures at an Exhibition or Pictures from an Exhibition
The second movement comes from a nutcracker in the shape of a gnome, while the fourth is dominated by a sustained bass that is heard constantly while the primary tune plays above Pictures at an Exhibition or Pictures from an Exhibition
That movement, "The Old Castle," accompanies such sections as "Limoges - The Market," "Bydlo," and "Two Jews, Rich and Poor," each of which is accompanied by a promenade Pictures at an Exhibition or Pictures from an Exhibition
The piece culminates with the penultimate movement, "The Hut on Fowl's Legs," followed by "The Great Gate at Kiev." FTP name this suite based on a set of paintings by Victor Hartmann, a work of Modest Mussorgsky. Pictures at an Exhibition or Pictures from an Exhibition
In 1954, this composer was posthumously awarded a Tony Award for his unwitting contribution to the Broadway musical Kismet Aleksandr Porfirevich Borodin
He arranged an Arabian melody as a favor to Darya Leonova, for whom he also orchestrated a setting of the satiric poem At Some Folks Houses Aleksandr Porfirevich Borodin
This artist's farce Bogatyry, or The Heroic Warriors mostly consists of themes from other operas, while his B minor symphony is frequently performed Aleksandr Porfirevich Borodin
His operas include The Tsar's Bride, which is lost, and the fourth act of Rimsky-Korsakov's Mlada, although they are less well known than the suite of Polovetsian dances excerpted from his most famous work, or his tone poem In the Steppes of Central Asia Aleksandr Porfirevich Borodin
FTP, name this research chemist and composer of Prince Igor. Aleksandr Porfirevich Borodin
He wrote about how the wedding night of Serafina and Annibale Pistacchio is marred by Enrico's use of the titular object in The Night Bell Gaetano Donizetti
He wrote about the title character's love for the count of Chalais, who is killed in a duel by a man who had previously killed the nephew of Richelieu, in Maria di Rohan Gaetano Donizetti
In his greatest comic opera, the title character has a fake marriage with Sofronia, who is really Norina in disguise, after which Doctor Malatesta makes things right Gaetano Donizetti
He first gained fame with 1830's Anna Bolena, and went on to write operas about Robert Devereux and Lucrezia Borgia Gaetano Donizetti
FTP, name this Italian composer of Lucia di Lammemoor, Don Pasquale, and The Daughter of the Regiment. Gaetano Donizetti
The composer of this work created it after abandoning a work about Cinderella, and later commented that he should not have composed it as it paled in comparison to Debussy's Sylvia Swan Lake or Lebedinoje osero
The title locale is formed from the tears of the central female character's parents after she is kidnapped by an evil sorcerer, whose enchantment can only be broken by a pledge of fidelity from a prince Swan Lake or Lebedinoje osero
That sorcerer tricks the prince into pledging his fidelity to Odile, who is Rothbart's daughter Swan Lake or Lebedinoje osero
In most versions, Odette then dies or is condemned to remain away from Siegfried in the form of the titular creature Swan Lake or Lebedinoje osero
FTP, name this first ballet by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Swan Lake or Lebedinoje osero
Works during this man's Serialist period include the choral work The Dove Descending Breaks the Air and Threni along with a piece commemorating the poet Dylan Thomas Igor Stravinsky
Early in his career he wrote songs such as "The Fairy's Kiss" and The Faun and the Shepherdess along with a popular concerto for orchestra known as Fireworks Igor Stravinsky
His operatic works include the one-act work Rossignol and an opera about Nick Shadow with a libretto by W.H Igor Stravinsky
Auden, The Rake's Progress, but he is better known for his Psalm Symphony and ballets like Petruschka Igor Stravinsky
FTP, name this Russian composer of The Rite of Spring and The Firebird. Igor Stravinsky
Performer Vladimir von Pachmann devoted his entire career to playing this man's pieces, while John Field was one inspiration for his works and Cornel Wilde was nominated for an Oscar after portraying him in A Song to Remember Frédéric Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Szopen]
After studying music theory under Joseph Elsner, his notable works included the Berceuse, the Ballade in G Minor and the Fantaisie-Impromptu Frédéric Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Szopen]
His Barcarolle and Ballade in A-flat Major were written at Nohant after leaving Majorca Frédéric Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Szopen]
FTP, name this composer of 21 nocturnes, 55 mazurkas, and 6 polonaises, a prolific French-dwelling piano composer from Poland. Frédéric Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Szopen]
In a 1981 recording of this work, Christopher Hogwood replaced the lost second movement with a similar one written by the work's composer and his pupil, Thomas Atwood, while a recording by Nimbus exists with a transplanted Minuet from the composer's Piano Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
The second movement is an andante romanze in C major, which contrasts to the more lyrical third movement, a minuet and trio in G major Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
The first and most famous movement is in Sonata-allegro form and begins with the so-called "Rocket Theme." FTP name this Serenade for Strings in G major, 525 in the Köchel [KERR-kuhl] numbering system used to classify works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik or A Little Night Music
An opera of this name by Ferruccio Busoni shares the same basic plot as the more famous one, although it includes a part for Truffaldino as chief eunuch Turandot
The chorus of peasants is very prominent in the better-known version, in which they sing "Gira la Cote" in the first act Turandot
Toward the beginning of Act Two, courtiers sing about their country estates in "Ho una casa nell'Honan," then lament the need to prepare simultaneously for weddings and funerals Turandot
Act One ends with "A, Per l'ultima volta!" in which the peasants attempt to warn the protagonist, who rings a gong three times Turandot
The protagonist is then asked three riddles after the title character sings "In Questa Reggia," and having solved them, in Act Three he sings the triumphant "Nessun Dorma" in defiance of the title character Turandot
FTP name this opera about Calaf and a Chinese princess, the last opera by Puccini. Turandot
In 1993, Jean-Claude Malgoire produced a completed reconstruction of this man's lost opera about Montezuma Antonio Vivaldi
The bulk of his work is only known through the library of the Durazzo family, whose existence was revealed to Dr Antonio Vivaldi
Alberto Gentili in 1926 Antonio Vivaldi
His other operas include Arsilda, Queen of Pontus, Bajazet and an oft-performed adaptation of Orlando Furioso Antonio Vivaldi
Juditha Triumphans is his only surviving oratorio, but he is better known for his 73 sonatas and over 500 concertos, four of which he accompanied with his own poetry Antonio Vivaldi
FTP name this baroque composer, nicknamed "The Red Priest," best known for a work composed of Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter sections. Antonio Vivaldi
His piano works include an "interlude" dedicated to his friend Jeanne Behrend and a nocturne which pays homage to John Field Samuel Barber
His Opus 26 Piano Sonata was commissioned by Irving Berlin and Richard Rodgers, and the premiere was performed by one of the work's principal advocates, Vladimir Horowitz Samuel Barber
Horowitz also premiered this man's Excursions for piano, which incorporate boogie-woogie and blues into classical forms Samuel Barber
He composed his Second Symphony while serving with the Army Air Corps in World War II, and his other orchestral works include Music for a Scene from Shelley, the Essays for Orchestra, and the Overture to The School for Scandal Samuel Barber
FTP, name this American composer of Vanessa, Medea and the Adagio for Strings. Samuel Barber
Toward the end of Act One, one of the characters sings "I know you hate me" after being whipped by the protagonist's wife Pagliacci or The Clowns
A peasant sings "Why hast thou taught me" to woo the hand of the protagonist's wife, who is known as Columbine in Act Two Pagliacci or The Clowns
After Beppe sings an ode to Columbine, the protagonist confronts Nedda about Silvio, and when she brushes him off he stabs her, leading Tonio to end the opera with the line "La Commedia Finita." FTP name this opera by Ruggierio Leoncavallo, whose first ac Pagliacci or The Clowns
His fantasia on Weber's Euryanthe is lost, though his fantasias on Ernani and Norma are extant Franz Liszt
His only opera of his own was Don Sanche, although he composed a number of melodramas including Lenore and Love of the Dead Poet Franz Liszt
Sacred choral music like Christus and St Franz Liszt
Elizabeth was well-received, as were his secular cantatas Titan and The Four Elements, but he is better known for his piano music Franz Liszt
His piano compositions for four hands include Les Preludes, but better known are his Transcendental Etudes and a set of 19 compositions on his home country, the 15th of which is the "Rakoczy March." FTP name this piano virtuoso, composer of Liebestraume, Franz Liszt
His Petite Messe Solennelle for twelve voices was written shortly before his death and other works of his include The Sins of Old Age, a collection of thirteen volumes of vocal and instrumental music Gioacchino Rossini
Known primarily for opera, he achieved wide acclaim for an opera based on a Voltaire work, Tancredi Gioacchino Rossini
Because of public demand, he wrote an alternative "happy ending" for his Otello and his writing style gained him the nickname "Monsieur Crescendo." Other successes included Elisabetta and The Italian Girl in Algiers Gioacchino Rossini
A later visit to Vienna ended with a benefit where he joined the crowd in singing his "Largo al factotum" from his most famous opera Gioacchino Rossini
FTP, identify this opera composer who stopped writing opera at the age of 37 after completing William Tell and who is best known for The Barber of Seville. Gioacchino Rossini
The opening theme of Brahms' 3rd symphony derives from this work's opening theme, which itself was adapted from the beginning of Beethoven's Seventh Rhenish Symphony (accept Schuman's Third Symphony before mentioned)
Its second movement is a scherzo containing a gentle Landler whose chief theme is announced by bassoons and cellos Rhenish Symphony (accept Schuman's Third Symphony before mentioned)
The work's title refers to an area around Dusseldorf where the composer worked as a conductor and the fourth movement, which adds three trombones, was inspired by a trip to see the Archbishop of Geissel's installation at Cologne Cathedral Rhenish Symphony (accept Schuman's Third Symphony before mentioned)
Containing five movements as opposed to the usual four and composed almost ten years after the Spring Symphony, FTP, identify this E-flat symphony, Schumann's third symphony whose title refers to the Rhine river. Rhenish Symphony (accept Schuman's Third Symphony before mentioned)
Kurt Schwertsik wrote a "Shrunken" one of these that is under six minutes long for the Eve of the New Millenium concert in Salzburg the Symphony
Both Alan Hovhaness' 49th one and Krysztof Penderecki's second one are known as "Christmas," and Olivier Messaien only wrote one, called Turangalia the Symphony
Stravinsky wrote a notable one in C, while Shostakovich's second one, "To October," is in one long movement the Symphony
"Song of the Night" is the appellation of the seventh of Mahler's, and Tchaikovsky wrote ones named "Manfred," "Winter Dreams" and "Pathetique." FTP name this genre of composition, notable examples of which are Mozart's "Jupiter" one and the fifth one of the Symphony
In the original production of this ballet, the title character had a solo mad scene at the end of act 1, but in modern productions that scene is omitted Giselle
The title role was created by the French poet Theophile Gautier for Carolotta Grisi, although it was out of the repertoire until Daighilev brought it back in 1910 Giselle
In act 1, the title character falls in love with a prince after he comes to town with his family disguised as a peasant, but he is fought by Hilarion, a hunter that loves the title character Giselle
The title character dies at the end of act 1, and in act 2 she becomes one of the Willies, who try to kill her lover Albrecht to avenge her death, but her love for him saves his life Giselle
FTP name this romantic ballet set to the music of Adolph Adam. Giselle
Only two of them appear outside of their group scene, one being Waltraute, who performs "Hore mit Sinn" later in the story Valkyries
They are derided as "ill-mannered" and "born of the bond of a dissolute love" by their father's wife, who dislikes the presence of the offspring of Erda Valkyries
Another prominent one is ordered to defend the marriage of Hunding and performs "War es so schmählich" after being disowned near their namesake rock for intervening on behalf of Siegfried Valkyries
All wear the costume featuring an eight-petalled shield boss and bird-winged helmet Valkyries
FTP, Bruennhilde is one of what title figures of the second opera in Wagner's Ring cycle, who lend their name to an oft-heard "ride?" Valkyries
This man composed a series of preludes for piano whose titles include "Wind over the Plains," "Homage to Samuel Pickwick," and "The Girl with the Flaxen Hair." His works for piano include Estampes, In Black and White, and The Children's Corner, and he com Claude Debussy
FTP, name this French Impressionist composer, best known for his orchestral works La Mer and Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun, as well as his Suite Bergamasque, which contains "Clair de lune." Claude Debussy
In the first scene of this opera, the protagonist comes onstage with a bear that pesters his surrogate father, who responds with his "Starling Song." After he bathes in the blood of the antagonist in Act Two, the protagonist is able to see through the lie Siegfried
The blood also enables him to talk to a wood-bird, who explains how he can use the Tarnhelm to transport himself to Valkyrie Rock, where, at the beginning of Act Three, he must break the spear of Wotan with his newly-forged sword Notung Siegfried
FTP, name this third opera in Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle, in which the title character awakens Brunnhilde. Siegfried
This man's A Sentry for Four Years includes a quartet inspired by the aria "I am so wonderful" from Beethoven's Fidelio Franz Schubert
Beethoven's influence is also apparent in the first movement of his First Symphony, which quotes that composer's The Creatures of Prometheus Franz Schubert
He wrote a composition mixing the cantata, oratorio and opera genres entitled Lazarus, number 689 in the Deutsch catalog Franz Schubert
His 4th Symphony was his first to be written in a minor key, and is nicknamed "Tragic." His final symphony in C major may have been his 7th, though it is commonly numbered his 9th Franz Schubert
FTP name this composer of Lieder such as "Gretchen am Spinnrade" and "Erlkonig" along with the "Great" and Unfinished Symphonies. Franz Schubert
This man's sole venture into chamber music, his String Quartet in E Minor, was first performed in the foyer of the Hotel delle Crocelle Giuseppe Verdi
He was originally lined up to compose the opera Froufrou, with libretto by Meilhac and Halevy Giuseppe Verdi
He wrote a number of operas after the works of Friedrich Schiller, including I Masnadieri from The Robbers and Luisa Miller from Cabal and Love, while his Jerusalem was a continuation of his earlier work I Lombardi Giuseppe Verdi
After his proposal for an opera based on King Lear failed, he composed A Masked Ball which was shortly followed by The Force of Destiny Giuseppe Verdi
Many of his best-known operas feature prominent choral numbers, such as one sung by Hebrew Slaves, two sung by Gypsies and another sung by priestesses of Ptah Giuseppe Verdi
FTP name this prolific Italian composer of operas such as Rigoletto, La Traviata and Aida. Giuseppe Verdi
The premiere of his Opus 4, an orchestral setting of texts by the insane poet Peter Altenberg, featured a riot and came to be known as the "Scandal Concert." He quoted a Carinthian folksong and Bach's chorale "Es ist genus" in the Violin Concerto he wrote Alban Berg
His Chamber Concerto was the first of his works to have a secret program, being based on ciphers of three names, while his adulterous affair with the sister of Franz Werfel is the secret program of his Lyric Suite Alban Berg
He also wrote two operas, one based on a play by Wedekind and the other on a play by Buchner Alban Berg
FTP, name this composer of Lulu and Wozzeck. Alban Berg
One of his last successful operas was based on a poem by Frédéric Mistral, while his third opera was based on a play by Molière Charles Gounod
In addition to Mireille and The Doctor In Spite of Himself, he wrote ten other operas, the first of which was written at the request of Turgenev's mistress Pauline Viardot Charles Gounod
He devoted much of his career to religious works, including a number of masses and the oratorios Redemption and Mors et Vita, but is best known for an opera which includes the "Soldiers' Chorus" and the "Jewel Song." FTP, name this French composer of suc Charles Gounod
Goofy titles for some of them were proposed by the composer's cousin Marc-André Souchay, but he rejected the suggestions Songs Without Words (or: Lieder ohne Worte)
The fifth of the eight albums of them to be published appeared in 1844 and included a "Funeral March" and a piece about springtime, while the sixth appeared the next year and included a piece about spinning Songs Without Words (or: Lieder ohne Worte)
Other pieces in the group include a Duetto written on the occasion of the composer's engagement to Cecile Jeanrenaud, several pieces for children, and three Venetian boat songs Songs Without Words (or: Lieder ohne Worte)
Originally entitled "Original Melodies for the Pianoforte, FTP, name this collection of 48 short piano pieces written by Felix Mendelssohn. Songs Without Words (or: Lieder ohne Worte)
In the year 2000, Colin Matthews added an eighth movement to this work The Planets
Many of its parts were copied out by prisoners-of-war interned at Islington, near the girls school at Hammersmith where the composer was employed The Planets
The orchestra plays a pianissimo throughout the final movement, which is subtitled "the mystic," while the previous section, subtitled "the magician," has notable timpani solos The Planets
The work was inspired by Clifford Bax, who introduced the composer to astrology, and also includes sections subtitled "the bringer of jollity" and "the winged messenger." FTP, name this orchestral suite which has only seven movements, as Pluto had not ye The Planets
Act 3 of this work is set in "year 17 and the present," and begins with a scene showing the family isolated from the crowd before proceeding to the "attack and fall" and concluding with an epilogue in which the principal characters return as ghosts to obs Akhnaten
Act 2 is set in "years 5 to 15" and begins in the temple, before moving on to the creation of a new city Akhnaten
Act 1 is set in Thebes during the first year of the title character's reign, and features his coronation following the funeral of his predecessor, Amenhotep III Akhnaten
FTP, name this opera which premiered in 1984, the third in a trilogy which includes Satyagraha and Einstein on the Beach, a work by Philip Glass about a sun-worshiping pharoah. Akhnaten
Before one of the characters in this opera kills himself, he sings the aria "You who have spread your wings to God." When we first see the title character, she sings the aria "There reigned in silence," which horrifies her maid Alisa Lucia di Lammermoor
One highlight of the opera is the sextet "Who restrains me at this moment?" which is sung in Act 2 after the signing of a wedding contract Lucia di Lammermoor
After the title character murders Arturo on their wedding night, she undergoes a notorious "Mad Scene," and she dies soon after, after which her true love Edgardo, a member of the Ravenswood family, dies also Lucia di Lammermoor
FTP, name this 1835 opera which is set in a Scottish castle, a work by Gaetano Donizetti based on a novel by Sir Walter Scott. Lucia di Lammermoor
The third act opens with the cavatina "And though a cloud the sun obscure," after which a chorus of bridesmaids come in to make a garland Der Freischütz or The Free-shooter
The second act opens with a duet between the main female character and her cousin Aennchen, while at the beginning of the first act a chorus of peasants make fun of the main male character, who has been defeated by Kilian Der Freischütz or The Free-shooter
That male character wants to marry Cuno's daughter, but he needs to win a competition before Prince Ottokar if he wants to win her hand and the position of head forester Der Freischütz or The Free-shooter
To win that competition, his friend Caspar persuades him to meet Samiel in Wolf's Glen and obtain some special ammunition Der Freischütz or The Free-shooter
FTP, name this 1821 opera in which Agathe is wooed by Max, a work by Carl Maria von Weber. Der Freischütz or The Free-shooter
His First Symphony premiered when he was only 18, though he passed it off as the work of a German composer to see what reception it would get Camille Saint-Saëns
He wrote two cello concertoes, the best known of which is the first in A minor, and three violin concertoes, the best known of which is the third in B minor Camille Saint-Saëns
A prodigious pianist, he wrote five piano concertoes, while the best known of his five symphonies is a C minor work which employs an organ Camille Saint-Saëns
His other symphonic works include the Algerian Suite, The Youth of Hercules, and Omphale's Spinning Wheel, as well as a tone poem in which xylophones represent rattling bones Camille Saint-Saëns
FTP, name this French composer of Samson and Delilah and the Danse Macabre. Camille Saint-Saëns
This man's piano works include four Eclogues, the Theme with Variations in A flat, and a set of thirteen Poetic Tone Pictures, as well as a concerto in G minor Antonin Dvorak
His orchestral music includes a trio of suites entitled Nature, Life, and Love which includes a tone poem on Othello, and a set of four symphonic poems on works by Erben, including The Golden Spinning-Wheel and The Wild Dove Antonin Dvorak
His chamber music is better known, including 14 string quartets of which the twelfth is nicknamed the "American." This friend of Brahms wrote his most famous concerto for the cello, while his other works include The Water Goblin, the Dumky trio, and the " Antonin Dvorak
FTP, name this former butcher from Zlonice [ZLAH-nee-chay], Bohemia, whose Ninth Symphony in E minor is subtitled "from the New World." Antonin Dvorak
Act 2 of this work begins with a scene featuring Billy and his fiancée, who sings a lullaby to her infant The Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
Act 1 features the aria "Lavami e saro," in which the title character offers a Bible lesson to some of the other characters, while musical highlights of Act 3 include "Ch'ella mi creda," in which one of the characters asks that the title character not be The Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
Ashby warns the characters about a gang of thieves, the leader of whom is saved from arrest by Jack Rance after the title character cheats at poker The Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
FTP, name this work featuring the bandit Mr The Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
Johnson and the owner of the Polka Salooon, Minnie, a 1910 opera by Giacomo Puccini. The Girl of the Golden West or La Fanciulla del West
Before this work was written the composer's teacher at the Milan conservatory, Antonio Bazzini, wrote an opera based on the same play Turandot
In Act 2, the title character sings the aria "Within This Palace," in which she tells about one of her ancestors who thousands of years earlier was betrayed by a man who conquered her city Turandot
In order to avenge that betrayal, she invents a test which involves questions about a phantom, a fever, and an ice that sets you on fire Turandot
In the third and final act, the blind king of Tartary Timur refuses to reveal a secret, after which his slave girl Liu is tortured and stabs herself to death Turandot
In that act, the aria "Nessun dorma" is sung by Calaf, who wins the titular princess of China Turandot
FTP, name this 1926 opera, which was left unfinished at his death by Giacomo Puccini. Turandot
Of his four known partsongs, Like as the doleful dove seems to be the latest, while When shall my sorrowful sighing slake was the most popular during the composer's life Thomas Tallis
His earliest surviving works are three votive antiphons in five parts, including a Salve intermerata which is one of the earliest known "parody" masses from his country Thomas Tallis
His greatest work was inspired by a similar work by Alessandro Striggio, and may have been written for the banquet hall at Nonsuch Palace, which possessed four first-floor balconies Thomas Tallis
A seven-voice work on the text "A boy is born to us" is his only known Catholic mass, as most of his works were written for monarchs before and after Queen Mary Thomas Tallis
FTP, name this English composer of Spem in alium, who also wrote a theme that inspired a fantasia by Ralph Vaughan Williams. Thomas Tallis
Ten years after its premiere, the composer made a piano arrangement of "three movements" from this work, including a "Russian Dance" and a piece set in the title character's room Petrushka
The fourth scene features the "Dance of the Bear and the Peasant" as well as the "Dance of the Coachmen and Grooms." Scene one is set at the Shrovetide Fair, where a showman plays a flute to three characters Petrushka
In scene three, the villain begins worshipping a cocoanut after he is unable to crack it with his scimitar Petrushka
That villain, the Blackamoor, murders the title character because of their rivalry over the Ballerina, and in the end the title character's ghost appears above the theater Petrushka
FTP, name this 1911 ballet by Igor Stravinsky about a puppet. Petrushka
He controversially produced a setting of Shakespeare's 66th sonnet in his Six Romances to Words by English Poets Dmitri Shostakovich
His last major work was a Viola Sonata he finished editing days before his death, while his other late works include the Suite on Words of Michelangelo, four string quartets dedicated to each member of the Beethoven Quartet, and a Violin Sonata composed f Dmitri Shostakovich
He wrote several ballets, including The Limpid Stream and The Golden Age, while he revised his best-known opera as Katerina Izmaylova, though it is better-known for the title which it shares with the Nikolai Leskov story on which it is based Dmitri Shostakovich
FTP, name this Russian composer of 15 symphonies, including "Babi Yar" and "Leningrad." Dmitri Shostakovich
It is based on a French work which was translated into the composer's language by Richard Genée, who took over the translation from Haffner Die Fledermaus (accept The Bat)
At the beginning of Act 3, the tired Frank listens to the "Audition Aria" performed by Adele, who is really a maid Die Fledermaus (accept The Bat)
In Act 1, Falke persuades one of the main characters to bring his fancy watch to a ball, after which another character is arrested in a case of mistaken identity Die Fledermaus (accept The Bat)
In the end, Gabriel von Eisenstein has to serve his own jail sentence after his wife Rosalinde defends herself from an accusation of infidelity Die Fledermaus (accept The Bat)
FTP name this comic opera by Johann Strauss, whose name refers to a costume worn by one of the characters. Die Fledermaus (accept The Bat)
Geirr Tveitt wrote a Norwegian version of this piece called "Hardanger Ale." It originated when Ferdinand Arbos gave the composer permission to orchestrate the tone poem Iberia, but the composer abandoned it Bolero
The leading melody begins in the flutes, and is taken up by the clarinet and bassoon Bolero
A shift in the theme from C-major to E-major begins the finale, after which the entire orchestra adopts the snare drums' ostinato accompanied by cymbals and trombone glissandi in the 18th recapitulation Bolero
Commissioned by Ida Rubinstein, FTP, what is this piece named for a Spanish dance rhythm by Maurice Ravel? Bolero
The composer of this work used parts of it in the funeral cantata Lament, Children, Lament the World, which he wrote after the death of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen the St. Matthew Passion or the Passion According to Saint Matthew or Matthäus-Passion
The texts used in it were written by Christian Friedrich Henrici, who went under the pen name Picander the St. Matthew Passion or the Passion According to Saint Matthew or Matthäus-Passion
It opens and closes with choral movements, and features 15 chorales along with 28 recitatives and arias the St. Matthew Passion or the Passion According to Saint Matthew or Matthäus-Passion
It is based on chapters 26 and 27 of a certain text, a section which describes the suffering and death of Christ the St. Matthew Passion or the Passion According to Saint Matthew or Matthäus-Passion
A trimmed-down version of it was famously performed on March 11, 1829 and helped spark a revival of interest in its composer, though it was first performed in 1727 the St. Matthew Passion or the Passion According to Saint Matthew or Matthäus-Passion
FTP, name this musical work whose BWV number is 244, a composition by Johann Sebastian Bach which follows the text of a noted evangelist. the St. Matthew Passion or the Passion According to Saint Matthew or Matthäus-Passion
One of them was written by Carl Heinrich Graun to commemorate Frederick the Great's victory at the Battle of Prague Te Deum
Another was written by Zoltan Kodaly (koh-dye) to commemorate the 250th anniversary of the relief of Buda from the Turks Te Deum
Charpentier wrote four of them, including one in D major which was probably written to commemorate the battle of Steinkerque, while Michael Haydn wrote six Te Deum
Bruckner originally intended his to be the final movement of his Ninth Symphony, while William Walton's was written for the coronation of Elizabeth II Te Deum
The last verse of Arthur Sullivan's originally began "O Lord, save the Queen," but the previous verse can be repeated for other occasions Te Deum
Berlioz intended for his version, scored for three choruses, organ, and orchestra, to be performed in a cathedral Te Deum
FTP, name this musical setting of a hymn often attributed to St Te Deum
Ambrose, which is sung on celebratory occasions and whose first part praises God the father. Te Deum
One of these precedes a polonaise in the Opus 38 of Henri Vieuxtemps (vyu-tahm) a ballade
Six of them, including one for alto saxophone and another for trombone, were written by Frank Martin a ballade
One of these for piano and orchestra is the Opus 19 of Gabriel Fauré, who also wrote one for solo piano a ballade
The Opus 9 of Franck is one, while Liszt wrote two and Grieg wrote one in G minor "in the form of variations on a Norwegian folk song." The first of them in the Opus 10 of Brahms is based on a Scottish poem, "Edward," which was translated by Herder a ballade
Brahms wrote four of them in total, as did the composer who introduced this musical form a ballade
Those original four are works in compound meter that are said to be based on poems by Adam Mickiewicz, and the first one appeared in 1836 a ballade
FTP, name this type of composition, an instrumental piece with a narrative form which was pioneered by Chopin. a ballade
His second opera was based on Ernst von Wolzogen's The Quenched Fires of Oudenarde, and ends with Diemut accepting the love of the magician Kunrad Richard Strauss
His first opera depicts a member of the Holy Society of Peace who saves Freiheld, the wife of the evil Duke Robert, from killing herself Richard Strauss
In addition to Feuersnot and Guntram, he wrote about the surrender at Breda in Friedenstag and about the love of Apollo for a daughter of Peneios in Daphne Richard Strauss
A composer named Flamand and the Countess Madeleine appear in his final opera, the one-act work Capriccio Richard Strauss
He wrote about the sister of Chrysothemis in a 1909 opera based on a play by Sophocles, while Zerbinetta and Bacchus appear in his Ariadne on Naxos Richard Strauss
FTP, name this German composer of Elektra and Der Rosenkavalier. Richard Strauss
The early ones were inspired by a similar set of works by Joseph Schuster, and the first six were dedicated to the Electress of Mannheim the violin sonatas of Mozart
The one in E flat is dedicated to the composer's pupil Josepha Auernhammer, while the next one was written for the virtuoso Regina Strinasacchi the violin sonatas of Mozart
The last one is a work in F written "for beginners" at the same time the composer wrote a more famous piano work in C, also for beginners the violin sonatas of Mozart
One of the best known is the one in E flat written in 1785 and first performed at the composer's Masonic lodge the violin sonatas of Mozart
FTP, name this group of 16 pieces, which have been championed in the 20th century by Itzhak Perlman and which were composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. the violin sonatas of Mozart
According to Charles Burney, its first use in an opera came in Johann Christian Bach's Orione the clarinet
Two pioneering concertoes for it were written by F the clarinet
X the clarinet
Pokorny, while an early set of six concertoes for it was written by J the clarinet
M the clarinet
Molter the clarinet
Max Reger wrote three sonatas for this instrument and piano, a combination also employed in Schumann's Opus 73, a set of three "fantasy pieces." Heinrich Baermann inspired Carl Maria von Weber to write two concertoes for it, while Hermstedt was the origi the clarinet
One of its early virtuosi was Anton Stadler, for whom the "Kegelstatt Trio" was composed by Mozart the clarinet
More recent performers include Gervase de Payer, for whom Thea Musgrave wrote a concerto, and a man for whom Copland's concerto and Bartok's Contrasts were written the clarinet
FTP, name this musical instrument, whose noted performers include Woody Herman, Artie Shaw, and Benny Goodman. the clarinet
His first surviving work for piano is a "Bohemian Dance" written when he was 17 Claude Debussy
His last works for piano include "To the girl dancing with antique cymbals," "To invoke Pan, god of the summer wind," and four other Antique Epigraphs, as well as a Heroic Berceuse he dedicated to the king and people of Belgium and a "Hommage to Haydn" wr Claude Debussy
All three of his ballets, including Games and Khamma, were originally written as piano scores, and the first of his Etudes is written for five fingers after a work by Czerny Claude Debussy
He wrote musical depictions of an eccentric general named Lavine, Samuel Pickwick, and Delphic Dancers in his two books of Preludes for piano, while "Pagodas" and "Night in Grenada" are depicted in his Estampes Claude Debussy
FTP, name this French composer, whose other piano works include the Suite Bergamasque and a collection including "Golliwogg's Cake-Walk," Children's Corner. Claude Debussy
One of his orchestral works uses two of Beethoven's marches for military band in its second movement, which unlike the rest of the piece is scored only for winds Paul Hindemith
Another of his orchestral works ends with a Passacaglia adapted from the "Hymn to the Sun" appearing in his ballet Saint Francis, from which the work was adapted Paul Hindemith
In addition to the Symphonia Serena and Nobilissima Visione, he used a medieval dance called "Three Fountains" in his Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, while he used German folk tunes in his 1935 Concerto for Viola and Orchestra called "the Organ-Grinder. Paul Hindemith
FTP, name this German composer of Mathis der Maler. Paul Hindemith
The final movement of this man's fourth symphony features two timpanis at opposing ends of the orchestra playing against each other Carl Nielsen
The final movement of the last of his symphonies ends with a famous bassoon note, while that work's second movement is a "humoresque" scored for only nine instruments, including a piccolo and a pair of clarinets Carl Nielsen
The first of his symphonies begins with an "Allegro orgoglioso" movement in G minor before progressing to C major Carl Nielsen
He wrote a notable wind quintet as well as such works as the music drama Aladdin and operas like Saul and David and Masquerade, though he is best known for a set of compositions which includes the "expansive," the "four temperaments," and the "inextinguis Carl Nielsen
His last instrumental work was a Phantasy for Violin with Piano Accompaniment, while his other late works include a string trio in one movement and a set of variations in G minor for band Arnold Schoenberg
He wrote an oratorio based on Swedenborg's vision of heaven in Balzac's Séraphita in which six people are admonished by the archangel Gabriel, while his lighter works include the comic operetta From One Day to the Next, whose libretto was written by his d Arnold Schoenberg
One of his major works features a long duet that is interrupted after each verse by orchestral commentary and contains the solemn "lament of the wood dove." That work is based on a poem by Jens Peter Jaconsen, and features King Waldemar and Tove, whose c Arnold Schoenberg
He also wrote a Chamber Symphony in E major and a string sextet based on a poem by Richard Dehmel, Transfigured Night Arnold Schoenberg
FTP, name this composer of Moses and Aron and Pierrot Lunaire. Arnold Schoenberg
He wrote about the relationship between a girl named Vita and the title character in his opera The Stranger, while he depicted the conversion of Nicéa, the Queen of Pleasure, by a man originally known as Auférus in his The Legend of Saint Christopher Vincent d'Indy
He wrote about the Saracen invasions of his country in his music drama Fervaal, while he reversed the usual arrangement of variations in his Istar Vincent d'Indy
He used a text by Uhland for his "symphonic legend" The Enchanted Forest and wrote three symphonic overtures based on Schiller's Wallenstein, while his major symphonic works include the Sinfonia brevis and an 1886 work alternately known as the "Symphonie Vincent d'Indy
FTP, name this Belgian-French composer who was himself taught by Cesar Franck, and who is most famous for his Symphony on a French Mountain Air. Vincent d'Indy
His second opera, Dorval and Virginia, is now lost, as is a Christmas Cantata he wrote which was dedicated to Tsar Alexander I Luigi Boccherini
According to William Beckford, this man was working for the Duchess of Osuna in 1787, the year after he composed his opera La Clementina Luigi Boccherini
His Stabat Mater was originally written for solo soprano, but he revised it in 1800 to feature three singers Luigi Boccherini
A violin concerto that used to be attributed to him was probably written by Henry Casadesus, while his best-known concerto is in the key of B flat and used to be widely played in an arrangement by Friedrich Grützmacher Luigi Boccherini
His chamber music includes a number of arrangements for guitar quintet and several groups of string quintets which featured two cellos Luigi Boccherini
FTP, name this Italian composer and virtuoso cellist who was nicknamed the "wife of Haydn." Luigi Boccherini
The one by Henry Cowell includes such movements as "Repression" and "Liberation," and is nicknamed the "Anthropos." The one by Philip Glass opens with an English horn introduction, and is a follow-up to a work based on the David Bowie album Low Symphony No. 2 (or second)
The one by Sibelius is written in D major and based upon themes originally composed for a tone poem based on The Divine Comedy Symphony No. 2 (or second)
The one by John Corigliano won the Pulitzer Prize in 2001 Symphony No. 2 (or second)
The one by Brahms was also written in D major, and features two movements written in waltz time Symphony No. 2 (or second)
An important one written in Heligenstadt replaced the usual Minuet in the third movement with a Scherzo Symphony No. 2 (or second)
FTP, give the number shared by these symphonic works, including one by Beethoven which preceded the Eroica and Mahler's Resurrection. Symphony No. 2 (or second)
Pieces sharing this name include the concerto in F sharp minor of Heinrich Ernst, which was a staple of the 19th century violin repertoire, and one of the last works of Frederic Kuhlau, his Allegro in C for two pianists pathétique
Liszt wrote a concerto with this name, and it identifies the seventh piano concerto of Ignaz Moscheles pathétique
One of the most famous works with this name is a composition that may be the most successful piece of its composer's "C minor mood," a work dedicated to Prince Lichnowsky pathétique
The other most famous work with this sobriquet was written in 1893, and premiered ten days before the composer died of cholera pathétique
FTP, give this common musical nickname which identifies Beethoven's eighth piano sonata and Tchaikovsky's sixth symphony. pathétique
Hugh Aitken wrote a suite for flute and orchestra in which this man is "remembered." Castel allegedly introduced this man to the bird songs noted in Kircher's Musurgia Universalis, which can be heard in his The Call of the Birds and The Hen Jean-Phillipe Rameau
Leopold Godowsky wrote piano arrangements of his "Tambourin" and "Rigaudon," while his four grand motets reflect his origins as a church organist in Clermont Jean-Phillipe Rameau
The author of exotic operas such as Samson and Zoroastre and a treatise which introduced a new system of theoretical music, he is better-known for his use of classical myths in works like Dardanus and The Festivals of Hebe Jean-Phillipe Rameau
FTP name this French composer who engaged Pergolesi in the War of the Buffoons and composed the operas Hyppolyte et Aricie and Castor et Pollux. Jean-Phillipe Rameau
His only opera was based on a novel called A Cabin Outside the Village, and deals with the tragic love of a peasant girl and a gypsy Ignacy Jan Paderewski
His only symphony is a B minor work which calls for three sarussophones, and may be the only major symphony to use that instrument Ignacy Jan Paderewski
More than half of his songs are settings of French poems by Catulle Mendés Ignacy Jan Paderewski
He used folk music of his homeland's Tatra mountain people for an early piano collection and again for the "Gypsy March" in the opera Manru Ignacy Jan Paderewski
His violin sonata Six Humoresques de Concert contains a popular Minuet in G, while his lone choral piece is "Hey, White Eagle," which became an independence anthem Ignacy Jan Paderewski
FTP, name this pianist and composer who spent three years editing a complete edition of Chopin, decades after his one-year term as Prime Minister of Poland. Ignacy Jan Paderewski
He saved the singing career of the prodigy Benedict Randhartinger by teaching him composition for free when his voice broke Antonio Salieri
His orchestral works include a Concerto for Flute and Oboe noted for its unusual division of the violas in the final thematic recapitulation, and he also composed variations on Corelli's aria "La foglia di Spagna." Better remembered for his theatrical ta Antonio Salieri
FTP, name this teacher of Beethoven and Liszt best known for his opera Tarare, who also conducted a famous musical feud with Mozart. Antonio Salieri
Unusual features of this work include the built-up diminished seventh and the conclusion, which includes a minor plagal cadence, a detail that indicates a possibly faulty transcription or even a wrong attribution to the composer by the transcriber Johann Toccata and Fugue, for organ in D minor, BWV 565 (BC J37) (accept any of the underlined parts)
Peter Williams places the work a fifth higher, so that the famous opening is in E and the dominant key is A minor, because he believes it to be originally a composition for violin that had been transcribed to its usual instrument Toccata and Fugue, for organ in D minor, BWV 565 (BC J37) (accept any of the underlined parts)
Edith plays the piece in Strindberg's Dream Play and, because it was Stokowski's favorite piece, it famously appears in the opening scene of Fantasia Toccata and Fugue, for organ in D minor, BWV 565 (BC J37) (accept any of the underlined parts)
FTP, name this spooky-sounding organ work, a two-part piece by Johann Sebastian Bach. Toccata and Fugue, for organ in D minor, BWV 565 (BC J37) (accept any of the underlined parts)
The composer of these works created some new material for a piano four-hands version of the second released before the last four, which were added from 1882 to 1885 Hungarian Rhapsodies (19), for piano, S. 244 (LW A132)
The first with a subtitle is called "Héroïde-élégiaque" while the one in E-flat major, the ninth, is known as "The Carnival of Pest." The entire collection of nineteen has Rabbe number 106 and Berlioz set a scene in their namesake location to incorporate Hungarian Rhapsodies (19), for piano, S. 244 (LW A132)
FTP, name this set of solo piano pieces, Searle 244; the best-known works of Franz Liszt, named for his country of origin. Hungarian Rhapsodies (19), for piano, S. 244 (LW A132)
After this composer "discovered" Boris Godunov, he adopted Balakirev's time signatures for an orchestral triptych and employed a women's chorus for its third section, "Sirens." Two trips to Bayreuth influenced him and he parodied Wagner's "Tristan chord" Claude Debussy
His friend Gustave Doré conducted the premier of a well-known piece which was intended as the first of another triptych and which, according to Pierre Boulez, marked the beginning of modern music Claude Debussy
That work's first section is dominated by the flute, which represents the title animal from a Mallarme poem Claude Debussy
FTP, name this French composer of Three Nocturnes and Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun. Claude Debussy
In 1816, this man composed his first paid work, a cantata for the students of a Professor Watteroth entitled "Prometheus." Other works around that time include his libretto for the founder of the schoolmasters' widows' fund and an opera, Die Burgschaft Franz Schubert
Due to the inept writing of men such as Georg von Hoffman, Josef Kupelweiser, and Franz von Schober, operas such as Alfonso and Estrella and Fierrbras were poorly received Franz Schubert
Other works include a famous sonata for piano and arpeggione as well as an Ave Maria that was based on a poem by Sir Walter Scott Franz Schubert
He is best known, however, for his Grand Duo Piano Sonata in C Major as well as songs like "The Doppelganger" and "Die Schone Mullerin." FTP, identify this German Romantic composer of Die Winterreise and the Trout Quintet. Franz Schubert
Singing "Avant de quitter ces lieux" in the second act of this opera, an officer entrusts his sister to the care of Siebel Faust, opera
In the fourth act, after returning singing "Gloire immortelle," that officer duels with the title character and in the last act, the title character and his love sing "Oui, c'est toi que j'aime." The Tintin character Bianca often sings the Jewel Aria from Faust, opera
That character, Marguerite, appears in a vision for the title character in the first act Faust, opera
FTP, identify this opera beginning with the gift of a magic potion of youth and about a deal with Mephistopheles; the masterpiece of Charles Gounod. Faust, opera
Several of his early works, including such operas as Cleonice, Demofoonte, and Artaserse, were written with librettist Pietro Metastasio Christoph Willibald von Gluck
He had begun composing an opera based on the Song of Roland, but the discovery that Niccolo Piccini was given the same libretto to work on sparked a rivalry in the Parisian press and motivated him to compose Armide Christoph Willibald von Gluck
Collaboration with the librettist Calzabigi resulted in the composition of the ballets Semiramide and Don Juan, as well as an opera featuring the "Dance of the Blessed Spirits" and another in whose preface he declared his intent to "restrict music to its Christoph Willibald von Gluck
Erik Satie wrote a set of six of them in 1919, of which the first three were all written in D major nocturnes
One by Samuel Barber is his Opus thirty-three, written for solo piano nocturnes
This term also names a collection of three pieces that may have originally been written as a violin concerto for Eugene Ysaye, of which the third movement features a wordless chant for eight mezzo-sopranos nocturnes
One in the key of A-flat Major follows a Polonaise in Les Sylphides, a ballet inspired by the music of the composer most often associated with this musical form nocturnes
FTP, identify this type of musical composition giving its name to a set of three orchestral works including Fetes, Sirenes, and Nuages by Debussy, developed by the Irish composer John Field, and naming twenty-one piano pieces by Chopin and a painting of a nocturnes
This man's first opera, The Magic Fountain, was not performed during his lifetime, though he used music from it in the swamp scene found in Act III of another of his operas Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
That opera was based on a section of George Washington Cable's The Grandissimes and features the suicide of the quadroon Palmyra after Simon Perez is murdered by the titular voodoo priest, Koanga Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
In the best-known opera by this man, the Dark Fiddler fails to persuade Sali and Vreli to join him on his travels Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
FTP, name this creator of the symphonic sketches Brigg Fair and On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring; the German-born British composer of A Village Romeo and Juliet. Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
Eugène Ysaÿe and Paolo Gallico gave this work its Carnegie Hall premiere Sonata for violin & piano No. 9 in A major ("Kreutzer"), Op. 47 (accept any underlined part)
Its second movement contains a theme and four variations and its third movement begins with a crashing A Major chord in the piano followed by an exuberant 6/8 tarantella in rondo form Sonata for violin & piano No. 9 in A major ("Kreutzer"), Op. 47 (accept any underlined part)
Its first movement begins with a slow chordal introduction and ends with an anguished coda but is highlighted by a furious A Minor presto section Sonata for violin & piano No. 9 in A major ("Kreutzer"), Op. 47 (accept any underlined part)
Originally dedicated to George Bridgetower, its current namesake never performed it and considered this 1802 work unplayable Sonata for violin & piano No. 9 in A major ("Kreutzer"), Op. 47 (accept any underlined part)
FTP, name this most famous Beethoven violin sonata which shares its name with a short story by Leo Tolstoy and is dedicated to a French violinist with a German-sounding name. Sonata for violin & piano No. 9 in A major ("Kreutzer"), Op. 47 (accept any underlined part)
After the protagonist is arrested, this work refers to Beethoven's Fifth with a knock of fate El Sombrero de tres picos, ballet in 2 parts, G. 53 (or The Three-Cornered Hat; accept any underlined part)
Other pieces sprinkled into this two-part work include the blackbird's song and a jota danced to the magistrate's humiliation El Sombrero de tres picos, ballet in 2 parts, G. 53 (or The Three-Cornered Hat; accept any underlined part)
As it proceeds, the recurring Corregidor character dances various minuets while the flirty wife and her fandangos drive her earnest Miller husband crazy with jealousy El Sombrero de tres picos, ballet in 2 parts, G. 53 (or The Three-Cornered Hat; accept any underlined part)
The opening, complete with castanets and an "olé" is often reproduced by itself El Sombrero de tres picos, ballet in 2 parts, G. 53 (or The Three-Cornered Hat; accept any underlined part)
FTP, identify this work based on a story by Pedro de Alarcon and named for the antagonist's headwear; a ballet by Manuel de Falla. El Sombrero de tres picos, ballet in 2 parts, G. 53 (or The Three-Cornered Hat; accept any underlined part)
Its third movement includes such unorthodox instrumentation as a clarinet tuned to E flat and a bass drum meant to be struck by a bundle of twigs Symphony No. 2 in C Minor ("Resurrection") (accept Mahler's second symphony before it's mentioned)
The fourth movement contains a march that features offstage brass and timpani and a solo flute that plays a "nightingale song." Originally titled Totenfeier after a poem of Adam Mickiewicz, it includes the chorale Aufersteh'n heard at the funeral of the c Symphony No. 2 in C Minor ("Resurrection") (accept Mahler's second symphony before it's mentioned)
According to the composer, he was burying the hero of his last symphony in this one and, indeed, it starts with a funeral march Symphony No. 2 in C Minor ("Resurrection") (accept Mahler's second symphony before it's mentioned)
FTP, identify this epic symphony of Gustav Mahler, his second. Symphony No. 2 in C Minor ("Resurrection") (accept Mahler's second symphony before it's mentioned)
A ballet based upon this work was produced by Sir Robert Helpmann Die lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow), operetta (accept Die lustige Witwe)
The aria "Red as the rose in Maytime" expresses Camille de Rousillon's desire to find a suitable wife, which leads to his many social flirtations Die lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow), operetta (accept Die lustige Witwe)
This work takes place in and around Maxim's, which is sung about in the famous song "Vilia." Baron Zeta is concerned for the economic welfare of Pontevedro and thus tries to convince his wife, Valencienne, to hook the Count Danilo Danilovitsch up with the Die lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow), operetta (accept Die lustige Witwe)
FTP, name this operetta about Anna Glawari and her messing-around with foreign guys; a work of Franz Lehár. Die lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow), operetta (accept Die lustige Witwe)
The strings in the background of this work represent "the silence of the druids - who know, see, and hear nothing," whereas the trumpet phrase repeated over times over them alternates with contrapuntal woodwinds that accelerate in speed and loudness durin The Unanswered Question (I & II), for trumpet, winds & string orchestra, S. 50 (K. 1C25) (accept any underlined part)
Revised in the 1930's, it is often paired with Central Park in the Dark in the Good Old Summer Time in performance, where the titular entity is mocked after what the composer calls "a secret conference" finds that the voice of the flute's "invisible reply The Unanswered Question (I & II), for trumpet, winds & string orchestra, S. 50 (K. 1C25) (accept any underlined part)
FTP, name work subtitled "A Contemplation of a Serious Matter," a work of Charles Ives. The Unanswered Question (I & II), for trumpet, winds & string orchestra, S. 50 (K. 1C25) (accept any underlined part)
Two operas by this composer, based on Oedipus and The Tempest, were never completed Gyorgy Ligeti
Early works like Musica ricercata and Apparitions were published much later than their composition due to government censorship in his country but, upon fleeing to Germany, he wrote Volumina, the electronic piece Artikulation, and a work with a title borr Gyorgy Ligeti
His Poeme symphonique is a work for a hundred "preferably pyramid-shaped" metronomes, while his only completed opera was based on a Michel de Ghelderode play and is titled Le Grande Macabre, but he is better known for Atmospheres and two other works that Gyorgy Ligeti
FTP, identify this Hungarian composer whose Lux Aeterna and Requiem can be found in the score for 2001: A Space Odyssey. Gyorgy Ligeti
Sometimes replaced by a violin in Glinka's Trio Pathetique, it was invented in the 1710's by Johann Christoph Denner and only became a staple of orchestras in the 1780's clarinet
Weber and Copland wrote concertos for it but the most famous is Mozart's in A major, which was his last major instrumental work clarinet
He and Brahms also wrote famous quintets for strings and this wind instrument, whose virtuosi include Gervase de Payer, David Shifrin and Sabine Meyer clarinet
FTP, Elaine's Bar on New York's Upper East Side is where you go to hear Woody Allen play what wind instrument tuned in B-flat and played with a single reed, whose famous jazz artists have included Woody Herman, Artie Shaw and Benny Goodman. clarinet
Due to its extensive fugato, Francois Habaneck initially attacked this orchestral work for being too academic Symphony No. 5 in D major/D minor ("Reformation"), Op. 107 (accept either underlined part; accept Symphony No. 5 in D major/D minor ("Reformation"), Op. 107 before it's mentioned)
Its first movement was described as "a fat bristly animal" by its composer and is reminiscent of Beethoven's Ninth, with which it shares a D-minor key Symphony No. 5 in D major/D minor ("Reformation"), Op. 107 (accept either underlined part; accept Symphony No. 5 in D major/D minor ("Reformation"), Op. 107 before it's mentioned)
Wagner's Parsifal samples from that first movement during which strings, flutes and bassoons weave a liturgical mood and which culminates in the "Dresden Amen." During the fourth and final movement, a flute solo introduces and a clarinet chorus recalls a Symphony No. 5 in D major/D minor ("Reformation"), Op. 107 (accept either underlined part; accept Symphony No. 5 in D major/D minor ("Reformation"), Op. 107 before it's mentioned)
Herman Scherchen and Wolfgang Graeser both arranged this work for orchestra, since the composer did not specify on what instrument it was to be performed The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
Its first published version included a chorale attached by the composer's son, entitled "Here Before Thy Throne I Stand." The last of its four canons is augmented in retrograde motion, while the second is written for two voices separated by an octave The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
These canons connect the main movements, the sixth of which is "in the French style," and the last of which was left unfinished at the composer's death, ending on a motif that spells out his name The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
FTP, name this composition which consists of fourteen Contrapuncti, written by J.S The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
Bach. The Art of the Fugue or Die Kunst der Fuge
Notable pieces in this opera include the duet "Il core vi dono," in which a character gives away a locket containing a portrait of her husband, and the aria "Come scoglio," in which the same character expresses her constancy Cosi fan tutte (accept All Women Do the Same or They're All Like That or other equivalents; accept So Do They All before it's mentioned)
The opera's title comes from a line spoken by Basilio in a trio which appears in an earlier opera by the same composer Cosi fan tutte (accept All Women Do the Same or They're All Like That or other equivalents; accept So Do They All before it's mentioned)
At the end of Act I, a doctor uses a large magnet to cure a poisoning, but turns out to be the maid Despina in disguise Cosi fan tutte (accept All Women Do the Same or They're All Like That or other equivalents; accept So Do They All before it's mentioned)
She later presides over the final marriage scene in which Ferrando and Guglielmo, dressed as Albanians, swap their wives, Dorabella and Fiordiligi, thus fulfilling a challenge issued by Don Alfonso Cosi fan tutte (accept All Women Do the Same or They're All Like That or other equivalents; accept So Do They All before it's mentioned)
FTP, name this Mozart opera whose title translates as "So do they all." Cosi fan tutte (accept All Women Do the Same or They're All Like That or other equivalents; accept So Do They All before it's mentioned)
The piano is instructed to play "blue-orange chords" in the second movement while the third movement is a clarinet solo depicting an "abyss." Among its eight total movements are "dance of fury, for the seven trumpets," despite the lack of any trumpets in Quatuor pour la fin du temps, for violin, cello, clarinet & piano, I/22 (or Quartet for the End of Time; accept any underlined part)
It begins with a depiction of birds waking up at three in the morning in the "liturgy of crystal" and includes "praises" to the "immortality" and "eternity" of Jesus Quatuor pour la fin du temps, for violin, cello, clarinet & piano, I/22 (or Quartet for the End of Time; accept any underlined part)
Originally performed by Henri Akoka on clarinet, Étienne Pasquier on cello, and Jean Le Boulaire on violin along with the composer on piano, it is based on an announcement by an angel in chapter ten of Revelation Quatuor pour la fin du temps, for violin, cello, clarinet & piano, I/22 (or Quartet for the End of Time; accept any underlined part)
FTP, name this piece written at the Görlitz concentration camp by Olivier Messiaen. Quatuor pour la fin du temps, for violin, cello, clarinet & piano, I/22 (or Quartet for the End of Time; accept any underlined part)
In the second act, the villains of this opera swear an oath of vengeance in "Der Rache Werk" just before the heroine appears and sings "Euch Lüften, die mein Klagen" at the beginning of the Balcony Scene Lohengrin
That heroine's first act soliloquy "Einsam in trüben Tagen" describes her dream of the title character, who is forced to leave after Ortrud goads the heroine into asking the title character his name Lohengrin
A mechanical error during a performance led Leo Slezak to quip, "What time does the next swan leave?" The Bridal Chorus plays during Elsa's marriage in, FTP, this Wagner opera centering on the titular son of Parsifal. Lohengrin
In this work's long first movement, the first of the three opening orchestral chords oddly lacks a B flat note, and each chord is followed by a short cadenza "Emperor Concerto" or Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 [require "Beethoven" before mention]
Its second movement, in B major, ends with a long pedal point beginning with the French horns that sees a semitone drop from B major to B flat on the bassoon lead directly into the third movement, which is back in E flat major "Emperor Concerto" or Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 [require "Beethoven" before mention]
Its Vienna premier featured the composer's student Carl Czerny as the soloist, due to the composer's deafness "Emperor Concerto" or Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 [require "Beethoven" before mention]
FTP name this work for solo keyboard instrument and orchestra, the last such work written by Ludwig van Beethoven. "Emperor Concerto" or Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 [require "Beethoven" before mention]
A stretch of bars in 7/4 ("seven four") time in this work's Finale was its composer's first use of metrical irregularity, and the composer noted his delight with its natural-harmonic string glissando in Expositions and Developments The Firebird or L'Oiseau de Feu or Zhar-ptitsa
The Sinfonietta on Russian Themes by the teacher of its composer informs the oboe melody in this work's Khorovod section, representing a round dance of thirteen princesses The Firebird or L'Oiseau de Feu or Zhar-ptitsa
A solo bassoon represents the title creature luring a castle full of monsters to sleep in the Berceuse, after forcing them to exhaust themselves in the Infernal Dance of King Kastchei The Firebird or L'Oiseau de Feu or Zhar-ptitsa
FTP, name this Stravinsky ballet in which the magical title creature gives Ivan one of its feathers. The Firebird or L'Oiseau de Feu or Zhar-ptitsa
In the second act of this opera, one character sings a tune from Grétry's Richard the Lion-Hearted after a masque featuring Daphnis, Chloe, and Plutus is presented at a masked ball The Queen of Spades or Pique Dame or Pikovaya Dama
After that Faithful Shepherdess intermezzo, the main character hides in a bedroom, revealing himself after the occupant sings a French song from her youth, "Je crains de lui parler la nuit." The main character then sings the pleading refrain "Yesli, kogd The Queen of Spades or Pique Dame or Pikovaya Dama
Prince Yeletski has his revenge when the main character fails to get the ace he expects in, FTP, this 1890 opera about a gambler named Herman, based on a story by Pushkin and composed by Tchaikovsky. The Queen of Spades or Pique Dame or Pikovaya Dama
He wrote his own libretti for his first operas, Irmelin and The Magic Fountain, and his other early works include the tone poems Over the Hills and Far Away and Hiawatha Frederick Delius
One of his works contains a melody taken from the folk song "In Osa Valley" and another theme in which the title creature is evoked by an oboe and divided strings Frederick Delius
Another work features an orchestral "Walk to the Paradise Garden" and is based on a Gottfried Keller work Frederick Delius
His friend Thomas Beecham premiered this composer's Nietzschean A Mass of Life Frederick Delius
In addition to writing On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring, he also wrote a set of variations on the folk song "Brigg Fair" and the Florida Suite Frederick Delius
For 10 points, identify this English composer who also wrote the opera A Village Romeo and Juliet. Frederick Delius
In a comic scene in this work, a maid disguised as a doctor produces a huge magnet and pretends to cure two men, intoning "Questo e quel pezzo." The talents of Adriana Gabrielli, who had recently become the librettist's mistress, induced its composer to Così fan tutte, ossia La Scuola degli Amanti (accept Women are like that, or School for Lovers, or So Do They All, or School for Lovers, or any other reasonably close answer, before the English translation is mentioned in the question)
FTP name this light opera with libretto by da Ponte and composed by Mozart whose title translates roughly as "Women are like that." Così fan tutte, ossia La Scuola degli Amanti (accept Women are like that, or School for Lovers, or So Do They All, or School for Lovers, or any other reasonably close answer, before the English translation is mentioned in the question)
Michael Marissen argues that this work's use of major mode keys of the soft hexachord was intended to complement L'Estro Armonico Brandenburg concertos
Its composer's Sinfonia in F Major is an early version of its first portion lacking the third movement and the polonaise of the fourth movement Brandenburg concertos
A lengthy solo passage for harpsichord caps the first movement of one piece, and another has two fast movements separated by two slow chords Brandenburg concertos
The third of these works divides the orchestra into three parts, while the second features solo violin, flute, oboe and trumpet Brandenburg concertos
Catalogued as BWV 1046-1051, FTP name this collection of six instrumental pieces by Bach, named for a Margrave. Brandenburg concertos
The first theme of this D minor piece modulates to C major and reappears three times in full, beginning a fourth repetition as the music fades away Gretchen am Spinnrade (accept Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel and close equivalents)
That theme is set to the words "Meine Ruh is hin, mein Herz ist schwer." The climax is a high G harmonized by a C# diminished chord in the piano as the title character sings of the kiss of her beloved Gretchen am Spinnrade (accept Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel and close equivalents)
At that moment, the cyclic accompaniment figure in the piano pauses, and then builds momentum to a steady whirring after beginning from individual rotations of the title object Gretchen am Spinnrade (accept Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel and close equivalents)
FTP, name this Schubert lied [LEED] based on a scene from Goethe in which Faust's love is working in her room at the title object. Gretchen am Spinnrade (accept Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel and close equivalents)
This piece marked the first use of three French horns in symphonic orchestration Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major or Eroica or Beethoven's Opus 55 (accept just 3 or Third or Opus 55 after Beethoven is mentioned)
An early C sharp is reinterpreted as D flat at the start of a downward resolution into a solo for first horn Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major or Eroica or Beethoven's Opus 55 (accept just 3 or Third or Opus 55 after Beethoven is mentioned)
This occurs during the recapitulation, which sees the second horn come in four bars before the rest of the orchestra Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major or Eroica or Beethoven's Opus 55 (accept just 3 or Third or Opus 55 after Beethoven is mentioned)
Its composer adapted the musical themes of its finale from his "Prometheus" Variations, and it shares its nickname with the seventh of Liszt's Transcendental Etudes Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major or Eroica or Beethoven's Opus 55 (accept just 3 or Third or Opus 55 after Beethoven is mentioned)
The second movement Marche funèbre is sometimes extracted from, FTP, this symphony "Composed to celebrate the memory of a great man," originally dedicated to Napoleon and written by Beethoven. Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major or Eroica or Beethoven's Opus 55 (accept just 3 or Third or Opus 55 after Beethoven is mentioned)
One of his operas includes the arias "With my mother" and "How strange and dead," as well as a furiant dance and "The Dance of the Comedians." His orchestral works include the Triumphal Symphony, the Festive Symphony, and a collection of symphonic tone p Bedrich Smetana
He said that the finale of a string quartet "includes a long-drawn out note, the fatal whistling" meant to symbolize his syphilis-induced deafness Bedrich Smetana
FTP name this composer of the opera The Bartered Bride and the string quartet From My Life who depicted "The Moldau" in his Má vlast. Bedrich Smetana
Four years after its premier, this work's commissioner finally heard it and sent the composer a message stating, "Beethoven is dead and [this work's composer] alone can revive him." The primary theme was recycled from the composer's unpublished concert o Harold in Italy, Symphony with Viola obbligato (prompt on Berlioz's second symphony or equivalents)
Paganini commissioned this piece after acquiring a Stradivarius viola, and the viola part portrays the melancholy title character Harold in Italy, Symphony with Viola obbligato (prompt on Berlioz's second symphony or equivalents)
Partially inspired by the composer visit to the region of Abruzzo, where all of the movements are set, FTP, name this second symphony by Hector Berlioz which was inspired by and takes its title from a poem by Lord Byron. Harold in Italy, Symphony with Viola obbligato (prompt on Berlioz's second symphony or equivalents)
Other works that share its name include a setting of Guinaud's poetry by De Joncieres, an 1889 fantasy by Glazunov inspired by Liszt's tone poems, and an orchestral work prefaced by the poems of Levis, written by Gilson La Mer or The Sea
These works, along with D'Indy's L'Etranger, helped inspire this piece La Mer or The Sea
The first edition manuscript given to Varèse includes brass fanfares that were later removed from the third section, a dialogue between the wind and the title setting La Mer or The Sea
Proceeding "from dawn to noon" in the first movement, FTP name this Debussy piece whose second movement depicts the "play of the waves." La Mer or The Sea
This man's last painting was a portrait of his neighbor and tennis partner, Arnold Schoenberg George Gershwin or Jacob Gershovitz
He bought a copy of Forsyth's Orchestration for use in working on a commission from Damrosch George Gershwin or Jacob Gershovitz
He was the soloist at the premiere of that work, which was preceded on the program by Glazunov's 5th symphony, chosen for the Charleston rhythm featured in his Concerto in F George Gershwin or Jacob Gershovitz
He bought four taxi horns for a work inspired by a trip to Europe, and the rhythms of a train ride in Boston inspired another piece that opens with a clarinet glissando George Gershwin or Jacob Gershovitz
FTP, name this composer of An American in Paris and Rhapsody in Blue. George Gershwin or Jacob Gershovitz
It was the inspiration for the later Piano Sonata No Hammerklavier or Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 29
2 of Boulez, who elaborated on its contrapuntal form Hammerklavier or Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 29
The first movement of the piece, Allegro, introduces fortissimo B-flat chords, and the very short Scherzo parodies the first Hammerklavier or Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 29
The third movement, one of the longest of any solo piece up to the time, is an Adagio sostenuto that is said to have inspired much Romantic-era music Hammerklavier or Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 29
The final movement, marked Allegro risoluto, begins with contrapuntal meanderings before breaking out into a full fugue similar to its composer's Grosse Fuge Hammerklavier or Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 29
FTP, name this piano sonata by Beethoven whose name describes both the instrument and the piece's difficulty. Hammerklavier or Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 29
Its famous chorus is the only encore James Levine ever allowed at the Metropolitan Opera; oddly, though, the encore at its premiere was not that chorus but "Immenso Jehovah." The opera begins with a love triangle, as Fenena and Abigaille compete for the a Nabucco or Nabucodonosor
The opera ends as Fenena and the Jews are about to be sacrificed on the altar of Baal, but they are saved by the title king Nabucco or Nabucodonosor
FTP, name this Verdi opera set in Babylon that includes a chorus of Hebrew slaves singing "Va, pensiero, sull'ali dorate." Nabucco or Nabucodonosor
This man's early works include the string septet Shaker Loops and the piano piece Phrygian Gates John Adams
His time as composer in residence for the San Francisco Symphony produced works like a tribute to the Second Viennese School, Harmonielehre, and a choral work using the text of a John Donne poem and two Emily Dickinson poems, Harmonium John Adams
He used missing persons reports, internet postings, and cell phone conversations as the text for his 9/11 tribute, On the Transmigration of Souls, and wrote operas about the hijacking of the Achille Lauro and the visit of a President to a certain country John Adams
FTP name this modern American composer of The Death of Klinghoffer and Nixon in China. John Adams
One character in this work woos Giovanna's charge while disguised as the poor student Walter Maldè Rigoletto
That same character seduces the Countess Ceprano after summarizing his womanizing philosophy in the aria "Questa o quella." The title character is tricked into helping break into his own house, where Borsa, Marullo and their companions succeed in carryin Rigoletto
Monterone's curse on the title character is fulfilled when his daughter Gilda sacrifices herself to Sparafucile's knife Rigoletto
Featuring the aria "La donna è mobile," FTP name this Verdi opera about the titular hunchbacked jester. Rigoletto
This advocate of Simon Sechter's counterpoint system dedicated his fifth symphony to education minister Carl Stremayr Joseph Anton Bruckner
This composer of the "Study Symphony" also created the "Symphony of Rests" and attempted a choral work entirely in Lydian mode, Os Justi Joseph Anton Bruckner
A complete edition of his masses and symphonies was commissioned from Robert Haas Joseph Anton Bruckner
His admirer Hans Richter conducted the premiers of his 8th symphony and his 4th symphony, whose third-movement Scherzo depicts a hunting scene Joseph Anton Bruckner
FTP name this Austrian devotee of Wagner who penned a "Romantic" symphony. Joseph Anton Bruckner
A famous ostinato from this work's first movement is quoted in the Intermezzo interotto of Bela Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra Symphony No. 7 [or Leningrad Symphony; accept either; require "Shostakovich" before read]
The composer suggested employing a relief drummer for the 352 bar "little puppet-like tune" in the first movement, which features a C major theme later quoted in the tonic minor as a "requiem." The second movement begins with a fugue-like theme in the str Symphony No. 7 [or Leningrad Symphony; accept either; require "Shostakovich" before read]
A march, repeated twelve times in eleven minutes, follows a theme said to represent the Nazi incursion into Russia Symphony No. 7 [or Leningrad Symphony; accept either; require "Shostakovich" before read]
For 10 points, name this symphony by Dmitri Shostakovich named for a city. Symphony No. 7 [or Leningrad Symphony; accept either; require "Shostakovich" before read]
The manic sexual desires of the title nun are the subject of this composer's opera Sancta Susanna, while Thorton Wilder collaborated with him on his tragicomedy about the Bayard family, The Long Christmas Dinner Paul Hindemith
His use of a non-diatonic system was detailed in The Craft of Musical Composition and applied in his piano piece Ludus Tonalis Paul Hindemith
The composer of a viola concerto whose title means "The Swan-Turner," he took a suggestion to write Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber Paul Hindemith
For 10 points, name this German composer of the requiem When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd and an opera about the painter of the Isenheim altarpiece, Mathis der Maler. Paul Hindemith
The aria "Di provenza il mar" is sung by one character in this opera to comfort his son, whose love for the title character was first admitted to her by Gastoné de Letorières in Act I La Traviata
Later, the title character's new husband, the Baron Dauphol, becomes infuriated with the gambling successes of Giorgio Germont's son, who misunderstands the title character's warnings and storms off La Traviata
Earlier, the duet "Libiamo" is sung at the opening party by Alfredo and the object of his affection, the titular courtesan La Traviata
For 10 points, name this opera in which Violetta eventually dies of consumption, a work by Giuseppe Verdi. La Traviata
A recent John Adams piece fictionally claims that his father knew this man Charles Ives
His chamber works include From the Side Hill and The Other Side of Pioneering, while his Second Symphony ends with a chord nicknamed "the Bronx Cheer." Central Park in the Dark was written as a response to the "cosmic drama" of a better-known piece domin Charles Ives
For 10 points, name this eclectic American composer of The Concord Sonata and Three Places in New England. Charles Ives
Bruce Broughton wrote a concerto for this instrument with Tommy Johnson in mind, and John Fletcher was the dedicatee of a concerto for this instrument composed by Edward Gregson tuba
It is featured as a soloist in the "Bydlo" movement of Pictures at an Exhibition, and near the end of his life, Vaughan Williams wrote an F minor concerto for it tuba
A variety of it was invented for use in the Ring Cycle and is named for Wagner, and its first notable use in the orchestra saw it replace the ophicleide, itself a descendant of the serpent tuba
For 10 points, name this cousin of the euphonium and basis for the sousaphone, the lowest-pitched member of the brass family. tuba
One of this composer's early successes was a setting of "Behold the Murmuring Sea," a poem by the same author who inspired his The Combat of Tancredi and Clorinda Claudio Monteverdi
An ascension of a patron led to the opera Licoris Who Feigned Madness, and he lost his wife around the time of writing an aria beginning "Let Me Die," the "Lamento D'Arriana." Another opera with libretto by Busenello drew heavily on events in Tacitus' Ann Claudio Monteverdi
For 10 points, name this Italian composer of The Coronation of Poppea and L'Orfeo. Claudio Monteverdi
A controversial work on this theme added the confidante Laura and was composed by George Benda, while Berlioz, whose own opus 17 concerns this theme, considered the one by Daniel Steibelt to be the best of its kind Romeo and Juliet
Two vehement anti-Shostakovich editorials in Pravda prevented the performance in Russia of a ballet on this theme that features a notable part for tenor saxophone Romeo and Juliet
A work by Gottfried Keller provided the inspiration for one that contains the interlude "The Walk to the Paradise Garden" and is set in a village Romeo and Juliet
For 10 points, name this play that inspired an overture by Tchaikovsky and an opera by Gounod about two star-crossed lovers. Romeo and Juliet
This man's second string quartet includes a soprano in its last two movements, and he wrote an Accompaniment to a Cinematographic Scene while trying to find work as a film composer Arnold Schoenberg
Unaware of Debussy's opera, he wrote a tone poem on Pelleas and Melisande, and he composed a large setting of poems by Jens Peter Jacobsen, Gurreleide Arnold Schoenberg
This composer of A Survivor from Warsaw also wrote a string sextet about a woman's revelation of infidelity and an unfinished opera based on Exodus Arnold Schoenberg
For 10 points, identify this composer of Moses und Aron, Transfigured Night, and Pierrot Lunaire, the leader of the Second Viennese School who developed the 12-tone scale. Arnold Schoenberg
Charles Koechlin completed his Egyptian-themed ballet Khamma, and this composer spent thirty years vacillating over the incidental music for As You Like It Achille Claude Debussy
He used a woodwind solo based on an Indian elephant-charm and parodied Gounoud's "Soldier's Chorus" and Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" in a ballet written for children, The Box of Toys, and he also wrote the depiction of tennis, Jeux Achille Claude Debussy
Another piece, which depicts a nocturnal phenomenon, is part of his Suite Bergamesque Achille Claude Debussy
For 10 points, name this composer who used the sections about the "dialogue of the wind," "from dawn to noon" and "play of the waves" in his La Mer and also wrote "Clair de Lune." Achille Claude Debussy
At one point in this work, a man refuses to return a borrowed telescope, while earlier, another character poses with a dove for a photo and asks "Can women have wishes?" It includes the much-mocked line "Pigeons on the grass, alas," and its scenery was pa Four Saints in Three Acts
It ends with the call-and-response couplet, "Last act...which is a fact." For 10 points, name this opera which parallels the Lost Generation of Paris and the sixteenth-century Spanish religious orders, written by Gertrude Stein and Virgil Thomson. Four Saints in Three Acts
This creator of octave-free teaching pieces known as Gyermekeknek is also responsible for the suite Out of Doors Béla Bartók
One piece by this composer is best known for its andante second section, entitled "Through forest aroving, hey-yah!" In addition to Cantata profana, this composer created a piano piece with a movement called "From the Diary of a Fly," a pantomime similar Béla Bartók
For 10 points, name this composer of Mikrokosmos, The Miraculous Mandarin, and Music for Strings, Percussion & Celesta; a collector of Hungarian folk music. Béla Bartók
This work's text was strongly influenced by Gazzaniga's Convitato di pietra, which appeared eleven years before it Don Giovanni
One character sings "Ah, pity me, my lords" after being confused for the title character, in an incident that also leads Ottavio to sing "My Treasure" about his beloved Anna, whose father was killed at the beginning of Act I Don Giovanni
The peasant Zerlina often has to pacify Masetto's anger at the title figure, while Donna Elvira is informed of the title character's exploits by Leporello in the "Catalogue" aria Don Giovanni
For 10 points, name this opera ending with the statue of Anna's father, the Commendatore, dragging the titular seducer to Hell, composed by Mozart. Don Giovanni
A portrait in the Vatican shows him holding a copy of his work Accepit Jesus calicem, and the source of his Missa Benedicta Es was only recently identified Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina
He used excessive salary demands to avoid taking musical posts in Vienna and Mantua, and Johann Fux codified the contrapuntal rules used in a certain type of his work, which included two composed on the tune "L'homme Armé." He wrote Improperia while choir Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina
John Lateran, while a legend about this man was perpetuated by a Pfitzner opera Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina
For 10 points, name this composer whose Pope Marcellus Mass supposedly convinced the Council of Trent not to ban polyphonic music. Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina
Part 1 of this work, which was originally meant to have a section called "Christmas games with the Christ child," opens with an allegro impetuoso whose polyphony was inspired by the composer's recent studies of Bach and features a notable trombone motif Symphony of a Thousand [accept Mahler's Symphony Number 8 before mentioned]
The "Eternal-Feminine" section of its 2nd part was admired when it premiered, and follows a section featuring Doctor Marianus while preceding an instrumental coda of the first part, a setting of the Latin hymn "Veni, creator spiritus." For 10 points, iden Symphony of a Thousand [accept Mahler's Symphony Number 8 before mentioned]
One character in this opera addresses the audience during the prologue and reminds them that the actors are real people with feelings in "Si può? Signore! Signori!" Set in Calabria on the Feast of the Assumption, trouble starts when two characters go off Pagliacci [or Clowns]
The main character sings "Vesti la giubba" to prepare himself for their show, in which Colombina's exploits mirror the real-life situation and lead Canio to murder Nedda Pagliacci [or Clowns]
For 10 points, name this opera about tragedy in a commedia dell'arte troupe by Ruggero Leoncavallo. Pagliacci [or Clowns]
This work begins without an introduction and plunges right into three tutti chords with sixteenth-note flourishes and a long main theme, which is followed by a G, G-sharp, A motif that motivates the second theme Jupiter Symphony [or Symphony No. 41 in C major; or K. 551]
An unusual moment in the first movement is the insertion of the air "Voi siete un po tondo," which was composed a few months earlier Jupiter Symphony [or Symphony No. 41 in C major; or K. 551]
Near the end of the final movement of this piece, the movement's theme is inverted and used as a subject for a fugue that goes on to incorporate the other major themes of the piece Jupiter Symphony [or Symphony No. 41 in C major; or K. 551]
With a name coined by impresario Johann Peter Salomon, for 10 points, name this C-major symphony by Mozart, his last, which is named for its jovial quality. Jupiter Symphony [or Symphony No. 41 in C major; or K. 551]
In Act II, Scene 2, a character sings an aria criticizing the Bible, which leads another character's wife to sing "Shame on all you sinners!" The chorus, while sitting in Serena's room, believes Death is "...knocking at the door" when one main character i Porgy and Bess
A Henri Arnaut de Zwolle wrote the premier medieval treatise on this instrument, while the definitive book on their construction was written by Arnold Schlick organ
Leos Janacek taught at a school in Brno dedicated to this instrument, for which Cesar Franck wrote his Grande Piece Symphonique organ
Charles-Marie Widor wrote ten symphonies for it and collaborated with Albert Schweizer on a definitive edition of J.S organ
Bach's works for it organ
Anton Bruckner wrote several preludes for this instrument, for which Copland wrote an early symphony organ
Most popularly the focus of the third symphony by Camille Saint-Saens, this is, for 10 points what keyboard instrument often found in churches? organ
This work was adapted in 2006 for the Roundabout Theatre by Wallace Shawn, who appeared on stage during the "Song about the Futility of Human Endeavour." At one point, the main character sings the "Ballad of the Easy Life" before the daughter of Chief Tig The Threepenny Opera [or Die Dreigroschenoper]
That character, Lucy, had sung the "Jealousy Duet" with the daughter of Celia, who bribed the prostitute Jenny to betray the main character after he had married Polly Peachum The Threepenny Opera [or Die Dreigroschenoper]
Its best known song is the prelude introducing the main character, "Mack the Knife." For 10 points, name this musical adapted from John Gay's Beggar's Opera, composed by Kurt Weil with lyrics by Bertolt Brecht. The Threepenny Opera [or Die Dreigroschenoper]
At one point in this opera, a character bangs on a door and the entire building around her makes a "cavernous sighing" noise, and later, a blinding ray of light is accompanied by a C major chord in the entire orchestra Duke Bluebeard's Castle [or A kékszakállú herceg vára]
It begins with a sometimes-omitted spoken prologue that asks whether the stage is "outside or in." A minor second forms the blood motif in this work, in which an armory, a lake of tears, and a torture chamber are behind three of the seven doors in the tit Duke Bluebeard's Castle [or A kékszakállú herceg vára]
For 10 points, identify this psychological opera in which Judith discovers the three former wives of the title character, a work of Bela Bartok. Duke Bluebeard's Castle [or A kékszakállú herceg vára]
This composer's chamber works include a single-movement piece in C minor usually known as the Quartettsatz, as well as a sonata in A minor for arpeggione and piano Franz Schubert
His Rondo in A Major and Fantasy in F minor are major four-handed works for piano, and like Rachmaninoff he composed a set of four Moments musicaux for solo piano Franz Schubert
"Die Leiermann" closes another work whose movements include "Auf dem Flusse" and "Der Lindenbaum," and the song "Die Forelle" is the basis for one movement of a piece that substitutes a double bass for the usual second violin Franz Schubert
For 10 points, name this composer of Die Winterreise, the Trout Quintet, and the Unfinished Symphony. Franz Schubert
This man's second symphony introduced electronic instruments to imitate radio signals, and a reading of "Prometheus Unbound" inspired his Music for a Scene from Shelley Samuel Barber
His neoclassical works include the Capricorn Concerto, while he experimented with atonality in Prayers of Kierkegaard Samuel Barber
He received a Pulitzer Prize for an opera in which Anatol seduces Erika, while another of his works is written in "arch" form and comes from the second movement of his first string quartet Samuel Barber
For 10 points, name this American composer who used a text by James Agee in his Knoxville: Summer of 1915, and who created the opera Vanessa and the Adagio for Strings. Samuel Barber
In the first act finale of this opera, "Silence, let no one warn him," the villain revels in his plan, while in the aria "Comes a pretty boy this path," Annchen jokes with his cousin Der Freischutz [or The Freeshooter or The Marksman]
An early chorus praises the rich young Kilian, who initially defeats the protagonist in acquiring the favor of the master Kuno, while a meeting with Duke Ottokar follows the "Huntsmen's Chorus." In the Wolf's Glen scene, Kaspar summons the demon Zamiel in Der Freischutz [or The Freeshooter or The Marksman]
For 10 points, name this opera composed by Carl Maria von Weber. Der Freischutz [or The Freeshooter or The Marksman]
In this work, two characters sing a barcarolle about a gondola girl and "Senator Three-Teeth." The heroine says she is like a fluttering breeze when she rejects her suitor, choosing instead to be impressed by Belcore The Elixir of Love [or L'elisir d'amore]
Gianetta first encourages the heroine to read aloud a story that attracts the hero's attention, and later reveals that the hero's uncle in Ravenna has died The Elixir of Love [or L'elisir d'amore]
In the aria "Prendi, per me sei libero," Adina finally admits that she loves the main chracter, who had just recognized her love for him in his aria "Una furtiva lagrima." The title substance is sold by Dr The Elixir of Love [or L'elisir d'amore]
Dulcamara in, for 10 points, this Donizetti opera in which Nemorino is impressed by a beverage drunk by Tristan and Isolde. The Elixir of Love [or L'elisir d'amore]
One melody from this work was adapted into the hymn Thaxted, and later into "O God beyond All Praising." Its penultimate movement, featuring prominent tympani, is dominated by a repeated four-note phrase, and its fifth movement develops a pattern of two c The Planets Suite
Its final movement contains a wordless choir, while part of the fourth inspired Cecil Spring-Rice's patriotic song "I Vow to thee my Country." Its opening movement is a distinctive rhythmic ostinato in 5/4 time, and its sections are known as the Mystic, t The Planets Suite
For 10 points, name this suite by Gustav Holst, to which Colin Matthews added "Pluto." The Planets Suite
This man's only opera was The Maiden in the Tower, though a later work was originally the prelude to the never-realized opera The Creation of the Boat Jean Sibelius
He wrote incidental music to plays like Everyman and Strindberg's fairy-drama Swanwhite, while tone poems include Nightride and Sunrise and The Dryad Jean Sibelius
"A Spring in the Park" and "Three Blind Sisters" are among the eight movements of his incidental music to Pelleas et Melisande Jean Sibelius
This composer of seven symphonies honored his home province in his Karelia Suite, though he is better-known for mythical pieces like Kullervo and The Swan of Tuonela Jean Sibelius
For 10 points, name this composer of Finlandia. Jean Sibelius
This work was originally meant to be called simply Program Symphony, but the composer wanted the program to remain secret Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 [accept Pathetique before it is read]
The first movement features a trombone passage based on the Orthodox Hymn, while earlier the main motif of a descending second is introduced in the bassoon, which later is asked to play at a volume marked with six p's Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 [accept Pathetique before it is read]
The second movement is in five-four time, while the ending of the third movement is sometimes mistaken for the end of the piece, as the non-traditional final movement of this B minor work is slow and quiet Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 [accept Pathetique before it is read]
For 10 points, identify this final work of Tchaikovsky, commonly known as Pathetique. Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 [accept Pathetique before it is read]
He abandoned many operas, including The Cup of the King of Thule and Don Rodrigue, and he died before he could complete an opera about Ivan the Terrible Georges Bizet
His opera teacher was Jacques Halevy, whose daughter he married Georges Bizet
His instrumental works include Children's Game and some incidental music to a play by Alphonse Daudet Georges Bizet
One of operas most famous duets, "Au fond du temple saint," comes from his The Pearl Fishers Georges Bizet
His most famous opera includes character such as Zuniga, Escamillo, and Don José Georges Bizet
FTP, name this French composer who wrote an opera about a Spanish gypsy named Carmen. Georges Bizet
Belgian composer Boudewijn Buckinx (BO-de-wine Boo-kingsk ) made a typically postmodern "statement" when he produced nine of them between 1991 and 1992 Unfinished Symphonies
Other examples include Burgmüller's second, Borodin's third, Bruckner's ninth, Sibelius' eighth, Bizet's "Roma," Mahler's tenth, and Tchaikovsky's seventh Unfinished Symphonies
FTP, heart attacks, a blood infection, and drowning in a mineral bath are among the reasons that these musical works fall under this category, the classic examples of which are Schubert's eighth and Beethoven's tenth. Unfinished Symphonies
He was inspired by Ludvig Lindeman to create four Symphonic Dances and one of his frequent walking expeditions led to the cycle The Mountain Maid Edvard Grieg
His other works include Lyric Pieces and The Holberg Suite, and his only concerto completed was the Piano Concerto in A minor, which was similar in style to Robert Schumann's Edvard Grieg
His most famous work contains Anitra's Dance and The Hall of the Mountain King Edvard Grieg
FTP, name this Norwegian composer of Peer Gynt. Edvard Grieg
This man based his cantata "Aeolus Propitiated" on a work by Nicholas Harmoncourt, and he wrote only three oratorios, the Easter, Christmas, and Ascension Johann Sebastian Bach
He later returned to mythological themes with a cantata featuring the son of Alcmene "at the crossroads." String works include six suites for solo cello and the sonatas and partitas for solo violin, but better known are a set of 10 "puzzle canons" on a r Johann Sebastian Bach
FTP name this prolific contrapuntal composer of The Art of Fugue and the Brandenburg Concertos. Johann Sebastian Bach
Ljuba Welitsch is arguably the most famous soprano to play the title character in this opera, based on a Hedwig Lachmann translation Salome
After the title character leaves a feast, she can hear her mother, Herodias, being cursed at Salome
This opera contains a passage for quarrelling Jews and a spell in which the title character gives vent to her lust for Jokanaan Salome
Jokanaan is later slain and his severed head presented to to the title character upon a silver charger Salome
Set in Palestine at the time of Christ, FTP name this opera by Strauss in which the title character performs the "Dance of the Seven Veils" before King Herod and his court. Salome
A Villa-Lobos Fantasia and a Milhaud work with "Vif" as the first movement were both adapted for a performer of this instrument with the nickname "Le Patron." In Kodály's Háry János Suite, this instrument has a solo at the end of the "Battle and Defeat of saxophone
In Prokofiev's Lieutenant Kije Suite, the title character is depicted with this instrument in the "Romance" movement saxophone
Sidney Bechet was the basis for the Steppenwolf character Pablo, who played this instrument saxophone
Featured in Vaughn Williams' Symphony No saxophone
6 and Bizet's L'Arlesienne Suite, it is found most prominently in the B-flat tenor and E-flat alto versions saxophone
FTP, name this woodwind instrument often featured in jazz bands, most notably played by Stan Getz, Coleman Hawkins, and Charlie Parker. saxophone
In John Corigliano's The Mannheim Rocket, it is followed by the blowing of a loud whistle "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star" (accept "Ah ! vous dirai-je, Maman" before "expresses curiosity...")
