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psychosocial110

exam1

QuestionAnswer
recovery a journey of healing and transformation enabling a person with mental healthproblem to live a meaningful life in a communityof his or her choice while striving to achieve his or her full potential
client-centered emphasis on client's autonomy and right to choose and/ or interventions based on his or her identified needs for service
procovery attaining a productive and fulfilling life requardless of the level of health assumed attainable
lived experience the subjective experience perception of one's experience of health or illness
photo-voice images and stories that serve as an example of recovery-oriented narratives
hope the expectaion that something desired will occur, important tool in mental health
coping & adaptaion non-linear, complicated process that includes setbacks that result in greater coping responses over time
empowerment increasing the spiritual, political, social or economic strength of individuals and communties
self determination refers to the freedom in which an individual can choose important life and occupational issues such as where to live, what to do with one's time, who to spend time with, and when where and how to get help when experiencing a problem
community integration the opportunity to live in the community and be valued for one's uniqueness and abilities, like everyone else.
what are the 10 components to recovery? self direction, individualized and person-centered, empowerment, holistic, non-linear, strengths based, peer support, respect, responsibility, and hope
self direction choose their own path to recovery, take control
individualized and person centered multiple pathways based on individuals unique strengths, needs, preferences, experiences, and background
non-linear NOT step by step process, but continual growth, occasional setbacks and learning from experience
paradigm school of thought
first order change symptom management
second order change reduce other barriers-community and family
Asylums safe havens; psychiatric hospitals intended to protect and treat people with mental illness
Mental Hygiene Movement the science and practice of maintaining and restoring mental health; a branch of early 20th century psychiatry that has become interdisciplinary field including subspecialties in psychology, nursing, social work, law, OT and other professions
Moral Treatment an approach to mental disorder based on humane psychosociacare or moral discipline that emerged in the 18th century and came to the fore for much of the 19th century, deriving from psychiatry or psychology and partly from religious or moral concerns.
psychosocial issues concerns that include both psychological and social aspects
disability a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the individual's major life activities
self determination refers to the freedom with which an individual can choose important life and occupational issues such as where to live, what to do with one's time, who to spend time with, and when, where and how to get help
interdependence a dynamic of being mutually and physically responsible to and sharing a common set of principles with others. Balance between personal abilities and aspirations and environmental resources that suport occupational functioning
shock a sudden disturbance,either physically or mentally
defensive retreat or denial defense mechanism in which existence of unpleasant is disavowed; healthy and typical response
motivational interviewing a counseling that recognizes that consumers who need to make behavior changes approach intervention at different levels of readiness; nonjudgemental approach that increase awareness to consumers about potential problems
precontemplation no thought or intention of changing in the near future; similar to concept of denial but based on little to no awareness of how a behavior might have serious disabling consequences
depression or mourning behavioral reaction and integration of grief and bereavement; related to future dreams that no longer seem possible- anxiety and fear
personal questioning occurs when a person continually as themselves questions related to feelings of helplessness, fear frustration, anxiety and irriability
regression a return of symptoms or a more primitive mode of behavior due to loss of function
integration the bringing together of many parts so as to function as a harmonious whole
disability oommunity collectives of individuals and their families who share a disability experience; may join together to support each other
disability rights movement effort to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities
independent living movement effort focusing on personal assistant services and the removal of architectural and transportation barriers to allow individuals with disabilities to manage their daily life activities and fully participate in the life of the community
independent living centers nonresidential, nonprofit, and community-based organizations that coordinate services including counseling, training, rehabilitation, assistance with devices, and respite care for people with all types of disabilities assist with reaching max potential
self advocacy speaking up for oneself; they have a right to their own personal choices
ombudsman an official who is typically appointed by an agency, government, employer or school and charged to investigate and address reported complaints
employee assistance program confidential resources to assist employees with life issues that impact their ability to focus on or meet employment expectations
legal aid societies nonprofit entities that provide civil legal assistance for individuals who cannot afford their own legal counsel
evidenced-based practice the conscious and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of clients
evidenced-based medicine the process of applying relevant information derived for peer reviewed medical literature to address a specific clinical problem
psychosocial interventions modalities designed to help clients attain independence, recovery, employment, meaningful interpersonal relationships, and approved quality of life
Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) a community oriented intensive care management developed in response to the deinstitutionalization movement of psychiatric rehab. (Reduce hospital admission rates, develop skills and promote proper use of mental health services)
Social Skills Training (SST) a process of optimizing social functioning of individuals with disabilities and improving the repertoire of skills for community functioning such as identifying problems in daily life
