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Structural Organization Key Terms

Anatomical Position the body is facing forward, standing erect, feet parallel, holding arms at side with palms facing forward.
Directional Terms refer to location of a structure of the relative position of a body part to another one
Anterior on the front of the body
Ventral 2 on the front of the body 2
Cranial refers to head
Posterior on the back of the body
Dorsal 2 on the back of the body 2
Caudal refers to the tail or tailbone
Inferior refers to the tail, bottom, or lower body or section
Medial refers to the middle
Lateral refers to the side
Proximal refers to the nearest to the point of refrence
Distal refers to the farthest from the point of reference
Superficial on or near the surface
Deep on the side
Planes an imaginary line that divides the body or an organ into sections
Sagittal Plane divides the body into right and left sides
Midsagittal Plane divides the body into equal halves
Frontal Plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
Transverse Plane divides the body into top and bottom sections
Body Cavities spaces within the body that contain and protect organs
Abdominal Cavity contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, large and small intestines, and the appendix.
Cranial Cavity contains the brain
Dorsal Cavity contains the brain and spinal cord
Pelvic Cavity contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum
Spinal Cavity contains the spinal cord
Thoracic Cavity contains the heart, lungs, bronchi, trachea, esophagus, and thymus gland.
Abdominal quadrants Four subdivisions used to reference abdominal organs
Right Upper Quadrant RUQ
Right Lower Quadrant RLQ
Left Upper Quadrant LUQ
Left Lower Quadrant LLQ
Abdominal/Pelvic Regions subdivisions of the combined abdominal and pelvic cavity
Epigastric Region the area just below the sternum (breastbone)
Umbilical Region the area around the navel or umbilicus
Hypogastric Region the area below the stomach, the pubic area
Hypochondriac Region the area below the ribs
Lliac Region the area to the right and left of the pubic area, also known as the inguinal area
Lumbar Region the area on each side of the umbilicus, extends from anterior to posterior
Created by: All_Hail_Dani



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