Kevin Love wrote a series of progressive variations for guitar on it, and an atonal version can be found in movement XVIII of Olivier Messaien's Vingt Regards sur l'Enfant-Jésus "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star" (accept "Ah ! vous dirai-je, Maman" before "expresses curiosity...")
Originally written by Francois Bouin, this song is the basis of a set of dissonant variations by Erno Dohnanyi, his opus 25, and a better-known set of variations that comprise Mozart's k300e "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star" (accept "Ah ! vous dirai-je, Maman" before "expresses curiosity...")
Also featured in the beginning of movement 2 of Haydn's "Surprise Symphony," this is, FTP, what nursery song, which expresses curiosity about a celestial object? "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star" (accept "Ah ! vous dirai-je, Maman" before "expresses curiosity...")
John Rutter wrote one of these compositions that opens with a setting of a Thomas Ken writing Mass [accept Ordinary Mass b/c the works are all more or less Ordinaries]
Frederick Delius used passages from Also Sprach Zarathustra in his version of this form, and Leonard Bernstein, at the request of Jacqueline Kennedy, wrote a dramatized version that features many musical styles, including rock-n-roll and blues Mass [accept Ordinary Mass b/c the works are all more or less Ordinaries]
Stravinsky wrote a "very cold" setting with only moderate instrumentation, apparently as a reaction against elaborate settings like Mozart's "Coronation" version Mass [accept Ordinary Mass b/c the works are all more or less Ordinaries]
J.S Mass [accept Ordinary Mass b/c the works are all more or less Ordinaries]
Bach combined several earlier compositions into his seminal setting in B minor Mass [accept Ordinary Mass b/c the works are all more or less Ordinaries]
FTP name this musical form found in Ordinary and Proper varieties, designed to be used in Catholic worship services. Mass [accept Ordinary Mass b/c the works are all more or less Ordinaries]
His brief studies with Abbé Vogler led to his Variations on the Ballet Air of Vogler's Castor and Pollux as well as his Eight Variations on Vogler's Samori, studies which themselves had begun almost from the moment he showed any musical aptitude in the at Carl Maria von Weber
Though his voice was permanently damaged when he accidentally drank a glass of acid he was using while lithographing his own compositions, his ability to conduct and play guitar were undamaged, as was his ability to play piano, for which instrument he wro Carl Maria von Weber
FTP name this composer best known for The Free-Shooter. Carl Maria von Weber
He began to compose a cantata in 1863 which was based on a dramatic poem by Goethe, and is named for a knight who becomes enchanted by the witch Armida Johannes Brahms
He adapted the theme from the Presto section of the Choral Symphony for the final movement of his first symphony, which took him fifteen years to complete Johannes Brahms
One of his most famous works was written for the newly born son of his friend Bertha Faber, while he combined a full chorus, solo voices, and an orchestra with texts from the Lutheran Bible for his great choral work, the German Requiem Johannes Brahms
FTP, identify this Romantic composer from Austria, best known for variations on themes from Haydn and Handel, the Academic Festival Overture, and for his Lullaby. Johannes Brahms
The fourth movement is in G sharp minor and features an alto saxophone melody over a drone ostinato in 6/8 time, which represents a minstrel playing a mandolin Pictures at an Exhibition
A later movement uses a tenor tuba solo to depict some animals pulling a wagon Pictures at an Exhibition
In addition to "The Old Castle" and "Cattle," this composition includes "The Catacombs" and "Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks," which is preceded by a Promenade Pictures at an Exhibition
A stately procession through a never built Ukrainian structure was the inspiration for the last movement, entitled "The Great Gate of Kiev." FTP, name this suite famously orchestrated by Maurice Ravel, based on some art works of Viktor Hartmann and compos Pictures at an Exhibition
In Act I of this opera, the song "As Someday it May Happen" goes through a "little list" of the singer's many irritations with society, two of which are "the nigger serenader" and "the lady novelist." Following the relative failure of "Princess Ida," Ric The Mikado
The title character of this opera sings "See how the Fates their gifts allot" near the end of Act II, which is set in Ko-Ko's garden The Mikado
Ko-Ko, the Head Executioner of Titipu, plans to commit suicide upon learning that the title character plans to visit because he has not committed a single execution The Mikado
The ineffectual Ko-Ko ends up marrying Katisha, but only after being unable to marry Yum-Yum, who has married Nanki-Poo, the son of the title character The Mikado
FTP, name this pseudo-Japanese Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera, their ninth collaboration. The Mikado
Arias of this composer include "Cinta di Fiori" and "Qui la Voce Sua Soave," which appears his work based on the literary work Old Mortality Vincenzo Bellini
His tombstone contains the line "I did not think to see you extinguished so soon, oh flower," which is a line found in his opera which features characters such as Lisa, Elvino, Amina, and Count Rodolfo Vincenzo Bellini
Felice Romani was the librettist for many of his operas, including The Pirate Vincenzo Bellini
The title character of another of his operas, the daughter of Oroveso, is a Druid priestess who has two children with a Roman proconsul named Pollione Vincenzo Bellini
FTP, name this Italian composer of The Puritans, The Sleepwaker, and Norma. Vincenzo Bellini
His first opera was about a 13th century German knight who loves the wife of the antagonist Duke Robert, the lady Freihild Richard Strauss
His last opera or "conversation piece" on the contrary, is a debate among musicians, poets, and artists about whether words or music is more important in opera, set in a 18th century Countess's house in a single act entitled Capriccio Richard Strauss
His final work uses Joseph Eichendorff's poem Im Abendrot and three Herman Hesse settings related to death for Vier letzte lieder Richard Strauss
FTP, name this composer of Tod und Verkalung, Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks, and Ein Heldenleben, which were among his tone poems, the most famous being Don Juan. Richard Strauss
This work's section marked Allegro energico, sempre ben marcato utilizes a rare and complex double fugue on a doubly exposited theme Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral"), Op. 125 [accept any underlined part; accept Op. 125 before it's mentioned and prompt on it afterwards]
The seventh section of this musical work's final movement, an Alla marcia scherzo in 6/8, utilizes the combination of triangle, cymbals, and bass drum characteristic of Janissary music Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral"), Op. 125 [accept any underlined part; accept Op. 125 before it's mentioned and prompt on it afterwards]
Its composer's opus 125, this symphony was commissioned by the Royal Philharmonic Society in 1817 Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral"), Op. 125 [accept any underlined part; accept Op. 125 before it's mentioned and prompt on it afterwards]
FTP, name this 1824 musical work that notably uses Friedrich Schiller's "Ode to Joy;" the final symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven. Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral"), Op. 125 [accept any underlined part; accept Op. 125 before it's mentioned and prompt on it afterwards]
He used "La Follia" as the basis for his last original solo piano composition, Variations on a Theme of Corelli Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
Unsatisfied with his revisions of his second piano sonata, he gave Horowitz authority to change it however he pleased Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
Glazunov's drunken conducting of his first symphony sent him into a three-year-long depression, which he once consulted Tolstoy about Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
He wrote an Elegiac Trio after the death of Tchaikovsky, who was set to conduct his symphonic fantasy The Rock Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
He referred to his third piano concerto, written for his first American tour, as "a piece for elephants" Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
A painting by Bocklin inspired his Isle of the Dead, and he also set Poe's The Bells to music Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
FTP, identify this Russian composer who used a caprice for solo violin as the basis for arguably his most famous work, Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini. Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
In one part of this work, a low note played after an ascending scale represents several drunken partygoers' unsuccessful attempts to stand up The Four Seasons [or Le Quattro Stagioni; accept The Contest Between Harmony and Invention or Il Cimento dell'Armonia e dell'inventione before "larger work" is read; accept "L'autunno" or Autumn before "louder than the plucked strings" is read; do not acc
Many modern performances play the melody louder than the plucked strings representing rain on a window, assuming that the composer's instructions to make the rain sound louder are erroneous The Four Seasons [or Le Quattro Stagioni; accept The Contest Between Harmony and Invention or Il Cimento dell'Armonia e dell'inventione before "larger work" is read; accept "L'autunno" or Autumn before "louder than the plucked strings" is read; do not acc
In another part of this piece, several violins represents a brook, the lead violin plays a shepherd, and a viola plays the part of a sheepdog The Four Seasons [or Le Quattro Stagioni; accept The Contest Between Harmony and Invention or Il Cimento dell'Armonia e dell'inventione before "larger work" is read; accept "L'autunno" or Autumn before "louder than the plucked strings" is read; do not acc
The shepherd's fear of Zephyr and Boreas are discussed in one of the poems which accompany this cycle, which is part of a larger work dedicated to Wenzel von Morzin entitled The Contest Between Harmony and Invention The Four Seasons [or Le Quattro Stagioni; accept The Contest Between Harmony and Invention or Il Cimento dell'Armonia e dell'inventione before "larger work" is read; accept "L'autunno" or Autumn before "louder than the plucked strings" is read; do not acc
FTP, name this concerto series depicting "La Primavera," "L'estate," "L'autunno" and "L'inverno," which was composed by Antonio Vivaldi. The Four Seasons [or Le Quattro Stagioni; accept The Contest Between Harmony and Invention or Il Cimento dell'Armonia e dell'inventione before "larger work" is read; accept "L'autunno" or Autumn before "louder than the plucked strings" is read; do not acc
One opera which this man composed and wrote the libretto for now exists only in rival orchestrations by Gunther Schuller , T Scott Joplin
J Scott Joplin
Anderson, and William Bolcom Scott Joplin
That opera by this composer concludes with the dance "A Real Slow Drag," after Remus rescues the title character from the "conjur men." That character is the adopted daughter of Ned who is named for the place where she was found near a plantation in Arkan Scott Joplin
He also composed an opera about a 1902 dinner at the White House, A Guest of Honor, which, like his final dramatic work, If, is now lost Scott Joplin
His first credited compositions were "Please Say You Will" and "A Picture of Her Face," which he followed with the "The Strenuous Life," "The Easy Winners," "The Chrysanthemum, and the previously described opera Treemonisha Scott Joplin
FTP, name this composer of "The Cascades," "The Entertainer," and "Maple Leaf Rag," who was the pre-eminent ragtime piano writer. Scott Joplin
During his years at the commoners' Stadtkonvikt school, he composed an unfinished operetta, The Looking-Glass Knight Franz Schubert
He remained poor, partly due to the continued failure of such operas as The Devil's Palace of Desire and Fernando Franz Schubert
His orchestral works include the so-called "Little C Major" symphony and a C minor work known as the "Tragic" symphony, as well as incidental music written for the play Rosamunde Franz Schubert
All those works are catalogued according to a system devised by Otto Deutsch, which is why they have "D" numbers Franz Schubert
FTP, name this composer of the early 19th century who also wrote a "Great" C major symphony and an "Unfinished" symphony. Franz Schubert
In 1884, he visited England and was invited to write a seventh symphony Antonín Dvorák
While there, he was also invited to write two large-scale choral works, The Spectre's Bride and St Antonín Dvorák
Ludmila Antonín Dvorák
His fifth symphony quotes the first four notes of Tchaikovsky's First Piano Concerto for its main theme, and his first symphony was later nicknamed The Bells of Zlonice Antonín Dvorák
His most popular symphony was written while in New York City, features a famous Largo section, and contains many folk themes Antonín Dvorák
FTP, name this Czech composer most famous for Symphony No Antonín Dvorák
9, or "From the New World." Antonín Dvorák
The production of a will in the first act of this work favors Albert Gregor over the cousin of a deceased baron, and is preceded by the aria "Ach te, ach boze!" sung by a clerk The Makropulos Affair (or The Makropulos Case or The Makropulos Secret) or Vec Makropulos
At the start of its second act, a cleaning woman sings, "Videly ty kytice?" [vee-deh-lee tee kee-tee-che] before the title character's arrival, and after meeting Hauk-Sendorf, the title character calls him "Maxi" and tells him in Spanish that Eugenia is n The Makropulos Affair (or The Makropulos Case or The Makropulos Secret) or Vec Makropulos
In the third act, after learning of Janek's suicide, the title character sings "Buenas Dias, Maxi!" but the handwriting analysis of the lawyer Kolenaty leads to the discovery that Elena Marty is the same person as Ellian MacGregor The Makropulos Affair (or The Makropulos Case or The Makropulos Secret) or Vec Makropulos
The title character sings "Pater hemon," and dies after rejecting a magic immortality potion first used on her by her father Hieronymus 300 years ago in, FTP, what 1928 opera based on a Karel Capek play and composed by Leos Janacek? The Makropulos Affair (or The Makropulos Case or The Makropulos Secret) or Vec Makropulos
The sixth was written for flute and bassoon, while the ninth of these opens with a movement marked "vagaroso e mistico." The second was adapted from pieces originally written for piano and cello and features movements such as "Woodland Memory" and "Song Bachianas Brasileiras
Each movement in the set is given two titles, one classical and one in the composer's native language Bachianas Brasileiras
FTP identify this collection of nine nationalistic pieces written by Heitor Villa-Lobos [vee-yuh YO-bozh]. Bachianas Brasileiras
His early compositions such as Die Liebe für den König oder Karl Stuart and Nicht mehr als sechs Schüsseln were written while at the abbey of Kremsmunster under the direction of Georg Pasterwitz Franz Xaver Sussmayr
Although he attained a degree of success after the opera Moses oder der Auszug aus Agypten, the theatre director needed convincing to stage his final opera, "List und Zufall." Paganini's reputation as a virtuoso was established when he wrote and performe Franz Xaver Sussmayr
Erich Duda catalogued this composer's work, including two German Requiems and the opera Der Spiegel von Arkadien, with a libretto written by Schikaneder Franz Xaver Sussmayr
FTP identify this composer who completed a horn concerto and Requiem by Mozart. Franz Xaver Sussmayr
After Oscar Pettiford broke his arm playing baseball, this man stepped into a lineup that included Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell and Max Roach to play in a stellar live show at Massey Hall Charles Mingus
He was the first musician to use overdubbing on a jazz album in his recording of a six-part suite originally intended to be a ballet Charles Mingus
That album, Black Saint and Sinner Lady, was one of many to feature Dannie Richmond, a longtime collaborator who first appeared on The Clown Charles Mingus
He eulogized the Attica Prison Riots in Changes One, and composed a piece about school integration in Arkansas, "Fables of Faubus." That track appeared on an album along with "Self-Portrait in Three Colors" and "Better Git in Your Soul," though the best k Charles Mingus
FTP, name this jazz bassist who died of ALS, best known for Ah Um and Pithecanthropus Erectus. Charles Mingus
Such pieces as "Tribute to Roberto Garcia Morillo" and "In the First Pentatonic Minor Mode" constitute the 12 "American" ones by Alberto Ginastera preludes (accept American Preludes prior to the word "American")
25 of them constitute the Opus 64 of César Cui, while 13 of them comprise the Opus 32 of Sergei Rachmaninov preludes (accept American Preludes prior to the word "American")
Others include "The Canopic Jar," "Dancers of Delphi," and "The Sunken Cathedral," which appear in the two books of them written by Claude Debussy preludes (accept American Preludes prior to the word "American")
A more famous group of them ends in D minor after beginning in C major, and includes one known as the "Raindrop." FTP, name this type of composition that constitutes the Opus 28 of Chopin, and which is paired with fugues in The Well-Tempered Clavier. preludes (accept American Preludes prior to the word "American")
A number of the sonatas in Philipp Buchner's Plectrum Musicum feature one of these instruments rather than a cello, as do several of the trio sonatas of Giovanni Legrenzi the bassoon
Johann Christian Bach and Johann Nepomuk Hummel both wrote concerti for this instrument, which also features in 37 concerti by Antonio Vivaldi the bassoon
The Andante and Rondo Ungarese in C minor by Carl Maria von Weber is for this instrument and orchestra, and Weber also wrote an F major concerto for this instrument the bassoon
It developed from an instrument known as the dulcian, and modern ones employ either the Buffet or Heckel system the bassoon
Also featured in a B flat concerto by Mozart, FTP, name this woodwind instrument which uses a double reed, like the oboe. the bassoon
He wrote three symphonies, the third of which is scored for 15 solo trumpets, orchestra, and organ Aram Khachaturian
His Violin Concerto was transcribed for flute by Jean-Pierre Rampal, while his other orchestral works include the Solemn Overture and the Concerto-Rhapsody for violin and orchestra Aram Khachaturian
His 1966 Jazz Composition was written for Benny Goodman, but he is better known for stage works like the ballets Happiness and Spartacus Aram Khachaturian
FTP, name this composer of the ballet Gayane, which features his famous "Sabre Dance." Aram Khachaturian
It was the forerunner to a similar painting that inspired its artist to compose the poem "Before the Mirror." That work, unlike this one, depicted a younger version of its subject with her hair pulled back Symphony in White Number 1 (accept The White Girl)
In this work, on the other hand, the curly hair falls about her ruffled shoulders and a heavy curtain provides the background Symphony in White Number 1 (accept The White Girl)
The artist instructed the model, his Irish mistress Joanna Hiffernan, to hang her arms listlessly by her side; she also holds a lily in her left hand, which contrasts with the crushed, dark flowers that lie in front of her on the wolf skin rug Symphony in White Number 1 (accept The White Girl)
Thought to be a depiction of a victim of mesmerism or a bride after her wedding night, FTP, identify this portrait of a young woman dressed in the titular color which dominates this work by Whistler. Symphony in White Number 1 (accept The White Girl)
The composition that gives this group its name is a D major work which ends with a finale marked "Spirituoso." Another is a work in B flat major which ends with a presto rondo and has a name referring to a story about a chandelier which fell during a per the London symphonies of Joseph Haydn (accept the Salomon symphonies)
One of them is notable for its unusual percussion instruments, including a Turkish crescent, while another is a D major work notable for the distinctive rhythm of its Andante second movement the London symphonies of Joseph Haydn (accept the Salomon symphonies)
Another features an unusual chord at the beginning of its Andante second movement before returning to the quiet of the first movement the London symphonies of Joseph Haydn (accept the Salomon symphonies)
Including works known as the "Miracle," "Military," and "Surprise," FTP, name this group of twelve orchestral compositions written in the 1790s by Joseph Hayden in a European capital city. the London symphonies of Joseph Haydn (accept the Salomon symphonies)
One work with this name is actually an oratorio which features such songs as "Shine Out," "Out On the Lawn I Lie in Bed," and "London, to Thee I Do Present." Another work known by this name was inspired by a poem by Adolph Böttger, and each movement orig Spring Symphony (do not accept Schumann's First Symphony, since that is clearly not the title of the Britten work referred to in the first sentence)
After the composer put aside a G minor work in the same genre, he wrote this piece in less than two months at the beginning of 1841 Spring Symphony (do not accept Schumann's First Symphony, since that is clearly not the title of the Britten work referred to in the first sentence)
This B flat major work was the first of four in this genre written by its composer Spring Symphony (do not accept Schumann's First Symphony, since that is clearly not the title of the Britten work referred to in the first sentence)
FTP, identify the shared name of a work by Benjamin Britten and the first symphony by Robert Schumann. Spring Symphony (do not accept Schumann's First Symphony, since that is clearly not the title of the Britten work referred to in the first sentence)
The first act features a canon sung by four characters, "How wondrous the emotion," after which the tone becomes more earthy with the aria which opines that life is nothing without money Fidelio
The second act features the duet "Joy inexpressible," after which a minister of state recognizes a man whom he thought was dead Fidelio
It is based on a play by Jean Bouilly, and earlier musical versions of it had been written by Pierre Gaveaux and Donizetti's teacher, Simone Mayr Fidelio
It opens with a duet between Jacquino and Marcellina, and also features Rocco, Don Fernando, and Pizarro, who is the governor of the prison where it takes place Fidelio
FTP, name this work which premiered in 1806, an opera about a Spanish noble named Florestan and his wife Leonora which was written by Ludwig van Beethoven. Fidelio
During the same summer that the composer of this work was writing it, he was inspired by the death of the painter Feuerbach to write a piece in the same genre which consists of three movements in D minor Academic Festival Overture (or Akademische Festouvertüre)
This work's second and fourth movements are C major maestosos, while it begins with a C minor allegro and also features an E minor animato movement Academic Festival Overture (or Akademische Festouvertüre)
The composer's Opus 80, it was written after Bernard Scholz informed him that he would have to write a piece of this nature, and it draws upon such works as the "Rakoczi March" and the song "Gaudemaus Igitur." FTP, name this orchestral work which was wri Academic Festival Overture (or Akademische Festouvertüre)
This composer was the first winner of the Mendelssohn Prize and in 1858 moved to Leipzig to become a conductor Arthur Sullivan
On his return to his native city, he wrote his "Irish" Symphony as well as an overture, In Memoriam, and an oratorio, The Prodigal Son Arthur Sullivan
In 1872 he wrote what is now probably his single best-known tune, which is set to lyrics which feature a line about "marching as to war." The previous year, he had been commissioned to write a work whose score is now lost, called Thespis, or The Gods Grow Arthur Sullivan
FTP, name this composer of the hymn "Onward, Christian Soldiers," as well as The Yeomen of the Guard, The Gondoliers, Iolanthe and H.M.S Arthur Sullivan
Pinafore, all in collaboration with W.S Arthur Sullivan
Gilbert. Arthur Sullivan
The figure of Music appears in the prologue to introduce the work Orfeo
At the beginning of Act 5, the main character takes comfort from Echo in the fields of Thrace after Sylvia brings bad news Orfeo
The "possente spirto" aria is an attempt to sway the will of Charon, and Apollo comes down from heaven at the end of Act 5 to take the title character away so that he can look upon his deceased forever in the stars Orfeo
It has a libretto by Alessandro Striggio based on Ovid's Metamorphoses and Virgil's Georgics Orfeo
FTP, name this 1607 pioneering opera about the love of the titular musician for Eurydice, a work by Monteverdi. Orfeo
The composer's original score called for a five minute pause before the performance of the landler in A Flat major that constitutes its andante moderato second movement Resurrection Symphony (accept Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 2 in C Minor)
Its third movement consists of a scherzo with a tempo direction that asks for "quietly flowing motion," and returns this symphony to its key of three flats Resurrection Symphony (accept Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 2 in C Minor)
In the fourth movement, an alto singer is introduced to imitate the singing of a child for the spiritual song, "Urlicht," which along with "St Resurrection Symphony (accept Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 2 in C Minor)
Anthony of Padua's Sermon to the Fishes" comprises the selection of Wunderhorn songs adapted for this symphony, whose completion was inspired by the funeral of Hans von Bulow Resurrection Symphony (accept Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 2 in C Minor)
FTP, name this Friedrich Klopstock-influenced symphony of Gustav Mahler, nicknamed for its theme of revival after death. Resurrection Symphony (accept Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 2 in C Minor)
Two pianos and six percussionists are featured in one section of its third part, which opens with a chorus of boys who sing that Cupid is flying everywhere Carmina Burana (prompt on "Songs of Bur" if anyone happens to say it)
The following section of this work features three glockenspiels and is known as "Blanziflor and Helena." Earlier sections include "On the Lawn," which features the German "Reie" dance, and "In Springtime." Originally staged in 1937 by the Frankfurt Oper Carmina Burana (prompt on "Songs of Bur" if anyone happens to say it)
One work named for this man was composed for the marriage of his daughter to Franz Xaver Spath, and is the longest of its composer's serenades Haffner symphony or Sigmund Haffner (accept the Haffner Serenade before the second sentence)
A better-known work of this name begins with an allegro con spirito movement, and the composer noted that the direction sciolto in its first movement called for "a clear and aggressive separation of the bowstrokes." Written in D major, it features a menu Haffner symphony or Sigmund Haffner (accept the Haffner Serenade before the second sentence)
FTP, name this 35th symphony of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart which was originally composed to honor the ennoblement of the namesake citizen of Salzburg. Haffner symphony or Sigmund Haffner (accept the Haffner Serenade before the second sentence)
The work begins with three different versions of a story, followed by a character singing the aria "Give these orders." A partner of that character ends Act I by singing "Those birds flying," an aria that contrasts with the earlier "I have often reflected The Death of Klinghoffer
Roger Norrington founded an amateur choir with this composer as its namesake Heinrich Schütz
His works include The History of the Birth of Jesus Christ, which is notable since it sets the Nativity story in his homeland and features the words of the Evangelist being sung in recitative, rather than chant Heinrich Schütz
His use of resplendent polychoral and concertato styles is similar to that of his teacher, Giovanni Gabrieli, with whom he studied while in Italy, and Einstein declared him "the most spiritual musician the world has ever seen." Sacred music by this compos Heinrich Schütz
FTP, name this composer of the first German opera, Dafne. Heinrich Schütz
The second movement ends with an emphatic organ part, while a "wordless" female chorus and a wind machine also make appearances Sinfonia Antartica (accept Vaughan Williams's Seventh Symphony or equivalents before "seventh" is read)
Excerpts from Coleridge's "Hymn Before Sunrise in the Vale of Chamouni," Psalm 104, and Shelley's Prometheus Unbound are spoken before each movement of this work, to which Peter Maxwell Davies wrote a sequel in 2001 Sinfonia Antartica (accept Vaughan Williams's Seventh Symphony or equivalents before "seventh" is read)
The homesickness of the person who inspired much of this work is represented by a quote from The Lark Ascending, and the line "I do not regret the journey" from that person's recovered diary concludes the piece Sinfonia Antartica (accept Vaughan Williams's Seventh Symphony or equivalents before "seventh" is read)
FTP, the score to a film about Robert Scott was reworked into what 7th symphony of Ralph Vaughan Williams? Sinfonia Antartica (accept Vaughan Williams's Seventh Symphony or equivalents before "seventh" is read)
The third of nine of them written in 1992 by modernist Belgian composer Boudewijn Buckinx is only 40 seconds long "Unfinished" symphonies [accept Unvollendete]
Tchaikovsky's was reworked into his third piano concerto and features a notable Allegro brillante, while Mahler composed one with an Allegro moderato known as Purgatorio that was worked into a "performing version" by musicologist Derek Cooke "Unfinished" symphonies [accept Unvollendete]
The most famous one features two movements, an Allegro moderato in B minor and an Andante con moto in E major, and concludes with a B minor scherzo fragment "Unfinished" symphonies [accept Unvollendete]
FTP, give this shared name of these symphonies, the most notable of which is Schubert's eighth, which has inspired several reconstructed endings. "Unfinished" symphonies [accept Unvollendete]
In this opera, "Tu che di gel sei cinta" and "Signore, ascolta!" are two arias sung by one female character; the male lead responds to the latter by urging "Non piangere." The other female lead's major aria, which recalls the abduction of her ancestress, Turandot
FTP, identify this Puccini opera named after a Chinese princess. Turandot
The second movement of his Fourth Symphony features a solo violin whose strings are tuned A-E-B-F, and the last movement features a solo soprano singing about the heavenly life Gustav Mahler
The second and fourth movements of his Seventh Symphony are labeled "Nachtmusik" and his Fifth Symphony contains his famous "Adagietto" as well as a C-sharp minor funeral march for an opening movement Gustav Mahler
Another symphony sets both the Latin hymn Veni, Creator Spiritus and the last scene from Goethe's Faust Gustav Mahler
FTP, identify this composer of the "Symphony of a Thousand" as well as symphonies commonly called "Titan" and "Resurrection". Gustav Mahler
This composer's Dumky Trio and String Sextet are among his best chamber works, while larger-scale works include Symphonic Variations and a Serenade for Strings Antonin Dvorak
His choral works were very popular in England, especially his Te Deum and Stabat Mater, though his operatic success is limited today to Rusalka Antonin Dvorak
A close friend of Brahms, he blended native folk tunes into works like Moravian Duets and Slavonic Dances, though his most famous works were written in New York and Iowa Antonin Dvorak
Also notable for his B minor Cello Concerto, FTP, name this Czech composer of the "American" quartet who was influenced by spirituals in writing his 9th symphony, "From the New World". Antonin Dvorak
Among his sacred works are three early settings of the Regina Coeli, as well as a work that features the soprano solo "Laudate Dominum," his Vesperae solennes de confessore Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Two soprano soloists duet in the "Domine" movement of another sacred piece that also features three prominent subito piani in its "Qui tollis" movement and the soprano solos "Laudamus te" and "Et incarnatus est." His most famous sacred work, in which the Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
FTP, identify this composer of the "Great" Mass in C minor, along with Don Giovanni and Eine Kleine Nachtmusik. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
A "Pezzo Elegiaco" and a massive set of variations are the two movements of his A minor piano trio, and he also wrote a set of Variations on a Rococo Theme for cello and orchestra Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
He wrote a symphonic poem based on the fifth canto from Dante's Inferno, Francesca da Rimini Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
The soloist enters with crashing D-flat major chords in his Piano Concerto No Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
1 in B-flat minor Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
His third symphony is sometimes known as the "Polish," and his last, whose second movement is a waltz-like piece in 5/4 time, is a B minor work usually referred to as the "Pathetique." FTP, identify this Russian composer also known for the 1812 Overture a Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
A chord consisting of all seven notes of the A-flat harmonic minor scale forms the ostinato at the beginning of this work's second movement The Rite of Spring [or Le sacre du printemps or Vesna svyashchennaya]
Two tetrachords related by tritone in the fifth movement and four superimposed dominant-seventh chords in the third are two ways in which the composer creates octatonic harmonies and this work opens with a solo bassoon one octave above middle C The Rite of Spring [or Le sacre du printemps or Vesna svyashchennaya]
Featuring sections such as "Ritual of the Rival Tribes," it is divided into two large parts entitled "The Adoration of the Earth" and "The Sacrifice" The Rite of Spring [or Le sacre du printemps or Vesna svyashchennaya]
FTP, identify this ballet originally choreographed by Nijinsky and composed by Stravinsky, which caused riots at its 1913 premiere. The Rite of Spring [or Le sacre du printemps or Vesna svyashchennaya]
This man's early operatic career was largely supported by the theater manager J.J George Frideric Handel
Heidegger, who gave way to John Rich after the close of his opera Oreste George Frideric Handel
Forest Music is among the sonatas by H George Frideric Handel
Casadesus incorrectly ascribed to this man, whose operas include one based on Torquato Tasso's Jerusalem Delivered, Rinaldo, and others about classical figures like Agrippina, Tamerlane, and Artaxerxes George Frideric Handel
The aria "See, the conqu'ring hero comes" comes from his Judas Maccabeus, though better-known is an orchestral work featuring the aria "Hornpipe." FTP name this composer, best-known for his Water Music and the "Hallelujah Chorus" of his oratorio Messiah. George Frideric Handel
The one by John Adams contains movements entitled "Manny's Gym" and "Hail Bop," and is known as Century Rolls piano concertos
The second by Johannes Brahms, in B-flat major, contains a cello solo at the beginning of the third movement piano concertos
One by Maurice Ravel opens with a whip crack and is "in G." "Jeunehomme" is a nickname commonly given to the ninth by Mozart, who wrote a total of 27, including the "Coronation" and the "Elvira Madigan." The fifth and last by Beethoven is an E-flat major piano concertos
The first movement of Britten's Piano Concerto is one of these, and another follows a "Pastorale" and a "Hymne" in Poulenc's Three Pieces for Piano toccata
Another movement in this genre, which begins with sixteen rapidly-repeated E's, is the last movement in the original piano version of Ravel's Le Tombeau de Couperin toccata
Another of these for solo piano begins with repeated D's and is Prokofiev's opus 11 toccata
The most famous of these features the unfolding of a C-sharp diminished-seventh chord over a pedal D and opens with a lower mordent on A toccata
FTP, identify this type of composition whose most famous example is the one "and Fugue" in D minor by Johann Sebastian Bach. toccata
The E major tempo d'attacco of this opera's Act III duet is followed by a cantabile in A-flat major and the C major cabaletta "Gran Dio! morir si giovane," and that cantabile is called "Parigi, o cara." A melody first heard in an Act I duet on the words " La Traviata
The rise of nationalism in this country can be seen in operas like The Dog Heads and The Devil and Kate The Czech Republic [or Czechoslovakia or Cesko or Ceska Republica]
The string quartet Intimate Letters was written for a quartet named for this country, which included the composer Josef Suk The Czech Republic [or Czechoslovakia or Cesko or Ceska Republica]
The Israeli national anthem shares its melody with a symphonic poem about a river that runs through the capital of this country The Czech Republic [or Czechoslovakia or Cesko or Ceska Republica]
A well-known opera set in this country features Kostelnicka drowning the titular girl's baby in a river, while the "dance of the comedians" appears in an opera from this country about Jenik's desire to marry the otherwise engaged Marenka, The Bartered Bri The Czech Republic [or Czechoslovakia or Cesko or Ceska Republica]
FTP name this Central European nation, the home of Leon Janacek and Bedrich Smetana. The Czech Republic [or Czechoslovakia or Cesko or Ceska Republica]
A testo narrates a work by this composer that features a Christian knight who kills a Saracen maiden, The Fight Between Tancredi and Clorinda Claudio Monteverdi
A piece sometimes known as "Lasciatemi morire" and later arranged by the composer for five voices is the only extant part of his opera Arianna Claudio Monteverdi
The text of his first opera was provided by Alessandro Striggio, and it begins with a recitation by La Musica of her powers Claudio Monteverdi
Another opera by this composer features Ottone, who dresses in female clothes in an attempt to kill the title character, who is having an affair with Nero Claudio Monteverdi
FTP, name this Italian composer of the early operas The Coronation of Poppaea and Orfeo. Claudio Monteverdi
His orchestral works include Two Elegiac Melodies for Strings and the overture In Autumn, and one of this composer's major song cycles is entitled Haugtussa Edvard Grieg
The third of his best-known group of piano pieces is a "Watchman's Song" inspired by Macbeth, and Wedding Day at Troldhaugen is another one of those 66 Lyric Pieces Edvard Grieg
Also known for a piece that includes such movements as "The Abduction of the Bridge", Ingrid's Lament", "Anitra's Dance", and "Morning Mood" Edvard Grieg
FTP, identify this Norwegian composer of incidental music to Peer Gynt, including the famous "In the Hall of the Mountain King". Edvard Grieg
Act IV of this opera opens with the cavatina "L'ho perduta," expressing distress over a lost pin, which causes the title character to become suspicious and sing the recitative and aria "Tutto e disposto...Aprite un po' quegl'occhi." A more famous aria sun Le nozze di Figaro [or The Marriage of Figaro]
FTP, identify this Mozart opera based on a play by Beaumarchais, whose title character was formerly the barber of Seville. Le nozze di Figaro [or The Marriage of Figaro]
A slow fugue whose subject uses all twelve notes of the chromatic scale makes up the "Of Science" section of this piece, and other section titles include "Of the Backworldsmen" and "The Convalescent." A solo violin features prominently in the section "The Also sprach Zarathustra (or Thus Spake Zarathustra)
However, the most famous part is the opening, in which four trumpets, playing the rising figure C-G-C, are answered with massive orchestral chords and timpani beats Also sprach Zarathustra (or Thus Spake Zarathustra)
FTP, identify this tone poem by Richard Strauss inspired by a book by Nietzsche and used at the beginning of 2001: A Space Odyssey, Also sprach Zarathustra (or Thus Spake Zarathustra)
Sets of variations by this composer include one on a theme from Ferdinand Hérold's opera Ludovic, as well as one for piano and orchestra on "La ci darem la mano" from Mozart's Don Giovanni Frederic Chopin
His more famous solo piano compositions include the Allegro de Concert, the Andante Spianato, and a Berceuse in D-flat major Frederic Chopin
Another group of piano compositions by him includes a G-sharp minor piece in which the right hand plays almost entirely in parallel thirds, as well as pieces commonly titled "Aeolian Harp," "Tristesse," "Winter Wind," and "Revolutionary." FTP, identify th Frederic Chopin
Among his works for solo organ are Three Rhapsodies on Breton Melodies, and he wrote two cello concertos, Op Camille Saint-Saens
33 in A minor and Op Camille Saint-Saens
119 in D minor Camille Saint-Saens
His symphonic poems include La jeunesse d'Hercule and Le rouet d'Omphale Camille Saint-Saens
His most famous opera features the aria "Mon coeur s'ouvre à ta voix" and a famous bacchanal Camille Saint-Saens
Another of his works contains a movement which quotes Rossini's "Una voce poco fa," Fossils, as well as ones entitled Aquarium, Pianists, and The Swan Camille Saint-Saens
FTP, identify this French composer of Samson and Delilah, the Organ Symphony, and The Carnival of the Animals. Camille Saint-Saens
His opus 113 is a collection of four pieces for viola and piano entitled Märchenbilder Robert Schumann
More famous is a song cycle in which the singer's final word falls on a half-diminished ii6/5 [two six five] chord, giving way to an extended piano postlude in the parallel major of the main key of the final song, "Die alten, bösen Lieder." "Ich grolle ni Robert Schumann
This composer also wrote a piano piece whose first movement alludes to Beethoven's An die ferne Geliebte and a collection whose most famous piece is "Träumerei." FTP, identify this composer who, in addition to Fantasy in C and Scenes from Childhood, wrote Robert Schumann
A late song cycle of his, which includes a setting of an excerpt from Joyce's Ulysses entitled "Solitary Hotel" and three settings of Robert Graves, is entitled Despite and Still Samuel Barber
The poetry collection Permit Me Voyage provides the text for another song, "Sure on This Shining Night." A composition for soprano and orchestra sets excerpts from a prose work written by the same author, James Agee, and is entitled Knoxville: Summer of 1 Samuel Barber
He is more famous for his The School for Scandal overture and an orchestral arrangement of a movement of his first string quartet, which he also arranged as a choral setting of the Agnus Dei Samuel Barber
FTP, identify this composer of Adagio for Strings. Samuel Barber
In one section of this work, one part of the orchestra plays a march in 4/4 while the rest of the orchestra plays a quick waltz in triple time Three Places in New England
Earlier in this work, the flute and oboe are used to represent the Goddess Liberty, which a child sees after wandering away from Fourth of July celebrations; that section borrows themes from its composer's earlier "Country Band March." This work's first s Three Places in New England
"The Housatonic at Stockbridge" and "Putnam's Camp" are the last two sections of, FTP, what work by Charles Ives whose sections represent the title locales? Three Places in New England
His works for piano duet include the Scenes from a Ball of his Opus 109 and the Pictures from the East Robert Schumann
His lesser-known works for solo piano include the Songs of the Morning, the Multicolored Pages, and a set of etudes "in the form of free variations" on the Allegretto from Beethoven's Seventh Symphony Robert Schumann
Better known are his third piano sonata, an F minor work which he called a "concerto without orchestra," and his Opus 13, the Symphonic Etudes Robert Schumann
His Opus 9 was a follow-up to his Papillons and ends with a march in which David puts the Philistines to flight Robert Schumann
FTP, name this composer of Carnaval and Kriesleriana who also wrote the Spring Symphony. Robert Schumann
One of these by Charles Ives features a section inspired by Hawthorne's "The Celestial Railroad." One of these by Honegger features songs from the city of Basel, while the finale of Tchaikovsky's includes the folk melody "In the fields there stands a birc Symphony No. 4 or Fourth Symphony (prompt on "Symphony" before the words "number shared by")
Two sets of timpani at opposite ends of the orchestra feature in the finale of Nielsen's, given the moniker "Inextinguishable." FTP, identify the number shared by these symphonies, others of which include Bruckner's Romantic, Mendelssohn's Italian, and th Symphony No. 4 or Fourth Symphony (prompt on "Symphony" before the words "number shared by")
His scant output for piano includes two nocturnes entitled Separation and Regret, both of which owe a debt to his early teacher, the Irish composer John Field Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
A trip to Spain inspired him to write two overtures, the Capriccio brillante on the Jota aragonesa and Summer Night in Madrid Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
Two folk songs from his native land inspired another late work, Kamarinskaya Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
In another of his works, Vanya and Antonida mourn the death of Ivan Susanin, just as a group of people are celebrating the triumph of the new ruler Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
FTP, name this composer whose works include Ruslan and Ludmila and A Life for the Tsar. Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
This man's Opus 16, a set of three "fantasies or caprices" for piano, was written after a visit to Coed-du in Wales Felix Mendelssohn
His Etude in F minor was written for a pedagogical work by his teacher, Ignaz Moscheles, while his three piano sonatas include a work in G minor he composed at the age of 12 and a work in E which was the only one published in his life, after being written Felix Mendelssohn
His other keyboard works include the six Christmas Pieces, the youthful Andante and Rondo Capriccioso, and the Variations Sérieuses, as well as a collection of pieces in eight books which includes several "Venetian Boat Songs." FTP, name this composer of Felix Mendelssohn
For its 100th anniversary in 1942, the Vienna Philharmonic commissioned Alfredo Casella to write an orchestral suite inspired by the work of this composer Niccolo Paganini
Franz Lehar wrote an operetta about this man, while Eugène Ysaye wrote a set of variations for violin and piano inspired by his work Niccolo Paganini
More famously, Franz Liszt wrote a set of six "grandes études" for piano which were arrangements of his work, including a version of this man's "La Campanella" from his second violin concerto Niccolo Paganini
This man wrote the Moto Perpetuo for violin and orchestra, but is better known for a work which inspired compositions by Brahms and Rachmaninov Niccolo Paganini
FTP, name this Italian composer and virtuoso violinist who wrote 24 Caprices. Niccolo Paganini
The final movement of the fourth of them opens with a descending scale before the folk-song "The Birch Tree" is quoted, while the piece ends in the key of F major the symphonies of Peter Ilitch Tchaikovsky (accept equivalents)
The popular fifth begins with a theme introduced by the clarinets, while the third movement is a waltz, unusual for this kind of composition the symphonies of Peter Ilitch Tchaikovsky (accept equivalents)
The last of them is a B minor work which premiered less than a month before the composer's death the symphonies of Peter Ilitch Tchaikovsky (accept equivalents)
The first three have nicknames, such as "Winter Daydreams" and "Polish." FTP, name this group of six orchestral works by a Russian composer, the last of which is known as the "Pathétique." the symphonies of Peter Ilitch Tchaikovsky (accept equivalents)
Michael Haydn's requiem Pro defuncto Archiepiscopo Sigismundo was written in this key C minor (do not prompt on "C")
It is the key of the first piano sonata of Karol Szymanowski and of the fourth piano sonata by Prokofiev C minor (do not prompt on "C")
It is also the key of the first symphony by Brahms, as well as his Academic Festival Overture, while Mozart used it both for a Fantasia for solo piano and for an incomplete "Great" Mass C minor (do not prompt on "C")
It was used for the Coriolan Overture, the Piano Sonata number 32, the Fifth Symphony, and the Piano Sonata number 8, or "Pathétique," by Beethoven C minor (do not prompt on "C")
FTP, identify this key which has three flats, the relative minor of E-flat major. C minor (do not prompt on "C")
The fifth of them is a D major work whose second Affetuoso movement centers on the flute, violin, and harpsichord soloists the Brandenburg Concertos
The third of them has a pair of chords known as a Phrygian cadence rather than a slow movement, while the fourth of them calls for two "echo flutes," which may be a reference to the sopranino recorder the Brandenburg Concertos
The last is a B flat major work which oddly has no parts for violin, while the first is an F major work which features an extra fourth movement the Brandenburg Concertos
They are written in the Italian style, alternating fast, slow, and fast movements, and were composed around the year 1720 the Brandenburg Concertos
FTP, name this group of six concertos written by Johann Sebastian Bach for a German margrave. the Brandenburg Concertos
Among the unusual scenes from this opera is in the third act, during which a depiction of frivolities on a frozen lake calls for singers to perform on roller-skates, although more serious are the performance of the "Triumphal Hymn" and the bitter "O Prie The Prophet (or Le Prophète)
Eugene Scribe made alterations in the life of the historical figure on which it is based, changing him from a tailor's apprentice to an innkeeper, while conveniently omitting his sixteen wives and relocating all of his love towards the female lead Berthe The Prophet (or Le Prophète)
The title character dies in a violent explosion rather than from the brutal torture that befell the historical leader of the Anabaptists on whose life this work is based The Prophet (or Le Prophète)
FTP, name this work dramatizing the life of John of Leyden, a grand opera by Giacomo Meyerbeer. The Prophet (or Le Prophète)
His fourth symphony, which is known as "Adagio," was written to commemorate the bicentennial of the French Revolution, while his seventh was written to commemorate the 3,000th year of a certain city Krzysztof Penderecki
In addition to Seven Gates of Jerusalem, he has written a piano concerto known as Resurrection, but he is better known for vocal works such as Dimensions of Time and Silence and his 1967 St Krzysztof Penderecki
Luke's Passion Krzysztof Penderecki
He also wrote a work scored for 52 string instruments which took third prize at Katowice's Composer's Competition in 1960 Krzysztof Penderecki
FTP, name this composer of Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima and the Polish Requiem. Krzysztof Penderecki
This thinker invented a constructed language called the Lingua Ignota, and wrote a morality play about the victory of the Virtues over Satan, Ordo Virtutum Hildegard von Bingen
This opponent of the Cathar Heresy described a man superimposed on the world who turns on the points of the compass in the six-part Liber Vitae Meritorum, and depicted the Catholic Church as "Ecclesia," a powerful woman, in Scivias, a book of divine visio Hildegard von Bingen
Taught by Jutta and Volmar, she was one of the first people to undergo the canonization process, but was not officially recognized as a saint until the 16th century, almost five hundred years after her death in 1179 Hildegard von Bingen
FTP, name this German composer and mystic. Hildegard von Bingen
His inappropriate sense of humor was evidenced in a letter he sent to the pianist Harriet Cohen which was adorned with a swastika William Walton
The etchings of Thomas Rowlandson inspired his overture Portsmouth Point, while the end of his career saw such works as Capriccio burlesco and a Duettino for flute and oboe William Walton
One of his early works is based on the text "Drop, Drop Slow Tears" by Phineas Fletcher William Walton
That work, A Litany, was written when he was a choirboy at Chirstchurch, though this composer's most famous work contains a parody of Elgar's Pomp and Circumstance to represent the court of a Babylonian king William Walton
FTP, name this British composer of the operas The Bear and Troilus and Cressida , best known for his 1931 cantata Belshazzar's Feast. William Walton
His Four Studies in Rhythm include two pieces entitled "Island of Fire," and also contains a piece sometimes considered the first work of total serialism, Mode de valeurs et d'intensités Olivier Messiaen
His keyboard works include the Livre du Saint-Sacrament for solo organ, as well as a piece that contains such movements as Premiere communion de la Vierge Olivier Messiaen
That work is a suite written for his wife Yvonne Loriod entitled Vingt regards sur l'enfant Jésus Olivier Messiaen
He is best known for a work in eight movements which begins with the "Liturgy of Crystal" and was composed while he was a prisoner of the Nazis in World War II Olivier Messiaen
FTP, name this 20th-century French composer of the Quartet for the End of Time. Olivier Messiaen
In the B minor brindisi in the first act, one character attempts to repeat the first theme in F-sharp minor to the words "del calice," but he is too drunk to remember them Otello
Not long after that chorus, "Inaffia l'ugola," comes a love duet entitled "Gia nella notte densa," which concludes with the so-called bacio theme, which reappears twice in the opera's fourth and final act Otello
The title character sings "Dio! Mi potevi scagliar," but a more famous aria is that sung by the main antagonist, "Credo in un Dio crudel." More famous is a pair of back-to-back arias for the lead soprano, the second an "Ave Maria" and the first usually re Otello
In one of his operas, a woman says goodbye to her family and promises to "die of love and happiness" in the aria "Non vi turbate, no." In another of this man's operas, a group of women pretend to be the Furies in order to scare Lucas away from marrying Co Christoph Willibald, Ritter von Gluck
In addition to The Drunkard Reformed, he wrote an opera which opens with the "Dance of the Blessed Spirits." With Raniere de Calzabigi, he wrote a manifesto on the "reform opera," and the pair put their principles into action with Il Trionfo di Clelia, Ar Christoph Willibald, Ritter von Gluck
FTP, name this German composer of Alceste and Orfeo ed Euridice. Christoph Willibald, Ritter von Gluck
Act Three of this opera features the recitative "Sventurata," in which a servant mourns the blood shed in his city Idomeneo, re di Creta
In the aria "Zeffiretti lusinghieri," one character hopes that the wind will carry her songs of love, while another character claims that Alecto's torch brings her death in the aria "D'Oreste, d'Aiace." The servant Arbace creates trouble by suggesting one Idomeneo, re di Creta
Meanwhile, the recently-exiled daughter of Priam, Ilia, competes with the unstable Electra for the affections of the title character's son, while the title character incurs the wrath of Neptune for his refusal to sacrifice Idamante Idomeneo, re di Creta
FTP, name this opera by Mozart named for a king of Crete. Idomeneo, re di Creta
This man wrote four piano concertos, two of which are subtitled "Youth" and "Prague." Other works include his "Requiem" Symphony, as well as the operas In the Magic Forest and Into the Fire Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky
He also created incidental music to Romeo and Juliet, while a "Little Lyrical Scene" appears in his suite The Comedians Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky
One of his operas concerns the Nazi invasion of Moscow, while in another the title character sculpts a Duke mounted on a donkey Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky
He composed 24 preludes based on songs by Rimsky-Korsakov, and also edited the Sovietskaya Muzika, winning two Stalin Prizes for his work Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky
FTP, name this Soviet composer and proponent of socialist realism, best known for his operas The Taras Family and Colas Breugnon. Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky
He succeeded his teacher Robin Mallapert in an important position after a religious figure from his hometown, Cardinal Giovanni Maria del Monte, became pope Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Along with Annibale Zoilo, this man was commissioned to correct the chant books issued by the Council of Trent, which his son Iginio had completed after his death Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
He replaced Orlando de Lassus at St Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
John Lateran, and he served in the Pontifical Choir despite having a poor tenor voice until Pope Paul IV expelled its married members Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
FTP name this composer of 104 masses, including Missa Assumpta est Maria and Missa papae Marcelli, whose works became textbook examples of Renaissance counterpoint. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
This composer ventured into comic opera with Le Filibustier, based on a Jean Richepin play, which premiered under the title By the Sea César Antonovich Cui
His first numbered opus, which was dedicated to his wife Malvina Bamberg, was a piano duet based on letters in her name, while his opus 50, "Kaleidoscope," features the "Orientale." He wrote several works on military fortifications, but he is better known César Antonovich Cui
FTP, name this Russian composer regarded as the most minor member of The Five. César Antonovich Cui
The first of them is an F minor work which ends with a Prestissimo movement characterized by incessant triplets the piano sonatas of Ludwig van Beethoven (accept equivalents)
The easiest are often considered to be opus 49 numbers 1 and 2, the latter of which contains a theme also used in the composer's Septet the piano sonatas of Ludwig van Beethoven (accept equivalents)
The 18th has a scherzo instead of a slow movement, and is sometimes known as the "Hunt." The 26th begins with a movement entitled "Lebewohl," though the work is often known as "Les Adieux" as it was written to commemorate the departure of Archduke Rudolp the piano sonatas of Ludwig van Beethoven (accept equivalents)
The most famous may be the 14th, a work in C sharp minor which is known for its flowing triplets in the first movement and is subtitled "quasi una fantasia" the piano sonatas of Ludwig van Beethoven (accept equivalents)
FTP name this group of compositions which includes the "Hammerklavier," "Appassionata," and "Moonlight." the piano sonatas of Ludwig van Beethoven (accept equivalents)
In Act Two, the lead coloratura soprano exclaims "We'll teach these motherfuckers how to dance!" A highlight of this opera comes when that character identifies herself in a previous aria Nixon in China
With a libretto by Alice Goodman, its opening act includes comments about time spent in Hawaii which may have been taken directly from a news transcript Nixon in China
The title character introduces himself by exclaiming that "News has a kind of mystery." Featuring "The People Are The Heroes Now," "The Three Main Rules of Discipline and Eight Points of Attention" and the "Landing of the Spirit of '76," FTP, name this o Nixon in China
This man composed songs such as "Rime," "Your Small Black Eyes," and "The Bread of Ronda Has a Taste of Truth" for voice and piano Manuel de Falla
The few works from his middle period include the Stravinsky-inspired Concerto for Harpsichord and a puppet opera about "Master Peter." Ernesto Halffter completed this man's scenic cantata Atlantis after his death Manuel de Falla
Other orchestral works by him include the "Ritual Fire Dance" from one of his ballets, a series of Homages to people such as Claude Debussy and Paul Dukas, and a work whose first section depicts the Generalife Manuel de Falla
Sergei Diaghilev asked him to re-write The Magistrate and the Miller's Wife, leading to a stage work for which Pablo Picasso designed the costumes and sets Manuel de Falla
FTP, name this composer of El amor brujo and El sombrero de tres picos. Manuel de Falla
This work's "Udite, o rustici" is a notable patter song emphasizing the slippery nature of one of the major characters L'elisir d'amore, opera (accept The Elixir of Love)
The libretto for this work borrows heavily from the Scribe-written book for an Auber work on the same theme L'elisir d'amore, opera (accept The Elixir of Love)
The character addressed by "Signor sargente" torments one of the protagonists in the trio "Cantiamo, cantiam" after an aria in which that protagonist begs the other to believe him, which she eventually does, much to Belcore's chagrin L'elisir d'amore, opera (accept The Elixir of Love)
The plot is set in motion with the arrival of a character who describes in "Le feste nuziali" and "La donna e un animale" the use of his invention L'elisir d'amore, opera (accept The Elixir of Love)
Though Dulcamara has some good numbers, this opera's best-known piece is "Una furtiva lagrima" for Nemorino L'elisir d'amore, opera (accept The Elixir of Love)
FTP, name this work whose title concoction is nothing but a draught of Bordeaux wine; an opera by Gaetano Donizetti. L'elisir d'amore, opera (accept The Elixir of Love)
This opera's duet, "Deh pensa che domani" highlights the only contralto role, a peasant laborer named Pippo, in a scene that involves a cross being hidden in a chestnut tree The Thieving Magpie or La Gazza Ladra
Another aria, "A questo seno," is sang by Lucia, the wife of Fabrizio Vingradito, and appears near the dramatic scene showing the female protagonist's trial The Thieving Magpie or La Gazza Ladra
The most performed excerpts from this opera are the prayer song The Thieving Magpie or La Gazza Ladra
"Deh tu reggi in tal momento," and the overture, which begins with a series of snare drum rolls and contains lots of trills and a high pitched descending chromatic theme that imitate the sound of a chirping bird The Thieving Magpie or La Gazza Ladra
The protagonist, Ninetta, is almost executed over the disappearance of a silver spoon in, FTP, which Gioachino Rossini opera in which an act of larceny is instead perpetrated by the titular bird? The Thieving Magpie or La Gazza Ladra
The composer of this symphony initially marked its finale "Allegro Guerriero," or "fast and warlike," before changing it to "Allegro Vivacissimo." The pizzicato chord transitions that end both the first and second movements reflect the composer's desire Scottish Symphony [or Scotch Symphony; or Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 3; "Mendelssohn" not required after he is named]
Pizzicato also fills the background in the opening of its slow third movement, an A major Adagio Scottish Symphony [or Scotch Symphony; or Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 3; "Mendelssohn" not required after he is named]
Dedicated to Queen Victoria, this piece has its memorable second movement scherzo, "Vivace non Troppo," introduced by a bouncy clarinet melody that uses a "snap" rhythm associated with the titular culture Scottish Symphony [or Scotch Symphony; or Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 3; "Mendelssohn" not required after he is named]
Spawned from the same journey that led to the overture, "Fingal's Cave," this is, FTP, what symphony that was inspired by Felix Mendelssohn's visit to some ruins in Edinburgh? Scottish Symphony [or Scotch Symphony; or Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 3; "Mendelssohn" not required after he is named]
Piano works by this composer include "In the Mists," as well as a concertino for piano, horn, clarinet, and chamber strings, a series of short pieces like "Reminiscence" and "Malostransky Palace," and a sonata nicknamed 1.X.1905 Leos Janacek
A "Pilky" and a "Pozehnany" are two of the six Lachian Dances composed by this man, who drew his song cycle, The Diary of One Who Disappeared, from a poem by Josef Kalda Leos Janacek
The famous "Sokol Fanfare" opens the nationalistic Sinfonietta of this man, whose two string quartets are nicknamed Intimate Letters and the Kreutzer Sonata Leos Janacek
Remembered primarily as an operatic composer for works like Katia Kabanova, and an opera adapted from a play by Karel Capek, this is, FTP, which Czech composer of The Makropoulos Case, who also composed the music for Jenufa? Leos Janacek
This work's composer used the words "drunken fugue" to describe the bacchanal scene that forms the closing chorus of its third section The Seasons or Die Jahreszeiten (don't accept or prompt on "The Four Seasons")
One of the gloomier moments in this work is the cavatina "Light and Life," which appears near the start of its fourth section The Seasons or Die Jahreszeiten (don't accept or prompt on "The Four Seasons")
The composer quotes the "Quam olim Abrahae" from his friend Mozart's Requiem in the aria "Be Now Gracious" in this work modeled after a poem of the same name by James Thomson The Seasons or Die Jahreszeiten (don't accept or prompt on "The Four Seasons")
Hanne, Lucas, and Simon, a trio of peasant farmers, are the three solo vocal parts in this work, which also has an aria quoting a theme from the composer's Symphony No The Seasons or Die Jahreszeiten (don't accept or prompt on "The Four Seasons")
94, and was finished three years after his earlier work in the same style, The Creation The Seasons or Die Jahreszeiten (don't accept or prompt on "The Four Seasons")
FTP, identify this Franz Josef Haydn oratorio divided into the sections: Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. The Seasons or Die Jahreszeiten (don't accept or prompt on "The Four Seasons")
Before this opera's first act ends with the "Night Chorus," one of the antagonists expounds on the nature of freedom in "Those Birds Flying Above Us." The composer's efforts to emulate Bach's passion settings can be seen in such interspersed choruses as The Death of Klinghoffer
A song mentioning a child named Didi, sung by a Swiss grandmother, and the Captain's opening song, "It was just after 1:15," provide different narrative viewpoints in this minimalist opera, which features such characters as Rambo, Molqi, and the title cha The Death of Klinghoffer
FTP, identify this opera about the murder of a Jewish passenger on the hijacked Achille Lauro, composed by John Adams. The Death of Klinghoffer
Henri Merckel performed on the first complete recording of this piece, playing the Allegretto non Molto third movement Intermezzo that is often omitted Symphonie Espagnole or Spanish Symphony
The only slow movement of this D minor piece is its fourth movement Andante, with the second movement instead being an Allegro Molto scherzando based on the form of a seguidilla Symphonie Espagnole or Spanish Symphony
More successful than the composer's other major attempts at nationalistic music, the Russian Concerto and Norwegian Rhapsody, this piece begins with a first movement habanera that may have anticipated the release of Bizet's Carmen a month later, and was w Symphonie Espagnole or Spanish Symphony
FTP, identify this five movement piece that is a violin concerto and not actually a symphony, the master work of Eduard Lalo. Symphonie Espagnole or Spanish Symphony
After an early rehearsing of this piece, Ignaz Schuppanzigh allegedly told the composer to limit himself to songwriting Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und das Madchen or D810 or (Accept Schubert's String Quartet No. 14 until "the fourteenth")
A staccato-filled D major passage forms the trio of its third movement scherzo, marked "Allegro Molto," and a frenzied Prestissimo buildup closes out this piece's final movement, a Presto tarantella in 6/8 time Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und das Madchen or D810 or (Accept Schubert's String Quartet No. 14 until "the fourteenth")
Once orchestrated by Gustav Mahler, this piece uses a flurry of triplets in its opening Allegro movement, then switches from its primary key of D minor to G minor for its famous Andante con Moto second movement, a theme and variations based on an earlier Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und das Madchen or D810 or (Accept Schubert's String Quartet No. 14 until "the fourteenth")
The fourteenth such chamber work of its composer, preceded by the Rosamunde Quartet, this is, FTP, what Franz Schubert string quartet, whose music depicts a girl's encounter with the Grim Reaper? Death and the Maiden or Der Tod und das Madchen or D810 or (Accept Schubert's String Quartet No. 14 until "the fourteenth")
This work's third movement intermezzo features a section in six-eight time framed by clarinet solos in two-four Brahms's Symphony No. 1 in C Minor [or Brahms's First Symphony; prompt on partial answer; "Brahms" not required after his name is mentioned]
The first movement's introduction features three simultaneous motives above a throbbing rhythm in the percussion, and each movement is set a major third up from the previous movement Brahms's Symphony No. 1 in C Minor [or Brahms's First Symphony; prompt on partial answer; "Brahms" not required after his name is mentioned]
Alpine horns introduce C major in the fourth movement with a melody that the composer first scribbled on a birthday postcard to Clara Schumann Brahms's Symphony No. 1 in C Minor [or Brahms's First Symphony; prompt on partial answer; "Brahms" not required after his name is mentioned]
The composer responded "Any ass can see that!" when asked about the fourth movement chorale's resemblance to Beethoven's "Ode to Joy"; the similarity led Hans von Bulow to dub this work "the Tenth." FTP, identify this orchestral work in C minor composed Brahms's Symphony No. 1 in C Minor [or Brahms's First Symphony; prompt on partial answer; "Brahms" not required after his name is mentioned]
This man used portions of the Book of Genesis in his work Sarah Was Ninety Years Old Arvo Part
One of his works is based on St Arvo Part
Andrew of Crete's Canon of Repentance, and he composed Fur Lennart for the funeral of his country's former president Arvo Part
One of his works was dedicated to Gidon Kremer and consists of the movements "Ludus" and "Silentum," while a series of overlapping fifths formed the basis of his St Arvo Part
John Passion Arvo Part
He used only the pitches of the A minor scale in his Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten, and his Fratres for violin and piano was featured on the soundtrack for There Will Be Blood Arvo Part
For 10 points, identify this developer of "tintinnabulation" and composer of Tabula Rasa, a proponent of sacred minimalism from Estonia. Arvo Part
An ostinato with the winds and horns mirroring notes from a harp mimics the tolling of convent bells in this work's second movement, an Allegretto Harold in Italy or Harold en Italie
Subsequently, a rustic Allegro Assai passage introduces the next movement, an Allegretto serenade Harold in Italy or Harold en Italie
A theme from the composer's unsuccessful overture Intrata di Rob Roy Mac Gregor provided the basis for this piece's idée fixe, and after the aforementioned "March of the Pilgrims" and the "Serenade of an Abruzzi Mountaineer to his Mistress," this work's f Harold in Italy or Harold en Italie
In one work by this composer, the duration of each note in the cantus firmus is determined by the vowel on which it is sung Thomas Tallis
That piece is the Mass Puer natus est nobis, and another sacred work is the antiphon Gaude gloriosa Dei mater Thomas Tallis
Partsongs by this composer include Like as the Doleful Dove and O Ye Tender Babes Thomas Tallis
He set the first two lessons for Maundy Thursday in his two sets of Lamentations of Jeremiah, and the consort song Ye Sacred Muses is an elegy for him written by his countryman William Byrd Thomas Tallis
Another work, sometimes sung with the alternate English text "Sing and glorify," is his forty-part motet Spem in alium Thomas Tallis
FTP, identify this 16th-century English composer who provided the theme for a Fantasia by Ralph Vaughan Williams. Thomas Tallis
Both this man's song "I Love and I Must" and the Alemand that opens the Suite No Henry Purcell
7 in D Minor from his A Choice Collection of Lessons curiously bear the nickname "Bell-Barr." A popular anecdote tells how in one of his many catches, "Of all the instruments," this composer of Bonduca and The Spanish Friar mocked the "zingle, zingle, zi Henry Purcell
Franklin Zimmerman lent his name to the "Z" numbers used to catalog the works of this composer, whose "Martial Air," or "Trumpet Tune," is often played as a fanfare at weddings, and whose Abdelazar contains a rondo that served as the theme for Benjamin Br Henry Purcell
FTP, identify this Baroque composer who employed Nahum Tate as a librettist for his Dido and Aeneas. Henry Purcell
"Dragon's Dance," "From the Island of Bali," and "Melody in the Mist" are among the more colorfully titled works in this collection, whose last six works were dedicated to Harriet Cohen Mikrokosmos
"Fox Song" is one of a handful of pieces in it with a voice part, while a duet format is used for such pieces as "Contrary Motion II." Triplets in Lydian Mode" A series of "Unison Melodies" opens this collection, which ends with a set of "Dances in a Bu Mikrokosmos
Hungarian Style appear in, FTP, what 153 piece set of piano exercises composed by Bela Bartok? Mikrokosmos
One character in this work sings of how he is reduced to empty space in the aria "Quando ero paggio" after following along another character's lute Falstaff
Another character sings "Il cornuto chi e?," which, after a double marriage, is replied in the form of "Lo scornato chi e?" That marriage results in Caius consummating with a red-nosed ruffian dressed in a white veil, while Fenton marries Nannetta after s Falstaff
Featuring a trist at Herne's Oak and a toss out of a laundry basket, FTP name this final work of Giuseppe Verdi about the wooing of the merry wives of Windsor by the titular Shakespearean knight. Falstaff
This work's third movement Andantino features an extended arabesque in the solo flute, while the second movement theme features a single note on the glockenspiel followed by phrases in the flute and piccolo Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber (accept equivalents with "Metamorphoses" or with different prepositions, e.g. "Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber")
That theme originally appeared in a cultural study by Jean-Baptiste de Halde, and Rousseau quoted it in his Dictionary of Music as an example of Eastern music Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber (accept equivalents with "Metamorphoses" or with different prepositions, e.g. "Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber")
This work was originally planned as a ballet to be produced by Leonide Massine, but the composer withdrew when he learned Salvador Dali would design the sets Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber (accept equivalents with "Metamorphoses" or with different prepositions, e.g. "Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber")
Although it has three movements based on piano duets, with the last turned into a vigorous march, its second movement is based on an overture to J.A Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber (accept equivalents with "Metamorphoses" or with different prepositions, e.g. "Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber")
Schiller's adaptation of a Carlo Gozzi play and is entitled "Turandot Scherzo." FTP, name this Paul Hindemith work featuring variations on pieces by the composer of Oberon and Der Freischutz. Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber (accept equivalents with "Metamorphoses" or with different prepositions, e.g. "Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber")
It includes songs entitled "How he looks at me!" and "Tzing, tzing, tzing." The putative hero is pressed into action by the character of Public Opinion, who is more disappointed in the outcome than the husband Orpheus in the Underworld or Orphee aux Enfers
One of the title figures has a violin solo and the score borrows from Gluck's "Che Faro" throughout Orpheus in the Underworld or Orphee aux Enfers
Carl Binder would later compose an overture to the 1860 Vienna production of this work which had begun its run in Paris two years earlier to great acclaim Orpheus in the Underworld or Orphee aux Enfers
Featuring a down and out Styx and a lusty Jupiter, who wants the abducted nymph all to himself, for ten points, identify this satirical operetta, best known for having the classical gods dance the can-can, a work about a legendary singer's descent into Pl Orpheus in the Underworld or Orphee aux Enfers
This man's second symphony uses the folk song "Long, Long Ago" as one theme, and he left an unfinished Universe Symphony Charles Ives
A tremolando underlies the second movement of his fourth symphony, which draws from "The Celestial Railroad," and he synthesized jazz, rag, "Hello My Baby," and Sousa's "Washington Post" in a piece meant to evoke the nightlife of New York Charles Ives
He composed a work in which a solo trumpet asks the "Perennial Question of Existence," and another that contains the movement "Putnam's Camp." Central Park in the Dark and The Unanswered Question are by, for 10 points, this American composer of Three Pla Charles Ives
Act I of this opera sees a man standing watch keep from falling asleep by singing a ditty about "my girl," who would "like the trumpery" of storms The Flying Dutchman [accept Der fliegende Hollander]
One aria translates as "Will that day" and sees Erik pine for his lost love, who is introduced in a scene that sees a chorus of spinners sing "Spin, spin fair maiden." One character proposes a marriage to his daughter in the aria "May you my child," and t The Flying Dutchman [accept Der fliegende Hollander]
For 10 points, name this opera about the title ghost-sailor, by Richard Wagner. The Flying Dutchman [accept Der fliegende Hollander]
The last movement of the third one was originally marked "Allegro gurriero" before being changed to "Allegro Vivacissimo." The last movement of the fourth one incorporates a tarantella and a noted Saltarello Presto, while another one was composed followi symphonies of Felix Mendelssohn
The second containing three orchestral movements followed by nine for soloists is titled "Lobesgang." The strings play the "Dresden Amen" in one written to celebrate the anniversary of Luther's Augsburg Confession, while another one was written during a t symphonies of Felix Mendelssohn
For 10 points, name these compositions which include the Reformation, Scottish, and Italian. symphonies of Felix Mendelssohn
In this opera the audience is asked to consider actors' "souls since we are men of flesh and bone" and "rather than our poor costumes" in the prologue "Si Puo?" In "Stridono lassu," the soprano yearns for the freedom of birds, so she could pursue her roma I Pagliacci [or The Clowns, early]
The tenor laments that he must "put on the costume" and "Laugh I Pagliacci [or The Clowns, early]
though [his] love is broken" in the aria "Vesti la Giubba" before he appears in a play about Colombina's affair with Arlecchino I Pagliacci [or The Clowns, early]
Nedda is stabbed by her husband Canio, at the end of, for 10 points, this opera titled after clowns, by Leoncavallo. I Pagliacci [or The Clowns, early]
This composer began one work with the opening dedication, "To the City of Venice, in praise of its Patron Saint, the Blessed Mark, Apostle" in Canticum Sacrum Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
Furbo performs a fake resurrection to reignite Pimpinella's devotion for the title character of one of his ballets, and a double fugue starting in the oboes begins the second movement of a work, which has each movement dedicated to one of the hortatory vi Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
Along with Pulcinella and Symphony of Psalms, one of his works features the "Procession of the Sage" and "The Evocation of the Ancestors," and begins with a noted bassoon solo Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
For 10 points, name this composer of Petrushka and The Rite of Spring. Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
This instrument is featured in the second movement of Rautavaara's Dances with the Winds piccolo
It restates the intermezzo motive for the third and last time after the flute cadenza in the Concerto for Orchestra, having ended the previous movement in a duet with the horn piccolo
Concertos written for it include a modern one by Lowell Liebermann, as well as some by Vivaldi that were originally performed on a Baroque instrument with a similar but smaller range, the sopranino recorder piccolo
Starting the fugue in Britten's A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra, for 10 points, name this instrument that plays a famous solo in The Stars and Stripes Forever, and is often described as a small flute. piccolo
Enrico Caruso legendarily added an extra high C at the end of this opera's aria "Di quella pira." One character sings about her mother who was burned alive in "Stride la Vampa," and she later confesses that to get her vengeance she stole her enemy's son b Il Trovatore [accept The Troubadour]