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) a remedial approach used in behavior therapy to influence various classes of disorders such as anxiety, fear, phobias, aggression disorders of conduct
Dialectal Behavioral Therapy (DBT) a comprehensive cognitive-behavioral treatment protocol for complex and difficult-to-treat mental disorders that combines individual psychotherapy with skills training
Expressed Emotion a qualitative measure of the "amount" of emotion displayed, typically in family setting, usually by family or caretakers
family intervention intervention of more than one member of a family in the same session
stigma anattribute that is deeply discrediting, resulting in the marginalization of that person in the eyes of others
labeling theory the approach concerning how the self identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them
normalization any process which makes something normal
modified labeling theory the approach indicating that the expectations of labeling can have a large negative effects, clients withdraw from society, constant rejection of those with a diagnosis of mental illness
structural stigma a sociopolitical process in which the policies of private or government structures restrict the opportunities of stigmatized groups
universalist a person who sees a disability from a social perspective, recognizing the need to examine the broader contexts beyond personal factors that impact social participation of individuals with disabilities
double stigma a stigma resulting from prejudice and discrimination that occurs when the individual has a mental illness and belongs to a ethnic minority group
marginality lack of integration with cultural experiences and norms
exclusion disconnection from the situation or society overall
disaffiliation people whose situations have devolved to such a level of disruption that they are viewed as the "other" (ex. homeless)
family "those who undertake the care and support of a person with a severe mental illness, regardless whether they are related or live in the same household
subjective burden emotional response of dealing with catastrophic events including feelings of grief; symbolic loss of hopes and dreams of the future; roller coaster of emotion
objective burden the challenges of addressing a myriad of practical problems associated with mental illness including managing positive and negative symptoms and adapting to family members mood swings, socially inappropriate or self destructive behaviors
family respite brief periods of relief for families providing caregiving to persons living in the community
violition a persons motivation for action and different occupations
habituation the process by which occupation into patterns or routines
performance capacity the mental and physical abilities that underlie skilled performance
psychoeducation teaching skills to those who are mentally ill
multifamily psychoeducation teaching skills to family, friends and caregivers
multicultural context a persons family, community and effects of stigma associated with mental illness in society that influences culture identity
acculturation the processes that occur when people from different cultural groups have continuous contact, which results in changes in the cultural patterns of either or both groups
culturally and linguistically appropriate services services that are respectful and responsive to the cultural and linguistic needs of consumers and their families
health care literacy the consumers ability to read, understand, and use health-care information, including having social skills and motivation to gain access to this information
ethnicity the state or fact of belonging to a particular ethnic group
culture specific expertise a strong base of cultural based information for all groups
scientific minded approaching each person without assumptions, while at the same time considering cultural hypotheses about that person that can be tested and modified
dynamic sizing what the practitioner knows about a persons cultural group
culture something that is learned and shared among members of a group and that is cumulative and dynamic (language, roles, relationships, ect)
cultural worldview the way which a person looks at the world and their place in it
cultural practices the doing of culture, or the discrete, observable, objective and behaviors in which people engage
ethnocentrism the universal tendency of humans to appraise ways of thinking, acting and believing according to their own background and experience
cultural formulation outline a resource for a systematic review of a persons culture background and the role of culture in manifestation of symptoms and dysfunction
cultural competence sensitivity to the culture, philosophical, religious, and social preferences of people of varying ethnicities
transcultural health care formal areas of study and practices in the cultural beliefs, values and lifeways of diverse cultures and in the use of knowledge to provide culture specific or culture-universal care to clients
culture-emergent model an inquiry-centered approach to developing the knowledge, attitudes and skills for culturally competent practice
enculturation the process by which an individual is taught the norms of a culture
heritage consistency the degree to which an individuals lifestyle reflects their ethnic, religious and culture heritage
supported housing to match the needs of the consumer with appropriate housing type
place-train perspective placing a person in a housing or working situation first then offering training and support for to have successful everyday living
Woodley House provides to 300 consumers each yr. unique recovery. he lead the way in returning people suffering from mental health to indendence
Fairweather Lodge Model rehab combining congruent living with collaborative employment. affordable, 4-8 people sharing a home, chores, preparation and purchase of food. make their own rules
linear continuum paradigm helping persons with psychiatric disabilities to find housing that can become a home that is safe and where they can engage in community
personal assistant services service to provide those with disabilities to assist them with tasks of everyday living
public housing agencies nonprofit that works to preserve and improve public housing through advocacy, research , policy analysis and education
occupational profiles a method of systematically describing a person's occupational history, patterns of daily living, interests, values and needs often performed at the beginning of a therapeutic relationship with OT
Created by: kcjesusaves