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Literary Terms 123

Exam Review

What is an Antagonist? A rival or opponent of the protagonist
What is Atmosphere? The emotional aura of a novel that helps to establish the reader’s expectations and attitudes. The atmosphere of a novel may be somber or suspenseful.
What is Characterization? Characterization- Characters may be portrayed or characterized in terms of their psycholoical traits (behaviour and motivation) and their social standing (how they are viewed by other characters).
Define a FLAT Character A character that is one-dimensional; possesses a single quality; E.g. a “good guy” or “bad guy”
Define a ROUND Character A character that has many qualities; possesses psychological motivation and depth.
What does Atticus Finch possess? Integrity and Compassion
What does Aunt Alexandra possess? Responsibility and Judgmental
What is Conflict? The struggle between two opposing forces in a narrative. Conflict is the source of action in the story and the reason for plot.
Define "Internal Conflict" A moral struggle within one’s own mind or a struggle to decide between right and wrong or, more specifically, between two conflicting plans of action.
Define "External Conflict" Characters vs. other characters; characters vs. nature; characters vs. the supernatural.
What is a flashback? A device by which the writer of fiction presents incidents that occurred prior to the opening scene of work.
What is foreshadowing? Literally, a hint of events to come.
Define "Dramatic Irony" The words or actions of a character may carry a meaning unperceived by the character but understood by the audience.
Define "Situational Irony" An outcome of event is opposite to what would normally be expected.
What is a plot? The story line or action of a narrative and is based on the development and resolution of conflict.
What are the stages of plot? INTRODUCTION- Situation, characters and setting are introduced to the reader. RISING ACTION- Development of the conflict. CLIMAX- the point in the story where one force in the central conflict wins over the other.
What are the stages of plot. (Cont.) DENOUEMENT- The resolution of the story CONCLUSION- The end of the story.
What is a climax? The climax in the narrative was where one opposing force in the central conflict wins over the other one.
What is POV? The perspective from which the story is told.
Define "Omniscient" POV Told in third person and is able to describe the inner thoughts and feeling of all the characters.
Define "Limited Omniscient" POV Told in third person. The narrator can describe the inner thoughts and feelings of this character.
Define "Objective(Reporter)" POV Told in third person. But is not involved in the story and can not access the feelings of the character.
Define "First Person" POV Told in first person.
What is a protagonist? The chief character in a play, story or film. They are also the leading character in terms of their ability to enlist the sympathy and interest of the reader.
What is Setting? The physical background against which the action of a narrative takes place.
What is a theme? What the story shows us about ourselves and our world that we may not have realized before. It usually deals with universal truths or human experiences.
Created by: nikiangel099



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