The Duchess Leonora drinks poison after selling herself to secure the freedom of the title character, and the opera ends when the gypsy Azucena reveals the title character is actually Count di Luna's brother Il Trovatore [accept The Troubadour]
For 10 points, name this opera concluding with Manrico's execution that features "The Anvil Chorus," composed by Giuseppi Verdi. Il Trovatore [accept The Troubadour]
This composer had the violin play 2/4 against the persistent 6/8 beat of the orchestra in his work for Pablo Sarasate, Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso, while a Nubian love song he found in Luxor inspired his fifth piano concerto in F Major subtitled "E Camille Saint-Saens
This composer depicted a peasant dreaming of summer while dying in a blizzard in the "trepak" section of his cycle Song and Dances of Death, and his vocal works include Sunless and The Destruction of Sennacherib Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky
The title character of one opera has visions of a child he thought was executed at Uglich and is eventually overthrown by the monk Grigori, who becomes the False Dmitri Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky
Another work features sections titled "The Market at Limoges" and "The Old Castle" that are connected by the "Promenade" theme Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky
For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Boris Godunov and Pictures at an Exhibition. Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky
Ira Gitler first coined the term "sheets of sound" to describe the style of this jazz musician, who ended one album with the "musical narration" of a poem that begins "I will do all I can to be worthy of Thee, Oh Lord." He collaborated with McCoy Tyner an John William Coltrane
The soprano in this opera reminds herself that she "must always be free" in the aria "E Strano! E Strano...Sempre Libera" after the tenor proclaims his love in "Un di felice, eterea." The baritone sings "Di Provenza il mar" to convince his son to return t La Traviata
In the last act, the title character sings "Adio del passato" after reading a letter from Giorgio apologizing for breaking up her romance with his son, who impressed the title character by singing the Brindisi La Traviata
For 10 points, Alfredo Germont is the lover of Violetta in what Verdi opera about a courtesan? La Traviata
In this work, thirty-six measures of the organ playing the B flat pedal culminates in the section "Accende Lumen Sensibus," while the composer emulated the polyphony of Bach's motet Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied in the opening movement Symphony of a Thousand [accept Mahler's Symphony Number 8 in E major; accept Symphony Number eight after "Mahler"]
In the finale, Doctor Marianus praises Mater Gloriosa, who is the personification of this symphony's unifying theme of the "Eternal Feminine." The first movement is based on the medieval hymn "Veni, Creator Spiritus," while the second movement is a settin Symphony of a Thousand [accept Mahler's Symphony Number 8 in E major; accept Symphony Number eight after "Mahler"]
Featuring a chorus of over eight hundred at its premiere, for 10 points, name this Mahler symphony that requires many performers. Symphony of a Thousand [accept Mahler's Symphony Number 8 in E major; accept Symphony Number eight after "Mahler"]
In one work, this composer adapted the opening theme from the first section "Arietta" into a waltz for the last segment entitled, "Remembrances," and he wrote an "air" in andante religioso for a work written "in old style" dedicated to a playwright Edvard Hagerup Grieg
In addition to Lyric Pieces and the Holberg Suite, one of his works has sections titled "Anitra's Dance" and "Morning Mood" and a sharp cymbal crash represents the destruction of a mountain as trolls are chasing the title character in the movement, "In th Edvard Hagerup Grieg
This work condemns "the original sin of reason" as one of the "four great errors." It calls George Sand a milk cow, Dante a hyena, and describes The Imitation of Christ as exuding a Frenchman-like feminine smell in the section "Skirmishes of an Untimely The Twilight of the Idols [or Gotzen-Dammerung]
Subtitled "How to Philosophize with a Hammer," For 10 points, name this Nietzsche work, whose title parodies Wagner's Gotterdammerung. The Twilight of the Idols [or Gotzen-Dammerung]
This work features a 3/2 Vivace of its composer's earlier aria "Sento la Gioia" from the opera Amadigi, which provides the central melody for the celebrated "Alla Hornpipe" movement the Water Music
The "Bouree" and "Air" movements of are found in the first section according to Samuel Arnold's authoritative edition of this work the Water Music
Beginning with a French overture, it consists of three suites in F, D, and G major, while it is often paired with "Music for Royal Fireworks" in performance the Water Music
For 10 points, name this series of pieces written to accompany the procession of the George I's royal barge on the River Thames by George Friedrich Handel. the Water Music
He currently collaborates with flautist Bobby Millitello Dave Brubeck
He created a jazz version of "Someday My Prince Will Come" in his album based on Disney songs, and he is credited with bringing jazz to college campuses with his Jazz at Oberlin Dave Brubeck
His group's best known album features the tracks "Kathy's Waltz" and "Strange Meadowlark," and features a 9/8 time signature in a piece inspired by the zeybek folk dance, "Blue Rondo a la Turk." Joe Morello was originally supposed to play a drum solo in h Dave Brubeck
For 10 points, name this Jazz pianist, who featured "Take Five" in his album Time Out. Dave Brubeck
One of this man's compositions includes a saucy dance in which one character asks "Got any money?" after which a disheveled old man chases her around saying "All that matters is love." He wrote a symphonic poem for a former Regent-President of his countr Bela Victor Janos Bartok
This composer of Kossuth and The Miraculous Mandolin also wrote a five-movement Concerto for Orchestra and an opera about Judith, who insists that the title character open the doors of his palace Bela Victor Janos Bartok
For 10 points, name this Hungarian composer of the opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle. Bela Victor Janos Bartok
In one of his operas, Mamud switches his favored son Melindo at birth with the son of the Sultana Rustena Antonio Vivaldi
Along with Truth and Ordeal, he featured a female chorus playing Assyrian soldiers in his oratorio based on the book of Judith, Juditha Triumphans Antonio Vivaldi
He showcased four sets violin concertos alternating with a pairwise arrangement of keys in his L'Estro Armonico Antonio Vivaldi
His Mandolin Concerto in C Major is often paired with his most famous work, which comes from the collection of concerti grossi, The Contest Between Harmony and Invention Antonio Vivaldi
For 10 points, identify this Italian composer, who included the movements "L'inverno," and "La Primavera," in The Four Seasons. Antonio Vivaldi
One character in this opera performs the "Csardas" to verify her disguise as a Hungarian countess before stealing her husband's watch to prove his infidelity, and earlier she convinces Alfred to pretend to be her husband and serve his eight-day sentence i Die Fledermaus [or The Bat]
In the "laughing" song, "Mein Herr Marquis, ein Mann wie Sie," a maid convinces her master that she is actually an actress Die Fledermaus [or The Bat]
While pretending to be Chevalier Chagrin, the jailer, Frank convinces Adele to come home with him where they find Rosalinde arguing with her husband Die Fledermaus [or The Bat]
Falke leads the guests of Prince Orlofsky's ball to witness Baron Eisenstein's reconciliation, in, for 10 points, this operetta by Johann Strauss. Die Fledermaus [or The Bat]
This person adapted the passacaglia from Bach's Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich for a theme that appears in the notable chaconne of the last movement of his Fourth Symphony in E minor, while he created twenty-one pieces for piano-four-hands based on folk s Johannes Brahms
His first symphony is often referred to as "Beethoven's Tenth," while another of his works quotes the hymn "Gaudeamus Igitur" and was written to commemorate an honorary degree from the University of Breslau Johannes Brahms
For 10 points, name this composer of Academic Festival Overture and a namesake lullaby. Johannes Brahms
In the prologue to one of his operas the gods Virtue and Fortune argue about who is more powerful, only to be outdone by the god Amore Claudio Monteverdi
He used consecutive fifths as parody in his Canzonetta tre voci, and there is debate about the placement of the "Nigra Sum" motet in his Vespers for the Blessed Virgin Claudio Monteverdi
He featured a stile concitato in a setting of Jerusalem Delivered, entitled The Combat of Tancred and Clorinda Claudio Monteverdi
In one opera, Drusilla confesses to an attempted assassination to protect her lover Ottone, who had tried to kill Nerone's future empress Claudio Monteverdi
For 10 points, name this composer whose works such as Arianna, The Coronation of Poppea, and Orfeo, helped develop opera. Claudio Monteverdi
This composer's tone poems include one in which the title demon murders a child, The Water Goblin, and his first symphony is titled after the "Bells of Zlonice." He quotes the song series "The Cypresses" at the end of his Cello Concerto in B minor, which Antonin Leopold Dvorak
This composer also wrote the American String Quartet, which was inspired by his time in Spillville, Iowa; that also provided inspiration of a symphony he wrote that was based on the Song of Hiawatha and African American spirituals Antonin Leopold Dvorak
For 10 points, name this composer of the Carnival Overture, some Slavonic Dances, and his 9th symphony, From the New World. Antonin Leopold Dvorak
One of his works contains the movement "The Evil God and the Dance of Pagan Monsters" and a section depicting the sun god Ala Sergei Prokofiev
He evoked the 18th century with a down-bow on the strings and D-minor triad arpeggio at the start of a symphony created "as Haydn might have written it." This composer of the Scythian Suite and Classical Symphony wrote a troika in a work about the advisor Sergei Prokofiev
This creator of the Lieutenant Kije Suite wrote a work in which the clarinet plays the cat and the bassoon represents the Grandfather Sergei Prokofiev
For 10 points, name this composer of the ballet Romeo and Juliet and Peter and the Wolf. Sergei Prokofiev
This work received its current name from violinist Johann Peter Salomon the Jupiter Symphony [accept Mozart's Symphony No. 41; or K551]
A passage in its opening Allegro vivace movement echoes the composer's earlier "Voi siete un po tondo," while the opening theme of its final movement is identical to the opening in the finale of Haydn's thirteenth Symphony the Jupiter Symphony [accept Mozart's Symphony No. 41; or K551]
Highlights of the Andante Cantabile movement include a lyric bassoon solo, and the final movement ends with a blaze of trumpets and timpani that leads a double fugue, which culminates into a famous five-theme canon the Jupiter Symphony [accept Mozart's Symphony No. 41; or K551]
For 10 points, identify this final symphony by Mozart with an Olympian name. the Jupiter Symphony [accept Mozart's Symphony No. 41; or K551]
This composer created one of the very first roles of the Luthéal instrument in his Tzigane, and his piano duet written for Mimi and Jean Godebski is entitled Mother Goose Joseph-Maurice Ravel
"The Valley of Bells" and "A Boat on the Ocean" are two sections of his difficult Miroirs, and he included "Ondine" and "Le Gibet" in his piano work meant to be more difficult than Balakirev's Islamey, Gaspard de la nuit Joseph-Maurice Ravel
The end of one work features an eight bar shift from C major to E major right before bass drum and cymbals make their first entrance reinforcing the ostinato first played by the snare drums Joseph-Maurice Ravel
For 10 points, name this composer, who created Pavane for a Dead Princess and the repetitive Bolero. Joseph-Maurice Ravel
The final movement of this work features a coda that us described as "the tail that wags the dog." In the second movement the cello section is divided with two cellos playing muted instruments representing dripping water, while the rest of the section joi Pastoral Symphony [or Beethoven's Symphony Number 6 in F Major; accept just six after "Beethoven"]
A trio appears twice and is interrupted by a 2/4 scherzo each time in the third movement depicting a peasants' dance, and a cadenza featuring the oboe, flute, and clarinet represents bird songs in the second movement subtitled, "By a Brook." For 10 points Pastoral Symphony [or Beethoven's Symphony Number 6 in F Major; accept just six after "Beethoven"]
He offered four variations on a "sighing" theme in the "Variazioni" section of a work featuring movements inspired by the Alborada and Fandango dances, while King Dodon is advised about the Queen of Shemakha by the title mystical object of one opera Nicolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
Along with Capriccio Espagnol and The Golden Cockerel, he used terse violin cadenzas representing the light emanating from Christ's tomb to separate the sections of his Russian Easter Festival Overture and the bass motif of the sultan is contrasted with t Nicolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Scheherazade and "Flight of the Bumble Bee." Nicolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
This composer wrote the aria "Quand nos bourgeons se rouvriront" about the Belgian defense on the Ypres in his A Voice in the Desert, while a famous "nobilmente" features in his first symphony in A-flat dedicated to Hans Richter Edward Elgar
Jacqueline du Pre popularized his cello concerto in E minor, and a Cardinal Newman poem is the basis for his oratorio The Dreams of Gerontius Edward Elgar
An argument about Sonata Pathetique with Augustus Jaeger was depicted in the "Nimrod" section of a work thought to be inspired by "Auld Lang Syne." For 10 points, name this English composer of the Enigma Variations and Pomp and Circumstance. Edward Elgar
One character in this opera convinces himself of victory in the aria "Schweig! Damit dich Niemand wart," and in another scene a portrait falls from the wall, injuring the female lead Der Freischutz or The Free-Shooter or The Marksman
In the prologue, a hermit warns of dark days and gives another character sacred roses Der Freischutz or The Free-Shooter or The Marksman
One character sings "Comes a pretty boy up this path", is named Annchen, and is later dismayed at one character's dream Der Freischutz or The Free-Shooter or The Marksman
In a later scene another character waits impatiently and calls for Zamiel to help Der Freischutz or The Free-Shooter or The Marksman
Kaspar convinces the protagonist to come to the Wolf's Glen at night, and the next morning Kuno's underlings rejoice in the "Hunter's Chorus." For 10 points, name this opera where Max tries to win Agathe by using charmed bullets to ace a trial shot, a wor Der Freischutz or The Free-Shooter or The Marksman
C.P.E A
Bach wrote his 'Hamburg' Symphony for strings in this note's major key, and another symphony in this major key is sometimes nicknamed The Philosophical A
That symphony is Bruckner's sixth, and Saent Saens' first cello concerto is in this note's minor key, as is Paganini's 24th caprice and Rachmaninov's Rhapsody on that theme A
Playing this note's major scale starting on E would be identical to a Mixolydian mode, and when the Aeolian mode is played on the white keys of the piano, it is identical to this note's natural minor key A
Beethoven's "Fur Elise" is in this minor key, as are both Schumann's and Grieg's piano concerti A
Mozart's clarinet concerto is in its major key, and the dominant of this note is E A
For ten points, name this note whose minor key has no sharps or flats, is the note played by the oboe for an orchestra to tune to, and which is found a whole step below B. A
The Argentine composer Astor Piazzolla wrote a few tango compositions about some of these in Buenos Aires the seasons [accept the four seasons]
John Cage composed his first piece in his gamut technique about these the seasons [accept the four seasons]
Alexander Glazunov also wrote an allegorical ballet in one act and four scenes about them, which includes a bacchanal of the titular themes in the fourth landscape the seasons [accept the four seasons]
More famous examples of musical pieces with this theme are found in a Joseph Haydn oratorio composed after The Creation that includes a hunting song and a loud thunderstorm, a series of Pyotr Tchaikovsky works with the same title that includes the pieces the seasons [accept the four seasons]
For 10 points, give the titular theme shared by these pieces, the most famous being four violin concertos by Antonio Vivaldi. the seasons [accept the four seasons]
Sibelius's Seventh Symphony was the basis for this composer's Symphony in One Movement, while selections from The Unchangeableness of God can be found in his Prayers of Kierkegaard Samuel Barber
The poem "Prometheus Bound" was the basis for the tone poem Music for a Scene from Shelley written by this composer, who used a flurry of two-note cells leading to a trill to open his Overture to The School for Scandal Samuel Barber
This composer of two Essays for Orchestra wrote about Erika and the title character waiting for Anatol in his opera Vanessa, but he may be best remembered for a work which is based on a passage from Vergil's Georgics Samuel Barber
FTP, name this American composer of Adagio for Strings. Samuel Barber
The action in this work is foreshadowed by the songs of Bayan Ruslan and Lyudmila or Ruslan i Lyudmila
One character sings the cavatina "O splendid star of love" after being abandoned by her true love, who is distracted by Persian slave girls while searching for one title character Ruslan and Lyudmila or Ruslan i Lyudmila
Farlaf sings the rondo "My hour of triumph is near" after being promised aid from former beauty and current hag Naina, who had been spurned by the magician Finn Ruslan and Lyudmila or Ruslan i Lyudmila
A sleep-dispelling ring, a sword obtained from a giant head, and the knowledge that a sorcerer's strength is in his beard help the hero rescue his true love and Kievan princess from the dwarf Chernomor Ruslan and Lyudmila or Ruslan i Lyudmila
FTP name this opera composed after A Life for the Tsar and based on a Pushkin poem, composed by Mikhail Glinka. Ruslan and Lyudmila or Ruslan i Lyudmila
The chorus of this opera expresses the general merriment at a party scene by singing the art song "Ho Ho Ho!" while the third act of this opera contains dances from both Witches and Sailors Dido and Aeneas
The first aria sung in this opera is "Shake the cloud from off your brow," while a later one speculates on an impending marriage, the chorus' "When monarchs unite." One of the title characters sings "Peace and I are strangers now" to her friend Belinda, b Dido and Aeneas
The chorus instructs "cupids to scatter roses on her tomb" after one of the title characters sings the final aria "When I am Laid In Earth." For ten points, identify this opera about the title Carthaginian princess and her lover, a work by Henry Purcell. Dido and Aeneas
One movement in this piece is in 6/8 time and G sharp and is intended to depict a troubadour singing in front of an ancient castle Pictures at an Exhibition (also accept "Kartinki s vystavki")
One movement of this piece depicts two French women fighting in a market in the titular city, Limoges, while another one depicts two children playing in a certain garden Pictures at an Exhibition (also accept "Kartinki s vystavki")
Many movements of this piece are separated by promenades, while a more famous movement of this piece depicts a house suspended on chicken legs Pictures at an Exhibition (also accept "Kartinki s vystavki")
In addition to The Tuleries Gardens, the most famous movement of this piece has its main theme interspersed with piano hymns twice, and is entitled The Great Gate at Kiev Pictures at an Exhibition (also accept "Kartinki s vystavki")
For ten points, identify this suite of pieces inspired by Victor Hartmann, which was composed by Modest Mussorgsky. Pictures at an Exhibition (also accept "Kartinki s vystavki")
The secret Vehmic trials during the late Middle Ages are the subject of this composer's unfinished opera The Free Judges Hector Berlioz
Among the unstaged dramatic works of this composer are The Childhood of Christ and a work which ends with Marguerite being brought up to heaven in its epilogue, The Damnation of Faust Hector Berlioz
Dido and Aeneas the subjects of his opera Les Troyens, while he placed four brass choirs in different places in his Requiem Hector Berlioz
It was intended for Paganini to play the viola solo, which represents the title character, in this composer's symphony Harold in Italy Hector Berlioz
FTP, name this composer of a work whose sections include "Dreams - Passions," "Dream of a Witches' Sabbath," and "March to the Scaffold," Symphonie Fantastique. Hector Berlioz
One character in this opera sings "Oh! Che volo d'augelli" before her ballatella "Stridono lassu" while Beppe has taken another character to the village I Pagliacci or The Clowns [accept loose English equivalents such as The Strolling Players]
The aria "Si Puo? Signore, Signori" is sung near its opening, as is "Un tal gioco, credetermi" by a character who boxes the ears of Tonio; later on, it is Tonio who goes to the tavern and alerts that character, who then sings "Vesti la giubba." Taking pla I Pagliacci or The Clowns [accept loose English equivalents such as The Strolling Players]
This is due to Nedda's real-life betrayal of Canio in, FTP, which opera about a troupe of actors, written by Ruggiero Leoncavallo? I Pagliacci or The Clowns [accept loose English equivalents such as The Strolling Players]
Cellos are doubled by bassoons before the tutti at "juxta crucem lacrimosa" in the opening movement of this composer's setting of Stabat Mater Gioachino Antonio Rossini
Six settings of "Mi lagnero tacendo" that he called Musique anodine and his Petite Messe Solonelle are included in his Sins of Old Age, while another of his works concerns the daughter of the King of Lesbos, Polidoro Gioachino Antonio Rossini
This composer of Zelmire also substituted a philosopher named Alidoro and Don Magnifico for the traditional fairy godmother and wicked stepmother in La Cenerenterola Gioachino Antonio Rossini
In his most famous work, the title character, introduced with the aria "Largo al factotum," preoccupies Lindoro so that his compatriot can find time with Rosina, who ultimately marries Count Almaviva Gioachino Antonio Rossini
For 10 points, identify this composer of William Tell and The Barber of Seville. Gioachino Antonio Rossini
He overlapped a pair of soprano saxophones repeating an interval in different rhythms for the score for Beckett's play Play, and one of his compositions, in which a stepmother kills her son when he reaches into a chest for an apple, is based on the story Philip Glass
The opening scene of one piece features an aria becoming a duet and then a trio against the background of a chaconne and is entitled "The Kuru Field of Justice." The final scene of his most famous piece features frantically chanted numbers, which may impl Philip Glass
For 10 points, identify this minimalist composer of Satyagraha, Akhenaten, and Einstein on the Beach. Philip Glass
In an article about this musician in Time Magazine, his first publicity campaign was described as "the Abominable Snowman caged by Blue Note Records Thelonious Sphere Monk
Other of his albums include "Underground" and "Brilliant Corners," an album featuring Max Roach on drums and timpani on such tracks as "Ba-lue Bolivar Ba-lues-are." On this man's most famous album, Charlie Rouse's tenor saxophone is showcased on "Locomoti Thelonious Sphere Monk
His other charts include "Crepuscle with Nellie" and "Epistrophy." A proponent of funny hats, for 10 points, name this hard bop pianist best known for his "Straight, No Chaser" and "'Round Midnight." Thelonious Sphere Monk
This composer mimicked Muzio Clementi's Sonatina Op Erik Satie
36 in his own Sonatine Bureaucratique, while "Waltz of the Mysterious Kiss in the Eye" and "High-Society Cancan" are numbers in his orchestral suite La belle eccentrique Erik Satie
A co-composer of the ballets Parade and The Adventures of Mercury, he also created a word for a set of pieces without time signatures and bar lines called Six Gnossiennes, while 840 repetitions are needed for his work Vexations Erik Satie
This composer of Dried Up Embryos and the play Medusa's Trap composed five works of "furniture music," but he may be best remembered for a set of three piano works in 3/4 ["three-four"] time which are considered the basis for ambient music Erik Satie
FTP, name this mentor of Les Six, the French composer of Gymnopedies. Erik Satie
Some of the characters in this opera discuss the future in the song "Alta cagion v'aduna," while later, one character instructs antoher to be more modest in "Vieni: sul crin ti piovano." Other notable music in this opera includes the ball scene in the sec Aida
The title character is compared to Celeste in one aria, while others include "Ritorna vincitor," and "O Patria Mia." In an excised scene, the title character meets another character in a tomb, where that man had been sealed as part of his punishment for d Aida
Amneris complicates matters in this play by falling in love with Radames, the son of the Pharaoh Aida
For ten points, name this opera about the titular Ethiopian princess, which was written by Giuseppe Verdi. Aida
The title character of his only opera sings the aria "Die letzte Hoffnung Schwindet" and is named Genoveva, while his first symphony was an unfinished work named after his hometown Zwickau Robert Schumann
His first published work was dedicated to a fictional countess and is based on themes to the sequence "A B-flat E G G." One of this man's works includes the sections "Dreaming," "The Poet Speaks," and "Of Foreign Lands and people," and is called Kindersze Robert Schumann
T Robert Schumann
A Robert Schumann
Hoffman and was dedicated to Frederick Chopin Robert Schumann
In addition to Kreisleriana, he composed a suite of piano pieces titled Papillons, while one of his orchestral works depicts the Archbishop of Cologne within its five movements Robert Schumann
For 10 points, name this German composer, husband of Clara, who created the Spring Symphony, and the Rhenish Symphony. Robert Schumann
While the protagonist of this opera is dining, a series of popular tunes is played, including music from Vicente Martin y Soler's Una cosa rara and Giuseppi Sarti's Fra i due litiganti, as well as an excerpt from the composer's previous opera Don Giovanni
The title character plays the mandolin while singing the canzonetta "Deh vieni alla finestra," sung to the woman with whom he sings the duet "La ci darem la mano," Zerlina Don Giovanni
At the end, the protagonist is visited by the statue of the slain Commendatore and dragged down to hell, and early in this opera, the title character's servant distracts Donna Elvira by singing the so-called Catalogue Aria Don Giovanni
For 10 points, identify this opera about a womanizing nobleman, which was written by Wolfgana Amadeus Mozart. Don Giovanni
The operas The Unexpected Encounter and The False Slave are among the comic operas of this composer, who once performed a concerto using twenty-six drinking glasses at a benefit for himself Christoph Wilibald Gluck
Like Lully, he used Quinault's libretto for his own opera Armide, while Calzabigi wrote the libretto for his Paris and Helen Christoph Wilibald Gluck
This composer of the ballet Semiramis wrote a work in which Cynire is asked by the title nymph to search for her lover in Echo and Narcissus, but he might be better known for writing about a priestess who is magically transported away from being sacrifice Christoph Wilibald Gluck
FTP, name this German opera reformer and composer of Alceste and Orfeo et Eurydice. Christoph Wilibald Gluck
Kid Ory was the most popular of the "tailgate" performers of this instrument trombone
Still a mystery today is the generation of several sounds by "Tricky Sam" Nanton using only this instrument and a plunger trombone
Jimmy Bosch is notable for his contributions to salsa playing this instrument trombone
In addition to his status as one of the few prominent white male jazz singers, Jack Teagarden was a master of this instrument, while another member of this section in the Duke Ellington Orchestra, Juan Tizol, played the "valve" type of this instrument trombone
For 10 points, name this brass instrument played by Tommy Dorsey and Glenn Miller, seventy-six of which led the big parade in a song from "The Music Man." trombone
The clarinets precede the violins in expressing fragments of the march theme of the third movement of this work, while its ending portrays the process of dying as the orchestra fades to having only the cellos and basses play Symphony No. 6 in B minor, "Pathétique," Op. 74 [accept Tchaikovsky's 6 before "the name"]
The trombones quote from the Russian Orthodox Mass of the Dead in the first movement of this work, whose second movement is uncharacteristically in 5/4 ["five four"] time Symphony No. 6 in B minor, "Pathétique," Op. 74 [accept Tchaikovsky's 6 before "the name"]
Originally called A Programmatic Symphony, it sometimes uses a bass clarinet to play a four-note bassoon solo midway through its first movement since it is marked with six p's Symphony No. 6 in B minor, "Pathétique," Op. 74 [accept Tchaikovsky's 6 before "the name"]
The end of the third movement is often mistaken for the end of this B minor work, whose name was given by the composer's brother, Modest Symphony No. 6 in B minor, "Pathétique," Op. 74 [accept Tchaikovsky's 6 before "the name"]
For 10 points, give the name of the sixth and final Tchaikovsky symphony. Symphony No. 6 in B minor, "Pathétique," Op. 74 [accept Tchaikovsky's 6 before "the name"]
An A minor composition of this type by this man was discovered in 1983 and nicknamed "Odense." Gustave Nottebohm noted that Beethoven's Fifth Symphony bears a theme similar to the opening of the final movement the second to last one, which is sometimes ca Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart [Both underlined parts required]
A more well-known composition one begins with an adagio introduction, while another one, reminiscent of a work by Michael Haydn, ends the molto allegro with a five-voice fugato, and its name was coined by Johann Peter Salomon Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart [Both underlined parts required]
The "Haffner" is one of, FTP, which type of composition by which man, including his 38th, nicknamed "Prague", and 41st, nicknamed "Jupiter"? Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart [Both underlined parts required]
One character in this work performs a song on a cornet, after which she begins to dance to dance tunes its composer borrowed from Josef Lanner Petrushka [or Petrouchka]
One character performs a pas a deux with a coconut while lying on his back in this work, while the "Wet Nurses' Dance" is performed before one character is chased by an axe-wielding character Petrushka [or Petrouchka]
Featuring a namesake chord consisting of the major triads of C and F, it opens at a Shrovetide Fair in St Petrushka [or Petrouchka]
Petersburg Petrushka [or Petrouchka]
It sees the death of the title via an axe at the hands of the Moor, who has seduced the title character's lover, the Ballerina; all of this took place after the Old Wizard brought them to life Petrushka [or Petrouchka]
FTP, name this Igor Stravinsky ballet about a dancing puppet. Petrushka [or Petrouchka]
He wrote several pieces for violin and piano, including the Pastourelle, the Bizarrerie, and the Salut d'Amour, and composed for the Powick Asylum Band early in his career Sir Edward William Elgar
Poetry inspired many of his works, including the 1901 Grania and Dairmid, co-written with William Butler Yeats and The Black Knight and St Sir Edward William Elgar
Olaf, both written in 1896 and inspired by the works of Robert Longfellow Sir Edward William Elgar
His first symphony, dedicated to Hans Richter, is unusual for being in A flat major and for its opening movement being marked Andante nobilmente Sir Edward William Elgar
His Catholicism was a great influence in his work, including his setting of Cardinal Newman's poem The Dream of Gerontius Sir Edward William Elgar
For ten points, identify this composer of the Pomp and Circumstance Marches and the Enigma Variations Sir Edward William Elgar
The Latin Mass is the source of the titles of this composer's third symphony of this composer, who also wrote incidental music for a play by Rene Morax Arthur Honegger
This composer of A Christmas Cantata created a piece for solo flute for the play Dance of the Goat Arthur Honegger
This man's Amphion contains the notable Prelude, Fugue, and Postlude, and his Summer Pastoral was written for chamber orchestra Arthur Honegger
He collaborated with Ibert on his opera L'Aiglon, while Ida Rubinstein commissioned his Joan of Arc at the Stake Arthur Honegger
This critic of Satie collaborated with Cocteau on the opera Antigone, while his best known work is paired with Rugby and Mouvement Symphonique No Arthur Honegger
3 and imitates the sound of a locomotive Arthur Honegger
For 10 points, name this member of Les Six, best known as the composer of Pacific 231. Arthur Honegger
He satirized League of Nations politicians in the polka of his suite for ballet, The Age of Gold Dmitri Shostakovich
His Second Symphony is a single 20-minute movement which features an actual factory whistle during a quiet spot, while Volkov called his Ninth Symphony a work "full of sarcasm and bitterness," disguised as an homage to Haydn Dmitri Shostakovich
Other orchestral works includes a suite from the incidental music to Mayakovsky's The Bed Bug, as well as a work subtitled "A Soviet Artist's Reply to Just Criticism" Dmitri Shostakovich
He crafted Katerina Izmaylova as a heroic victim in an opera, while his seventh symphony was a response to Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra and written during a German invasion Dmitri Shostakovich
FTP, name this Russian composer of Lady Macbeth of the Mtensk District and the "Leningrad" symphony. Dmitri Shostakovich
The prelude of his fourth symphony closes with the chorus singing the hymn "Watchman," while his unfinished, most abstract symphony is known as his Universe Symphony Charles Edward Ives
In one of his "Two Contemplations," Central Park in the Dark is paired with a work in which the dissonant dialogue between trumpet and woodwinds represents the search for a transcendental answer Charles Edward Ives
This composer of Variations on "America" also wrote his second piano sonata to commemorate such people as Hawthorne, the Alcotts, and Emerson, while "Putnam's Camp" and "The Housatonic at Stockbridge" are among the title locales of his most famous orchest Charles Edward Ives
The composer of The Unanswered Question, for ten points, name this American composer of Concord Sonata and Three Places in New England. Charles Edward Ives
This term describes a work by César Franck for Organ in E major, his Opus 19, and operatic examples include Caldara's Dafne and Haydn's La fedeltà premiata pastoral or pastorale
John Gay's Acis and Galatea is a 'serenata' of this type, and a Newgate type of this musical genre is the ironic subtitle of Beggar's Opera pastoral or pastorale
It can be described as a movement of a melody in thirds over a drone bass, and the titles of Beethoven's Piano Sonata No pastoral or pastorale
15 and Ralph Vaughan Williams' Symphony No pastoral or pastorale
3 share this word, which also names the Pifa movement for Handel's Massiah pastoral or pastorale
The most famous work bearing this word includes movements titled "Storm" and "Scene by the brook." For 10 points, name this term, which also names Beethoven's Symphony No pastoral or pastorale
6 in F Major. pastoral or pastorale
Alexander Scriabin's opus 74 consists of five of these pieces, including one marked "Très lent, contemplatif." Alberto Ginastera included tributes to Juan Jose Castro and Aaron Copland in his twelve American ones preludes
One of these in D flat major marked "Sostenuto" was nicknamed for its repetition of A flat in the left hand preludes
One of these pieces consisting of arpeggiated chords opens J preludes
S preludes
Bach's first cello suite preludes
Rachmaninoff's opus 3 number 2 is one of these pieces in C sharp minor, while Chopin's set of twenty-four of them includes one known as the "Raindrop." For 10 points, name these pieces paired with fugues in The Well-Tempered Clavier, named for their origi preludes
One work containing this word in the title is based on the work of poet Aasmund Vinje and forms the second half of Grieg's Elegiac Melodies spring
A symphony subtitled this features a pizzicato section in its first movement, and a Scherzo movement containing two trios in opposing rhythms spring
Another symphony of this name includes poems by Milton and Auden and ends with a finale on "London, to Thee I do Present." This period of time appears in the title of a tone poem in which a clarinet, an oboe and strings imitate the calls of a bird, Freder spring
For 10 points, identify this word shared by the opening movement of Antonio Vivaldi's The Four Seasons. spring
Paul Gaugain compared this piece to "the somber harmonies of brown and dull violet in Delacroix." The twelfth measure of this piece's first movement changes to a bright "Allegro di molto e con brio" in cut time, after it opens with the tempo marking "Grav Pathetique sonata [or Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonata no. 8 in C minor]
Its third movement, a Rondo: Allegro, returns to C minor, after the A flat minor of its second movement, a flowing Adagio Cantabile Pathetique sonata [or Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonata no. 8 in C minor]
It shares its name with a symphony whose second movement contains an unusual waltz in 5/4 time Pathetique sonata [or Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonata no. 8 in C minor]
For 10 points, identify this piano sonata, the eighth by Beethoven, which its name with Tchaikovsky's sixth symphony. Pathetique sonata [or Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonata no. 8 in C minor]
After the populace shouts "Ritorna vincitor!", one character in this opera sings the aria "Numi pieta," demonstrating her conflicting emotions Aida
After being captured, Amonasro tells the protagonist about the ghost of her mother, causing her to eventually sing, "O patria! Quanto mi costi!" Its final act features a double scene, where one character is imprisoned in the Temple of Vulcan after reveali Aida
The title character wins the love of Radames over her mistress Amneris, but is buried alive in a vault Aida
For 10 points, name this opera about an Ethiopian princess by Giuseppe Verdi. Aida
This artist composed an overture in the style of Mendelssohn for an opera which includes the songs "When Love and Beauty," "Over the Roof," and "Then come not yet." In one of this composer's last operas, Ludwig replaces the miserly Grand Duke Rudolph of P Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan
S Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan
Gilbert. Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan
The fifth of these pieces, a funeral march, is the only one to retain the same tempo marking throughout Hungarian Rhapsodies [or Magyar rapsodiak]
The eleventh of these pieces uses delicate tremolos and sixty-fourth-note configurations to mimic the sound of a cimbalom Hungarian Rhapsodies [or Magyar rapsodiak]
These pieces are structured in the verbunkos style, and open with a lassan, or slow beginning, followed by a friska, or fast conclusion Hungarian Rhapsodies [or Magyar rapsodiak]
Including pieces titled "Heroide-elegiaque," "The Carnival at Pest," and "Rakoczy March," the most renowned one may be the second, notable for its extreme technical difficulty Hungarian Rhapsodies [or Magyar rapsodiak]
For 10 points, name this series of nineteen piano pieces based on folk themes of the Magyars, composed by Franz Liszt. Hungarian Rhapsodies [or Magyar rapsodiak]
This opera's libretto was adapted by Edmond Gondinet from the novel Le mariage de Loti Lakmé
In this opera's first act, the lead tenor draws a picture of the protagonist's jewelry, which she had left on a bench, causing them to meet Lakmé
The female lead is forced to sing about a pariah's daughter who saves a traveler from wild beasts in the aria "Air des clochettes," this opera's Bell Song Lakmé
In its second act, Nilakantha stabs a British soldier, causing the title character to nurse him back to health Lakmé
However, in its final act, the title character dies in Gerald's arms after she poisoning herself Lakmé
Featuring the "Flower Duet" between Mallika and the title character, for 10 points, name this opera by Léo Délibes about an Indian princess. Lakmé
This composer adapted one of Pushkin's Little Tragedies in an opera in which a priest admonishes youngsters to honor the dead caused by a recent cataclysm Cesar Antonovich Cui
In addition to Feast in the Time of Plague, he wrote an opera based on a tragedy by Heinrich Heine, William Ratcliff, and composed versions of Puss and Boots, Ivan the Fool, and Little Red Riding Hood for children Cesar Antonovich Cui
In another of his operas, the title character falls in love with Fatima, who ultimately commits suicide Cesar Antonovich Cui
For 10 points, name this Russian composer of The Prisoner of the Caucasus, a member of the Mighty Five along with Balakirev, Mussorgsky, Borodin, and Rimsky-Korsakov. Cesar Antonovich Cui
This piece ends with a flute accompanying a solo clarinet which recapitulates the main theme Hebrides Overture [or Fingal's Cave overture before mentioned; or Felix Mendelssohn's Opus 26]
Its undulating opening theme is played by the violins, cellos, and bassoons, before this piece's key switches to F minor and B-flat minor herald the coming of rain Hebrides Overture [or Fingal's Cave overture before mentioned; or Felix Mendelssohn's Opus 26]
The trumpets enter pianissimo during the climax of this piece, which uses a downward chromatic slide by the woodwinds to represent a huge wave, part of a storm signified by rising bass lines and dynamic arches Hebrides Overture [or Fingal's Cave overture before mentioned; or Felix Mendelssohn's Opus 26]
Initially titled "The Lonely Island" and dedicated to Frederick William IV of Prussia, this piece is sometimes named for Fingal's Cave Hebrides Overture [or Fingal's Cave overture before mentioned; or Felix Mendelssohn's Opus 26]
For 10 points, identify this overture by Felix Mendelssohn named for an archipelago off the coast of Scotland. Hebrides Overture [or Fingal's Cave overture before mentioned; or Felix Mendelssohn's Opus 26]
In this symphony's Scherzo, the timpani and basses play contrasting rhythms during a similar melody of repeated A's Tragic Symphony [or Mahler's Symphony no. 6 in A minor]
Its first movement, an allegro energico, begins with a variation of the song "Der Tamboursg'sell," which transforms into a march punctuated with the timpani playing a left-left-left-right-left cadence Tragic Symphony [or Mahler's Symphony no. 6 in A minor]
Cowbells play during the finale of the first movement, which introduces an ascending theme named for the composer's wife Tragic Symphony [or Mahler's Symphony no. 6 in A minor]
Its final movement is thirty minutes long, and ends with a fortissimo A flat chord after a repetition of the march theme is interrupted by three hammer blows, symbolizing three blows of fate Tragic Symphony [or Mahler's Symphony no. 6 in A minor]
For 10 points, name this symphony by Gustav Mahler titled for its expression of despair. Tragic Symphony [or Mahler's Symphony no. 6 in A minor]
Like The Puritans, this opera contains a cavatina which begins with the words "Vieni fra queste braccia." One aria in this opera contains a prayer to God to "Protegge il adres mio," whcih follows the title invocation, "Deh, tu reggi in tal momento il mio The Thieving Magpie [or La Gazza Ladra]
This opera's overture switches from G major to E major and back, and uses two snare drum rolls to introduce its orchestra section The Thieving Magpie [or La Gazza Ladra]
Centering on a servant of Fabrizio who wishes to marry his son Gianetto, for 10 points, name this opera in which Ninetta is absolved of stealing a spoon actually taken by the title bird, composed by Giacchino Rossini. The Thieving Magpie [or La Gazza Ladra]
One of this composer's works contains a B section intermezzo in G sharp, and was commissioned by Artur Rubinstein Manuel de Falla y Matheu
Besides Fantasia baetica, this composer's harpsichord concerto was commissioned by Wanda Landowska Manuel de Falla y Matheu
This composer never completed his cantata Atlantida, and included movements titled "Will o' the Wisp," "The Dance of Terror," and "Ritual Fire Dance" in a ballet about Carmelo's love for Candelas Manuel de Falla y Matheu
This composer wrote a set of three symphonic impressions including "In the Generalife," and composed a piece about a miller based on a story by Alarcon Manuel de Falla y Matheu
For 10 points, name this Spanish composer of Love, The Magician and The Three-Cornered Hat. Manuel de Falla y Matheu
An opera of the this name by Domenico Monleone prompted a lawsuit from the composer of the more famous version Cavalleria Rusticana [or Rustic Chivalry]
Villagers sing "Gli arancio olezzano" near the beginning of this work, whose protagonist sings an aria describing one character as "as lovely as the bright blossoms of spring." This opera's aria "Vio lo sapete" contains Santuzza's confession of her adulte Cavalleria Rusticana [or Rustic Chivalry]
Alfio's refusal provokes a duel between him and Turridu Cavalleria Rusticana [or Rustic Chivalry]
Based on a short story by Giovanni Verga, for 10 points, name this verismo opera by Pietro Mascagni often performed with Leoncavallo's I Pagliacci. Cavalleria Rusticana [or Rustic Chivalry]
One character in this opera sings "we fight, we die / and if we do not fight, we die" in an aria titled "I Am No One." This opera ends with one character singing "How much of what we did was good?", and its second act includes a performance of one of the Nixon In China
Its title character sings "News Has a Kind of Mystery" after a giant plane descends from the ceiling in its first scene Nixon In China
With a libretto written by Alice Goodman, its third act features a foxtrot later adapted into the Chairman Dances Nixon In China
Including characters like the soprano Pat and the baritone Chou En-lai, for 10 points, name this opera by John Adams about a president's visit to a Communist country. Nixon In China
The middle section of this work draws briefly from the composer's once-thought-to-be-destroyed Messe solennelle, and uses an oboe and an English horn to represent a franz des vaches Symphonie Fantastique [or Fantasy Symphony; or An Episode in the Life of the Artist]
One section of this work was adapted from a march in the composer's earlier Les Francs Juges, and concludes with funeral bells tolling a parody of the Dies Irae Symphonie Fantastique [or Fantasy Symphony; or An Episode in the Life of the Artist]
In its fourth movement, plucked strings represent a severed head skipping to the ground after the falling of a guillotine Symphonie Fantastique [or Fantasy Symphony; or An Episode in the Life of the Artist]
At its premiere, its composer handed out a program describing this work's recurring idée fixe Symphonie Fantastique [or Fantasy Symphony; or An Episode in the Life of the Artist]
Containing sections like "Reveries-Passions," "A Ball," and "Dream of a Witches' Sabbath," for 10 points, name this symphony by Hector Berlioz. Symphonie Fantastique [or Fantasy Symphony; or An Episode in the Life of the Artist]
The 3rd Book of the Lady's Banquet contains the first publication of any part of this work, whose latter portion may have been used for the ballet of the knights in its composer's opera Amadigi Water Music
Usually grouped into a suite in F featuring horns, followed by suites showcasing trumpets and flutes respectively, it opens with a French overture featuring two solo violins Water Music
Its nineteen sections include a Riguadon, two Bourées, and three Hornpipes, or sailor's dances Water Music
It drew two encores at its outdoor premiere, for which the Prince of Wales was absent Water Music
For 10 points, name this set of instrumental works by George Friedrich Handel, first performed in 1717 for King George on a barge sailing up the Thames River. Water Music
In the first act of this opera, one character asks his wife for a meal after singing "Rallalala, rallalala, Hunger ist der beste Koch." Its second act ends with the Dream Pantomime, in which fourteen angels descend from a ladder to protect the main charac Hansel and Gretel [or Hansel und Gretel]
In the third act, the antagonist sings "Hurr, hopp, hopp, hopp" after discovering the title characters, who are awakened by the Dewman Hansel and Gretel [or Hansel und Gretel]
This opera's Hexenritt represents the ride of the antagonist, who enchants the children of Peter the Broomman after they sing the Gingerbread Waltz Hansel and Gretel [or Hansel und Gretel]
Climaxing with the explosion of the Witch in an oven, for 10 points, name this opera by Engelbert Humperdinck based on a German fairy tale. Hansel and Gretel [or Hansel und Gretel]
The idea for work's fifth movement came from it's composer's unpublished Fêtes des belles eaux Quartet for the End of Time [or Quatuor pour la fin du temps]
Its third movement requires notes to be sustained from ppp to fff to create the effect of an abyss Quartet for the End of Time [or Quatuor pour la fin du temps]
In this piece's first movement, the cello repeats a fifteen-note melody of five pitches while the violin and clarinet respectively imitate a nightingale and blackbird Quartet for the End of Time [or Quatuor pour la fin du temps]
Performers of this piece imitate gongs and trumpets in its sixth movement, a "Dance of Fury." Ending with a movement titled "Praise to the immortality of Jesus," it represents an apocalyptic angel who comes to announce the title event Quartet for the End of Time [or Quatuor pour la fin du temps]
First premiered at Stalag 8A near the POW camp of Görlitz, for 10 points, name this quartet by Olivier Messiaen. Quartet for the End of Time [or Quatuor pour la fin du temps]
In one of this composer's works, an allegro vivo theme represents a green coat and red shoes being made on a poplar branch Antonin Dvorak
This composer wrote an opera about the exiled Bohuš, who returns to his father in Paris, called The Jacobin, as well as symphonic variations on "The Fiddler." This composer's piano music includes two sets of Silhouettes and a cycle of Humoresques, and he Antonin Dvorak
This composer's fourth piano trio is known as "Dumky," and he incorporated the spiritual "Goin' Home" in a symphony that used the pentatonic scale and snap rhythms to represent Native Americans Antonin Dvorak
For 10 points, name the composer of the American string quartet the symphony From the New World. Antonin Dvorak
This composer featured three yodelers and four horns in Abendzauber for solo Baritone and Chorus, and one of his two Aequale for trombone trio was inspired by the death of his godmother, Rosalie Mayrhofer Anton Bruckner
Otto Kitzler's influence is present in this composer's Study Symphony in F minor, and the line "The mouth of the righteous instructor utters wisdom" opens another of his works set mostly in the Lydian mode Anton Bruckner
In addition to Os Justi, his choral works include a seven-part Ave Maria and a "Qui Tollis" from his E-minor requiem, both of which were quoted in Die Nullte, his Zeroth Symphony Anton Bruckner
For 10 points, name this Austrian composer whose Fourth Symphony is known as the "Romantic." Anton Bruckner
William Walton wrote a set of variations on the Andante from this composer's cello concerto Paul Hindemith
One of this composer's works opens with a Praeludium in C, includes a series of interludes and fugues, and ends with the Praeludium's retrograde inversion Paul Hindemith
Besides Ludus Tonalis, this author of The Craft of Musical Composition composed an opera based on E.T.A Paul Hindemith
Hoffmann's Mademoiselle de Scudéri, Cardillac Paul Hindemith
This composer wrote a requiem based on Whitman's "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd," as well as Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Von Weber Paul Hindemith
For 10 points, name this twentieth century German composer of an opera about the painter of the Isenheim Altarpiece, Mathis der Maler. Paul Hindemith
Hans von Bülow called this work a "law unto itself," and the composer of this work claimed that he put the piece together from a couple of entr'actes Brahms' Fourth Symphony in E minor
The recapitulation of the first movement begins with this work's only marking of 3 p's Brahms' Fourth Symphony in E minor
In the opening of this work, the violins play only in descending thirds and ascending sixths, though the woodwinds imitate those figures as chords, while the piccolo and triangle only play in the allegro giocoso third movement Brahms' Fourth Symphony in E minor
The aforementioned chains of falling thirds allude to the composer's song "O Death," while the fourth movement of this work is a set of thirty-two variations on the cantata Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich, originally thought to be composed by J.S Brahms' Fourth Symphony in E minor
Bach Brahms' Fourth Symphony in E minor
For 10 points, identify this work by the composer of the Academic Festival Overture which followed three others of the same genre. Brahms' Fourth Symphony in E minor
Brass and winds are played in short bursts of eighth notes over flashes of string to mimic laughter during its "Grotesque Dance of Dorcon." In addition to featuring fifteen distinct percussion instruments, a wordless chorus can be heard throughout this wo Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
The second section begins with the exhausting "warrior's dance" and ends with a divinely aided rescue from a pirate camp Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
A series of parallel fourths in the horns and a triplet pattern in the solo flute represent three statues coming to life in a sacred grotto during its opening Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
Its epilogue, featuring a group of women playing tambourines in a manic 5/4 rhythm and dressed as bacchantes, is preceded by the reunited title characters dancing a duet in honor of Syrinx and Pan Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
Commissioned by Diaghilev, its composer would later adapt this work as his Suites No Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
1 and No Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
2 for orchestra Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
For 10 points, identify this 1912 ballet based on a drama by Longus, a work by Maurice Ravel. Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
The title character of one of this man's operas sings the "Shadow Song" while chasing her pet goat, and he wrote an aria for soprano in which the insane Catherine is accompanied by Peter the Great on flute, "La, la, la, air chéri." This composer of Dinora Giacomo Meyerbeer
This composer of Margaret of Anjou also collaborated with Rossi on an opera in which the title characters both love Teobaldo, Romilda and Costanza Giacomo Meyerbeer
In one of this man's operas, an explosion kills the titular character, John de Leyden, and he wrote another in which Bertram offers the title character a magic bough and takes him to frolic with dead nuns, Robert le Diable Giacomo Meyerbeer
For 10 points, identify this composer of Les Huguenots and L'Africaine. Giacomo Meyerbeer
Three times in this work, the music suddenly stops The Miraculous Mandarin
Its second movement introduces a gentle oboe solo, while it opens with an orchestral depiction of an urban landscape which is interrupted by a clarinet solo and the beginning of a group of sections that its creator identified as "decoy games." Its compose The Miraculous Mandarin
In this musical adaptation, it is the girl's seductive dancing that results in the quick robbery of an old rake and a young man, which occurs before three loud trombone crashes symbolize the entrance of a more formidable, foreign character The Miraculous Mandarin
Written on the heels of its composer's The Wooden Prince, cymbals mark the three consecutive unsuccessful attempts on the titular figure's life The Miraculous Mandarin
For 10 points, identify this one act ballet named for a supernatural man from China, a work by Antonin Dvorak. The Miraculous Mandarin
At this work's first performance, confusion resulted when groups of performers were positioned in different galleries where they could not see each other Zadok the Priest [accept any of the other anthems if someone actually buzzes on the first clue]
The text used for this work had been previously set to music in 1660 by Henry Lawes Zadok the Priest [accept any of the other anthems if someone actually buzzes on the first clue]
Its composer stated, "I have read my Bible very well and shall choose for myself" in response to the bishops' wish to assign him texts Zadok the Priest [accept any of the other anthems if someone actually buzzes on the first clue]
Its middle section features the chorus repeating "Rejoice" over a dotted rhythm in the orchestra, and its opening section features the line "Nathan the Prophet anointed Solomon king" Zadok the Priest [accept any of the other anthems if someone actually buzzes on the first clue]
It was followed by Let Thy Hand Be Strengthened, The King Shall Rejoice, and My Heart is Inditing in the composer's set of four Coronation Anthems for George II Zadok the Priest [accept any of the other anthems if someone actually buzzes on the first clue]
For 10 points, name this Handel work named for a servant of King David. Zadok the Priest [accept any of the other anthems if someone actually buzzes on the first clue]
This work originally contained a soprano line setting Stefan George's translation of Baudelaire's poem De Profundis Clamavi in its final movement marked Largo Desolato Lyric Suite [or Lyrische Suite]
It ends with a melancholy movement where Tristan and Isolde is briefly quoted in the cello Lyric Suite [or Lyrische Suite]
The lengths of various sections and metronome markings are largely dictated by manipulations of the numbers 23 and 10, and the sequence A, B-flat, B, F is derived from the names of the subjects Lyric Suite [or Lyrische Suite]
It takes its title from a work composed by Alexander von Zemlinsky, and along with the Kammerkonzert, it marks the composer's transition to use of the twelve-tone system Lyric Suite [or Lyrische Suite]
Depicting the composer's adulterous affair with Franz Werfel's sister Hanna Fuchs-Robettin, for 10 points, name this 1927 work in six movements for string quartet, by Alban Berg. Lyric Suite [or Lyrische Suite]
An opera named for this work's composer claims that this work was inspired by angels and written in one night shortly after the death of its composer's wife Lukrezia Pope Marcellus Mass [accept The Requiem Mass for Pope Marcellus or Missa Papae Marcelli]
That opera by Hans Pfitzner sees this work recovered by its composer's pupil Silla and his son Ighino Pope Marcellus Mass [accept The Requiem Mass for Pope Marcellus or Missa Papae Marcelli]
Its composer structured the longer movements homophonically and deployed a slow contrapuntal technique Pope Marcellus Mass [accept The Requiem Mass for Pope Marcellus or Missa Papae Marcelli]
This work, which was first played at Cardinal Vitellozzi's home, included a dedication letter detailing its composer's "novo modorum genere", or "new stylistic approach." Its last section is scored for a countertenor and a treble rather than a tenor, and Pope Marcellus Mass [accept The Requiem Mass for Pope Marcellus or Missa Papae Marcelli]
Its Kyrie and Sanctus were written to show that imitation didn't have to obscure the content of the words and was presented to the Council of Trent Pope Marcellus Mass [accept The Requiem Mass for Pope Marcellus or Missa Papae Marcelli]
For 10 points, identify this work sometimes credited with saving polyphonic music, a mass dedicated to and named for a particular pope, which was composed by Giovanni Palestrina. Pope Marcellus Mass [accept The Requiem Mass for Pope Marcellus or Missa Papae Marcelli]
This composer's works for piano include a Fantasia on a theme of Hummel as well as the songs "The Pretty Girl No Longer Loves Me" and "The Sea Princess." This composer relied extensively on syncopation and dotted rhythms in his Symphony No Alexander Borodin
1, in E flat major Alexander Borodin
In another work, composed in D major, this composer represented himself as the cello and his wife Ekaterina as the first violin Alexander Borodin
That piece, the second of his two string quartets, preceded this man's Petite Suite, which was edited and orchestrated by Glazunov Alexander Borodin
Although he died before he could complete a third symphony, he did finish a certain "musical picture," for the anniversary of Alexander II, that sought to depict a caravan moving across the deserts of an exotic title location Alexander Borodin
For 10 points, identify this composer of the Polovtsian Dances, Prince Igor, and In the Steppes of Central Asia. Alexander Borodin
They include a piece interpolating a Neapolitan folksong, while another bases its rhythm on a Habanera in order to invoke a historic gate at the Alhambra Preludes
Still another uses a fragmented melody to depict a stark glacial landscape Preludes
That piece, the sixth of them, is marked "slow and sad." Another one quotes "God Save the Queen" and is dedicated to Samuel Pickwick.Collected in two books, they were composed between 1909 and 1913 and include works with such titles as "The Hills of Anaca Preludes
For 10 points, identify this set of 24 pieces for piano, by Claude Debussy. Preludes
In addition to three string quartets, this composer created a reflective piece for horn and clarinet called Summer Pastoral, as well as an Archaic Suite and a piece called Monopartita Arthur Honneger
A syncopated theme and fugal development characterize the opening section of this composer's Concertino for Piano and Orchestra Arthur Honneger
His symphonies, of which there are five in all, bear such nicknames as "Basel Delights" and "The Liturgical." Another work, referred to as "A Dramatic Psalm," featured a dance before the Ark and the defeat of Goliath; it was based on a drama by Rene Morat Arthur Honneger
His best known work appeared alongside another of the composer's tone poems, Rugby, and used abrupt rhythms and chords to mimic the motions and sounds of a train Arthur Honneger
For 10 points, identify this French composer of Pacific 231. Arthur Honneger
He left one of his earliest groups after they performed in the revue Strutting Along Coleman Hawkins
Through his work with Wilbur Sweatman, he met a collaborator with whom he would work for the next decade, producing an album that featured his first major recorded solo, Dirty Blues Coleman Hawkins
After achieving popularity with Fletcher Henderson's band, he toured Europe making many studio recordings with musicians like Django Reinhardt and Benny Carter and performing solos on songs like Crazy Rhythm Coleman Hawkins
His only collaboration with Duke Ellington appeared in 1962 with Impulse Records, and soon after he started to show signs of serious alcoholism Coleman Hawkins
Another highly influential solo of his, recorded in 1939 after years of playing it at Kelly's Stables, was Picasso Coleman Hawkins
For 10 points, identify this performer famous for Body and Soul, who, at the height of his popularity, led a group with Roy Eldridge and earned the title "Father of the Tenor Sax." Coleman Hawkins
Its composer termed the "Bourreaux de Solitude" sections "Commentaries" to avoid the thematic connotations of the term "variations." Its score contains the phrase "Oubli Signal lapide" referring to an earlier work by the same composer whose structural ele Le Marteau sans Maitre [or The Hammer without a Master; or The Unmastered Hammer]
To contrast with "sound-blocs" of its "L'Artisanat furieux" sections, its composer employed a serial technique with pitch and duration and it was the first of his works in which he introduced the idea of indeterminacy Le Marteau sans Maitre [or The Hammer without a Master; or The Unmastered Hammer]
Incorporating an alto flute, vibes, guitar, percussion, viola and a xylorimba, as well as an alto singer, it takes its name from a collection of poems by Rene Char Le Marteau sans Maitre [or The Hammer without a Master; or The Unmastered Hammer]
For 10 points, identify this major work of Pierre Boulez which depicts a workman's tool that is, presumably, accountable to none. Le Marteau sans Maitre [or The Hammer without a Master; or The Unmastered Hammer]
His opus one is a single-movement piano concerto in F-sharp minor Mily Balakirev
Songs by this composer include the "Song of Selim" and a work that would later be adapted as this composer's Scherzo No.3, the "Song of the Golden Fish." He gave the title 1000 Years to the second of his two overtures that he referred to as "a musical pic Mily Balakirev
The second of his two second symphonies features a Scherzo alla cosacca, or Cossack scherzo, and he composed incidental music for King Lear Mily Balakirev
A symphonic poem about a beautiful but evil princess was inspired by the poetry of Lermontov, while his first successes including an orchestration of the The Lark and a Piano Fantasia on Life for the Tsar were based on the work of his predecessor and insp Mily Balakirev
For 10 points, identify this composer of Tamara, who led the "Mighty Handful," and had an "oriental fantasy" called Islamey. Mily Balakirev
Efforts in this opera to lift the title character's spirits include the piano-accompanied "Lieben, hassen" and a quartet sung by four men with a coloratura soprano descant Ariadne auf Naxos
That coloratura soprano role is best known for the massive aria "Grossmächtige Prinzessin!", in which she lists men who have seduced her, to which the title character responds by withdrawing into her cave Ariadne auf Naxos
The title location disappears upon the appearance of a certain god, and the Prologue to the opera, not included in its original version, ends with the Composer singing "Musik ist eine heilige Kunst." Zerbinetta and four commedia dell'arte characters star Ariadne auf Naxos
For 10 points, identify this opera with libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal, a work by Richard Strauss about the abandoned lover of Theseus. Ariadne auf Naxos
One of these pieces in G minor features a continuous tremolo of sixty-fourth and thirty-second notes and is entitled Preludio Etudes by Liszt (accept "Paganini Etudes" before "scherzando," prompt on "etudes" or "works by Liszt")
Another, marked "presto scherzando," which opens with a series of staccato grace notes, is frequently paired with Waldesrauschen and is called Gnomenreigen Etudes by Liszt (accept "Paganini Etudes" before "scherzando," prompt on "etudes" or "works by Liszt")
Those two, along with a D-flat one written on three staffs called Un Sospiro, are examples of ones marked "de Concert" Etudes by Liszt (accept "Paganini Etudes" before "scherzando," prompt on "etudes" or "works by Liszt")
A repeated D-sharp mimics the tinkling of a bell in one entitled La Campanella, and a famous set of them includes such titles as Harmonies du Soir, Feux Follets, and Mazeppa Etudes by Liszt (accept "Paganini Etudes" before "scherzando," prompt on "etudes" or "works by Liszt")
FTP, name these piano pieces by a Hungarian composer, collections of which are named the "Paganini" and the "Transcendental." Etudes by Liszt (accept "Paganini Etudes" before "scherzando," prompt on "etudes" or "works by Liszt")
This man wrote a collection of thirty-two pieces that each begin with a "stroke" from a Japanese temple instrument.The 17-piece collection For Times to Come accompanies a set of fifteen works, one of which requests the performers to fast in silence for fo Karlheinz Stockhausen
In addition to From the Seven Days, this composer wrote a piece based on the Book of Daniel called Song of the Youths, as well as Crossplay, a work scored for oboe, bass clarinet, piano, and three percussionists that was inspired by Messiaen.Michael, Eve, Karlheinz Stockhausen
A proponent of "formula composition" and "punctual" music, for 10 points, name this German composer of Helicopter String Quartet and Kontra-Punkte, whose opera cycle Licht is an example of his electronic music. Karlheinz Stockhausen
This work's second subject, in E major, introduces a moment of tranquility, but is soon overtaken by the rhythmic intensity of the main theme The "Waldstein" Sonata [or Sonata No. 21 in C major, Op. 53; accept either underlined part before it is mentioned]
In the finale, that main theme, a seven note melody, begins quieter, then transforms into ecstatic celebration, and is marked Rondo (Allegretto moderato) The "Waldstein" Sonata [or Sonata No. 21 in C major, Op. 53; accept either underlined part before it is mentioned]
This work, which opens with a pulsating progression, originally included an Andante favori at the beginning of the final movement, but this was a replaced by a shorter Adagio introduction The "Waldstein" Sonata [or Sonata No. 21 in C major, Op. 53; accept either underlined part before it is mentioned]
Its composition was preceded by the composer's acquisition of an Erard fortepiano in 1803 The "Waldstein" Sonata [or Sonata No. 21 in C major, Op. 53; accept either underlined part before it is mentioned]
For 10 points, identify this work in C major, Beethoven's Sonata 21, dedicated to and named for Count Ferdinand Ernst, the composer's then patron. The "Waldstein" Sonata [or Sonata No. 21 in C major, Op. 53; accept either underlined part before it is mentioned]
One of these works finishes with a movement marked Alla breve that is preceded by a brief cadenza Rachmaninoff's Concertos for Piano
Another, written while its composer was still a student, opens with portentous horn declarations and a cascade of chords meant to evoke the pealing of bells Rachmaninoff's Concertos for Piano
Yet another one of them is prefaced by eight stark chords at the beginning and includes a soaring second theme in E flat Rachmaninoff's Concertos for Piano
That piece, which featured an "Oriental" second subject later popularized by the song "Full Moon and Empty Arms," was completed soon after the composer began visiting the hypnotist Nikolas Dahl Rachmaninoff's Concertos for Piano
Although the first one remained unfinished, by 1909 the third and final one had been completed Rachmaninoff's Concertos for Piano
For 10 points, identify this set of works for a certain instrument by the composer of The Isle of the Dead. Rachmaninoff's Concertos for Piano
This composer used a scherzo in 7/4 time to set a hymn with the refrain "Brothers rise and join the throng," "Song of the Frogs." This composer incorporated the folk song "If All the World Were Paper" into the allegro movement of his Opus 40, A Fugal Conc GustavHolst
In one of his works, a mixed chorus sings agitated pleas in 5/4 time, and is answered in 5/2 time by a reassuring "master," who sings "I am Mind of all." He composed "Dance of the Marionette" and "Dance Under the Cherry Tree" for a work commissioned by Mi GustavHolst
This composer used an anvil to provide the rhythm of his "Song of the Blacksmith," the third movement of a suite ending with a "Fantasy on the Dargason," the Second Suite for Military Band GustavHolst
He adapted gnostic texts from the Apocryphal Acts of St John into his Hymn of Jesus, and composed a tone poem named for a location in The Return of the Native GustavHolst
For 10 points, name this English composer of Egdon Heath, St GustavHolst
Paul's Suite, and The Planets. GustavHolst
This opera parodies oversentimentality in its arias "Vorrei dir" and "Smanie implacibili." A bass in this opera sings "Io crepo se non rido" and undercuts a farewell scene by laughing during its quintet "Di scrivermi ogni giorno." After being given a lock Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti [or Thus Do They All or All Women Are Like That or clear-knowledge equivalents]
During the first act's final scene, extended woodwind trills play when a fake doctor based on Franz Mesmer uses a huge magnet on two characters who pretend to poison themselves Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti [or Thus Do They All or All Women Are Like That or clear-knowledge equivalents]
A soprano in this opera compares herself to a rock in the aria "Come scoglio," but is eventually seduced after being encouraged by her maid, Despina Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti [or Thus Do They All or All Women Are Like That or clear-knowledge equivalents]
In this opera's first scene, Ferrando and Guglielmo swear that their fiances will be eternally faithful to them, but after disguising themselves and successfully seducing Fiordiligi and Dorabella, they lose a bet to the cynical Don Alfonso Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti [or Thus Do They All or All Women Are Like That or clear-knowledge equivalents]
Subtitled "The School for Lovers," for 10 points, name this opera buffa by Mozart, whose title roughly translates to "they're all like that." Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti [or Thus Do They All or All Women Are Like That or clear-knowledge equivalents]
The third section begins in the F sharp minor key and introduces the theme of a musical conversation Concierto de Aranjuez
The second, more melancholy movement, inspired by laments sung during Holy Week, pairs the featured instrument with an English horn and is marked Adagio Concierto de Aranjuez
Its opening begins by alternating between a 6/8 signature and accompanying passages in 3/4 and was based on traditional folk dances such as the fandango Concierto de Aranjuez
Often performed alongside its composer's later success, Fantasy for a Gentleman, this work for guitar and orchestra was adapted by Miles Davis in his Sketches of Spain Concierto de Aranjuez
For 10 points, identify this 1940 composition named for the location of Philip II's spring resort, the masterpiece of Joaquin Rodrigo. Concierto de Aranjuez
The fourth section includes a lusty tavern song that was originally intended for voice but is usually played by a wind instrument and is set against a backdrop of sleighbells Lt. Kije Suite
The second section, which features a dark melancholy theme, is typically played by a double bass or the saxophone Lt. Kije Suite
Beginning with an offstage fanfare for cornet, its fifth and final part, "The Internment," ends with a muted trumpet, but is preceded by melodies from the other movements recalling the titular figure's career Lt. Kije Suite
Due to translation issues, it was originally released in the United States as the score to a film by Alexander Feinzimmer called The Czar Wants to Dance Lt. Kije Suite
For 10 points, identify this satirical work about a non-existent soldier, a suite by Sergei Prokofiev. Lt. Kije Suite
Originally begun as a Fantasie, it eventually assumed a three movement structure with a "cyclic" theme Symphony on a French Mountain Air [or Symphonie sur un chant montagnard francais or Symphonie Cevenole]
Its final section includes a movement marked by a rowdy peasant dance and is marked Anime Symphony on a French Mountain Air [or Symphonie sur un chant montagnard francais or Symphonie Cevenole]
It begins with an atmospheric tremolo played by an English horn that spreads with an infectious lift to the woodwinds, and is meant to recall a shepherd's tune the composer heard on his walks through the countryside Symphony on a French Mountain Air [or Symphonie sur un chant montagnard francais or Symphonie Cevenole]
The composer's decision to incorporate certain instruments echoes the decisions of his teacher Cesar Franck Symphony on a French Mountain Air [or Symphonie sur un chant montagnard francais or Symphonie Cevenole]
Completed in 1886, it was inspired by the composer's trip to a villa in Faugs from where he could glimpse the highest peak of the nearby Alps Symphony on a French Mountain Air [or Symphonie sur un chant montagnard francais or Symphonie Cevenole]
For 10 points, identify this work for piano and orchestra, the masterpiece of Vincent D'Indy. Symphony on a French Mountain Air [or Symphonie sur un chant montagnard francais or Symphonie Cevenole]
This composer's choral music included such songs as "The Renegade," and "My Star," but he could also do secular music, as in the Shakespeare Festival March Bedrich Smetana
He wrote a concert etude for piano, On the Seashore, in the same year as his symphonic poem about a vassal of Harold Bluetooth, Hakon Jarl Bedrich Smetana
His final opera, which dealt with a monarch's wish to destroy a legendary dam, was called The Devil's Wall Bedrich Smetana
Both "The Dance of the Comedians" and the aria, "Is it Possible," appear in his opera about Hans' struggle to best Wenzel for the hand of Marie Bedrich Smetana
That work was preceded by the story of Jira in The Brandenburgers in Bohemia Bedrich Smetana
For 10 points, identify this composer whose best known work is composed of such tone poems as "Tabor," "Blanik,"and "The Moldau, and is collectively entitled Ma Vlast. Bedrich Smetana
In a letter to his publisher, their creator called them "an intimate slice of life." Yet, in such works as "Sylfide," with its quick 3/4 time tempo, they also alluded to the myths and stories of the composer's homeland Lyric Pieces
They included such melancholy works as "Ballad" as well as a work dedicated to the composer's wife Nina and known as "Erotikon." "Sailor's Song" was meant to be played quickly and aggressively, while "To Spring," the final part of the composer's Opus 43, Lyric Pieces
Written over the course of the composer's entire career, by 1901 when the tenth and final suite was released, sixty six of them had been completed, including the notable pair, "The March of the Dwarves" and "Wedding at Troldhaugen." For 10 points, identif Lyric Pieces
One composer from this country wrote a violin fantasy on the opera Carmen Kingdom of Spain [or España]
One composer from this country dedicated a five-instrument concerto to Wanda Landowska and wrote the Atlantis cantata Kingdom of Spain [or España]
One composer from this country wrote a difficult four-book piano suite opening with an A-minor “evocation” of this nation, and one “symphonie” set in this country was written by Édouard Lalo Kingdom of Spain [or España]
This country was the setting of a ballet in which the miller and his wife trick a magistrate Kingdom of Spain [or España]
Iberia and The Three-Cornered Hat were set in, for 10 points, what country, whose classical music was composed by Manuel de Falla? Kingdom of Spain [or España]
The beginning of this composition sees the strings play col legno a rhythmic ostinato that consists of an eighth-note triplet, two quarter notes, two eighth notes and then another quarter note Mars:The Bringer of WarÂ
The main melody of this piece is carried for the majority of the piece by the brass section, and it climaxes with a shift into 5/2 meter on a dissonant quadruple forte chord Mars:The Bringer of WarÂ
As part of a suite containing seven pieces, this piece in 5/4 time is contrasted with the calmer last movement, which is subtitled “The Mystic.” For 10 points, name this first movement of Gustav Holst's The Planets, subtitled “The Bringer of War.” Mars:The Bringer of WarÂ
A pair of horns in this piece was supposed to recapitulate a theme in C major, but was replaced by its composer in that section by bassoons Beethoven's Fifth Symphony in C minor [accept Fifth Symphony after Beethoven is mentioned]
29 C major chords end this symphony whose first movement contains a brief oboe cadenza and whose third movement scherzo transitions into the finale Beethoven's Fifth Symphony in C minor [accept Fifth Symphony after Beethoven is mentioned]
This symphony's most notable feature also appears in its composer's Appassionata sonata, and is played in E flat major after several imitations of the notes G-G-G-E flat, which is commonly described as “Fate knocking at the door.” For 10 points, name Beethoven's Fifth Symphony in C minor [accept Fifth Symphony after Beethoven is mentioned]
In the second act of this opera, one character returns a gold coin to another Carmen
That act opens at the inn of Lillas Pastia and sees Dancaïre and Remendado inform the title character that they must dispose of their contraband Carmen
The “Card Song” plays in this opera's third act and is sung by the protagonist's friends Frasquita and Mercédès, after the male protagonist sings the “Flower Song.” The “Toreador” song is sung by the bullfighter Escamillo, who is shot at by Carmen
One of this man's early works was a Clarinet Sonata that no clarinet players were willing to play John Milton Cage Jr.
Like this man's String Quartet in Four Parts, Indian themes were prevalent in one of his ballets which used the gamut technique and was choreographed for Merce Cunningham John Milton Cage Jr.
Besides Sonatas and Interludes and The Seasons, this man wrote the 64 by 64, I Ching-inspired, four part Music of Changes for solo piano, to which he added cymbals and two phonographs for the first of his five Imaginary Landscapes John Milton Cage Jr.
This composer also wrote a three-movement piece whose only sounds come from the environment John Milton Cage Jr.
For 10 points, name this composer of 4'33'' (four, thirty-three). John Milton Cage Jr.
In one work by this composer, title character consumes poison after singing "Senza Mamma" to lament her son's death Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini
This composer wrote an aria in which Rinuccio's lover Lauretta pleads with her father Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini
In addition to composing “O mio babbino caro” in Gianni Schicchi, he created a work whose title character sings "I have lived for love" in "Vissi d'arte," but commits suicide after murdering Baron Scarpia Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini
Another of his operas features Mimi and Rodolpho, who live in the Latin Quarter Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini
For 10 points, identify this composer of Tosca and La Boheme. Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini
Gamelan music from Java was the inspiration for this composer's only String Quartet in G minor Achille-Claude Debussy
“Footsteps in the Snow,” “The Sunken Cathedral,” and “The Girl with the Flaxen Hair” all appear in his first set of Préludes Achille-Claude Debussy
A parody of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde appears in this composer's “Golliwogg's Cakewalk,” part of his Children's Corner suite Achille-Claude Debussy
This composer composed a work in which a harp plays a dreamy theme after a descending chromatic scale in a flute introduction, which was inspired by a Mallarmé poem Achille-Claude Debussy
For 10 points, name this French composer of “Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun” and “Claire de Lune.” Achille-Claude Debussy
One portion of the first part of this work opens with the direction “With sudden rapture” and concludes with a 36-measure B-flat pedal-point reprise of the opening section Mahler's Symphony No. 8 in E-flat major [or “Symphony of a Thousand;” prompt on Symphony No. 8 before Mahler is read]
The finale of the first part features a boys' choir joined by the full ensemble singing “Gloria Patri,” a motif featured again in the second part, which ends with a pianissimo build-up called “The Sacred Feminine draws us up” and another reprise o Mahler's Symphony No. 8 in E-flat major [or “Symphony of a Thousand;” prompt on Symphony No. 8 before Mahler is read]
One ballet by this composer includes the songs “I ride an old paint,” “McLeod's Reel,” and William H.  Stepp's version of “Bonaparte's Retreat.” Another ballet by this composer uses a C# bass line in its “Celebration Dance,” which follows Aaron Copland
This composer used five variations on a Shaker theme for the melody “Simple Gifts” in a ballet set in Pennsylvania Aaron Copland
For 10 points, name this composer of Rodeo, Billy the Kid, and Appalachian Spring. Aaron Copland
This composer's only oratorio includes grieving Bethulian women and depicts Judith beheading Holofernes Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
This composer used solo violins in his collection La stravaganza and 1, 2, and 4 violins for various movements in his 12 concerto collection L'estro Armonico Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
This composer wrote “Pleasure” and “The Hunt” for another collection, The Contest Between Harmony and Invention, whose first four movements are accompanied by sonnets describing a barking dog, an icy wind, and a sleeping goatherd in a meadow Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
For 10 points, name this composer who wrote The Four Seasons. Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
One movement of this work depicts a scene from the ballet Trilby and is followed by a depiction of a conversation between “Two Jews: Rich and Poor.” In one movement in this work, the alto saxophone is played above a continuous bass, evoking a troubado Pictures at an Exhibition [or Kartinki s vystavki]
The first of this composer's four piano trios notably opens in B major and ends in B minor Johannes BrahmsÂ
The A-E-F motif dominates the Double Concerto in A minor of this composer, who created a work whose movements begin “for all flesh is grass” and “blessed are they that mourn,” a seven-movement piece with text from the Luther Bible Johannes BrahmsÂ
This man sought to balance his Tragic Overture with a joking work with the “Fuschlied” and “Gaudeamus igitur” songs, which celebrate student life at the University of Breslau Johannes BrahmsÂ
For 10 points, name this German composer of the German Requiem and Academic Festival Overture. Johannes BrahmsÂ
One opera by this composer begins with a prelude repeating “Open are the double doors of the horizon/Unlocked are its bolts.” That opera by this composer contains a second-act recitation of Psalm 104, following a duet in which the title character read Philip Morris Glass
Another opera by this composer contains an electric organ accompanying repeating countdowns as well as “All Men are Equal” and “Mr Philip Morris Glass
Bojangles” in its first “Trial,” which precedes the second of the five “knee plays.” For 10 points, name this minimalist composer of Satyagraha, Akhenaten, and Einstein on the Beach. Philip Morris Glass
This man wrote a cantata about a creature from Persian myth that tries to regain entrance into heaven Robert Alexander Schumann
This composer wrote a set of variations on his imaginary friend Meta Abegg Robert Alexander Schumann
This composer wrote his only cello concerto in A minor and dedicated to Frédéric Chopin his Kriesleriana Robert Alexander Schumann
One composition by this man contains quotations of “Grandfather's Dance” and he quoted from that work in his later piece Carnaval Robert Alexander Schumann
Of this man's four symphonies, the third opens powerfully like a fanfare in E-flat major and his first was written the year after he married Clara Robert Alexander Schumann
For 10 points, name this German composer of the Spring and Rhenish symphonies Robert Alexander Schumann
 Robert Alexander Schumann
This composer alternated E-flat major and minor chords to simulate questions and answers in the last of his three piano preludes George Gershwin
Walter Damrosch commissioned a piano concerto in F of this composer., who used bongos and maracas in his Cuban Overture and included four taxi horns in his tone poem An American in Paris George Gershwin
He composed the aria “Summertime” for a work set in Catfish Row with his brother Ira, and began another work with a clarinet glissando George Gershwin
For 10 points, name this American jazz-influenced composer of Porgy and Bess and Rhapsody in Blue. George Gershwin
In the rondo finale of the eighteenth of these works, the meter changes from 6/8 to 2/4 in the winds  Mozart's piano concertos [only piano concertos needed after mention of Mozart; prompt on “piano concertos” before that]
The ninth of these works is nicknamed “Jeunhomme,” and the final one is in B-flat, following one of these works with a second movement entirely lacking left hand portions  Mozart's piano concertos [only piano concertos needed after mention of Mozart; prompt on “piano concertos” before that]
Besides the “Coronation,” one of these works possesses a unique adagio in F-sharp minor, and yet another contains a Mannheim rocket in its final rondo following a peaceful, then furiously fast Romanze movement  Mozart's piano concertos [only piano concertos needed after mention of Mozart; prompt on “piano concertos” before that]
For 10 points, name this type of work for solo keyboard and orchestra, 27 of which were composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.  Mozart's piano concertos [only piano concertos needed after mention of Mozart; prompt on “piano concertos” before that]
One live album by this artist is titled for the Rodgers & Hart showtune My Funny Valentine Miles Dewey Davis III
One group led by  this man performed the first two renditions of Monk's “Straight, No Chaser,” and that sextet went on to release Porgy and Bess as part of this artist's collaboration with Gil Evans Miles Dewey Davis III
One of this man's albums contains “The Pan Piper” and “Concierto de Aranjuez,” and “Cannonball” Adderley and Herbie Hancock played in his quintets Miles Dewey Davis III
This artist released Bitches Brew and Sketches of Spain, and included “Flamenco Sketches,” “Freddie Freeloader,” and “So What” on his best known album Miles Dewey Davis III
For 10 points, name this jazz trumpeter who released Kind of Blue. Miles Dewey Davis III
A 24 bar Overtura opens a work split from this man's thirteenth string quartet, his Grosse Fugue Ludwig van BeethovenÂ
Variations by this composer include a set of twelve for cello and piano on Handel's “See the Conquering Hero Comes” and a set of thirty-three on a waltz by the Austrian music publisher Diabelli Ludwig van BeethovenÂ
One work by this composer contains a subject in E-flat minor in its Grave introduction, and an oft-played piano work by this composer opens with E-D sharp-E-D-sharp-E-B-D natural-C Ludwig van BeethovenÂ
For 10 points, name this composer of the Moonlight Sonata, Für Elise, and the Choral Symphony. Ludwig van BeethovenÂ
The first act of this opera contains the arias “Quale insolita gioia nel tuo sguardo,” and “Vieni, o diletta, appressati!” both of which are sung to the male lead, who goes to the temple of Vulcan to take up sacred arms Aida
In one scene of this opera, a character sings “Ahime! Morir me sento!” as one character is sent to be buried alive, and two more famous arias from this opera sung by its leads are “Ritorna Vincitor” and one praising the title character as heavenly Aida
This opera features Amonasro and the jealous Amneris, who pines for the love interest of the title Ethiopian princess Aida
Radames loves, for 10 points, the protagonist of what Verdi opera? Aida
David Humphreys suggested that a “Cosmic Allegory” unifies this work, while Alan Street claims that it was written in defense of criticisms made by Johannes Scheibe the Goldberg Variations
Its twenty-fifth section contains many chromatics and was nicknamed the “Black Pearl” by the person who recorded it first, while Jozef Koffler created an orchestral transcription for this work in 1938 the Goldberg Variations
Every third section in this work is a canon except the last, which contains two folk songs as a quodlibet the Goldberg Variations
Revived by Wanda Landowski, it helped bring success to its 1955 performer, Glenn Gould the Goldberg Variations
For 10 points, name this harpsichord collection consisting of an aria followed by thirty variations, published in 1741 by Johann Sebastian Bach. the Goldberg Variations
One work of this form in A-major incorporates a Recitativo-Fantasia and was written for Eugéne Ysaÿe by Cesar Franck violin sonatas [prompt on partial answer]
Schumann, Brahms, and Albert Dietrich collaborated on the F-A-E one, and the fifth one by Beethoven is popularly called the "Spring" due to its sunny disposition violin sonatas [prompt on partial answer]
Another of these works ends with a 6/8 tarantella in rondo form and was originally dedicated to George Bridgetower, but Bridgetower's drunken remarks convinced the composer to rename it. Tartini wrote an extremely technically demanding one called “Devi violin sonatas [prompt on partial answer]
For 10 points, name this genre of works for a string instrument, exemplified by Beethoven's “Kreutzer” one. violin sonatas [prompt on partial answer]
Philip Pickett has suggested an interpretation of this collection involving allegorical tableaux, the fifth section of which can be interpreted as Hercules's choice between Vice and Virtue Brandenburg Concertos [or Brandenburg Concerti; or Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 before “natural trumpet”]
One section of this collection may have intended for a bird flageolet or for two recorders tied together to be played when this work calls for a “fiauto d'echo,” or echo flute Brandenburg Concertos [or Brandenburg Concerti; or Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 before “natural trumpet”]
One solo in another part was likely written for an instrument built by Michael Mietke, and that harpsichord virtuosic solo appears in the fifth section of this work Brandenburg Concertos [or Brandenburg Concerti; or Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 before “natural trumpet”]
Its last section lacks violins, while the first section was expanded to be the only section with four movements in this work Brandenburg Concertos [or Brandenburg Concerti; or Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 before “natural trumpet”]
For 10 points, name this set of six concerti composed for a German margrave by Johann Sebastian Bach. Brandenburg Concertos [or Brandenburg Concerti; or Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 before “natural trumpet”]
The cantata The Heirs of White Mountain triggered fame in his homeland for this composer, whose Carnival Overture formed part of his Nature, Life, and Love trilogy Antonin Dvorak
In England, Joseph Barnby introduced his Stabat Mater, the first religious piece by this composer Antonin Dvorak
His only violin concerto was premiered by Joachim after that of Brahms Antonin Dvorak
He composed a work whose six movements is each a “fleeting thought.” A premiere by Victor Herbert convinced this composer to compose his second cello concerto in B minor, while time spent in Iowa convinced this composer of the American quartet, The Be Antonin Dvorak
For 10 points, name this Czech composer who composed a symphony From the New World. Antonin Dvorak
Schnittke used minor ninth and major seventh intervals extensively in his concerto for this instrument, which he wrote for Yuri Bashmet violas
Walton's concerto for this instrument includes many minor sixths, and ends in an ambiguous A major/minor chord violas
The first known concerto for this instrument is in G major and is by Telemann violas
Tibor Serly edited and completed Bartók's concerto for it after he died, after which it was premiered by William Primrose violas
Der Schwanendreher is a concerto for this instrument by Hindemith, himself a virtuoso of it, while Paganini refused to play the solo part in Berlioz's Harold en Italie on this instrument violas
For 10 points, name this string instrument, music for which is written in alto clef and whose size is slightly larger than that of a violin. violas
One of this man's protagonists dies when he blows up his palace after his mother Fides sings the aria “Ah my son.” In Act III of another of this composer's operas, a hurricane begins to rise as Nelusko sings a ballad about the monster Adamastor  Giacomo Meyerbeer
The protagonist of that opera by this man sings “O Paradise!” upon arriving in Selika's homeland  Giacomo Meyerbeer
This composer of operas about John of Leyden and Vasco da Gama created a work in which Bertram summons a ballet of debauched nuns to tempt the title character, who is engaged to Isabelle  Giacomo Meyerbeer
Another of his operas centers on Raoul de Nagis and culminates in the St  Giacomo Meyerbeer
Bartholomew's Day Massacre  Giacomo Meyerbeer
For 10 points, name this composer of such operas as Le Prophete, L'Africaine, Robert le Diable, and Les Huguenots.  Giacomo Meyerbeer
One opera by this man ends with the title character, planting his flag and basking in a golden light as a Te Deum plays; earlier, that title character, whose conscience is a separate character, had quelled a sailors' revolt and fought through storms whipp Darius Milhaud
This man collaborated with Paul Claudel on that opera, Christophe Colomb Darius Milhaud
Another of his works is titled for a Brazilian tango and features a rondo theme repeated twelve times in twelve keys; that ballet by this man is set in a speakeasy and sees a policeman decapitated by a ceiling fan Darius Milhaud
Fernand Leger designed the costumes and set for a ballet by this man that was inspired by jazz and African folk mythology Darius Milhaud
For 10 points, identify this member of Les Six who composed The Ox on the Roof and La Création du Monde. Darius Milhaud
Nicholas Cook suggests that “sheer perversity” is the reason why the composer of this work chose to compose a difficult, chromatic solo for the fourth horn in its third movement Beethoven's Ninth Symphony [accept Choral Symphony before mention]
The return of the timpani ends the trio section of its second movement, while a coda with an ostinato in the cellos and basses ends the first movement Beethoven's Ninth Symphony [accept Choral Symphony before mention]
Wagner dubbed the opening of its fourth movement “Schrenkensfanfare,” while “hammer-blow” octaves open its second movement “Scherzo.” However, most notable is the movements that follows the third movement “Adagio” and is scored for four so Beethoven's Ninth Symphony [accept Choral Symphony before mention]
For 10 points, name this “Choral” final symphony of Beethoven's which contains a setting of Schiller's “Ode to Joy”? Beethoven's Ninth Symphony [accept Choral Symphony before mention]
One work by this composer is considered one of the most technically demanding of its kind and has a notable second movement with quick glissandi, but ends in its fourth with an unusual use of the rare Locrian mode Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
This man's other compositions include an E-minor work dedicated to Rostropovich, and a suite that contains a movement entitled “The Glorious Departure of Lolli and the Cortège of the Sun.” Besides his Symphony-Concerto and Scythian Suite, he also com Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
He imitated Haydn in his Classical Symphony Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
For 10 points, name this Russian composer of The Love for Three Oranges and the Lieutenant Kije suite. Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
This composer wrote a symphonic suite in which the fairy Gul-Nazar rescues a gazelle from a bird Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
One of his works uses the unusual time signatures 2/1 and 3/1 in its final movement, and its Andante lugubre first movement alternates a woodwind theme with a cello rendition of the hymn "An Angel Cried Out." The fourth movement of one work by this compos Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
That work's third movement nearly repeats its first save in key and instrumentation, an asturian dance Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
For 10 points, name this composer of Russian Easter Overture and Capriccio Espagnol as well as a suite with movements like "The Kalendar Prince" and "The Sea and Sinbad's Ship" called Scheherezade. Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
This man composed choral work based on a colinda about sons turned into stags called “Cantata Profana.” The piano suite Out of Doors was completed by this composer of the trio Contrasts and the solo piano piece “Allegro barbaro.” A third piano con Bela Bartok
A plucked string that rebounds off the fingerboard is known as his “pizzicato,” while “Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm” are part of his set of 153 piano pieces Bela Bartok
The composer of Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta, this is, for 10 points, which Hungarian composer of Concerto for Orchestra and Mikrokosmos? Bela Bartok
In one work, this composer used the mourning chorus “Pace alla tua bell'amina” to interrupt the duet “Stolto! a un sol mio grido,” which was about to lead to a duel between Tebaldo and Romeo Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini
He required another opera's primary tenor to hit the F above high C; that opera by this man sees Elvira go crazy after the Royalist Arturo becomes a fugitive Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini
This composer of I Capuleti e i Montecchi also created a work in which Elvino refuses to believe in Amina's innocence until she crosses the dangerous mill bridge, proving she's the title character Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini
The title character sings “Casta Diva” in an opera by this man which sees Adalgisa's lover Pollione jump onto the title Druid priestess's funeral pyre Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini
For 10 points, name this Italian composer of I Puritani, La Sonnambula, and Norma. Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini
This piece's second movement was described by Franz Liszt as “a flower between two chasms,” and that scherzo movement switches over to the major key and repeats its short melody twenty times throughout the piece “Moonlight Sonata” [or Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-Sharp Minor “Quasi una fantasia”]
This work's mostly pianissimo first movement is instructed to be played with the sustain pedal depressed the entire time, and consists of both a theme which is accented at the beginning of each measure and a constant ostinato triplet motive “Moonlight Sonata” [or Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-Sharp Minor “Quasi una fantasia”]
This piece's third movement uses a plethora of sforzando notes which gives this piano section a stormy quality and is given the tempo marking “presto agitato.” For 10 points, identify this C-minor “Quasi una fantasia” work by Beethoven that was gi “Moonlight Sonata” [or Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-Sharp Minor “Quasi una fantasia”]
This symphony features an oboe melody set against a round in its fourth movement, which is cited in Adorno's Physiognomik as the first example of its composer's namesake counterpoint Mahler's Symphony No. 1 in D-Major,“Titan” [do not accept the first underlined part after “Gustav”]
The “Landler” country dance is the basis for this work's second movement, which opens with a cuckoo's song played as an interval of a fourth as opposed to the usual interval of a third Mahler's Symphony No. 1 in D-Major,“Titan” [do not accept the first underlined part after “Gustav”]
Its composer described its finale as “the cry of a wounded heart” and requested that its seven horns stand up at its end, while its Blumine movement is often omitted Mahler's Symphony No. 1 in D-Major,“Titan” [do not accept the first underlined part after “Gustav”]
Its third movement, a funeral march, is based on the themes from “Frere Jacques.” Parts of the first and third movements draw from its composer's Songs of a Wayfarer Mahler's Symphony No. 1 in D-Major,“Titan” [do not accept the first underlined part after “Gustav”]
For 10 points, which D-major musical work, the first by Gustav Mahler? Mahler's Symphony No. 1 in D-Major,“Titan” [do not accept the first underlined part after “Gustav”]
During rehearsals for the premiere of this work, the violinists tied handkerchiefs to their bows as a sign of protest La Mer [accept The Sea before “sea”]
One section of this work sees horns and cellos divided into four different parts, while its third section contained brass fanfares which were deleted at the suggestion of Varese La Mer [accept The Sea before “sea”]
Opening in 6/8, a violin solo appears roughly sixty bars into this piece following the Tres lent introduction La Mer [accept The Sea before “sea”]
Daybreak is represented by the tremolo in the strings that coincides with the establishment of the D-flat major key in the first movement of this work, of which Satie “particularly liked the bit at a quarter to eleven.” “Play of the Waves” and “ La Mer [accept The Sea before “sea”]
Vincent Persichetti's Parables XIV and XXV were written for this instrument, which has a secondary solo role in Shostakovich's First Piano Concerto. Three of them are employed at the opening of Ashkenazy's orchestration of Pictures at an Exhibition, as o trumpet
Joseph Hummel wrote a concerto for this instrument for Anton Weidinger, for whom another pioneering work for this instrument was written to utilize a "keyed" version to access low-register chromatic notes not on the overtone scale trumpet
It is featured in a notable Concerto in E-flat by Joseph Haydn trumpet
The titular five-note query in Charles Ives' The Unanswered Question is played by this instrument trumpet
For 10 points, name this valved brass instrument, whose jazz virtuosi include Louis Armstrong. trumpet
In the second act of one of this man's works, one character pretends to be the student Pereda and listens to the gypsy Preziosilla sing “Al suon del tamburo.” In the final act of that work by this man, one character sings “Pace, pace mio Dio” befo Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
In addition to that work about the lovers Leonora and Alvaro, this man composed an opera whose title character rescues Fenena after promising to restore the Temple in “Dio di Giuda;” that opera also contains the Hebrew slave chorus “Va, pensiero.” Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
For 10 points, identify this composer of La Forza del Destino, Nabucco and Aida. Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
One part of this work sees a speaker describe the “Fourth of July plumes” on a selection of “red and yellow and blue” bathing caps Einstein on the Beach
That Lucinda Childs text is recited from a bed during this work's passage “Prematurely Air-Conditioned Supermarket,” which is followed in its “Prison” section by passages about Mr Einstein on the Beach
Bojangles and quotes from Carole King's “I Feel the Earth Move.” Many songs in this work consist of repetitions of solfege syllables and numbers, while others contain poetry by Christopher Knowles Einstein on the Beach
Its three major sections are called “Train,” “Trial,” and “Field/Spaceship;” those sections are broken up by its so-called “knee plays.” For 10 points, identify this five-hour-long opera about a scientist, the first “portrait” opera by Einstein on the Beach
This composer met Enrico Fermi on a trip to a country which inspired a work that utilizes Dies Irae in its movement Butantan Ottorino Respighi
That work, Brazilian Impressions, is one of his tone poems, along with Church Windows Ottorino Respighi
One of his operas takes its title from a demon that represents the deadly sin of slothfulness Ottorino Respighi
Another of this composer's works contains a movement in which Christian hymns are heard against the growls of vicious animals, called “Circuses.” Another work by this composer of Belphegor and Ancient Airs and Dances is dedicated to the title structur Ottorino Respighi
For 10 points, name this composer of Roman Festivals, Fountains of Rome, and Pines of Rome. Ottorino Respighi
The first act of this opera sees an Italian tenor perform the aria “Di rigori armato” for one of the central characters until he is interrupted by another character's heated argument with an attorney over wedding gift etiquette Der Rosenkavalier [or The Knight of the Rose]
Three central characters sing the third act trio “Hab' mir's gelobt” in this opera, which opens with one character hiding from the chocolate-bearing servant Mohammed Der Rosenkavalier [or The Knight of the Rose]
A male character courts the antagonist of this opera in the guise of the servant girl Mariandel Der Rosenkavalier [or The Knight of the Rose]
After helping trick Baron Ochs into releasing his engagement, the aging Marschallin allows Octavian to pursue the younger Sophie Der Rosenkavalier [or The Knight of the Rose]
For 10 points, name this opera in which Octavian falls in love with Sophie after ritually presenting her with the title flower on behalf of Baron Ochs, a comic opera by Richard Strauss. Der Rosenkavalier [or The Knight of the Rose]
This man's counterpoint teacher, André Gedalge, was the dedicatee of an A-minor piece by this man that includes movements like “Modéré,” “Pantoum,” and “Passacaille.” This creator of a notable Piano Trio included movements like “Night Mot Joseph-Maurice Ravel
This composer wrote a piano piece in which each movement is based on an Aloysius Bertrand poem, which was written to be more difficult to play than Balakirev's Islamey Joseph-Maurice Ravel
This composer of Gaspard de la nuit also wrote an impressionistic ballet based on a Longus romance, while his most famous work builds up to a crescendo as a repetitive ostinato rhythm is played on the snare drums Joseph-Maurice Ravel
For 10 points, name this French composer of Daphnis et Chloe and Bolero. Joseph-Maurice Ravel
Leopold Godowsky composed a passacaglia with 44 variations on the opening theme of this work, most later scores of which seem to be based off of the score published by Spina rather than the original monograph the Unfinished Symphony
Most drafts omit the sustained B pedal in the first horn and second bassoon at bar 109 in this piece, which open in the cellos and basses before its theme is brought in by the winds the Unfinished Symphony
A solo clarinet entrance brings in a second theme before passing to the oboes in the second movement of this work, during which its composer began composing the “Wanderer” Fantasy as well the Unfinished Symphony
It was first premiered by Johann Herbeck, who also added a third movement as a finale the Unfinished Symphony
For 10 points, name this eighth work by Schubert, so named for only containing two complete movements. the Unfinished Symphony
A scene in this work at the Gate of Wisdom sees a priest convince the protagonist that women have trivial opinions The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberfloete]
In one of its scenes, a character falsely claims that he rescued the protagonist from a snake, after which three women hand the liar a rock and padlock his mouth shut The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberfloete]
This opera features the famous “Tremble not, my dear son” aria, and its incredibly demanding aria “Der Hoelle Rache” requires a range up to F6 for its soprano role The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberfloete]
A man dressed in bird's feathers in this opera is Papageno, who is a servant of the villain The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberfloete]
The plot of this opera centers on the love of Tamino for the maid Pamina, and the attempts to thwart the relationship by the Queen of the Night The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberfloete]
For 10 points, name this work that features an instrument which can change men's hearts, an opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberfloete]
Gary Karr arranged this composer's cello sonata in A Minor as a double bass concerto, while folk music collected by Lindeman gave inspiration to four symphonic dances, the Opus 64 of this composer Edvard Grieg
He included two wordless Hallings in his Album for Male Chorus, while a drum roll and a set of octaves played by the solo instrument open this composer's famous piano concerto in A Minor Edvard Grieg
An Arietta is the first of the 66 short piano pieces in one collection by this composer, whose lament The Death of Ase accompanies the title mountain outlaw's return just in time for his mother's death in part of another work Edvard Grieg
For 10 points, name this Norwegian composer whose works include his Lyric Pieces and In the Hall of the Mountain King, which is part of the incidental music to Peer Gynt. Edvard Grieg
The exposition of this work's "Allegro Vivace" first movement opens with an A major arpeggio up two octaves in triplets, while the recapitulation repeats the exposition transposed down a perfect fifth Trout Quintet
Sylvester Paumgarter commissioned this work so the cello did not play the bass line and its unusual instrumentation was borrowed from a piece by Johann Nepomuk Hummel Trout Quintet
A recurring motif of a rising sextuplet represents jumping through a stream Trout Quintet
This work is written for piano, violin, viola, cello, and double bass substituting the bass for the second violin Trout Quintet
It takes its title from variations in the fourth movement on the composer's earlier lieder "Die Forelle" Trout Quintet
For 10 points, name this piano quintet by Schubert named after a fish. Trout Quintet
This instrument plays a long solo over a timpani roll at the beginning of Sibelius' Symphony No clarinet
1 clarinet
This instrument evolved from the older chalmeau, a word that also names this instrument's lower register clarinet
Multiple concertos for two soloists playing this instrument were composed by Franz Krommer, while virtuosos of this instrument include Julian Bliss and Sabine Meyer clarinet
Mozart's concerto in A minor for this instrument was written for Anton Stadler, while Stravinsky wrote the Ebony Concerto for Woody Herman clarinet
A glissando for this instrument opens Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue and it represents the cat in Peter and the Wolf clarinet
For 10 points, identify this single-reed woodwind performed by Benny Goodman. clarinet
The first one of these works features a bassoon chord meant to imitate a fart London Symphonies
Another one quotes from the Croatian folk song “a little girl treads on a brook” in the final movement and gets its name from the opening timpani rhythm London Symphonies
One of these works got its nickname from an incident at the premiere when a chandelier fell from the ceiling but did not hurt any audience members London Symphonies
In addition to pieces titled “Drumroll” and “Miracle” a “ticking” rhythm appear in one of these works subtitled “Clock” and the best-known one features a sudden fortissimo G chord in the soft second movement London Symphonies
For 10 points, name this group of Haydn compositions including one titled “Surprise” that are named for an English city. London Symphonies
Elliott Antokoletz argues that a certain treaty inspired this composer's "expansion in range" technique in his third string quartet, which begins with sections called "prima parte" and "seconda parte" and introduced his namesake pizzicato Bela Bartok
He wrote a work based on a colinda in which nine sons are turned into stags, while another piece opens with a group of "Unison Melodies" and ends with six pieces dedicated to Harriet Cohen Bela Bartok
This composer of Cantata Profana wrote a work parodying Shostakovich's "invasion" theme in the "intermezzo interrotto" fourth movement and wrote a collection of 153 instructional piano pieces titled Mikrokosmos Bela Bartok
He wrote an opera ending when Judith opens the seventh door of the title location to uncover the three former wives of her husband Bela Bartok
For 10 points, name this composer of Concerto for Orchestra and Duke Bluebeard's Castle who collected Hungarian folk songs. Bela Bartok
One of this work's movements is written in 6/8 time and features the heading "al tempo di Giga" Goldberg Variations
The composer's biographer Johann Forkel argues that its penultimate movement is a joke based on the family tradition of singing vulgar peasant tunes at gatherings Goldberg Variations
The folk song "Cabbage and turnips have driven me away; had my mother cooked meat, I'd have decided to stay" was the basis for this work's penultimate section, which is a "quodlibet." This piece is the fourth member of the series Clavier-Ubung and every t Goldberg Variations
This work was composed for the titular musician who played during the night to Count Kaiserling who suffered from insomnia Goldberg Variations
For 10 points, name this work by J Goldberg Variations
S Goldberg Variations
Bach written for harpsichord consisting of thirty variations on the initial aria. Goldberg Variations
In this opera's beautiful trio "Soave sia il vento", three characters wish for "gentle winds" as two men get on a boat about to leave for war Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La Scuola degli Amanti [accept Thus Do They All or The School for Lovers]
In the duet "Il core di vono", one character accepts a heart-shaped locket from her suitor, while earlier that woman had rebuffed his advances that compared her faithfulness to a rock, in the aria "Come Scoglio." In this opera's third scene, two character Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La Scuola degli Amanti [accept Thus Do They All or The School for Lovers]
In this opera's final scene, a double marriage is rearranged when two men pretending to be Albanian soldiers reveal their identities to Dorabella and Fiordiligi Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La Scuola degli Amanti [accept Thus Do They All or The School for Lovers]
This opera begins when Don Alfonso makes a bet with Ferrando and Guglielmo that their fiancées would not be faithful in their absence Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La Scuola degli Amanti [accept Thus Do They All or The School for Lovers]
For 10 points, name this Mozart comic opera with a title referring to women, roughly meaning "They're all like that." Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La Scuola degli Amanti [accept Thus Do They All or The School for Lovers]
At the beginning of this opera a baritone describes getting money from an English Lord who hired him to play nonstop until a parrot died La Boheme
The soprano tells her lover to keep a pink bonnet hidden under her pillow in the aria "Donde lieta usci" La Boheme
The tenor worries about a woman's cold hands in the aria" Che Gelida Manina" after a flower girl asks for a match because her two candles went out La Boheme
In "Vecchia Zimarra" Colline laments selling his favorite coat to buy medicine La Boheme
This opera's second act features the aria "Quando me n'vo" in which Musetta dances her waltz to recapture her former lover Marcello La Boheme
For 10 points, name this Puccini opera set in the Latin Quarter of Paris, which ends when Mimi dies in the hands of Rodolfo. La Boheme
This composer quoted the protest song "I was sewing millet" in his Piano Trio in G-minor inspired by the death of his daughter after moving to Sweden Bedrich Smetana
His tone poems include Richard III and Hakon Jarl, while he honored the wedding of Emperor Franz Josef in his Triumphal Symphony Bedrich Smetana
In the finale of his first string quartet the music abruptly stops before the violin plays a sustained tremolo symbolizing his deafness Bedrich Smetana
Along with a string quartet subtitled "From My Life", he composed a work with a section inspired by an Amazon saved by Prince Ctirad, titled "Sarka", and that work's first movement is based on the Vysehrad Castle in Prague Bedrich Smetana
For 10 points, name this Czech composer who included "Die Moldau" in his Ma Vlast. Bedrich Smetana
Jacques Ibert wrote a concerto for this instrument for Marcel Moyse, and Messaien's Le merle noir is for this instrument and piano flute
A quartet of these instruments, whose lowest note is either Middle C or a half-step below, attempt to respond to the trumpet's five-note query in Ives' The Unanswered Question flute
A physical property of platinum lends its name to Varese's work for this instrument solo, Density 21.5, and Walter Piston wrote a ballet about an "Incredible" player of this instrument.  This transverse instrument, which supplanted the recorder, is also flute
For 10 points, name this woodwind instrument whose dimunitive relative is the piccolo. flute
The events of this opera follow from the sickness of Garzia and burning of a woman, whose daughter accidentally throws her own baby in the same fire Il Trovatore
That story is told to retainers by the captain of the guard in "Abbietta zingara" Il Trovatore
The Count and Troubador decide to duel soon after singing "Di geloso amor spezzato" with their love Leonora, who faints to end Act I Il Trovatore
The second act opens with the "Vedi! le fosche notturne spoglie". Ferrando later captures the Gypsy woman who had burned her child, and her supposed son holds Leonora as she dies from taking poison. For 10 points, name this Verdi opera about Manrico, Az Il Trovatore
In this work's second section, the cymbal, flute, and violins play quietly while the tenor whispers, "Move him into the sun" War Requiem
The first movement introduces the recurring tritone between C and F-sharp War Requiem
The penultimate movement consists of alterations between excerpts from the B-minor and C-major scales, ending with the hushed chorus holding the final syllable of "sempiternam" War Requiem
The boys chorus quotes from the composer's earlier canticle Abraham and Isaac at the beginning of the "Offertorium" War Requiem
At the end of this work, the baritone and tenor converge to sing "let us sleep now" before all three sections of the chorus join to repeat "requiescant in pace" War Requiem
Commissioned for the reconsecration of the Coventry Cathedral, for 10 points, name this choral mass featuring the poetry of Wilfred Owen, composed by Benjamin Britten. War Requiem
One master of this instrument worked with Nat and Cannonball Adderley on his album Bohemia After Dark and was nicknamed "Klook" Drums
Another man who played this instrument wrote the album We Insist! —Freedom Now for the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation and founded the orchestra M'Boom Drums
In addition to Kenny Clarke and Max Roach, another master of this instrument recorded the album A Night in Birdland while leading his band the Jazz Messengers Drums
A bandleader known for this instrument gained fame in Benny Goodman's band for playing the solo in "Sing, Sing, Sing", and Elvin Jones played it in the Coltrane Quartet Drums
For 10 points, name this instrument played by Art Blakey, Gene Krupa, and Ringo Starr. Drums
This composer included the tenor saxophone in his sixth symphony whose final movement was inspired by the quote, "We are such stuff / As dreams are made on" from The Tempest Ralph Vaughan-Williams
This composer borrowed a speech about the Crimean War pleading for peace in Dona nobis pacem, while the landscape of East Anglia inspired In the Fen Country Ralph Vaughan-Williams
He used the poems "Passage to India" and "On the Beach at Night Alone" from Leaves of Grass in one symphony, while another piece was inspired by a George Meredith poem Ralph Vaughan-Williams
This composer of The Lark Ascending adapted music for the film Scott of the Antarctic into his Sinfonia Antarctica Ralph Vaughan-Williams
For 10 points, name this English composer of Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis. Ralph Vaughan-Williams
This symphony's "Largo" third movement features no brass and surprisingly calls for the violins to be divided into three sections Symphony No. 5 in D-major [accept A Soviet Artist's Response to Justified Criticism before it is read]
The composer was inspired by the opening of Mahler's Fourth Symphony for the first four measures of this work, which sets up a sharply dotted rhythm of repeated As playing against a melody on the first violins Symphony No. 5 in D-major [accept A Soviet Artist's Response to Justified Criticism before it is read]
The finale movement quotes from the composer's setting of the Pushkin poem "Rebirth" and is dubbed a "forced rejoicing" in the autobiography Testimony Symphony No. 5 in D-major [accept A Soviet Artist's Response to Justified Criticism before it is read]
This symphony was after the scandal surrounding the composer's earlier opera Lady Macbeth of the Mtensk District Symphony No. 5 in D-major [accept A Soviet Artist's Response to Justified Criticism before it is read]
Subtitled "A Soviet Artist's Response to Justified Criticism", for 10 points, name this symphony by Dmitri Shostakovich. Symphony No. 5 in D-major [accept A Soviet Artist's Response to Justified Criticism before it is read]
In this opera, Dr Orpheus in the Underworld [or Orphée aux Enfers]
Morpheus sings the aria "Tzing! Tzing! Tzing!" and another character sings "Though I was the King of all Boeotia" Orpheus in the Underworld [or Orphée aux Enfers]
In the first act, the title character torments his wife into keeping an affair a secret by playing the violin, which she hates Orpheus in the Underworld [or Orphée aux Enfers]
At the beginning of this opera, Public Opinion laments that the title character loves Chloe, while his wife loves the shepherd Aristaeus Orpheus in the Underworld [or Orphée aux Enfers]
In this opera, Jupiter disguises himself as a bacchante to try to rescue a woman held captive by John Styx, but when he can only dance the minuet, this leads the chorus to dance this opera's best-known piece, the "Galop Infernal" Orpheus in the Underworld [or Orphée aux Enfers]
For 10 points, identify this operetta parodying Gluck that contains the "Can-Can", composed by Jacques Offenbach. Orpheus in the Underworld [or Orphée aux Enfers]
This composer wrote a work beginning with the double basses representing mist before the orchestra enters to play six different dances; that work was a tribute to a Johann Strauss waltz Joseph-Maurice Ravel
He included sections titled "Little Tom Thumb" and "Conversation of Beauty and the Beast" in a work dedicated to the Godebski kids Joseph-Maurice Ravel
This composer of La Valse and Mother Goose wrote a work ending with a chorus of bacchantes playing tambourines, who join together in the "Danse Generale" Joseph-Maurice Ravel
In addition to writing a ballet based on a Longus poem, he wrote a work dedicated to Ida Rubinstein that features an unchanging snare drum ostinato rhythm Joseph-Maurice Ravel
For 10 points, name this Spanish composer who wrote Daphnis et Chloe and Bolero. Joseph-Maurice Ravel
In the first act of this opera, the aria "Qual occhio al mondo" comforts a woman's suspicions of another woman who has blue eyes Tosca
Earlier, those two women are compared in the tenor aria "Recondita armonia", while later a soprano grieves over her painful decision in "Vissi d'arte" Tosca
The tenor sings "E lucevan le stelle" while writing a farewell letter to his lover in prison Tosca
During the second act the title character of this opera reveals the whereabouts of political revolutionary Angelotti to the police chief Scarpia, who reneges on the deal to prevent the execution of painter Mario Cavaradossi Tosca
For 10 points, name this opera ending when the titular opera diva jumps off the Castel Sant'Angelo, composed by Puccini. Tosca
This composer wrote a piano concerto whose final movement switches to 6/8 time before the trumpets introduce a theme based on the song, "The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo" Camille Saint-Saens
He featured a theme from Faure's abandoned Tantum Ergo motet in "andante sostenuto" movement of his Piano Concerto No Camille Saint-Saens
2, while he included a tune he heard sung by a boatman on the Nile River in a sonata subtitled "The Egyptian" Camille Saint-Saens
This composer wrote a piece opening with the harp playing D twelve times to convey it is midnight in which the xylophone represents the sound of bones Camille Saint-Saens
For 10 points, name this French composer of Danse Macabre who included movements titled "Fossils" and "The Swan" in Carnival of the Animals. Camille Saint-Saens
Howard Pollack argues that the changing rhythms in this work's first six measures from 4/4 to 3/2 to 3/4 to 5/4 are meant to reflect the cadences of speech Appalachian Spring
The final version of this work did not include the sections "Moment of Crisis" and "The Day of Wrath" Appalachian Spring
In the movement "The Lord's Day" the "pioneer woman" advises her new neighbors after they encounter a Revivalist preacher and his congregation Appalachian Spring
Isamu Noguchi designed the original set for this ballet, which took its title from a Hart Crane poem after it was originally titled Ballet for Martha Appalachian Spring
Quoting the Shaker hymn "Simple Gifts", for 10 points, name this ballet written for Martha Graham about a couple building a farmhouse in Pennsylvania, composed by Aaron Copland. Appalachian Spring
Most scholars believe that the composer of this work studied Michael Hadyn's Symphony No Jupiter Symphony [accept Symphony No. 41]
28 while composing this symphony Jupiter Symphony [accept Symphony No. 41]
This work's "allegro vivace" first movement features the bass quietly imitating the second theme played on the violins before the orchestra quotes the composer's aria "Un Bacio de Mano", which he wrote for another composer's opera Le Gelosie Fortunate Jupiter Symphony [accept Symphony No. 41]
In this symphony's "molto allegro" fourth movement the trumpets and trombones start a double fugue that climaxes when all of the themes are incorporated into a famous five-voice fugato Jupiter Symphony [accept Symphony No. 41]
Given its nickname by Johann Peter Salomon, for 10 points, name this last symphony of Mozart, with a nickname of a certain Roman god. Jupiter Symphony [accept Symphony No. 41]
The second of these works by this composer is unusual for having all four movements written in C Symphonies of Robert Schumann [prompt on "works of Schumann"]
The fourth of these works exists in an earlier version that uses Italian tempo markings instead of German ones, and is notable for generating all the thematic material from one motif Symphonies of Robert Schumann [prompt on "works of Schumann"]
The third of these works has a fourth movement that is notable for the introduction of three trombones supposedly portraying a ceremony the composer witnessed that elevated Archbishop von Geissel of Cologne to the rank of cardinal Symphonies of Robert Schumann [prompt on "works of Schumann"]
The first one of these works was titled after a poem by Adolph Boetgerr and was written right after its composer married Clara Wieck Symphonies of Robert Schumann [prompt on "works of Schumann"]
For 10 points, name these works by the German composer of Carnaval and Scenes from Childhood, the third of which is the Rhenish and the first of which is the Spring. Symphonies of Robert Schumann [prompt on "works of Schumann"]
In Mark Morris's production of this opera at the Metropolitan, each member of the chorus is dressed as a different historical figure Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
This opera opens with the lament "Ah, se intorno" in which one singer interrupts a chorus of shepherds dancing around a grave with the name of his wife Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
The protagonist sings the famous aria "Che faro" before Amore convinces him not to commit suicide Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
With a libretto by Ranieri de' Calzabigi, this opera features the "Dance of the Blessed Spirits" in a scene set in Elysium Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
This opera prefigures the operatic reform that the composer would later make explicit in the preface to Alceste Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
For 10 points, name this opera about a mythical Greek singer's descent into the underworld, written by C Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
W Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
Gluck. Orfeo ed Euridice [accept Orpheus and Eurydice]
This composer wrote a violin piece titled "Music for the Chapel of the Pieta" Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
This composer included a piece called "Suspicious" in a set of works dedicated to Charles VI, entitled The Lyre Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
A "spirituous non e presto" movement ends his La Stravaganza, and his other concertos include pieces titled "Proteus" and "Goldfinch", as well as a set of twelve collected in L'estro Armonico Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
This composer featured themes representing "drunkards that have fallen asleep" and a "barking dog" in sonnets that were written to accompany his best-known work, which appeared in The Contest Between Harmony and Invention Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
For 10 points, name this Italian composer who included "La Primavera" and "L'Autunno" in his The Four Seasons. Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
A soprano sings, "I don't daydream and I don't look back" after receiving a glass elephant during a visit to a glass factory at the start of this opera's second act Nixon in China
In this opera's last aria, a man asks "How much of what we did was good?" During the second act three characters start acting in the play The Red Detachment of Women Nixon in China
Alice Goodman wrote the libretto for this opera, which opens with "The Three Main Rules of Discipline and Eight Points of Attention", sung to celebrate the landing of plane, while a foxtrot from the third act was adapted into The Chairman Dances Nixon in China
Chou En-Lai and Henry Kissinger, for 10 points, appear in what minimalist opera about a President's visit to an Asian country by John Adams Nixon in China
This composer set a text by Goethe about Druids fighting Christian persecution in his cantata, Die Erste Walpurgisnacht Felix Mendelssohn
The minuet from his First Symphony is sometimes replaced with a version of the scherzo from his String Octet in E-flat Felix Mendelssohn
In his teen years, this composer wrote an overture for a play for which he would later write a wedding march Felix Mendelssohn
One of his symphonies ends with a presto saltarello finale, while another was written on the same trip that inspired his Hebrides Overture Felix Mendelssohn
For 10 points, name this composer of Scottish and Italian symphonies and incidental music to A Midsummer Night's Dream. Felix Mendelssohn
This composer set lyrics by David Byrne in his collection, Songs from Liquid Days Philip Glass
He set the titular Allen Ginsberg poem in his sixth symphony, "Plutonian Ode," and he used tunes from David Bowie and Brian Eno's albums in his second and third symphonies, subtitled "Low" and "Heroes" respectively Philip Glass
He is better known for an opera which involves Tolstoy, Tagore, and Martin Luther King; and one whose sections "Prematurely Air-Conditioned Supermarket" and "I Feel the Earth Move" follow the third "Knee Play." For 10 points, name this American minimalist Philip Glass
Only the first movement survives of this composer's 1876 Piano Quartet in A minor, written in his student days at the Vienna Conservatory Gustav Mahler
Cowbells are employed in the first "Nachtmusik" movement of his seventh symphony Gustav Mahler
The finale of his fourth symphony and his Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen both set texts from the German folk poem collection, Das Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler
His fifth symphony opens with a funeral march in C-sharp minor and contains an Adagietto in F major, while his sixth symphony contains a melody named for his wife, Alma Gustav Mahler
For 10 points, name this Austrian composer of symphonies nicknamed "Titan," "Tragic," and "Resurrection." Gustav Mahler
The female lead of this opera explains how the breezes will carry her sighs to her lover in the duet "Verrano a te sull'aure." Earlier she had sung of a ghost appearing near a fountain, whose waters turned blood-red, in "Regnava nel silenzio." In Act II, Lucia di Lammermoor
The title character sings "Il dolce suono," as part of the Mad Scene of this opera that sees its title bride fall in love with Edgardo Ravenswood against the wishes of her brother Enrico Ashton Lucia di Lammermoor
For 10 points, name this opera based on a story by Walter Scott by Gaetano Donizetti. Lucia di Lammermoor
An Andante con moto siciliana in 6/8 is the second movement of one of these works, composed in four days for Count Thun Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The Presto finale of one of these works in D major is reportedly to be played "as fast as possible" and shares a dedicatee with an earlier serenade by the composer Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The penultimate of these was scored to be played with or without clarinets, and is one of only two in a minor key Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The finale of the last of these uses a theme previously used in Michael Haydn's Symphony No Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
33 and ends with a five-voice fugato Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
For 10 points, "Linz", "Haffner", "Great G minor", and "Jupiter" are some of what orchestral works by the composer of The Marriage of Figaro? Symphonies of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Piccolo, trumpets, trombones, and timpani appear only in this work's fourth movement, the only movement in a minor key Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 6, op. 68 "Pastoral" [accept either; accept obvious equivalents such as "Beethoven's Sixth Symphony"; accept just the number after Beethoven is mentioned]
The trio of this work's third movement is in 2/4, and its metronome marking indicates the same tempo as the first movement Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 6, op. 68 "Pastoral" [accept either; accept obvious equivalents such as "Beethoven's Sixth Symphony"; accept just the number after Beethoven is mentioned]
Its second movement is marked andante molto mosso, is in 12/8, has passages for solo flute, oboe, and clarinet imitating different birdcalls in its coda, and is subtitled "Scene by the Brook." The final three movements of this symphony depict a peasant's Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 6, op. 68 "Pastoral" [accept either; accept obvious equivalents such as "Beethoven's Sixth Symphony"; accept just the number after Beethoven is mentioned]
For 10 points, name this symphony in F Major by Beethoven depicting life in the country. Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 6, op. 68 "Pastoral" [accept either; accept obvious equivalents such as "Beethoven's Sixth Symphony"; accept just the number after Beethoven is mentioned]
One ballet by this composer makes use of the Renaissance French dance, bransle, for its serialist second Pas de Trois Igor Stravinsky
Another of his ballets was adapted from music the composer thought to be by Pergolesi and had sets designed by Picasso Igor Stravinsky
Besides Agon and Pulcinella, his other ballets include one written for Sergei Diaghilev in which the Moor slays the title puppet Igor Stravinsky
He wrote a ballet whose first part, "The Adoration of the Earth," opens with a high bassoon solo, and caused a riot at its 1913 Paris premiere Igor Stravinsky
For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Petrouchka and The Rite of Spring. Igor Stravinsky
One character in this opera sings of conquering lands for his beloved in an aria that begins with the line "Se quell guerrier io fossi." In its final act, the two protagonists sing the duet "O terra addio" as they are sealed in a tomb Aida
The title character of this opera puzzles out her allegiances after mocking her rival's cry of "Ritorna vincitor." That rival begs the priests for mercy as Ramfis condemns a character that revealed the location of the army to Amonasro and is the king's da Aida
For 10 points, name this Giuseppe Verdi opera in which the Egyptian captain Radames falls in love with the title Ethiopian princess. Aida
A 1789 rearrangement of this work omitted the organ part, increased the woodwinds, and gave one of the alto solos, "But Who Will Abide," to the bass Messiah [or HWV 56]
Another movement in this work is a pastoral sinfonia titled Pifa Messiah [or HWV 56]
In an aria in this work, a tenor sings higher notes on the lyric "ev'ry mountain and hill," and lower notes when he sings, "made low." Besides "Every Valley Shall Be Exalted", in its most famous part, "King of Kings, Lord of Lords" is chanted while the au Messiah [or HWV 56]
For 10 points, Charles Jennens wrote the libretto for what oratorio by Handel that contains the "Hallelujah Chorus"? Messiah [or HWV 56]
As a mature composer, he orchestrated tunes he wrote as a child into his Nursery Suite and two The Wand of Youth suites Edward Elgar
In 1932, he conducted a recording of his Violin Concerto in B minor, with Yehudi Menuhin as the soloist Edward Elgar
His overtures include ones titled Froissart and In the South Edward Elgar
He set a poem by Cardinal Newman for his oratorio, The Dream of Gerontius Edward Elgar
An orchestral work by him contains portraits of his friends, including Augustus Jaeger, who is depicted in an Adagio called Nimrod, and is based on a mysterious, never-played theme Edward Elgar
For 10 points, name this British composer of the Enigma Variations and the Pomp and Circumstance Marches. Edward Elgar
One character in this opera considers the freedom of the birds flying in the sky in her famous "Ballatella," "Stridono lassu." Later that character uses a whip to resist the advances of a character who plays Taddeo onstage and who warns that actors have f I Pagliacci [prompt on "Clowns" until mentioned]
In this opera's most famous aria, a character tells himself to laugh in spite of his wife's infidelity as he applies his makeup and dons his costume I Pagliacci [prompt on "Clowns" until mentioned]
In this opera, after singing "Vesti la giubba," Canio stabs his wife Nedda during a performance of the commedia dell'arte play they act in I Pagliacci [prompt on "Clowns" until mentioned]
For 10 points, name this opera by Ruggiero Leoncavallo whose title means "clowns." I Pagliacci [prompt on "Clowns" until mentioned]
A murder attempt by one character in this work is forgiven in the aria "In diesen heil'gen Hallen." Earlier another character sings a love song to a picture of a woman presented to him by the Three Ladies in "Dies Bildnis Ist Bezaubernd Schon." One charac The Magic Flute or Die Zauberflöte
In this opera, a prayer to Isis and Osiris is sung by the priest, Sarastro, and an aria about birdcatching is sung by Papageno, who helps save the Queen of the Night's daughter, Pamina The Magic Flute or Die Zauberflöte
For 10 points, name this Mozart singspeil about Tamino's title instrument. The Magic Flute or Die Zauberflöte
This composer's interest in the poetry of Walt Whitman is evidenced by his early Overture: Walt Whitman and a setting of Whitman's "From Noon to Starry Night," The Mystic Trumpeter Gustav Holst
He paid homage to Thomas Hardy with the tone poem, Egdon Heath, and he used a fantasia on "The Dargason" for the finale of two other suites: his St Gustav Holst
Paul's Suite and his Second Suite for Military Band Gustav Holst
His most famous composition ends with a "fadeout" effect from an offstage choir, opens with a militaristic theme in 5/4, and has movements subtitled "The Winged Messenger" and "Bringer of Jollity." For 10 points, name this British composer of The Planets. Gustav Holst
Shostakovich's first work of this type has a third movement Passacaglia and opens with a moderato Nocturne violin concerto
Tchaikovsky's sole work in this genre is sometimes performed with cuts advocated by its dedicatee, Leopold Auer violin concerto
Beethoven's sole work in this genre begins with four lone timpani strokes and has the soloist enter playing in broken octaves violin concerto
In spite of its title, Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole is often considered one of these works violin concerto
Brahms wrote one for Joseph Joachim and Mozart wrote ones nicknamed "Strassburg" and "Turkish." For 10 points, name this type of composition in which an orchestra might accompany Itzhak Perlman or Jascha Heifetz. violin concerto
This composer's first and last symphony are both opened by the timpani: the first with a sustained roll over which a clarinet plays, the last with a short roll opening its sole movement Jean Sibelius
He wrote a quatrain describing the titular wood-sprite, prefacing his Tapiola Jean Sibelius
An English horn depicts a bard singing in the second movement of a suite by him that has an Alla Marcia finale Jean Sibelius
An English horn is employed in another of his works to depict the title creature, as strings depict the shimmering water it swims in Jean Sibelius
This composer of the Karelia Suite and The Swan of Tuonela wrote another work protesting Russian occupation of his native country Jean Sibelius
For 10 points, name this composer of Finlandia. Jean Sibelius
One work in this note's major key uses cyclical form and was written for Eugene Ysaye by César Franck, his Violin Sonata A [accept "A Major" before (*)]
A work in this key by Beethoven has an allegretto second movement with a motif based around a repeating pattern of quarter-eighth-eighth-quarter-quarter, centered on E A [accept "A Major" before (*)]
This note's major key is the relative major of F-sharp minor, and the key of Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata and Seventh Symphony A [accept "A Major" before (*)]
This note's (*) minor key has no accidentals, and is the key of Grieg's Piano Concerto A [accept "A Major" before (*)]
For 10 points, an orchestra often tunes to the oboe playing this pitch at 440 Hz, the pitch between G-sharp and B-flat. A [accept "A Major" before (*)]
One character in this opera sings to the overcoat he is about to sell in the aria "Vecchia zimarra." Another character in this opera sings farewell to her lover in "Addio senza rancor" in a scene in Act III, set by a tollhouse La Boheme
Earlier, a character in this opera had won back a former lover by singing "Quando m'en vo" to incite his jealousy, before instructing a waiter to put all of her friends' charges on Alcindoro's bill La Boheme
Musetta sells her earrings for medicine, but even Rodolfo's remembrance of a pink bonnet cannot save the tubercular Mimi in this opera La Boheme
For 10 points, name this Giacomo Puccini opera about a group of poor artists living in Paris. La Boheme
This composer used a habanera rhythm and the double harmonic scale to portray the title "Evening in Granada," one of his Estampes Claude Debussy
"The Sunken Cathedral" joins a mostly pentatonic melody in G-flat depicting the title "Girl with the Flaxen Hair" in his Preludes Claude Debussy
The second movement of his most famous orchestral piece is titled "Play of the Waves," while "Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum" and "Golliwog's Cakewalk" are among the movements in his Children's Corner Suite Claude Debussy
For 10 points, name this French Impressionist composer of La Mer, Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun, and Clair de Lune. Claude Debussy
The Presto finale of one piece by this composer consists entirely of triplets played in octaves, except for its last bar Frederic Chopin
A lone F is the only note belying the nickname of a piece that joins a work inspired by the November Uprising in this composer's Opus 10 Frederic Chopin
He wrote twenty-one works in a genre pioneered by John Field Frederic Chopin
His works in another genre include one with an Andante Spianato introduction and ones nicknamed "Heroic" and "Military" Frederic Chopin
For 10 points, name this composer of many Polonaises and Nocturnes, the "Funeral March" sonata, the "Black-Key" and "Revolutionary" etudes, and the Minute Waltz. Frederic Chopin
In one work by this composer, a solo viola da gamba accompanies an alto soloist singing "Es ist vollbracht." In his Hunting Cantata, a soprano soloist sings the aria "Sheep May Safely Graze." Schlendrian threatens to deny Lieschen a husband if she won't g Johann Sebastian Bach [prompt on "Bach" or even "Johann Bach"]
There is a "halo" effect in the strings whenever Jesus sings in another work of his, which was revived by Felix Mendelssohn in 1829 Johann Sebastian Bach [prompt on "Bach" or even "Johann Bach"]
Another work had its Symbolum Nicenum section premiered by this composer's son, Carl Phillip Emanuel Johann Sebastian Bach [prompt on "Bach" or even "Johann Bach"]
For 10 points, name this composer of the Mass in B minor, St Johann Sebastian Bach [prompt on "Bach" or even "Johann Bach"]
Matthew Passion, and six Brandenburg Concertos. Johann Sebastian Bach [prompt on "Bach" or even "Johann Bach"]
Clifford Brown played this instrument for Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, as did Freddie Hubbard trumpet
Another player of this instrument cut notable recordings with Anita O'Day during his time with the Gene Krupa Orchestra trumpet
Besides Roy Eldridge, another player of this instrument won the Pulitzer Prize for his oratorio, Blood on the Fields, and is artistic director of Jazz at Lincoln Center trumpet
Another player of this instrument recorded "Potato Head Blues" and "Heebie Jeebies" with his Hot Five trumpet
One man to play it led the albums Sketches of Spain and Kind of Blue trumpet
For 10 points, name this instrument played by Wynton Marsalis, Louis Armstrong, and Miles Davis. trumpet
The figure of a dotted eighth note followed by three thirty-second notes depicts the "Prophet Bird" in this composer's Waldszenen Robert Schumann
"An Important Event" and "Knight of the Hobbyhorse" are piano pieces from a set by him which also contains "Träumerei." Movements in another set of his piano pieces take their names from characters he used for articles in the New Journal for Music, "Flore Robert Schumann
Hoffmann character in Kreisleriana and his Op Robert Schumann
54, Piano Concerto in A minor was premiered by his wife Clara Robert Schumann
For 10 points, name this German composer of Scenes from Childhood, Carnaval, and the Rhenish symphony. Robert Schumann
This man composed a pas de fleurs for a score mostly written by his tutor, Le Corsaire, which formed the basis of his Naïla Clément-Philibert-Léo Delibes
A suite adapted from one of his works consists of four movements like "Les Chasseresses" and "Cortège de Bacchus." That piece depicts a nymph falling in love with the shepherd Aminta, only to be captured by Orion Clément-Philibert-Léo Delibes
Napoleon III commissioned his cantata Alger, this led to a collaboration with Ludwig Minkus and his setting of a Remy Belleau poem, Avril Clément-Philibert-Léo Delibes
In a work by this man Gérald's love, the daughter of Nilakantha sings while ringing a magic item, and has the duet, "Dôme épais," with Mallika Clément-Philibert-Léo Delibes
In a ballet by this man, the lovers Swanilda and Franz try to communicate with the title doll Clément-Philibert-Léo Delibes
The two aforementioned songs, "The Bell Song" and "The Flower Duet," are part of an opera about the daughter of a Brahmin priest during the British occupation Clément-Philibert-Léo Delibes
For 10 points, name this composer of the opera Lakmé and the ballets Sylvia and Coppélia. Clément-Philibert-Léo Delibes
In the first movement, an oboe call is answered by the 'life-will' motif in the basses, while in another movement, a soloist cries "All joy wills eternity, wills deep eternity!." The first movement also features an offstage snare drum inspired by military Mahler's 3rd Symphony
This work opens with 8 horns playing a unison theme derived from the finale of Brahms's First Symphony, and the composer removed the original last movement of this work but then brought it back as the last movement of his next symphony Mahler's 3rd Symphony
Some of the movements of this work were originally titled "Summer marches in" and "What the flowers in the meadow tell me." The fifth movement is a setting of the Wunderhorn song "Three Angels were Singing," while the fourth is a setting of the "Midnight Mahler's 3rd Symphony
For 10 points, identify this massive six-movement symphony, its composer's longest, which followed the Resurrection. Mahler's 3rd Symphony
This composer's third Symphony opens with an impressive array of gongs and cymbals into a staggered bass accompaniment Virgil Thomson
This composer of two String Quartets also created a piece for two pianos titled Synthetic Waltzes Virgil Thomson
His critical writing was collected in such volumes as The Musical Scene and he composed film scores for such works as The River and The Plow that Broke the Plain Virgil Thomson
He included a tango and recurring references to the Song "The Bear Went Over the Mountain" in the ballet Filling Station and spent more than 30 years composing his Portraits for piano Virgil Thomson
Still another work by this composer of Symphony on a Hymn Tune opens at Avila Cathedral and includes the song "Pigeons on the Grass Alas," as sung by St Virgil Thomson
Ignatius of Loyola Virgil Thomson
For 10 points, identify this American composer who collaborated with Gertrude Stein on The Mother of Us All and Four Saints in Three Acts. Virgil Thomson
This work's performance notes state that the title figure of its fourth movement "much prefers to hear" that movement's optional flute part Concord Sonata or Piano Sonata No. 2, Concord, Mass., 1840-60
This work's second movement quotes Debussy's "Golliwog's Cake-Walk" and Columbia, Gem of the Oceans, and calls for a 14 3/4-inch strip of wood to be used to produce a massive tone cluster Concord Sonata or Piano Sonata No. 2, Concord, Mass., 1840-60
All four movements of this piece quote a work of the same form, Beethoven's Hammerklavier Concord Sonata or Piano Sonata No. 2, Concord, Mass., 1840-60
This work's fourth movement draws on the composer's lost work Walden Sounds, while its first movement draws on the Emerson Overture for Piano and Orchestra Concord Sonata or Piano Sonata No. 2, Concord, Mass., 1840-60
For 10 points, name this piece whose movements include depictions of Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau, and other residents of the title city, composed by Charles Ives. Concord Sonata or Piano Sonata No. 2, Concord, Mass., 1840-60
The concluding section of this work, in lively double meter, evokes the Provencal compositions popular at the Court of Louis XIV, and was identified as a "Rigaudon" by its composer Holberg Suite or From Holberg's Time or Fra Holberg's Tid
It opens with a restless "Praeludium" that features a skipping motif before it eases into an elegant dance Holberg Suite or From Holberg's Time or Fra Holberg's Tid
The fourth section, which contrasts sharply with the previous "Gavotte," is marked "Andante Religioso," and presents an emotional "Air" based on folksongs associated with its titular subject's hometown, the city of Bergen Holberg Suite or From Holberg's Time or Fra Holberg's Tid
Its composer's Opus 40, it was later adapted for string orchestra and it was written in the form of dances contemporary with the namesake author's era Holberg Suite or From Holberg's Time or Fra Holberg's Tid
For 10 points, identify this work for piano which was dedicated to and named for the "father of Danish Literature," a work by Edvard Grieg. Holberg Suite or From Holberg's Time or Fra Holberg's Tid
Hindemith wrote one in E-flat major that stressed thematic material rather than contrapuntal procedure, while Milhaud wrote one during his residence in Rio de Janeiro that includes a slow movement in the style of a funeral march String Quartet [accept equivalents; prompt on "Quartet"]
Borodin's second one contains a notable Nocturne and was written in D major String Quartet [accept equivalents; prompt on "Quartet"]
Another one of these compositions features a coda where a high E over a tremolo simulates what its composer described as "the fatal whistling in my ear." That piece was subtitled From My Life and was the first of two by Smetana String Quartet [accept equivalents; prompt on "Quartet"]
Of the 13 composed by Dvorak, his most famous was the Native American inspired "American" one, while a set of three of them, named for the Russian ambassador to the Hapsburg court, Andreas Razumovsky, was written by Beethoven String Quartet [accept equivalents; prompt on "Quartet"]
For 10 points, identify this type of musical composition, typically scored for a cello, a viola, and two violins. String Quartet [accept equivalents; prompt on "Quartet"]
The second section of this work presents four variations on a "sighing" theme initially presented on the strings, then the horns, then the full orchestra Capriccio Espagnol or Spanish Caprice or Kaprichio na ispankskiye temi
The fourth section of this work features a difficult cadenza in which the flute and clarinet take turns, before the harp enters to play shimmering scales, which, in turn, sets the stage for the introduction of a Gypsy Song Capriccio Espagnol or Spanish Caprice or Kaprichio na ispankskiye temi
Featuring an instruction to play all the way through without pause, the opening theme, a morning serenade, returns throughout this work which climaxes with a fiery Fandango, emphasized by cutting strings, cymbals, and castanets Capriccio Espagnol or Spanish Caprice or Kaprichio na ispankskiye temi
This work in five movements was completed in 1887 and was inspired by Inzenga and Castellanos' Book of Songs Capriccio Espagnol or Spanish Caprice or Kaprichio na ispankskiye temi
For 10 points, identify this work that begins with the "Alborada," a work based on Asturian folk themes by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. Capriccio Espagnol or Spanish Caprice or Kaprichio na ispankskiye temi
Cui would later use the opening melody of this work in the 9th piece of his Kaleidoscope: Orientale Marche Slave or Slavonic March
The first section ends with a fortissimo rendition of the plaintive folk song, "The Sun Does not Shine," by a pair of trumpets, a moment that some critics suggest is meant to evoke a cry for help Marche Slave or Slavonic March
It ends with a swirling virtuoso coda for the full orchestra that features loud and ringing accents presumably announcing victory Marche Slave or Slavonic March
In later years, a portion of this work was replaced by inserting a melody by Glinka in the second section, where a rustic motif for the woodwinds is interrupted by a statement of "God Save the Tsar." Its composer's Opus 31, this work was written at the b Marche Slave or Slavonic March
For 10 points, identify this orchestral work by Pyotr Tchaikovsky. Marche Slave or Slavonic March
Its third section, which features strings, piano, and woodwinds, depicts the arrival of dusk and is marked "Andantino." By contrast this work opens with a savage discordant theme marked "Allegro Feroce" that illustrates the elemental struggle inspired by Scythian Suite
Its second section featuring insistent, pounding rhythms, depicts the kidnapping of a wood nymph, and is entitled "The Evil God and Dance of the Pagan Monster." This work, which was based on a ballet originally commissioned by Diaghilev as a piece that Scythian Suite
For 10 points, identify this orchestral work that is named for a barbarian tribe and composed by Sergei Prokofiev. Scythian Suite
One of these features a simple yo-yo like path of three descending notes and double stops preceded by what sounds, at first, like a flute and, subsequently, like a French horn Paganini's Caprices or Capricii
That work, which was later interpolated in the final movement of Mendelssohn's Italian Symphony, was written in E major and nicknamed "The Hunt." Another one of these, in B flat major, is nicknamed for a mocking, descending theme that mimics a demonic ch Paganini's Caprices or Capricii
Later provided with piano accompaniment in works by Fritz Kreisler and Mario Pilati, this group of works opens with a piece marked "Andante in E" and concludes with a set of eleven variations on a twelve bar theme in A minor, that make up the 24th and fin Paganini's Caprices or Capricii
For 10 points, identify this series of compositions for the solo violin, the masterwork of Niccolo Paganini. Paganini's Caprices or Capricii
It opens with a slow three bar sequence that is eventually joined by a second melody for first violins based on a folk song that was brought to the composer's attention by Percy Grainger and named "In Ola Valley." The first melodic theme consists of a se On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring
This work, whose composition was preceded by A Song of the High Hills, was completed in the same year as its companion piece Summer Night on the River On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring
A tone poem, which was first performed in Leipzig in 1913, it concludes with a clarinet mimicking the calls of the title creature On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring
For 10 points, identify this musical sketch that depicts a bird stirring after the long winter, a work by Frederick Delius. On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring
At one point in this work, a third melody, initially played by the clarinet, appears, but is soon ended with a single harp arpeggio Symphony in D minor [accept Franck's Symphony before his name is read]
The first section, which is carried along by a three-note dotted figure that moves down by a semitone and then moves back up again, opens with a chromatic Lento introduction in cellos and basses that is eventually joined by another melody, sometimes known Symphony in D minor [accept Franck's Symphony before his name is read]
Composed in three rather than the usual four movements, this piece, its composer's Opus 48, is his only work in a particular format Symphony in D minor [accept Franck's Symphony before his name is read]
For 10 points, identify this long orchestral work in a certain key by Cesar Franck. Symphony in D minor [accept Franck's Symphony before his name is read]
The third section of this work features three motifs, a song for muted strings, a subject for the brass, and a theme for trombones, that evoke an elegiac mood and is sometimes called "The Queen's Monastery." It features a the energetic ringing of a bell Sinfonietta
Originating as a series of fanfares for a gymnastic festival sponsored by the Sokol group, this 1926 work in five movements was dedicated to the Czechoslovak Armed Forces Sinfonietta
Its composer's largest purely orchestral composition, it features a length that belies its diminutive name, for 10 points, identify this "little symphony" by Leos Janacek. Sinfonietta
This composer wrote a Canto Serioso for horn and piano and dedicated one of his works for chorus and orchestra to the "Young Merchant's Society." One of this man's works ends with a series of variations on his hymn "My Jesus, make my heart to love thee." Carl Nielsen
He used only nine instruments in the "Humoreske" movement of his final symphony, while a visit to the Acropolis inspired a work representing the sun rising over the Aegean, the Helios Overture Carl Nielsen
He featured a wordless vocal solo for baritone and soprano in the "Andante pastorale" second movement of his Sinfonia Espansiva Carl Nielsen
This composer of Sinfonia Semplice created a symphony that features a "duel" between two sets of timpani Carl Nielsen
For 10 points, name this Danish composer of a symphony nicknamed The Inextinguishable. Carl Nielsen
One opera by this composer features the character Nisibi singing a 'sleep aria' entitled "Komm, sanfter Schlaf!" and also features a chorus of Persians in the aria "Ein Doppler Kranz." In addition to Miriways, this composer wrote a a pair of cantatas ent Georg Phillip Telemann
In addition to issuing a didactic collection of pieces under the title The Faithful Music Master, this composer created a series of thirty-six oratorios and serenades for an annual banquet of militia captains in Hamburg, as well as a piece featuring a G m Georg Phillip Telemann
A more well-known opera by this composer features the crafty Vespetta who attempts to marry her elderly employer in Pimpinone Georg Phillip Telemann
For 10 points, identify this composer best known for a set of fifteen pieces written to accompany a meal, Tafelmusik or Musique de Table. Georg Phillip Telemann
One opera published by this man begins with Sister Jeanne having night visions and ends with Jeanne's love for Grandier was the cause of her possession, that work is titled the Devils of Loudon Krzysztof Penderecki
In addition to an opera based on and titled Paradise Lost, this man published a work with 27 sections with titles like "Et egressus" and "ludica me, Deus" and features an a capella section of the "Stabat Mater." A well known work by this man was expanded Krzysztof Penderecki
That 17 movement work's first two movements are titled Introtius and Kyrie and features the traditional hymn Swiety Boze Krzysztof Penderecki
This man wrote a work arranged for 52 strings and originally titled it 8' 37" Krzysztof Penderecki
For 10 points, identify this conductor and composer of the St Krzysztof Penderecki
Luke's Passion, Polish Requiem, and Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima. Krzysztof Penderecki
Much of the second section of this work is played in triple time The Dream of Gerontius
The opening theme is structured around the first four notes, A, G sharp, A, G natural, and part 1 features a vision of demons before a character sings "Into thy hands." At one point this work contains an instruction that every instrument must "exert its The Dream of Gerontius
Part 2 includes the lullaby "Softly and Gently" as sung by a chorus of angels, while the whole work begins with an orchestral prelude that segues into the title figure's first words: "Jesu, Maria." Originally composed for the Birmingham music festival, i The Dream of Gerontius
For 10 points, identify this oratorio based on a poem by Cardinal John Newman, a work by Edward Elgar. The Dream of Gerontius
The first three parts of this composer's Songs for Achilles were taken from an opera in which the titular Trojan is killed by Neoptolemus, while another of his operas sees Jo Ann fall in love with Merlin, who arrives in Act I on a spaceship Sir Michael Kemp Tippett
This composer created the song cycle The Heart's Assurance for the tenor Peter Pears and may have used The Magic Flute as a basis for his first opera The Midsummer Marriage Sir Michael Kemp Tippett
His oratorios include The Mask of Time and one featuring African-American spirituals such as "Go Down Moses" and "Deep River." That work's libretto was originally planned to be written in part by T.S Sir Michael Kemp Tippett
Eliot, but instead was written completely by the composer, who used Herschel Grynszpan's sparking of the Kristallnacht to express his objection to the Nazis Sir Michael Kemp Tippett
For 10 points, name this British composer of A Child of Our Time. Sir Michael Kemp Tippett
Only one page survives of a work by this man subtitled "A Pedagogic Overture" and written to accompany a planned ballet co-written by Percy Wyndham Lewis William Turner Walton
This composer of Dr William Turner Walton
Syntax scored the film The First of the Few, from which he extracted his Spitfire Prelude and Fugue William Turner Walton
His second and last opera was billed as an "Extravaganza in One Act" and was composed to a libretto written by Paul Dehn based on a Chekhov play William Turner Walton
This composer of the coronation marches, Orb and Sceptre and Crown Imperial wrote the operas The Bear and Troilus and Cressida William Turner Walton
He gained early fame for his orchestral setting of Edith Sitwell's Façade poems, but is best-known for setting texts from Psalms, Revelation, and Daniel to music William Turner Walton
For 10 points, identify this twentieth-century British composer of the oratorio Belshazzar's Feast. William Turner Walton
In an 1862 essay, Richard Pohl observed five motifs in this musical work, which he designated as conveying "Passion", "Pride", "Longing", "Triumph", and "Love" respectively Faust Symphony
A melody played on oboe and clarinet expresses the "painful joys" of the central figure in the first movement, while the image of a woman picking petals from a flower is evoked by violins and clarinets in the second movement Faust Symphony
A male chorus was eventually added to its third movement, the "Chorus Mysticus", singing that "everything transitory is but a semblance" in praise of that which "draws us ever onward" called the "Eternal Feminine" Faust Symphony
The second of the three "character sketches" that comprise the work centers on the figure of Gretchen, while the third centers on the demon Mephistopheles Faust Symphony
For 10 points, identify this work by Franz Liszt. Faust Symphony
The finale to one opera by this man derives tunes from music to Gehe's Heinrich IV Carl Maria von Weber
In that opera two slaves recount their childhood in the duet "On the Banks of the Sweet Garonne" and mermaids frolic in the finale, "Oh, 'tis pleasant." He also included such objects as an enchanted golden cup containing infinite wine and a magical horn i Carl Maria von Weber
In another opera by him the title character has two solos in the first act, including "Through the forests and meadows." That title character loves the cousin of Anchen and by opera's end is forgiven by Prince Ottokar Carl Maria von Weber
His notable parts in that opera include the music of the Wolf's Glen scene and the "Hunter's Chorus." For 10 points, name this composer of an opera about the king of fairies, Oberon, and an opera about the marksman Max, Der Freischutz. Carl Maria von Weber
The third section of this work is a Romanza that features a melody initially presented by clarinets and is marked "not fast." Its reflective second theme is introduced by oboe and clarinet, while the second section, a scherzo, which features cellos, viol Rhenish Symphony or Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major
This work, which ends with a brisk march depicting a country festival, was written during the composer's tenure as a conductor in Dusseldorf Rhenish Symphony or Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major
Its fourth and penultimate movement features a stately contrapuntal melody that was supposedly inspired by the composer's attendance at a ceremony marking the elevation of an archbishop at the Cologne Cathedral Rhenish Symphony or Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major
For 10 points, identify this work written in E flat major, a symphony by Robert Schumann. Rhenish Symphony or Symphony No. 3 in E Flat Major
One of his compositions for six vocalists is based on a single B-flat ninth chord and requires the singers to emphasize overtones up to the 24th partial Karlheinz Stockhausen
He included a serialized part for a mime making prayer gestures in his Inori, and Plus-Minus was the first of his "process compositions." His work with indeterminacy includes Zyklus, a spirally-bound score that can begin on any page, and Refrain, which fe Karlheinz Stockhausen
Another piece is scored for three orchestras with three conductors, and is called Gruppen Karlheinz Stockhausen
Each part of his most ambitious work opens with a "Greeting" and ends with a "Farewell." The "Farewell" for Thursday was played, at its premiere, from the rooftops of the square outside La Scala Karlheinz Stockhausen
For 10 points, identify this composer of several Klavierstücke, the seven-part operatic cycle Licht, and the Helicopter Quartet. Karlheinz Stockhausen
Guillaume Lekeu wrote two symphonic versions of this kind of work, the second of which is known as "Ophelia." A set of four "great concert" versions of this kind of work is the Opus 111 of Ignaz Moscheles, and includes "La Fougue." A set of these consti études (accept studies; accept Symphonic Études before the second sentence)
Leopold Godowsky wrote a set of 53 of these which are adaptations of a better-known 19th-century set of these; the latter set includes pieces known as the "Winter Wind" and "Revolutionary." For 10 points, identify this type of composition, "transcendenta études (accept studies; accept Symphonic Études before the second sentence)
One of them features a series of verses rising in vehemence and is commonly named for "the People," while another is a somber piece in E minor known as the "Funeral March." They also include a piece in E major named "Berceuse" and a work in G major title Songs Without Words or Lieder Ohne Worte
Ultimately comprising 8 books, the more oft played pieces include the Duetto and the three Venetian Boat Songs Songs Without Words or Lieder Ohne Worte
For 10 points, name this series of 48 works for the piano that do not feature lyrics, and were composed by Felix Mendelssohn. Songs Without Words or Lieder Ohne Worte
During the course of this work the harmony moves steadily up, from D minor, up to E, and then F Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel or Gretchen am Spinnrade, D. 118 (Opus 2)
It ends with a death wish and a recapitulation of the refrain, "O, my heart is sad, my rest is o'er." Its climax, accompanied by a fortissimo ascent to B flat major, occurs during the memory of a kiss, at which point the insistent piano accompaniment sto Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel or Gretchen am Spinnrade, D. 118 (Opus 2)
Composed one year before another of its composer's Goethe-inspired works, The Elf-King, this work is set in a room by a window where an enraptured girl waits while her foot rises and falls on a pedal Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel or Gretchen am Spinnrade, D. 118 (Opus 2)
For 10 points, identify this lied that depicts a Faust heroine dreaming of her love as she manipulates the title object, a work by Franz Schubert. Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel or Gretchen am Spinnrade, D. 118 (Opus 2)
The final portion of this work's middle section, which suggests the influence of Debussy's Homage to Rameau, ends with an instruction that it be played "without expression." That section is paced by the soft repetition of irregularly grouped B flats that Gaspard de la nuit
This composition opens with a movement that features a shimmering C sharp major figuration contrasted with a soft melody symbolizing the appearance of a deadly water nymph Gaspard de la nuit
Its final section, a scherzo, that features hand crossings and repeated-note figures broken out into octaves, portrays a mean-spirited dwarf, and was composed to be more demanding than Balakirev's Islamey Gaspard de la nuit
Divided into three sections, "Le Gibet," "Ondine," and "Scarbo," for 10 points, identify this 1908 work inspired by Aloysius Bertrand's poems, a work for piano by Maurice Ravel. Gaspard de la nuit
His first symphony ends with a passacaglia and despite its odd title is actually composed of four movements Samuel Barber
One of this man's works, which was originally called The Serpent Heart, features a Parodos that introduces the characters and includes a notable "Dance of Vengeance." Another of this man's pieces opens with a flute solo before other themes, including one Samuel Barber
He was inspired by Prometheus Unbound in creating his Music for a Scene from Shelley and looked to Sheridan to compose the Overture to the School for Scandal Samuel Barber
Another work by this composer of the Capricorn Concerto originated as the slow movement of a Quartet in B minor and was first performed by Toscanini in 1938 Samuel Barber
For 10 points, identify this composer of Vanessa and the Adagio for Strings. Samuel Barber
One series of works by this composer features such titles as "Versatility" and "The New Classicism," those Satires were written four years before this composer's Folksongs for Chorus Arnold Schoenberg
A series of trills on one of the title instruments ends this composer's Fantasy for Violin and Piano Arnold Schoenberg
This man used a series of ascending fourths and descending minor seconds to symbolize the severity of the title figure in his Ode to Napoleon, while his final works, including A Survivor from Warsaw and Kol Nidre, reflected his Jewish heritage Arnold Schoenberg
This man, who composed a huge cantata for 140 players based on poems by Jens Peter Jacobsen, the Gurrelieder, discussed his ideas in such volumes as Theory of Harmony and used "Sprechstimme" in his song cycle about a clown Arnold Schoenberg
For 10 points, identify this creator of the 12 tone technique, the composer of Transfigured Night and Pierrot Lunaire. Arnold Schoenberg
This man's comical cantata “Be still, stop chattering” is often performed like an opera, and depicts the narrator's addiction to coffee Johann Sebastian Bach
He used a musical phrase written by Frederick the Great for his Musical Offering Johann Sebastian Bach
An ominous nine-note phrase opens his composition called Toccata and Fugue in D-Minor Johann Sebastian Bach
His works include the Mass in B Minor and a collection of twenty-four preludes and fugues entitled The Well-Tempered Clavier Johann Sebastian Bach
For 10 points, name this German Baroque composer of the Goldberg Variations and the Brandenburg Concertos. Johann Sebastian Bach
One of this composer's operas sees the bartender Minnie save the life of the outlaw Jack Giacomo Puccini [or Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini]
In addition to Girl of the Golden West, he also composed an opera in which the title character sings “Vissi d'Arte” and laments that her lover's fate is in the hands of Scarpia Giacomo Puccini [or Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini]
Cio-Cio San stabs herself after Pinkerton abandons her in another work by this composer, who died while writing an opera in which Prince Calaf sings the aria “Nessun dorma.” For 10 points, name this Italian composer of the operas Tosca, Turandot, Mada Giacomo Puccini [or Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini]
The songs “But who may abide” and “How beautiful are the feet” were changed after the premiere of this piece, which was debuted in London along with its composer's piece Samson the Messiah [prompt on HWV 56]
It was based on text prepared by Charles Jennens the Messiah [prompt on HWV 56]
It is split into three sections, which depict the Annunciation, the Passion, and the Aftermath the Messiah [prompt on HWV 56]
This work includes the aria “I know that my redeemer liveth” and a section that inspired King George II to stand, the “Hallelujah Chorus.” For 10 points, name this oratorio composed in 1741 by George Frederic Handel. the Messiah [prompt on HWV 56]
This composer was briefly engaged to the Belgian mezzo-soprano Désirée Artôt, to whom he dedicated his Six French Songs Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky [or Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky]
Among his symphonies are his unnumbered Manfred Symphony, one subtitled “Polish,” and one whose second movement features a waltz-like melody in five-four time Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky [or Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky]
His Marche Slave shares parts with a composition that is partly scored for cannon fire Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky [or Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky]
He also wrote a ballet that features the “Dance of the Sugarplum Fairy.” For 10 points, name this Russian composer of the Pathétique Symphony, the 1812 Overture, and The Nutcracker. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky [or Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky]
This piece was orchestrated by the composer of the Grand Canyon Suite, Ferde Grofé Rhapsody in Blue
After this work's distinctive solo opening, which was improvised by Ross Gorman, a trumpet theme enters Rhapsody in Blue
This piece's composer played piano when it premiered at the Aeolian Hall during the “Experiment in Modern Music” concert Rhapsody in Blue
This “musical kaleidoscope of America,” which was written for Paul Whiteman's band, opens with a trill followed by a seventeen-note clarinet glissando Rhapsody in Blue
For 10 points, name this George Gershwin work for piano and jazz band. Rhapsody in Blue
This musician's later career saw the production of the album In a Silent Way, which marks a shift towards fusion and electronic music Miles Dewey Davis
The nonet he formed in 1948 with Gerry Mulligan and Gil Evans produced the singles “Boplicity” and “Budo.” The music of Joaquín Rodrigo and Manuel de Falla served as a basis for his record Sketches of Spain Miles Dewey Davis
This musician of the album Birth of the Cool included the songs “Freddie Freeloader” and “So What” on another album Miles Dewey Davis
For 10 points, name this jazz trumpeter, known for his album Kind of Blue. Miles Dewey Davis
This composer based part of one work on a friend singing a snippet from the Pathetique sonata Sir Edward William Elgar
He tried to depict the “stout and steaky” character of a city in his concert overture Cockaigne, subtitled “In London Town.” He depicted a pious man's soul ascending to the judgment in a work based on a Cardinal Newman poem Sir Edward William Elgar
Another of his pieces has movements like “Dorabella” and “Nimrod.” The last night of the BBC Proms features his march that is often played at graduations Sir Edward William Elgar
For 10 points, name this English composer of The Enigma Variations and Pomp and Circumstance. Sir Edward William Elgar
This composer transcribed a forlane from another composer's Concerts Royaux, inspiring his six-part memorial of World War I soldiers Joseph-Maurice Ravel
Pianist Ricardo Viñes debuted many of this man's pieces, including a Spanish dance that was inspired by his teacher, Gabriel Fauré Joseph-Maurice Ravel
This composer arranged the most-performed version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition and wrote The Tomb of Couperin and the Pavane for a Dead Princess Joseph-Maurice Ravel
A constant ostinato rhythm in the snare drums characterizes another of his pieces Joseph-Maurice Ravel
For 10 points, name this French composer of Boléro. Joseph-Maurice Ravel
This composer opened the fourth movement of his second minor-key symphony with a Mannheim Rocket Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
This composer of the Great G-minor Symphony wrote a well-loved C-minor Piano Concerto No Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
24 and an A-major Clarinet Concerto Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
His wife Constanze lobbied Franz Süssmayer to complete this composer's Requiem Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
He composed the Prague and Jupiter symphonies, which are found in the Koechel catalog of his works Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
For 10 points, name this composer who wrote Eine Kleine Nachtmusik and variations on the melody that became Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
British composer Harrison Birtwistle composed an opera titled for the mask of this character, whose “wonderful constancy of love” titles a Telemann opera Orpheus [or Orfeo]
He sings the passionate “Rosa del ciel” aria and converses with the messenger Sylvia in another opera Orpheus [or Orfeo]
“The Dance of the Blessed Spirits” appears in an opera about this figure by Christoph Gluck Orpheus [or Orfeo]
His attempt to save his lover erupts into can-can music in a Jacques Offenbach opera, which is titled for him “in the Underworld.” For 10 points, name this character who appears in those operas with his lover, Eurydice. Orpheus [or Orfeo]
An E-minor composition by this man uses minor second intervals to produce dissonant “wrong note” sounds Frédéric Francois Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin]
He composed a G-flat major work in which the right hand plays arpeggios consisting almost entirely of sharps and flats Frédéric Francois Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin]
This composer of the Black Key Etude wrote a work that was compared to a dog chasing its tail Frédéric Francois Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin]
He honored his home nation by writing a solo piano work that venerates the November Uprising Frédéric Francois Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin]
For 10 points, name this composer of the Revolutionary Etude and the “Minute Waltz,” a prolific writer of nocturnes and polonaises from Poland. Frédéric Francois Chopin [or Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin]
One symphonic work by this composer was written for Johann Maelzel's “Panharmonicon,” a mechanical contraption that could play military band instruments Ludwig van Beethoven
Richard Wagner called this composer's frenetic seventh symphony the “apotheosis of the dance.” One of his symphonies begins with a short-short-short-long motif that was dubbed “fate knocking on the door.” His sixth and third symphonies are the Pas Ludwig van Beethoven
For 10 points, name this German composer, whose Choral Ninth Symphony contains a fourth-movement setting of “Ode to Joy.” Ludwig van Beethoven
In 2007, Zenph Studios released a “re-performance” of this man's 1955 debut album, the original performance of which kicked off this musician's love for the “take-two-ness” of the recording studio Glenn Herbert Gould
Before a 1962 performance, Leonard Bernstein claimed no responsibility for this artist's slow interpretation of a Johannes Brahms piece Glenn Herbert Gould
This performer of a 1955 recording of the Goldberg Variations had a habit of tapping his feet and humming while playing Glenn Herbert Gould
For 10 points, name this eccentric Canadian pianist who was renowned for his interpretations of J.S Glenn Herbert Gould
Bach. Glenn Herbert Gould
One aria in this opera sees the villain hand the female protagonist a knife, order her to kill a priest, and sing about “Hell's vengeance.” One character in this opera escapes from a Moor named Monostatos The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberflöte]
Another character in this opera is the birdcatcher Papageno The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberflöte]
The opera hits high F6 in its soprano aria “Der Holle Rache.” Its plot centers on the love between Tamina and Pamino The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberflöte]
The priest Sarastro opposes the Queen of the Night in this opera The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberflöte]
For 10 points, name this opera about an enchanted woodwind instrument, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The Magic Flute [or Die Zauberflöte]
This artist's treatise, I Comentarii, published in 1447, gave a history of ancient art and discussed the author's admiration for certain painters of Siena Lorenzo Ghiberti
He created large bronze statues of saints Stephen, Matthew, and John the Baptist for the Or San Michele in Florence while he was still working on another project for which he had been chosen over six other artists, including Brunelleschi, in 1402 Lorenzo Ghiberti
FTP, name this sculptor of the Gates of Paradise at the Baptistery of the Cathedral of Florence. Lorenzo Ghiberti
A chisel for woodcarving is named after this transplanted Dutchman, whom John Evelyn claimed to have discovered Grinling Gibbons
His installations at Hampton Court Palace and Windsor Castle consist primarily of flowers, leaves and birds, at which he was most adept Grinling Gibbons
FTP, identify this master woodcarver, perhaps best known for his decorations for the Choir in St Grinling Gibbons
Paul's Cathedral. Grinling Gibbons
Sharing many design characteristics with the Roman basilica, this structure was built to house the Works and Industry of All Nations Crystal Palace
Its architect, an employee of the duke of Devonshire, based its design on a greenhouse he had built for his patron Crystal Palace
Built with prefabricated parts in only six months, it was dismantled after the end of the Great Exhibition of 1851 and was reassembled on the outskirts of London, where it remained until it was destroyed by fire in 1936 Crystal Palace
FTP name this innovative glass-and-iron structure designed by Joseph Paxton. Crystal Palace
Working closely with real estate developer William Zeckendorf, he created such urban projects as the Place Ville-Marie in Montreal Ieoh Ming Pei
After branching out on his own, notable designs included those for the Everson Museum of Art in Syracuse, N.Y Ieoh Ming Pei
and a pentagonal control tower for use by the FAA Ieoh Ming Pei
He began a rebuilding project for the Louvre in 1984, but much of his work was in the northeast U.S Ieoh Ming Pei
such as the New York City Convention Center and the JFK Memorial Library at Harvard Ieoh Ming Pei
After founding his own firm in 1955, he might have been returning to his roots with designs for the Luce Memorial Chapel in Taiwan and the Beijing Fragrant Hall Ieoh Ming Pei
FTP, name this Chinese-born American architect. Ieoh Ming Pei
Among its practitioners were William Jenney and Dankmar Adler; among its best-known examples is the Monadnock Building Chicago School of Architecture
Known at the time as the "commercial school," it was marked by simplicity, structural regularity, and a concern for integrating the latest technological advances with the needs of modern commercial life, most notably in the development of sky scrapers Chicago School of Architecture
FTP, identify this turn-of-the-century school of architecture, whose work was best exemplified by Louis Sullivan. Chicago School of Architecture
During the early 19th century in America, there was a revival of the highly decorative "Canaletto" style, especially among portrait painters such as John Singleton Copley picture frames
Thomas Sully, however, preferred plain, less ornate ones, which were well suited to the simple light-hearted appeal of his subjects picture frames
Thomas Eakins was famous for designing and building his own picture frames
FTP, identify these devices which are usually made of chestnut, and usually covered with a layer of gesso and bole before they are gilded. picture frames
Born of peasant stock in the village of Hobitza, naturally he was a shepherd in the Carpathian Mountains as a youth Constantin Brancusi
In 1904 he landed in Paris where he would work the rest of his life Constantin Brancusi
With his famous comment "No other trees can grow in the shadow of an oak," he refused an apprenticeship with Rodin Constantin Brancusi
He thus began creating a distinctive style, based on his feeling that "what is real is not the external form but the essence of things." For 10 points, name this sculptor of Table of Silence and Bird in Space. Constantin Brancusi
Because of intense pressure from the Soviet government, which tried to block its screening altogether, its premiere was held at 4:00 in the morning on the last day of the 1969 Cannes Festival Andrei Rublev (roob-LOFE) (accept Strasti po Andreyu or The Gospel According to Andrei)
However, the few critics who were awake to see it liked it enough that it was awarded the festival's Fipreschi Prize, although it would not be seen in the U.S.S.R Andrei Rublev (roob-LOFE) (accept Strasti po Andreyu or The Gospel According to Andrei)
for another five years, owing to its overtly religious theme Andrei Rublev (roob-LOFE) (accept Strasti po Andreyu or The Gospel According to Andrei)
For 10 points name this masterpiece of Soviet director Andrei Tarkovsky, a fictionalized biography of medieval Russia's greatest icon painter. Andrei Rublev (roob-LOFE) (accept Strasti po Andreyu or The Gospel According to Andrei)
She was born illegitimate to a Dutch courtesan and French law student and spent much of her early life in a convent Sarah Bernhardt
She wanted to be a nun, but one of her mother's lovers, a half-brother of Napoleon III, arranged for her to enter the Conservatoire Sarah Bernhardt
Her first resounding success was in a revival of Kean, a work by Alexandre Dumas pere, and she captivated international theater audiences of the Belle Epoque with her performances as the title character in Dumas fils' La Dame aux camélias Sarah Bernhardt
FTP, name this world renowned French theatre actress of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, known to her admirers as "the Divine Sarah." Sarah Bernhardt
They were purchased in 1806 by British diplomat Thomas Bruce to prevent them from being destroyed by Turkish forces or to adorn his Scottish country home, depending on which story you believe the Elgin Marbles (also accept the Parthenon Marbles or the Parthenon Frieze)
They include a depiction of the Greek god Dionysus, but they are most well known for portraying men on horseback celebrating the goddess Athena the Elgin Marbles (also accept the Parthenon Marbles or the Parthenon Frieze)
FTP, identify this collection of ancient sculptures that has been the focus of a long-running feud between the British and Greek governments. the Elgin Marbles (also accept the Parthenon Marbles or the Parthenon Frieze)
It is headless and poised upright with spread wings at a galley prow, and soft folds of fabric are flattened against the body Winged Victory of Samothrace (or Victoire de Samothrace)
Since the 1950 discovery of its open right hand, it was assumed that the figure's right arm was stretched high to announce the victory of a Rhodian naval victory in the 3rd or 2nd century BC Winged Victory of Samothrace (or Victoire de Samothrace)
FTP, what is this world-famous statue found in the Louvre? Winged Victory of Samothrace (or Victoire de Samothrace)
It is known for its northwest spire, called the clôture neuf, which was added in 1523 to balance an earlier tower Chartres ("shartr") Cathedral
This cathedral, executed in the Early Gothic Style, was nearly destroyed by fire in 1194 Chartres ("shartr") Cathedral
Rebuilding was nearly finished by 1220 and continuing improvements included flying buttresses making it the first building of High Gothic Style Chartres ("shartr") Cathedral
FTP, name this French cathedral, considered unique for the sculpture of its Royal Portals and the asymmetry of its west facade, which includes two towers of different Gothic styles. Chartres ("shartr") Cathedral
John Dinkeloo, the head engineer of this project, needed 886 tons of stainless steel, more than any other construction ever The Gateway Arch (accept early St. Louis Arch)
The sides are made of two layers of steel with concrete in between, 54 feet across on the ground and 17 feet at the 630 foot high top The Gateway Arch (accept early St. Louis Arch)
The two bases are equilateral triangles on foundations 60 feet deep, and form a catenary curve The Gateway Arch (accept early St. Louis Arch)
FTP, name this monument designed by Eero Saarinen and located in St The Gateway Arch (accept early St. Louis Arch)
Louis. The Gateway Arch (accept early St. Louis Arch)
The 1887 invention of gunpowder flash facilitated this man's most famous work, which was inspired by the work of John Thomson Jacob Riis
His other works include The Children of the Poor and the autobiography The Making of an American, which details his childhood in Denmark and his work as a New York reporter Jacob Riis
FTP name this photojournalist who brought about the elimination of the Mulberry Bend slum with photos such as "Bandits Roost," published in his 1890 book How the Other Half Lives. Jacob Riis
His support of Robert Gray and his ship the Columbia helped to promote the first circumnavigation of the globe by an American Charles Bulfinch
Early in his life he travelled to London and studied under Robert Adam and his design for the Augusta capitol features a 185 foot dome topped by a statue of Minerva Charles Bulfinch
He also designed the Conneticut State House and was the fourth man to work on the United States Capitol, following after Latrobe Charles Bulfinch
FTP identify this man whose most famous works are still somewhat intact in and around Boston. Charles Bulfinch
In 1948, he returned to his native country to lead the planning office created to rebuilt after World War II Alvar Henrik Aalto
Together with his first wife Aino Marsio, he designed furnishings for many of his buildings, often entirely of laminated wood Alvar Henrik Aalto
In 1935, they founded Artek, a furnishing company Alvar Henrik Aalto
His works included the Villa Mairea and a new civic center for the island village of Saynatsalo made of brick and timber and set on a high terrace Alvar Henrik Aalto
FTP, name this architect of MIT's Baker House and Helsinki's Finlandia House. Alvar Henrik Aalto
Their greatest work was finished by Jean Colombe 70 years after their death in 1416, presumably from the plague Limbourg
Although Paul was the eldest, the first mention of any of them came in the late 1390's when Jean and Hermanne were hired as apprenticed to a Paris goldsmith Limbourg
They were contracted to illuminate a Bible for Phillip the Bold, the Duke of Burgundy, before they began their unfinished work for the Duc de Berry Limbourg
Identify these International Gothic artists of Tres Belles Heures and Tres Riches Heures, who FTP, were a trio of Netherlandish brothers? Limbourg
One of few churches designed in the Early English Gothic style throughout, its silhouette is low and sprawling Salisbury Cathedral
The west facade is wider than the church itself, the truncated flying buttresses serve no architectural purpose, and its dark marble supports contrast with the rest of the interior Salisbury Cathedral
Its crossing tower, added more than a century after the cathedral's completion, is in danger of toppling due to inadequate support Salisbury Cathedral
FTP what is this English cathedral, a favorite subject of John Constable? Salisbury Cathedral
Upon its completion in 1962, a writer for Interiors magazine named Edgar Kaufmann called it "a festival of ordered movements and exhilarating vistas; however, its chief architect quietly explained, "I wanted to catch the excitement of the trip." Using fo TWA Flight Center or TWA Terminal (prompt on JFK airport before it's mentioned)
For 10 points, what is this boldly expressionistic building designed by Eero Saarinen for New York's John F TWA Flight Center or TWA Terminal (prompt on JFK airport before it's mentioned)
Kennedy International Airport? TWA Flight Center or TWA Terminal (prompt on JFK airport before it's mentioned)
The teacher of Hugo van der Goes, he elaborated upon the concept of "space pockets" introduced by his own teacher, Dieric Bouts Joos van Ghent or Joos van Wassenhove
The first major Dutch artist to travel to Italy, while traveling he worked on the "Famous Men" series in the study of Federigo da Montefeltro and created a large Communion of the Apostles altarpiece after the commissioner fired Paolo Uccello Joos van Ghent or Joos van Wassenhove
FTP, name the artist often referred to by his adopted hometown of Ghent. Joos van Ghent or Joos van Wassenhove
Creator of the painted wooden crucifix in Sta Maria Novella, this man received the world's first technical patent for an invention that he claimed would help him haul marble down the Arno River Filippo Brunelleschi
Originally a goldsmith and sculptor, he designed the Pazzi chapel and the Church of the Santo Spiritu after he lost a bid to design the gates of the Florence Baptistery to Lorenzo Ghiberti Filippo Brunelleschi
FTP, name this first great Renaissance architect best-known for his design of the dome of the Florence cathedral. Filippo Brunelleschi
Originally named Alekseyev, this man joined Vladimir Nemirovitch-Danchenko in founding the Moscow Art Theater, producing plays like The Seagull and The Lower Depths Konstantin Stanislavsky
Author of the autobiography My Life in Art, he headed the Bolshoi Opera Studio, which was later named for him, and founded the Opera Drama Studio Konstantin Stanislavsky
FTP, who is this actor, director, and producer best-known for his innovative "method" style of acting? Konstantin Stanislavsky
A contributor to the magazine G, this man served as director of the Werkbund-sponsored Weissenhof project in the 1920s and 30s, producing the Weissenhof Apartment Complex in Stuttgart in 1927 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Architect of the New National Gallery in Berlin and the Tugendhat House in Brno, he was famous for his dictum "Less is more" Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
One-time director of the Bauhaus, he also produced the Farnsworth House in Plano, Illinois and the Lake Shore Drive Apartments in Chicago Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
FTP, identify this architect perhaps most famous for collaborating with Philip Johnson on New York's Seagram Building. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
One of his last works was the design of the Samuel Morse and Ezra Stiles Colleges at Yale Eero Saarinen (prompt on just last name)
This contrasted with his early period in furniture that was noted for its use of molded plastic and plywood Eero Saarinen (prompt on just last name)
His first major commission was the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan and other buildings he designed include the Kresge Auditorium at MIT, the CBS building in New York, Ingalls Hockey Rink at Yale, and Dulles International Airport Eero Saarinen (prompt on just last name)
FTP, name this architect, most famous for the TWA terminal at JFK Airport and the Gateway Arch. Eero Saarinen (prompt on just last name)
It concludes with a chorus that begins "Let the Priests of the Raven dawn," and also has at the ending, "A Song of Liberty," which was added as a coda The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
This work has several sections entitled "A Memorable Fancy," which are parodies of the Memorable Relations written by the man who inspired it The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
The poet's words in the opening summary that "Reason and Energy" are both "necessary to human existence" and "Without Contraries is no progression," are statements that echo the union proposed in the title The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
Inspired by the works of Emmanuel Swedenborg, FTP, name this 25-plate masterpiece composed and etched by William Blake. The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
In front of it on the left and right are two intarsia skeletons affecting celebratory poses Vision of the Ecstasy of St. Theresa
To the right and left of it, in so-called "boxes," are various dignitaries including Federigo, the patron Vision of the Ecstasy of St. Theresa
It consists of two figures, with the one on the left holding an iron tipped spear, though everything else is in white marble Vision of the Ecstasy of St. Theresa
The centerpiece of the Cornaro Chapel, it draws attention from the numerous rays of sunshine streaking down to the title character, who conveys total surrender Vision of the Ecstasy of St. Theresa
FTP, name this most famous sculpture of Gianlorenzo Bernini. Vision of the Ecstasy of St. Theresa
In his work "On the Family" he tackled the problems of the bourgeois life through the eyes of Cicero and Seneca Leon Battista Alberti
He served as secretary for six popes, including Eugene IV and Nicholas V, who started him on a rebuilding project for Saint Peter's Leon Battista Alberti
He left behind two major creations in Mantua, San Sebastiano and San Andrea, though it was ultimately his pupils that carried out his two most famous designs, the Palazzo Rucellai and the Church of Santa Maria Novella Leon Battista Alberti
FTP, name this author of On Painting and De Re Aedificatoria, a 15th-century Florentine architect. Leon Battista Alberti
When Akira Kurosawa could not find funds for Japanese investors to produce his epic film Ran, this man brought European and American investors together to fund it Luis Bunuel
He could do so because of his reputation derived from such films as Viridiana Luis Bunuel
He also directed Belle de Jour featuring Catherine Deneuve and The Discrete Charm of the Bourgeoisie, which won an Oscar for best foreign film Luis Bunuel
Films like The Age of Gold earned him the title of father of cinematic surrealism Luis Bunuel
FTP, name this man perhaps most famous for his collaboration with Salvador Dali in his seventeen-minute film Un Chien Andalou, or An Andalusian Dog. Luis Bunuel
Forty life-sized statues were to surround it and it was to be 7 meters wide, 11 meters deep and 8 meters high Tomb of Julius II or Mausoleum of Julius II
It was to be free-standing with the centerpiece in the shape of an oval Tomb of Julius II or Mausoleum of Julius II
According to the iconographic plan, it was to consist of three levels in accordance with the Christian world Tomb of Julius II or Mausoleum of Julius II
In 1513, its grand design was reduced to a few statues, including the unfinished "Struggling Slave" and "Dying Slave" and the impressive "Moses." FTP, name this design of Michelangelo's, originally meant to reside under the newly completed Saint Peter's Tomb of Julius II or Mausoleum of Julius II
Construction on this building was inititated in the 13th century by Ibn al-Ahmar of the Nasrid dynasty, and as completed it consists of an old fortress and a slightly more modern palace complex The Alhambra or The Red Castle
The Court of the Pools makes up part of the palace, while the other major part is home to a famous alabaster basin suported by twelve white marble lions, and is appropriately named The Court of Lions The Alhambra or The Red Castle
With a name probably derived from the color of its bricks, FTP, what is this Moorish palace of Grenada. The Alhambra or The Red Castle
Richard Morris Hunt suggested that this man take up a job with Furness and Hewitt, with whom he worked until joined the atelier of Emile Vaudremer Louis Sullivan
His ideal design, the Fraternity Temple was never built, and his first major design was the Schlesinger & Mayer store, the first of the Carson Pirie Scott & Company buildings Louis Sullivan
A lifelong collaboration with Dankmar Adler resulted in such designs as the famous Guaranty Building in Buffalo Louis Sullivan
FTP, identify this mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright, best known for his Wainwright Building. Louis Sullivan
He first attained a perception of spatial depth through his invention of the schiacciato technique, which he used for the bald Zuccone, part of a series of prophets carved for the Campanile of his city Donatello (accept: Donati di Niccolo di Betto Bardi)
At about the same time, he worked on a famous scene for the Siena baptistery known as the Salome scene Donatello (accept: Donati di Niccolo di Betto Bardi)
His 1416 St Donatello (accept: Donati di Niccolo di Betto Bardi)
George and the Dragon shows his transition from gothic to humanistic perspectivism, while his later residency at Padua after 1443 saw the completion of the San Antonio Altarpiece and the equestrian statue, the Gattamelatta Donatello (accept: Donati di Niccolo di Betto Bardi)
FTP, name this early Renaissance Florentine sculptor who created the first large bronze freestanding nude since classical times, known as The Boy David. Donatello (accept: Donati di Niccolo di Betto Bardi)
Built on the site of an abandoned lumber mill, this building was featured in a recent Lexus commercial Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (prompt on Guggenheim)
Computer aided design was used to translate abstract shapes into a usable form that from the front looks like two ships colliding Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (prompt on Guggenheim)
From above, the building looks like a flower with boot, sail, snake and fish forms Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (prompt on Guggenheim)
Specially fabricated, ultra-thin titanium tiles that look like scales surround galleries of varying size Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (prompt on Guggenheim)
FTP, name this museum that opened in 1997, the finest achievement of architect Frank Gehry. Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain (prompt on Guggenheim)
The "aerial" type utilizes paleness and blue colors, the "parallel" type is often seen in Chinese art, while medieval painting often incorporated the "inverted" type perspective
Vasari reports that Paolo Uccello loved it so much that he neglected his wife to put in into paintings like "The Hunt in the Forest" perspective
Described in Alberti's treatise "De Pictura" after its invention by Brunelleschi, it was first used on a large scale in the paintings of Masaccio, often implemented using convergence of parallel lines and apparent diminution in the size of objects perspective
FTP, what is this method of representing spatial extension into depth on a flat or shallow surface? perspective
Its dome features a corona of 40 arched windows which flood the interior with light, and is the first major example of a dome built on pendentives Hagia Sophia (or Church of Holy Wisdom)
The east and west arches are extended by half-domes which create its characteristic oblong nave Hagia Sophia (or Church of Holy Wisdom)
Built by Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, some of its decorative mosaics have been recently uncovered by removing the whitewash that covered them during its alterations by the Turks, who also added four minarets Hagia Sophia (or Church of Holy Wisdom)
FTP, what is this great church in Istanbul? Hagia Sophia (or Church of Holy Wisdom)
He used transparent materials liberally for the "Crystal Church" in Garden Grove, CA, and for his neo-gothic design for the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company Philip C. Johnson
His own home, designed as his senior thesis while at Harvard, is located in New Caanan, Connecticut Philip C. Johnson
Including such practical innovations as a free-standing breakfast bar, and sporting a famous sprayed-concrete visitor's center, it is commonly known as "the Glass House." A frequent collaborator with John Burgee and co-founder of the "International Schoo Philip C. Johnson
When fully open, this work displays gilded and polychrome statues of the saints Anthony Abbot, Augustine, and Jerome Isenheim Altarpiece
The exterior wings, likewise when opened, show four scenes - Annunciation, Angelic Concert, Madonna and Child, and Resurrection Isenheim Altarpiece
When all the wings are closed, viewers are given four scenes - Lamentation is found on the work's predella, Saint Sebastian is on the left, Saint Anthony is on the right, and the middle part shows a very famous crucifixion scene Isenheim Altarpiece
FTP, name this altarpiece made for a monastic hospital by Matthias Grunewald. Isenheim Altarpiece
In the Puccini opera "Gianni Schicchi," Lauretta threatens to hurl herself off of this structure if she is not allowed to marry Rinnuccio Ponte Vecchio
Vasari designed the corridor above the shops, while in 1345 Taddeo Gaddi designed its main structure, consisting of three great arches on massive piers Ponte Vecchio
Albert Kesselring, the Nazi commander in Italy, thought it was so beautiful that he did not have the heart to blow it up Ponte Vecchio
FTP, name this bridge Ponte Vecchio
His "Family of Man" exhibit was based on the motif of human solidarity derived from his brother-in-law Carl Sandburg's biography of Lincoln Edward Steichen
During his stint as head of the U.S Edward Steichen
Army's air force photographic division he shifted his artistic credo and began to pursue "maximum realism", at the same time he became chief artist for Vogue and Vanity Fair and his images of a veiled Gloria Swanson and a smiling Charlie Chaplin became ic Edward Steichen
But what man, FTP, is best remembered for his early, misty pictures produced during his time as a Photo-secessionist and associate of Stieglitz at 291. Edward Steichen
The top of this structure is rendered as a deep overhanging cornice faced in an ornamented terra cotta skin; while the middle section consists of red brick pilasters with decorated terra cotta spandrels to match the skin above Wainwright building
But it is the suppressed all steel transom taken from the facade of Richardson's Marshall Field Store built two years earlier that gives this 10 story building, set on a two-foot-high string course of Missouri granite, its vertical emphasis Wainwright building
FTP identify this famed 1890 skyscraper built in St Wainwright building
Louis and designed by Louis Sullivan. Wainwright building
He tried his hand at painting with the 1475 Baptism of Christ, which was completed by his more famous apprentice Andrea del Verrocchio
He completed a terracotta bust of Lorenzo the Magnificent now in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, and a bronze group of Christ and St Andrea del Verrocchio
Thomas for the Or San Michele Andrea del Verrocchio
Around 1470, he was commissioned for a tomb for Piero and Giovanni de' Medici in the Old Sacristy of San Lorenzo Andrea del Verrocchio
However, he is most famous for an equestrian statue Andrea del Verrocchio
FTP, identify this Florentine sculptor most famous for his Bartolomeo Colleoni and his students Perugino and Leonardo da Vinci. Andrea del Verrocchio
Derided as "Reaganvilles" or as Disneyfied-pastiche, some see communities planned in this way as the solution to suburban sprawl and dysfunctional towns New Urbanism (prompt on Neo-Traditionalism)
Influenced by Lon Krier and Jane Jacobs, and practiced most prolifically by the Miami firm of Duany/Plater-Zyberk, notable developments in this style include Kentlands, Maryland, and Celebration and Seaside, Florida New Urbanism (prompt on Neo-Traditionalism)
FTP, name this trend in urban planning, whose objective is pedestrian walkability and cohesiveness, which draws heavily from towns built before WWII. New Urbanism (prompt on Neo-Traditionalism)
The bronze in the baldachino in St Pantheon
Peter's came from this building's ceiling Pantheon
Its portico consists of three rows of eight columns of Egyptian granite, which support an entablature bearing a Latin inscription attributing this building to its architect, though Hadrian rebuilt the extant building Pantheon
The only natural light that enters this building is through the bronze portico doors and through the oculus at the top of its massive dome, which was the largest until the advent of St Pantheon
Peter's Basilica Pantheon
FTP, name this Roman domed building first built by Agrippa and dedicated to all the gods. Pantheon
With a 15-foot diameter, this steel and bronze work weighs about 45,000 pounds, though part of its surface is now "peeled back like a sardine can." Created in 1971 as a monument to fostering world peace through world trade, it sat atop a granite fountain The Sphere
FTP, give the "shapely" name of this Fritz Koenig brass sculpture which will serve as an interim memorial in New York's Battery Park. The Sphere
He was successfully satirized in A Tale of a Tub as the character In-and-In Medley after another satirical portrait, Vitruvius Hoop, was censored Inigo Jones
Under the patronage of the Earl of Pembroke he introduced in England the "picture-stage" framed by a proscenium arch and concealed by a curtain Inigo Jones
Famous in his time for his costume designs and collaborations with Ben Jonson, he is remembered today for the piazza he designed for Covent Garden and the Queen's House in Greenwich Inigo Jones
FTP, name this 17th century British architect of the Banqueting House in Whitehall Palace. Inigo Jones
Apprenticed to a sculptor in Padua, he worked as a stonemason for Count Giorgio Trissino outside Vincenza Andrea Palladio
At the Villa Trissino, he would later study the works of Vitruvius, whom he called his master and guide Andrea Palladio
His first great work was the Villa Godi in 1540, that included symmetrical wings for stables and barns, and a walled courtyard in front of the house, but his Villa Rotunda in 1567 would become known as the first modern example of integrated landscape and Andrea Palladio
FTP, name this 16th century architect, and author of the Four Books of Architecture. Andrea Palladio
The Pamphlij family palace was built on the oval piazza that houses this structure Fountain of the Four Rivers
The rock form at the bottom features a lion, a horse, and a palm tree, all carved in situ by its creator himself Fountain of the Four Rivers
An obelisk looks down on several figures, including a black man surrounded by coins, and a man with his head covered, representing the mystery of the Nile's source to Europeans Fountain of the Four Rivers
Other figures represent the Danube, the Ganges, and the aforementioned Rio de la Plata in, FTP, what fountain designed for Innocent X by Bernini and named for the number of geographical features represented. Fountain of the Four Rivers
Four figures are being trampled at the lower right, and another has already died at the lower left The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
At the top left, a grinning angel points two fingers of his right hand The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
The two figures on the right have pointy hats; one is waving a sword, another is drawing back a bow The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
The one on the left is long-bearded and skeletal The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
The most central of the figures has curly hair, is trailing a set of scales, and has the longest-maned mount The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
FTP, name this woodcut by Albrecht Dürer about the four title figures. The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
Begun in 1278 and completed in 1350, it was planned by Dominican brothers Sisto and Ristoro, and built on the site of Santa Maria delle Vigne Church of Santa Maria Novella
With a campanile and Sacristy by Jacopo Talenti, its piazza was used as a site for chariot races, a fact memorialized by two marble obelisks set on top of bronze turtles Church of Santa Maria Novella
Pablo Uccello decorated its Green Cloister with scenes like The Drunkenness of Noah, and it also contains Vasari's Madonna of the Rosary Church of Santa Maria Novella
FTP, name this gothic cathedral in Florence whose façade was completed by Alberti and whose most famous artistic monument is Massacio's Trinity. Church of Santa Maria Novella
Although at first eight towers were intended, only two were actually built at the west end Chartres Cathedral of Notre-Dame
The west, north, and south fronts all have triple portals and are decorated with limestone sculptures, including one of the Apostles against the splays of the central doorway in the south transept Chartres Cathedral of Notre-Dame
It is famous for its spires and 136 stained-glass windows, most of which date back to its construction Chartres Cathedral of Notre-Dame
Built from 1194 to 1220, FTP, identify this High Gothic cathedral, named for the town southwest of Paris in which it stands. Chartres Cathedral of Notre-Dame
One of his sculptures, entitled "Fugit Amor," depicts a man and woman with backs pressed together, being torn apart by wind Auguste Rodin
One of his first major works, The Man With the Broken Nose, was followed 18 years later by The Little Man With the Broken Nose Auguste Rodin
He created controversy with the naturalism of The Age of Bronze, and went on to create large works incorporating many individual sculptures like The Gates of Hell and The Burghers of Calais Auguste Rodin
FTP, who was this man who created "The Thinker"? Auguste Rodin
The female lead in this opera expresses her devil-may-care attitude in the piece "Balatella", sometimes known as the "Bird Song" I Pagliacci
It opens with the song "Si puo?", while the second act features the serenade "O Columbine", found in the play within a play I Pagliacci
The plot tells of the discovery that Silvio is having an affair with Nedda, prompting the clown Canio to kill them in his madness I Pagliacci
FTP, what is this opera, the masterpiece of Ruggiero Leoncavallo? I Pagliacci
A former member of the "Pershing Rifles", an elite ROTC unit at New York's Pratt Institute, he put together the book "Lady" in collaboration with bodybuilder Lisa Lyon Robert Mapplethorpe
He shared a cockroach-ridden room at the Chelsea Hotel with Patti Smith, and created the striking cover of her debut album Robert Mapplethorpe
His posthumous "Perfect Moment" tour ground to a halt in 1989 when Washington's Corcoran Art Museum refused to display materials from his "X" portfolio, including "Man in a Polyester Suit" Robert Mapplethorpe
FTP, who was this photographer infamous for his depictions of sadomasochism and the Manhattan underworld? Robert Mapplethorpe
In 1989, artist Jenny Holzer created a marquee that ran continuously for thousands of feet inside this museum the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
The adjacent Thannhauser Building is part of this museum that is built around an open center lighted by a dome of glass the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Many of its paintings are hung on concealed metal arms to give a floating appearance to the collection, which includes the world's largest collection of Kandinsky paintings the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
FTP, what is this spiral-shaped New York City art museum that houses the namesake's collection of Non-Objective Painting, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright? the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Titian satirized this artwork by creating a woodcut in which all of the figures were replaced by monkeys Laocoon
A major renovation was undertaken in the 1950s in which the right arm was returned to the titular figure and placed in its correct position behind his head Laocoon
The subject of a celebrated rediscovery in a Roman vineyard in 1506, most of the information about it comes from Pliny the Elder, who states that in his time it stood in the palace of the emperor Titus, and claims that it was made by Hagesander, Polydorus Laocoon
FTP, what is this ancient marble group representing a Trojan priest and his two sons being crushed to death by a snake? Laocoon
During his time at Harvard with Marcel Breuer he expanded on the ideas set forth in his 1932 manifesto, a collaborative effort with Henry Russell-Hitchcock Philip Cortelyou Johnson
At home around museums, he designed the art gallery at Dumbarton Oaks and the sculpture garden at the Museum of Modern Art Philip Cortelyou Johnson
After 1967, the buildings he and his partner John Burgee worked on, including International Place in Boston, the Dade County Cultural Center, and the Crystal Cathedral in California, began to challenge his earlier principles Philip Cortelyou Johnson
But he is more famous for the work he did under the influence of Mies van der Rohe such as the AT&T Headquarters and the Glass House in New Canaan Philip Cortelyou Johnson
FTP, identify this American exponent of the International Style and designer of the Seagram Building. Philip Cortelyou Johnson
He developed the "zone system" for precisely determining the tone found in different parts of his scenes, while his interest in the variety of light and textures led him to join Willard Van Dyke in forming Group f.64 in 1932 Ansel Adams
Known for his collaborations with Nancy Newhall, he originally studied music, but in 1927 produced "Parmellian Prints of the High Sierras" Ansel Adams
The influence of Paul Strand can be seen in works like "Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico" that typify his use of "straight photography" Ansel Adams
FTP, who was this photographer known for his scenes depicting the mountains of the American west? Ansel Adams
Pauline Kael's book Raising Kane argues that Citizen Kane, usually considered the best example of this concept, was too much of a collaborative effort to exemplify it auteur theory
First coined by Francois Truffaut in the 1954 article "A General Tendency of the French Cinema," it was fully developed by critic Andrew Sarris into a theory that extolled the greatness of directors like Ford, Hawks, Welles, and Hitchcock auteur theory
FTP, what is this theory that argues that individual directors stamp their uniqueness onto their films and which is designated by the French word for "author"? auteur theory
The most productive part of his career included such projects as a statue of Harriet Ward Beecher he created for Brooklyn, figures of the Apostles for the Cathedral of St Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
John the Divine, and his best small sculpture, The Mares of Diomedes Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
He joined the Ku Klux Klan in 1916, but suspended his membership when the Klan refused him creative rights for the memorial at Stone Mountain Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
He destroyed his designs, and began a larger project further west Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
FTP, name this sculptor who died only months before the completion of his Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
Early in his career he was employed at the court of Christian IV of Denmark and spent time in Italy collecting art works for the Earl of Arundel Inigo Jones
He authored Stonehenge Restored which argued that the landmark was a Roman Temple, but his better known literary works are collaborations with Heywood, Davenant, and Ben Jonson on elaborate masques for the courts of James and Charles Inigo Jones
Better known is the style of his Queen's House at Greenwich, the style of Palladio that he brought back from Italy Inigo Jones
FTP, name this early English architect who designed the Banqueting Hall for Whitehall. Inigo Jones
According to Cicero his mistress and model, Phyrne, was once charged with impiety, but was acquitted after showing the jury her perfect breasts Praxiteles
This artist's love of the nude form found its expression in works like the The Pouring Satyr, while a copy of his Saurocton Apollo, which depicts the God as a lizard killer, can be found in the Louvre and displays the canted hip characteristic of his most Praxiteles
That masterpiece depicts a meeting between the messenger of the gods and a youthful god of wine Praxiteles
FTP, name this Attic sculptor of Hermes with the Infant Dionysus. Praxiteles
It contains relics of the Three Wise Men, and its ladychapel has a triptych of the adoration of the Magi done in the 1440s by the town's most famous painter, Stefan Lochner Cologne Cathedral or Koln Cathedral or Kolner Dom
It was built on the site of a Roman villa, some of whose mosaics can be found next door in the Roman-German museum Cologne Cathedral or Koln Cathedral or Kolner Dom
Although begun in the 13th Century, work on it stopped in 1560 not to be resumed until 1842 Cologne Cathedral or Koln Cathedral or Kolner Dom
FTP, name this cathedral located in and named for a German city on the Rhine. Cologne Cathedral or Koln Cathedral or Kolner Dom
The sculpted portions of this work were supposedly completed by Nikolaus Hagnower Isenheim Altarpiece
Currently residing in the Unterlinden Museum in Colmar, it was originally executed for the hospital chapel of a monastery in Alsace Isenheim Altarpiece
Of its three views, the first can be seen when its doors are closed, a Crucifiction with a lamb holding a cross near John the Baptist Isenheim Altarpiece
When opened, the wings reveal panels with St Isenheim Altarpiece
Paul and St Isenheim Altarpiece
Anthony in the desert, and The Temptation of St Isenheim Altarpiece
Anthony, while the center panel depicts the Annunciation and the Resurrection Isenheim Altarpiece
FTP, identify this altarpiece by Matthias Grünewald. Isenheim Altarpiece
It proclaims that "nobody feels happy fully / who on that bosom doesn't drink love" La donna è mobile or The Woman is Fickle (accept equivalents)
It asserts that despite a "sweet, pretty face, / in tears or in laughter, [she] is [always] lying" La donna è mobile or The Woman is Fickle (accept equivalents)
Written for a tenor, this piece states that "It is always miserable, he that trusts in her / who to her confides, his unwary heart!" It is sung at the inn of Sparafucile by one of the main characters, who is disguised as a soldier La donna è mobile or The Woman is Fickle (accept equivalents)
Found in the third act of its opera, its famous first line declares "Woman is fickle, like a feather in the wind" La donna è mobile or The Woman is Fickle (accept equivalents)
FTP, identify this aria sung by the Duke of Mantua from Puccini's Rigoletto. La donna è mobile or The Woman is Fickle (accept equivalents)
Its architect only saw the construction of the apse, four of the twelve towers of the apostles, and the Nativity façade before he was crushed by a tram El Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família
Intended to represent the triumph of the Catholic Church through St El Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família
Joseph, it was the brainchild of the bookseller Bocabella and was begun by del Villar in 1882 El Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família
FTP, identify this church still being constructed and located in Barcelona, based on the models of Antonio Gaudi. El Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família
Roger Fenton photographed a seated one in 1858 odalisque
Richard Parkes Bonington created a Yellow one odalisque
Roger Desormiere orchestrated a ballet version to music by Satie odalisque
François Boucher created a blonde one odalisque
Giovanni Costa created a Turkish one odalisque
The most famous such artistic work was commissioned by Queen Caroline of Naples, Napoleon's sister, and was criticized for the lack of an elbow and the addition of an extra vertebra odalisque
She lies nude on a bed to the left of a blue curtain odalisque
With the Grande one the work of Ingres, FTP, identify this art subject associated with a harem. odalisque
Proponents of this literary style include Yo Yodai and Ki no Kaion bunraku
The first theater devoted to its performance was the Takemoto-za, though the building that provided its name was named for a resident of the island of Awaji bunraku
Before performances, the jiai, fushi, and kotoba forms must be mastered individually by the gidayu, who, relying on the azuki and haraobi belt for balance, narrates the joruri bunraku
Famous examples of this form include the Battles of Coxinga and The Love Suicides at Sonezaki bunraku
FTP, name this form of Japanese theatre developed for puppeteers by Chikamatsu Monzaemon. bunraku
This designer credited the projects of Oscar Stonorov and George Howe as his chief influences Louis Isadore Kahn
His first solo projects included the Carver Court Housing Project, which established his contempt for International Style Louis Isadore Kahn
The Norman Fisher House and Erdman Hall Dormitories at Bryn Mawr were completed after accepting a professorship at the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1959 his design for the Salk Institute was accepted Louis Isadore Kahn
FTP, name this architect whose brick and poured-in concrete masonry structures include the Yale University Art Center and New Hampshire's Exeter Library. Louis Isadore Kahn
Only fifteen feet in diameter, this structure has a stepped base and a continuous row of Doric columns called a peristyle Tempietto
These columns support a balustrade crowned by a hemispherical dome, which sits over a small cella, or sanctuary Tempietto
It was commissioned by Ferdinand and Isabella to mark the spot where Saint Peter was supposedly crucified Tempietto
Located on the grounds of the Church of San Pietro in Rome, this is, FTP, what shrine built in 1502 by Donato Bramante? Tempietto
The premiere of this opera was delayed for eleven months because the set designs and costumes were trapped in Paris during the Franco-Prussian War Aida
The Triumphal March and ballet that open Act II are central to the returning army's celebrations, but it is the solo pieces that drive this work Aida
Among those are a baritone role for Amonasro and a mezzo-soprano role for the jealous Amneris Aida
FTP, name this opera that ends with the Egyptian officer Radames buried alive with the titular Ethiopian slave, a work by Giuseppe Verdi. Aida
He started out in his family's stone-carving business before coming to work with Bruno Paul and then Peter Behrens before opening his own firm Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
His work in Europe included the Tugendhat House in the Czech Republic as well as the Weissenhof apartments and Berlin's New National Gallery Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
He went on to design the German Pavillion at the Barcelona exposition during his time as director of the Bauhaus Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
FTP, name this designer of the Seagram Building, an architect whose motto was "Less is More." Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Contemporary followers of his included the Scamozzi brothers, but it was the poet Count Trissino who gave this man his nickname Andrea Palladio or Andrea Di Pietro Della Gondola
He had already designed the Godi House by the time he won the commission for the Vicenza town hall at which point he began to mimic Vitruvius more overtly Andrea Palladio or Andrea Di Pietro Della Gondola
Projects like the Villa Barbaro and the Palazzo Chiericato were designed as he was writing his Four Books of Architecture Andrea Palladio or Andrea Di Pietro Della Gondola
Eventually he settled in Venice where he designed the classically inspired churches Il Redentore and San Giorgio Maggiore Andrea Palladio or Andrea Di Pietro Della Gondola
FTP, identify this architect who sparked a namesake revival in 18th century Britain, the Renaissance creator of the Villa Rotonda. Andrea Palladio or Andrea Di Pietro Della Gondola
He studied scientific farming under George Geddes several years after his vision recovered from the sumac poisoning he suffered as a youth Frederick Law Olmsted
After heading the U.S Frederick Law Olmsted
Sanitary Commission during the war, he became chair of Yosemite property for California where he implemented ideas like the "parkway." An outspoken essayist, works like The Cotton Kingdom expressed his abolitionist politics, while his urban designs, ofte Frederick Law Olmsted
He planned the terrace of the U.S Frederick Law Olmsted
Capitol, the Stanford Campus, and Jackson Park in Chicago, but FTP, what engineer and landscape architect remains best known for designing Central Park? Frederick Law Olmsted
His plan to build himself a temple in which to house his works fell through when the Maharajah of Indore died Constantin Brancusi
Always inspired by animal life his works include Flying Turtle and various versions of The Sea Lions Constantin Brancusi
His later works include the enormous Endless Column and Table of Silence, both of which are on display in Tirgu Jiu's public garden Constantin Brancusi
His Beginning of the World is representative of his use of fluid, ovoid shapes Constantin Brancusi
Important works in this style include Sleeping Muse and Mademoiselle Pogany Constantin Brancusi
But he is most famous for a 1912 work made of bronze that was originally named Maiastra Constantin Brancusi
FTP, identify this apprentice of Rodin who created Bird in Space. Constantin Brancusi
His last film was a near-documentary shot in the South Seas without professional actors F. W. Murnau or Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe
A husband finds his salvation in the sanctuary of marriage in his sole American hit, whose seminal tracking shot on a tram, as a man and wife enter a city, remains a subject of study for student filmmakers F. W. Murnau or Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe
His first hits included The Blue Boy and The Head of Janus, but flops like The City Girl resulted in his 5-picture Fox contract's termination in 1929 F. W. Murnau or Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe
Primarily known for his collaborations with Emil Jannings in films like The Expulsion and The Last Laugh, FTP, the recent flick "Shadow of the Vampire" was a tribute to what cinematic pioneer, the director of Tabu, Sunirise and Nosferatu. F. W. Murnau or Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe
Its style is descended from the Pergamon frieze and Pliny says as much when he mentions it as being in the palace of Titus and gives credit for its creation Laocoon Group
It was actually found in Rome in 1506, and it was not known for a few hundred years that it was not a Greek original but the work of Agesander, Athenodoros, and Polydoros of Rhodes Laocoon Group
FTP, name this group sculpture showing the death of a priest and his two sons at the hand of serpents in a scene from the Trojan War. Laocoon Group
Until the end of the nineteenth century, this figure whose name means "the one that comes in peace" was regarded as mythological Imhotep
Now, he is believed to be the author of the Edwin Smith Papyrus, a collection of writings including 90 anatomical terms and 48 injuries which may explain his later identification with Asclepius Imhotep
Though his life seems to have lasted until the reign of Huni, last of the third dynasty, he is best remembered for a feat completed for his principal king Zoser under the title of "chief sculptor." The world's first named architect, FTP, name this creato Imhotep
Just prior to his death, a return to his pointillist roots is evident in his Ritratto del Maestro Busoni, which echoes early successes like The Modern Idol Umberto Boccioni
He first gained fame as a painter with the series States of Mind and The Street Enters the House, but it was a technique developed under his mentor Medardo Rosso seen in his sculpture Antigraceful, which features his signature "lines of force," that broug Umberto Boccioni
A student of Giacomo Balla, FTP, name this futurist best known for paintings like Riot in the Gallery and The City Rises and the bronze sculpture Unique Form of Continuity in Space. Umberto Boccioni
Its major innovation was the entry ramp leading to its royal kiosk, which allowed its donor to enter its lodge on horseback Blue Mosque (accept Cami Sultanahmet or Sultanahmet Mosque)
Its architect received the title Sedefkar for his skill in creating its mother-of-pearl windows, and the calligraphy covering its interior was created by the sculptor Ameti Kasim Gubari Blue Mosque (accept Cami Sultanahmet or Sultanahmet Mosque)
Featuring 14 balconies, 30 cupolas and a quadruple-arched dome, its mihrab contains a piece of stone from the Kaaba and its qibla terrace overlooks the Bosporus Blue Mosque (accept Cami Sultanahmet or Sultanahmet Mosque)
Famous for its six minarets, FTP, name this creation of Mehmed Aga, the pinnacle of Ottoman Classical Architecture, named for the color of its tiles. Blue Mosque (accept Cami Sultanahmet or Sultanahmet Mosque)
Minor characters include Kupava, Bobyl, and King Berendei and the libretto was written by the composer himself The Snow Maiden or Snegurochka
Orchestral sections include the "Dance of the Birds," "Procession," and the "Dance of the Tumblers." The title character aims for the love of the shepherd Lel in the first act, but ends up falling in love with Mizgir by the end of the opera The Snow Maiden or Snegurochka
However, the sun god Yarilo arrives and the evanescent title character melts away in FTP what work by Rimsky-Korsakoff. The Snow Maiden or Snegurochka
This sculptor's younger namesake was a famed architect who designed the Tholos and Theatre at Epidauros Polykleitos the Elder (or Polyclitus)
His eponymous canon, which emphasized chiastic balance, became a standard for sculptors Polykleitos the Elder (or Polyclitus)
Roman coins show and Pausanias described his gold and ivory Hera in a temple at Argos Polykleitos the Elder (or Polyclitus)
For ten points, name this head of the Argive school and sculptor of athletes, best known for Diadumenus, Amazon and Spear-Bearer. Polykleitos the Elder (or Polyclitus)
His brief time in England resulted in his collaboration with Maxwell Fry on Village College, at Impington, while his collaborations with former student, Marcel Breuer, resulted in his own house in Lincoln, Massachusetts Walter Gropius
As a member of the TAC he designed the University of Baghdad and the U.S Walter Gropius
Embassy in Athens Walter Gropius
But this student of Peter Behrens' greatest works were created during his stint with another artistic collective whose headquarters in Dessau he also designed Walter Gropius
FTP identify this architect of the Fagus Shoe Factory and the Harvard Graduate Center, the founder and director of the Bauhaus. Walter Gropius
One of this artist's masterpieces inspired William Vaughn Moody's An Ode in the Time of Hesitation Augustus Saint-Gaudens
With John LaFarge he created two caryatids for a fireplace in Vanderbilt's residence and a bronze Amor Caritas now housed at the Art Institute in Chicago Augustus Saint-Gaudens
His final sculpture was 1903's Sherman Monument at the edge of Central Park, and throughout his life he designed medallions and coins Augustus Saint-Gaudens
While the Farragut Memorial and Marian Adams Memorials have never been moved, his most famous piece, a Civil War work built on Beacon Hill, is now in the Smithsonian Augustus Saint-Gaudens
FTP identify this sculptor who designed the Shaw Memorial. Augustus Saint-Gaudens
The gardens were expanded in the 1770s by Johann Procopius Mayer, who was summoned by the site's second owner Adam von Seinsheim Wurzburg Residence or Castle or Palace (prompt on Kaiser's Hall or Palace etc.)
Built for the Schonborn family under the direction of Balthasar Neumann, its altarpieces include The Fall of the Angels, while its many frescoes include a cycle on the life of Frederick Barbarossa and scenes from Tasso, like Rinaldo and Armida Wurzburg Residence or Castle or Palace (prompt on Kaiser's Hall or Palace etc.)
But it is the enormous allegory of the Four Continents in the Stairway Hall that marked Tiepolo's crowning achievement at, FTP, what baroque palace that lies in Bavaria. Wurzburg Residence or Castle or Palace (prompt on Kaiser's Hall or Palace etc.)
Experience with stage design allowed him to abandon the idea of a central viewpoint and work with multiple axes Giovanni Batista Piranesi
His only completed building was Santa Maria del Priorato, but producing "Vedutas" in Vasi's studio earned him enough time to complete "On the Magnificence of Roman Architecture" which argued for the superiority of ruins Giovanni Batista Piranesi
While Walter Scott purchased a complete set of his "Roman Antiquities," it was De Quincey's Confessions that best articulated the terror and mystery of his most famous etchings: a series of fantastic, immeasurable dungeons Giovanni Batista Piranesi
FTP identify this 18th century etcher best known for his Prison Caprices. Giovanni Batista Piranesi
It contains a fresco attributed to Mantegna, a marble frieze by Tullio Lombardo, a triptych by Bartolomeo Vivarni, a statue of John the Baptist by Sansovino and various stuccos and frescos executed by Guidobaldo Abatini Cornaro Piscopia Chapel
Located in the in the left transept of the Church of S Cornaro Piscopia Chapel
Maria della Vittoria in Rome, it was commissioned by its namesake Cardinal and the flanking balconies contain cardinals and doges from his family looking at the sculptural center, which is illuminated by reflected light from a hidden window Cornaro Piscopia Chapel
With a mystical aura thus added to that Bernini statue, FTP, name this chapel which houses the Ecstasy of St Cornaro Piscopia Chapel
Theresa of Avila. Cornaro Piscopia Chapel
Andrea del Castagno shows him with his left hand outstretched defiantly as the wind blows through his hair David
Bernini depicts him in an action pose with a classical body standing over his belongings David
Verrocchio presents him as a wiry apprentice clad in a leathern doublet with a haughty grin David
He was the subject for the first freestanding nude statue since classical times where he was shown wearing a glowered hat and resting his leg on a trophy won in battle David
For 10 points, name this Biblical character represented in bronze by Donatello and stone by Michelangelo. David
Nathaniel Kahn describes him as "the man with the glasses" early in "My Architect." In 1932, five years after graduating as a philosophy major from Harvard, he was named director of MOMA's Department of Architecture Philip Cortelyou Johnson
In the same year he co-authored a book with Henry-Russell Hitchcock which introduced the term still used to describe post-World War I modernist architecture Philip Cortelyou Johnson
Many of his works were collaborative efforts, later with John Burgee, and earlier with Mies van der Rohe Philip Cortelyou Johnson
One of the few architects to produce important landmarks of very different movements - for 10 points - who is this co-designer of the modernist Seagram Building and the postmodernist AT&T Building? Philip Cortelyou Johnson
His primitive totem forms include motives like "Glenkiln Cross," but the arch forms of his late career, including the series "Hill Arches" and his "Large Arch" for I.M Henry Moore
Pei's Cleo Rogers Library, are more widely copied Henry Moore
Sketches like "Shelter" made him a national treasure after his studio was bombed, but he had already become distinguished with his first relief "West Wind" and participation in the Unit 1 Group Henry Moore
Better known for his "Madonna and Child," and "Knife Edge Two Piece," FTP, name this sculptor whose best known commission for the UNESCO headquarters in Paris resulted in his reclining female nudes. Henry Moore
Harris Theater for Music and Dance can easily be seen from Randolph Street, and the BP Bridge crosses over Columbus Drive Millennium Park
Two 50-foot towers make up Crown Fountain, which also features high-tech LED video screens Millennium Park
Opening four years later than expected, this 25-acre landmark features Wrigley Square in its northwest corner Millennium Park
Cloud Gate resembles a drop of liquid mercury and is often referred to by residents as The Bean Millennium Park
Massive panels of stainless steel make up its centerpiece, a bandshell designed by Frank Gehry called the Pritzker Pavilion Millennium Park
FTP, name this park found in downtown Chicago. Millennium Park
This man's first commission was for the Vincens House, on which he used a Gothic Revival style that he would later greatly alter Antonio Gaudí
His other works include the Monumental Rosary in Montserrat and the Workers Cooperative in Mataro, although he is better known for buildings such as The Santa Teresa School and El Capricho in Cantabria Antonio Gaudí
For Eusebi Güell, his friend and patron, he constructed a house and Park Güell along with some eponymous catacombs Antonio Gaudí
At the end of his life he devoted himself to the construction of a cathedral that is still under construction, the Sagrada Familia Antonio Gaudí
FTP, name this architect who designed numerous buildings found in Barcelona. Antonio Gaudí
After a Merchants' Guild commissioned this man to create a bronze statue of their patron saint, John the Baptist, a rival guild of bankers commissioned this man to create a larger bronze statue of their patron saint, Matthew, both of which appear along wi Lorenzo Ghiberti (or Lorenzo di Bartolo)
In this man's Commentaries he wrote his autobiography as well as explained some of his artistic views Lorenzo Ghiberti (or Lorenzo di Bartolo)
Two of his students, Donatello and Paolo Uccello, helped him in completing his first major commission, that being the making of second pair of doors for the baptistery of the cathedral of Florence Lorenzo Ghiberti (or Lorenzo di Bartolo)
Apparantly, he did such a good job on these doors he was asked to complete a 3rd pair Lorenzo Ghiberti (or Lorenzo di Bartolo)
FTP, name this sculptor who created the "Gates of Paradise." Lorenzo Ghiberti (or Lorenzo di Bartolo)
This movement was promoted through the magazine Ver Sacrum, and was advocated in Belgium by Les Vingt, including Ensor and Horta, but it did not survive World War I Art Nouveau
Known as Stile Liberty in Italy and as Floreale in Spain, this movement took its name from an interior design gallery in Paris Art Nouveau
A reaction against the historical art of the mid-19th century, this richly ornamented and asymmetrical style often included plant tendrils and other erotic nature Art Nouveau
Seen in the architecture of Rennie Mackintosh, the glassware of Lalique, and the works of Klimt, FTP, identify this art movement embraced by designers like Tiffany whose name literally translates as "new art." Art Nouveau
The original may have been destroyed by William Glackens, as a way of settling a dispute involving it Fountain
It first appeared in the second issue of the magazine The Blind Man, which also included an essay about it by Louise Nortion and a prose poem in praise of it Fountain
According to William Camfield's definitive book about it, it was probably displayed at Gallery 291, which makes sense as Alfred Steiglitz took a famous photograph of it Fountain
Notoriously, it was submitted to a 1917 exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists under the pseudonym Richard Mutt Fountain
FTP, identify this porcelain "ready-made" artwork, a "creation" of Marcel Duchamp that is, in fact, a urinal. Fountain
It inspired a 1937 Crucifixion by Roger Bissière, while details from it are incorporated in Racing Thoughts by Jasper Johns the Isenheim Altarpiece
It was commissioned by Guido Guersi, whose coat of arms appears in it, and who may be portrayed in it as Saint Anthony the Isenheim Altarpiece
It was an addition to work that had been done by Nikolaus Hagenauer and Desiderius Beichel the Isenheim Altarpiece
The central portion of it shows Mary as a widow fainting into the arms of John the Evangelist, while John the Baptist stands on the right saying "He must increase but I must decrease." Painted for a church in an Alsatian village around 1515, FTP, name th the Isenheim Altarpiece
A painting of this man at work by Louis-Léopold Boilly (bwah-ee) shows him looking at an almost-naked man holding a staff, while a grim man stands behind him with his arms crossed Jean-Antoine Houdon
One of this man's works depicts the child Alexandre Brongniart, who would grow up to become a noted geologist who coined the word "Jurassic." Another of his works shows two lovers bound together by a chain of roses, The Kiss Given Jean-Antoine Houdon
He depicted a person who is understandably shivering because only the top half of her body is clothed in The Cold Girl, though he is better-known for depicting such men as Robert Fulton and the finance minister Marie-Sébastien de Biré Jean-Antoine Houdon
He also created a notable portrayal of a seated Voltaire, but most of his works don't show quite so much of the subject's body Jean-Antoine Houdon
FTP, name this French sculptor whose numerous busts include depictions of Benjamin Franklin and Louis XVI, whose portrait of Jefferson adorns the nickel. Jean-Antoine Houdon
One of this film's main characters falls in love while asking for a liverwurst sandwich Spellbound
She is harrassed by a man with a parcel from Pittsburgh while at the Empire State Hotel, where she has gone in pursuit of a man who calls himself John Brown Spellbound
After going to Gabriel Valley, the other main character remembers that he accidentally caused the impaling of his brother as a child, but the discovery of the corpse of the author of Labyrinth of the Guilt Complex complicates matters Spellbound
In the end, John Valentine and Dr Spellbound
Constance Petersen get married after all Spellbound
The film also features a dream sequence designed by Salvador Dali Spellbound
FTP, name this 1945 film starring Gregory Peck and Ingrid Bergman, a movie about psychoanalysis by Alfred Hitchcock. Spellbound
The villain of this work meets his eventual victim while she is trying on hats, and they later meet again at a movie about Jesse James Witness for the Prosecution
In this film's most terrifying moment, the main female character asks "Want to kiss me, ducky?" in an affected Cockney accent Witness for the Prosecution
Earlier, that female character had met two men in a bar at a train station, where she sold them some letters addressed to a man named Max Witness for the Prosecution
One of those men spends most of the film accompanied by the uppity nurse Miss Plimsoll, who is constantly scolding him to take pills and drink cocoa as he recovers from a heart attack Witness for the Prosecution
In the end, the villain is stabbed to death by his wife Christine after being found not guilty of a murder he really did commit Witness for the Prosecution
FTP, name this film directed by Billy Wilder, which stars Charles Laughton, Tyrone Power, and Marlene Dietrich as the titular provider of testimony. Witness for the Prosecution
This man's "An Overseer Doing His Duty" is among the best-known of his series of watercolors on slavery, but his southern residency is better associated with his designs for the Harvie-Gamble mansion Benjamin Henry Latrobe
In a lull in his career, he designed a steam powered wool mill in Steubenville, Ohio as an offshoot of a partnership to build steamboats with Robert Fulton Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Immigrating following completion of his Hammerwood Lodge, he got his first commission for the Virginia State Penitentiary from Thomas Jefferson, but soon moved north to design the waterworks for Philadelphia, and introduced a new style with his Bank of Pe Benjamin Henry Latrobe
FTP, name this classical revivalist architect best known for St Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Mary's Cathedral in Baltimore and for redesigning the U.S Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Capitol following the War of 1812. Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Donatello's 1415 marble of this person with a forked beard and book is in the Duomo while El Greco's unorthodox depiction of him with a bear-skin and cross has a lamb at lower-right St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
Masaccio depicts him with St St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
Jerome on the Colonna Altarpiece and shows his death alongside that of St St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
Peter on the Pisa Altar St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
Rodin depicts him "Preaching" and the Ansidei Altarpiece includes Nicholas of Bari and this man St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
Ghirlandaio relates his life in Santa Maria Novella St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
Michelangelo's The Holy Family with this person is also known as the Doni tondo; he is also depicted as an infant in the Madonna of the Rocks St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
FTP, name this Saint often depicted in art performing his most famous function: baptizing Jesus Christ. St. John the Baptist (prompt on St. John)
Among the supplementary depictions on this work of ebony, enamel and gold are the "handsomest" earthen creatures and four seahorses with interwoven tails The Salt Cellar of Francis I
Eight cartouches of reclining figures alternating between representations of winds and times comprise the base, atop which sit two central figures whose legs are interwoven The Salt Cellar of Francis I
With their right hands, the pair respectively cover a breast and hold a trident while their left hands hold an Ionic temple and an a boat, both sculpted for a practical purpose The Salt Cellar of Francis I
FTP, name this Mannerist sculpture and condiment holder by Benvenuto Cellini. The Salt Cellar of Francis I
Marcel Proust criticized the 1906 translation of this work by Madame Cremieux, complaining that it left out an index with information on San Giorgio dei Schiavoni as well as a discussion of Vittore Carpaccio The Stones of Venice
The theme of decay can be seen in the discussion of the Church of St The Stones of Venice
Moise and its most famous section contrasts the feudal relations between workers and authority with the subsequent relations during the rise of English mass production The Stones of Venice
Containing the essay "The Nature of Gothic", this work describes the architectural transition from Byzantine to Gothic and finally a decline to Renaissance The Stones of Venice
FTP, what is this three-volume artistic treatise on a Italian city written by John Ruskin? The Stones of Venice
It was said to be the model of the android Hadaly in Villiers de L'Isle-Adam's Tomorrow's Eve and the first paper written on it was by Antoine Quatremere the Venus de Milo (or the Venus of Melos or the Aphrodite of Melos)
A tabletop replica of this work is the object of admiration in Honore Daumier's The Connossieur the Venus de Milo (or the Venus of Melos or the Aphrodite of Melos)
Its missing plinth was depicted in a drawing by Auguste Debay; this helped classify this work as Hellenistic rather than Classical, as believed by Louis Forbin, the director of the Louvre at the time of its discovery the Venus de Milo (or the Venus of Melos or the Aphrodite of Melos)
Due to the efforts of Adolf Furtwangler, who conjectured that this statue originally held a golden apple, it is now believed to have been sculpted by Alexandros of Antioch the Venus de Milo (or the Venus of Melos or the Aphrodite of Melos)
FTP, identify this statue discovered on an Aegean island by a Greek farmer and easily recognized due to its missing arms. the Venus de Milo (or the Venus of Melos or the Aphrodite of Melos)
Appointed antiquarian to the pope by Clement XIII, his followers included Reiffenstein, Ermannsdorff and Angelica Kauffmann, who painted his portrait Johann Joachim Winckelmann
He wrote works on the antique gems of the Baron de Stosch and on the recently discovered ruins at Herculaneum Johann Joachim Winckelmann
Robbed and killed in Trieste on his way back to Rome, perhaps in an ill-fated homosexual encounter, he coined his motto, "noble simplicity and calm grandeur," while contemplating male nudes such as the Apollo Belvedere and the Laocoon Group Johann Joachim Winckelmann
FTP name this man who emphasized the emotion that art could bring in his wildly popular History of Ancient Art; a German critic whose "classical ideal" was influential to both the Romantics and Neo-Classicists and who is often called the father of modern Johann Joachim Winckelmann
He sculpted metal heads of Alexander the Great and Darius that were sent to King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary Andrea del Verrocchio
He designed a fountain for the courtyard of the Villa at Careggi that depicted a curly-haired child holding an aquatic animal in Putto with Dolphin Andrea del Verrocchio
He painted the Archangel Raphael holding a small box in Tobias and the Angel and depicted the title figure in David as a haughtily bragging youth wearing a leathern doublet Andrea del Verrocchio
This creator of Madonna with the Saints John the Baptist and Donatus gave up painting after being overwhelmed by the angel that his famous pupil drew on his Baptism of Christ Andrea del Verrocchio
FTP, name this fifteenth-century Florentine sculptor of the bronze works Christ and St Andrea del Verrocchio
Thomas and The Equestrian Monument of Colleoni; the primary teacher of Leonardo da Vinci. Andrea del Verrocchio
His early career was spent painting, producing poorly preserved works in the Casa Prinetti and Casa Fontana Donato Bramante
After becoming court architect for Lodovico Sforza, he designed the choir and transept of the Santa Maria della Grazie and the Canonica of San Ambrogio Donato Bramante
One of his last projects was the extension of the Vatican Belvedere as two long, parallel structures Donato Bramante
The influence of Leonardo can be seen in the radial design, including a cylindrical cella surrounded by a circular peristyle, of a shrine on the site where St Donato Bramante
Peter was crucified Donato Bramante
His most monumental design employed a Greek cross with four equal arms and a large hemishpheric dome Donato Bramante
FTP, name this favorite architect of Julius II; the creator of the Tempietto and the original designer of St Donato Bramante
Peter's Basilica. Donato Bramante
It was possibly inspired by a dream documented in the Tibetan text Life of Milarepa "Birds in Space"
Its subtitle is "Which, when enlarged, will fill the sky" and its design is influenced by the artist's earlier Sleeping Child and the Maïastra series "Birds in Space"
The first piece of this name was mounted on a conical support while, in later versions, an irregular stem was used "Birds in Space"
When Edward Steichen tried to bring one through U.S "Birds in Space"
Customs, the officer classified it as a propeller blade and charged a $600 duty "Birds in Space"
The work eliminates any superficial likeness and lengthens the body swell of the titular animals, reducing to an oval plane its head and beak "Birds in Space"
FTP, name this sculpture series depicting the essence of flight by Constantin Brancusi. "Birds in Space"
In the singular, one of these gives its name to a 1914 bronze sculpture by Raymond Duchamp-Villon, considered to be his masterpiece horses (accept all logical equivalents)
They were a favorite subject of Theodore Gericault, who painted a pair of fightings ones as well as one of them frightened by lightning while Leonardo da Vinci cast a gigantic bronze statue of one for Francesco Sforza horses (accept all logical equivalents)
George Stubbs painted numerous depictions of these creatures, including a 1766 Anatomy of one and a 1762 painting of one attacked by a Lion, and Johan Fuseli painted one of these poking its head through parted curtains in The Nightmare horses (accept all logical equivalents)
Famously painted at a namesake "Fair" by Rosa Bonheur, for ten points, identify these quadrupeds which are being ridden by the hunters in Rubens' Lion Hunt. horses (accept all logical equivalents)
This man was the primary target of Jeremy Collier's A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage, attitudes to which this man contributed with his plays The Relapse and The Provok'd Wife John Vanbrugh
His first commission in his better-known field was for Lord Carlisle, and he was notable for reviving a style known as the "colossal order." He adopted a simpler style in his design of Kimbolton Castle, and late in life he completed Seton Delaval Hall wit John Vanbrugh
However, he is best known for a work which followed his Opera House in the Haymarket and which was designed together with Nicholas Hawksmoor to commemorate a famous victory John Vanbrugh
For ten points, identify this British architect, most famous for his design of John Churchill's Blenheim Palace. John Vanbrugh
In his book Shaping a Nation, Carter Wiseman writes that an important feature of its design was introduced to "relieve the.. Seagram Building
monotony of a smooth facade." Its main architect himself noted that new structural principles can be seen most clearly "when we use glass in place of the outer walls;" consequently, this building is notable for its tinted windows, as well as blinds that c Seagram Building
It's also famous for a bronze curtain wall, and sits across Park Avenue from the Lever House, another building designed in the International Style Seagram Building
Commissioned by Phyllis Lambert, the daughter of Samuel Bronfman, FTP, name this skyscraper in New York City designed by Philip Johnson and Mies van der Rohe. Seagram Building
In one film, this actor's character uses a metronome while questioning a man playing snippets of Poulenc's Perpetual Motion No James or Jimmy Stewart
1 James or Jimmy Stewart
In that film, he plays a man who becomes suspicious of two former students who host a strange party with food served off of a trunk James or Jimmy Stewart
In another film, his character becomes suspicious after a man leaves late at night with a sample case, and then later washes some knives and a saw at a sink James or Jimmy Stewart
A third film sees his character become suspicious upon seeing Judy wearing a necklace said to belong to Carlotta Valdes, whose spirit supposedly forced Madeleine to jump out of a bell-tower James or Jimmy Stewart
FTP, name this actor who appeared as Rupert Caddell in Rope, and as a wheelchair-bound photographer and an acrophobic former policeman in Rear Window and Vertigo, respectively. James or Jimmy Stewart
One Russian adherent of this movement later went on to write the poems "A Cloud in Trousers" and "The Backbone Flute," while another, Viktor Khlebnikov, devised a "translogical language" called zaum Futurism
That language was used in the writing of a musical work originating from this movement's aesthetic, the opera Victory over the Sun, while Sant'Elia created a series of architectural sketches inspired by this movement, called "New City." This movement's ma Futurism
Creating such works as "Unique forms of Continuity in Space," for ten points, identify this artistic movement whose adherents included Giacomo Balla and Filippo Marinetti, and which emphasized modernity, speed, and violence. Futurism
A student at Columbia under Clarence White, this artist first gained critical recognition from a group including Imogen Cunningham and Willard Van Dyke Dorothea Lange
Following World War II, this artist produced such collections as Mormon Villages and The Irish Countryman, and her report with her husband Paul Taylor led to her employment by Roy Stryker, who had hired Esther Bubley for similar reasons Dorothea Lange
Her work was used in an exhibit on Executive Order 9066, but she remains better known for a work whose title figure remained unknown for forty years until she identified herself as Florence Owens Thompson, a portrait produced as the result of her hiring b Dorothea Lange
For ten points, identify this photographer who produced some of the most famous images of the Great Depression, including Migrant Mother. Dorothea Lange
William Priestly aided this man in his plans for the Resor house, and this architect also created what was then Canada's tallest building, the Toronto-Dominion Centre Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
His plans to build a home for a Chicago kidney specialist were preceded by the construction of a pavilion consisting of a raised terrace and eight cruciform columns for the Barcelona Exhibition Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
In addition to the Farnsworth House in Plano, he co-produced a skyscraper on Park Avenue for a distilling company and was the last director of the Bauhaus Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
For 10 points, name this German architect whose collaboration with Philip Johnson produced the Seagram building, known for the adage that "less is more." Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Many of the critical texts on this school were written by Reyner Banham (New) Brutalism
Unintentional practitioners of this style include Sigurd Lerewentz and Oswald Mathias Ungers, while Stirling and Gowan abandoned the moniker for fear of losing business (New) Brutalism
Many of the buildings at the Istituto Marchiondi Spagliardi were created by its main Italian proponent, Vittoriano Vigano (New) Brutalism
A school at Hunstanton is one example of the "new" form of this style championed by Alison and Peter Smithson, who called it "an ethic, not an aesthetic (New) Brutalism
For 10 points, name this school of architecture based in the barebones designs of Le Corbusier that takes its name from the French word for concrete. (New) Brutalism
This artist worked on an unrealized temple for the Maharaja of Indore, and while in Paris, Isamu Noguchi worked in his studio Constantin Brancusi
He created a scandal with the phallic Princess X, and a shape meant to represent fertility comprises his Beginning of the World Constantin Brancusi
A solitary disembodied head, known as Sleeping Muse, launched his career at the Armory Show, while legend from his native country inspired his Maiastra Constantin Brancusi
His large public installation at Tirgu Jiu features The Gate of the Kiss, The Table of Silence, and the 100 foot tall spire known as The Endless Column Constantin Brancusi
For 10 points, name this artist of a highly polished bronze statue that resembles a wing, the Romanian sculptor of Bird in Space. Constantin Brancusi
The original architect's successor, Buontalenti, added a cosmological structure to it called the Tribuna Octagonnale Uffizi Gallery [or Palazzo delgi Uffizi]
Created from a series of pre-existing structures, it consists of a long series of porticoes with a mezzanine and another series of porticoes on top Uffizi Gallery [or Palazzo delgi Uffizi]
Its center cortile, which separates its two wings, gives the impression of a small European street and opens to the Arno River Uffizi Gallery [or Palazzo delgi Uffizi]
Designed at the request of Cosimo de' Medici's son, Anna Maria Ludovica bequeathed many of its contents, which currently include The Battle of San Romano and The Birth of Venus Uffizi Gallery [or Palazzo delgi Uffizi]
For 10 points, name this building designed by Giorgio Vasari, a former palace that is now an art museum in Florence. Uffizi Gallery [or Palazzo delgi Uffizi]
One of this man's works is an aquatint titled as a "Proposal for a Colossal Monument in New York City," a sharpened pencil stub designed to stand next to the "fallen peak" of the Woolworth Building Claes Oldenburg
His other works include the Spoonbridge and Cherry for the Walker Art Center, the Bottle of Notes in Manchester, the Crusoe Umbrella in Des Moines, and the Lipstick Ascending on Caterpillar Tracks, which was controversially erected at Yale Claes Oldenburg
Since his marriage to Coosje van Bruggen, his collaborations with her have included giant binoculars, shuttlecocks, and a clothespin Claes Oldenburg
For 10 points, name this Swedish sculptor associated with the Pop Art movement. Claes Oldenburg
One of his final works was a grey terra cotta façade for the Krause Music Store, and he created three visibly different zones in his design for the Guaranty Building in Buffalo Louis Sullivan
After his career took a turn for the worse, he designed several banks, one found in Cedar Rapids Louis Sullivan
He had a noted dispute with Daniel Burnham over the White City at the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago, which is also home to his Auditorium Building for Roosevelt University and the Carson Pirie Scott department store Louis Sullivan
For 10 points, name this long-time partner of Dankmar Adler who designed one of the first skyscrapers in St Louis Sullivan
Louis, the Wainwright Building, and who said "form follows function." Louis Sullivan
Born in Naples, he traveled with his father to Rome at the age of seven, and eventually caught the eye of Pope Paul V, whom he immortalized in a 1620 bust Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Many of the sculptures his workshop created don't survive today, because they were made from marzipan and eaten at papal feasts Gian Lorenzo Bernini
His lesser known surviving works include an Apollo and Daphne, featuring Daphne in the moment of metamorphosis, and a fully clothed David in motion Gian Lorenzo Bernini
FTP, name this famous Baroque Italian architect, known today for his fountains, and Ecstasy of St Theresa. Gian Lorenzo Bernini
In 1927, Isamu Noguchi served as this man's assistant for seven months, and in 2004, one of his works, Danaide, sold for a then record $18.1 million dollars Constantin Brancusi
Sophisticated Young Lady is an alternate name for one of his works, and Princess X consists of only the title feature's neck and head Constantin Brancusi
A portrait of Baroness Renée Frachon inspired one of his most famous works, Sleeping Muse Constantin Brancusi
His most famous achievement was a series of sixteen sculptures in bronze and marble that attempted to capture the essence of flight by eliminating wings and feathers Constantin Brancusi
FTP, name this Romanian-born French sculptor of Sleeping Muse and the Bird in Space series. Constantin Brancusi
This architect was inspired by the nearby Rocky Mountains to create a very large, rugged, concrete home for The National Center for Atmospheric Research I(eoh) M(ing) Pei
After previously designing the Johnson Museum of Art at Cornell and the Everson Museum of Art in Syracuse, he placed a large Alexander Calder mobile in the middle of his wedge-shaped East Wing of the National Gallery I(eoh) M(ing) Pei
He has several notable buildings in Boston, including the Christian Science Center, JFK Presidential Library, and Hancock Place I(eoh) M(ing) Pei
Renowned for his use of glass walls and triangular facades, FTP name this Chinese-American architect best known for the Pyramide de Louvre and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. I(eoh) M(ing) Pei
Wiener Werkstatte was the primary source of this and the first building in this style, which is in Helskinki, features four giant figures holding a globe of light each Art Deco
The Barclay-Vesey Building was the first skyscraper to be created in this style and it was eventually overtaken by the Streamline Moderne style Art Deco
John and Donald B Art Deco
Parkinson and William Van Alen were architects who designed in this style, whose name came from a 1925 Exposition in Paris Art Deco
FTP, name this architectural style of the 1920s and 1930s that often featured a zigzag motif and is most famous for being the style in which the Chrysler Building was designed. Art Deco
Though he completed etchings including Abduction of Proserpina on a Unicorn and Agony in the Garden during his period of maturity, he was better known for a form he learned while serving as an apprentice under Michael Wolgemut Albrecht Dürer
Among his work in that form is a 1515 work derived from written description and brief sketch of a rhinoceros, and a depiction of an angel in sad thought with a magic square in the background, Melancholia I Albrecht Dürer
For ten points, name this artist, famous for woodcuts like Knight, Death, and the Devil, and Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. Albrecht Dürer
It was commissioned by Cardinal Jean de Billheres, whose funeral monument it once adorned Michelangelo's Pieta
Giuseppe Lirioni reconstructed four fingers on this work that were broken when it was moved, but may have taken liberties with its hand gesture Michelangelo's Pieta
After its artist overheard a group of people attributing the work to Cristoforo Solari, he added his name to this piece on a sash across one figure's chest Michelangelo's Pieta
The figures are out of proportion; if the smaller character were normally sized, the larger would be sixteen feet tall Michelangelo's Pieta
FTP, name this statue of Mary holding the body of Christ after his crucifixion, the first major work of Michelangelo. Michelangelo's Pieta
To the left and right of this work are two balconies in which statues of cardinals and doges of a powerful Roman family observe the scene it depicts The Ecstasy of St. Theresa or the Transverbiation of St. Theresa [accept in any order]
Guidi's Vision of St The Ecstasy of St. Theresa or the Transverbiation of St. Theresa [accept in any order]
Joseph is located in the same building as this work, the Santa Maria della Vittoria, and that statue features similar gilded rays to the ones above this piece The Ecstasy of St. Theresa or the Transverbiation of St. Theresa [accept in any order]
A smiling partially shirtless angel in this statue clutches a spear in its right hand and kneels above the robed title figure, whose face is contorted in euphoria The Ecstasy of St. Theresa or the Transverbiation of St. Theresa [accept in any order]
FTP, name this sculpture in the Cornaro chapel depicting the Avila-born first Carmelite, a work by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The Ecstasy of St. Theresa or the Transverbiation of St. Theresa [accept in any order]
This man's last work was a hexagonal structure with a tall central spire, the North Christian Church Eero Saarinen
He co-designed the ninth Case Study House with Charles Eames, a Streamline Moderne structure for John Entenza Eero Saarinen
He designed the canoe-shaped Kresge Auditorium and a cylindrical chapel for MIT, and furniture like the metal-framed Womb Chair and molded plastic Tulip Chair Eero Saarinen
His constructions include the thin-shell projections of the TWA Flight Center and the concave roof of Dulles International, and another of his works was based on Hannskarl Bandel's modification to a catenary Eero Saarinen
FTP, name this designer of the Gateway Arch, a Finnish-American dude whose father Eliel was also an architect. Eero Saarinen
This artist's interest in ancient Roman busts can be seen in the bronze reliquary he created for the head of St Donatello or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
Rossore Donatello or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
Partners with the goldsmith Michelozzo, he created a statue of St Donatello or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
George holding a narrow, cross-laden shield that is housed today in Orsanmichele, and he carved a wooden statue of a haggard and emaciated Mary Magdalene Donatello or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
He allegedly yelled "Speak, damn you, speak" at the marble while working on his depiction of the prophet Habbakuk, also known as the Zucchone Donatello or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
He also created an equestrian statue of Erasmo da Narni and the first freestanding nude since antiquity Donatello or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
FTP, name this sculptor of Gattamelata and the bronze David. Donatello or Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi
Angel of Help and Figure of Wisdom are two works in this form by American John La Farge stained glass [prompt on glass]
Firms like Clayton and Bell and Hardman and Co stained glass [prompt on glass]
were major corporate producers of this medium that Thomas Willement revived in 19th century Britain stained glass [prompt on glass]
Famous classical examples of it include the Notre Dame de la Belle Verrière and the Becket cycle, and modern examples of this medium include a work at Hassadah Ein Kerem hospital depicting the twelve tribes of Israel by Marc Chagall stained glass [prompt on glass]
FTP, identify this medium, enabled on a large scale by the development of flying buttress, which is the constitutive element of rose windows. stained glass [prompt on glass]
This man cross-dressed and posed for many photos as his female alter ego, Rose Selavy Marcel Duchamp
One of his works was inspired by the positions of three lengths of thread allowed to fall at random, Three Standard Stoppages Marcel Duchamp
Another of his works was accidentally shattered and depicts nine "Malic Molds" presided over by an insectoid mechanical form in the top panel, The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even Marcel Duchamp
More famous is a work signed "R Marcel Duchamp
Mutt" and another that was inspired by Etienne-Jules Marey's stop-motion photography and scandalized the 1913 Armory Show Marcel Duchamp
FTP, name this artist of the readymade Fountain and Nude Descending a Staircase. Marcel Duchamp
He invented his own system of proportions using human measurements known as the Modulor Le Corbusier [or Charles-Edouard Jeanneret]
Commissioned to replace a war-ravaged church, he designed a gigantic white stone-and-concrete structure with a sweeping roof, eccentric windows, and a silo-like projection, the Notre Dame du Haut Le Corbusier [or Charles-Edouard Jeanneret]
He discussed his five points of architecture in his influential essay collection Towards a New Architecture, a strategy exemplified in his Villa Savoye, and he co-designed the U.N.'s New York headquarters Le Corbusier [or Charles-Edouard Jeanneret]
FTP, name this early proponent of the International School, a Swiss/French architect. Le Corbusier [or Charles-Edouard Jeanneret]
Richard Cassels and Edward Lovett Pearce were two proponents of his namesake style during its popularity in Ireland, and his systematic approach to his discipline resulted in parametric formulas whereby dimensions of frames and details were based on the s Andrea Palladio or Andrea di Pietro della Gondola
The bell tower of one of his works fell in 1774, and that church houses Tintoretto's Fall of Manna Andrea Palladio or Andrea di Pietro della Gondola
In addition to the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, this man designed a building with a central dome that Vincenzo Scamozzi lowered upon his death Andrea Palladio or Andrea di Pietro della Gondola
FTP, name this Renaissance architect of the Villa Capra "La Rotonda" who wrote the treatise Four Books of Architecture. Andrea Palladio or Andrea di Pietro della Gondola
This work is the subject of a Gabriel D'Annunzio poem that precedes "The rupestrian peplos" in the collection Halcyon Winged Victory at/of Samothrace (accept Statue of Nike at/of Samothrace early; accept all close equivalents)
Futurist Fillipo Marinetti claimed that "a roaring motor car that seems to run on machine-gun fire" is more beautiful than this work Winged Victory at/of Samothrace (accept Statue of Nike at/of Samothrace early; accept all close equivalents)
This work once adorned the Sanctuary of the Cabiri, and it depicts drapery billowing against the wind, with its central figure thrusting forward on the prow of a ship Winged Victory at/of Samothrace (accept Statue of Nike at/of Samothrace early; accept all close equivalents)
Discovered in 1863 by French amateur Charles Champoiseau, its inscription indicates that it commemorates a naval triumph for Rhodes Winged Victory at/of Samothrace (accept Statue of Nike at/of Samothrace early; accept all close equivalents)
FTP, name this headless, armless statue of Nike that was discovered on a namesake Aegean island. Winged Victory at/of Samothrace (accept Statue of Nike at/of Samothrace early; accept all close equivalents)
One work of this name is the third of a set of four tone poems that also includes "The Hermit Playing the Violin" and "At Play in the Waves," and is part of the Opus 128 of Max Reger The Isle of the Dead or Toteninsel
Another work of this name opens with a rolling figure in 5/8 time and features a melody also used by its composer in his Symphonic Dances The Isle of the Dead or Toteninsel
That tone poem, its composer's Opus 29, was inspired by a painting with this name in which the cypress trees and rocky outcroppings of the title locale dwarf a figure thought to represent Charon The Isle of the Dead or Toteninsel
FTP, give this name shared by a tone poem by Rachmaninoff and a series of paintings by Arnold Böcklin which depict a coffin-laden boat being rowed toward the titular locale. The Isle of the Dead or Toteninsel
The roof is supported by short struts, which form part of a vertical surface of concrete covered with "gunite." Various apertures puncture the South Wall to allow light in from above, which is then colored and redirected to illuminate the statues, while s Notre Dame du Haut (prompt on "Ronchamp" before it is mentioned)
It was begun after a previous building at the same site, on a hill near Belfort, was destroyed during World War II, and it expresses the culmination of the goals its creator had enumerated in Towards a New Architecture and achieved in other projects, such Notre Dame du Haut (prompt on "Ronchamp" before it is mentioned)
FTP, identify this pilgrimage site at Ronchamp, a modern chapel designed by Le Corbusier. Notre Dame du Haut (prompt on "Ronchamp" before it is mentioned)
This artist received two Guggenheim genius grants for a project dealing with "Rites, Manners, and Customs" and taught at the Parsons School of Design Diane Arbus (or Diane Nemerov)
A pupil of Model, a notable earlier work of hers depicts a child with a toy grenade Diane Arbus (or Diane Nemerov)
She received most of her formal artistic training with her husband, who became a noted fashion photographer, and she served as his stylist Diane Arbus (or Diane Nemerov)
After she left her husband Alan in 1960, she received further training from Richard Avedon Diane Arbus (or Diane Nemerov)
Identical Twins, Roselle, New Jersey is typical of her work and shows Catherine and Colleen Wade, a pair of conjoined twins Diane Arbus (or Diane Nemerov)
FTP, name the American photographer best known for her images of freaks and outsiders. Diane Arbus (or Diane Nemerov)
The construction of this building was documented by the black and white photographs of Max Dupain Sydney Opera House
Two large murals were commissioned for it, one by Michael Jagamara and the "Salute to Five Bells" by John Olsen Sydney Opera House
A section of it is known as the Wobbly Land for its U-shaped timber paneling Sydney Opera House
Architectural breakthroughs included the use of telescoping erection arches to avoid scaffolding and epoxy resin to bond rib segments Sydney Opera House
When Jorn Utzon resigned as the main architect, its construction was thrown into controversy Sydney Opera House
FTP, name this building on Bennelong Point, a performing arts venue in Australia noted for its distinctive roof. Sydney Opera House
One set of door panels on this building was sculpted by John Donnelly Jr United States Supreme Court Building or Structure or Hall
and depicts scenes taken from the shield of Achilles, while the main corridor, known as the Great Hall, features double rows of monolithic columns United States Supreme Court Building or Structure or Hall
Upon its completion, its east entrance featured a sculpture group by Herman McNeil while another sculpture group was completed by Robert Aitken at one entrance and some large statues were crafted by James Earle Fraser United States Supreme Court Building or Structure or Hall
Located at One First Street,fr ten points, identify this structure designed by Cass Gilbert whose frieze is anchored by a central tablet that reads "Equal Justice Under Law." United States Supreme Court Building or Structure or Hall
Samuel Rogers' Italy was the inspiration for this artist's "Ginevra," while John Milton inspired his "Il Penseroso." He began his career making wax figures of characters from Dante's Inferno and moved to sculpting busts of such patrons as Jacob Burnett a Hiram Powers
The only male nude sculpted by this man was one of a conch-shell holding child, the Fisher Boy, while his female sculptures include The Last of the Tribes, a rendition of an Indian girl, and California, an allegorical take on the Gold Rush Hiram Powers
However, his masterpiece was an adaptation of the Venus di Medici showing a nude woman holding a cross and chained to a post Hiram Powers
FTP, identify this American neoclassical sculptor of the Greek Slave. Hiram Powers
William Hogarth described the importance of including these in the sets of performances of Antony and Cleopatra in his tract The Analysis of Beauty Columns (accept specific buzzes of "Corinthian Columns," etc.)
One of these appears by a shallow pool at the far right of Masaccio's Saint Peter Baptizing the Neophytes, while two groups of them flank the left side of Delacroix's Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople Columns (accept specific buzzes of "Corinthian Columns," etc.)
Gold was applied very liberally to those separating the prophets and sybils when Michaelangelo decorated the Sistine Ceiling Columns (accept specific buzzes of "Corinthian Columns," etc.)
St Columns (accept specific buzzes of "Corinthian Columns," etc.)
Jerome unfurls a scroll as he stands in front of a group of them in Parmigianino's Madonna of the Long Neck, while two of them fittingly appear in the background of David's Oath of the Horatii Columns (accept specific buzzes of "Corinthian Columns," etc.)
FTP, identify these architectural features which have acanthus leaves on their capitols in their Corinthian varieties, and might also come in Doric and Ionic examples. Columns (accept specific buzzes of "Corinthian Columns," etc.)
While working on the design for this structure the artist produced a never-realized sketch for a New York hotel featuring several 200 meter high parabolic towers Casa Mila
Some of the walls of this structure were notably painted by Alexis Clapes Casa Mila
A series of ventilators punctuate the tiled façade at the top of this structure, on top of which sits a bench similar to one in another of the architect's structures nearby Casa Mila
Later nicknamed "the quarry," its balconies were partially designed by Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert Casa Mila
Visitors can enter the meticulously preserved apartment at the top of this structure, which features hand-molded ceilings that match the undulating main façade Casa Mila
Standing on a corner near the Casa Batllo, this is, for 10 points, what multi-family housing structure created by Antonio Gaudi? Casa Mila
He designed one church dedicated to a saint from Pietrelcina that is located in San Giovanni Rotondo, while he also designed a museum located in Riehen, Switzerland and the Maranello Wind Tunnel used by Ferrari Renzo Piano
In addition to the Beyeler Museum, one of his designs is a collection of ten "huts" organized into three "villages" that represents Kanak culture Renzo Piano
That work, the Tjibaou Culture Centre in New Caladonia, was finished after such works as the Menil Museum in Houston and a mile-long airport terminal located on an artificial island, the Kansai Terminal in Osaka Renzo Piano
However, he may be best known for a building whose exterior displays color-coded pipes for water and electricity, a museum that he co-designed with Richard Rogers Renzo Piano
FTP, name this Italian architect who co-designed the Pompidou Center. Renzo Piano
The first two sections of this piece consist of a swirling red yellow abstraction atop an animal hide and a green and pink floral shape atop a shell-covered piece of burlap, respectively representing primordial and floral spirits The Dinner Party
The artist created a set of six tapestry banners to decorate the entrance to its current display in the Sackler Center in Brooklyn The Dinner Party
The rise of Christianity is the focus of the second of its 13 section, 48 foot wings, and follows a range of figures from Marcella to von Schurman The Dinner Party
The depressed floor that forms this work's center consists of shiny white porcelain with inscriptions naming Aspasia, Nepthys, Sofonisba Anguissola, and 996 others The Dinner Party
A triangle decorated with 39 chalices and plates highlights, FTP, which rendering of a hypothetical suppertime gathering of famous women, a work by Judy Chicago? The Dinner Party
This man's works include a number of buildings on Nuns' Island in Montreal and a building which features a translucent onyx wall, the Villa Tugendhat Ludwig Mies van der Rohe [accept Maria Ludwig Michael Mies]
While working at IIT, he designed the Farnsworth House, and his "skin and bones" architecture is exemplified by such works as the Lake Shore Drive Apartments Ludwig Mies van der Rohe [accept Maria Ludwig Michael Mies]
He and Lilly Reich created the Barcelona Chair for his German Pavilion, while another of his designs features three-position window blinds and the Four Seasons Restaurant, and is located on Park Avenue Ludwig Mies van der Rohe [accept Maria Ludwig Michael Mies]
For 10 points, identify this last chairman of the Bauhaus, who said "less is more" and collaborated with Phillip Johnson on the Seagram Building. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe [accept Maria Ludwig Michael Mies]
He developed what he called the "zone system" in creating his works, which involved visualization of the final print Ansel Easton Adams
One of his works shows a man walking down a row of huts and another man sitting on a stoop; that image is a part of his collaboration with John Hersey that showed life in an internment camp, Manzanar Ansel Easton Adams
He also collaborated with Nancy Newhall on This is the American Earth, and some of his earlier work showed Mount Williamson with a storm moving over it Ansel Easton Adams
He's best known for his black and white works, which include such Yosemite National Park scenes as Moon and Half Dome Ansel Easton Adams
For 10 points, name this f/64 member, a photographer of the American West. Ansel Easton Adams
He developed the "chicken-claw" floor plan for his theorized "Cartesian skyscraper." His buildings include the Curuchet House in Argentina, and he and Nicolai Kolli designed Moscow's Tsentrosoyuz Building Le Corbusier [accept Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris]
His three furniture types include "type-needs" and "human-limb," and he helped reconstruct the port of Marseilles, which included his first Unite d'Habitation Le Corbusier [accept Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris]
He enumerated his "five points" in his Towards a New Architecture, and other works of his include a concrete church in Ronchamp and a house mounted on piloti, typical of his International Style Le Corbusier [accept Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris]
For 10 points, name this Swiss-French architect of the Notre Dame du Haut and the Villa Savoye. Le Corbusier [accept Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris]
An arena designed by this man contains a 300-foot backbone and has been nicknamed the "Yale Whale," and a skyscraper in New York has a jagged top and is nicknamed "Black Rock." Another one of his designs features five buildings surrounding a reflecting po Eero Saarinen
In addition to the General Motors Technical Center and Kresge Auditorium at MIT, he designed the TWA terminal at JFK and the main terminal of Dulles International Airport, though it is for a landmark on the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in Missour Eero Saarinen
For 10 points, identify this architect who created the Gateway Arch, a Finn. Eero Saarinen
The display of this work prompted the magazine Punch to create a piece parodying it, and it inspired a poem by R.S.C The Greek Slave
in The Knickerbocker Magazine The Greek Slave
Its creator noted that he hoped to express the "utter despair for the present mingled with somewhat of scorn for all around her," while six different versions were made by its creator The Greek Slave
Found in the Raby Castle, its main figure bears a cross and locket, which indicate her Christianity The Greek Slave
The subject of a Elizabeth Barrett Browning sonnet and a Whittier poem, the title figure was allegedly nude thanks to the title character's Turkish captors, and her attempt to shield her eyes demonstrates her chastity while chains cover her gentials The Greek Slave
Based on the Venus de' Medici, this is, FTP, which statue of a nude woman, the most famous work by Hiram Powers? The Greek Slave
Its grounds included the Formal Gardens of Archille Duchene as well as the small colonnaded enclosure known as the Temple of Diana, while its Grand Bridge was partly submerged during the damming of the River Glyme Blenheim Palace [prompt on "Palace of Woodstock" or obvious equivalents]
This building itself contains a series of ceiling paintings by James Thornhill as well as a great Willis Organ, which sits at the north end of its famed "Long Library." Henry Wise's designs for the grounds of this building were revised by Lancelot Brown, Blenheim Palace [prompt on "Palace of Woodstock" or obvious equivalents]
Built on the former site of Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire, for ten points, name this residence built by John Vanbrugh to commemorate a 1704 victory of John Churchill in the War of the Spanish Succession. Blenheim Palace [prompt on "Palace of Woodstock" or obvious equivalents]
One work of his, the colossal Saint John the Evangelist currently resides in the Duomo of Florence, but from its creation until 1588, it occupied a place in the façade of the Baptistery, a building which this artist's mentor, Lorenzo Ghiberti, had designe Donatello
Following his work on Saint John, he worked on a statue of St Donatello
Mark for the Orsanmichele church, where he would also create a statue of Saint George several years later Donatello
While working on the sculpture Habbakuk, or Zuccone, he is alleged to have repeatedly muttered "Speak, Damn you, Speak" at the marble he was working with Donatello
For ten points, identify this 15th-century artist and sculptor of the Equestrian Monument of Gattamelata and the Bronze David. Donatello
One of his early shorts was 1962's Herakles, and he examined an island inhabited by the titular figures in Even Dwarfs Started Small Werner Herzog
One of this man's title characters is a man who dreams of using wealth acquired from selling Peruvian rubber to build an opera house in Iquitos, and he directed a documentary about the Sahara in Fata Morgana Werner Herzog
After Errol Morris directed a film about pet cemetaries, this man agreed to eat his shoe in a 1980 movie, and one of his most famous works describes the descent into madness of Spanish explorers searching for El Dorado Werner Herzog
His more recent works include the Antarctica documentary Encounters at the End of the World, and his examination of the life of Timothy Treadwell in 2005's Grizzly Man Werner Herzog
For 10 points, name this German director of Fitzcarraldo and Aguirre: The Wrath of God. Werner Herzog
One character in this film attends a showing of Whirlpool À bout de soufflé [or Breathless]
In one scene of this film the protagonist tells his love interest in jest that if she does not smile in 8 seconds that he will choke her À bout de soufflé [or Breathless]
The director makes a cameo as the bystander who recognizes the protagonist from a picture in the newspaper and promptly notifies the cops À bout de soufflé [or Breathless]
A notable translation error centering on the word dégueulasse occurs at the end of this film, and the protagonist constantly mimics Humphrey Bogart by rubbing his lips, in addition to going by the alias Laszlo Kovacs À bout de soufflé [or Breathless]
At the end of this film, Detective Vital and Patricia catch up with the protagonist, and many scenes in this film were accomplished with jump cuts À bout de soufflé [or Breathless]
For 10 points, name this film about Michel Poiccard and his run from the police, directed by Jean-Luc Godard. À bout de soufflé [or Breathless]
Buildings named for Sehzade and Suleymanye were modeled on this older building Hagia Sophia [accept Aya Sofya]
The Mosaic of the Donors is located above the Vestibule of the Warriors, which is the modern entrance to this building Hagia Sophia [accept Aya Sofya]
Jesus, next to the Virgin Mary and St Hagia Sophia [accept Aya Sofya]
John the Baptist, holds Book of Gospels in the mostly-damaged Deësis Mosaic at the southern gallery Hagia Sophia [accept Aya Sofya]
A seraphim decorates each of the triangular pendentive, which supports the central dome, surrounded by forty windows so that it appears to be floating Hagia Sophia [accept Aya Sofya]
An earlier version of this building was destroyed in the Nika Revolt Hagia Sophia [accept Aya Sofya]
For 10 points, identify this church in present-day Istanbul commissioned from Isidorus and Anthemius by Justinian I, the Church of Holy Wisdom. Hagia Sophia [accept Aya Sofya]
A slightly crouched, winged figure standing atop a hemisphere and clad only in a flight cap served as this artist's monument to James R John Gutzon Borglum
McConnell entitled "The Aviator," while another of his works, derived from a life mask created by Leonard Volk, was originally displayed in the Capitol Rotunda John Gutzon Borglum
As part of a commission from the United Daughters of the Confederacy, he designed a scene depicting Jefferson Davis, Stonewall Jackson, and Robert E John Gutzon Borglum
Lee followed by legion of artillery troops; however, the intended high-relief frieze on Stone Mountain was never completed John Gutzon Borglum
For 10 points, name this American who sculpted Thomas Paine and Woodrow Wilson during a world tour while his son Lincoln supervised the completion of the presidential busts at Mount Rushmore. John Gutzon Borglum
This architect created a family pantheon of full figure statues, including one of Caterina, Queen of Cyprus, in first use of the two-story projecting portico-loggia motif in Western architecture Andrea Palladio
The Emo family commissioned a residence from this architect, who used a Greek temple-front design for a house commissioned by the Foscari family, La Malcontenta Andrea Palladio
This architect designed a bilaterally symmetrical building with four porticos surrounding a central dome inspired by the Pantheon, which is sometimes called the Villa Capra Andrea Palladio
For 10 points, name this Italian Renaissance architect of the Villa Rotunda. Andrea Palladio
This architect's works in Texas include the Amon Carter Museum in Fort Worth and the Chapel of St Philip Johnson
Basil at the University of St Philip Johnson
Thomas in Houston Philip Johnson
With Burgee, this architect designed two buildings slanting towards each other in Madrid, the Puerta de Europa towers Philip Johnson
He built a gatehouse he called "Da Monsta" in front of his personal residence, which uses a central brick cylinder to divide space Philip Johnson
This architect used a "Chippendale" style ornamental top as a pediment for a skyscraper now called the Sony building, the AT&T Building Philip Johnson
For 10 points, name this American architect who built the Glass House and collaborated with Mies van der Rohe on the Seagram building. Philip Johnson
This architect briefly worked on the Church of San Sebastiano for Lodovico Gonzaga Leon Battista Alberti
One of this artist's Florentine palaces features entablatures built on pilasters, and he designed a chapel for that family in the San Pancrazio church Leon Battista Alberti
In addition to those buildings for the Rucellai, he designed the facade for the Santa Maria Novella and worked on the Tempio Malatestiano in Rimini Leon Battista Alberti
This artist discussed the mathematical nature of linear perspective in a book modeled after a work of Vitruvius with the same name Leon Battista Alberti
For 10 points, name this Renaissance architect from Italy, the author of On Painting and Ten Books on Architecture. Leon Battista Alberti
This artist chose Nikias to paint many of his works Praxiteles
The Leconfield Head and the Aberdeen Head are attributed to this artist, who was trained by his father Cephisodotus Praxiteles
This artist used the courtesan Phyrne as a model for many of his works, which include the Marathon Boy Praxiteles
He sculpted a god standing next to a tree being climbed by a lizard in his statue Apollo Sauroktonos Praxiteles
According to Pliny, he scuplted a nude goddess for the town of Kos, as well as a statue of an infant being held by the messenger of the gods Praxiteles
For 10 points, name this ancient Greek sculptor of the Aphrodite of Cnidus and Hermes Carrying the Infant Dionysus. Praxiteles
One of this musician's works includes Thad Jones playing a "Pop Goes the Weasel" solo, and was arranged by "Wild Bill" Davis William "Count" Basie
He first joined Walter Page's Blue Devils, and employed Joe Williams for the standard "Every Day I Have the Blues," and Frank Foster for the tenor sax riff in "Shiny Stockings." This musician originated a piece first called "Blue Ball" that includes a twe William "Count" Basie
He formed a band featuring the dueling soloists Herschel Evans and Lester Young, his Barons of Rhythm, and later led his namesake orchestra William "Count" Basie
For 10 points, name this jazz pianist of "Taxi War Dance," "April in Paris," and "One O' Clock Jump." William "Count" Basie
This person wrote the novel The Notebooks of Captain George and the play Orvet Jean Renoir
This director portrayed the struggles of the Texas sharecropper Sam Tucker in The Southerner, and adapted a Georges de la Fouchardiere novel into his film The Bitch Jean Renoir
He focused on the resistance fighters Albert Lory and Louise Martin in The Land is Mine, and the actors of the commedia dell'arte in his The Golden Coach Jean Renoir
In one of his films, the gamekeeper Schumacher kills the aviator Andre Jurieux in a greenhouse, and in another of his movies, the prisoners of war Marechal and Rosenthal escape into Switzerland Jean Renoir
For 10 points, name this French director of The Rules of the Game and The Grand Illusion. Jean Renoir
This architect designed the Paris headquarters of the French Communist Party Oscar Niemeyer
He designed several buildings in Algiers, including the Zoological Gardens and the University of Constantine, and created the Niterói Contemporary Art Museum in 1996 Oscar Niemeyer
This architect collaborated with Le Corbusier on the United Nations Headquarters, and designed the buildings of the Pampulha complex Oscar Niemeyer
He designed a cathedral using concrete hyperboloids while working with Lúcio Costa's plan of a butterfly-shaped capital city Oscar Niemeyer
For 10 points, name this architect who designed the buildings of Brasília. Oscar Niemeyer
During rehearsals for this work, Anton Raaf attempted to remove the quartet "Andrò romingo e solo." The central character laments that a storm stronger than the one outside is raging in his soul in "Fuor del mar," and in a royal garden the female lead, a Idomeneo, re di Creta
One character delcares his love for Ilia in "Non ho colpa", and that character later slays a sea monster to save his country, but the title character is informed that he must sacrifice Idamante in order to appease Neptune Idomeneo, re di Creta
For 10 points, name this Mozart opera about a Cretan king. Idomeneo, re di Creta
At one point, it depicts four couples engaged in a quadrille The Great Train Robbery
It ends in a forested area, after the contents of several pouches have been dumped on the ground The Great Train Robbery
The title event is set in motion after a false telegraph communication is sent, telling another party not to make a stop for water at Red Lodge The Great Train Robbery
Featuring Gilbert Anderson in various roles including as the tenderfoot dancer and as a wounded victim, this work's ending was referenced by Martin Scorsese at the end of Goodfellas, when Joe Pesci's character shoots a gun directly into the camera The Great Train Robbery
Composed of 14 scenes, it is roughly ten minutes long and was not filmed in the American West The Great Train Robbery
For 10 points, identify this 1903 work, primarily shot in Edison, New Jersey, along the Lackawanna Railroad, the first narrative film in history, directed by Edwin S The Great Train Robbery
Porter. The Great Train Robbery
This work discusses the engineering aesthetic, which the author claims is inspired by the law of economy and governed by mathematical calculation to achieve harmony Towards a New Architecture [or Vers une architecture]
The author claims that thoughtless Popes destroyed Michelangelo's works through their additions, and that Rome has turned into a picturesque bazaar Towards a New Architecture [or Vers une architecture]
The author of this work further asserts that the airplane is the product of closed selection and that styles are a lie in a section entitled "Eyes Which Do Not See." The titular concept is described as going "beyond utilitarian needs," and the author desc Towards a New Architecture [or Vers une architecture]
Its creation was inspired by its namesake's trip to Japan with John La Farge, although most art historians believe that its creator was influenced by the works of Claus Sluter and the contemporary exhibition of an Antonin Mercie sculpture Adams Memorial
Its central figure's hand is brought up to the face, though the hand barely touches the cheek Adams Memorial
The rest of the seated body is obscured by a coarse cloth that forms a shroud over the figure's head Adams Memorial
Built to honor a woman who went by the nickname "Clover" and who was born with the last name Hooper, this work is faced by a bench which is cast in bronze and is seated on a stone in Washington D.C.'s Rock Creek Cemetery Adams Memorial
Finished in 1891, for 10 points, identify this monument created by Augustus St Adams Memorial
Gaudens which bears the last name of the man who commissioned it, the author of Mont St Adams Memorial
Michel and Chartres. Adams Memorial
One of this man's designs was inspired by a pair of leather breeches and was first created using an array of wooden dowels stuck in the ground Alvar Aalto [or Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto]
Another of his creations contains a dining hall partly illuminated by a "moon garden" and was designed on a wave plan to minimize noise from Memorial Drive and maximize views of the Charles River Alvar Aalto [or Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto]
In addition to the Savoy vase and MIT's Baker House, he designed a cantilevered birch chair angled to provide comfort to tuberculosis patients that is still produced by his furniture company Artek Alvar Aalto [or Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto]
That chair was created for a sanatorium he designed for the town of Paimio, while his other works include a municipal library in the former Viipuri Alvar Aalto [or Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto]
For 10 points, identify this architect and creator of Helsinki's Finlandia Hall. Alvar Aalto [or Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto]
Some of his most recent work, such as the Luxury Hotel, the Hesperia Tower, and the remodeling of Las Arenas, which converted an old bullring into a mall, has been done in Barcelona Richard Rogers
His civic commissions include a structure whose primary components are three egg shaped vessels that recall Kentish oast-buildings and now houses the law courts of Bordeaux Richard Rogers
He also oversaw the construction of a building primarily made up of cylinders and glass to house the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg Richard Rogers
Closer to home, he counts the Senedd building for the National Assembly for Wales and the Lloyd's Building in London as successes, though the Millenium Dome turned out to be another matter Richard Rogers
His breakthrough project was completed in 1976 and relies on color coding to highlight the exposed heating and air conditioning funnels running throughout Richard Rogers
For 10 points, identify this British architect who designed the Centre Pompidou with Renzo Piano. Richard Rogers
Three figures stand on a rock formation in the background of this piece behind St Portinari Altarpiece
Anthony and St Portinari Altarpiece
Thomas, who are clothed in black and a green and red robe, respectively Portinari Altarpiece
The patron's wife and daughter, Maria Maddalena and Margherita, are depicted praying in another portion of this work next to a body of water, while two figures, one holding a candle and another in red reading, stand over them Portinari Altarpiece
Set in the ruins of King David's palace, a flowerpot sits in the foreground of the central panel of this work Portinari Altarpiece
It depicts an elderly Joseph praying to the left while two angels clad in light blue sit just to the right of Mary, who gazes adoringly over the Christchild Portinari Altarpiece
Commisioned by the Medici Bank's representative in Bruges, for 10 points, idenitfy this work for the Church of Saint Egidio in the hospital of the Santa Maria Nuova, an alterpiece completed by Hugo van der Goes. Portinari Altarpiece
This artist created a bronze candle stick for the Palazo della Signoria, while Lucrezia Donati was the subject of his Woman With a Primrose Andrea del Verrocchio
Other works by this man include a painting that features two children in white kneeling in front of Saint Monica and a bust of Alexander the Great, in ancient armor, that was given as a gift to the King of Hungary Andrea del Verrocchio
The relative lack of Christian imagery in his work is particularly notable in his porphyry and marble tomb of Piero and Giovanni de Medici at the Church of San Lorenzo, though his only surviving metal work is The Beheading of John the Baptist Andrea del Verrocchio
Although the Villa Careggi is home to his bronze Putto with a Dolphin, his greatest work was originally placed in the Piazza San Marco in Venice and depicted a noted condotierro on horseback Andrea del Verrocchio
For 10 points, name this sculptor of the Equestrian Monument of Colleoni, whose painting Baptism of Christ was created with his student, Leonardo da Vinci. Andrea del Verrocchio
One structure at this site features Giovanni Sogliani's Madonna on the left hand side of the pier, offset by Andrea del Sarto's St Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
Agnes on the right hand side Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
That building's bronze doors were rebuilt in Giambologna's workshop after a fire gutted much of the complex in 1595 Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
Rainaldo built the façade, thus continuing the work of the original architect, Buschetto Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
Visitors usually enter the site through the Bonnanus designed Porta di San Ranieri, which opens onto the courtyard and a more well known structure Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
A pair of lions, accompanied by statues of Michael and Hercules, supports the columns of the main building's large ornate pulpit, which was designed by Giovanni Pisano Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
It also features a 16th century bronze lamp that was said to have inspired some well known experiments at this site by Galileo Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
For 10 points, identify this cathedral in the Piazza dei Miracoli, best known for its campanile, a famed Leaning Tower. Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
One character in this work is forced to sing Caffariello's song Venus Descendeth The Daughter of the Regiment or La Figlia del Reggimento or La Fille du Régiment
The French version of this opera contains the aria "Pour une femme de mon nom," in which one character decries the manners of the French.The central character bids farewell to her friends with the aria "Il faut partir" and is next seen residing with the M The Daughter of the Regiment or La Figlia del Reggimento or La Fille du Régiment
That title character sings "Chacun le sait" and the Rataplan chorus, and loves the Tyrolean peasant Tonio The Daughter of the Regiment or La Figlia del Reggimento or La Fille du Régiment
For 10 points, name this Donizetti opera whose title character Marie was found as a baby by a group of soldiers. The Daughter of the Regiment or La Figlia del Reggimento or La Fille du Régiment
A notable building of this man's that has not survived was a 1200 seat theater on Savage's Green James Hoban
His teachers included Thomas Ivory and he worked with Thomas Cooley on the Royal Exchange building before he emigrated James Hoban
He and his longtime partner Pierce Purcell helped design and build the Seabrook House and the Charleston County Courthouse in South Carolina, and he also designed the Georgian "Great Hotel," the largest privately owned building in the nation's capital bef James Hoban
But his most famous design, originally inspired by the Leinster House in Dublin, was chosen as the winning entry in a special competition precipitated by L'Enfant's dismissal from the project by George Washington James Hoban
For 10 points, identify this Irish-born architect of the White House. James Hoban
It was originally supposed to be decorated with scenes from the life of Hercules, but this plan was ultimately rejected in favor of contemporary scenes The Hall of Mirrors or Galerie des Glaces
Its construction was purportedly threatened by Venetian emissaries who sought to protect their monopoly over a certain process, and it contains such images as Crossing the Rhine, The Signing of the Treaty of Nijmegen, and The King Governs Alone The Hall of Mirrors or Galerie des Glaces
Originally adorned with solid silver tables and orange tree pots, its seventeen windows match the number of ornate namesake items set into arcades The Hall of Mirrors or Galerie des Glaces
Its construction under Jules Hardouin Mansart began in 1678 and it is 73 meters long The Hall of Mirrors or Galerie des Glaces
Including more than 30 paintings by Charles Le Brun, it is flanked at one end by the Salon of Peace, while the Salon of War is at the other The Hall of Mirrors or Galerie des Glaces
For 10 points, identify this celebrated room built at the Palace of Versailles. The Hall of Mirrors or Galerie des Glaces
The best known work associated with this building is based on The Golden Legend and depicts a group of men who were beaten to death on Diocletian's orders Orsanmichele
On the ground floor, one can see Andrea Orcagna's marble tabernacle, which enshrines Bernardo Daddi's Madonna Orsanmichele
Originally built on the site of an orchard, it housed a grain storage center, but became a hub of artistic activity after the seven major guilds were charged with decorating it in 1339 Orsanmichele
This resulted in the silk merchants bringing in Baccio to create St Orsanmichele
John the Evangelist, while the Bankers sponsored Lorenzo Ghiberti's Saint Mathew Orsanmichele
Located between the Palazzo della Signoria and Il Duomo, for 10 points, identify this building in Florence, best known for its fourteen niches, which hold such individual masterpieces as The Four Saints by Nanni di Banco and Donatello's St Orsanmichele
Mark. Orsanmichele
During a visit to Luna Park, its protagonist saves a drunken piglet from a gaming booth and ends up dancing Sunrise
In another scene, the jilted antagonist circles a newspaper ad for the United States Real Estate Co Sunrise
Its centerpiece is a tram scene, followed by a then-revolutionary chase through city traffic Sunrise
The first film released using the Fox Movietone system, it featured a score by Hugo Riesenfeld that used a French horn during the climactic scenes revolving around a woman's disappearance in a boat Sunrise
Its director's American debut, it was subtitled "A Song for Two Humans," and follows the ups and downs of a relationship between archetypal figures played by George O'Brien and Janet Gaynor Sunrise
For 10 points, identify this 1927 work which ends with the titular event cementing the reconciliation of the country man and the country woman, a film by F.W Sunrise
Murnau. Sunrise
Some buildings that this architect designed using interconnected textile blocks include his Freeman House, “La Miniatura,” and Ennis House Frank Lloyd WrightÂ
This architect designed the Wingspread for the same client for whom he produced the no-walled “Great Workroom,” the interior of the Johnson Wax Headquarters Frank Lloyd WrightÂ
Roman brick and Bedford limestone were used in this architect's Robie House, which exemplifies his Prairie style of architecture Frank Lloyd WrightÂ
This architect of the Tokyo Imperial Hotel is best known for a cantilevered structure for Edgar Kaufmann in southwestern Pennysylvania Frank Lloyd WrightÂ
For 10 points, name this American architect who designed Fallingwater. Frank Lloyd WrightÂ
This sculptor created a winged figure standing on a globe as a memorial for the Aviator James R (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
McConnell (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
This man's first major work was the bronze Mares of Diomedes, which he followed up with an equestrian statue of Philip Sheridan (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
This sculptor created a marble bust of Abraham Lincoln for the Capitol Rotunda and abandoned a project in which Robert E (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
Lee, Jefferson Davis, and Stonewall Jackson were carved into Stone Mountain (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
His best known work was finished by his son Lincoln and contains an enterable Hall of Records above a massive pile of granite remains (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
For 10 points, name this sculptor who designed Mount Rushmore. (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
Its author responded to criticism of this play in a “Letter on the Comedy of the Imposter.” Near the end of this play, the Norman-born Bailiff Loyal orders the protagonist to vacate his house Tartuffe
Before the action of this play, Argas entrusts the villain with incriminating documents Tartuffe
The title character of this play convinces the protagonist to let him spend more time with Elmire Tartuffe
This play includes the servant Dorine, and ends with the planned marriage of Valere and Mariane Tartuffe
The final act of this play sees an officer of King Louis XIV ordering the title character arrested, saving the house of Orgon and his family.  For 10 points, name this Moliere comedy about a religious hypocrite. Tartuffe
This architect collaborated with Nadir Afonso on a plan which he implemented in The House of the Mad or Radiant City Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris [or Le Corbusier]
This architect designed the College of Architecture in the same city in which he designed a rotating metal open hand and the Palace of Justice Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris [or Le Corbusier]
This architect included the sections “The Lesson of Rome” and “Eyes That Do Not See” in his magnum opus, Towards a New Architecture, written decades before he served as lead designer of Chandigarh, India Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris [or Le Corbusier]
This architect is best known for a church in Ronchamp and a house in Poissy executed in the International Style Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris [or Le Corbusier]
For 10 points, name this French architect of the Villa Savoye. Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris [or Le Corbusier]
This architect used gold leaf and arcade window walls for his Golden Door, part of the Transportation Building in Chicago Louis Henri Sullivan
This architect's National Farmer's Bank, which uses terra cotta in its window outlines, is similar to one work that was commissioned by Hascal Taylor Louis Henri Sullivan
This designer of the Buffalo Guaranty Building used floating ties for one work for which he collaborated with Dankmar Adler, the Auditorium Building, and drew on the exterior ornaments of Reims Catheral for another work largely constructed of red brick Louis Henri Sullivan
The Wainwright Building was designed by, for 10 points, what architect, whose mantra was “form follows function?” Louis Henri Sullivan
One film produced in this country takes place on St Kingdom of Sweden [or Konungariket Sverige]
Sylvester's Night, and sees the protagonist David come to terms with his past wrongdoings; that film is The Phantom Chariot Kingdom of Sweden [or Konungariket Sverige]
Another film from this country centers on a medical professor thinking of Marianne and Sara on a trip to receive an honorary degree Kingdom of Sweden [or Konungariket Sverige]
Martin Luther King, Jr Kingdom of Sweden [or Konungariket Sverige]
briefly appears in a 1967 film by a director from this country that was deemed pornographic in Massachusetts, I Am Curious [Yellow] Kingdom of Sweden [or Konungariket Sverige]
The most notable director from this country captured Best Foreign Language Film Oscars for The Virgin Spring and Through a Glass Darkly and directed a film about a knight who plays chess with Death Kingdom of Sweden [or Konungariket Sverige]
For 10 points, name this country, the home of the director of The Seventh Seal, Ingmar Bergman. Kingdom of Sweden [or Konungariket Sverige]
One character in this opera tries to cheer up her sister with the Song of the Parrot, while their old nurse does the same with the Song of the Gnat Boris Godunov
At the beginning of this work, a crowd of people sing, “Why hast thou abandoned us?” when a secretary tells the people that the title character is inflexible Boris Godunov
The title character dies while saying “Hark 'tis the passing bell!” Act II of this work begins with Varlaam singing a drinking song about his exploits in Kazan Boris Godunov
Its first act ends with the coronation of the title character, who is supported by Prince Shuisky Boris Godunov
At the end of this work, the title character hands the throne to his son Fyodor, and is haunted by the murdered Dmitri Boris Godunov
For 10 points, name this Pushkin-based opera about a czar, a work of Modest Mussorgsky. Boris Godunov
This man intended to place animatronic gazelles on the gates to one of his works, which also features long benches designed around the shape of a worker's buttocks and a mosaic-covered fountain in the shape of a lizard Antonio Gaudi [or Antoni Placid Guillem Gaudi y Cornet]
Another of his buildings features a tower topped with a turret and a cross that is thought to represent St Antonio Gaudi [or Antoni Placid Guillem Gaudi y Cornet]
George's sword jammed into the dragon-like arched roof, as well as a façade with mullions that look like bones Antonio Gaudi [or Antoni Placid Guillem Gaudi y Cornet]
This designer of the Park Guell and the Casa Batllo also created an apartment building with an undulating façade also known as "The Quarry" and a still-unfinished church whose eighteen towers are supposed to represent Jesus and the twelve Apostles Antonio Gaudi [or Antoni Placid Guillem Gaudi y Cornet]
For 10 points, name this Catalan architect of Casa Mila and the Sagrada Familia. Antonio Gaudi [or Antoni Placid Guillem Gaudi y Cornet]
This man's version of "Broadway" has Al Killian and Ed Lewis appear on trumpets, as they do in another work that uses a 12-bar blues tune broadcast from the Reno Club Count Basie
He employed soloists like Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis and the earlier Harry "Sweets Edison," and his rhythm section consisted of guitarist Freddie Green and drummer "Papa" Jo Jones Count Basie
He was discovered by John Hammond after leaving Bennie Moten to form his own Barons of Rhythm in Kansas City Count Basie
His better-known groups include the Old and New Testament bands Count Basie
For 10 points, name this jazz pianist and frequent collaborator of Ella Fitzgerald and Billie Holiday, best known for "Tickle Toe," "Jumpin' at the Woodside," and his signature piece named for the time at which it was originally improvised, "One O' Clock Count Basie
One story about this artistic piece says that its creator was disgusted by the criticism of his local barber, so he set up a large marble vase in front of his barbershop to block his view of this work Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)
Above a niche on the left of this work, a statue by Andrea Bergondi depicts Agrippa supervising construction of the Aqua Virgo Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)
This piece also contains two allegorical depictions of Abundance and Health by Filippo della Valle, as well as a central sculpture by Pietro Bracci which contains figures often called the “agitated horse” and the “placid horse.” It was originally Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)
For 10 points, name this construction on the Piazza Poli in Rome, a fountain known for collecting coins. Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi)
This architect designed a museum that was eighty percent inside a mountain forcing him to carve a tunnel through the mountain for the entrance Ieoh Ming Pei
Along with the Miho Museum, he designed a glass pavilion that would let in light meant to symbolize hope for the JFK Presidential Library Ieoh Ming Pei
Another building is coated in white metal and includes a giant cylinder standing above Lake Erie Ieoh Ming Pei
A different work by this architect was added onto a building by John Russell Pope Ieoh Ming Pei
In addition to designing the John Hancock Building and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, this architect is famous for a large structure in the Cour Napolean Ieoh Ming Pei
For 10 points, name this architect of the East Wing of the National Gallery and the Glass Pyramid at the Louvre. Ieoh Ming Pei
An architecture firm originating in this country designed the Vodol chair as well as the UFA Cinema Center and an extension for the Akron Art Museum.  An architect from this country designed the Haas Haus and the Museum Abteiburg.  In addition to the fi Austria
This movie's last scene features a crowd watching a giant dead stingray on the beach; it died by overstuffing its mouth with too many fish La Dolce Vita [accept The Sweet Life]
In another scene, a crowd follows two children who claim to have seen the Virgin Mary tearing down a tree where the vision supposedly took place La Dolce Vita [accept The Sweet Life]
After reconciling with his fiancée, Emma, the protagonist of this movie receives a call informing him that his friend Steiner has killed himself and his children La Dolce Vita [accept The Sweet Life]
At the beginning of this film, a helicopter holding a suspended statue of Jesus flies to Vatican City La Dolce Vita [accept The Sweet Life]
In this movie, Anita Ekberg plays the actress Sylvia, who in a famous scene jumps into the Trevi Fountain La Dolce Vita [accept The Sweet Life]
For 10 points, name this film in which Marcello Mastroianni plays a journalist in Rome, directed by Federico Fellini. La Dolce Vita [accept The Sweet Life]
This architect used a giant sculpture of binoculars as both the pedestrian and vehicle entrance of his Chiat/Day Building Frank Gehry
He created a building originally nicknamed Fred and Ginger after Fred Astaire and Ginger Rodgers Frank Gehry
This architect included the "Sky Church" room in one building and he designed the Pritzker Pavilion in Millennium Park Frank Gehry
In addition to designing the Dancing House of Prague he designed the Pritzker Pavilion for Millennium Park Frank Gehry
Jeff Koons' sculpture Puppy lies outside one of his best known buildings, which was built along the Nervion River and is made of reflective titanium panels resembling fish scales Frank Gehry
For 10 points, name this Canadian architect who designed the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles and the Guggenheim in Bilbao. Frank Gehry
This director made a film in which the smuggler Guy Van Stratten is hired to research the past of Mr Orson Welles
Arkadin Orson Welles
This director drew from five Shakespeare plays to create a complete story of Falstaff in Chimes at Midnight He directed a film that begins with a three-minute long continuous tracking shot that is interrupted with a car blowing up Orson Welles
That film features corrupt cop Hank Quinlan and stars Charlton Heston as drug agent Mike Vargas Orson Welles
This director of Touch of Evil made a film in which Jerry Thompson researches the life of the title character, who attempts to make Susan Alexander an opera star and whispers the word "Rosebud" on his deathbed Orson Welles
For 10 points, name this director of Citizen Kane. Orson Welles
This artist added Pharoah Sanders and Rasheed Ali to his usual quartet for the album Meditations John Coltrane
His collaborations with bass clarinetist Eric Dolphy include the album Africa/Brass, which contains a reworking of "Greensleeves" by this artist's long-time pianist, McCoy Tyner John Coltrane
One of his albums contains a track named for the bassist Paul Chambers, "Mr John Coltrane
P.C.", and the ballad, "Naima." Sections titled "Acknowledgment" and "Pursuance" form parts of a later spiritual album John Coltrane
For 10 points, name this tenor saxophonist whose notey, arpeggiated style was described as "sheets of sound" and can be found on the albums Giant Steps and A Love Supreme. John Coltrane
This architect included a ribbon-like spiral staircase in his renovations of the Art Gallery of Ontario Frank Gehry
A large pair of binoculars dominates the center of his Chiat/Day Building Frank Gehry
He included a "Sky Church" in a building whose structure was inspired by pictures of guitars Frank Gehry
He also designed a building inspired by Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, his Dancing House in Prague Frank Gehry
This architect used random computer-generated curves to invoke the structure of a ship for a building that sits along the Nervion River Frank Gehry
For 10 points, name this Canadian architect of Seattle's Experience Music Project and the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao. Frank Gehry
In this work, "Caviar" and "Strasburg Pie" are given as examples of appropriate "tokens of esteem." One number was cut from its film version because Sir John Mills was too old to perform the dance moves Cats
Two thief characters describe themselves as "Knockabout clowns" and "quick change comedians," they are Mungojerrie and Rumpleteaser Cats
In this musical, Old Deuteronomy chooses Grizabella to be reborn and sing "Memory." For 10 points, name this Andrew Lloyd Webber musical based loosely on a work by T.S Cats
Eliot's about the title animals. Cats
One of this director's films open with the title character being pushed into a river and robbed by her boyfriend Federico Fellini
The main character of another of his films is a strongman who expands his chest to break chains, the Gypsy Zampano Federico Fellini
He won his sole Oscar for a film of vignettes about the misadventures of the Biondi family during the Mussolini years Federico Fellini
This director of Amarcord, Nights of Cabiria, and La strada created a scene in which Marcello and Sylvia dance in the Trevi Fountain Federico Fellini
He depicted Guido Anselmi's artistic and marital crises in a work numbered after his then film output Federico Fellini
For 10 points, name this Italian director of La dolce vita and 8 1/2. Federico Fellini
In one opera by this composer, the title character recalls her love for the man who abandoned her in "Ein Schönes War" and awaits to be carried off by Hermes in "Es Gibt ein Reich" Richard Strauss [prompt on just "Strauss"]
The "Italian Singer" sings "Di rigori armato il seno" in another opera in which the duet "Mir ist die Ehre widerfahren" is sung by Sophie and the title character, Octavian Richard Strauss [prompt on just "Strauss"]
The title character of another of his operas performs the seductive "Dance of the Seven Veils" before being executed for kissing the decapitated head of John the Baptist Richard Strauss [prompt on just "Strauss"]
For 10 points, Hugo von Hofmannsthal was the librettist for many of the operas of what composer of Ariadne Auf Naxos, Salome, and Der Rosenkavalier? Richard Strauss [prompt on just "Strauss"]
This artist's final exhibition included a depiction of a naked woman holding a lantern and lying among twigs, which had to be viewed through a keyhole Marcel Duchamp
One title figure of another work is connected to a cloud with three white squares, while the other title figures are nine "malic molds." Besides Étant Donnés and The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even, his other works include a snow shovel, an obj Marcel Duchamp
Mutt" and an inverted bicycle wheel sitting on a stool Marcel Duchamp
Prelude to a Broken Arm and Fountain are among his "readymades." For 10 points, name this French Dada of L.H.O.O.Q and Nude Descending a Staircase. Marcel Duchamp
One of this architect's buildings contains a lobby known as the Crystal Court, uses a cutback design he called "zogs," and is the tallest building in Minneapolis, the IDS Tower Philip Johnson
A building that he co-designed with John Burgee, is mocked for its resemblance to Chippendale furniture Philip Johnson
Besides the former AT&T Building, now Sony Tower, he is most famous for a house without exterior walls that he built for himself in New Canaan, and for co-designing a Phyllis Lambert-commissioned skyscraper that houses the Four Seasons restaurant Philip Johnson
For 10 points, name this American architect of the Glass House and co-designer of the Seagram Building with Mies van der Rohe. Philip Johnson
This architect's namesake "plan" shaped the redesigning of Oklahoma City in the late 1960's and early 70's Ieoh Ming Pei
One building by this architect sits alone on an island in the Persian Gulf, his Museum of Islamic Art in Doha Ieoh Ming Pei
Working alongside Cobb, this man experienced many technical problems with panels falling off his John Hancock Tower Ieoh Ming Pei
He also designed the East Wing of the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C Ieoh Ming Pei
and the National Center of Atmospheric Research at Colorado Ieoh Ming Pei
For 10 points, name this Chinese architect of the glass pyramid in front of the Louvre Museum. Ieoh Ming Pei
Two huge marble water jars in this building were brought from Pergamom in the 16th century Hagia Sophia [or Ayasofya; accept "Church of Holy Wisdom" before mention]
Depictions of Ignatius the Younger and John Chrysosthom may be found at its Northern Tympanum Hagia Sophia [or Ayasofya; accept "Church of Holy Wisdom" before mention]
On its southwestern entrance of this building is a mosaic of two important emperors presenting models of this building and its city to the Virgin Mary Hagia Sophia [or Ayasofya; accept "Church of Holy Wisdom" before mention]
It was designed by Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles after its predecessor was destroyed in the Nika Revolt Hagia Sophia [or Ayasofya; accept "Church of Holy Wisdom" before mention]
For 10 points, name this Church of Holy Wisdom, which was converted into a mosque in 1453, after the Muslim invasion of its home city of Constantinople. Hagia Sophia [or Ayasofya; accept "Church of Holy Wisdom" before mention]
The title character of one opera from this country becomes a spirit of death after she is rejected by a prince, and is the daughter of Vodnik, the water goblin Czechoslovakia [accept Czech Republic]
In another opera from this country, Emila Marty reveals that she has used an alchemist's formula to live three hundred years Czechoslovakia [accept Czech Republic]
Besides Rusalka and the Makropoulos Affair, Kostelnicka drowns the baby that the title character had with Steva in another opera from this country Czechoslovakia [accept Czech Republic]
The title character of another opera from this country tries to convince Vasek that she's undesirable so she can marry Jenik Czechoslovakia [accept Czech Republic]
Those are Jenufa and The Bartered Bride Czechoslovakia [accept Czech Republic]
For 10 points, name this home of Leon Janacek and Bedrich Smetana. Czechoslovakia [accept Czech Republic]
After seeing a 15 to 20 minute silent rough cut of this film John Huston recommended it for release in the U.S Pather Panchali (or The Song of the Little Road or The Lament of the Path)
Initially filming took place only on Sunday's due to the director's job at an ad agency, though this changed during this work's three year production Pather Panchali (or The Song of the Little Road or The Lament of the Path)
In the final climactic scene the mother's weeping is emphasized by the high notes of the tarshahnai and follows the return of her husband Pather Panchali (or The Song of the Little Road or The Lament of the Path)
Happier scenes include the family's two children following the sweet seller through their town and their running through a flower field while chasing a train Pather Panchali (or The Song of the Little Road or The Lament of the Path)
The elderly Indir's death is assumed to be inevitable, but the death of Sarabjaya and Harihar's daughter causes them to leave their village by the end of this film, the first of a trilogy Pather Panchali (or The Song of the Little Road or The Lament of the Path)
For 10 points, name this work which introduced the young Bengali boy Apu, the first film by Satyajit Ray. Pather Panchali (or The Song of the Little Road or The Lament of the Path)
The lobby and arcade of this building has a cruciform plan and the lobby's ceiling is laid with colored glass in Byzantine mosaic style Woolworth Building
The lobby's halls include a set of humorous gargoyles depicting people instrumental in its construction such as Edward J Woolworth Building
Hogan, its first rental agent, and Gunvald Aus, one of the original design engineers Woolworth Building
Its heavy steel frame is hidden by its detailed terra cotta shell and Gothic exterior Woolworth Building
This building's early symbolism was marked by twin murals at the mezzanine level depicting "Labor" and "Commerce," one of reasons it was once dubbed the "Chamber of Commerce." For 10 points, name this New York structure that was the world's tallest buildi Woolworth Building
The novel on which this movie was based was also the source for another movie, Kill!, released six years later Sanjuro (or Tsubaki Sanjuro)
The DVD extras explain that 15,000 flower blossoms were hand painted for the shoot and the flowers were individually glued each day of production Sanjuro (or Tsubaki Sanjuro)
Humor is provided by the captured spy who occasionally pops out of his hiding spot in the closet to offer advice and the constant awakening of the title character by his bumbling wards Sanjuro (or Tsubaki Sanjuro)
That title character's name translates to 30-year-old camellia as opposed to his name meaning 30-year-old mulberry field in this movie's prequel Sanjuro (or Tsubaki Sanjuro)
29 men are killed by the title character while he protects nine incompetent members of a clan unlike his attempts in a prior movie to play the silk and sake gangs against each other Sanjuro (or Tsubaki Sanjuro)
For 10 points, name this film in which Toshiro Mifune plays the titular samurai, Akira Kurosawa's sequel to Yojimbo. Sanjuro (or Tsubaki Sanjuro)
A film by Rafael Esquer was commissioned to document the impressions of visitors to this structure the Glass House
Southwest of it is Calluna Farms, which was purchased and remodeled by David Whitney, a longtime collaborator of its creator the Glass House
Another long time friend, Frank Stella, shot a short film of his 2009 "Return" to this site the Glass House
Sitting at its south side is the sculpture Two Circus Women by Elie Nadelman, whose upcoming renovation will follow the recent renovations of its flat roof and the purple-hued brick cylinder which contains its bathroom the Glass House
Low walnut cabinets and black steel cylinders set it apart from Mies van der Rohe's contemporaneous and similar Farnsworth House the Glass House
For 10 points, identify this self-designed residence of Philip Johnson, whose simple name reflects its transparency. the Glass House
Two years prior the sculptor of this work created a 27-inch model that allowed him to easily win approval for this larger work, which was made possible by a donation from the estate of Ebenezer Hubbard the Concord Minute Man (make sure that they say the singular; prompt on "Concord" monument or statue)
It was based in part on sketches of the descendants of Isaac Davis as well as the artist's viewing of the Apollo Belvedere the Concord Minute Man (make sure that they say the singular; prompt on "Concord" monument or statue)
The figure depicted has thrown off his coat onto the structure on which his left hand rests and is seen with rolled up shirt sleeves the Concord Minute Man (make sure that they say the singular; prompt on "Concord" monument or statue)
Two features distinguishing it from nearby copies are the subject's hat and the plow to his left the Concord Minute Man (make sure that they say the singular; prompt on "Concord" monument or statue)
On the front of this sculpture's base is an inscription that begins "By the rude bridge that arched the flood." For 10 points, name this sculpture that sits near the Old North Bridge, a work by Daniel Chester French commemorating soldiers of the Revolutio the Concord Minute Man (make sure that they say the singular; prompt on "Concord" monument or statue)
In his talk on "Taste," which he later turned into an essay, he took issue with the work of Malcom Morley and David Salle among others Clement Greenberg
In another essay he defined one of the titular movements by saying it originated in France in the poetry, painting, and prose fiction of Baudelaire, Manet, and Flaubert respectively Clement Greenberg
In addition to Modern and Postmodern he attempted to give proper credit for the titular art medium, to either Braque or Picasso, in his seminal essay Collage Clement Greenberg
In his major work he concluded that socialism was the means of preservation for whatever living culture, particularly artistic, that exists and also popularized the titular German word Clement Greenberg
He would go on to become an ardent supporter and promoter of Hans Hoffman and Jackson Pollock Clement Greenberg
For 10 points, name this art critic and author of "Avant-Garde and Kitsch." Clement Greenberg
In an early scene in this film a group of drunk men crowd around a phone booth as the hero tells off his employer It Happened One Night
Not long after we meet an annoying character named Shapely who talks incessantly and is fooled into thinking he's become embroiled in a kidnapping plot It Happened One Night
In a memorable sequence the hero teaches the heroine the art of dunking a doughnut after a night spent at Dyke's Auto Camp It Happened One Night
During that night the so-called "Walls of Jericho" scene takes place when the two leads share a room It Happened One Night
The majority of this film focuses on the heroine's attempts to reunite with her gold-digging husband King Wesley by traveling from Miami to New York It Happened One Night
Newspaperman Peter Warren's attempts to help heiress Ellie Andrews on said journey lead to them falling in love It Happened One Night
For 10 points, name this Frank Capra film starring Claudette Colbert and Clark Gable. It Happened One Night
Its arcade columns originally stood on a stylobate of three steps and now rise from the ground without bases Doge's Palace or Palazzo Ducale
Its upper story is finished with white and rose-colored marble and also contains a lace-like parapet of oriental cresting Doge's Palace or Palazzo Ducale
Among the notable features in its courtyard is a large dark green ornamental bronze well-head, but most notable are the facades which total approximately 500 feet in length and which were largely designed by the brothers Giovanni and Bartolomeo Buon Doge's Palace or Palazzo Ducale
Its famous parts include the "paper door" and "giant's staircase" or Porta della Carta and Scala dei Giganti Doge's Palace or Palazzo Ducale
Adjacent to it is a former prison known as the Piombi, which is separated from this structure by the Bridge of Sighs Doge's Palace or Palazzo Ducale
Called the "central building of the world" by Ruskin in his book on the architecture of its city, For 10 points, name this structure once home to the rulers of Venice. Doge's Palace or Palazzo Ducale
In one of this director's movies the daughter of Victor Hugo claims she is married to Lieutenant Pinson to ruin his engagement Francois Truffaut
In another film the title character uses her seductive powers to engineer the deaths of the five men responsible for the murder of her love Francois Truffaut
In yet another film Alphonse has an affair with Julie Baker after his fiancée leaves him for a stunt man while filming the melodrama Meet Pamela Francois Truffaut
His major work climaxes with Catherine driving a car off a broken bridge to kill herself and one of the title characters Francois Truffaut
It followed his debut film about a teen protagonist who escapes from a work camp and runs toward the sea after being imprisoned for stealing a typewriter Francois Truffaut
For 10 points, name this director of The Story of Adele H., The Bride Wore Black, Day for Night, Jules and Jim, and 400 Blows. Francois Truffaut
Three sculpted heads at the top and entrance columns in the form of stacked bobbins are seen in an early residential design of his and allude to the identity of his client, a textile manufacturer Antonio Placido Guillermo Gaudi i Cornet [the first building mentioned is the Casa Calvet and the park is the Park Guell]
Earlier, for the World Expo, he designed the Pavilion of the Transatlantic Company Antonio Placido Guillermo Gaudi i Cornet [the first building mentioned is the Casa Calvet and the park is the Park Guell]
The Chamber of a Hundred Columns, a network of twisting roads, and a central staircase with a mosaic dragon fountain can be found in a park that also features a notable unfinished crypt designed for his patron Antonio Placido Guillermo Gaudi i Cornet [the first building mentioned is the Casa Calvet and the park is the Park Guell]
Another work is characterized by organic stone possibly inspired by ocean waves or clouds and became known locally as "The Quarry" but was not commissioned by Eusebi Guell Antonio Placido Guillermo Gaudi i Cornet [the first building mentioned is the Casa Calvet and the park is the Park Guell]
His most famous design is marked by spindle-shaped towers and three facades, including the Passion and Nativity ones Antonio Placido Guillermo Gaudi i Cornet [the first building mentioned is the Casa Calvet and the park is the Park Guell]
For 10 points, name this architect of Casa Mila and La Sagrada Familia, both in his native Barcelona. Antonio Placido Guillermo Gaudi i Cornet [the first building mentioned is the Casa Calvet and the park is the Park Guell]
One frieze on this structure shows one female riding a swan, one on a dragon, and another sitting on a throne while bulls and plants surround the foot of her throne Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Augustan Peace
Another frieze shows the imperial family in procession with three children, advocating for increased pregnancies in the upper classes Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Augustan Peace
It now sits in a namesake museum designed by Richard Meier Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Augustan Peace
On the eastern side is an image of a woman sitting atop a pile of weapons and another panel depicting the deity Tellus or Terra Mater Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Augustan Peace
On the western side is a panel showing the wolf breast-feeding Romulus and Remus Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Augustan Peace
Originally built on the Campo Marzio near the via Flaminia, it was commissioned by the senate to memorialize a victorious return from campaigns abroad Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Augustan Peace
For 10 points, name this Roman monument built to honor the end of war brought about by Emperor Augustus. Ara Pacis Augustae or Altar of Augustan Peace
This work claims that primitive man's trouble planning a board is the origin of "regulating lines," to which its author advocates a return Towards a New Architecture [or Towards an Architecture; or Vers une architecture]
It discusses disastrous human attempts at bird-like flight before the development of the airfoil, before laying out several "fundamental axioms" amidst repeated claims that we must face either the title discipline "or revolution." It also discusses the "p Towards a New Architecture [or Towards an Architecture; or Vers une architecture]
For 10 points, name this book, which proposed that a "house is a machine for living in," a tract by Le Corbusier. Towards a New Architecture [or Towards an Architecture; or Vers une architecture]
One aria in this opera contains two lines from the crowd that help to situate events when a certain figure "unfurled his seven flags." Emotional peaks in that aria come with such lines as "quel grido e quella morte!," referencing the "desperate cry" that Turandot
In the following act of this opera another female character sings "Tu che di gel sei cinta" amidst unhappier circumstances than her earlier "Signore, ascolta!" to which the man she loves unrequitedly sings back by telling her "don't cry." At its premier, Turandot
For 10 points, name this work in which three riddles are successfully answered by Calaf, who also sings the aria "Nessun Dorma," the final opera of Giacomo Puccini. Turandot
In one opera by this composer, Zerbinetta sings “The high and mighty princess” aria and the title character sings a duet with Bacchus Richard Georg Strauss
Another opera by this composer sees Octavian dress up as the chambermaid Mariandel to trick Baron Ochs Richard Georg Strauss
This composer of Ariadne auf Naxos often collaborated with the librettist Hugo von Hofmannstahl Richard Georg Strauss
He wrote an opera in which the head of Jokanaan is served on a platter after the “Dance of the Seven Veils.” For 10 points, name this German composer of the operas Salome and Der Rosenkavalier. Richard Georg Strauss
This architect worked with Vlado Milunic to design a building with a blue-glass bowling-pin-shaped tower next to tube-shaped tower on a pylon Frank Owen Gehry [or Frank Owen Goldberg]
Seattle's Monorail stops under the blue overhang of one of this architect's buildings, which is often compared to a smashed electric guitar Frank Owen Gehry [or Frank Owen Goldberg]
He designed the Pritzker Music Pavilion, a bandshell in Chicago's Millennium Park Frank Owen Gehry [or Frank Owen Goldberg]
He designed a museum along the Nervion River to look like a ship at port Frank Owen Gehry [or Frank Owen Goldberg]
For 10 points, name this architect of the Guggenheim Bilbao, whose buildings are often completely covered in sheet metal. Frank Owen Gehry [or Frank Owen Goldberg]
A bicameral legislature; an executive chosen by the legislature; a judiciary including a supreme court and inferior courts elected by the legislature; and a council of revision consisting of the executive and members of the judiciary, which could veto leg Virginia Plan
These are among 15 resolutions proposed in May 1787, soon to be countered by a proposal of William Patterson Virginia Plan
For 10 points, name this federal plan, named for the state of its proposer, Edmund Randolph. Virginia Plan
As a lawyer, he became famous for his defense of Azariah Flagg in a vote fraud case, and rich through his representation of railroad interests Samuel Tilden
As a governor, he smashed the "Canal Ring," just as he helped smash the "Tweed Ring" as Democratic state chairman Samuel Tilden
For 10 points, name this man, who became governor of New York in 1875, and would have become President in 1877 if it were not for that pesky Electoral College. Samuel Tilden
He was the editor of The Age, a Democratic magazine, and a member of the Illinois House of Representives before being named Chief Justice Melville Fuller
During his 22-year tenure were such cases as Pollock v Melville Fuller
Farmers' Loan and Trust Company, the Danbury Hatters Case, and U.S Melville Fuller
v Melville Fuller
E Melville Fuller
C Melville Fuller
Knight Co Melville Fuller
For 10 points, name this chief justice appointed by Grover Cleveland, whose court made the "separate but equal" ruling in Plessy v Melville Fuller
Ferguson. Melville Fuller
This program arose out of an 1946 amendment to the 1944 Surplus Property Act Fulbright (Scholarships or Program)
Surplus U.S Fulbright (Scholarships or Program)
property abroad would be sold, with the accrued foreign currency used to help foreign nationals visit the U.S Fulbright (Scholarships or Program)
for study Fulbright (Scholarships or Program)
At the same time, the U.S Fulbright (Scholarships or Program)
would pay for its citizens to go abroad Fulbright (Scholarships or Program)
For 10 points, identify this foreign exchange program, named for the senator from Arkansas who sponsored the original amendment. Fulbright (Scholarships or Program)
Commissioned in June of 1944, it was the last battleship the US navy completed USS Missouri
President Truman was particularly fond of the ship, not only because it was christened by his daughter Margaret, but also because it was named for his home state USS Missouri
By 1950, it was the US Navy's only active battleship USS Missouri
FTP, what is this ship, best known for the September 2, 1945 site of the Japanese surrender? USS Missouri
He began his congressional career as a Warhawk, urging President James Madison towards war with Britain in 1812 Henry Clay
After serving as a delegate to the peace talks in Ghent, he returned to Congress to propose an activist state that would promote the creation of a national, interdependent economy through the establishment of a national bank, protective tariff, and a netw Henry Clay
FTP, name this American politician instrumental in the passage of the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850. Henry Clay
General Grant was confident that the Confederates would remain at Corinth, and thus failed to order adequate defenses Shiloh (prompt on Pittsburgh Landing)
No defensive entrenchments, no cavalry patrols, and few picket lines were established Shiloh (prompt on Pittsburgh Landing)
The battle's name came from a simple log meeting house a few miles from the river, and it is ironically named for the Biblical village meaning "place of peace." The Confederates under Beauregard succeeded in a surprise attack, but on the next day thirteen Shiloh (prompt on Pittsburgh Landing)
FTP, what was this bloody battle that took place on April 6, 1862? Shiloh (prompt on Pittsburgh Landing)
In 1996, this senator became the first lawmaker to demand research of the Y2K problem, and more recently he and Bob Kerrey proposed legislation which would use private retirement accounts to complement social security Daniel Patrick Moynihan
He will retire after the 2000 election, and some anticipate that the candidates to replace him will include Hillary Clinton and Rudolph Giuliani Daniel Patrick Moynihan
FTP, name this senior Senator from New York. Daniel Patrick Moynihan
In 1860 he wrote a twenty-page manuscript in the style of Mark Antony's funeral oration from Julius Caesar John Wilkes Booth
In 1864 he wrote six love letters to a 17-year-old Boston girl named Isabel Sumner John Wilkes Booth
These works are collected in an anthology titled God Judge Me, Right or Wrong, along with a diary he kept during his twelve days as a fugitive in 1865 John Wilkes Booth
He may not have acted alone, but every schoolchild knows his name John Wilkes Booth
For 10 points, name this assassin of Abraham Lincoln. John Wilkes Booth
It was named for an Irish-born General who had allegedly criticized the commander in chief of the American forces in a private letter to the hero of Saratoga Conway Cabal
The controversy erupted after George Washington discovered it and used the letter to turn public sentiment against Horatio Gates Conway Cabal
FTP, identify this 1777 controversy of the American Revolution which sought to replace George Washington as commander in chief of the American forces with Gates. Conway Cabal
On November 8, 1861, Captain Charles Wilkes of the U.S Trent Affair
vessel San Jacinto intercepted at sea a British mail steamer, bound for Europe from Havana, Cuba Trent Affair
He took from the ship two Confederate commissioners who were among the passengers, James Mason and John Slidell Trent Affair
The two diplomats were subsequently held as prisoners in Boston, but Great Britain demanded their release on the ground that Wilkes's action had been illegal Trent Affair
FTP, identify this incident of the American Civil War which takes its name from the name of the British ship. Trent Affair
He has referred to American culture as a "dysfunctional family" in need of "wrenching transformation" and new "central organizing principles." In 1988, he was the first presidential candidate to mention Willie Horton Albert Gore, Jr.
He claims that "it makes little sense for each of us to burn up all the energy necessary to travel with several thousand pounds of metal wherever we go"; and that "no controlling legal authority" prohibits his dubious fundraising activities Albert Gore, Jr.
For 10 points, name this Democrat. Albert Gore, Jr.
It included seven articles, and was signed by 49 men the Confederate Consitution (accept equivalents)
Among its provisions was an outright ban on the foreign importation of slaves, a bicameral legislature, a line item veto, and a single 6-year term for presidents and vice-presidents the Confederate Consitution (accept equivalents)
FTP, what document was signed in Montgomery, Alabama, on March 11, 1861, finally giving a name to nation previously called Alleghenia, Chicora, and the Republic of Washington? the Confederate Consitution (accept equivalents)
Though it was supplanted as a state capital early in the 19th century, this city has remained popular for its huge 4th of July galas and patriotic celebrations Williamsburg, VA
After the Civil War, however, it faltered economically and the impoverished citizens destroyed or failed to maintain the historic buildings Williamsburg, VA
That all changed with a town meeting in 1928 where the residents agreed to accept help in restoring the town from Rockefeller Williamsburg, VA
FTP, name this East Coast tourist attraction and home of the College of William and Mary. Williamsburg, VA
Born in North Oxford, Massachusetts, she established the first free school in New Jersey and was the first female copyist at the Patent Office Clara Barton
In 1883, she became superintendent of the Women's Reformatory Prison, and later went to help people devastated by fires in Michigan, genocide in Armenia, and flood in Johnstown Clara Barton
FTP, name this founder of the American Red Cross. Clara Barton
He served in the U.S Henry Kissinger
Army Counter-Intelligence Corps From 1943 to 1946 and , after that, was a Captain in the Military Intelligence Reserve for three years Henry Kissinger
In 1972, he employed "shuttle diplomacy" in improving relations between Egypt and Israel Henry Kissinger
FTP, name this former Secretary of State, who led the negotiations that resulted in a cease-fire in Vietnam. Henry Kissinger
He fought at South Mountain, Antietam, and Cedar Creek, and was breveted a major in 1865, only four years before he was elected prosecuting attorney of Stark County William McKinley
Elected to Congress in 1876, he was an advocate of high tariffs, and the tariff bill he sponsored in 1890 led to his defeat that year, after which he became governor of his state William McKinley
FTP, name this Republican, who served two terms as governor of Ohio before becoming the 25th President, who twice defeated Bryan before being assassinated in 1901. William McKinley
Alexander Hamilton supported it in his "Camillus" papers, and it was eventually agreed to after Article XII, which related to trade in the West Indies, was suspended Jay's Treaty
It agreed to refer pre-war debts to a joint commission, which eventually determined that the U.S Jay's Treaty
owed $2,664,000, and gave the U.S Jay's Treaty
most-favored-nation trading status Jay's Treaty
FTP, identify this treaty, which was signed on November 19, 1794, by the Chief Justice who had been named special ambassador to Great Britain. Jay's Treaty
On April 27, four days before the battle, a squadron of four cruisers and two gunboats left Mirs Bay in China the battle of Manila Bay
After destroying the fleet which had been laying off Cavite Point, the Americans settled into a blockade which ended in August, when General Wesley Merritt received the surrender the battle of Manila Bay
FTP, identify this battle of 1898, in which Spain was defeated by a force led by Admiral Dewey, clearing the way for American occupation of the Philippines. the battle of Manila Bay
The first phase of it began in 1800, with meetings in Gaspar River and Cane Ridge, Kentucky the Second Great Awakening
The second phase began 26 years later, and was marked by the New Measure, whose features included the anxious bench, identification of people by name, and a role for women the Second Great Awakening
FTP, identify this movement, whose better known second wave spread out of upstate New York, a religious reform led by Charles Finney. the Second Great Awakening
Alexander Stephens suggested that Confederate troops might secretly be used to assist the nationalist movement in Mexico, but Abraham Lincoln reminded him that his terms required the disbanding of all rebel forces The Hampton Roads Conference
This meeting of the two men was designed by Jefferson Davis to secure peace for the tottering Confederacy The Hampton Roads Conference
FTP, name this peace conference, held on board a steamship in 1865 near the same place where three years earlier the Monitor and the Merrimac had their duel. The Hampton Roads Conference
The only contemporary portrait of this woman is a 1618 engraving that shows her in a Jacobean stovepipe hat and lacy ruff Pocahontas (accept Matoaka on early buzz)
At an interview with Ben Jonson, she answered a few questions, and then sat there for 45 minutes while Jonson stared at her Pocahontas (accept Matoaka on early buzz)
Her son Thomas was left in the care of her husband's uncle in London after her death Pocahontas (accept Matoaka on early buzz)
Christened "Rebecca" late in life, she was born Matoaka, but is best known by a nickname meaning "frolicksome." FTP, name this daughter of Powhatan and husband of John Rolfe, who probably did not save John Smith's life. Pocahontas (accept Matoaka on early buzz)
Ill will over the defeat of this piece of legislation contributed to the drive to impeach Andrew Johnson The Wade-Davis Bill
Co sponsored by the chairman of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, it was killed when Abraham Lincoln pocket-vetoed it The Wade-Davis Bill
It introduced as a voting condition an oath of past and present loyalty to the Union The Wade-Davis Bill
FTP, name this 1864 bill that required 50% of each state's electorate to pass that test before it could be readmitted to the Union. The Wade-Davis Bill
A supporter of trade unionism in Mexico, during the Versailles conference, he was instrumental in the creation of the League of Nations' International Labor Organization Samuel Gompers
His first job was as a shoemaker's apprentice in London, but he soon changed trades and came to America with his parents in 1863 Samuel Gompers
As a cigar maker, he was the de facto head of the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Councils, which he galvanized into a major union Samuel Gompers
FTP, name this first president of the AFL. Samuel Gompers
This treaty sent a claim on the San Juan Islands to the German emperor Treaty of Washington
It granted British fishing rights north of the 39th parallel and U.S Treaty of Washington
fishing rights off the coasts of Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island Treaty of Washington
It also provided for a special court in Geneva, Switzerland to arbitrate the Alabama Claims Treaty of Washington
For ten points, name this 1871 treaty, negotiated by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish, and signed by the U.S Treaty of Washington
and Great Britain in a world capital. Treaty of Washington
At 8:20AM, on August 3, 1982, his roommate admitted Officer Torick into the house Michael Hardwick
Three days after being arrested by Torick, he was contacted by the ACLU's Clint Sumrall, who felt that his arrest was a perfect test case Michael Hardwick
Laurence Tribe argued his case before the Supreme Court, but Lewis Powell cast the fifth vote against him Michael Hardwick
For ten points, name this man, arrested for violating Georgia's sodomy statute and prosecuted by state Attorney General Michael Bowers. Michael Hardwick
In 1915, he sent the peace ship Oskar II to Europe in an unsuccessful attempt to achieve a negotiated end of WWI Henry Ford
In 1918, he ran unsuccessfully for the Senate Henry Ford
These events were after he was in the forefront of change, instituting a minimum daily wage and using conveyor assembly line production methods Henry Ford
FTP who built upon his success with his racing car "999" and founded a motor company. Henry Ford
Charles Olson's essay Projective Verse, which emphasized the creative process, in which the poet's energy is transferred through the poem to the reader, became their manifesto Black Mountain Poets
Inherent in their poetry was the reliance upon decidedly American conversational language Black Mountain Poets
Much of this group's early work was published in the magazine Origin from 1951-1956 Black Mountain Poets
FTP name this group which also included the poets Robert Creeley and Robert Duncan, who taught at a college in North Carolina. Black Mountain Poets
Attached as an amendment to a bill authorizing appropriation for territorial purchase, it was never enacted, although it became the focus of national controversy for 4 years Wilmot Proviso
Named after a Pennsylvania Democrat, it motioned to exclude slavery from any territory acquired from Mexico Wilmot Proviso
FTP name, this 1846 motion. Wilmot Proviso
The state of Georgia offered a $5000 reward for his arrest and conviction William Lloyd Garrison
In 1835, he was dragged through the streets of Boston and nearly killed by a mob William Lloyd Garrison
FTP who promised, "I am in earnest-I will not retreat a single inch, AND I WILL BE HEARD." in his Abolitionist newspaper, the Liberator? William Lloyd Garrison
Its 3rd section states that nobody who engaged in "insurrection or rebellion against" the US can hold any government job unless permitted by a 2/3 majority in both Houses of Congress 14th Amendment
Its 4th says that the US will not assume the debts of the states involved in such insurrections 14th Amendment
And its first article defines citizenship and says that "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges of immunities of citizens of the United States." FTP, identify this constitutional amendment. 14th Amendment
He was successfully defended by Andrew Hamilton after being jailed in 1734, charged with seditious criticisms of Governor William Cosby of New York in his Weekly Journal John Peter Zenger
FTP, identify this man, whose court case ruled that it was not seditious libel to make truthful allegations against the government. John Peter Zenger
This agreement, paired with another agreement in the following year, made the 49th parallel that boundary between the U.S Rush-Bagot
and Canada Rush-Bagot
It also established joint control of the Oregon Territory for ten years and the dispute of fisheries in Newfoundland and Labrador was settled amicably Rush-Bagot
But the most important provision by far was the limitation of each country to one 100 ton vessel armed with only a single 18 pounder on Lakes Champlain and Ontario as well as two on all the other Great Lakes Rush-Bagot
FTP, name this 1817 agreement between Britain and the U.S Rush-Bagot
that demilitarized the Great Lakes. Rush-Bagot
This battle was fought primarily between the U.S Battle of Okinawa
Tenth Army under Simon Buckner and the Japanese 32nd Army under Ushijima Mitsuru Battle of Okinawa
Both commanders were killed during the battle, and because it was fought in one of the more densely populated areas of the Pacific islands, nearly 100,000 civilians died during the battle, losses nearly equaling those of the Japanese Battle of Okinawa
For 10 points, name this April 1-June 21, 1945 battle, the last major Pacific island battle of World War II. Battle of Okinawa
North Carolina physician Dr Articles of Confederation
Thomas Burke is considered the founding spirit behind it, as it was his "rope of iron" speech that led to its complete reconstruction according to his vision Articles of Confederation
Burke wrote its infamous Article II, handicapping it severely by limiting its scope to those abilities strictly given to it in Articles VI, VII, and IX Articles of Confederation
For 10 points, name this document, approved in 1781 nearly four years after its proposal as a constitutional framework for the United States. Articles of Confederation
He was quoted as saying, "There are two rebellions in progress; the Secessionist Rebellion and the Abolitionist Rebellion Clement L. Vallandigham
I am against both." In 1863, after he made a speech urging for an end to the war, he was thrown in jail Clement L. Vallandigham
He was released and banished to the Confederacy but moved to Canada instead Clement L. Vallandigham
From there he ran for governor of Ohio unsuccessfully Clement L. Vallandigham
For ten points, name this politician who moved back to the U.S Clement L. Vallandigham
to campaign against Lincoln, and who was the head of the so-called Peace Democrats. Clement L. Vallandigham
Joining the Confederate Army as a Lieutenant in 1861, this man was almost immediately promoted to Brigadier General and commanded the Texas Brigade with distinction at Gaines' Mill, Second Manassas, and Sharpsburg John Bell Hood
Severely wounded at Gettysburg trying to take the Little Round Top and again at Chickamauga, where he lost a leg, he was nevertheless Joseph E John Bell Hood
Johnston's replacement in the defense of Atlanta, which he lost in 1863 John Bell Hood
FTP name this Confederate whose attempt to strike at Sherman's rear resulted in disasters at Franklin and Nashville. John Bell Hood
After escaping from the Isle of Shoals, where he had been exiled by the Puritans, this man wrote an account of the New World called New English Canaan and attempted to gain another oeuvre into Massachusetts, which led to another exile to Maine Thomas Morton
Arriving in 1624 as one of the owners of the Wollaston Company, which established a settlement at the site of modern Quincy, this man took charge of the settlement when Wollaston and most of the settlers moved to Virginia in 1626, founding a community dec Thomas Morton
FTP name this man, whose foundation of the colony he called Merry Mount and its maypole is written about by Hawthorne. Thomas Morton
On the night of June 3, 1943, eleven sailors on shore leave stated that they were attacked by a group of Mexicans, and in response a group of over 200 uniformed sailors chartered 20 cabs and charged into the heart of the Mexican American community in Eas Zoot Suit Riots
The specific object were any person wearing a style of clothing associated with Mexicans and criminal behavior, and this violence was repeated over several days until the Navy intervened put a stop to it Zoot Suit Riots
Such are the actual, rather unpleasant events known as, FTP, what a name now used in a popular song by the Cherry Poppin' daddies? Zoot Suit Riots
This battle was precipitated by the threat to destroy settlements in eastern Tennessee and western North Carolina unless the population submitted to royal authority Battle of Kings Mountain
The settlers decided not to wait for Major Ferguson to bring the war to them and sent a force of frontiersmen to look for him Battle of Kings Mountain
They found him and 900 Loyalists at this site encamped on a plateau that seemed to provide an excellent defensive position Battle of Kings Mountain
But the slopes leading up to the plateau were strewn with trees and boulders that provided the colonials with effective cover when they began their attack during the afternoon Battle of Kings Mountain
FTP identify this Revolutionary War battle fought on Oct Battle of Kings Mountain
7, 1780, in north-central South Carolina, which helped turn the tide of the war in the South. Battle of Kings Mountain
He earned the nickname "Kid Gloves" because he wore kid gloves to protect his hands from skin infection, which some say cost him the working class vote Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just the last name)
Some of his writings included This Country of Ours, a series of essays on how the federal government works Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just the last name)
During the Civil War, he raised the 70th Indiana Volunteer Regiment, becoming a brigadier general in 1865 Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just the last name)
While in office, he signed the McKinley Tariff Act, which primarily led to his downfall Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just the last name)
When James Blaine, the leading Republican, declined a presidential nomination, this man and Levi Morton, for vice president, became the Republican duo Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just the last name)
FTP, name this 23rd president, elected in 1888, who interrupted Grover Cleveland's two terms. Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just the last name)
During World War II, he served General Joseph Stilwell as deputy chief of staff for the China-Burma-India theater David Dean Rusk
After the war, he worked in the state and war departments, serving as assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern Affairs during the Korean conflict David Dean Rusk
From 1964 to 1968 he consistently defended U.S David Dean Rusk
objectives in Vietnam, refused to recognize communist China, and curbed his department's role in national policy-making David Dean Rusk
FTP, who was this secretary of state under the Kennedy and Johnson administrations? David Dean Rusk
When Emerson asked this man, "How many men possessed of your views, who will remain after you, are going to put them in practice?" he candidly replied, "Not one." Stockholders in his new firm included the Quaker William Allen and Jeremy Bentham Robert Dale Owen
In the publication A New View of Society he set forth the principles of his educational philanthropy system Robert Dale Owen
He recommended that villages of "unity and cooperation" be established for the unemployed throughout Wales and Britain Robert Dale Owen
Attempting to transplant his success to America, his Indiana community lost him 80% of his fortune and he withdrew Robert Dale Owen
FTP, who was this founder of the utopian settlements of New Harmony and New Lanark? Robert Dale Owen
The first American-Indian-language newspaper was printed on their settlement of New Echota in 1828, in a written language devised by Sequoyah Cherokee
They lost that land after Andrew Jackson famously refused to uphold a Supreme Court decision that declared Georgia had annexed the land unconstitutionally Cherokee
FTP, name this largest of the Five Civilized Tribes, which was decimated by the forced march known as the Trail of Tears. Cherokee
His education included a Dominican school, Transylvania College and West Point Jefferson Davis
He left Congress to fight in the Mexican War, winning the battle of Buena Vista and becoming a national Jefferson Davis
His entire presidency was taken up with conflict, both external and with politicians such as vice-president Alexander Stephens Jefferson Davis
FTP, name this man who died in New Orleans in 1889 without ever having asked for his U.S Jefferson Davis
citizenship back. Jefferson Davis
He was first elected to the Senate in 1936, but resigned several years later to fight in World War II; in 1946, he made a comeback by unseating Senator David Walsh Henry Cabot Lodge
He nominated Dwight Eisenhower for president in 1952 and became chairman of his campaign, but was unseated nonetheless by John F Henry Cabot Lodge
Kennedy Henry Cabot Lodge
He spent the bulk of the next ten years as UN ambassador and ambassador to South Vietnam, and was Richard Nixon's running-mate in 1960 Henry Cabot Lodge
FTP, name this Massachusetts politician, the grandson and namesake of another senator. Henry Cabot Lodge
Two of its leaders, David Bradford and John Mitchell, were convicted of treason, but each received a presidential pardon the Whiskey Rebellion
Among its causes were the predominance of absentee landlords, a lack of protection from Indians, and the absence of federal courts; the revolt began when a mob of farmers told a local tax collector to leave the state, leading to an armed confrontation the Whiskey Rebellion
When Governor Thomas Mifflin refused to become involved, President Washington called up 13,000 militiamen to end the uprising the Whiskey Rebellion
FTP, name this 1794 revolt that erupted in Washington County, Pennsylvania, to protest a new excise tax on distilleries. the Whiskey Rebellion
It began as one mansion, but later expanded into 13 buildings that included a day nursery, a gymnasium, a recreation room, a music school, a theatre, and a classroom that taught English to recent immigrants Hull House
It was paid for entirely by private contributions, and was cofounded in 1889 by Ellen Starr and the future chairperson of the Woman's Peace Party Hull House
For ten points, identify this social settlement in Chicago, run by Jane Addams. Hull House
Born in Hampden, Maine, in 1820, she founded a school for girls in Boston, and she served as its superintendent for 15 years Dorothea Dix
During the Civil War she served in the Union army as superintendent for women nurses, and her writings include the 1829 book The Garland of Flora and an 1845 book about Massachusettss prisons Dorothea Dix
For ten points, identify this woman who, in 1843, successfully petitioned the Massachusetts state legislature to reform its prison system and helped build or enlarge 32 mental hospitals on three continents. Dorothea Dix
Her son Jonah has used her fifteen minutes of fame to transform his career: he has recently written for The New Yorker, become a contributing editor at the National Review, and appeared on dozens of TV political chat shows Lucianne Goldberg
This woman, however, has been in the limelight before: in the 1970s, she was the agent of Judy Chavez Taylor, a call-girl hired by the CIA to keep company with defected Soviet diplomat Arkady Shevchenko; before that, she was a Nixon spy on a George McGove Lucianne Goldberg
FTP, name the literary agent who told Linda Tripp to tape her conversations with Monica Lewinsky. Lucianne Goldberg
This war had its roots in the Pequot War and the slaughter at Mystic fort, which resulted in the deaths of several hundred Indians and the breaking of the Pequots as a power in colonial New England King Philip's War
It led to an uneasy forty years of peace between the English colonists and the other New England tribes who had combined forces to destroy the Pequots King Philip's War
Name this conflict that killed 3000 out of 52000 New England colonists along with several thousand Indians and was named for the classical honorary bestowed on Wampanoag chief Metacomet by the English. King Philip's War
Much of the money that went into this program was funneled into the pockets of the wealthy and helped to strengthen the rule of dictators in Latin America Alliance for Progress
Some progress was achieved though this programs, which was meant to stop Communism in Latin America Alliance for Progress
This program consisted of sending economic and technical aid to the governments of Latin America Alliance for Progress
Name this brainchild of John Kennedy meant to fight poverty that achieved limited success but mostly met with failure. Alliance for Progress
During the undeclared war with France between 1798 and 99, it was responsible for sinking two French frigates, the Insurgente and the Vengeance USS Constellation
Permanently berthed at Baltimore in 1964, it enjoyed the longest record of active service of any ship in the Navy USS Constellation
FTP, name this 36-gun frigate which was also the flagship of the United States Atlantic Fleet during WWII. USS Constellation
A National monument to this law exists northwest of Beatrice, Nebraska homestead laws
It is the site settled by Daniel Freeman and his family who were the first to make claim under the act which went into effect on January 1st, 1863 homestead laws
FTP, identify this act which provided no more than 160 acres of land in the public domain for settlement. homestead laws
This politician attained the rank of major general after leaving his Massachusetts Senate seat during World War II Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
He returned to the Senate but was defeated for re-election by John Kennedy in 1952, and was then appointed by Eisenhower as ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
For 10 points identify Richard Nixon's running mate in the 1960 presidential election who later served as chief negotiator in the Paris Peace talks. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
A classic example of Federal cost overruns, it cost over 15 times the original appropriation, but its only fatality was appendicitis victim Sgt Lewis and Clark expedition
Charles Floyd Lewis and Clark expedition
Its leader let his company vote on perhaps its most critical choice; among those voting were a black slave, York, and an Indian woman, Sacagawea Lewis and Clark expedition
FTP name this expedition, which was actually approved just before the Louisiana Purchase. Lewis and Clark expedition
Although by no means the sharpest of its author's satires, it aroused enough controversy to prompt a book-length attack by Meredith Nicholson and a burlesque by Carolyn Wells Main Street
In the original, Carol Kennicott chafes at the dullness of her life as small-town doctor's wife and tries to introduce culture and refinement to Gopher Prairie, Minnesota Main Street
FTP name this 1920 novel by Sinclair Lewis. Main Street
He was the legendary chieftain of the Iroquois Hiawatha
He is credited with having brought about the union of the Five Nations of the Iroquois for their mutual protection against the Algonquins Hiawatha
He supposedly used amazing powers to protect his people from the evil forces of nature and instructed the Iroquois in the arts of medicine, agriculture, and navigation Hiawatha
FTP name this hero, immortalized in a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Hiawatha
Building on precedents first articulated in Griswold v Bowers v. Hardwick
Connecticut and Roe v Bowers v. Hardwick
Wade, the defense argued in favor of the existence of a zone of privacy surrounding sexual relationships Bowers v. Hardwick
The state argued that the sexual act for which the defendants were prosecuted was performed in full view of a police officer and therefore was not intended to be private Bowers v. Hardwick
In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court declared that there was "no constitutional right to engage in homosexual sodomy," thus allowing a 1968 Georgia law to stand Bowers v. Hardwick
FTP name this 1986 case. Bowers v. Hardwick
Created at the instigation of Secretary of War Russell A Rough Riders
Alger, they were headed by Colonel Leonard Wood and were under the direction of General Kent and Nelson A Rough Riders
Miles Rough Riders
Their first combat was at Las Guásimas, but a major engagement occurred a few days later Rough Riders
After taking Kettle Hill, they moved to reinforce a beleaguered division on the neighboring San Juan Hill in a famous charge Rough Riders
FTP, name this unit of the Spanish-American War, whose Lieutenant Colonel was Teddy Roosevelt. Rough Riders
This underground figure is credited with coining the phrase, "Vote early and vote often." Born in Naples, he rose to power after snagging control of Johnny Torrio's Brooklyn gang Al Capone
His most famous hit resulted in the deaths of not only the innocent bystander Dr Al Capone
Reinhardt H Al Capone
Schwimmer but also six henchmen of "Bugs" Moran Al Capone
FTP, name the gangster who ordered the famous "St Al Capone
Valentine's Day Massacre" and afterwards took over the Chicago mob scene. Al Capone
Speaker of the House three times between 1854 and 1869, before his involvement in electoral politics, he edited a major Whig newspaper from his home in South Bend, Indiana Schuyler Colfax
After becoming a Republican, he rose to his highest office and endured his greatest disgrace, the Crédit Mobilier scandal Schuyler Colfax
FTP, name the man not renominated as Vice-President under Ulysses S Schuyler Colfax
Grant in 1872. Schuyler Colfax
His Indian name was Mahpiua Luta and in 1869 signed the Fort Laramie Treaty in which he promised not to fight against the settlers, so he didn't participate in the war that culminated at Little Bighorn Red Cloud
This marked a major change of heart, for he had been a thorn in the side to settlers and military personnel in the upper midwest Red Cloud
FTP, who was this Oglala Sioux chief from Nebraska who became more accommodating to the US government after his leading the armed resistance along the Bozeman Trail? Red Cloud
A protégé of anti-Jacksonian editor Thurlow Weed, he began his career as an antislavery Whig, serving as governor of New York William Henry Seward
In the Senate, he opposed the Compromise of 1850 because of its tough Fugitive Slave Law, warning his opponents that the issue of slavery was governed by a "Higher Law" William Henry Seward
Joining the new Republican Party, he emerged as the front runner in 1860, only to be passed over for the more moderate Lincoln William Henry Seward
FTP, name this Republican leader that served as Lincoln's secretary of state, and was responsible for the purchase of Alaska from Russia. William Henry Seward
He always carried with him a copy of Lenin's Problems of Leninism, and viewed it as a blueprint for world domination, similar to Mein Kampf John Foster Dulles
Nephew of Secretary of State Robert Lansing, he served as legal counsel to the American delegation to the Versailles Conference and later served as chief negotiator of the peace treaty with Japan John Foster Dulles
As secretary of state, he concluded the Austrian State Treaty despite Soviet opposition, and later declared, "If you are scared to go to the brink, you are lost," thus coining the term "brinkmanship." FTP, name this secretary of state, who served under E John Foster Dulles
He was called by his followers "the Prophet," and the appearance of a solar eclipse convinced him that the time was near Nat Turner
His plan was to capture the armory at Jerusalem, and then go to the Great Dismal Swamp, where capture would be difficult Nat Turner
On the night of August 21, 1831, he and seven companions killed his master, and then fifty other whites during the next two days Nat Turner
FTP name this leader of an 1831 uprising in Southampton County, Virginia. Nat Turner
On March 9, James Reed, a Unitarian minister, was assaulted as he left a restaurant; he died two days later Selma
Two days before the beating, Hosea Williams had led a march that was violently suppressed on a day that would become known as "Bloody Sunday." Martin Luther King defied a federal court order to lead a march in response, but then turned his followers arou Selma
Finally, on March 21, 1965, the march from this Alabama city to Montgomery was allowed to occur Selma
FTP name it. Selma
In his famous "Cornerstone" speech, he declared that the government was founded "upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery is his natural and moral condition." As a U.S Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Congressman, he was a firm advocate of the Compromise of 1850, and opposed disunion, but when Georgia seceded he followed his state Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Late in his career he was elected Governor of Georgia, but that was only after he was released from prison Alexander Hamilton Stephens
FTP, identify this man, named after the first US Secretary of the Treasury, who served as the only Vice President of the Confederate States of America. Alexander Hamilton Stephens
His wife's disinheritance and his involvement in a plan to defraud a neighbor of his inheritance contributed to his decision to migrate to North America Nathaniel Bacon
Financed by his father, he acquired two estates along the James River Nathaniel Bacon
When a dispute arose over Indian policy, he organized an expedition against the Indians Nathaniel Bacon
Governor Berkeley, fearing a large-scale war, denounced the activity Nathaniel Bacon
FTP name this man who promptly turned on the governor and for a time controlled all of Virginia before dying and having his 1676 rebellion collapse. Nathaniel Bacon
He resigned from the Senate in 1851 to run for governor, but was defeated by Henry Foote Jefferson Davis
Five years earlier, he had resigned from the House to command the Mississippi Rifles in the Mexican-American War Jefferson Davis
After serving as Pierce's Secretary of War, he returned to the Senate in 1857, only to resign again four years later, when Mississippi seceded Jefferson Davis
FTP, identify this Southern politician, who became provisional president of the Confederate government in 1861 and was elected to a six-year term as President the following year. Jefferson Davis
Mrs The Age of Innocence
Lemuel Struthers is something of a strumpet and is being courted by the nouveau-riche Julius Beaufort The Age of Innocence
Mrs The Age of Innocence
Manson Mingott is the morbidly obese matriarch of one of the oldest, most respected families The Age of Innocence
May Welland, her pretty, innocent, and vapid relative, is the fiancee of lawyer Newland Archer The Age of Innocence
May's cousin, Countess Ellen Olenska, has just returned from an abusive marriage in Europe to have an emotional affair with Newland, which she later renounces The Age of Innocence
FTP, identify this Edith Wharton novel, which examines the social mores of the patrician classes of 1880's New York. The Age of Innocence
Langdon Cheves became chairman of the Naval Committee, while Felix Grundy and Peter Porter took control of the Foreign Relations Committee the War Hawks
These Republicans who came to power during the Twelth Congress were given their nickname by John Randolph, and were in favor of expansion into Canada and Florida the War Hawks
FTP, identify this group of legislators, which also included Richard Johnson, John C the War Hawks
Calhoun, and Henry Clay, who helped instigate the War of 1812. the War Hawks
She bore two children: her son, Byron, fell from a window and became mentally disabled; her daughter, Zulu Maud, became her constant companion in later life Victoria Woodhull (accept "Victoria Claflin", her maiden name)
In 1872, she published that Henry Ward Beecher was having an affair, and was thereupon arrested for obscenity Victoria Woodhull (accept "Victoria Claflin", her maiden name)
Along with her sister, she had gained the favor of Cornelius Vanderbilt and published the first English translation of the Communist Manifesto, but it is as a feminist that she is best known Victoria Woodhull (accept "Victoria Claflin", her maiden name)
FTP, name this 1872 Equal Rights Party candidate, the first woman to run for President. Victoria Woodhull (accept "Victoria Claflin", her maiden name)
It was repealed in 1970 with no opposition from Richard Nixon, who believed that he already possessed sufficient power because of his position as president Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Passed by the House of Representatives by a vote of 414 to nil, it was opoosed by two U.S Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Senators Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Drafted in response to supposed attacks of two American vessels, the act gave President Johnson broad powers to increase the U.S Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
military presence in southeast Asia Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
FTP name this 1964 resolution. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Judge Joseph Gary, arguing that those who supported the events were equally as guilty as those who committed them, sentenced seven participants to death Haymarket Riot or Massacre
Of these, four men were hanged, one committed suicide, and two had their sentences commuted to life imprisonment Haymarket Riot or Massacre
In 1893, Governor Altgeld pardoned the two survivors, claiming that they had been wrongfully convicted for the deaths of seven policeman at an 1886 labor demonstration Haymarket Riot or Massacre
FTP name this famous Chicago event. Haymarket Riot or Massacre
Although he finished last in his class at West Point, he served with distinction in the attacks leading to Appomattox, so much so that Sheridan presented his wife with the table on which the surrender terms were written George Armstrong Custer
Two years later, he was court-martialed for visiting his wife rather than waiting for supplies in the fight against Indians in Kansas George Armstrong Custer
After being reinstated, he was assigned to the Dakotas, and in 1876 he was directed to compel all the Sioux to move to reservations and died in the effort George Armstrong Custer
FTP name this cavalry commander who perished with his 7th Cavalry troops at Little Bighorn. George Armstrong Custer
It has been used to justify various U.S Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (prompt on early Monroe Doctrine)
military actions in Latin America, specifically President Taft's ordering of troops into Nicaragua and Honduras in order to guarantee payment of foreign debts Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (prompt on early Monroe Doctrine)
It came into being when the Dominican Republic and Venezuela defaulted on loans from Britain, Germany and Italy Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (prompt on early Monroe Doctrine)
These countries sent war ships to the area which violated the Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (prompt on early Monroe Doctrine)
In return for their withdrawal the U.S Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (prompt on early Monroe Doctrine)
agreed to police the area to ensure repayment Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (prompt on early Monroe Doctrine)
For ten points name this policy named after the president who initiated it. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (prompt on early Monroe Doctrine)
When it was founded in 1880 as the western terminus of the Chicago and North Western Railway, it was named Mahto, the Sioux word for "bear" Pierre ("peer")
Five years later, it would have become territory capital had it not been for a governor's veto Pierre ("peer")
For the 400 years before 1800, however, it was the site of the capital of the Arikara Indian nation Pierre ("peer")
For 10 points, name this U.S Pierre ("peer")
city on the Missouri River, which is now named for an early fur trader and which is the capital of South Dakota? Pierre ("peer")
In 1605, he visited Bristol, England, as a house guest of Sir Ferdinando Gorges Tisquantum or Squanto
Nine years later, he accompanied John Smith on two expeditionary voyages to the New World and was captured by the Spanish Tisquantum or Squanto
He later escaped with John Slany, the treasurer of Newfoundland Company Tisquantum or Squanto
He returned home in 1619 to the Patuxet tribe, only to witness them die of plague Tisquantum or Squanto
FTP, name this Native American who went on to help the Pilgrims. Tisquantum or Squanto
His Elements of Military Art and Science, a course of lectures delivered at West Point, was published in book form in 1846, and later became the standard textbook for volunteer officers in the Civil War Henry Halleck
As supreme commander of the Western theater in 1861, he displayed considerable administrative ability in forming effective fighting units from the masses of volunteers, and earned a promotion to general-in-chief of the Union forces in 1862 Henry Halleck
Often at odds with his subordinate generals and unable to develop an effective offensive strategy, he was replaced by Grant in 1864 Henry Halleck
FTP name this Union soldier. Henry Halleck
It was sometimes called the Commonweal of Christ, and initially consisted of one hundred participants Coxey's Army
This "petition in boots" ended ignominiously when its leader and his chief lieutenants were arrested for walking on the grass in Washington DC Coxey's Army
Consisting of over 500 people, this group marched to Washington to advocate projects for public works and the free coinage of silver Coxey's Army
FTP name this 1893 army of the unemployed. Coxey's Army
When his American companies were bought by Peter Widener and William Elkins in 1901, this businessman went to London to convert its subways from steam to electricity Charles Tyson Yerkes
Rising from a clerk at a Philadelphia commission broker's to owner of his own banking house, this entrepeneur was jailed in 1871 for misappropriation of funds, but regained his wealth in the Panic of 1873, and developed the syndicate of companies that bui Charles Tyson Yerkes
FTP, identify this financer who served as the basis for the character of Frank Algernon Cowperwood in Theodore Dreiser's Trilogy of Desire. Charles Tyson Yerkes
In Louisiana, he introduced steam power into sugar production, but supposedly killed a man in a duel, perhaps with an "Arkansas toothpick." Fleeing the U.S., he assumed Mexican citizenship and married the daughter of the Mexican vice-governor of Texas Jim Bowie
Still, this did not prevent him from becoming a colonel in the Texas Army and lying sick in a cot during the siege of the Alamo Jim Bowie
FTP, name this man who still has a knife named after him. Jim Bowie
Nicknamed "Little Napoleon" at West Point, he was wounded at Chapultepec in the Mexican War, and served as West Point's superintendent for six days in early 1861 before he resigned to join the Confederate Army Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
After taking an unexcused sick leave in 1862, he later defended Charleston against Union naval and ground forces, and defeated Benjamin Butler at Drewry's Bluff south of Richmond Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
At Shiloh, he assumed command after Albert Sidney Johnston was killed Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
FTP, name this Confederate general who also commanded the Rebels at the first battle of Manassas and the bombardment of Ft Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Sumter. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Following arrest on a civil charge, he was imprisoned, but escaped and went to Cuba and then Spain William "Boss" Tweed
A former bookkeeper, he was elected to the US Congress in 1852, but found greater opportunities returning to local politics as deputy street commissioner and deputy public works commissioner William "Boss" Tweed
Before being exposed by Samuel Tilden and Thomas Nast, this New York politician and his cronies bilked over $30,000,000 from the city William "Boss" Tweed
FTP name the boss. William "Boss" Tweed
It led to a change in building codes to require outward swinging doors flanking a revolving door The Cocoanut Grove Fire
It lasted only 45 minutes but claimed 490 lives The Cocoanut Grove Fire
Many died trying to escape through the revolving door but most were overcome by fumes from the vaporizing upholstery The Cocoanut Grove Fire
The club was especially crowded, thanks to the many people who came to celebrate a key Boston College football victory The Cocoanut Grove Fire
FTP, name this popular Boston nightclub, the site of a devastating fire on November 28, 1942. The Cocoanut Grove Fire
Led by Harrison Gray Otis, it resulted in agreement on a couple of major issues - the adoption of measures recommending the use of federal troops for state defense, and the support of a constitutional amendment to eliminate the "three-fifths clause." Howe Hartford Convention
FTP, what was this 1814 to 1815 meeting of Federalists protesting U.S Hartford Convention
policy during the War of 1812? Hartford Convention
Samuel was a union admiral in the American civil war and the namesake of a neighborhood in Washington, D.C Du Pont (de Nemours)
Pierre Samuel was an economist credited with coining the word "physiocrat," and Pete was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1988 Du Pont (de Nemours)
Eleuthere was a student of Lavoisier who emigrated to the United Stated in 1804, where he built the gunpowder mill that would become the source of the family's fortune Du Pont (de Nemours)
For 10 points identify this family, whose namesake company has long dominated business and politics in the state of Delaware. Du Pont (de Nemours)
Its debut issue consisted of a long article by Max Beerbohm entitled "In Defense of Cosmetics." During its brief run, it published fiction from many of the leading literary figures of the day, including Arnold Bennett and Henry James, but it attracted fa The Yellow Book
For 10 points name this illustrated magazine published from 1894 to 1897, which helped launch the Art Noveau movement. The Yellow Book
Amos Durfee, a New York sailor, was the only man killed during this event, but tensions remained high for nearly two years afterwards, culminating in the retaliatory burning of the steamship Sir Robert Peel on the St The Caroline Affair
Lawrence River The Caroline Affair
In spite of the propaganda efforts of William Lyon MacKenzie, however, it did not lead to war between the U.S The Caroline Affair
and Great Britain The Caroline Affair
For 10 points name this international incident of 1837, named for an American ship attacked and burned on the Niagara River by Canadian militiamen. The Caroline Affair
She was the twentieth child of twenty children Fannie Lou Hamer
In 1962, she tried to register to vote in Indianola and was promptly arrested Fannie Lou Hamer
In 1964, she began her dramatic testimony with the declaration "I live at 626 East Lafayette St., Ruleville, Mississippi, Sunflower County, the home of Sen Fannie Lou Hamer
James O Fannie Lou Hamer
Eastland and Sen Fannie Lou Hamer
John Stennis." Still, she and her fellow Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party delegates were not seated at the 1964 Democratic National Convention Fannie Lou Hamer
FTP name this civil rights activist. Fannie Lou Hamer
Neither father nor son fared very well during their most famous project Roebling
Early in the construction the father, John, contracted tetanus from a minor injury and died Roebling
Overexertion and caisson disease so completely ruined the health of John's son Washington that, although he lived another 40 years, he never fully recovered Roebling
Still, he managed to oversee the bridge's completion while confined to his home near one end Roebling
FTP give the family name of the designers and constructors of the Brooklyn Bridge. Roebling
By the terms of this agreement, the United States had to absorb some $5 million in lawsuits against the Spanish government, but had to pay no purchase fee Adams-Onis Treaty
In fact, the U.S.A Adams-Onis Treaty
already controlled the northwestern portion of the new territory from Madison's 1810 annexation of that area Adams-Onis Treaty
Although the agreement was signed in 1819, its terms were not implemented until 1821 Adams-Onis Treaty
FTP, name this agreement that led to the U.S Adams-Onis Treaty
acquisition of the state of Florida, partially named after a future President. Adams-Onis Treaty
She worked as a military nurse in Canada during World War I and then as a social worker in Boston Amelia Earhart
In 1931, she married publisher George Putnam but kept her married name Amelia Earhart
Four years after travelling the route as a passenger, in 1932 she became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Amelia Earhart
FTP name this woman who disappeared on a round-the-world flight five years later. Amelia Earhart
One of the participants would later twice be the Federalist presidential candidate XYZ Affair
Another is famous for his service as governor of Massachusetts XYZ Affair
A third would be the Secretary of State and Chief Justice XYZ Affair
These three were asked to arrange a ten million dollar loan and pay a $250,000 bribe to Talleyrand XYZ Affair
They refused, and Americans got really huffy about it XYZ Affair
FTP name this 1798 event. XYZ Affair
Recent cases in which it has figured include Davis v gerrymandering
Bandemer, in which the court ruled that actions in Indiana were egregious but not a constitutional violation, and United Jewish Organizations of Williamsburgh v gerrymandering
Carey, in which the court ruled that Jews had not been discriminated against gerrymandering
In 1960's Gomillion v gerrymandering
Lightfoot, the court ruled that an "uncouth, 28-sided figure" in Tuskegee was illegal gerrymandering
FTP, identify this practice, which was more famously considered in 1962's Baker v gerrymandering
Carr, a means of rigging elections named for the governor of Massachusetts who in 1812 designed a political district in a peculiar manner. gerrymandering
Duff Green, the editor of the United States Telegraph, was initially a member, but he was ousted in favor of Francis Blair, who founded the Washington Globe the Kitchen Cabinet
William Lewis and Andrew Donelson were members, as was Amos Kendall, who was named fourth auditor of the Treasury the Kitchen Cabinet
FTP, identify this group, whose other members included John Eaton and the secretary of state, Martin Van Buren, which provided advice to President Jackson and has given its name to similar groups of informal advisors. the Kitchen Cabinet
When he died, e.e Warren Gamaliel Harding
cummings said "The only man, woman, or child who wrote a simple declarative sentence with seven grammatical errors is dead." This man knew he was a bad speaker; indeed, he coined the word "bloviate," meaning "to go at great length about nothing." Ironical Warren Gamaliel Harding
FTP, name this President, who died in office in 1923. Warren Gamaliel Harding
He was born in the village of Chillicothe, three miles north of Xenia, Ohio Tecumseh
His father died at the Battle of Point Pleasant Tecumseh
His older brother Chiskia taught him many of his culture's customs, and he learned patience, honesty, and honor from his sister Tecumpese Tecumseh
FTP, name this man, whose name means The Panther Passing arrows, most noted for his participation in the battles of Fallen Timbers, Tippecanoe and the River Thames. Tecumseh
His first battle was against the Cherokee in 1759, and when the Revolutionary War broke out he was a member of his home state's Provincial Congress and commissioned as captain Francis Marion (prompt on the Swamp Fox before it is mentioned)
After his most noteworthy battle manuever at Parker's Ferry in August, 1781, he was appointed brigadier general and after the war served in the South Carolina senate from 1782 to 1790 Francis Marion (prompt on the Swamp Fox before it is mentioned)
FTP name this Revolutionary War hero, who earned his nickname from the terrain he hid in before rescuing Americans surrounded by the British, that nickname being the "Swamp Fox." Francis Marion (prompt on the Swamp Fox before it is mentioned)
The first jet airplane carrier was named after this man James Vincent Forrestal
A naval aviator in World War I, he then became head of a Wall Street firm, in which capacity he testified before Congress on regulating securities James Vincent Forrestal
Roosevelt appointed him as undersecretary of the navy, where his business expertise helped him build up military supplies before World War II James Vincent Forrestal
He then became secretary of the Navy James Vincent Forrestal
FTP, identify the administrator who in 1947 became the first secretary of Defense, only to commit suicide two years later by jumping out of his hospital window. James Vincent Forrestal
The epigraph to this piece is the quote "Their foot shall slide in due time" from Deuteronomy Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
First appearing in 1741 in Enfield, Massachusetts, it postulates that only the grace of God keeps people from their natural place in Hell Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
God is all powerful, and keeps people dangling like a spider over the fire Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
FTP, identify this most famous sermon of Jonathan Edwards. Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
William Winder was assigned to protect this city as Robert Ross led forty-five hundred troops up the Patuxent river Washington, District of Columbia
Mayor James Blake issued an evacuation notice, and the citizens fled Washington, District of Columbia
On August 24, the battle of Bladensburg began, with the British winning easily with a new weapon called the Congreve rocket despite Commodore Joshua Barney's valiant defense Washington, District of Columbia
FTP, name the American town George Cockburn (CO-burn) occupied and burned in 1814. Washington, District of Columbia
It began with the Red Stick faction attacking near Lake Tensaw in the Fort Mims Massacre the Creek War
It ended with the Treaty of Fort Jackson the Creek War
In between, a visit to the South by Tecumseh led to the war's major military engagement, the battle of Horseshoe Bend the Creek War
FTP, name this war fought against some Native American allies of Great Britain during the War of 1812, which resulted in the cession of land in Alabama and Georgia. the Creek War
He died in 1806 at his estate in Thomaston, Maine, after choking on a chicken bone Henry Knox
In the winter of 1775, he brought sixty pieces of artillery 300 miles from Ticonderoga to Boston, and he founded the Academy Military School, the precursor to West Point, before becoming commendant of West Point in 1782 Henry Knox
FTP, name this man, who also founded the Society of the Cincinnati and succeeded Washington as commander in chief, who in 1789 became the first Secretary of War. Henry Knox
This lawyer traveled to Mississippi to defend Willie McGee, a black man sentenced to death for raping a white woman Bella Savitsky Abzug
Defeating incumbent Leonard Farbstein in the primary and Republican-Liberal candidate Barry Farber in the election, she was first elected to Congress in 1971, and introduced a resolution to withdraw troops from Southeast Asia on her first day there Bella Savitsky Abzug
FTP, name this feminist and politician, who founded the National Women's Political Caucus and ran unsuccessfully for the Senate and for mayor of New York City. Bella Savitsky Abzug
Anthracite coal is first used in iron smelting in Pennsylvania 1839
Iowa and Missouri clash in the "Honey War." Two Years Before the Mast is published 1839
Mormons leave the barren fields of Missouri for the greener pastures of Nauvoo, Illinois 1839
After a year and a half of skirmishes, Gen 1839
Winfield Scott's deployment to the area of dispute ends the Aroostook War 1839
Henry Clay, trying to distance himself from growing anti-slavery faction within the Whig Party, tells the nation that he would rather be right than President 1839
FTP, identify the common year. 1839
Born in Wisconsin in 1919, this man earned two Emmys, six gold albums, and two stars in the Hollywood Walk of Fame (Wladziu Valentino) Liberace
Ignacy Paderewski visited his family while he was young and recommended he study at the Wisconsin College of Music (Wladziu Valentino) Liberace
He made his film debut in South Sea Sinner, and starred in a television series which debuted in 1952 (Wladziu Valentino) Liberace
FTP, name this showy pianist, who died in 1987, and who dropped his first and middle names, Wladziu Valentino, in favor of using simply his last name. (Wladziu Valentino) Liberace
After the Civil War, this reformer devoted himself to such causes as temperance, women's rights, and the Greenback Party, and in 1870 was an unsuccessful Massachusetts gubernatorial candidate for the Labor and Prohibition Parties Wendell Phillips
Influential in the popularization of an important Ante-bellum cause, this man was recognized as one of the era's great orators after delivering a spontaneous speech at Faneuil Hall in protest of the mob action responsible for the death of Elijah Lovejoy Wendell Phillips
FTP, name this radical abolitionist, a disciple of Garrison, who became the president of the American Anti-Slavery Society after Garrison. Wendell Phillips
They might have reached their destination, if they hadn't stopped to rest in the Bear Paw Mountains the Nez Percé (nez purse or nay pur-SAY)
Their journey began after an incident on the Salmon River left several prospectors dead, and they crossed the Missouri River into northern Montana before being set upon by Nelson Miles the Nez Percé (nez purse or nay pur-SAY)
FTP, identify this Native American tribe, which tried to flee to Canada in 1877 before being stopped, and which was led by a man who vowed to fight no more forever, Chief Joseph. the Nez Percé (nez purse or nay pur-SAY)
At this battle the confederates managed to cut off Union supplies and the Northern line of retreat, but in so doing the Rebs allowed the union army to get between them and their base Pea Ridge (accept Elkhorn Tavern)
The battle was also the only fight of the war to see a large Native American force fight for the South Pea Ridge (accept Elkhorn Tavern)
The first Rebel assault was beaten off by a union general named Jefferson C Pea Ridge (accept Elkhorn Tavern)
Davis, and Southern General Earl Van Dorn's second assault was driven back down the telegraph road Pea Ridge (accept Elkhorn Tavern)
FTP name this engagement fought on March 7 and 8, 1862 in northern Arkansas, a key victory for Union general Samuel Curtis. Pea Ridge (accept Elkhorn Tavern)
The battle was over in less than twenty minutes, and resulted in the capture of 918 enemy troops by eight in the morning Battle of Trenton
Colonel Johann Rall and his 1400 soldiers rose quickly and fought with courage, but they were overwhelmed by Washington's surprise attack of 2400 men Battle of Trenton
FTP, what December 26, 1776 defeat of Hessian forces in New Jersey led Cornwallis to leave his winter camp and engage Washington at Princeton a week later? Battle of Trenton
The son of a Philadelphia surgeon, he graduated second in his class at West Point in 1846, and then taught military engineering there George Brinton McClellan
Named chief engineer of the Illinois Central Railroad in 1857, he became a major general of Ohio volunteers four years later George Brinton McClellan
He lost a major election in 1864, but got some consolation when he was elected governor of New Jersey after the Civil War George Brinton McClellan
FTP, what Union general, dubbed "Little Mac," was removed by Lincoln after his Peninsular Campaign failed? George Brinton McClellan
It was founded in 1891 at a convention in Cincinnati, Ohio, and was organized by Farmers' Alliance leader and journalist Ignatius Donnelly People's Party (or Populist Party)
The group demanded direct election of senators, a graduated income tax, nationalization of the railroads, and free coinage of silver People's Party (or Populist Party)
In 1892 their Presidential candidate, James B People's Party (or Populist Party)
Weaver, received 22 electoral votes, but for ten points, what party is known best for endorsing the same candidate as the Democrats in 1896, William Jennings Bryan? People's Party (or Populist Party)
This battle began at dawn when Joseph Hooker's corps mounted an assault on Lee's left flank Antietam or Sharpsburg
Fighting continued across Miller's cornfield and around the Dunker Church until Union assaults against the Sunken Road pierced the Confederate center Antietam or Sharpsburg
Late in the day, Burnside's corps crossed the battle's namesake creek and rolled the Confederate right until A.P Antietam or Sharpsburg
Hill's division arrived from Harper's Ferry and saved the Confederate cause Antietam or Sharpsburg
FTP, name this September 17, 1862 battle, fought in Maryland, which halted the Confederate advance on Washington following Second Manassas. Antietam or Sharpsburg
While attending the City College of New York, this man joined with Chandler Owen to found an employment agency, and in 1917 they established the Messenger magazine Asa Philip Randolph
Founder of the League for Non-Violent Civil Disobedience Against Military Segregation, in 1963 he became director of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, twenty two years after he had organized a march on Washington which resulted in the establis Asa Philip Randolph
FTP, name this activist who organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Asa Philip Randolph
This politician entered the national scene as a House Democrat in 1827, but in 1836 he became a Whig and rose to the position of Secretary of War under Harrison, but resigned after Tyler's break with the Whigs John Bell
After 6 years of retirement, he became a senator from Tennessee, and despite his status as a large slaveholder, he championed the cause to limit slavery's expansion into new territories John Bell
This, combined with his ardent support of the Union, led to his nomination for president in 1860, when he carried Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee John Bell
FTP, name this only presidential candidate of the Constitutional Union Party. John Bell
Located at the north outlet of Lake George, this site, on the main route between Canada and the upper Hudson Valley, was of strategic importance to the French, who built Fort Carillon there in 1755 Fort Ticonderoga (accept Fort Carillon if given early)
When it was captured by the British four years later, it was given the name by which it is best known today, an Iroquois word meaning "Between Two Waters." After recapturing it during the 1777 campaign, the British abandoned it after the Battle of Saratog Fort Ticonderoga (accept Fort Carillon if given early)
FTP, name this fort, which was captured in a surprise attack by Ethan Allen's Green Mountain Boys on May 10, 1775. Fort Ticonderoga (accept Fort Carillon if given early)
In this war, the British, led by Sir William Phips, captured Port Royal and Acadia, but failed to take Quebec King William's War
Under the comte de Frontenac, the French and their allied Indian forces carried out successful attacks on Schenectady, Salmon Falls, and Casco Bay, but failed to take their main target, Boston King William's War
FTP, these events took place during what conflict, the North American extension of the War of the Grand Alliance? King William's War
Basing his political career on the Count of Monte Cristo, he would be undone by the vengeful son-in-law of the thwarted Judge David Pavy Huey P. Long
Expelled from high-school, he dropped out of Oklahoma University but passed the bar despite spending less than one year at law school Huey P. Long
Using the highly publicized Urania Lumber Case, he propelled himself onto his state's Railroad Commission in 1918, and as Public Service Commissioner he built a political following by attacking the established hierarchy, advocating old-age pensions, state Huey P. Long
FTP, identify this Louisiana demagogue, governor, and senator, whose life was fictionalized in All the King's Men. Huey P. Long
The original draft was over fifty pages long, and was adopted at a conference forty miles from Detroit, in a camp owned by the UAW the Port Huron Statement
Fewer than sixty people attended the conference, including 43 members of the organization which was to adopt it as its manifesto the Port Huron Statement
It railed against the "remote control economy," the military industrial complex, racial discrimination and called for participatory democracy the Port Huron Statement
FTP, name this 1962 manifesto, accepted by "people of this generation looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit," which was written largely by Tom Hagen for SDS. the Port Huron Statement
His daughter wrote The Veiled Doctor and A Romance of Summer Seas Jefferson Davis
He resigned from the House of Representatives in 1846 to serve in the Mexican War, and after the war he became Zachary Taylor's son-in-law and twice served as a senator from Mississippi, though he may be best known for a position he held during the Civil Jefferson Davis
FTP, identify this Southerner who was indicted for treason in 1866 but never prosecuted, Secretary of War under Pierce and the President of the Confederacy. Jefferson Davis
His "friends and admirers" included an entire order of Carmelite nuns, who sent him packages on his birthday Stokely Carmichael
Famous for his misogyny, he said that the only place for women in the movement was "prone," and he took over a post vacated by John Lewis in 1965, turning his organization onto a far more radical path Stokely Carmichael
Preaching black nationalism, he expelled all white members from his group in 1966 Stokely Carmichael
FTP, name this radical leader of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. Stokely Carmichael
In the state legislature, he led a caucus called the Long Nine who logrolled to move the state capital from Vandalia, and 12 years later, he was offered the governorship of the Oregon Territory Abraham Lincoln
That was after he had stepped aside to let his friend Stephen Logan run for his seat in Congress Abraham Lincoln
In Congress he had earned the nickname "Spotty" for proposing the Spot Resolutions, and after he left, he held no elective office for more than a decade Abraham Lincoln
FTP, name this man who returned to politics in 1858 in a losing senate bid against Stephen Douglas, two years before being elected to a higher office. Abraham Lincoln
He was born in Maryland in 1777 and married Francis Scott Key's sister in 1806 Roger Taney
He was appointed Andrew Jackson's second attorney general in 1831, but when Jackson attempted to make him secretary of the treasury in 1833, he became the first presidential cabinet nominee to be rejected by the Senate Roger Taney
Three years later, despite the opposition of Henry Clay, John Calhoun, and Daniel Webster, he was accepted by Congress as John Marshall's successor on the Supreme Court Roger Taney
FTP, name this controversial chief justice most remembered for writing the majority opinion in the 1857 Dred Scott decision. Roger Taney
During his time in Oklahoma, he came to believe that the United States had mistreated the Native Americans, and he later reorganized the Bureau of Indian Affairs Herbert Hoover
When his wife invited a black woman to the White House and the Texas legislature demanded his impeachment, he said, "One of the consolations of organized religion is that it provides a hot hell for the Texas legislature." As Secretary of Commerce, he deni Herbert Hoover
FTP, name this President, who also said that he was the only man of such economic genius as to have a worldwide depression named for him. Herbert Hoover
Sponsored by a Maryland representative and the Senator who would have been President had Andrew Johnson been removed, Abraham Lincoln called it "one very proper plan" and pledged assistance to any state wishing to adopt it Wade-Davis Bill
Nonetheless it earned a pocket veto, for while it agreed with Lincoln's plan in placing power in the hands of Unionists and not treating the seceded states as territories, he feared its requirement of a loyalty oath from a majority of citizens would threa Wade-Davis Bill
FTP, name this Reconstruction plan, passed in July 1864, which also required states to abolish slavery before readmission. Wade-Davis Bill
He promised to retire if his candidate for president, the little-known North Dakota congressman William Lemke, received less than 9,000,000 votes Father Charles Edward Coughlin
When he got about a tenth of that number, he did retire, only to return in 1937, eight years after he had founded his magazine, Social Justice Father Charles Edward Coughlin
Employed at the Shrine of the Little Flower in Royal Oak, Michigan, FTP, identify this Roman Catholic "radio priest" who attacked the New Deal and promoted Fascism during the 1930's. Father Charles Edward Coughlin
Something of a dandy while at George Washington's law school, he later supported Thurgood Marshall's purges of communists from the ranks of the NAACP John Edgar Hoover
The author of 1951's Masters of Deceit, he kept a list of files to be destroyed upon his death, but received a special dispensation to work beyond normal retirement age John Edgar Hoover
FTP, name the director of the FBI from 1924 until his death in 1972. John Edgar Hoover
His books include the posthumously published New Frontiers, Toward World Peace, Corn and the Midwestern Farmer, and The Long Look Ahead Henry Agard Wallace
He served as a writer on agricultural journals in his native Iowa from 1910 to 1933, and after public service he served as editor of the New Republic Henry Agard Wallace
He was forced to resign from Truman's cabinet after delivering a speech castigating American foreign policy, especially the hard-line policy toward the Soviet Union Henry Agard Wallace
FTP, identify this man, a presidential candidate for the Progressive Party in 1948, who was secretary of agriculture from 1933 to 1940, and in 1941 became the 33rd vice president of the United States. Henry Agard Wallace
This treaty provided for a commission to settle the North Atlantic fishing dispute, resulting in an exchange of customs privileges Treaty of Washington
One major point at issue was the San Juan Boundary Dispute involving rival claims to a group of islands in Puget Sound, which could have belonged to either country due to faulty wording in the treaty that settled the Northwest Boundary Dispute Treaty of Washington
Also at issue was a demand that Britain pay reparations for Union ships destroyed during the Civil War by Confederate raiders built in England Treaty of Washington
FTP, identify the 1871 treaty that sent both of these issues to independent arbitration, which ultimately ruled in favor of the U.S Treaty of Washington
and which is named for the American capital city where it was negotiated. Treaty of Washington
The name's the same Regulators
One was an organization founded after the American Civil War in several southern communities to block the programs of the Freedmen's Bureau Regulators
Another was a group of South Carolina backcountry settlers who, from 1767 to 1769, banded together to oppose corrupt government practices and clear their homelands of terrorizing bands of outlaws Regulators
It also names a similar group in North Carolina, which opposed the colonial governor and was destroyed in the 1771 battle of Alamance Creek Regulators
FTP, identify the name these groups share, all formed to protect the common interests of their communities. Regulators
An Athapaskan-speaking people, they call themselves by names such as N'dé, Indé, Diné, and other variants by dialect, all meaning "people" Apache
The name by which they are known by non-Native Americans, however, is derived from the Zuni term for the Navaho, which means "enemy" Apache
Comprising six distinct tribes including the Jicarilla, the Mescalero, the Chiricahua, and the Kiowa, for 10 points, what is this Native American people of the southwestern U.S., whose famous leaders included Nana, Mangas Coloradas, Cochise, and Geronimo? Apache
A division commander for the Confederacy in the Peninsular Campaign and at Antitam and Fredericksburg, this general became commander of the First Corps in the Army of Northern Virginia James Longstreet
At Chickamauga he directed the attack which broke the Federal Lines, and despite suffering a paralyzed right arm in the Wilderness Camapign, he continued to command his corps until Appomattox James Longstreet
Frequently contrasted with Jackson as "Lee's Anvil", for ten points, name this officer whose delay in organizing Pickett's Charge is often cited as the reason for the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg. James Longstreet
Now a slang word for any independent voter, this term was first used by Charles A Mugwumps
Dana of the New York Sun Mugwumps
It was derived from an Algonquin word meaning "great man," and its leaders included Theodore Roosevelt, Henry Cabot Lodge, and George Curtis Mugwumps
FTP, name the faction of Republicans that voted Democratic in 1884, refusing to support presidential candidate James G Mugwumps
Blaine. Mugwumps
It was used primarily in what the Pentagon called Operation Ranch Hand, which lasted from 1962 until 1970 Agent Orange
Known by the shorthand notation 2,4,5-T, it was always contaminated with an unavoidable by-product of its production process, 2,3,7,8-TCDD, an especially dangerous form of dioxin Agent Orange
Named for the colorful stripe on the 55-gallon drums in which it was shipped, for 10 points, what was this defoliant extensively sprayed by U.S Agent Orange
Air Force C-123s over central and southern Vietnam? Agent Orange
When his brother John asked him to pay his debts, he wrote him a letter which read, "Find seven dollars enclosed Charles Guiteau
Stick it up your bung hole and wipe your nose on it." His brother commented, "I have no doubt that masturbation and self-abuse is at the bottom of his mental imbecility." Sure enough, he contracted syphilis from a prostitute and his wife divorced him in Charles Guiteau
A wild-eyed Stalwart, on July second, 1881, he fired two shots in a Washington, D.C Charles Guiteau
railroad station Charles Guiteau
FTP, name this assassin of President Garfield. Charles Guiteau
While working on a machine, his hand slipped, and he nearly lost an eye John Muir
Stunned by the incident, he vowed to look at nature every day of his life thereafter John Muir
Walking from the midwest to the Gulf of Mexico, he kept a journal John Muir
He was the first to attribute Yosemite's spectacular rock formations to glacial erosion, and in 1903, was accompanied by Theodore Roosevelt on a camping trip there John Muir
FTP, name this conservationist, the father of the American National Park system. John Muir
A native of Clark Omar Bradley
MO, he served as Commandant of the Infantry School at Ft Omar Bradley
Benning at the start of WWII and later commanded the 82nd and 28th Divisions Omar Bradley
Placed at the head of the II Corps for the North African campaign, his capture of Bizerte helped recapture Tunisia Omar Bradley
He led his forces to Sicily before moving to the 1st Army for Normandy and the liberation of Paris Omar Bradley
Elevated to command the 12th Army Group, he moved through the Benelux nations, Germany, and Czechoslovakia Omar Bradley
FTP, name this general who, in 1949, was selected as the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Omar Bradley
It was the first setback that began the British collapse in North America Battle of Kings Mountain
After American losses at Camden and Charleston, 2000 frontiersmen replaced the Continental Army, and surrounded the Loyalist forces under major Patrick Ferguson, capturing or killing virtually the whole force Battle of Kings Mountain
FTP, name this 1780 battle of the American Revolution that stopped the tide of British momentum in the South, which took place one and a half miles from the Carolina border. Battle of Kings Mountain
They hated President Polk's use of patronage to secure Southern control of the Democratic Party, and they therefore left the Democratic National Convention in 1848 The Barnburners
Among their leaders were Silas Wright, Azariah Flagg, and Samuel Tilden The Barnburners
Their name derives from a fabled Dutchman who wanted to rid his property of rats The Barnburners
FTP, name this party that nominated Martin Van Buren in 1848, the opponents of the Hunkers in the New York Democratics party. The Barnburners
She once said, "I'm not a humanitarian Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
I'm a hell-raiser." Her hell-raising included organizing child textiles mill workers for a march to the New York home of President Teddy Roosevelt, where he refused to talk with them, and leading miner's wives to aid their striking husbands by driving off Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
For ten points, name this labor organizer who also gave her name to a progressive magazine. Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
In January 1862 two men were released from prison by order of Secretary of State Seward Trent Affair
One, John Slidell, was accredited to France, while the other, James Mason, was a representative of Great Britain Trent Affair
They were taken prisoner in the first place because they were known commissioners of the Confederacy Trent Affair
For ten points, Union Captain Charles Wilkes of the ship San Jacinto captured Mason and Slidell from what British mail steamer, causing a rift in American and British relations? Trent Affair
A cousin of Crazy Horse, this Oglala Sioux fought at the battle of Little Bighorn as a teenager Black Elk [Autobiography: Black Elk Speaks (1932)]
However, at the age of nine he had had a powerful vision that set him on the path to being a holy man with the sacred mission of preserving the purity of Sioux traditions Black Elk [Autobiography: Black Elk Speaks (1932)]
By 1947 he was indeed the last living Sioux to possess full knowledge of the metaphysics and practices of the Sioux religion Black Elk [Autobiography: Black Elk Speaks (1932)]
So, he agreed to relate his wisdom to anthropologist Joseph E Black Elk [Autobiography: Black Elk Speaks (1932)]
Brown, which resulted in The Sacred Pipe Black Elk [Autobiography: Black Elk Speaks (1932)]
For 10 points, who was this subject of an important oral autobiography transcribed by Nebraska poet John G Black Elk [Autobiography: Black Elk Speaks (1932)]
Neihardt? Black Elk [Autobiography: Black Elk Speaks (1932)]
This city was founded on the 16th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, not as a municipality, but as a business: the home of the country's first industrial corporation, the Society for Useful Manufactures Patterson, New Jersey
The grand plans of the society and its guiding light, Alexander Hamilton, ultimately failed, but it became the earliest U.S Patterson, New Jersey
center for silk production Patterson, New Jersey
Now so squalid and defeated that few that do not work or live there go there, for 10 points, what is this New Jersey city, metaphorically represented by William Carlos Williams? Patterson, New Jersey
Formed by land speculators and settlers who used threats, intimidation and violence to eventually earn statehood for their homeland in 1791, they gained their most enduring fame, not for those exploits against New Yorkers, but for fighting the British at Green Mountain Boys
For 10 points, name these armed bands of Vermonters founded about 1770 by Ethan Allan. Green Mountain Boys
Ten years after resigning from the Senate, when none of the party leaders could get a majority at the Democratic convention because of factional rivalries, this man emerged as the compromise candidate Franklin Pierce
This almost unknown candidate swept the country in the elections and vainly tried to preserve the peace by nominating a diverse cabinet, including both Caleb Cushing and Jefferson Davis Franklin Pierce
FTP, name this US President, who approved the Gadsden purchase and ineptly handled the Kansas-Nebraska affair. Franklin Pierce
After losing his fortune, this man served as governor of the Arizona territory from 1878 to 1883 John C. Fremont
His early exploits included an elopement with Jessie, daughter of Senator Thomas Hart Benton John C. Fremont
Benton secured for him the command of an expedition to map the Des Moines River, and he later headed a Columbia River expedition with Kit Carson as the guide John C. Fremont
He was court-martialed following his support of Robert Stockton after the Bear Flag Revolt but would be pardoned by President Polk John C. Fremont
FTP, identify this figure important in the U.S John C. Fremont
conquest of California, the man known as the first Republican candidate for president in 1856. John C. Fremont
One of its sponsors explained his reasons for backing it in his autobiography Fighting Liberal Norris-La Guardia Act
This law was passed almost exactly a year after the Davis-Bacon Act, and greatly expanded upon its protective guidelines Norris-La Guardia Act
It declared that members of labor unions should have "full freedom of association" unmolested by employers, and more famously, it made illegal the "yellow-dog" contracts of the time Norris-La Guardia Act
FTP, identify this 1932 piece of legislation, a precursor to the Wagner Act, named for the Nebraska senator and the later mayor of New York City that co-sponsored it. Norris-La Guardia Act
On the night of June 3, 1943, eleven sailors on shore leave stated that they were attacked by a group of Mexicans, and in response, a group of over 200 uniformed sailors chartered 20 cabs and charged into the heart of the Mexican American community in Eas Zoot Suit Riots
The specific objects of their rage were any person wearing a style of clothing associated with Mexicans and criminal behavior, and this violence continued over several days until the Navy intervened put a stop to it Zoot Suit Riots
Such are the actual, rather unpleasant events known by, for 10 points, what name, also the title of a song by the Cherry Poppin' Daddies? Zoot Suit Riots
The Union loss of this Civil War battle might be blamed on a lack of pontoon boats, which caused a delay in the crossing of the Rappahannock River by the Army of the Potomac Fredericksburg
This gave Confederate forces time to consolidate and gain entrenched positions on Prospect Hill and Marye's Heights, with the result that when the attack was begun the Union army was repulsed with over 12000 casualties Fredericksburg
For 10 points identify the December 12, 1862 battle in which Ambrose Burnside was soundly whipped by Robert E Fredericksburg
Lee. Fredericksburg
The subject of the Supreme Court case Luther v Dorr's Rebellion
Borden, this insurrection began with the organization of the People's Party, which called a convention, adopted a new state constitution, and elected its leader as governor Dorr's Rebellion
However, the preexisting government refused to recognize the new governor, and successfully thwarted an attempt by the rebels to seize the arsenal in Providence, ending the rebellion Dorr's Rebellion
FTP, name this failed 1842 rebellion which sought to enact universal manhood suffrage in Rhode Island. Dorr's Rebellion
This politician served as a Democratic Representative from 1909-15, and as alien property custodian during World War I Alexander Mitchell Palmer
Known as the "fighting Quaker", assassination attempts aimed at John D Alexander Mitchell Palmer
Rockefeller, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and himself prompted him to launch a November 1919 dragnet resulting in the arrest of 650 anarchist agitators, which was followed two months later by the arrest of 2,700 suspected Communists in 33 cities Alexander Mitchell Palmer
FTP, name this US Attorney General notorious for the civil liberties abuses which occurred during his namesake "raids". Alexander Mitchell Palmer
This Supreme Court case ruled unconstitutional the same case which had been upheld in Tileston v Griswold v. Connecticut
Ullman and Poe v Griswold v. Connecticut
Ullman Griswold v. Connecticut
Justice Black dissented due to his opposition to the use of natural law by Justice Douglas, who held that a "penumbra" created by fundamental constitutional guarantees formed an implied right to privacy Griswold v. Connecticut
FTP, name this 1965 decision which struck down a law prohibiting the use of contraceptives. Griswold v. Connecticut
From 1974-79, he was NATO's Supreme Allied Commander in Europe Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.
Before that he served as chief of staff for Nixon in the late stages of Watergate Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.
His 1988 presidential campaign bombed, six years after he resigned his cabinet position and seven years after his best-known gaffe Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.
FTP, name the Secretary of State who, upon the shooting of Reagan, announced, "I am in charge." Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr.
A secondary focus of the movie Matinee as well as a forthcoming Kevin Costner film, the first proposal to resolve this incident was sent by telegram on October 26 The Cuban Missile Crisis
The White House received a follow-up letter the next day with the new demand that NATO remove its weapons from Turkey, but Kennedy ignored that letter and responded only to Khrushchev's first offer, which asked only that the U.S The Cuban Missile Crisis
promise not to invade a certain island The Cuban Missile Crisis
FTP, name this Cold War incident from 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis
This city lay at the junction of the Coosawattee [ku-sa-WAT-ee] and Conasauga [co-na-SAW-ga] rivers in present-day Gordon Conty, Georgia New Echota
By 1830 it had 50 residents and a main street 60 feet wide New Echota
Elias Boudinot [BOO-di-noh] and Major Ridge were both murdered for signing a treaty here that led to the forced removal of the Cherokee Indians New Echota
FTP, name the Cherokee seat of government prior to the Trail of Tears. New Echota
FDR remarked that this conservative "owned sixty congressman", but in deference to him staffed the AAA and NRA with his cronies Bernard Baruch
A broker at the A Bernard Baruch
A Bernard Baruch
Housman & Company in New York City, he was appointed by President Wilson in 1916 to serve on the advisory committee of the Council of National Defense, chaired the War Industries Board, and served as the US economic adviser at Versailles Bernard Baruch
FTP, identify this presidential advisor who proposed the creation of an international atomic energy development agency along with a plan for nuclear disarmament to the United Nations in 1946. Bernard Baruch
A grandson of the planter George Lucas, his mother Elizabeth successfully introduced silkworms and indigo cultivation into the American colonies Thomas Pinckney
He was elected governor of South Carolina in 1787 and urged ratification of the Constitution Thomas Pinckney
Later, he would be appointed minister to Great Britain, and also negotiated with Spain over boundary rights and navigation of the Mississippi Thomas Pinckney
FTP, identify this author of the 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo, the cousin of Charles and younger brother of Charles Cotesworth. Thomas Pinckney
After fourteen years out of public service, an appointment to mediate civil strife in Nicaragua restarted this man's political career, which led his role in the Hoover administration Henry Lewis Stimson
While Secretary of State, he led the US delegation to the London Naval Conference and designed the US response to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria Henry Lewis Stimson
FTP identify this statesman, Secretary of War under both Taft and Franklin Roosevelt. Henry Lewis Stimson
This Chicago native, a graduate of the University of Illinois-Chicago and the University of Chicago Law School, was elected to the Illinois State Legislature in 1978, serving there for nine years, and was the first African-American to serve as that body's Carol Moseley-Braun
Successful in a U Carol Moseley-Braun
S Carol Moseley-Braun
Senate bid in 1992, largely because incumbent Alan Dixon had voted to confirm Clarence Thomas for the Supreme Court, she became the fourth African-American senator Carol Moseley-Braun
For 10 points, who was this first black woman senator who lost in her 1998 bid to be re-elected? Carol Moseley-Braun
Born in 1904 outside of Tishomingo, Oklahoma, he served 30 years on the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals Alfred P. Murrah
As Chief Justice of the 10th Circuit, he wrote in 1966 in Robinson v Alfred P. Murrah
Transamerica, "The administration of the rules lies necessarily within the province of the trial court with power to fashion such orders as may be deemed proper to vouchsafe full discovery for the just, speedy and inexpensive determination of the lawsuit. Alfred P. Murrah
FTP identify this jurist for whom the Oklahoma City federal office building had been named. Alfred P. Murrah
On 20 February 20 1942, the Japanese sent two waves of bombers to destroy the USS Lexington, which they had discovered trying to sneak past New Guinea Edward "Butch" O'Hare
The first wave was demolished, but the second caught the American fighters off guard so that only two Wildcats were able to intercept them Edward "Butch" O'Hare
This pilot of one of the defenders soon discovered that his wingman's guns were jammed, but proceeded to shoot down five bombers single-handed and cripple a sixth, running out of ammo just as the rest of his squadron arrived Edward "Butch" O'Hare
FTP name this Medal of Honor recipient and namesake of a major U.S Edward "Butch" O'Hare
airport. Edward "Butch" O'Hare
Its constitution, modeled on that of the United States, differs in 6 main respects: the President and Vice-President serve 6-year terms; the President has a line-item veto; a 2/3 vote of both houses of Congress is needed to add a new state; Congress canno Confederate States of America or Confederacy
FTP what is this nation officially in existence from February 1861 to April 1865, whose only Vice-President was Alexander Stephens and only President was Jefferson Davis? Confederate States of America or Confederacy
Birthplace of Admiral Byrd and Willa Cather, this city was founded as Fredericktown by Colonel James Wood in 1744 Winchester , Va.
Serving as Washington's headquarters when he surveyed lands west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and again when he commanded Virginia troops during the French and Indian War, his surveying office there is now a museum Winchester , Va.
Changing hands repeatedly during the Civil War, it was the site of three important battles and served as the headquarters for "Stonewall" Jackson and Philip Sheridan Winchester , Va.
FTP, name this home of Shenandoah Univ Winchester , Va.
and Frederick County seat, famous for a repeating rifle. Winchester , Va.
Responsible for highways linking Chicago, Saginaw, and Port Huron to Detroit, this 1813-1831 Michigan Territory Governor served as Jackson's secretary of war and directed the Black Hawk and Seminole Wars Lewis Cass
A leader of the 1846 bloc demanding the "reannexation" of all the Oregon country south of latitude 54 40' N, he also served as Buchanan's secretary of state, but resigned when the president refused to take a firmer stance against the Southern secession Lewis Cass
FTP, name this 1848 Democratic presidential nominee who was defeated by Zachary Taylor. Lewis Cass
As amended, it severely limited contributions by individuals to political campaigns and the subsequent spending by campaign committees Hatch Act
Following disclosures that the Works Progress Administration was using their position to gain votes for the Democratic Party, this measure was passed and sponsored by the New Mexico senator after whom it was named Hatch Act
FTP, name this act passed by Congress in 1939 aimed at eliminating corrupt practices in national elections. Hatch Act
Graduating from the University of Oregon in 1975, he found it difficult to find a job before he accepted a position at The Advocate Randy Shilts
A future writer for the Chronicle, his major works include The Mayor of Castro Street: The Life and Times of Harvey Milk, a portrayal of an assassinated activist, and Conduct Unbecoming, a 1993 publication regarding homosexuals in the military Randy Shilts
FTP, name this gay-rights activist who died of HIV in 1994, but not before publishing And the Band Played On. Randy Shilts
Confederate general Beauregard was a hero of the early assaults, holding his lines against the more numerous Union troops until the arrival of reinforcements led by Lee Petersburg Campaign
A siege ensued during which Union generals Meade and Grant threw increasing forces against the more than twenty miles of Confederate trenches Petersburg Campaign
A huge mine exploded on July 30, 1864 by the Federals in a tunnel under the city's defenses failed to breach the Confederate line Petersburg Campaign
FTP, name this campaign during which Grant finally broke Lee's lines on April 2, 1865, leading directly to the fall of Richmond and the surrender at Appomatox. Petersburg Campaign
Following General William Rosecrans' brilliant Tullahoma campaign in the summer of 1863, which drove the Confederates from Chattanooga, he established his camp on this creek, where on September 19 to 20 he was counterattacked by Braxton Bragg's confederat Chickamauga
Rosecrans lost his nerve, but Bragg failed to follow it up and the Union victory at Chattanooga a few months later negated the result Chickamauga
Name this battle where the Union army was saved from complete disaster only by, FTP, the spirited defense of General George Thomas, for which he became known as the "Rock" of this battle. Chickamauga
Born in Columbus, Ohio in 1890, his books include Seven Came Through and Fighting the Flying Circus Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
While President of Eastern Airlines, he volunteered to conduct an inspection of U.S Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
Pacific naval bases during World War II; during the tour, he was shot down but survived for 23 days on a raft Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
He's best known, however, for his heroics with the "Hat-in-the-Ring" flying squadron of the First World War Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
FTP, who won a Congressional Medal of Honor for downing 26 German planes? Edward Vernon Rickenbacker
A surgeon at Valley Forge, he became a secretary to George Washington in 1778, and in 1787 was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention from Maryland James McHenry
In 1800, he was forced to resign his position in the Cabinet after President Adams discovered his complicity in Alexander Hamilton's scheme to replace Adams with Charles C James McHenry
Pinckney atop the Federalist ticket James McHenry
FTP, identify this man who served from 1796 to 1800 as Secretary of War, whose namesake fort guards the inner harbor of Baltimore. James McHenry
Father William Kleinsorge was reading a Jesuit magazine Hiroshima
Personnel clerk Toshiko Sasaki was turning her head to speak to the girl at the next desk Hiroshima
Hatsuyo Nakamura was watching a neighbor tear down his house because it blocked an air-defense fire lane Hiroshima
Dr Hiroshima
Terufumi Sasaki was carrying a blood sample, and the Reverend Kiyoshi Tanimoto was unloading a handcart, when, at exactly 15 minutes past eight, a noiseless flash occurred above the city Hiroshima
FTP, in what nonfiction work does John Hersey follows these survivors of the above 1945 event? Hiroshima
In 1942, this man and his newly established civil rights organization implemented the Gandhi-inspired tactic of nonviolent civil disobedience in Chicago, putting it into practice 14 years before Dr James Farmer
King's Montgomery Bus Boycott James Farmer
He was behind bars in Plaquemine, Louisiana, during the March on Washington, so aide Floyd McKissick read his speech James Farmer
Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998, FTP, identify this recently deceased founder of the Congress of Racial Equality. James Farmer
Born in about 1588 in present-day Connecticut, he was actually a Pequot Uncas
However, his inability to rise to chiefhood frustrated his ambitions, so he led an unsuccessful rebellion that resulted in his forced exile and ultimate siding with the British against the Pequot in a 1638 war Uncas
Such was his renown as a warrior, he was required to leave his sons with the British as a pledge of his neutrality in King Philip's War Uncas
For 10 points, who, unlike his namesake of Fenimore Cooper fictional fame, was the first chief of the Mohegans? Uncas
Originally a professional soldier, this man became governor of Curacao in 1644 Peter Stuyvesant
Taking his most famous post in 1647, he soon negotiated a mutually acceptable boundary with Connecticut by the Treaty of Hartford Peter Stuyvesant
Known for both the efficiency and harsh intolerance of his rule, this governor expanded his colony into the Delaware River area by conquering New Sweden, but was overwhelmed by a surprise English attack and forced to surrender in 1664 Peter Stuyvesant
FTP, name this one-legged man, the last Dutch ruler of New Netherland. Peter Stuyvesant
His father organized the investigation into the kidnapping of the Lindbergh baby H. Norman Schwarzkopf
He served two tours of duty in Vietnam and attained the rank of General in 1978 H. Norman Schwarzkopf
In 1983 he was a deputy commander in the invasion of Grenada, but he would gain his greatest notoriety several years later H. Norman Schwarzkopf
FTP, name this man who commanded the U.S H. Norman Schwarzkopf
forces in the Gulf War and authored the book It Doesnít Take a Hero. H. Norman Schwarzkopf
Its founder, a veteran named William Mooney, developed a long series of fake Indian rituals as a way to mock its higher-class rival, the Society of Cincinnati Tammany Hall (or The Society of St. Tammany)
Named for a Delaware Indian chief and incorporated as an immigrant aid association in 1805, it gradually became active in politics, eventually helping elect Fernando Wood as mayor of New York Tammany Hall (or The Society of St. Tammany)
Associated with "Boss" Tweed, FTP, what was this New York City political machine? Tammany Hall (or The Society of St. Tammany)
Known for the 1972 "Declaration of Conscience", Earl Warren claimed that if he'd been nominated for president in 1952, he would have made this Senator his running mate Margaret (Madelin) Chase Smith
The first Republican to denounce Joseph McCarthy on the Senate floor, this one-time reporter finished second to Barry Goldwater for the 1964 Republican presidential nomination, fourteen years after going to the House of Representatives to succeed her late Margaret (Madelin) Chase Smith
FTP, name this long-time senator from Maine. Margaret (Madelin) Chase Smith
During this war a militant Indian faction called the Red Sticks killed 533 frontiersmen in the Fort Mims Massacre Creek War (Prompt on the War of 1812)
Later that fall, the villages of Talladega and Tallashatchee were destroyed, and by the next spring, 1000 warriors congregated at a village on a peninsula in the Tallapoosa River, where they were destroyed in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend Creek War (Prompt on the War of 1812)
FTP, what was this war named for the Native American tribe defeated by Andrew Jackson during the War of 1812? Creek War (Prompt on the War of 1812)
In this event's aftermath, Albert Parsons, George Engel, and Adolph Fischer were hanged, while Louis Lingg was found dead in his jail cell Haymarket Square Riot
Judge Joseph Gary had sentenced these people, as well as August Spies, as accessories before and after the fact in the deaths of seven people as a rally in support of a 8-hour work day Haymarket Square Riot
FTP, name this violent confrontation between police and labor supporters in Chicago in 1886. Haymarket Square Riot
This man died of tuberculosis in 1887 in Glenwood Springs, California John Henry "Doc" Holliday
Raised in Georgia, he graduated in 1872 from the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery John Henry "Doc" Holliday
Discovering that he was better at faro than tooth extraction, he lived in places as varied as Pueblo, Dallas, and Las Vegas, at some point marriying Kate Elder John Henry "Doc" Holliday
Befriending Wyatt Earp in Dodge City, he fought against the Clanton gang at the OK Corrall John Henry "Doc" Holliday
FTP, name this part-time dentist of the American West. John Henry "Doc" Holliday
One of this organization's founders was a fugitive from justice who evaded arrest due to the aid of Jerry Brown and Mario Cuomo from 1975-84 AIM or American Indian Movement
Founded by Minneapolis in 1968 by George Mitchell, Clyde Bellecourt, and Dennis Banks, they gained attention for their 1969-71 occupation of Alcatraz prison, marking them as the most militant group of their kind AIM or American Indian Movement
Organizers of the Trail of Broken Treaties Caravan and Wounded Knee Reservation Seizure, FTP, what is this militant Indian organization. AIM or American Indian Movement
In the majority opinion for this case the Supreme Court first ruled that the plaintiff, referred to several times as an "eelemosynary" institution, was a private corporation which could not be subjected to meddling by the legislature The Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward
This was a de facto victory for the plaintiff which was then bolstered by acknowledging that the Royal Charter in essence consisted of a contract between the government and the plaintiff which, according to Article I secion 10, could not be impaired by th The Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward
This is a summary of Chief Justice John Marshall's ruling in, FTP, what 1819 case argued by Daniel Webster on behalf of a college which claimed the right to appoint its own governing body independent of the action of the state to modify it? The Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward
This military leader resigned his commission when he was blamed by a court of inquiry for not following up on the explosion of a mine before the Battle of Petersburg Ambrose Burnside
In February 1862 he captured Roanoke Island, but soon after taking command of the Army of the Potomic led the unsuccessful Fredericksburg campaign and was relieved of command Ambrose Burnside
Also known for his 1866-69 stint as governor of Rhode Island, FTP, who was this Union army officer who lent his name to a style of facial hair? Ambrose Burnside
This man served as minister of foreign affairs in the French government in 1849, and his book on the French Revolution entitled The Old Regime and the Revolution was unfinished at his death in 1859 Alexis de Tocqueville
He is famous today for work resulting from 9 months he spent travelling with Gustave de Beaumont, resulting in two major works, one of which was The Penal System in the United States and its Application in France Alexis de Tocqueville
FTP, who was this French writer and politician best-known for his magnum opus Democracy in America? Alexis de Tocqueville
This man's grandfather Christopher was a Revolutionary War leader and head of the South Carolina radicals James Gadsden
After serving in the U.S James Gadsden
army he was made U.S James Gadsden
commissioner to remove the Seminole Indians to reservations in 1823 James Gadsden
From 1840-50 he was president of the South Carolina Railroad Company, during which time he projected a southern route for a transcontinental railroad, which is closely related to his most famous achievement, which occurred while he was U.S James Gadsden
minister to Mexico James Gadsden
FTP, who was this man who negotiated the purchase of nearly 30,000 square miles of land in Arizona and New Mexico? James Gadsden
On the opening day of this battle Stonewall Jackson's forces kept Union troops from taking Centreville, and on the final day of fighting Jackson defeated retreating Union forces at Chantilly 2nd Bull Run or 2nd Manassas
The main fighting occurred on August 29-30, 1862, when Lee's forces defeated those of John Pope 2nd Bull Run or 2nd Manassas
FTP, what is this Civil War battle, the second of two with the same name? 2nd Bull Run or 2nd Manassas
At the age of 10 this person was captured by Gros Ventres, and was later sold as a wife to Toussaint Charbonneau Sacagawea
Known as "Bird Woman", she, her husband, and her infant son were soon employed as interpreters, but her most valuable service to her employers was to secure horses needed to cross the Rockies from her native Shoshoni tribe Sacagawea
FTP, who was this Native American who took part in the Lewis and Clark Expedition? Sacagawea
By a 5-4 Supreme Court vote this endeavour was ruled constitutional in the Ashwander case Tennessee Valley Authority or TVA
An independent public corporation governed by a board of three and originally chaired by Arthur Morgan, one of its purposes was to sell inexpensive fertilizers and electricity, and just nine years after its May 18, 1933 establishment it generated more ele Tennessee Valley Authority or TVA
FTP, what was this New Deal Authority established in a southern state? Tennessee Valley Authority or TVA
A major development of this historical event was the publication of letters written to Henry McComb Credit Mobilier
It began when Thomas Durant and other stockholders organized a company under an existing charter which soon assigned contracts to seven trustees Credit Mobilier
The reputations of congressmen James Brooks and James Patterson and Vice President Schulyer Colfax were ruined when it was revealed that they had been given stock in a company run by Oakes Ames Credit Mobilier
FTP, what was this scandal involving a scheme surrounding the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad? Credit Mobilier
The main leaders of this political group were Carl Schurz, George Curtis, and Henry Cabot Lodge mugwumps
Single-issue reformers who took orthodox Republican positions on most issues, they defected from their party on the issue of civil service reform, and their name was first used by Charles Dana in the New York Sun, deriving it from an Algonkian word meanin mugwumps
FTP, who were these politicians who deserted James Blaine in favor of Grover Cleveland in the 1884 presidential election? mugwumps
Entering the navy in 1809, this leader first gained favorable attention for his plans for officer education, improved gunnery training, and a naval engineer corps Matthew Perry (moderator's note: This Matthew Perry was not addicted to painkillers)
In 1837 he took command of the Fulton, one of the first naval steamships, and during the early 1840s he aided the British in suppression of the slave trade, but is best known for negotiating the Treaty of Kanagawa Matthew Perry (moderator's note: This Matthew Perry was not addicted to painkillers)
FTP, who was this brother of another naval leader who anchored off Yedo Bay in Japan in 1853 in order to force open Japanese ports to U.S Matthew Perry (moderator's note: This Matthew Perry was not addicted to painkillers)
trade? Matthew Perry (moderator's note: This Matthew Perry was not addicted to painkillers)
This scandal was brought to light due to the secret investigation of Benjamin Bristow Whiskey Ring
Led by John McDonald, it was centered in Milwaukee, Chicago, and St Whiskey Ring
Louis, and defrauded the US treasury of $2 million in excise taxes Whiskey Ring
In its aftermath, the government indicted 238 people, including the president's private secretary Oliver Babcock, but President Grant himself was cleared of any wrongdoing Whiskey Ring
FTP, what was this conspiracy involving distillers of a certain alcoholic beverage? Whiskey Ring
He migrated to the colonies after his father-in-law disinherited his wife and he was caught trying to defraud his neighbor of his inheritance Nathaniel Bacon
He acquired two estates, and less than a year after he arrived, he was appointed to the council of the governor, his cousin by marriage Nathaniel Bacon
Although his camapign disintegrated after his death from dysentary, he had achieved military success after responding to an attack by Susquehannock Indians, leading him to be declared a traitor by Governor Berhkley Nathaniel Bacon
FTP, who was this western Virginia leader of a rebellion which eventually burned Jamestown? Nathaniel Bacon
In 1920, the Supreme Court applied the "rule of reason" interpretation of this act Sherman Anti-Trust Act
It was first interpreted in 1895 in U.S Sherman Anti-Trust Act
v Sherman Anti-Trust Act
E.C Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Knight Company, in which the Court declared that manufacturing was a local industry and did not fall into the realm of interstate commerce Sherman Anti-Trust Act
It had little impact during its first evelen years, but was made into an effective weapon against monopolies by Theodore Roosevelt Sherman Anti-Trust Act
FTP, name this first major antitrust legislation. Sherman Anti-Trust Act
To many critics his most important writing was the essay The Dividing Line Between Federal and Local Authority Stephen Douglas
His rejection of the demands of William Yancey led to a split in his party Stephen Douglas
The author of the sections of the Compromise of 1850 relating to the governments of the Kansas and New Mexico territories, he created the famous "Freeport Doctrine" annunciating his theory of popular sovereignty during his run for senator in 1858 Stephen Douglas
For 10 points, name this "Little Giant," who authored the Kansas-Nebraska Act and defeated Abraham Lincoln after a series of famous debates. Stephen Douglas
He became active in Republican politics under Harold Stassen, serving as floor manager at the 1948 and 1952 Republican conventions Warren Burger
Chairman of the commission planning the bicentennial celebration of the U.S Warren Burger
constitution, he was appointed assistant Attorney General in 1953, and two years later Eisenhower appointed him to the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Warren Burger
Contrary to expectations, this conservative upheld the Miranda decision, and it was his court that presided over Roe v Warren Burger
Wade Warren Burger
For 10 points, name this Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who in 1969 succeeded Earl Warren. Warren Burger
The intent of the Federal advance in this battle was to seize the Memphis & Charleston Railroad Battle of Shiloh (accept Battle of Pittsburg Landing on early buzz)
The Union counterattack was led by Major General Lewis Wallace on April 7, against which Beauregard managed a tenacious defense Battle of Shiloh (accept Battle of Pittsburg Landing on early buzz)
Beginning when Confederate forces launched an offense attempting to push the Union, led by Grant, into the swamps at Owl Creek, the Confederate flank attack was stalled at Sarah Bell's peach orchard and the "hornet's nest," during which General A Battle of Shiloh (accept Battle of Pittsburg Landing on early buzz)
S Battle of Shiloh (accept Battle of Pittsburg Landing on early buzz)
Johnston was killed Battle of Shiloh (accept Battle of Pittsburg Landing on early buzz)
FTP, identify this early battle of the Civil War that took place at Pittsburg Landing. Battle of Shiloh (accept Battle of Pittsburg Landing on early buzz)
His name means "Panther Crossing," and he fought alongside Little Turtle at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, gaining notoriety for not signing the 1795 Treaty of Greenville Tecumseh
His people were forced out of Ohio and moved in 1808 to Indiana, where he tried to form an alliance with other Native American tribes Tecumseh
However, his plans were thwarted when his brother was defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe, and Richard M Tecumseh
Johnson claimed to have killed him at the Battle of the Thames Tecumseh
FTP, identify this Shawnee leader, brother of The Prophet. Tecumseh
Early in his career this politician served as private secretary to associate justice Louis Brandeis, and in 1933 was undersecretary of the treasury Dean Acheson
Among his writings are Power and Diplomacy and Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department, which received a Pulitzer in 1970 Dean Acheson
He was accused by McCarthy for protecting Communists due to his defense of Alger Hiss, but is more famous for implementing the Marshall Plan Dean Acheson
FTP, identify this secretary of state under Harry Truman. Dean Acheson
This man rose to the rank of mate while involved in the slave trade, but settled in America after killing a mutinous sailor John Paul Jones (or John Paul)
Late in his life he served as an admiral in the Russian navy against the Turks, but is better-known for his exploits against the British, including spiking the guns of his old home port Whitehaven and capturing the HMS Drake John Paul Jones (or John Paul)
FTP, who is this admiral who defeated the HMS Serapis with his ship the Bonhomme Richard, best-known for the quote "I have not yet begun to fight"? John Paul Jones (or John Paul)
The recipient of the first Political Science PhD from Harvard, this man began his political career in 1880 Henry Cabot Lodge
Co-author with Theodore Roosevelt of a book of "Hero Tales", like Roosevelt he issued a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, his concerning the disapproval of sale of strategically important land by Latin-American countries Henry Cabot Lodge
As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations committee, he issued 14 reservations in opposition to Wilson's 14 points Henry Cabot Lodge
FTP identify this Massachusettes politician whose grandson of the same name also went on to a career in politics. Henry Cabot Lodge
Her father Buck, who devised a "miracle cancer cure" out of mutton fat and lye, claimed that she was clairvoyant Victoria Claflin Woodhull
To this end, she put on psychic shows and worked part time as a prostitute after she was married at 15, often claiming to be visited by the spirit of Demosthenes Victoria Claflin Woodhull
With her sister, she started a newspaper, Claflin's Weekly, but it was her introduction to Cornelius Vanderbilt that allowed her to make a fortune as a stockbroker Victoria Claflin Woodhull
However, she would be disgraced by a libel suit for her publication of rumors about the love life of Reverend Henry Ward Beecher Victoria Claflin Woodhull
FTP, name this woman who was nominated by the Equal Rights Party in the presidential election of 1872. Victoria Claflin Woodhull
Its doom was ensured when Lafayette McLaws gained the high ground on Elk Ridge Harpers Ferry
When it fell, more than 12,500 prisoners were taken in the largest Union surrender of the Civil War Harpers Ferry
Those troops under Dixon Miles were no match for the Confederate army that marched south from Boonsboro under Stonewall Jackson Harpers Ferry
Before the war it had been defended by a descendent of George Washington, and later, it would used by Sheridan for his base of operations in the Shenandoah Valley Harpers Ferry
Lying at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers, FTP, name this West Virginia town best-known for a night in October 1859 when 21 men under John Brown raided its armory. Harpers Ferry
Extremists like John Lowell and Timothy Pickering were balanced by moderates like Theodore Dwight, the secretary, and Harrison Gray Otis, the eventual leader Hartford Convention
Among the proposed amendments were a limitation from any state having a president for more than two successive terms and a limitation of Congress' embargo power to 60 days Hartford Convention
Those present also argued that easy admission of states in the western region and the easy naturalization of foreigners were degrading the nation, two points of view that destroyed the Federalist Party Hartford Convention
FTP, name this secret meeting of 26 delegates from five New England states brought together by their opposition to the War of 1812. Hartford Convention
In overturning the lower court's decision, the Supereme Court also had to rule unconstitutional a law granting certain rights to one John Fitch Gibbons v. Ogden
Justice Johnson's lone dissent in this case cited a specific 1778 Congress decision involving New Jersey and several passages from Madison's Virginia Resolutions Gibbons v. Ogden
The appellant, whose case was argued by Daniel Webster, was distressed that the Stoudinger and Bellona might be restricted in their travels from Elizabethtown Gibbons v. Ogden
Robert Livingston and Robert Fulton's grants were deemed unconstitutional in, FTP, what 1824 case regarding steamboat monopoly in New York? Gibbons v. Ogden
Their instigator wrote an essay entitled "The Case Against the Reds" in which he charged "tongues of the revolutionary heat were licking the altars of churches and leaping into the belfry of the school bells." Events occurring at the same time include Co Palmer Raids
The most famous one resulted in 249 aliens being put on the Buford and sent to the Soviet Union Palmer Raids
FTP, name this anti-communist crusade initiated by its namesake, Wilson's attorney general between 1918 and 1921. Palmer Raids
He was the only president who, after declaring his intent to run, failed to receive his party's nomination for a second term Franklin Pierce
William L Franklin Pierce
Marcy served as his secretary of state and engineered one of the few successes of his term, the Treaty of Kanagawa Franklin Pierce
After defeating his former commander, Winfield Scott, he and his running mate, William Rufus King, took office Franklin Pierce
FTP, name this president whose tenure saw the Gadsen Purchase and the Kansas Nebraska Act between the years of 1853 and 1857. Franklin Pierce
His commands included victory at the Battle of Ridgefield and delaying a British drive to New York City at Lake Champlain Benedict Arnold
In addition, he fought heroically at Bemis Heights and the siege of Quebec, where he was badly wounded Benedict Arnold
On his return to duty he was appointed commander of Philadelphia, where he squandered money on an extravagant social life Benedict Arnold
Combined with a lack of recognition for his tactics at Saratoga, his monetary situation brought him to the attention of Major John Andre Benedict Arnold
FTP, name this American general who planned to turn West Point over to the British. Benedict Arnold
The decision in this case rested on two arguments, of which the first and most important justified implied powers granted to the Federal Government by the Necessary and Proper clause McCulloch v. Maryland
The second held that these powers were not affected by the 10th Amendment, whose lack of the word "expressly" did not restrict the government to enumerated powers McCulloch v. Maryland
More to the point, the second argument involved the Supremacy clause and a certain county's right to tax Federal Institutions, as "the power to tax involves the power to destroy." FTP, name this landmark case of the Marshall court, an 1819 case that stru McCulloch v. Maryland
After beating back a small attack by George Taylor and destroying the Union Mass Bridge, the Confederate commander entrenched himself on Stony Ridge, from which the Union Army was cut to pieces trying to dislodge him Second Manassas or Second Bull Run
The next day saw the mopping up of Union divisions under Isaac Stripley and Philip Kearny by Stonewall Jackson Second Manassas or Second Bull Run
This came after reinforcements from Longstreet forced a Union retreat, completing the rout of John Pope Second Manassas or Second Bull Run
FTP, name this August 22, 1862 battle in which the Confederates defeated the Union Army in almost the same spot where, in the previous year, Irvin McDowell succumbed in the first major battle of the Civil War. Second Manassas or Second Bull Run
Previously his state's attorney general, he was appointed to the U.S Walter Frederick (Fritz) Mondale [Mondale took Hubert Humphrey's seat when Humprey became VP]
Senate in 1964 to fill a vacancy that indirectly resulted from the assassination of John F Walter Frederick (Fritz) Mondale [Mondale took Hubert Humphrey's seat when Humprey became VP]
Kennedy Walter Frederick (Fritz) Mondale [Mondale took Hubert Humphrey's seat when Humprey became VP]
In 1997 he co-chaired, with Nancy Kassebaum, a committee appointed by President Clinton to look at campaign finance reform Walter Frederick (Fritz) Mondale [Mondale took Hubert Humphrey's seat when Humprey became VP]
He also served as U.S Walter Frederick (Fritz) Mondale [Mondale took Hubert Humphrey's seat when Humprey became VP]
ambassador to Japan from 1993 to 1996, though this man nicknamed "Fritz" is best known for his term as vice president and his failed presidential campaign Walter Frederick (Fritz) Mondale [Mondale took Hubert Humphrey's seat when Humprey became VP]
FTP, name this vice president of Jimmy Carter's, a Minnesota Democrat who lost to Ronald Reagan in 1984. Walter Frederick (Fritz) Mondale [Mondale took Hubert Humphrey's seat when Humprey became VP]
"Let me speak.. Haymarket Square Riot
Let the voice of the people be heard," shouted Albert Parsons before he was hanged, while Lewis Lingg, also associated with this event, escaped the hangman by exploding a dynamite cap in this mouth Haymarket Square Riot
August Spies, the acknowledged leader, was also hung, and only two of the eight ring leaders escaped death Haymarket Square Riot
The turmoil began when a dynamite bomb was thrown into the crowd gathered outside the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company Haymarket Square Riot
Governor John Altgeld objected to the calling in of federal troops as a result of this incident Haymarket Square Riot
FTP, name this event, whose fallout destroyed the Knights of Labor, an event that occurred on May 5, 1886, in Chicago. Haymarket Square Riot
This law, insisted upon by the McClellan committee, instituted federal penalties for labor officials who misused union funds, those who had been found guilty of certain crimes, and those who violently kept union members from exercising their legal rights Landrum-Griffin Act or Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act
Union members were given a bill of rights, and an anti-communist provision kept former communist party members from holding an union office for five years Landrum-Griffin Act or Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act
Supported by Eisenhower, provisions such as a strict ban on secondary boycotts strengthened parts of 1947's Taft-Hartley Act Landrum-Griffin Act or Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act
FTP, identify this anti- corruption act passed in 1959. Landrum-Griffin Act or Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act
The eventual losing army consisted of the 41st Foot, some Royal Artillery, Caldwell's Rangers, and one thousand Indians Battle of the Thames
After pulling out of Fort Amherstberg, General Henry Proctor had ducked a fight at Dolson's Farm and McGregor's Creek before agreeing to fight at the Moravian Mission Battle of the Thames
Despite having some Indian reserves in a nearby swamp the British were butchered by a charge of mounted Kentucky riflemen, a consequence of which was the death of Tecumseh Battle of the Thames
FTP, name this victory for William Henry Harrison in the War of 1812, a battle that shares its name with an English river. Battle of the Thames
Throughout his life he combated the Arminian view of liberty, quoting Boswell's remark that, "the only relief I had was to forget it." In his Treatise concerning Religious Affections he discriminated between the state of grace and the state of worldlines Jonathan Edwards
Later while serving as a missionary for six years, he wrote "A Careful and Strict Enquiry into the Modern Prevailing Notions of Freedom of Will," which set forth his views affirming predestination and a call to return to Calvinism Jonathan Edwards
Following George Whitefield's visit with him, this man spearheaded the movement with which he is associated Jonathan Edwards
FTP, name this trailblazer of the Great Awakening, famed for sermons like "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." Jonathan Edwards
As a senator, he once came to blows with James Mason and Jefferson Davis at the same time Salmon Portland Chase
While serving in the cabinet, he issued the first legal-tender paper currency not backed by gold, the greenback Salmon Portland Chase
In 1848 he helped found the Free Soil Party and ran on their ticket seven years later to become governor of his home state, Ohio Salmon Portland Chase
Within the next decade he became Lincoln's secretary of the treasury Salmon Portland Chase
Famously dissenting in the Slaughterhouse Cases, FTP, name this man who presided over the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson as Supreme Court Chief Justice. Salmon Portland Chase
After he left office, he published This Country of Ours, a series of essays on how the government works Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just last name)
In addition, he served as counsel for Venezuela over a boundary dispute with British Guiana Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just last name)
Successes of his presidency included calling the first Pan American Conference and passing the Dependent Pension Act for war veterans Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just last name)
When James Blaine declined the Republican nomination, this man and his running mate, Levi Morton, quickly seized the opportunity Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just last name)
Despite the popular Sherman Silver Purchase Act, he was damaged by the formation of the Populist Party Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just last name)
FTP, name this 23rd president who interrupted Cleveland's two terms. Benjamin Harrison (prompt on just last name)
Its government had a constitution providing for the payment of taxes and salaries by using produce Franklin
Opponents of the government, led by John Tipton, protested the preliminary conventions at Jonesboro and the first assembly meeting at Greenville Franklin
After a period of four years, Tipton successfully had its governor arrested on a charge of high treason, though that governor, John Sevier, would later serve in the North Carolina legislature Franklin
Existing from 1784 to 1788, FTP, name this one-time autonomous state in eastern Tennessee. Franklin
Its supporters eventually migrated to the NMD program, a more pragmatic approach Strategic Defense Initiative or SDI (prompt on "Star Wars" before it's mentioned)
Though defended as an attempt to free the U.S Strategic Defense Initiative or SDI (prompt on "Star Wars" before it's mentioned)
from policies of deterrence and a reliance on the threat of nuclear retaliation, Les Aspin announced its abandonment and the establishment of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, a cheaper alternative than using ground and sea-based missile systems Strategic Defense Initiative or SDI (prompt on "Star Wars" before it's mentioned)
FTP, name this Reagan-sponsored defense program popularly dubbed Star Wars. Strategic Defense Initiative or SDI (prompt on "Star Wars" before it's mentioned)
The only House Speaker from this party was Nathaniel Banks, one of 43 members sent to Congress when the party won control of the delegations from Massachusetts and Delaware; it split in 1855 when Southerners took control at its Philadelphia convention and the Know Nothings or the American party
Originally founded as the Order of the Star Spangled Banner in 1849, it was given its nickname by Horace Greeley the Know Nothings or the American party
For 10 points, name the nativist third party which nominated Millard Fillmore for president in 1856. the Know Nothings or the American party
He ended his career as governor of Guernsey, and in 1692 he began a five-year tenure as governor of Virginia, where he was surprisingly popular with the colony's planters Edmund Andros
He clashed with New Jersey governor Philip Carteret (whom he arrested) when he was governor of New York in the 1670s, and was named Governor of the Dominion of New England when James II combined all of New England into one colony in 1686 Edmund Andros
For 10 points, name this tyrannical colonial governor toppled in 1689 in the American portion of the Glorious Revolution. Edmund Andros
In 1942, he was the only member of Congress to vote against the internment of Japanese-Americans; seven years later, he and Herbert Hoover opposed the creation of NATO and called for a "fortress America" and the "principle of the free hand." Edged out for Robert A(lphonso) Taft
Republican." FTP, name this long-time Ohio senator and son of a former president. Robert A(lphonso) Taft
Originally named Jumping Badger, he was known as Hunkesni, or "Slow", until he counted his first coup against the Crows at age fourteen Sitting Bull
As chieftain of the Hunkpapa he participated at the battle of Killdeer Mountain during the Minnesota uprising of 1863 and performed the cut-flesh sun sacrifice to ensure his people's victory at Rosebud Creek, though this left him too weak to play an activ Sitting Bull
FTP name this Sioux and one-time member of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show known by the English equivalent of Tatanka-Iyotanka, who helped encourage his tribe to defeat Custer at Little Big Horn. Sitting Bull
Born a British subject on the island of St Judah Philip Benjamin
Croix, he moved to England permanently in 1865 and became a successful lawyer whose treatise The Law of Sale of Permanent Property was for many years the standard text on the subject in England and the US Judah Philip Benjamin
A graduate of Yale law school, he built a successful commercial and insurance law practice Judah Philip Benjamin
Elected to the United States Senate and serving from 1852 to 1861, he enraged whites by arguing that slaves should be emancipated and conscripted into the army Judah Philip Benjamin
FTP name this man, the first practicing Jew to serve in the Senate but most famous as the Attorney General, Secretary of War, and Secretary of State of the Confederate States of America. Judah Philip Benjamin
From 1910 to 1924 he served as dean at the Columbia University School of Law Harlan Fiske Stone
At that point he was appointed attorney general and spearheaded the reform movement in the Justice Department in the wake of the Teapot Dome Scandal Harlan Fiske Stone
It was Coolidge's controversial nomination of this man as an associate Supreme Court justice that first prompted the Senate to ask members to appear before the Judiciary Committee Harlan Fiske Stone
Presiding over few major decisions except for Korematsu, FTP, name this man appointed chief justice by FDR in 1941. Harlan Fiske Stone
Backlash over its passage caused its namesake to lose a committee chairmanship in the House to Pat Harrison, who engineered the passage of the RTAA four years later to offset it Smoot-Hawley Act (names may be reversed)
One cabinet member, Robert Lamont, strongly opposed it, but he was overridden by Andrew Mellon, who would be fired two years later for his support of it Smoot-Hawley Act (names may be reversed)
As a result of this act, Davis-Bacon was passed the next year, but the Great Depression had already set in Smoot-Hawley Act (names may be reversed)
Causing a short term export reduction of nearly two-thirds, FTP, name this piece of legislation signed by Herbert Hoover in 1930 that raised tariff rates 53%. Smoot-Hawley Act (names may be reversed)
Justice Field's dissent in this case sought to recognize "the right to pursue lawful employment in a lawful manner." In a seemingly illogical holding, the majority decision asserted that a clause which explicitly restrained states applied only to rights h Slaughterhouse Cases [or The Butchers' Benevolent Association Of New Orleans v. The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing And Slaughter-House Company; or The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing And Slaughter-House Company v. The Butchers' Benevolent Association O
Positing that acceptance of the appellants' argument would render the Supreme Court a "perpetual censor upon all legislation of the states," Justice Miller's decision rendered meaningless the "privileges and immunities" clause of the Fourteenth Amendment Slaughterhouse Cases [or The Butchers' Benevolent Association Of New Orleans v. The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing And Slaughter-House Company; or The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing And Slaughter-House Company v. The Butchers' Benevolent Association O
FTP, identify this 1873 holding which declined to end the New Orleans butchers' monopoly. Slaughterhouse Cases [or The Butchers' Benevolent Association Of New Orleans v. The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing And Slaughter-House Company; or The Crescent City Live-Stock Landing And Slaughter-House Company v. The Butchers' Benevolent Association O
"The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her." So begins the list of grievances in this document, deliberately modeled Seneca Falls Declaration (accept Declaration of Sentiments before it is mentioned)
Signed by sixty-eight women and thirty-two men, the document was prepared by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and issued by a seminal 1848 conference on women's rights Seneca Falls Declaration (accept Declaration of Sentiments before it is mentioned)
FTP, name this work. Seneca Falls Declaration (accept Declaration of Sentiments before it is mentioned)
Between 1648 and 1656, they dispersed the Tionontati, Neural, and Erie, and in 1675 defeated the Andaste Iroquois Confederation (accept "people of the longhouse" on early buzz)
They were ended in 1784 through the Second Treaty of Fort Stanwix, and Chief Joseph Brant led two tribes to Canada Iroquois Confederation (accept "people of the longhouse" on early buzz)
Calling themselves the "People of the Longhouse," they had been fouded, according to tradition, when the native Huron Dekanawidah persuaded an early leader to advance "peace, civil authority, righteousness, and the great law." FTP, name this Native Ameri Iroquois Confederation (accept "people of the longhouse" on early buzz)
In her later years, she taught sculpture in California and tended to her grandchildren prior to her death in 1967 Evelyn Nesbit
The daughter of a poor seamstress from Pittsburgh, she came to New York to gain fame as an artist's model and soon graced enough magazine covers to earn the title "Girl Model of Gotham." She was also known as "the Girl in the Red-Velvet Swing," due to he Evelyn Nesbit
Of course, her husband, millionaire Harry Thaw, objected to this, shot White, and was ruled not guilty by reason of temporary insanity in a sensational 1906 "trial of the century." FTP, name this woman. Evelyn Nesbit
Elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1790, he served two years before his seat was vacated due to election fraud "Mad" Anthony Wayne
He first gained notoriety for the tactical genius that he exhibited while successfully storming the British fort at Stony Point, New York "Mad" Anthony Wayne
Local scouts called him "the Chief who Never Sleeps," because he was a more formidable opponent than Josiah Harmar or Arthur St "Mad" Anthony Wayne
Clair, two of his subordinates "Mad" Anthony Wayne
After he defeated Blue Jacket and his leader, the outpost of Miami Village was renamed in his honor "Mad" Anthony Wayne
FTP, name this general who routed Little Turtle at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, named for his bold and sometimes crazy tactics. "Mad" Anthony Wayne
Michael Harrington envisioned this organization as a youth auxiliary to the LID, but quickly lost control of it SDS or Students for a Democratic Society
Four years after its founding, its members developed the Economic Research and Action Project to politically organize Northern slum-dwellers, but the program lasted only four more years SDS or Students for a Democratic Society
Upon its collapse, a small revolutionary group known as the Weathermen was all that remained SDS or Students for a Democratic Society
Associated with such men as Carl Ogelsby and Tom Hayden, its message was enunciated by the famous Port Huron Statement SDS or Students for a Democratic Society
FTP, name this militant anti-war student organization of the 1960s. SDS or Students for a Democratic Society
It began with a meeting in the home of Mary B Niagara Movement
Talbert that included Monroe Trotter, John Hope, and 28 others Niagara Movement
Following that first meeting, subsequent annual conferences of this movement occurred in Harper's Ferry and Faneuil Hall, Boston Niagara Movement
Opposed to the Atlanta Compromise, they eventually had an establishment of 30 branches, but never attracted mass support until the Springfield Race Riot Niagara Movement
After the riots, white liberals joined its militants to form a more famous organization Niagara Movement
FTP, name this predecessor to the NAACP founded by W.E.B Niagara Movement
Dubois in 1905 and associated with a landmark on the New York-Canada border. Niagara Movement
He began his professional career by working as a clerk for Learned Hand from 1947 to 1948 Elliot Richardson
He later served as an assistant secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare in the Eisenhower administration, and in the 1960s, for the state of Massachusetts, he was both attorney general and lieutenant governor Elliot Richardson
He is the only individual to have headed four different cabinet departments: Health, Commerce, Defense, and his most famous one Elliot Richardson
Like his deputy, William Ruckelshaus, he was forced to resign Elliot Richardson
FTP, name this man who, when he refused to fire Archibald Cox, resigned as Nixon's attorney general. Elliot Richardson
It took its name from a parliamentary speech by Isaac Barre, and interestingly that very name would be adopted by the Knights of the Golden Circle Sons of Liberty
One chapter met underneath a tree and was headed by John Lamb and Alexander McDougall; while the other congregated beneath a pole and was headed by James Otis and the most famous member Sons of Liberty
Meeting late at night to avoid government detection, they had their origin in the Committees of Correspondence, were established in early 1765, and found their locus in resistance to the Stamp Act Sons of Liberty
FTP, name this group, whose founders included Samuel Adams and which met under a Liberty Tree and Pole. Sons of Liberty
It was suggested by the president's wartime adviser, Francis P Hampton Roads Conference
Blair, who was present and was opposed by negotiators like J.A Hampton Roads Conference
Campbell and R.M.T Hampton Roads Conference
Hunter Hampton Roads Conference
Hunter was the true leader of his delegation aboard the steamboat River Queen, however his ranking superior, Vice President Alexander Stephens, did most of the talking Hampton Roads Conference
The other side's delegation was headed by Secretary of State William Seward and none other than President Lincoln Hampton Roads Conference
FTP, name these unsuccessful peace negotiations of February 3, 1865, which took place at the same site where the Monitor and Merrimack fought. Hampton Roads Conference
At the 1952 Republican convention, he secured Eisenhower's nomination by delivering his state's delegation to Eisenhower, thus antagonizing Earl Warren Richard Milhouse Nixon
Later, Eisenhower would pressure him to become his Secretary of Defense, but he refused Richard Milhouse Nixon
As a freshman congressman, he had been instrumental in securing the passage of the Marshall Plan but was most noted for his role in securing the perjury indictment of Alger Hiss Richard Milhouse Nixon
In 1950 he was elected to the Senate by defeating Helen Douglas, whom he insinuated was a closet communist Richard Milhouse Nixon
FTP, name this man who lost the presidency with Henry Cabot Lodge Jr Richard Milhouse Nixon
as his running mate but won with Gerald Ford in 1968. Richard Milhouse Nixon
Its conclusion lists the oppression of Armenians and the massacre of Jews in Kishenef as examples that support its issuance Roosevelt Corollary
Another example was the British, German, and Italian blockade of Venezuelan ports just two years earlier, which prompted its inclusion in a December address to Congress Roosevelt Corollary
Stating that United States was justified in using, "international police power" to put an end to chronic wrongdoing in the Western Hemisphere, FTP, identify this 1904 addition to the Monroe Doctrine, named for the president who issued it. Roosevelt Corollary
The author of Principles and Maxims of the Art of War, like many of the Confederates he was a West Point graduate and a veteran of the Mexican War Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
After the war he returned to his native Louisiana where he directed the state lottery for several years Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
During the final stages of the war, he had defended the southern approaches to Richmond and conducted the defense of Charleston Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
However, he's better known for his command during the First Battle of Bull Run and two other maneuvers Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
FTP, name this man who organized the Confederate retreat at Shiloh and led the forces that fired upon Fort Sumter. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Two of his several books commenting on American public life are Other People's Money and The Curse of Bigness, the latter about his distaste for trusts, monopolies, and Big Business in general Louis Brandeis
As a lawyer in Boston he frequently worked for public causes, which he did successfully in Muller v Louis Brandeis
Oregon, a case that first introduced his eponymous sociological and evidentiary briefs Louis Brandeis
His career was marked by joining with Oliver Wendell Holmes in frequent dissents against the conservatism of his colleagues Louis Brandeis
FTP, name this man appointed to the Supreme Court by Woodrow Wilson in 1916, thereby becoming the first Jewish Justice. Louis Brandeis
Stravinsky's Concerto in E-flat major was nicknamed for it and was dedicated to its owner, Robert Woods Bliss Dumbarton Oaks
It is now the site of a Harvard-owned research library for Byzantine and pre-Colombian studies but was originally an estate named for a Scottish rock Dumbarton Oaks
In 1944, representatives of China, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the U.S Dumbarton Oaks
met there to discuss the maintenance of international peace and security following the conclusion of World War II Dumbarton Oaks
FTP, name this Georgetown estate that served as the site of the planning of the UN Security Council. Dumbarton Oaks
21 years after its formation the government enacted its namesake Liquidation Act, providing for the transfer of its duties to other government agencies Reconstruction Finance Corporation (accept early RFC)
It would serve different duties than originally intended as two-thirds of its disbursements were funneled toward national defense, particularly during World War II Reconstruction Finance Corporation (accept early RFC)
Under the chairmanship of Jessie Jones, it was directed to lend money to banks, railroads, insurance companies, and building and loan associations Reconstruction Finance Corporation (accept early RFC)
Disbanded in 1957 and created in 1932, FTP, name this subsidiary of the National Recovery Administration that was abbreviated RFC. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (accept early RFC)
His first military experience had come fighting against the Cherokee, but his best-known exploits began after the surrender of General Benjamin Lincoln Francis Marion
Congress officially thanked him for rescuing soldiers trapped at Parker's Ferry, which was a similar deed to his rescue of Nathaniel Greene at Eutaw Springs Francis Marion
Following the Revolutionary War, he parlayed his fame into a seat in the South Carolina Senate for eight years Francis Marion
FTP, name this American military leader, whose guerilla tactics earned him the nickname "Swamp Fox." Francis Marion
Only one of them, William Hashka, is known to have been killed on site Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
Luckily they were supported by many locals, including Chief of Police Pelham Glassford, who refused to take action against them Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
The Patman Bill was written as a result of their complaints, but it failed to pass in the Senate Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
Led by Walter W Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
Waters, they set up tents along the Anacostia River before forces under Perry L Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
Miles attacked them Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
Congress paid them $100,000 to disperse, far below what they were seeking for Adjusted Compensation certificates voted to World War I veterans Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
FTP, name this 1932 march on Washington D.C Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
by veterans seeking early payment of wartime bonuses. Bonus Army or Bonus Expeditionary Force
A tribunal of arbitrators, that included neutral balance from Italy, Switzerland, and Brazil met in Geneva and helped in the final settlement regarding it Alabama
This was done following negotiations by Hamilton Fish, which allowed for British representation by Alexander J Alabama
Cockburn and U.S Alabama
representation by Charles Francis Adams Alabama
The British agreed to pay $15.5 million dollars in damages despite its destruction at Cherbourg, which occurred because the Kearsarge was able to trap it in port Alabama
Commanded by Raphael Semmes, FTP, identify this most famous Confederate cruiser named after a southern state. Alabama
He signed the bail bond for Jefferson Davis after the Civil War Horace Greeley
In 1838, Thurlow Weed asked him to edit a Whig newspaper to support Seward's campaign for governor, and he went on to fight for emancipation of the slaves, culminating in his "The Prayer of Twenty Millions" editorial Horace Greeley
FTP, identify this politician and editor of the New York Tribune, who unsuccessfully ran for President in 1872. Horace Greeley
He negotiated the Burlingame Treaty with Anson Burlingame, ensuring most favored nation status between the U.S William Seward
and China William Seward
By allying himself with Thurlow Weed he was able to gain the support of the newly formed Whig party and soon gained the governorship of New York from 1839 to 1843 William Seward
While recovering from a carriage accident, he was stabbed in the neck by Lewis Powell the same night his boss was killed William Seward
FTP, identify this man, Lincoln's Secretary of State, best known for his purchase of Alaska. William Seward
At one point he found himself on trial for bribing a juror in a case involving the bombing of the Los Angeles Times Building Clarence Darrow
His professional experiences resulted in a couple of successful novels including An Eye for an Eye and Farmington Clarence Darrow
At various times, his partners included the unusual combination of Edgar Lee Masters and John Peter Altgeld Clarence Darrow
FTP, name this man who saved Big Bill Heywood's skin, blistered William Jennings Bryan at the Scopes trial, and saved Leopold and Loeb from the death penalty. Clarence Darrow
His country estate, Anadalusia, hosted literary salons and he edited Portfolio the country's first literary magazine, yet he is better known for writing legislation Nicholas Biddle
A former minister to England, he served four years as a senator from Pennsylvania until President Monroe commissioned him to compile a digest of foreign legislation affecting trade Nicholas Biddle
At this point he gained his most well known position from which he sponsored such policies as restraining credit to state institutions and regulating the money supply Nicholas Biddle
FTP identify this Jacksonian antagonist and president of the second bank of the United States. Nicholas Biddle
Its origin was in the "Sleepy Lagoon Case," in which a young man was found comatose in a reservoir and over 300 youths were rounded up and 23 arrested for the crime despite the lack of any direct evidence Zoot Suit Riot
A year later, rumors of the case and a reported crime spree caused by young "Pachucos," prompted hundreds of soldiers and sailors to leave Chavez Ravine radar base and begin terrorizing the streets of East Los Angeles, attacking and beating Mexican- and A Zoot Suit Riot
FTP, name this disturbance, named for the distinctive garb the young victims wore, the subject of a hit song by the Cherry Poppin' Daddies. Zoot Suit Riot
For unknown reasons his mastery of French at the age of 14 got him an appointment as interpreter and secretary to Francis Dana, U.S John Quincy Adams
envoy to Russia John Quincy Adams
His later travels were the subject of his Letters to Silesia, though he had already gained note as Publicola, a journalistic supporter of France over Britain John Quincy Adams
His work continued with the setting the groundwork for Rush-Bagot after he had headed negotiations at Ghent John Quincy Adams
Known as "Old Man Eloquent," he died in 1848 on the floor of Congress John Quincy Adams
FTP, name this man who served as a Representative after serving, from 1825 to 1829, as the sixth president of the United States. John Quincy Adams
It has nothing to do with the Oregon Trail but was the subject of an 1851 book by Francis Parkman Pontiac's Conspiracy or Pontiac's Rebellion or Pontiac's War (accept equivalents)
Niagara and Ligonier were two of the four sites that did not fall, though eight others were taken successfuly Pontiac's Conspiracy or Pontiac's Rebellion or Pontiac's War (accept equivalents)
Of the important objectives the bloodiest was Mackinaw, where the entire garrison was killed Pontiac's Conspiracy or Pontiac's Rebellion or Pontiac's War (accept equivalents)
It hinged upon all attacks taking place upon an auspicious day in early May and galvanized support as far south as the Gulf of Mexico Pontiac's Conspiracy or Pontiac's Rebellion or Pontiac's War (accept equivalents)
Though initially a success, its leader was forced to capitulate at Oswego in 1766 Pontiac's Conspiracy or Pontiac's Rebellion or Pontiac's War (accept equivalents)
FTP, name this Indian revolt, named for the Ottawa chief in Michigan who organized it. Pontiac's Conspiracy or Pontiac's Rebellion or Pontiac's War (accept equivalents)
A bankruptcy bill sponsored by this man and another representative was passed in 1934 as part of the New Deal, but the Supreme Court later dismissed it without revisions William Lemke
He served his state of North Dakota twice as a representative from 1933-1950, with an interruption for an unsuccessful Senate run in 1940 William Lemke
With Gerald Smith, Francis Townsend, and Charles Coughlin, he founded a political party which dissolved in 1939 William Lemke
FTP, name this 1936 presidential nominee who ran on the Union party ticket. William Lemke
As Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton wrote four treatises containing his suggestions on how to get the United States on a sound fiscal footing Report on Manufactures
This fourth report presented to Congress on December 5, 1791 was the longest and arguably most far-sighted of Hamilton's writings Report on Manufactures
Not surprisingly, its suggestions went unheeded by most people at the time Report on Manufactures
FTP, name this work in which Alexander Hamilton advocates the development of American industry through the use of tariffs and other protective laws. Report on Manufactures
William Backhouse continued his family's practice of investing in New York real estate but was so stung but accusations that he was a "slum lord" that he attempted to renovate some of the older tenements Astor
William Waldorf served for a time as U.S Astor
ambassador to Italy, but later became a British subject and viscount Astor
His cousin, who shared his name with the family patriarch, built several notable hotels but is best remembered for his gallantry in perishing with the "Titanic." His great-grandfather, John Jacob, established this family dynasty by making a fortune in th Astor
FTP, name this notable family. Astor
On the campaign trail, reporters accidentally transposed his first and middle names, a mistake he never corrected Lewis Wendell Willkie or Wendell Lewis Willkie
While chairman of 20th Century Fox film corporation, he authored One World, a plea for international cooperation and activism Lewis Wendell Willkie or Wendell Lewis Willkie
Previously, as a lawyer for Southern and Commonwealth, and later as President of a utilities holding company, he led the legal claims against the Tennessee Valley authority Lewis Wendell Willkie or Wendell Lewis Willkie
A former democrat, his support for business enterprise and effective criticism of the New Deal attracted widespread grass roots support and catapulted him onto his party's national ticket Lewis Wendell Willkie or Wendell Lewis Willkie
FTP, name this unsuccessful Republican nominee for President in 1940. Lewis Wendell Willkie or Wendell Lewis Willkie
He would have been elected President if he had only received 4,000 additional votes in California, but he was unable to win the support of Governor Hiram Johnson Charles Evans Hughes
In 1884, he received the highest score ever given on the bar examination in New York, and he went on to write opinions in Stromberg v Charles Evans Hughes
California and Near v Charles Evans Hughes
Minnesota, as well as to lead the opposition to Roosevelt's court-packing scheme, in his time on the Supreme Court Charles Evans Hughes
FTP, identify this governor of New York, secretary of state, and Chief Justice. Charles Evans Hughes
Twice, it drew enough votes to change the outcome of the Ohio gubernatorial race, behind Leicester King Liberty Party
In New Hampshire, John P Liberty Party
Hale was elected to the U.S Liberty Party
Senate under the banner of this party, and in 1844, it tipped the presidential scales against Henry Clay behind a ticket of Thomas Morris and James G Liberty Party
Birney Liberty Party
FTP, name this party which was formed in 1839 by a group of moderates who broke from William Lloyd Garrison's American Anti-Slavery Society, only to be supplanted in the 1848 election by the Free Soil Party. Liberty Party
After John Neville had his house surrounded, his men killed Oliver Miller, touching off this incident Whiskey Rebellion
The next day saw the shooting death of John McFarlane, which when coupled with a lack of cooperation from Governor Thomas Mifflin, resulted in a national crisis Whiskey Rebellion
It temporarily interrupted the political career of "Light-Horse" Harry Lee, who was given the military command and ordered to end it Whiskey Rebellion
The primary cause of the incident was Alexander Hamilton's excise tax passed into law three years earlier Whiskey Rebellion
Quashed by George Washington, FTP, identify this 1794 revolt in western Pennsylvania caused by dissatisfaction with a certain liquor tax. Whiskey Rebellion
It was used during the Rebellions of 1837 to take men and supplies to William Lyon Mackenzie's camp on Navy Island the Caroline Affair
On the night of December 29, a small party of loyal militia crossed the Niagara River, seized the ship, removed its crew, and set it on fire the Caroline Affair
It sank in the river above the Falls, and one American life was lost the Caroline Affair
The incident was much exaggerated by Mackenzie in order to build up American support for his rebellion the Caroline Affair
FTP identify this Affair named after the burned ship which escalated tensions until the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. the Caroline Affair
Trained as a gunsmith, he apprenticed under a jeweler, before opening a business as a miniature painter and hair worker Robert Fulton
After earning enough money to buy his mother a farm, he moved to England in 1786 to study painting under Benjamin West, but instead became an engineer Robert Fulton
Employed by both the British and French navies, he returned to America after the battle of Trafalgar, where he launched a floating fortress in New York harbor Robert Fulton
FTP, identify this designer of the submarine Nautilus, and steamboat Clermont. Robert Fulton
The victors in this battle failed to follow up with an assault on Dorchester Heights, rendering their previous efforts pointless Bunker Hill (accept Breed's Hill until the end)
Israel Putnum held the namesake location, but the fighting revolved around a nearby spot ordered fortified by General Artemis Ward Bunker Hill (accept Breed's Hill until the end)
William Howe then led a series of assaults on the colonial forces, and after three days of heavy losses took the field, but only after colonial ammunition ran so low that Colonel William Prescott ordered his troops not to fire until they saw the whites of Bunker Hill (accept Breed's Hill until the end)
FTP, what was this 1775 battle actually fought at Breed's Hill? Bunker Hill (accept Breed's Hill until the end)
He had affairs with wives of his generals Gates and Biddle and may have caught a fatal chill leaving the house of a mistress George Washington
He refused to visit France because he couldn't master the language and inherited a plantation named after his brother Lawrence's commander against the Spanish in the West Indies, Admiral Vernon George Washington
FTP, name this man, the first president of the U.S. George Washington
Jonas Caldwell, Patrick Carr, Samuel Gray, and Samuel Maverick were among the victims the Boston Massacre
Robert Treat Paine led the prosecution, but failed to win the conviction of Thomas Preston and four other men represented by Josiah Quincy and John Adams-despite enflamed public opinion resulting, in part, from Paul Revere's depiction of the event the Boston Massacre
For 10 points-name this skirmish of March 1770, in which Crispus Attucks and four other men were killed by British soldiers. the Boston Massacre
Early in this work the author considers a scenario in which a small group of people has been placed on an island and cut off from society, forcing them to create their own government Common Sense
Following this, the author attacks the unnatural state of a monarchy and the undesired effects of a hereditary succession system, as well as the complexities and absurdities in the English constitution, finally concluding that it is time for the colonies Common Sense
FTP, what is this pamphlet which helped to provoke the American Revolution, written by Thomas Paine? Common Sense
The efforts of Edwin Sandys were greatly responsible for its formation House of Burgesses
Originally consisting of 14 members, it soon expanded to 22 members who conducted business under the guidance of secretary John Pory House of Burgesses
Originally established by George Yeardley, it governed alone during the Puritan Revolution, and consisted of two representatives from each settlement House of Burgesses
FTP, what was this Virginia colonial assembly, the first elective governing body in the colonies? House of Burgesses
He personally killed 29 men and had 30 horses shot out from under him, prompting him to declare, "I finished a horse ahead." During the Civil War, he rose from private to lieutenant general, taking part in the defense of Fort Donelson and constantly raid Nathan Bedford Forrest
Known for his bravery and such bright observations as "get there first with the most men," he is widely reviled for his assault on Fort Pillow, where his troops executed some 300 surrendering black soldiers, women, and children Nathan Bedford Forrest
FTP, name this Confederate soldier, who later acted as the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. Nathan Bedford Forrest
For a short time commander of chief in Ireland starting in 1782, his play, The Maid of the Oaks, was performed in honor of William Howe and his mistress, Mrs John Burgoyne
Loring, but was not nearly as successful as The Heiress John Burgoyne
While a military commander, his immense baggage train consisted mostly of champagne, and hindered his troops as they tried to link up with St John Burgoyne
Leger and Howe in Albany after taking Fort Ticonderoga in July of 1777, leading to his defeat by Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold John Burgoyne
FTP, identify this British major general who surrendered at Saratoga. John Burgoyne
Officially known as "Armored Cruiser #1", it was summoned to its final destination by Consul Fitzhugh Lee USS Maine
Captained by Charles Sigsbee, a 1976 investigation by Admiral Rickover contradicted the conclusion of the earlier Sampson Board of Inquiry by holding that the cause of its demise was most likely a coal burner fire rather than an externally caused explosio USS Maine
At the time the largest ship ever to enter Havana harbor, FTP, remember this battleship whose 1898 sinking propelled the Spanish-American War. USS Maine
In 1807 he married his cousin Hannah Hoes, and later served two terms in the state senate before becoming a US Senator in 1821, during which time he formed the Albany Regency political machine Martin Van Buren
After John Quincy Adams's election as President, he helped form the new Democratic Party, and in 1828 gave up the governorship of New York to become Secretary of State Martin Van Buren
The 1848 presidential candidate of the Free-Soil Party, he had won earlier on a ticket with Richard Mentor Johnson, but was cost reelection by the Panic of 1837 Martin Van Buren
Known as the "Little Magician", FTP name this successor to Andrew Jackson. Martin Van Buren
One of the major causes of the tension preceding it was the trampling of native corn fields by livestock belonging to colonists King Philip's War
Sparked when Josiah Winslow took Wamsutta by gun point shortly after the murder of John Sassamon, fighting broke out in the town of Swansea, and it ended the next year after its leader died while fighting a force lead by Benjamin Church King Philip's War
FTP, name this 1675-76 Massachusetts war drawing its name from the English name for the leader of the revolting Wampanoag, Metacom. King Philip's War
Death by hanging was the sentence handed down by Judge Joseph Gary to seven of eight men brought to trial over this incident Haymarket Square Riot
Matthias Degan and seven others died from a related incident stemming from demonstrations on Randolph Street for an eight-hour workday Haymarket Square Riot
Nine fatalities resulted from this event, one of which was a shooting death taking place in front of the McCormick Harvester Plant Haymarket Square Riot
Three surviving convicts were pardoned by Governor John Altgeld in 1893 for want of a fair trial Haymarket Square Riot
FTP, name this riot of May 4, 1876 in which a bomb thrown by anarchists in a Chicago Plaza was used to discredit the Knights of Labor. Haymarket Square Riot
In this battle, the opposing commanders set up camp on opposite sides of the Montmorency River Battle of Quebec (accept Plains of Abraham until mentioned)
On July 30, grenadiers crossed Orleans Island and attempted to row towards the city, but were halted by submerged rocks and cut down while attempting to cross the Beauport Shore Battle of Quebec (accept Plains of Abraham until mentioned)
After relocating to Point Levis, the British general found a narrow, hidden path, which he used to secretly disembark 4,000 men on September 12, making possible the charge by Wolfe's men across the Plains of Abraham Battle of Quebec (accept Plains of Abraham until mentioned)
FTP, name this decisive 1759 British victory of the French and Indian War that saw the taking of a strategic site on the St Battle of Quebec (accept Plains of Abraham until mentioned)
Lawrence River and the death's of Wolfe and Montcalm. Battle of Quebec (accept Plains of Abraham until mentioned)
A one-time employee at the U.S Fiorello Henry LaGuardia
consulate in Budapest and interpreter for Ellis Island, he was elected to the House of Representatives in 1916 and, after serving as a fighter pilot in World War I, was returned to the House in 1918 Fiorello Henry LaGuardia
Director of Civilian Defense during WWII, his most significant legislative effort consisted of his co-sponsorship of an act which freed members of labor unions from "yellow-dog" contracts and from court injunctions of private labor disputes Fiorello Henry LaGuardia
As part of the "Fusion" party ticket he was elected to his most famous post in 1933, gaining a reputation for honesty and reform Fiorello Henry LaGuardia
Known as the "Little Flower", FTP, name this long-time mayor of New York city, whose aviation connections were reinforced by the construction of the airport named for him. Fiorello Henry LaGuardia
Warned at midnight of the approach of the enemy, Captain John Parker assembled his company of 130 men and awaited further developments while keeping warm at the Buckman Tavern Battle of Lexington
Consequently, when six companies of regulars under Major John Pitcairn finally arrived at dawn, only one-half of Parker's force was assembled Battle of Lexington
Parker was in the process of ordering a withdrawal when firing started, and after a volley and a British bayonet charge, eight Minutemen were left dead and ten were wounded, while only one British soldier was wounded Battle of Lexington
FTP, what was this brief April 19, 1775 battle, after which the Redcoats were defeated at Concord? Battle of Lexington
He was Speaker of the House from 1835 to 1839 and later Governor of Tennessee James K. Polk
As president, he established the nation's first independent treasury and oversaw the admission of three new states, including Wisconsin and Iowa James K. Polk
The first "dark horse" candidate, he secured the Democratic nomination over Martin Van Buren and defeated Henry Clay for president James K. Polk
For ten points, name this 11th president who oversaw the Oregon Treaty of 1846 and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. James K. Polk
It lasted a little over a month, and at one point saw soldiers hold a mock session of the state legislature, repealing ordinances passed by the officials who had just fled Milledgeville Sherman's March to the Sea (accept early answer of Sherman's Georgia Campaign)
Hugh Kilpatrick led the cavalry, while the left and right wings were headed by Henry Slocum and Oliver Howard Sherman's March to the Sea (accept early answer of Sherman's Georgia Campaign)
Opposed only by the ineffectual raiding of Joe Wheeler, it inflicted damages amounting to $100 million while taking Sandersville, Louisville, Millen, and finally Savannah, which was then offered as a Chrismas present to Lincoln Sherman's March to the Sea (accept early answer of Sherman's Georgia Campaign)
Beginning with the burning of Atlanta, FTP, what was this 1864 campaign in which Georgia was decimated by William Sherman? Sherman's March to the Sea (accept early answer of Sherman's Georgia Campaign)
Early in his life this man served as teacher of ancient languages and literature at what would become Hiram College, where he soon served as president James A. Garfield
During the Civil War he led the 42nd Ohio volunteers, distinguishing himself with his heroics at Chickamauga, but resigned to become a radical Rupublican in the House of Representatives James A. Garfield
As campaign manager to John Sherman, he was nominated for president as a compromise candidate, defeating Winfield Scott Hancock James A. Garfield
FTP, who was this president who in 1881 was assassinated by Charles Guiteau? James A. Garfield
This decision was unanimously extended in Argersinger v Gideon v. Wainwright
Hamlin Gideon v. Wainwright
Writing for the majority, Justice Black stated that the court was "returning to old precedents" in deciding the fate of a man convicted of intent to break and enter a poolroom Gideon v. Wainwright
Swayed by the arguments of the plaintiff's lawyer, Abe Fortas, the court ruled 9-0 that the 6th and 14th Amendments required the abandonment of the precedent of Betts v Gideon v. Wainwright
Brady Gideon v. Wainwright
FTP, what was this 1963 case which guaranteed counsel for defendants in felony cases? Gideon v. Wainwright
This battle was preceded by the desertion of Walk-in-the-Water and his followers, while during the battle the British commander escaped to Burlington Heights, where he was reprimanded for cowardice Battle of the Thames (or Moraviantown)
Using information gathered by Colonel Wood, the Americans made a last minute change to their plans, ordering a cavalry charge led by Richard M Battle of the Thames (or Moraviantown)
Johnson Battle of the Thames (or Moraviantown)
After Henry Proctor's retreat, the Native Americans fought valiantly until the death of their leader, Tecumseh Battle of the Thames (or Moraviantown)
FTP, what was this decisive War of 1812 victory for William Henry Harrison which shares its name with a British river? Battle of the Thames (or Moraviantown)
Early in his career this man served as a brigadier general in the Philippines and as a military instructor at the University of Nebraska, while from 1921-24 he served as Army chief of staff (John or) Jack Pershing
Greatly influencing U.S (John or) Jack Pershing
WWI policy with his "General Organization Report", he gained his nickname from his command of buffalo soldiers (John or) Jack Pershing
During WWI he successfully conducted the assault on Saint-Mihiel and aided in the Meuse-Argonne offensive while maintaining the independence of U.S (John or) Jack Pershing
forces (John or) Jack Pershing
FTP, who was this commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, known as "Black Jack"? (John or) Jack Pershing
Early on, reference is made to the "urgency of now", arguing that it is "no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism" I Have a Dream
Earlier, the speaker holds that the founding fathers were in effect signing a promissory note to all Americans, but that some had been given bad checks which have come back marked "insufficient funds" I Have a Dream
Opening with a reference to an event occurring "five score years ago", its most famous section is found near the end, when the speaker tells of his hope that people will soon sit together at the table of brotherhood on the red hills of Georgia, that the s I Have a Dream
FTP, what was this 1963 speech by Martin Luther King? I Have a Dream
Early skirmishing in this battle occurred between Union forces and the Confederate cavalry on the Springfield Pike before sustained action began around Peter's Hill Perryville
Although the Union failed to reinforce General McCook's beseiged forces due to the presence of an "acoustic shadow" which prevented knowledge of the fighting, the Union forces under Buell were eventually victorious, forcing Braxton Bragg to retreat into T Perryville
FTP, what was this October 8, 1862 battle, which left Kentucky under Union control? Perryville
It was repudiated by the Clark memorandum of 1928, while an earlier proposal to amend it by Calvo was modified by the Drago Doctrine and Porter Amendment to apply it to foreign debt Monroe Doctrine
First given its current name in 1852, Olney modified it to assert US sovereignty on the continent, while Lodge used it to discourage sale of strategic land Monroe Doctrine
Prompted by both a minor clash with Russia in the northwest and the desire to oppose the Holy Alliance, it was most famously altered by the Roosevelt Corollary Monroe Doctrine
FTP, what was this 1823 doctrine calling for an end to European intervention in the Americas? Monroe Doctrine
The early leader Matthew Davis guided the shift of this group's activities away from its early emphasis on parade marches and drinking parties in Martling's Tavern Tammany Hall (or Society of St. Tammany) (DO NOT ACCEPT Tweed Ring)
Later, Richard Croker sought to reverse the reforms which had made it an efficient, autocratic organization Tammany Hall (or Society of St. Tammany) (DO NOT ACCEPT Tweed Ring)
Originally founded in 1789 by William Mooney as a patriotic organization with an elaborate Indian ritual, it gained great power with the election of Fernando Wood as mayor of New York, but soon experienced a reversal in fortunes due to an expose of its gr Tammany Hall (or Society of St. Tammany) (DO NOT ACCEPT Tweed Ring)
FTP, what was this group that has frequently controlled New York politics, most famously headed by Wiliam Tweed? Tammany Hall (or Society of St. Tammany) (DO NOT ACCEPT Tweed Ring)
Samuel Liebowitz led the defense, which was aided by two successful Supreme Court appeals by Ozie Powell and Clarence Norris, the latter of which eventually fled to Michigan, which refused to extradite him Scottsboro boys
Roy Wright was the only one not sentenced to death, despite the retracted testimony of Ruby Bates Scottsboro boys
Led by Haywood Patterson, FTP, who were these nine African-Americans accused of raping two Alabama girls, whose unfair trials became a symbol for American racism? Scottsboro boys
His 1904 book "Presidental Problems" was a defense of his second term in office, during which he gained the nickname "the Great Obstructionist" Grover Cleveland
Getting his start as sheriff and public executioner of Oneida County, New York, he went on to become the so-called "veto mayor" of Buffalo, and he famously feuded with John Kelly of Tammany Hall and allied himself with a young Teddy Roosevelt as governor Grover Cleveland
Defeating Blaine for the presidency, he first term saw him marry his former ward Francis Folsom and repeatedly veto pork-barrel legislation, while in his second term he opposed the Sherman Silver Purchase Act and threatened war with Britain over the Venez Grover Cleveland
FTP, who was this president whose two terms were interrupted by the presidency of Benjamin Harrison? Grover Cleveland
This politician's early and unexpected death was partly due to his acceptance of Lincoln's request that he travel to the south and northwest to rouse Union sentiments in the face of the Civil War Stephen Douglas
Known as the "Little Giant", as chairman of the Committee on Territories in the U.S Stephen Douglas
Senate he was at the forefront of the slavery question, addressing it with his concept of "popular sovereignty", which he was able to implement in the Kansas-Nebraska Act Stephen Douglas
To address the Dred Scot decision, he developed his controversial Freeport Doctrine during his famed series of debates with Abraham Lincoln in 1858 Stephen Douglas
FTP, who was this Democrat who went on to lose the 1860 presidential election? Stephen Douglas
They frequently met at Catamount Tavern, and included such leaders as Seth Warner and John Stark, who led them to victory at Bennington Green Mountain Boys
Originally gaining prominence in a skirmish with militia which ended with them whipping the militia with birch rods, they sought to preserve the New Hampshire Grants by opposing speculators from New York, but later took an active role in the American Revo Green Mountain Boys
FTP, what was this Vermont group led by Ethan Allen? Green Mountain Boys
He joined the 23rd Ohio Regiment at the outset of the Civil War and emerged a major general of a respected volunteer group Rutherford B. Hayes
He came into his most famous office after serving as governor of Ohio from 1868-72 Rutherford B. Hayes
He firmly supported his Secretary of the Treasury John Sherman in his efforts to give Civil War greenback dollars backing in gold, and the Bland-Allison Act had to be passed over his veto Rutherford B. Hayes
Embroiled in the election controversy of 1876, FTP, identify this 19th president of the U.S Rutherford B. Hayes
who won after a Congressional commission picked him over Samuel Tilden. Rutherford B. Hayes
In 1866 they planned to stage a five-pronged attack from Chicago, Milwaukee, Buffalo, Vermont, and the St Fenian Brotherhood
Lawrence River Fenian Brotherhood
However, the Canadians were prepared for the invasion and recruits did not flock to the green flag as expected, causing the expeditions to quickly collapse Fenian Brotherhood
Aiming to capture Canada, and then to force the British government to exchange it for Irish Independence, FTP, name this organization lead by John O'Mahony, also known as the American Wing of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Fenian Brotherhood
On the losing side, the only good account was given by the Highlanders under Major Archibald MacArthur Battle of Cowpens
The winner's center was decisively anchored by 80 cavalrymen of the 3rd Dragoons led by William Washington, who was just one of the subcommanders occupying an excellent defensive position south of the Broad River Battle of Cowpens
This ground proved disastrous to an overconfident Banastre Tarleton, whose forces fell to those of Dan Morgan's Battle of Cowpens
FTP, name this early 1781 battle, the turning point in the southern theater of the Revolutionary War. Battle of Cowpens
Justice Samuel Miller rendered the majority decision against the plaintiffs arguing that states still retained legal jurisdiction over citizens and that federal protection of civil rights did not extend to the property rights of businessmen Slaughterhouse cases
Thus the 14th amendment could not be used as a defense against the Louisiana state legislature's granting of a monopoly in, FTP, what 1873 decision precipitated by and named for the site where butchers plied their trade. Slaughterhouse cases
Despite Circuit Court judge James Platt's dismissal of this case, it reached the high court three years later Danbury Hatters' Case or Loewe v. Lawlor
Though the litigant had initially named the locales of Bethel and Norwalk in the suit, another town would come to the forefront after the AFL was dropped as a defendant Danbury Hatters' Case or Loewe v. Lawlor
Once it was ruled that the Sherman Act had been violated, a powerful national union was rebuked Danbury Hatters' Case or Loewe v. Lawlor
FTP, name this decision which vindicated D.E Danbury Hatters' Case or Loewe v. Lawlor
Loewe in his action against the namesake union in Connecticut and which was reached in 1908. Danbury Hatters' Case or Loewe v. Lawlor
In the early 1850's, 12 members of this party held the balance of power in the House of Representatives Free-Soil Party
Their 1852 presidential candidate, John P Free-Soil Party
Hale, received five percent of the vote Free-Soil Party
Made up of anti-slavery "Conscience" Whigs and Barnburners, in 1848 they held their convention at Buffalo and nominated a former president as their standard-bearer Free-Soil Party
FTP, name this anti-slavery party that ran Martin Van Buren in 1848. Free-Soil Party
Its namesake was elected after a resignation by Simon Cameron Wilmot Proviso
William Yancey's development of the "Alabama Platform" was formed in response to this amendment, which was ratified twice in the house, but the senate refused to impose its restrictions on President Polk's Army appropriation bill for lands acquired from M Wilmot Proviso
FTP identify this congressional proposal of August 8, 1846, named after a senator from Pennsylvania. Wilmot Proviso
Charles O'Connor was caught attempting to fill the lining of his coat, but George Hewes threatened him with death before sending him out of town Boston Tea Party
Although there was fear of an attack by Admiral Montagu at any moment, the plan which had begun at South Meeting House was completed at Griffin's Wharf in the presence of the Beaver, the Dartmouth, and the Eleanor Boston Tea Party
FTP, identify this event of 1773 which responded to George III's tax on Ceylon and Darjeeling. Boston Tea Party
Its stipulation requiring officers to deny any Communist affiliation under oath was indicative of the political climate when this law was enacted Taft-Hartley Act
Passed over a presidential veto and named after a Representative from New Jersey and a Senator from Ohio, it outlawed the closed shop, and required unions to give 60 days notice before a strike, though the Landrum-Griffin Act would set even further restri Taft-Hartley Act
FTP identify this legislation also known as The Labor Relations Act of 1947. Taft-Hartley Act
His story is told in a text by Francis Parkman and he was assassinated by Black Dog, a member of the Peoria tribe, three years after the treaty at Oswego, New York Pontiac
Establishing relations with the British upon meeting Robert Rogers, at first he acknowledged George III as an uncle, but decided to move against the new settlers by consolidating neighboring tribes Pontiac
He managed to score a brilliant victory at Bloody Run, but When Detroit did not fall he retreated to the Maumee River Pontiac
FTP identify this Ottawa Indian chief the namesake of a conflict fought between 1763 and 1764. Pontiac
Named after an unsuccessful Federalist candidate for vice-president, although Hector Carondelet had proved resistant, it was at last negotiated with Manuel de Godoy and guaranteed tax-free deposit of goods at New Orleans, a restraint of Indian tribes, and Thomas Pinckney's treaty
FTP identify this treaty that fixed the Southern boundary of the U.S Thomas Pinckney's treaty
at 31 degrees North latitude a 1795 triumph for the U.S Thomas Pinckney's treaty
minister to Britain and son of Charles Cotesworth. Thomas Pinckney's treaty
The first were called a "Journey of Reconciliation" and were designed to test the 1946 decision in the Irene Morgan case the freedom rides
They began again in 1961 and after one of the vehicles was firebombed, Alabama governor John Patterson called it a foolish venture, but James Farmer's organization's goal of getting to New Orleans by bus would not be denied, and eventually Robert Kennedy the freedom rides
FTP identify these moving demonstrations against segregated interstate travel which were led by the Congress of Racial Equality. the freedom rides
At his request a newspaper published his obituary in advance so that he might enjoy public reaction Phineas Taylor Barnum
He served as mayor of Bridgeport, the same city where he made his home in the oriental mansion Iranistan Phineas Taylor Barnum
He first gained fame by purchasing Scudder's American Museum and displaying such curiosities as the Feejee mermaid, the dwarf Charles Stratton, and the Siamese twins Chang and Eng Phineas Taylor Barnum
But he is probably most famous for his championing of Jenny Lind and his partnership with James Bailey with whom he displayed an elephant named Jumbo Phineas Taylor Barnum
FTP identify this American showman who popularized the circus as "the greatest show on earth." Phineas Taylor Barnum
His failure was exacerbated by the arrests of Peter Toyas and Mingo Harth, though neither of these men was as influential as Gullah Jack in helping to plan an event that would take place on Bastille Day Denmark Vesey
Originally known as Telemaque, recent scholarship disputes his Virgin Islands birth, but the fact that he bought his own freedom after winning the Charleston lottery is still supported Denmark Vesey
FTP identify this carpenter whose reading of inflammatory abolitionist statements at the African Methodist Episcopal may have galvanized as many as 9000 blacks to rebel in 1822. Denmark Vesey
Originally trained as a pharmacist, he moved into politics eventually and served as Franklin Delano Roosevelt's campaign manager for his home state in 1944 Hubert H. Humphrey
One of his early political successes was overseeing the merger of his state's Democratic and Farmer-Labor parties in the mid 1940's Hubert H. Humphrey
He first rose to national prominence when he gave a speech supporting civil rights at the 1948 Democratic convention while still mayor of Minneapolis Hubert H. Humphrey
FTP, name this long-time senator from Minnesota and vice-president under Lyndon Johnson. Hubert H. Humphrey
The first version of this act adequately addressed the concerns of western debtors, clearing the House of Representatives the year 14 Greenback-Labor representatives took office Bland-Allison Act
Its failure in the Senate prompted an Iowa senator to restrict the amount of the amount of raw material to be purchased to 2 to 4 million dollars worth Bland-Allison Act
It was hindered by President Hayes' decision never to buy the full amount of bullion permitted, and its failure to alleviate debts from the Panic of '73 led to an 1890 replacement, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act Bland-Allison Act
FTP, name this act of 1878, passed to allow the United States Treasury to coin free silver. Bland-Allison Act
Fatalities from the violence were estimated at over 1000, and there was $2 million in property damage, including the Colored Orphan Asylum draft riots
Military detachments from West Point and Pennsylvania finally restored order on July 16, 1863 draft riots
Blacks were primarily targeted because they were blamed for the war, while the perpetrators consists mainly of poor Irish immigrants draft riots
Name this outbreak of civil unrest in New York City that was sparked, FTP, by the passage of the Enrollment Act.. draft riots
It began shortly after 4:30 p.m Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
on 25 March 1911 in the Asch building at the northwest corner of Washington and Greene streets, in the cutting room on the eighth floor Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
The owners, Isaac Harris and Max Blanck, were tried for manslaughter but were acquitted Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
A total of 146 women, mostly Jewish immigrants, died in less than 15 minutes because they were prevented from leaving by the locked doors Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
FTP, name this worst factory fire in the history of New York City. Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
The son-in-law and former law clerk of Thomas Jefferson, in 1833 this man was made US Consul to Havana though his career was ruined when baseless allegations surfaced that he was profiting from the Atlantic slave trade and bribed to overlook infractions, Nicholas Trist
Managing to hold on to a position of chief clerk in the State Department, he wrecked his career again in 1848, when he negotiated a treaty of which he was deeply ashamed to prevent a conquered nation from losing its sovereignty despite orders from Preside Nicholas Trist
FTP name this man, who engineered an exacting but comparatively generous peace in the Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo. Nicholas Trist
Her magazine published the first English translation of The Communist Manifesto Victoria Woodhull
Deeply influenced by "Pantarchy," a utopic theory espoused by Stephen Andrews, she published series of articles in the New York Herald collected as Origin, Tendencies, and Principles of Government Victoria Woodhull
After being backed by Vanderbilt she and her sister Tennessee became stockbrokers, but she gained notoriety for a speech on woman's suffrage made in front of the US judiciary committee in 1871, and a year later she broke away from Susan B Anthony and join Victoria Woodhull
FTP identify this woman born with the last name Claflin, the first to run for president. Victoria Woodhull
On St George W. Norris
Patrick's Day of 1910, this congressman introduced a motion to have the whole house appoint the rules committee: when it passed, Speaker Joe Cannon resigned George W. Norris
This, along with a filibuster against the 1917 Armed Ship Bill got a place in JFK's Profiles in Courage George W. Norris
Nicknamed the "Fighting Liberal" he crossed party lines backing Al Smith in 1928 and advocating the building of power dams at Muscle Shoals, Ala George W. Norris
and elsewhere on the Tennessee River George W. Norris
FTP, identify this progressive Nebraska Republican, co-author of the 1932 anti-injunction act with Fiorello LaGuardia. George W. Norris
Its casualties on the winning side amounted to about 600 dead and 12 burned settlements, although they still remembered it as extremely bloody King Philip's War
It was named for a son of Massasoit who killed a man who had informed on him to the settlers, thus starting a series of reprisals King Philip's War
The Narragansetts were nearly wiped out along with the Nipmucks in, for 10 points, what series of raids and reprisals in 1675-76 that was named for the chief of the Wampanoag Indians? King Philip's War
It was written in response to Peter Soule's failure to obtain its goal peaceably Ostend Manifesto
Secretary of State William Marcy instructed James Buchanan and John Mason to meet with Soule to discuss the situation Ostend Manifesto
The three met in Belgium and produced the proposal Ostend Manifesto
It was leaked, however, and the Republicans used it to attack the South since it sought to increase the amount of U.S Ostend Manifesto
slave territory Ostend Manifesto
FTP, name this document, which demanded that the United States take Cuba by force. Ostend Manifesto
Its second section declared that any company charged with violating it had the burden of proving innocence Clayton Antitrust Act
In light of the Danbury Hatters' Case, it exempted unions from its provisions and other restraint of trade laws, and it formalized the rights of strike, picket, and boycott Clayton Antitrust Act
It prohibited regionalized below-cost sales and interlocking directorates and preceded the Robinson-Patman Act in prohibiting anticompetitive price discrimination Clayton Antitrust Act
FTP, name this industrial law of 1914. Clayton Antitrust Act
It stated: "the sole purpose of a constitution" is "to impose limitations and checks upon the majority South Carolina Exposition and Protest
An unchecked majority, is a despotism..." It argued that a tariff for revenue is the only tariff authorized by the Constitution, and a protective tariff is unconstitutional South Carolina Exposition and Protest
Presented to the legislature of the namesake state in 1828, it articulated the case for nullification South Carolina Exposition and Protest
FTP, name this pamphlet by John Calhoun which opposed the Tariff of Abominations. South Carolina Exposition and Protest
After the bill in question was defeated in Congress, William Waters' attempts at maintaining order up and down the tents and shanties along the Anacostia River fell on deaf ears and tensions rose Bonus Army
Under pressure from local authorities Generals Perry Miles and Douglas MacArthur were called in to drive out the demonstrators resulting in the death of one veteran and the appropriation of 100,000 to appease the protestors Bonus Army
FTP identify this 1932 gathering of WWI veterans who demanded extra payment for wartime services. Bonus Army
Published in Philadelphia's American Daily Advertiser, it served as a public refutation of Jefferson's letter to Phillip Mazzei Washington's Farewell Address
Based on James Madison's 1792 notes, it called for national unity and the creation of "institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge," but excluded mention of founding a National University Washington's Farewell Address
However, the most famous section states that "'tis folly for one nation to look for disinterested favors from another" and should consequently avoid permanent alliance Washington's Farewell Address
FTP, identify this 1796 political testament, drafted by Alexander Hamilton for George Washington. Washington's Farewell Address
A native of Worcester, Massachusetts, she attended Mount Holyoke and received a Master's degree in social work from Columbia University Frances Perkins
As head of the New York City Consumer's League, she became acquainted with Al Smith, and worked for Smith when he became governor in 1919 Frances Perkins
She gained her most fame, however, with Smith's successor, Franklin D Frances Perkins
Roosevelt Frances Perkins
FTP, name this woman tapped by Roosevelt to be his Secretary of Labor in 1933, thereby becoming the first ever woman cabinet member. Frances Perkins
Composed of twelve essays, the tenth details a story of a pair of boots with a pair of snake fangs caught in them and is titled "Of Snakes; and on the Humming-Bird." The ninth one attacks the institution of slavery and is entitled "Description of Charles Letters From an American Farmer
John De Crevecoeur. Letters From an American Farmer
It was the result of the London Board of Trade's fear that the French were courting the Iroquois League, prompting James DeLancey to call the meeting that resulted in this document Albany Plan of Union
Pennsylvania governor James Hamilton revised several of its drafter's "Short Hints" and sent them back to the delegation Albany Plan of Union
Composed of 23 articles, it called for a Crown-appointed President General and a representative Grand Council to administer the affairs of the colonies Albany Plan of Union
Drafted by Benjamin Franklin, FTP, identify this 1754 failed plan of colonial union named after the New York town in which it was written. Albany Plan of Union
Its site was first scouted by W Andersonville Prison or Camp Sumter
Sidney Winder and Boyce Charwick, who noted that the Sweetwater River and the Georgia Southwestern Railroad both served the site Andersonville Prison or Camp Sumter
At its peak it was the fifth largest city in the Confederacy, and its commandant was the only person executed for war crimes committed during the Civil War, despite that he offered to free prisoners unilaterally if they could be guaranteed passage on ship Andersonville Prison or Camp Sumter
FTP, name this Confederate prison camp in which 13,000 soldiers of 45,000 died in captivity, whose commandant was Henry Wirz. Andersonville Prison or Camp Sumter
This conflict was precipitated by the death of Woopigwooit, which caused the separation of the Mohegans Pequot War
Tensions reached a head when trader John Oldham was killed after trying to cheat the participants; in retribution, Massachusetts began raids without telling Connecticut, leaving Connecticut garrisons to be slaughtered by the retaliations, until finally Jo Pequot War
FTP, identify this 1637 conflict between natives and colonists in southwestern New England. Pequot War
It was organized by Francis Preston Blair, who attempted to bring the parties together by suggesting a campaign to oust the French from Mexico Hampton Roads Conference
This conference took place on February 3, and among its attendees were Assistant Secretary of State John Campbell and Senate President Pro Tem Robert M Hampton Roads Conference
T Hampton Roads Conference
Hunter Hampton Roads Conference
Taking place aboard the steamer River Queen, Alexander Stephens repudiated the surrender terms pushed upon the Confederacy by Seward and Lincoln Hampton Roads Conference
FTP, identify this 1865 last-ditch effort to end the Civil War that took place at a battle site in Virginia. Hampton Roads Conference
He was an advocate of prison reform and wrote the tract Our Penal Machinery and Its Victims in 1884 John Peter Altgeld
A staunch supporter of William Jennings Bryan, this member of the Democratic Party served as judge of Cook County before his most famous post, during which he protested to President Cleveland the actions of Attorney General Richard Olney, who sent federal John Peter Altgeld
FTP, identify this man who served as governor of Illinois from 1893-97 and pardoned the anarchists involved in the Haymarket Square Riot. John Peter Altgeld
Justice Powell provided the pivotal fifth vote for this decision, but added a concurrence stating his concern that the statute in question would fail an Eighth Amendment challenge Bowers v. Hardwick (accept either name)
Justice Blackmun's dissent quoted Stanley v Bowers v. Hardwick (accept either name)
Georgia and Katz v Bowers v. Hardwick (accept either name)
U.S Bowers v. Hardwick (accept either name)
to no avail Bowers v. Hardwick (accept either name)
Fourteen years later, the state then defending the constitutionality of its law ruled it incompatible with its own constitution, and the Georgia's attorney general's gubernatorial campaign sputtered on allegations of infidelity Bowers v. Hardwick (accept either name)
FTP, name this controversial 1986 Supreme Court case upholding laws against consensual sodomy. Bowers v. Hardwick (accept either name)
This man served as a legal advisor to Richard Nixon Robert Bork
He served as attorney general until 1974 and as a U.S Robert Bork
Court of Appeals judge from 1982-89 Robert Bork
After Elliot Richardson and William Ruckelshaus resigned over the issue of firing Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, this man, who served as solicitor general, completed the task Robert Bork
He was thrust into the national media in 1987 when his supporters claimed he was the target of an "ideological inquisition" after the Senate rejected his nomination to the Supreme Court Robert Bork
FTP, identify this former Solicitor General of the U.S Robert Bork
during Watergate. Robert Bork
The author of the federal income tax law of 1913, he wrote a 1916 revision of that law that sponsored federal estate tax legislation Cordell Hull
He published his memoirs in 1948, three years after receiving his most famous accolade Cordell Hull
He argued for lower tariffs and non-intervention in Latin America Cordell Hull
This statesman from Tennessee served as a member of the Democratic Steering Committee before being appointed Secretary of State under FDR, during which he advocated the establishment of the United Nations Cordell Hull
FTP, identify this politician and recipient of the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize. Cordell Hull
His death was the subject of p